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Carl N. Werntz papers, 1910-1952

Creator:
Werntz, Carl N. (Carl Newland), 1874-1944  Search this
Werntz, Carl N. (Carl Newland), 1874-1944  Search this
Subject:
Ray, Man  Search this
Place:
Africa -- description and travel
Taiwan -- description and travel
Oceania -- Description and travel
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9699
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211927
AAA_collcode_werncarl
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211927

Oral history interview with Barbara Lee Smith, 2009 March 16-17

Interviewee:
Smith, Barbara Lee, 1938-  Search this
Smith, Barbara Lee, 1938-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Adams, Renie Breskin  Search this
Andu, Tadao  Search this
Beany, Jan  Search this
Buckley, Jane  Search this
Dunnewold, Jane  Search this
Govin, Jacquline  Search this
Howard, Constance  Search this
Hu, Mary Lee  Search this
Itter, Diane  Search this
Itter, William  Search this
James, Michael  Search this
Jensen, Jens  Search this
Karasz, Mariska  Search this
King, Bucky  Search this
Krug, Barbara  Search this
Lanou, Randall  Search this
Lawry, Jean Ray  Search this
Liakos, Avra  Search this
Liakos, Dimitri  Search this
Littlejohn, Jean  Search this
Nordsforsclark, Jill  Search this
Pemberton, John  Search this
Scherer, Deidre  Search this
Stahmer, Henry  Search this
Sudduth, Billie Ruth  Search this
Terkel, Studs  Search this
Timmons, Chris  Search this
Vallien, Bertil  Search this
Northern Illinois University  Search this
Rutgers University  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Australia -- description and travel
Great Britain -- Description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
New Zealand -- description and travel
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Embroidery  Search this
Fiber artists -- Washington -- Interviews.  Search this
Human potential movement  Search this
Theme:
Craft  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15658
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)282401
AAA_collcode_smith09
Theme:
Craft
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_282401
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Glen Kaufman, 2008 January 22-February 23

Interviewee:
Kaufman, Glen, 1932-  Search this
Kaufman, Glen, 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Shea, Josephine, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Allrich, Louise  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Cook, Camille J.  Search this
Grotell, Maija  Search this
Johnston, Meda Parker  Search this
Lambert, Ed  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor  Search this
Liebes, Dorothy  Search this
McCutchen, Earl  Search this
Page, Charlene  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Strengell, Marianne  Search this
Thompson, Bill  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Reserve Officers Training Corps  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Place:
Denmark -- description and travel
Europe -- description and travel
Illinois -- Chicago -- Description and travel
India -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Ohio -- Description and travel
Topic:
Art -- Japan -- Kyoto  Search this
Textile artists -- Georgia -- Athens  Search this
Textile artists -- Japan -- Kyoto  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16155
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366203
AAA_collcode_kaufma08
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_366203
Online Media:

Jerome Blum papers, 1915-circa 1969, bulk 1919-1935

Creator:
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Subject:
Blum, Frances  Search this
Dreiser, Theodore  Search this
Anderson, Sherwood  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Tahiti -- description and travel
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9565
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211766
AAA_collcode_blumjero
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211766
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Barbara Lee Smith

Interviewee:
Smith, Barbara Lee  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Northern Illinois University -- Students  Search this
Rutgers University -- Students  Search this
Adams, Renie Breskin  Search this
Andu, Tadao  Search this
Beany, Jan  Search this
Buckley, Jane  Search this
Dunnewold, Jane, 1954-  Search this
Govin, Jacquline  Search this
Howard, Constance  Search this
Hu, Mary Lee, 1943-  Search this
Itter, Diane, 1946-1989  Search this
Itter, William  Search this
James, Michael, 1949-  Search this
Jensen, Jens, 1860-1951  Search this
Karasz, Mariska, 1898-1960  Search this
King, Bucky  Search this
Krug, Barbara  Search this
Lanou, Randall  Search this
Lawry, Jean Ray  Search this
Liakos, Avra  Search this
Liakos, Dimitri  Search this
Littlejohn, Jean  Search this
Nordsforsclark, Jill  Search this
Pemberton, John  Search this
Scherer, Deidre, 1944-  Search this
Stahmer, Henry  Search this
Sudduth, Billie Ruth  Search this
Terkel, Studs, 1912-2008  Search this
Timmons, Chris  Search this
Vallien, Bertil, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
6 Items (Sound recording: 6 sound files (5 hr., 21 min.))
122 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Australia -- Description and Travel
Great Britain -- Description and Travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
New Zealand -- Description and Travel
Date:
2009 March 16-17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Barbara Lee Smith conducted 2009 March 16-17, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Smith's home, in Gig Harbor, Washington. Smith speaks of moving around a lot with her family as a child; most of her childhood memories in Cape May, New Jersey where she recalls an early love of the ocean; playing piano from early childhood through young adulthood and its continued influence in her visual art; attending Douglass College at Rutgers University where she graduated with a home economics major; the first time she saw an Abstract Expressionist exhibition in college and the memory of those paintings; her love of color through sunsets and music; learning machine embroidery as a young mother from a Better Homes & Gardens article in the 1960s; falling in love with embroidery and learning as much as she could about the art form; being influenced by artists such as Mariska Karasz and Constance Howard; taking initiative after the Human Potential Movement and started pursuing embroidery art full time; participating in local, national and international embroidery and craft guilds; her love of historic embroideries; receiving her MFA Northern Illinois University; various techniques from her early years of making that still find their way into her work today; teaching workshops and seminars as an adult education teacher for almost 40 years; the influence of traveling to places such as Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom has had on her work; early abstract works in comparison to her recent, more representational work; the role maps have played in a good portion of her work; her work process and rather painterly approach to creating; the love of making and creating; the challenge and problem-solving qualities of taking commissions; writing the book, "Celebrating the Stitch" and the subsequent exhibitions that traveled around the world; the use of layering in her work to create clear layers of color; a collaborative book project with fellow artist, Jane Dunnewold; various exhibitions she has participated in and curated; her studio in Gig Harbor, Washington; relocating to Washington after 30 years in Chicago, Illinois and the influence the move had on her work. Smith also recalls Jill Nordforsclark, Randall Lanou, John Pemberton III, Jane Buckley, Jean Ray Laury, Jens Jensen, Bucky King, Henry Stahmer, Mary Lee Hu, Barbara Krug, Diane and Bill Itter, Renie Breskin Adams, Dimitri and Avra Liakos, Michael James, Chris Timmons, Studs Terkel, Bertil Vallien, Deidre Scherer, Jan Beaney, Tadao Andu, Jacquline Govin, Jean Littlejohn, and Billie Ruth Sudduth among others.
Biographical / Historical:
Barbara Lee Smith (1938- ) is a mixed media artist known for sculptural drawings constructed from fabric and lives and works in Gig Harbor, Washington.
General:
Originally recorded as 6 sound files. Duration is 5 hr., 21 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Embroidery  Search this
Fiber artists -- Washington -- Interviews.  Search this
Human potential movement  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.smith09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smith09

Oral history interview with Glen Kaufman

Interviewee:
Kaufman, Glen  Search this
Interviewer:
Shea, Josephine, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Faculty  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Reserve Officers Training Corps  Search this
Allrich, Louise  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Cook, Camille J.  Search this
Grotell, Maija  Search this
Johnston, Meda Parker  Search this
Lambert, Ed  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor, 1927-2020  Search this
Liebes, Dorothy  Search this
McCutchen, Earl  Search this
Page, Charlene  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Strengell, Marianne, 1909-1998  Search this
Thompson, Bill  Search this
Extent:
12 Items (Sound recording: 12 sound files (5 hr., 29 min.))
86 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Place:
Denmark -- description and travel
Europe -- description and travel
Illinois -- Chicago -- Description and Travel
India -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Ohio -- Description and Travel
Date:
2008 January 22-February 23
Scope and Contents:
Oral history interview with Glen Kaufman conducted 2008 January 22 and February 23 by Josephine Shea, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America at Kaufman's home in Athens, Georgia.
Kaufman speaks of his childhood in Chicago; earning his B.A. in education in Wisconsin and meeting his wife; joining the ROTC and moving to Ohio; attending Cranbrook Academy of Art; living and studying in Denmark; traveling through Western Europe; working at the Liebes Studio in New York; teaching at Cranbrook for about 40 years; working in Japan; using metal leaf and wax in his art; moving from large to miniature textiles; his glove exhibition; visiting India; gallery exhibitions in Japan; the difference between university-trained artists and artisans; the impact of travel and international influences on his work; the art community in Kyoto; using Japanese dancers in his exhibitions; incorporating traditional Korean and Japanese materials and techniques into his work. Kaufman also recalls Charlene Page, Bill Thompson, Maija Grotell, Marianne Strengell, Dorothy Liebes, Jack Lenor Larsen, Meda Parker Johnston, Earl McCutchen, Ed Lambert, Mildred Constantine, Louise Allrich, Ed Rossbach, Camille Cook, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Glen Kaufman (1932- ) is a textile artist who lives and works in Athens, Georgia and Kyoto, Japan. Josephine Shea (1958- ) is curator of the Edsel & Eleanor Ford House in Detroit, Michigan.
General:
Originally recorded as 4 minidiscs as 12 digital sound files. Duration is 5 hr., 29 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
Topic:
Art -- Japan -- Kyoto  Search this
Textile artists -- Georgia -- Athens  Search this
Textile artists -- Japan -- Kyoto  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.kaufma08
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kaufma08

Carl N. Werntz papers

Creator:
Werntz, Carl N. (Carl Newland), 1874-1944  Search this
Photographer:
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Africa -- description and travel
Taiwan -- description and travel
Oceania -- Description and Travel
Date:
1910-1952
Scope and Contents:
Clippings with some photographs and printed materials documenting Werntz's career as an artist and his extensive travels. Clippings contain many travel articles written and illustrated by Werntz and his wife, Millicent. Among other travel-related items are their travel itinerary, an illustrated letter from 1929, reproductions of Werntz's travel sketches, and photographs (including seven portraits of him and his wife by Man Ray). Other materials consist of Werntz's resume, his obituary, several inventories of artwork from exhibits, and an illustrated catalog of his work exhibited at The Chicago Academy of Fine Arts.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, illustrator, educator, and world traveller; born in Illinois, died in Mexico. Studied painting with Alphonse Mucha. Founder of The Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. Between 1933 and 1944 he travelled around the world six times.
Provenance:
Donated by Freda West, 1989. West and her husband, Roy West, received the papers from Roy's aunt, Louise Newman West, who had received them from her sister, Millicent Werntz, Carl Werntz's wife.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Educators  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.werncarl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-werncarl

Jerome Blum papers

Creator:
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Names:
Anderson, Sherwood, 1876-1941  Search this
Blum, Frances, -1970  Search this
Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Tahiti -- Description and Travel
Date:
1915-circa 1969
bulk 1919-1935
Summary:
The papers of Jerome Blum measure 3.0 linear feet and date from 1915 to circa 1969, with the bulk of the material dating from 1919 to 1935. Biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, printed material, artwork, and photographs document the painter's personal and professional life, and extensive travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Jerome Blum measure 3.0 linear feet and date from 1915 to circa 1969, with the bulk of the material dating from 1919 to 1935. Biographical material, correspondence, writings and notes, printed material, artwork, and photographs document the painter's personal and professional life, and extensive travels.

Correspondence with friends, relatives, colleagues, publishers, galleries, museums, and collectors document Blum's personal and professional life. Noted correspondents include Sherwood Anderson and Theodore Dreiser.

Blum was an avid writer. He published several short stories, and recorded reminiscences, thoughts, and daily events in a series of notebooks. These notes were the basis for Life Answered, an unpublished autobiography (eventually, edited and completed by Frances Blum). Also included are extensive notes and writings on a variety of subjects, including his extensive travels to Tahiti. Writings by other authors consist of critical statements about Jerome Blum and some of Frances Blum's writings on Theodore Dreiser.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1915-1933 (4 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1915-1966 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1915-circa 1969 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1916-1965 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Artwork, circa 1920-1930 (2 folders; Box 3)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1915-1945 (6 folders; Box 3)
Biographical Note:
Jerome Blum (1884-1956) was a world traveler who found artistic inspiration while living in France and traveling to the American west, Hawaii, Japan, China, Cuba, and the South Seas (including a 10 month stay in Tahiti). Blum painted landscapes and seascapes of Southern France, and the many places he visited, as well as still lifes of exotic plants and fruits. He was living in Paris at the height of the Fauve movement and incorporated some of its ideas into his work, first inserting bold colors into his fairly conservative Post-Impressionist style. Later, he used significantly more saturated color, intense light, and bold forms.

Blum studied at the Francis J. Smith Art Academy in his native Chicago, and the Art Institute of Chicago. He went to Paris in 1906 with Lucile Swan, a sculptor and fellow student who eventually became his wife. There, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for a brief period, studying with Luc Olivier Merson. Blum remained in Paris until 1910, participated in the 1909 and 1910 Salons d'Automne and received exhibition offers from Galerie Sagot, Paris, and Anderson Galleries, New York. While in France, Blum knew expatriates Jo Davidson, Arthur Dove, Samuel Halpert, Alfred Maurer, and John Marin. Halpert became a mentor of sorts, instructing him in painting Post-Impressionist landscapes, to which Blum soon added Fauvist color.

Once back in Chicago, Blum developed close friendships with writers Sherwood Anderson, Theodore Dreiser, and Ben Hecht that lasted for decades. His one-man show at Thurber's Art Gallery in 1911 received very mixed reviews--most likely it was the first time the Fauve palette was seen by Chicagoans, and most thought it too radical. When the mayor purchased a Blum painting from a 1912 Art Institute of Chicago group exhibition, the proceeds enabled Blum to visit the American west. Later that year, Blum and Lucile Swan traveled in Europe. They were married in Paris and took an extended honeymoon, continuing to travel in France until the fall of the following year.

For a period of approximately 20 years, he exhibited extensively and enjoyed critical acclaim. During his many years of foreign residence, Blum returned to the United States periodically for exhibitions and family visits. He participated in a large number of solo exhibitions and group shows in the United States and France, including: Art Institute of Chicago, Arts Club of Chicago, O'Brien Galleries, and Albert Roullier Art Galleries in Chicago; Ainslie Galleries, Brooklyn Museum, Delphic Studios, Katz Gallery, M. Knoedler and Co., Whitney Museum of American Art, and Whitney Studio Club in New York; Worcester Art Museum and Boston Art Club in Massachusetts; Montlcair Art Museum in New Jersey; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia; and Galerie de la Renaissance in Paris. Blum is represented in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Blum returned to New York in 1924 and Lucile filed for divorce. An auction of his work was held at the Anderson Galleries that year; Augustus John, George Biddle, Chester Dale, M. Knoedler, Kraushaar Galleries, and Jo Davidson were among the successful bidders.

In 1925, he married Frances Baum, a psychiatric social worker. They settled in Dampierre, France for eight years, and during this period traveled extensively throughout the country. Always an unconventional and fiercely independent person, Blum's mental health was fragile and deteriorated markedly in the early 1930s, during which time his painting output decreased dramatically. The Blums spent part of 1934 at the MacDowell Colony in Petersborough, New Hampshire. Once his fellowship was over, they moved to Key West, Florida, where Blum became increasingly disturbed.

Blum was admitted to the Bloomingdale Hospital, a private psychiatric institution in White Plains, New York, in 1935. But after being diagnosed a "hopeless case," he was transferred to a state hospital. While hospitalized, Blum continued writing copious notes and made many appeals for release. He died at the Hudson River State Hospital, Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1956.
Separated Material:
Originals of loaned material, including typescripts of Sherwood Anderson's letters, most of Blum's Theodore Dreiser material, travel in China, scrapbooks, and drafts of portions of Life Answered - "Father and Mother," "Journal of the Last 20 Years," "Lucile," and "Marriage and Divorce" - were returned to Frances Blum after microfilming. Although this material is not technically part of the collection housed in the Archives of American Art, copies are available on microfilm reels D237 and D238.
Provenance:
The majority of the papers were donated or loaned for microfilming between 1965 and 1966 by Blum's widow, Frances Blum. A typescript copy of the final version of Life Answered was received in 1969.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Expatriate painters -- United States  Search this
Authors -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jerome Blum papers, 1915-circa 1969, bulk 1919-1935. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.blumjero
See more items in:
Jerome Blum papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blumjero
Online Media:

Eldzier Cortor Papers

Creator:
Cortor, Eldzier, 1916-  Search this
Names:
Anderson Gallery  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago -- Students  Search this
Kenkeleba House  Search this
Sylvan Cole Gallery  Search this
Anderson, Carol  Search this
Carracio, K.  Search this
Collier, Leontine L.  Search this
Driskell, David C.  Search this
Harrigan, Violetta C., 1941-  Search this
Lynch, Acklyn  Search this
Saar, Betye  Search this
Taha, Halima  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Collages
Diaries
Watercolors
Place:
Haiti -- description and travel
Date:
circa 1930s-2015
bulk 1972-2015
Summary:
The papers of painter and printmaker Eldzier Cortor measure 3.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 2015, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1972 to 2015. The papers contain biographical material, correspondence, professional files, exhibition and gallery files, writings, printed material, artwork, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and printmaker Eldzier Cortor measure 3.1 linear feet and date from circa 1930s to 2015, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1972 to 2015. The papers contain biographical material, correspondence, professional files, exhibition and gallery files, writings, printed material, artwork, and photographs.

Biographical material consists of awards certificates; Cortor's artist biography; an obituary and prayer cards for his father in law; an address book; and a Christmas list.

Correspondence includes letters from Cortor's family; correspondence with or about individuals or organizations; and general correspondence. Individuals included in the general correspondence are Acklyn Lynch, Leontine Collier, Violetta Harrigan, Halima Taha, David C. Driskell, Carol Anderson, and Betye Saar. Art institutions represented in this series include Sylvan Cole Gallery, Anderson Gallery, and Kenkeleba House.

Professional files include materials related to the Cosby Collection of Fine Arts; publishing; materials related to fake Cortor works; the Public School Mural Project; teaching files; lists of possible titles for paintings; financial documents; materials related to painting and etching plates for storage; and notes of museum and gallery contacts.

Exhibition and gallery files include correspondence; contracts and agreements; exhibition announcements; inventories; other exhibition materials; clippings; press releases; photographs and photocopied images of artwork; and photographs of exhibitions.

Writings consist primarily of essays and articles about Eldzier Cortor. Also included are his answers to a questionnaire about art, a diary, and notes, as well as hand-copied excerpts of reviews.

Printed material includes exhibition announcements, exhibition catalogs, newsletters, clippings, research and source material, and books.

Artwork includes ink and watercolor sketches from Cortor's time as a student at the Art Institute of Chicago. This series also includes additional sketches, sketchbooks, and a collage by K. Carracio.

Photographs depict Cortor, other individuals, his artwork, and exhibitions. There are also photographs from his time in Cuba and Haiti (circa 1950s).
Arrangement:
The Eldzier Cortor papers are organized into 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1947-2012 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1970-2015 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 3: Professional Files, 1960, 1972-2015 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet, OV 4)

Series 4: Exhibition and Gallery Files, 1972-2015 (Boxes 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 5: Writings, circa 1970s-2006 (Box 2; 8 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1940-1976, 1996-2015 (Boxes 2-3; 0.8 linear feet, OV 4)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1930s, circa 1970s-circa 1990s (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1939-2002, 2014 (Box 3; 0.5 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Eldzier Cortor (1916-2015) spent his professional career as a painter and printmaker in Chicago and New York. He was born in Richmond Virginia to John and Ophelia Cortor. In 1917, the family moved to Chicago along with countless other African Americans as part of the Great Migration.

In 1936, Cortor began taking evening classes at the Art Institute of Chicago prior to enrolling full time. Kathleen Blackshear, an instructor at the Institute, recommended Cortor for employment at the Works Projects Administration in 1940. It was under Blackshear's guidance that Cortor was introduced to African Art. The depiction of African Americans became the defining subject of Cortor's career, specifically the portrayal of the African American woman, which he commonly represented nude in paintings and prints.

In 1941, with funding by the Works Projects Administration, Cortor helped found the South Side Community Arts Center in Chicago. Over the next few years he would receive two Rosenwald Fellowships, which allowed him to travel to the Sea Islands of Georgia. Afterward, Cortor moved to New York, and in 1946 Life magazine published his work Southern Gate. In 1949 he received a Guggenheim fellowship, which provided the opportunity to travel to Cuba, Jamaica, and Haiti. He settled in Port-au-Prince, where he taught for two years.

Cortor married Sophia Schmidt on August 20, 1951, and they subsequently had four children: Michael, Mercedes, Stephen, and Miriam. His work has been exhibited at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Studio Museum of Harlem, and the National Center of Afro-American Artists in Boston. Notable exhibitions include Three Masters: Eldzier Cortor, Hughie Lee-Smith, and Archibald John Motley, Jr. at Kenkeleba House in 1988; Southern Gate: African American Paintings from the National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution at Duke University Museum of Art, 1999; Eldzier Cortor: Master Printmaker at the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, 2002; and Black Spirit: Works on Paper by Eldzier Cortor at the Indiana Art Museum, 2006.

Eldzier Cortor died in November of 2015, at the age of 99.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of materials lent for microfilming on reel N70-47, including biographical material, correspondence, printed material, papers related to exhibitions, photographs, and sketchbooks. Except for three photographs that appear in this collection (Box 3, Folder 19), loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Eldzier Cortor loaned materials to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1970 and donated papers in 2009. His son, Michael Cortor, gave additional materials in 2016.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Forgeries  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Cuba -- Description and Travel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Collages
Diaries
Watercolors
Citation:
Eldzier Cortor papers, circa 1930s-2015, bulk 1972-2015. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.corteldz
See more items in:
Eldzier Cortor Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-corteldz

LaSalle Street Station

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 3/8 in x 5 in; 8.5725 cm x 12.7 cm
Object Name:
snapshot
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Subject:
Train  Search this
Railroad Stations  Search this
Travel  Search this
ID Number:
2018.0068.0029
Catalog number:
2018.0068.0029
Accession number:
2018.0068
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-61af-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1891319

"Silver bean, silver bean, It's Christmas time in the city" holiday card

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 in x 4 in; 20.32 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
photographic holiday card
Made at:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date made:
2008
Subject:
Holidays and Celebrations, general  Search this
Travel  Search this
Children  Search this
Men  Search this
Women  Search this
City landscape  Search this
ID Number:
2017.0145.0022
Catalog number:
2017.0145.0022
Accession number:
2017.0145
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-ac2a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1864304

A Half Mile of Pork, Armour's Great Packing House, Chicago

Retailer:
Underwood & Underwood Illustration Studios  Search this
Publisher:
Strohmeyer & Wyman  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 7 in; 8.89 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
stereoview
stereocard
stereograph
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Associated place:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1894
Subject:
Travel  Search this
ID Number:
2008.3019.0065
Nonaccession number:
2008.3019
Catalog number:
2008.3019.0065
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-0d28-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1820473

Steamship Ticket Book Inman Line

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Object Name:
Ticket Book, Steerage
Date made:
1870s
Subject:
Voyages  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Wornom, Chicago, Illinois
ID Number:
TR.336928
Catalog number:
336928
Accession number:
1979.0398
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Transportation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-0b09-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1320209

Conductor's Cap, Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad

Physical Description:
cloth (bag material)
Object Name:
cap, conductor's
Subject:
Railroads  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Anna Spelbring
ID Number:
TR.335322.05
Catalog number:
335322.05
Accession number:
321812
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Work
Clothing & Accessories
Transportation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-79db-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_841963
Online Media:

Weather plays trick on Chicago, Illinois

Physical Description:
glass plate (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 in x 4 in; 12.7 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
glass plate negatives
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Subject:
Women  Search this
Chicago  Search this
Travel  Search this
ID Number:
PG.67.88.00719
Accession number:
270586
Catalog number:
67.88.00719
Publisher number:
CH506689
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-b408-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_756201

Passengers on a ship

Physical Description:
film/copy negative (overall material)
Measurements:
nitrate negative original: 9.8 cm x 12.3 cm; 3 27/32 in x 4 27/32 in
acetate copy: 12.5 cm x 17.5 cm; 4 29/32 in x 6 7/8 in
Object Name:
film negative
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Subject:
Ships  Search this
Men  Search this
Women  Search this
Travel  Search this
ID Number:
PG.67.88.00312
Catalog number:
67.88.00312
Accession number:
270586
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-a69e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_758487

Tuesday Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 5

Published by:
Tuesday Publications, Inc., American, 1965 - 1970s  Search this
Edited by:
William Leonard Evans Jr., American, 1914 - 2007  Search this
Subject of:
Henry Ossawa Tanner, American, 1859 - 1937  Search this
Illustrated by:
Thomas Eakins, American, 1844 - 1916  Search this
Owned by:
Avis Collins Robinson, American, born 1954  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 1/8 × 10 7/8 in. (33.3 × 27.6 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
January 1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Art  Search this
Business  Search this
Education  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.17.11.10
Restrictions & Rights:
© Tuesday Publications, Inc, 1971. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ddf949f0-adf6-41bd-ab09-9c1d0914c0bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.17.11.10
Online Media:

Tuesday Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 1

Published by:
Tuesday Publications, Inc., American, 1965 - 1970s  Search this
Edited by:
William Leonard Evans Jr., American, 1914 - 2007  Search this
Subject of:
Sisson Blanchard, Haitian, 1929 - 1981  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Owned by:
Avis Collins Robinson, American, born 1954  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 1/8 × 10 7/8 in. (33.3 × 27.6 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Portugal, Europe
Port-au-Prince, Quest, Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
September 1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Art  Search this
Business  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Politics  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.17.11.13
Restrictions & Rights:
© Tuesday Publications, Inc, 1971. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50fea2265-c121-413e-87f6-a79e159f8980
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.17.11.13
Online Media:

Tuesday Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 1

Published by:
Tuesday Publications, Inc., American, 1965 - 1970s  Search this
Edited by:
William Leonard Evans Jr., American, 1914 - 2007  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Sisson Blanchard, Haitian, 1929 - 1981  Search this
Owned by:
Avis Collins Robinson, American, born 1954  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 1/8 × 10 7/8 in. (33.3 × 27.6 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Portugal, Europe
Port-au-Prince, Quest, Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
September 1971
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Art  Search this
Business  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Politics  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.17.11.14
Restrictions & Rights:
© Tuesday Publications, Inc, 1971. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ee49d695-2aa0-4d51-8d7b-cd4f74f451d6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.17.11.14
Online Media:

Tuesday Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 5

Published by:
Tuesday Publications, Inc., American, 1965 - 1970s  Search this
Edited by:
William Leonard Evans Jr., American, 1914 - 2007  Search this
Subject of:
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Avis Collins Robinson, American, born 1954  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 1/4 × 11 in. (33.7 × 27.9 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
January 1970
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Business  Search this
Education  Search this
Foodways  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.17.11.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© Tuesday Publications, Inc, 1970. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd523ccc519-5b43-4187-9d98-beecc42caaef
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.17.11.3
Online Media:

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