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Pressure Suit, A6-L, Gordon, Training

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Astronaut:
Richard F. Gordon  Search this
Materials:
Overall - beta cloth, rubber, nylon, plastic
Connectors - aluminum (red, blue)
Neck ring - aluminum
Wrist locking rings - aluminum (red, blue)
other: beta cloth, anodized aluminum, velcro, nylon, neoprene-coated nylon, rubber (silicone), brass, gold plating, steel, polycarbonate, Chromel-R
Dimensions:
Overall: 5ft 7in. x 2ft 8in. x 11in. (170.18 x 81.3 x 27.9cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19730579000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c8e1b61e-25f3-4a1d-9122-05b22f3c2d1b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730579000
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Margaret Tomkins, 1984 June 6

Interviewee:
Tomkins, Margaret, 1916-2002  Search this
Interviewer:
Guenther, Bruce  Search this
Subject:
Fitzgerald, James  Search this
Artists Gallery (Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Margaret Tomkins, 1984 June 6. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Artists -- Northwestern States -- Interviews  Search this
Art, Modern -- Northwestern States  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12308
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212455
AAA_collcode_tomkin84
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212455
Online Media:

Cup with stand (youring)

Medium:
Silver
Dimensions:
H x Diam: 21.6 x 16.5 cm (8 1/2 x 6 1/2 in)
Type:
Vessel
Origin:
Lhasa, Central Tibet
Date:
19th century
Topic:
Tibet  Search this
South Asian and Himalayan Art  Search this
Alice S. Kandell Collection  Search this
stand  Search this
Credit Line:
The Alice S. Kandell Collection
Accession Number:
S2013.26a-b
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
On View:
Sackler Gallery 26a: The Tibetan Buddhist Shrine Room
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye34e06bc40-2cc1-4bc7-a3f2-1a5b2ff711cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2013.26a-b

Untitled (Ella on silk)

Artist:
Carrie Mae Weems, born 20 Apr 1953  Search this
Copy after:
Herman Leonard, 1923 - 2010  Search this
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996  Search this
Medium:
Digital inkjet printed with fabric dye on silk charmeuse stretched over cotton
Dimensions:
Sheet: 109.4 × 84 × 3.7 cm (43 1/16 × 33 1/16 × 1 7/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
2014
Topic:
Ella Fitzgerald: Female  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2015.42.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2014 Carrie Mae Weems
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a19c2d77-03e1-4206-a28d-1f4820180442
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2015.42.1

Untitled (Ella on silk)

Artist:
Carrie Mae Weems, born 20 Apr 1953  Search this
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996  Search this
Medium:
Digital inkjet printed with fabric dye on silk charmeuse stretched over cotton
Dimensions:
Sheet: 35.3 × 27.2 × 3.7 cm (13 7/8 × 10 11/16 × 1 7/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
2014
Topic:
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Female  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2015.42.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2014 Carrie Mae Weems
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49bff5c1b-ca8b-422f-88a8-844785014e78
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2015.42.2

Beyoncé Knowles

Artist:
Markus Klinko, born c. 1961  Search this
Indrani Pal-Chaudhuri, born c. 1974  Search this
Sitter:
Beyoncé Knowles, born 4 Sept 1981  Search this
Medium:
Color photolithographic halftone poster
Dimensions:
Sheet: 121.9 x 91.4 cm (48 x 36")
Type:
Print
Date:
2003
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Poster  Search this
Beyoncé Knowles: Female  Search this
Beyoncé Knowles: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Beyoncé Knowles: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Entrepreneur  Search this
Beyoncé Knowles: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Beyoncé Knowles: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Beyoncé Knowles: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Chisholm-Larsson Gallery, New York City
Object number:
S/NPG.2012.63
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Markus Klinko and Indrani Pal-Chaudhuri
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4903b0415-bd33-4ce5-ada9-eef219d28199
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2012.63

Quantum Leap: Does "Indian Blood" Still Matter? Part 1

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Symposia
Podcast
MIME Type:
video/mp4
Uploaded:
Thu, 06 Oct 2011 15:29:00 GMT
Topic:
Native Americans  Search this
American Indians  Search this
See more episodes:
Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian Live Events
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:podcasts_574b70c3dbd7bc2ea45defac6e1e81d0

Fact or Fiction?: The United States Courts’ Use of History to Shape Native Law Jurisprudence Part 2

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Symposia
Podcast
MIME Type:
video/mp4
Uploaded:
Fri, 07 Oct 2011 15:30:00 GMT
Topic:
Native Americans  Search this
American Indians  Search this
See more episodes:
Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian Live Events
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:podcasts_6fbaab31681145f7d2e4f710f94082fe

Quantum Leap: Does "Indian Blood" Still Matter? Part 2

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Symposia
Podcast
MIME Type:
video/mp4
Uploaded:
Thu, 06 Oct 2011 15:29:00 GMT
Topic:
Native Americans  Search this
American Indians  Search this
See more episodes:
Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian Live Events
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:podcasts_c48822247f4f4dcd2610ff350a2320db

Fact or Fiction?: The United States Courts’ Use of History to Shape Native Law Jurisprudence Part 1

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Symposia
Podcast
MIME Type:
video/mp4
Uploaded:
Fri, 07 Oct 2011 15:30:00 GMT
Topic:
Native Americans  Search this
American Indians  Search this
See more episodes:
Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian Live Events
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:podcasts_f746c822824d28c5358532c7ee37ddf3

Map of Yokohama

Cartographer:
Brett's Pharmacy  Search this
Physical description:
1 map color 32 x 46 cm folded to 14 x 10 cm
Type:
Maps
Place:
Japan
Yokohama-shi
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Date:
1932
Topic:
Central business districts  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1159188

The correspondence of Charles Darwin editors: Frederick Burkhardt, James A. Secord, Samantha Evans [and five others] ; associate editors: Anne Schlabach Burkhardt [and seven others]

Author:
Darwin, Charles 1809-1882  Search this
Editor:
Burkhardt, Frederick 1912-2007  Search this
Smith, Sydney 1911-1988  Search this
Secord, James A.,  Search this
Evans, Samantha 1966-  Search this
Burkhardt, Anne Schlabach 1916-2012  Search this
Pearn, Alison M  Search this
Sponsoring body:
Darwin Correspondence Project  Search this
Subject:
Darwin, Charles (1809-1882) Correspondance  Search this
Physical description:
volumes <1-29> illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Sources
Correspondance
Collected Correspondence
Personal correspondence
Letters
Correspondance privée
Place:
England
Angleterre
Angleterre (GB)
Date:
1985
19e siècle
Topic:
Naturalists  Search this
Evolution (Biology)--History  Search this
Biological Evolution  Search this
Naturalistes--Correspondance  Search this
Naturalistes  Search this
Évolution (Biologie)  Search this
evolution  Search this
Evolution (Biology)  Search this
Biologen  Search this
Evolucao Humana  Search this
Biografias  Search this
Call number:
QH31.D2 A33 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_306656

Important South African Villa artwork sold for scrap

Author:
Wright, Jeanne  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Villa, Edoardo 1915-2011  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
South Africa
Port Elizabeth
Date:
2007
Topic:
Public sculpture  Search this
Call number:
N7392 .S575
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_924942

Agency history, 1958-2021

Creator:
Friends of the National Zoo (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
Conservation Nation  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1958
1958-2021
Topic:
Zoos  Search this
COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020-  Search this
Wildlife conservation  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00236
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_221787

The Klan Edition of the Kourier Magazine, Vol. 5, April 1929, No. 5

Written by:
Ku Klux Klan, 2nd, American, 1915 - 1944  Search this
Published by:
Ku Klux Klan, 2nd, American, 1915 - 1944  Search this
Subject of:
Ku Klux Klan, 2nd, American, 1915 - 1944  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D (2014.252.5.1 closed): 8 1/16 × 4 15/16 × 1/16 in. (20.4 × 12.6 × 0.2 cm)
H x W x D (2014.252.5.1 open): 8 1/16 × 9 13/16 × 1/16 in. (20.4 × 24.9 × 0.2 cm)
H x W x D (2014.252.5.2 closed): 8 1/16 × 4 15/16 × 1/16 in. (20.4 × 12.6 × 0.2 cm)
H x W x D (2014.252.5.2 open): 8 1/16 × 9 13/16 × 1/16 in. (20.4 × 24.9 × 0.2 cm)
Type:
journals (periodicals)
Place printed:
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1929
Topic:
African American  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Mass media  Search this
United States History  Search this
White supremacy movements  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, A Gift of the Bunch Family
Object number:
2014.258.5.1-.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd551d78cde-cd4d-4f6d-99c9-66142db399ae
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.258.5.1-.2
Online Media:

Moses and Frances Asch Collection

Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Names:
Courlander, Harold, 1908-1996  Search this
Guthrie, Woody, 1912-1967  Search this
Jenkins, Ella  Search this
Leadbelly, 1885-1949  Search this
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Extent:
841 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Correspondence
Phonograph records
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Date:
1926-1986
bulk 1948-1986
Summary:
This collection, which dates from 1926-1986, documents the output of Moses Asch through the various record labels he founded and co-founded, and includes some of his personal papers. The Asch collection includes published recordings, master tapes, outtakes, business records, correspondence, photographs, and film.
Scope and Contents:
The Moses and Frances Asch Collection measures 841 cubic feet and dates from 1926-1987, with some contemporary, relevant correspondence, clippings, and ephemera added after 1987.

Most of the collection consists of audio recordings (commercial 78 rpm and long-playing records, open reel tapes, acetate discs, and test pressings), correspondence with recording artists and producers, artwork, photographs, ephemera, clippings, record production materials, writings, and business papers relating to Folkways Records. Materials relating to Folkways Records can be found primarily in the Correspondence, Folkways Production, Business Records, Photographs, Artwork, Sound Recordings, and Film series.

The collection also contains some biographical materials and personal correspondence, including materials related to Asch's first business, Radio Laboratories, located in the Biographical Materials series. Correspondence, ephemera, photographs, record production materials, business papers, and recordings relating to Asch's record labels before Folkways Records (Asch Recordings, Disc Company of America, Cub Records) are located in the Early Label Materials series as well as the Audio Recordings and Photographs series.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged in 10 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1942-1987

Series 2: Folkways Production, 1946-1987

Series 3: Business Records, 1940-1987

Series 4: Woody Guthrie papers, 1927-1985

Series 5: Early Label Materials, 1940-1949

Series 6: Biographical Materials, 1926-1987

Series 7: Photographs

Series 8: Artwork

Series 9: Audio Recordings

Series 10: Film

At this time, the collection is partially processed. Please contact rinzlerarchives@si.edu for more information.
Biographical/Historical note:
The son of Yiddish writer Sholem Asch, Moses Asch was born in Poland in 1905. His childhood was spent in Poland, France, Germany, and New York. While young, Asch developed an interest in radio electronics, which ultimately lead him to his life's work, recording the music and sounds of the world. He established several record labels in succession, sometimes partnering with other record companies. Two of his fist record companies, Asch Recordings and DISC Co. of America, went bankrupt. They were followed by his best-known label, Folkways Records, which was founded in 1948 with Marian Distler (1919-1964). He was still working on Folkways recordings when he died in 1986.

Folkways Records sought to document the entire world of sound. The 2,168 titles Asch released on Folkways include traditional and contemporary music from around the world, spoken word in many languages, and documentary recordings of individuals, communities, and current events. Asch's business practices revolved around the commitment to keep every recording issued by Folkways in print, despite low sales. Asch stayed afloat by cutting costs where he could (such as color printing) and offering a high-quality product, meticulously recorded and accompanied by extensive liner notes. In doing this, he could charge a slightly higher price than other commercial outfits. Despite a tenuous relationship with financial solvency, Folkways grew to be not only one of the most important independent record companies in the United States in the 20th century, but also one of the largest and most influential record companies in the world.

Moses Asch's record labels featured famous and lesser known American writers, poets, documentarians, ethnographers, and grass roots musicians on commercial recordings. American folk icon Woody Guthrie recorded on the Asch, Disc, and Folkways labels, and the Asch Collection includes some of his correspondence, lyrics, drawings, and writings. The collection also includes correspondence with other notable musicians and artists such as John Cage, Langston Hughes, Margaret Walker, Huddie "Lead Belly" Ledbetter, Pete Seeger, Peggy Seeger, Ewan MacColl, Alan Lomax, Henry Cowell, and Kenneth Patchen. Also in the collection are ethnographic field notes and photographs by as well as correspondence with Béla Barók, Sidney Robertson Cowell, Harold Courlander, Helen Creighton, Laura Boulton, and Samuel Charters. Asch hired various prominent artists and graphic designers including David Stone Martin, Ben Shahn, John Carlis, and Ronald Clyne to create album cover art for his recordings. Much of the original art and designs for these covers can be found in the Asch Collection.

Asch's output of recordings on various labels, including published recordings, open reel master tapes, outtakes, and acetate disks, in addition to his business papers, correspondence, photographs, and other files were acquired by the Smithsonian Institution in 1987. The collection came to the Smithsonian with the understanding that all 2168 titles under the Folkways label would be kept available in perpetuity.
Shared Stewardship of Collections:
The Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage acknowledges and respects the right of artists, performers, Folklife Festival participants, community-based scholars, and knowledge-keepers to collaboratively steward representations of themselves and their intangible cultural heritage in media produced, curated, and distributed by the Center. Making this collection accessible to the public is an ongoing process grounded in the Center's commitment to connecting living people and cultures to the materials this collection represents. To view the Center's full shared stewardship policy, which defines our protocols for addressing collections-related inquiries and concerns, please visit https://folklife.si.edu/archives#shared-stewardship.
Provenance:
Ralph Rinzler arranged the Smithsonian's acquisition of the Moses and Frances Asch Collection in 1987, beginning with Asch before his death in 1986 and continuing with extensive discussions between Rinzler and the Asch family. Since its acquisition, archivist Jeff Place and others have added contemporary, relevant correspondence with Folkways artists and related individuals.
Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Folk dance music  Search this
Electronic music  Search this
Oral interpretation of poetry  Search this
Oral interpretation of fiction  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- 19th century  Search this
Music -- 18th century  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Folk music -- United States  Search this
World music  Search this
Sounds  Search this
Vocal music  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Correspondence
Phonograph records
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk533b8a927-559a-44ac-98d2-f32d871058b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-cfch-asch
Online Media:

Sounds of North American Frogs: The Biological Significance of Voice in Frogs

Producer:
Bogert, Charles M. (Charles Mitchill), 1908-1992  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-0747
General:
CDR copy FW-ASCH-7RR-0747 consists of frog calls which were used in conjunction with a presentation entitled "Amphibean Calls and Their Significance," presented by Charles M. Bogert at an August 1954 Florida meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. The calls are grouped into four units: (1.) Warning calls, mating calls and screams of fright; (2.) Calls illustrating north/south trends, generally showing that higher-pitched and faster calls are in the South; (3.) Calls showing correlation between pitch and size of frog. (Larger frogs have lower-pitched calls.); and (4.) Sample calls of individual species of one genus in one region, illustrating the great diversity. Three pages of notes pertaining to the calls have been placed in the new tape box. FW-ASCH-7RR-0748 and -0749 are dubs of FW-ASCH-7RR-0747. Dr. Bogert also "conceived, narrated and documented" an important Folkways Record: Sounds of North American Frogs (now SFW45060), four years after this tape was made and which includes some songs from this tape, but many additional songs also. See other sheets for track list and durations.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Sounds  Search this
Biology  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-0747
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk59893bed7-0fb9-4b6b-a20a-3391e6915982
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref19246

Charles Olson Reads from Maximus Poems IV, V, VI

Author:
Olson, Charles, 1910-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Contents:
Charles Olson Reads from Maximus Poems IV, V, VI
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-4279
General:
CDR copy Tape Info: An unidentified man (English professor?) reads poems by Charles Olson, perhaps entirely from The Maximus Poems. They are often in the 1st person, told by "Maximus of Gloucester" and often relate to the town of Gloucester and fishing, although the precise meaning is frequently obscure. The recording took place on Mar. 4, 1957, at "KPFA, Berkeley." The following background on Charles Olson and his poetry is quoted directly from Wikipedia : Charles Olson (27 December 1910 - 10 January 1970), was a second generation American modernist poet who was a crucial link between earlier figures like Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams and the New American poets, Olson was born to Karl Joseph and Mary Hines Olson. and grew up in Worcester, Massachusetts (where his father worked as a mailman) and spent summers in Gloucester, Massachusetts, which was to become the focus of his writing. In 1950, inspired by the example of Pound's Cantos (though Olson denied any direct relation between the two epics), Olson began writing The Maximus Poems, a project that was to remain unfinished at the time of his death. An exploration of American history in the broadest sense, Maximus is also an epic of place, Massachusetts and specifically the city of Gloucester where Olson had settled. Dogtown, the wild, rock-strewn centre of Cape Ann, next to Gloucester, is an important place in The Maximus Poems. The whole work is also mediated through the voice of Maximus, based partly on Maximus of Tyre, an itinerant Greek philosopher, and partly on Olson himself.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Poetry  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-4279
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk55ad6721d-5394-460b-a88c-366f47669fe1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref25964

Carl Whiting Bishop Collection

Creator:
Bishop, Carl Whiting, 1881-1942  Search this
Names:
Bishop, Carl Whiting, 1881-1942  Search this
Tung, Kuang-zung.  Search this
Warner, Langdon (1881-1955)  Search this
Wenley, A. G. (Archibald Gibson), 1898-1962  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographic prints
Manuscript
Place:
China
Date:
1923-1934
Summary:
An associate curator and associate in archaeology at the Freer Gallery of Art from 1922 to 1942, the collection of Carl Whiting Bishop (1881-1942) document his Gallery-sponsored travels to China from 1923 to 1934 and include an unpublished manuscript describing his archaeological research in China; line drawings; rubbings; maps; note cards; and nearly 4,000 glass and film negatives with corresponding original silver prints. These document his expeditions in northern and central China, illustrating archaeological sites in Henan, Shanxi, and Hebei provinces. Specific digs include the large neolithic site at Wanquan, Shanxi, and sixth century C.E. tombs near Fenyin. Additional images show Chinese cityscapes, daily life and customs, topography, temples, pagodas, caves, and sculpture.
Scope and Contents:
The professional papers and official records of Carl Whiting Bishop include his unpublished two-volume manuscript, [not before 1940]; and photographs, nearly 4,000 images, 1915-1934; and undated. These materials document over a twenty-five year period in the course of Bishop's research and archaeological activities. They were retained at the Freer Gallery of Art after Bishop's death in 1942, and were supplemented with an addition received in 1956 from his widow Daisy Furscott Bishop.

The manuscript was prepared in a typescript format, over 421 pages of text, with photographic illustrations, and completed by Bishop sometime after 1939. Properly titled Archaeological Research in China 1923-1934, this unpublished manuscript constituted a field report that chronicled Bishop's Gallery-sponsored expeditions in northern and central China during the period 1923 to 1934. The reader is provided with a record of the day-to-day operations completed, of obstacles and opposition encountered, and the results obtained from their work. Key diplomatic and scientific representatives from the West and China are recorded who aided and contributed to the investigations. Moreover, there are descriptions of the academic, social and political climate in China during a period of civil war and economic strife. Against this background, Bishop also discussed their efforts in view of the history of China, with commentary on the country's geography, topography, climate, flora and fauna, mineral products, and ancient customs and legends.

The earliest still photographic prints in the Bishop Papers date from his employ at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where he conducted archaeological reconnaissance from 1915 to 1918 in China, Korea, and Japan. All subsequent images were created or collected by Bishop and his assistant Kuang-zung Tung during the Freer Gallery-sponsored expeditions of 1923-1934. Further descriptions of these materials may be found under Series 2 and Series 3 in this finding aid.

In the transliteration into English of the names of Chinese characters, Bishop followed the Wade-Giles system, with a few exceptions to those rules for certain well known and commonly used place-names, especially those of cities, towns, territorial divisions, and bodies of water. We have retained Bishop's romanization except in certain areas where clarification was needed. The Chinese personal and place-names have been kept as they appeared in his captions.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Manuscript/Writings 1915-1934 and undated

Series 2: Photography Prints

Series 3: Negatives

Series 4: Drawings, Rubbings, and Maps
Biographical / Historical:
Carl Whiting Bishop (1881-1942) was an archaeologist, anthropologist, and specialist in the field of East Asian studies. Born in Tokyo, Japan, on July 12, 1881, he was the son of a Methodist missionary, the Reverend Charles Bishop. Except for a twelve-month residence in the United States during 1889-90, Bishop spent the first sixteen years of his life in Japan, before returning to this country in 1898 for college preparatory work at Northwestern Academy, Evanston, Illinois. He studied at Hampden-Sydney College and in 1912 received an A.B. degree from DePauw University. In 1913 he was awarded the degree of Master of Arts by the Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, where he studied with the noted German anthropologist, Franz Boas (1858-1942). That same year he received his first scientific appointment as a member of the Peabody Museum Expedition to Central America.

From 1914-18 Bishop served as Assistant Curator in Oriental Art at the University of Pennsylvania Museum, where on an expedition for that museum he made his first trip to China. Under the auspices of the university, he conducted archaeological reconnaissance during 1915 and 1916 in China, Korea, and Japan, and again conducted archaeological surveys in 1917 and 1918, although no systematic excavations were carried out at that time. When the United States entered World War I on the side of the Allied Powers, Bishop enlisted in the United States Navy and was made assistant naval attaché, serving in China in the years 1918-20, with the rank of lieutenant, junior grade. He returned to Columbia University in 1921 to assume the position of Assistant in Anthropology, a post he held until the end of the academic season in 1922.

Effective 10 April 1922, Bishop was appointed as Associate Curator of the Freer Gallery of Art by then director John Ellerton Lodge (1878-1942). Asked to undertake important archaeological work, Bishop headed the gallery's first expedition to China, sponsored jointly by the FGA and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, lasting from 20 February 1923 to 6 August 1927. From 16 November 1929 to 11 April 1934, he headed another expedition, sent out this time by the Freer Gallery alone. When conditions in China made further efforts impractical, Bishop returned to Washington in 1934, where he remained at the gallery as Associate in Archaeology until the time of his death on 16 June 1942.

Carl Whiting Bishop was a member of a number of learned societies: the American Oriental Society, the American Archaeological Society, the Anthropological Society, the American Society for the Advancement of Science, the American Geographical Society, and he served on the advisory board of the American Council of Learned Societies until his death.

1881, July 12 -- Born in Tokyo, Japan

1898 -- Attends Northwestern Academy in Evanston, Illinois for college preparatory work Attends Hampden-Sydney College

1912 -- Receives A.B. degree from DePauw University

1913 -- Receives Master of Arts from Department of Anthropology from Columbia University, where he studied with Franz Boas

1914 -- Begins serving as Assistant Curator in Oriental Art at the University of Pennsylvania Museum

1915-1918 -- Makes several archaeological survey trips to China, Korea and Japan

1918-1920 -- Enlists in the U.S. Navy, serving as assistant naval attaché in China

1921 -- Serves as Assistant Professor in Anthropology at Columbia University

1922, April 10 -- Becomes Associate Curator of the Freer Gallery of Art

1923-1927 -- Heads the Freer Gallery's first expedition to China, co-sponsored by the Boston Museum of Fine Arts

1929-1934 -- Heads the second Freer-sponsored expedition to China

1934 -- Returns to US and serves as Associate in Archaeology at the Freer Gallery of Art

1942, June 16 -- Dies.
Related Materials:
Additional Bishop material may be found in the following collections also found in the the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery:

Li Chi Reports, 1926-1929, regarding Li's reconnaissance work at Shi-yin Ts'un, Shansi Province, and the excavation at Anyang.

Archibald Gibson Wenley Papers, 1924-1926, including field diaries, notes, and photographs documenting his participation in the FGA expedition work in China.

Charles Lang Freer Papers, including 1915 correspondence between Freer and Bishop; newspaper clippings related to Bishop, and documents dated 1912-1913, relating to Freer's support for a proposed American School of Archeology in China.

A number of objects from the FGA expeditions, including bronzes, ceramics, and stone sculpture, have been accessioned into the permanent art collection of the Freer Gallery of Art. Additionally, remnants of antiquities, potteries, and metalwork accumulated during the field work, have been placed in the Freer Gallery Study Collection. Records for these items are retained with the Galleries' Registrar's Office.

Additional Bishop material may be found in the Smithsonian Institutional Archives:

Expedition Records, including correspondence of Carl Whiting Bishop, 1914; 1923-1942, nearly 3,000 letters arranged alphabetically by correspondent name; a manuscript catalogue of expedition acquisitions, Peking, 1923-1925; financial records, 1923-1934, including expedition fund ledgers, account statements, and receipts; and newspaper clippings, 1924-1932, documenting the gallery's field work and general archaeological work being conducted around the world at that time.

Smithsonian Institutional Archives, Central Files, Bishop folders, 1923-1942, including expedition letters, field reports, and photographs sent to John E. Lodge.

Personnel and Special Events Photograph Collection, containing portrait photographs of Bishop.

Additional Bishop matieral may be found in the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives, Philadelphia:

Documentation of University of Pennsylvania Museum-sponsored field work in East Asia may be found there that includes records of C.W. Bishop, dated 1914-1927 (measuring about .5 linear foot), much of it created during his tenure as the Museum's Assistant Curator of Oriental Art from 1914-1918. Included are Bishop's journals consisting of daily entries for two trips to China for the University of Pennsylvania Museum; letters to and from G.B. Gordon, C.W. Harrison, and Jane McHugh, written during Bishop's travel in China and subsequent to his return; and detailed financial accounts of expenditures during the China travels. Additionally, the repository houses a group of Bishop's negatives taken in China to visually record the expedition work.
Provenance:
Gift of Carl Whiting Bishop.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Archaeological expeditions  Search this
Archaeology -- China  Search this
Photography -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Manuscript
Citation:
The Carl Whiting Bishop Collection. FSA.A.02. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
Identifier:
FSA.A.02
See more items in:
Carl Whiting Bishop Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc31125ea37-fbdf-4cd0-b413-1b022a34356b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-02
Online Media:

Westminster West -- Hayward Garden

Gardener:
O'Donnell, Helen  Search this
Owner:
Hayward, Mary  Search this
Hayward, Gordon  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Dublin (New Hampshire)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hayward Garden (Westminster West, Vermont)
United States of America -- Vermont -- Windham -- Westminster West
Scope and Contents:
Hayward Garden includes 63 digital images and a folder that includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and additional images including a pamphlet about a musical program created for and perfomed in the garden in 2014 as a the Yellow Barn summer program.
General:
The owners describe their one and one-half acre ornamental garden as a new garden in an old place, with its 200 year-old colonial farmhouse and attached barn, low stone walls, and old farm building foundations that have been repurposed as distinctive garden rooms within surrounding meadows and woods. They purchased the property in 1983 and spent about one year clearing the land of scrap metal and other debris, brambles and weed trees, a rotting barn, dead trees, and an old Nash Metropolitan automobile. The garden style is English, with a rectilinear format from south to north softened by lush growth in season and more evident in the long Vermont winter. The design began by drawing a straight line from the front door of the house to a 75-year-old apple tree. There is a crab apple orchard along that main axis that can be seen from the house. Brick and pea stone gravel walks, 90-foot long mixed borders, and an herb garden laid out in formal parterres are either parallel or perpendicular to the central axis of the garden. The 14 garden rooms are delineated by clipped hedges of varying heights, many of yew but also other plant materials for variation. There are four places to sit within the garden: a gazebo at the far end reached through a tunnel of pleached copper beech, an outdoor dining room on pavers under tall trees, a bench slightly above and overlooking their spring garden, and another bench next to a shed near the herb garden.
Creating a garden in harmony with the rural location was important to the owners, who subsequently purchased 19 adjacent acres and preserved the meadows and woods with the Vermont Land Trust. To instill harmony in the diverse garden rooms the owners adhere to three themes: hedges for structure, black locust posts and terra cotta containers for materials, and burgundy and other reds for the color that recurs throughout the garden rooms. Since the entire garden is unified it is possible to add variations without muddling the design. Honoring the long gone dairy farms they have turned the foundations of a milking parlor into a garden room that has low, drought tolerant plants growing among the stone flooring and three rusted milk cans. The cracked cement foundation of a former silo was turned into a pond with a fountain built into a stone wellhead and a statue of Buddha on the shore.
Gordon Hayward has written many articles for Horticulture, Taunton's Fine Gardening, and regional magazines using his own garden to teach design aesthetics and their practical application. Topics include the effective placement of planted and unplanted containers and other garden ornaments, how to build a small fountain, the importance of proportions to design, how to set vertical posts, and tips on outdoor seating and dining rooms. Good design is illustrated by reshaping lawns to complement planted borders or trees, through consistent choices of decorative materials, through applying the principles of theme and variation when choosing what to put in the garden, and through planning for the winter garden with berries and crab apples for birds and good "bones" that become evident in winter.
Persons associated with the garden include: Gordon Hayward (owner, garden designer, and gardener, 1983- ), Mary Hayward (owner, garden designer, and gardener, 1983- ), Ephraim and Lydia Johnson Ranney, and their descendants in the Buxton and Reed families (former owners, circa 1790-1983); Helen O'Donnell (gardener, 2008-2015).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Vermont -- Westminster West  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VT019
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Vermont
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6348782db-b9b4-4f9c-bd8d-72b7affb6963
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11360

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