These papers document Erdman's field work in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea and include a journal and account book; notes, lists, and collection data; and color photographs,
slides, and negatives.
Donald S. Erdman served as a Scientific Aid in the Division of Fishes, United States National Museum (USNM), from 1947 to 1950. In 1948, Erdman participated in a fisheries
survey of the Persian Gulf and Red Sea under the auspices of the Arabian American Oil Company, on which he collected nearly 5,000 fishes for the USNM.
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
This collection consists of portions of a manuscript written by Osborn while on board the Victor, a fishing vessel owned by Joseph O. Proctor, Jr., as an observer
in the summer of 1879. The schooner set out from Gloucester, Massachusetts, and continued up the coast to fish off the banks of Newfoundland, Canada. Seven sections document
the activities of the crew during their passage including the nationality of the crew, the crew at home, the routine of daily life on board, the routine of daily life while
fishing off the banks, pastimes on board ship, the routine of life at baiting stations, and superstitions of the fishermen. A table of contents and list of illustrations are
included, but the illustrations themselves are not contained in this copy of the manuscript.
Osborn records his own misconceptions about sailors as well as the facts he encounters aboard the Victor. Included are the figures for the summer trip, as an example
of computing methods, supplied by the owner, Joseph O. Proctor, Jr., an example of a popular ballad sung by the fishermen and their opinions.
The manuscript was later published in sections IV and V of The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States (1887) with John Templeman Brown as Associate
Author and George Brown Goode as Editor.
Henry Leslie Osborn (1857-1940) was born in Newark, New Jersey. He received his A.B. from Wesleyan University in 1878, and the next year he became an agent with the
United States Fish Commission. In 1881, Osborn returned to the classroom, and in 1884 he received his Ph.D. in zoology from the Johns Hopkins University. For the remainder
of his career Osborn devoted himself to college life, first as a Professor of Zoology at Purdue University and later as Professor, Dean of the Faculty, and eventually Acting
President of Hamline University.
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Search this
2.69 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (1 16x20 box)
This accession consists of records documenting the administration of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH). Materials include correspondence
and memoranda; travel grant, fellowship, and membership information; annual meeting program and abstracts; announcements; financial reports; meeting minutes; committee information;
and photographs of ASIH members.
This accession consists of three departmental websites as they existed in 2007. All were replaced by redesigned websites during the spring and summer of 2007. It is
unknown when any of the three websites were first made available to the public.
The Department of Invertebrate Zoology website features information about staff research, departmental collections, and the history of the department. It also includes
departmental newsletters, staff biographies, and information for visiting scientists.
The Department of Mineral Sciences website features information about departmental research, collections, programs, laboratories, exhibitions, and seminars as well as staff
The Department of Vertebrate Zoology website includes information for visiting scientists, fellows, volunteers, and interns; the departmental newsletter, "Backbone;" and
staff biographies. The website also includes a subsection for each of the four divisions within the department, Division of Fishes, Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, Division
of Birds, and Division of Mammals. Each subsection includes information about departmental research, collections, loans, programs, and policies as well as information for
visiting scientists and for the public.
This accession includes papers covering the entire span of James C. Tyler's career as an ichthyologist, including his tenure at the National Air and Space Museum, as
Acting Director, and at the National Museum of Natural History, as Associate Director, Deputy Director and Senior Scientist. Materials include correspondence files and related
personal papers, photographs, autobiographical materials, expedition records and other project files.
Rosa Smith Eigenmann, one of the first female ichthyologists, was born in Monmouth, Illinois in 1858, the youngest of nine children. Her family later moved to California
where Rosa finished her secondary schooling at Point Loma Seminary. In California she took an interest in the natural history of the area and joined the San Diego Society
of Natural History. She began to collect, observe and identify local species of animals and birds.
Soon after Rosa discovered the bling goby (Othonops eos) in the Point Loma Peninsula, San Diego, she met ichthyologist David Starr Jordan in 1879. Impressed, Jordan
encouraged Rosa to come study with him at Indiana University. She spent two years there before having to go home to help with an illness in her family. However, before she
left Jordan introduced her to a German student of his named Carl H. Eigenmann who was in the process of getting his doctorate in ichthyology.
Now back in San Diego, Rosa began formally describing and publishing on various species of blind goby and other fish, and she also continued to correspond with Carl Eigenmann.
By the time Rosa and Carl were married on August 20, 1887, Rosa had published nearly 20 papers. The two were curators at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco
before going to Harvard to study the Agassiz fish collections. Additionally they spent a great deal of time in South America collecting and studying fresh water fish. Some
150 species of fish are credited to Rosa and Carl. Rosa passed away in 1947.
This accession consists of correspondence documenting the research and collecting of Rosa Smith Eigenmann and her husband Carl H. Eigenmann. The correspondence is from
other scientists at universities across the United States, as well as from the Smithsonian Institution and the United States National Museum which received specimens from
Rosa. Correspondents include Spencer Fullerton Baird and Samuel Henshaw. There is also a substantial amount of correspondence between Rosa and Carl's daughter Adele Eigenmann
and her husband John Oliver Elier. Some materials date from after the death of Rosa. Materials include correspondence, photographs, notes, postcards, clippings, and publications.
circa 1814-1897 and undated, with related materials to 1925
The bulk of the George Brown Goode Collection (Record Unit 7050) predates the establishment of the present-day Smithsonian Institution Archives. A small addition of
autograph letters was received from the Division of Political History, National Museum of American History in 1983 under accession number 83-081.
The George Brown Goode Collection provides partial documentation of his professional career and personal life. The collection is strongest in documenting his research
on fishes and fisheries. His administrative career at the United States National Museum, his theories on museums, and his historical research are documented to a lesser extent.
Goode's correspondence is found in three separate series. He assembled a large collection of autograph letters and signatures of scientists, government officials, diplomats,
artists, literary figures, and socialites. The autograph collection represents a good part of Goode's official and professional correspondence since most of the letters were
removed from his files. He also acquired letters and signatures of many historical figures. Series 2 consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence relating to Goode's professional
career. Included are letters documenting his activities in professional societies; his career at Wesleyan University; and his research on the history of science.
Incoming correspondence with several of the leading ichthyologists of the 19th century is a part of a large group of collected materials on fish and fisheries. Also included
are voluminous notes, lists, manuscripts, statistics, news clippings, maps, and drawings relating to Goode's ichthyological research. Other records documenting Goode's work
on fish and fisheries include publications, news clippings, memorabilia, and related materials collected during his service at the Great International Fisheries Exhibition
in London in 1883; and manuscripts, drafts, and research data from his unpublished ichthyological bibliography.
The remainder of the collection consists of assembled materials relating to Goode's professional career and his personal life. Included are scrapbooks and notebooks maintained
during his childhood, college days, and early career; biographical materials on Goode including obituaries, memorials, and news clippings; collected manuscripts, notes, photographs,
and drawings relating to most aspects of his professional work; and an unpublished manuscript on the history of American science.
Goode's career at the USNM is thoroughly documented in several record units in the Smithsonian Archives. Researchers interested in his work as Assistant Director and Assistant
Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum should consult Record Units 54, 112, and 189. Record Unit 54 also contains records concerning his work for the United
States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. Goode's role in international expositions can be examined in record unit 70.
George Brown Goode (1851-1896), ichthyologist and museum administrator, was born in New Albany, Indiana. His childhood was spent in Anenia, New York, where he developed
a strong interest in natural history. He entered Wesleyan University at Middletown, Connecticut, in 1866, and was graduated in 1870. In 1870, Goode was admitted to Harvard
University for a year of post-graduate study under Louis Agassiz. The following year he received an invitation from Wesleyan to undertake the arrangement and direction of
the newly established Judd Museum of Natural History. He retained his official connection with Wesleyan until 1877.
In 1872, Goode met Spencer F. Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and United States Fish Commissioner. Baird invited him to work as a volunteer collector
for the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (USCFF). Goode accepted and became Baird's chief pupil and assistant. For the next several years, Goode spent his summers
collecting fishes off the Atlantic coasts of Long Island, Florida, and Bermuda. In 1873, he was appointed Assistant Curator in the United States National Museum (USNM), a
position he retained until 1877 when his title was changed to Curator. In 1881, when the new USNM building was completed, Goode was promoted to Assistant Director. On January
12, 1887, Goode was appointed Assistant Secretary in charge of the USNM and he remained the chief administrative officer of the Museum until his death in 1896.
Goode's primary scientific interest was ichthyology, and he published both scientific and popular works on fish and fisheries. After receiving an appointment at the USNM,
Goode continued to work for the USCFF in various capacities. He acted as statistical expert for the Halifax Fishery Arbitration Commission, 1877-1878; chief of the Fisheries
Division of the Tenth Census, 1879-1880; and United States Commissioner at the Fisheries Exhibitions in Berlin,1880, and in London, 1883. After the death of Spencer F. Baird
in 1887, Goode assumed the position of Fish Commissioner until January, 1888.
Goode has been described as the father of the modern American museum. Through his administration of the USNM and writings on the subject, Goode served as a strong advocate
of the role of museums in the education of the general public. Shortly after he was appointed Assistant Director in 1881, Goode issued Circular No. 1 of the National Museum,
which set forth a comprehensive scheme of organization for the museum. He oversaw a period of tremendous growth at the USNM. Under his direction museum staff grew from thirteen
to over 200 and specimens increased from two hundred thousand to over three million. Goode published several articles geared toward the museum professional including "Museum
History and Museums of History," 1888; "Museums of the Future," 1890; and "Principles of Museum Administration," 1895.
A logical extension of Goode's talents was his service at many of the international expositions held during the latter part of the nineteenth century. In fact, Goode's
work designing the Smithsonian exhibits at the Centennial Exposition of 1876 helped to plant the ideas that would blossom in his organization of the USNM in the early 1880s.
Goode is generally credited with applying museum theories to expositions and helping to " . . . widen their scope from the merely commercial and industrial to the educational
Goode was also a historian, bibliographer, and genealogist. He studied the history of American science and produced several papers on the subject. These included "The Beginnings
of Natural History in America," 1886; "The Beginnings of American Science: The Third Century," 1888; and "The Origin of the National Scientific and Educational Institutions
of the United States," 1890. He also planned, edited, and wrote several chapters of the posthumously published "The Smithsonian Institution, 1846-1896: The History of Its
First Half Century, 1897." He compiled bibliographies of several prominent naturalists, and his "Virginia Cousins," 1887, was considered a model genealogy.
In addition to the standard biographical memoirs, an excellent discussion of Goode and his work is found in Edward P. Alexander's "Museum Masters," 1984.
February 13, 1851 -- Born in New Albany, Indiana
1870 -- Graduated, Wesleyan University
1870-1871 -- Graduate work, Harvard University under Louis Agassiz
1871-1877 -- Curator of the Orange Judd Museum of Natural History, Wesleyan University
1872 -- Met Spencer F. Baird in Eastport, Maine
1872-1878 -- Made collections of Atlantic Coast fishes for U.S. Fish Commission
1873 -- Elected member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
1873-1878 -- Assistant Curator, U.S. National Museum
1876 -- Installed Smithsonian exhibits at the Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia
1876 -- Published "Catalogue of the Fishes of the Bermudas"
1877 -- Employed by Department of State on statistical work for Halifax Commission
1877-1881 -- Curator, U.S. National Museum
1879 -- Published "Catalogue of the Collection to illustrate the Animal Resources and the Fisheries of the United States"
1879-1880 -- Directed U.S. Fish Commission survey of American fisheries for 10th census
1880 -- U.S. Commissioner, Berlin International Fisheries Exposition
1881 -- Issued Circular No. 1 of the U.S. National Museum
1881-1887 -- Assistant Director, U.S. National Museum
1883 -- U.S. Commissioner, Great International Fisheries Exposition, London
In the late 1870s, George Brown Goode began to compile information for a complete bibliography of ichthyology, including the names of all genera and species published
as new. He continued to work on the project until his death in 1896. The work was never published. This series consists of Goode's manuscript and research data from his contemplated
bibliography. The material is arranged alphabetically by author or publication.
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7050, George Brown Goode Collection