An interview of Tyrus Wong conducted 1965 January 30, by Betty Hoag, for the Archives of American Art.
Wong discusses making a film for grade schools and UCLA, which was produced by Eliot O'Hara, where he demonstrated Oriental painting techniques and Joe Jones demonstrated American techniques; working as an illustrator for Republic Studio; designing pottery plates for Greenfield Pottery, Gabriel Pottery in Pasadena; illustrations for the Western Art Review magazine; covers for the Los Angeles Times Home Section 1954 & 1955; text and illustrations for Watercolor Portraits, 1949; designing ads for various magazines; and doing watercolors, lithographs, and murals for the WPA, including the Santa Monica Library. Wong recalls Surasawa, Dorothy Jeakins, Nick Berganti, Hideo Dati, Benjy Ocobo, Carl Winter, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, Jerre Murry, Steven LaVerne Dunwell, George Stanley, Gordon Newell, and Frank Buck.
Biographical / Historical:
Tyrus Wong (1910-2016) was a Chinese American painter, designer, illustrator, and printmaker based in California.
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 48 min.
Only the second half of this interview was successfully recorded.
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Ethel M. Albert was an ethnologist whose research focused on communication and speech, and values and ethics. She pursued these themes cross-culturally across a wide spectrum of social classes, ethnic groups and locations. She received a PhD in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin in 1949 and taught a several institutions of higher learning before becoming a faculty member of Northwestern University in 1966. The Ethel Mary Albert papers consist of writings, photographs and sound recordings produced during the course of Albert's ethnological studies as Ford Fellow in Burundi in the late 1950s; field research among the Navaho; and materials related to a later cross cultural study of fatalism.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of Albert's papers produced in the course of her ethnological studies as Ford Fellow in Burundi in the late 1950s; field research among the Navaho; and materials related to a later cross cultural study of fatalism.
Among her field notes and extensive personal journals produced during her stay in Burundi are collections of Kirundi texts, including fables and stories, many of which were produced in direct cooperation with (and in a few cases authored by) some of her more literate informants. She also collected a wide spectrum of biographies. During her time in Central Africa, she interviewed many people from both major ethnic groups (Tutsi and Hutu) and accumulated photographic portraits of many of her biographical subjects.
Her collection of photographic slides number more than 300. They depict a wide range of the activities of village life (such as traditional dances, dress, children, cows, and agricultural activities) as well as portraits of the King and Queen of Urundi.
Albert also conducted ethnographic fieldwork among the Navaho. From that period, her papers include material relating to a study of values in five cultures; these appear in Vogt and Albert's People of Rimrock (1967).
Another important group of materials consists of manuscripts and notes relating to Albert's study of fatalism. In these notes and manuscripts she relates her previous 5 ethnographic studies to her philosophical knowledge in the production of a cross-cultural study of the values and life ways associated with fatalism, resignation and determinism.
This collection contains many of her completed essays and articles, both published and unpublished. Albert also produced sound recordings related to her field work in Burundi.
The collection is arranged in 14 series: (1) Rundi Projects Reports and Journals; (2) Rundi Ethnography; Rough Notes; (3) Rundi Biographies; (4) Rundi Texts; (5) Photographic Slides; (6) Study of Fatalism; (7) Study of Values in Five Cultures; (8) Miscellaneous Notes; (9) Unpublished Writings; (10) Published Articles; (11) Bibliography; (12) Unpublished Drafts of Manuscripts; (13) Miscellany; (14) Sound Recordings
Ethel M. Albert was born on March 28, 1918. She received her B.A. from Brooklyn College in 1942 and her M.A. from Columbia University in 1947. She was awarded a PhD in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin in 1949. She taught philosophy at Brooklyn College (1946-1947) and Syracuse University (1949-1952). She later taught speech at the University of California at Berkeley (1958-1966) and anthropology and speech at Northwestern University (1966-1977). From 1958-66, she served as chair of the committee for African Studies (a part of the Institute of International Studies). She was chair of the anthropology department at Northwestern University from 1972-73.
Albert's ethnographic research focused on communication and speech, and values and ethics. She pursued these themes cross-culturally across a wide spectrum of social classes, ethnic groups and locations. She carried out work among the Navaho while serving as a research associate with the Laboratory of Social Relations at Harvard University (1953-1955). As a Ford Foundation fellow (1955-1957), she carried out ethnographic studies of the Tutsi, Hutu and Twa peoples of Burundi, from which she produced numerous notes and writings. Albert died at the age of 71 in October of 1989, in Sarasota, Florida.
Chronology of the life of Ethel Mary Albert
1918 -- Born on the 28th of March in New Britain, CT.; daughter of Zundel and Dorothy (Eisenstadt) Sokolsky
1942 -- Receives her B.A. from Brooklyn College
1947 -- Receives her M.A. from Columbia University
1946-1947 -- Instructor of philosophy at Brooklyn College
1949 -- Awarded a PhD in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin
1949-1952 -- Instructor of philosophy at Syracuse University
1953-1955 -- Research associate with the Laboratory of Social Relations at Harvard University; carries out work among the Navahos
1955-1957 -- Carries out an ethnographic study of the Rundi Culture in central Africa as a Ford Foundation Fellow in the Overseas African Program
1957-1958 -- Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California
1958-1966 -- Instructor of speech at the University of California at Berkeley
1960,1961 -- Assistant Director for ethnology, National Science Foundation Project on Educational Resources in Anthropology
1963-1965 -- Chairman of committee for African studies (Institute of International Studies), University of California at Berkeley
1964-1965 -- Appointed vice-chairman of the speech department at the University of California at Berkeley
1966-1977 -- Professor of anthropology and speech at Northwestern University
1973 -- Chairman of anthropology and speech department, Northwestern University
These papers were bequeathed to the National Anthropological Archives by Ethel Mary Albert and were accessioned in 1990.
The Ethel Mary Albert papers are open for reaearch.
This series is arranged alphabetically by publication title. This series contains a variety of periodicals, newsletters, and newspapers produced by and for the LGBT community. There are publications that are both national in scope and locally oriented. There are early issues of Gay and Gay Power, two New York City-based newspapers. Other periodicals include The Advocate, Bay Area Reporter, and California Scene, a Los Angeles-based magazine published sporadically from 1971 through 1975 (the Summer 1975 issue covers the period December 1974 through July 1975). In the February 1971 issue of California Scene there are two pages of anonymously handwritten notes about items in the magazine. California Scene featured Colt Studios illustrations on their covers as well as photographs from the collection of writer-actor Roy Dean.
There are a full run of Steam magazine and nearly a full run of RFD magazine. There are newsletter issues from chapters of the Daughters of Bilitis and Mattachine Society (Colorado). Of particular interest to researchers may be the issues of ONE magazine. This magazine began publication in 1953 as an openly gay publication. In 1954 the United States Postal Service refused to deliver an issue prompting a long legal battle ending in 1958 when the United States Supreme Court established the right of gay publications to be distributed through the mail.
This series includes copies of the Mattachine Review and ONE Institute Quarterly: Homophile Studies. This series includes forty-one years of The Empty Closet, (1971-2012) (excepting the years 1976, 1978) from Rochester, New York, reportedly one of the three oldest gay publications in the United States. This series includes the final issue of Washington Blade prior to its bankruptcy and the first issue of its interim publication, DC Agenda. It includes the first issue of the new Washington Blade after its purchase by new owners post bankruptcy. There are also issues of the groundbreaking publication, The Ladder, published by the Daughters of Bilitis. Because some periodicals changed point of publication location, only the state has been given, when known, for identification purposes. Fourteen states are represented and two foreign countries (Canada and England), with the strongest representation being from California and New York.
This series includes Orlando, Florida area publications collected after the Pulse nightclub massacre 2016 June 12.
The collection is open for research use.
Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution