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Lilian Swann Saarinen papers

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Names:
Cambridge Art Center  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Faculty  Search this
G Place Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Knoll Associates, inc.  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Faculty  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Otava Publishing Company  Search this
Reynal & Hitchcock  Search this
Armitage, Merle, 1893-1975  Search this
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Koch, Carl  Search this
Kreis, Henry, 1899-1963  Search this
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950  Search this
Saarinen, Loja  Search this
Venturi, Robert  Search this
Weese, Harry, 1915-1998  Search this
Extent:
9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1909-1977
Summary:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cambridge sculptor and illustrator, Lilian Swann Saarinen, measure nine linear feet and date from circa 1909 to 1977. The collection documents Saarinen's career through correspondence with artists, architects, publishers, and gallery owners; writings and notes, including manuscripts and illustrations for children's books and publications; project and teaching files; financial records; artwork, including numerous project sketches; and photos of Saarinen and her artwork. Saarinen's personal life is also documented through diaries and correspondence with friends and family members, including Eero Saarinen, to whom she was married from 1939-1953.

Biographical material consists of resumes and biographical sketches, as well as a 1951 blueprint for the Eero Saarinen and Associates Office Building in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Correspondence documents Saarinen's personal and professional life through letters to and from Eero Saarinen and other family members, including six letters from Loja Saarinen; correspondence with artists and architects, including Merle Armitage, Charles and Ray Eames, Carl Koch, Henry Kreis, Carl Milles, Laszlo and Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, Robert Venturi, and Harry Weese; and friends and colleagues at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and Knoll Associates. Also documented is Saarinen's business relationship with Midtown Galleries and Caresse Crosby, and publishers and publications including Child Life, Interiors, Otava Publishing Company, and Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc.

Writings and Notes document Saarinen's work on several children's publications, including Picture Book Zoo (1935) and Who Am I? (1946), through correspondence, notes, manuscript drafts, and extensive sketches. This series also includes Saarinen's ideas for other publications and incorporates some early writings and notes, as well as typescripts of her reminiscences about Eliel Saarinen, the Saarinen family, and the Cranbrook Academy of Art.

Diaries consist of bound diary volumes, loose-leaf journal entries, and heavily annotated engagement calendars, documenting Saarinen's personal life, artistic aspirations, and career development from the 1930s-1970s. This material provides a deeply personal view of the emotional landscape of Saarinen's life, her struggles to balance her identity as a working artist with the roles of wife, mother, and homemaker, and the complex, and often competing, relationships within the renowned architectural family into which she married.

Project files document Saarinen's work on book cover designs, federal and post office commissions in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, reliefs for the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois, and other important commissions including the Harbor National Bank Clock in Boston, Massachusetts, the KLM Airlines installation at JFK Airport, the Fountain of Noah sculpture at the Northland Center in Detroit, Michigan, and the interior of Toffenetti's restaurant in Chicago, Illinois. Also documented is her role in designs for the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, with Eero Saarinen.

Teaching files document Saarinen's "Language of Clay Course" which she taught at Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Financial records document exhibition and sales expenses for two exhibitions, including her show at G Place Gallery in 1944.

Printed material consists of clippings about Saarinen and her family, exhibition announcements and catalogs for herself and others, and reference files from the 1930s-1940s, primarily comprising clippings of animals.

Additional printed material documenting Saarinen's career can be found in one of two scrapbooks found in the collection. An additional scrapbook consists of clippings relating primarily to Saarinen's parents.

Artwork comprises extensive sketches, particularly animal and figure sketches, in graphite, crayon, ink, pastel, and watercolor. The sketches demonstrate in particular Saarinen's developing interest in and skill with animal portraiture from her childhood to the 1960s.

Photographs are primarily of artwork and Saarinen's 1944 exhibition at G Place Gallery. Also found are one negative of Saarinen, probably with Eero Saarinen, and a group photo including Lilian, Eero, and Eliel Saarinen with the model for the Detroit Civic Center, circa 1940s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1930s-1960s (3 folders; Box 1, OV 12)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920-1974 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 8, OV 12)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, 1920s-1973 (1.3 linear feet, Boxes 2-3, 8, OVs 13-16)

Series 4: Diaries, 1930-1973 (1.4 linear feet, Boxes 3-5, 8)

Series 5: Project Files, 1931-1966 (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 5-6, 8, OVs 17-19)

Series 6: Teaching Files, 1966-1970 (3 folders, Box 6)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1940s-1970s (2 folders, Box 6)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1930s-1970s (0.2 linear feet, Box 6)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, circa 1909-1974 (2 folders; Boxes 6, 9)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1920s-circa 1960s (1.7 linear feet, Boxes 6-7, 9-10, OVs 20-27)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1940s, 1977 (0.5 linear feet, Boxes 7, 11, OV 27)
Biographical / Historical:
Cambridge artist and sculptor, Lilian Swann Saarinen (1912-1995), studied at the Art Students League with Alexander Archipenko in 1928, and later with Albert Stewart and Heninz Warneke from 1934-1936, before moving to Michigan where she studied with Carl Milles at the Cranbrook Academy of Art from 1936-1940. Saarinen was an accomplished skier and a member of the 1936 US Olympic ski team.

At Cranbrook, Swann met architect Eero Saarinen, whom she married in 1939. She subsequently worked with Saarinen's design group on a variety of projects, including the Westward Expansion Memorial, which later became known as the "Gateway Arch" in St. Louis. Lilian and Eero had a son, Eric, and a daughter, Susie, before divorcing in 1953.

Saarinen, who had developed an affinity for drawing animals in childhood, specialized in animal portraits in a variety of sculptural media. In 1939, she exhibited her sculpture Night, which depicted Bagheera the panther from Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book, at the World's Fair. The sculpture was placed in the Boston Public Garden in 1986. In the 1930s and 1940s Saarinen was commissioned to work on a variety of architectural projects, including reliefs for post offices in Bloomfield, Indiana, Carlisle, Kentucky, and Evanston, Illinois, and the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois. She also executed commissions for the Harbor National Bank in Boston, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) at JFK Airport, the Northland shopping Center in Detroit Michigan, and Toffenetti's Restaurant in Chicago.

Saarinen was a contributing author and illustrator for a variety of publications, including Child Life, Interiors and Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly. In 1935 she illustrated Picture Book Zoo for the Bronx Zoo and in 1946 Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc. published Who Am I?, a children's book which Saarinen wrote and illustrated.

Saarinen taught ceramic sculpture to soldiers for the Red Cross Arts and Skills Unit rehabilitation program in 1945, served on the Visiting Committee to the Museum School at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, from 1959-1964, where she taught ceramics, and later taught a course entitled "The Language of Clay" at the Cambridge Art Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. One of Saarinen's private students at Cambridge was her cousin, Edie Sedgwick.

Saarinen died in Cohasset, Massachusetts, in 1995 at the age of 83.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels 1152 and 1192) including a scrapbook containing clippings, copies of letters and telegrams received, and reproductions of Saarinen's work. There is a copy of Saarinen's book, "Who Am I?", and three albums containing photographs of Saarinen, photographs and reproductions of her work, a list of exhibitions, quotes about her, and writings by her about sculpture. Lent material was returned to the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Lilian Swann Saarinen donated the collection in 1975. She lent additional materials for microfilming in 1976.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Women illustrators  Search this
Function:
Art commissions
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Diaries
Illustrations
Sketches
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.saarlili
See more items in:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97f1e4305-3886-479a-9db7-48c98fd8d2dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-saarlili
Online Media:

Storyboard for The Cat Who Was Different

Creator:
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1962
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19247
See more items in:
Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005 bulk 1960-2005
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19247
Online Media:

Storyboard for The Cat Who Was Different

Creator:
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1962
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19248
See more items in:
Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005 bulk 1960-2005
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19248
Online Media:

Storyboard for The Cat Who Was Different

Creator:
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1962
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19249
See more items in:
Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005 bulk 1960-2005
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19249
Online Media:

Blue Beard [book]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Advertiser:
McLoughlin Bros.  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper.)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Advertisements
Scope and Contents:
Pantomime Toybooks. Image of back cover of Blue Beard. Circa 1890. Note Aladdin at top left. Cinderella; ballerina. McLoughlin Bros. Cat. No. 60.255451
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0000060 (AC Scan No.: back cover of book.)
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Advertisements
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Children
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Children / 1: Publications for Children / Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8215bef8d-4e29-4cce-9970-3747d9a520cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-children-ref553

Austin Merrill Mecklem and Marianne Greer Appel papers, 1910-2009

Creator:
Mecklem, Austin Merrill, 1894-1951  Search this
Appel, Marianne, 1913-1988  Search this
Mecklem, Austin Merrill, 1894-1951  Search this
Subject:
Henson, Jim  Search this
Mecklem, Austin Merrill  Search this
Appel, Marianne  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Federal Works Agency  Search this
Albright Art School (Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Manuscripts
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Drawings
Topic:
Puppeteers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15858
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)293423
AAA_collcode_meckaust
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_293423
Online Media:

It Looked Like Spilt Milk

Creator:
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1947
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9200
See more items in:
Charles Green Shaw papers, 1833-1979, bulk 1909-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9200

The blue guess book: A young riddle book in pictures

Creator:
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1942
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9220
See more items in:
Charles Green Shaw papers, 1833-1979, bulk 1909-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9220

Dark is dark

Creator:
McCullough, John G., 1911-  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
McCullough, John G., 1911-  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1947
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9221
See more items in:
Charles Green Shaw papers, 1833-1979, bulk 1909-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9221

Illustrations for Black and white

Creator:
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
not after 1944
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9226
See more items in:
Charles Green Shaw papers, 1833-1979, bulk 1909-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9226

Scrapbook of illustrations for The Important Book by Margaret Wise Brown

Creator:
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Subject:
Brown, Margaret Wise  Search this
Type:
Albums
Date:
circa 1945
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)19839
See more items in:
Charles Green Shaw papers, 1833-1979, bulk 1909-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_19839

Das Buch der Dinge: Ein Bilderbuch für ganz kleine Kinder

Creator:
Seidmann-Freud, Tom, 1892-1930  Search this
Seidmann-Freud, Tom, 1892-1930  Search this
Subject:
Steinitz, Beate  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1924
Topic:
Animals  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15160
See more items in:
Kate Steinitz papers, circa 1910-2002
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15160

The illustrated alphabet of animals

Subject:
Thayer, Abbott Handerson  Search this
Thayer, Mary  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1851
Topic:
Animals  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15383
See more items in:
Abbott Handerson Thayer and Thayer Family papers, 1851-1999, bulk 1881-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15383

A day's sport

Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
not after 1858
Topic:
Cartoons (humorous images)  Search this
Children's literature  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15805
See more items in:
Herbert Barber Howe collection of photographs, engravings and printed material, 1808-1930
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15805

The Book-Dividend for March & April is "My Friend Flicka" and "Thunderhead" by Mary O'Hara

Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
ca. 1940-1946
Topic:
Horses  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)17544
See more items in:
John Steuart Curry and Curry family papers, 1848-1999
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_17544
Online Media:

Cover design sketch for Who Am I?

Creator:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Saarinen, Lilian Swann, 1912-1995  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
not after 1946
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)17572
See more items in:
Lilian Swann Saarinen papers, circa 1909-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_17572

Sketch of a seated man shaping a pot

Type:
Artworks
Date:
not before 1930
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Pottery craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12371
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12371
Online Media:

Doll Rosy's days

Creator:
Bates, Clara Doty, 1838-1895  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Bates, Clara Doty, 1838-1895  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1884
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13750
See more items in:
Doll Rosy's days / verses by Clara Doty Bates ; pictures by F. Childe Hassam, c1884
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13750

Rose Labrie papers, 1948- 2000

Creator:
Labrie, Rose, 1916-1986  Search this
Labrie, Rose, 1916-1986  Search this
Topic:
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6324
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)225871
AAA_collcode_labrrose
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_225871

No such animal

Creator:
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Shaw, Charles Green, 1892-1974  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
193-?
Topic:
Animals  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Poems  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10552
See more items in:
Charles Green Shaw papers, 1833-1979, bulk 1909-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10552

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