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George Grant MacCurdy photograph collection of skeletal material from the Peruvian Highlands

Collector:
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Extent:
100 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Peruvian human skeletal remains, mostly skulls, possibly from the Bingham Expedition.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Grant MacCurdy (1863-1947) was an archeologist and physical anthropologist. He studied at Harvard University and Yale University, and in Vienna, Paris, and Berlin. For over thirty years, MacCurdy was a professor and curator of anthropological collections at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. In 1921, MacCurdy cofounded the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies, which trained students how to conduct archeological investigations at prehistoric sites.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-31
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of skeletal material from Peru can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 73-26C, and Photo Lot 83-41.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-31, George Grant MacCurdy photograph collection of skeletal material from the Peruvian Highlands, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-31
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-31

Donald J. Ortner Papers

Creator:
Ortner, Donald J.  Search this
Names:
Paleopathology Association  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Department of Anthroplogy  Search this
University of Bradford  Search this
Frohlich, Bruno, 1945-  Search this
Putschar, Walter G. J., 1904-1987  Search this
Extent:
44.37 Linear feet (96 boxes, 3 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Place:
Virginia
England
Jordan
Peru
Date:
1963-2013
Summary:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers, dated 1963 to 2013, document his research and professional activities while working in the Division of Physical Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History. They primarily deal with his contributions to the field of paleopathology and his work with specimens from Bab edh-Dhra, Jordan and Chichester, England. The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence, files related to Ortner's publications, specimen observations and analysis, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers primarily document his projects, research, and correspondence working as a biological anthropologist in the Division of Physical Anthropology of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 until his death in 2012. The bulk of the projects represented relate to his work in paleopathology, such as the Near Eastern skeletal biology program in Jordan and the medieval skeletal disease project in England. The collection consists of notes, research materials, correspondence, data and data analysis, transcripts of specimen observations, maps, blueprints, artwork, negatives, slides, photographs, CD-Roms, floppy discs, and sound cassettes.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 8 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1966-2012; Series 2. Subject files, 1965-2013, undated; Series 3. Near Eastern Skeletal Biology Program, 1977-2010, undated; Series 4. Medieval Skeletal Disease Project, 1988-2006, undated; Series 5. Other publications, projects, and research, 1963-2011, undated; Series 6. Professional activities, 1971-2007, undated; Series 7. Biographical and office files, 1963-2011, undated; Series 8. Artwork, 1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Donald J. Ortner was a biological anthropologist in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). By the time of his death, Ortner had served in many positions at the Museum, including Acting Director (1994-1996). His areas of expertise included human paleopathology, human health in medieval England, bioarcheology of the ancient Near East, and the history and evoluton of human infectious diseases. Ortner was a founding member of the Paleopathology Association.

Ortner was born in 1938 in Stoneham, Massachusetts and arrived at the NMNH in 1963, working primarily with J. Lawrence Angel who had recently started as Curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology. While working at the Museum, Ortner completed his Master's in Anthropology in 1967 and received his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas in 1970. His doctoral dissertation was on The Effects of Aging and Disease on the Micromorphology of Human Compact Bone.

Ortner worked with Walter G. J. Putschar, a pathologist based at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, on a series of short-courses (1971-1974) on paleopathology at the Smithsonian. During the summer of 1974, Putschar and Ortner traveled to Europe (London, Edinburgh, Zurich, Strasbourg, Vienna, Prague) studying and photographing examples of skeletal pathology in museums and other repositories. The result of this research was the book Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains published in 1981, with later editions in 1985 and 2003.

In 1977, Ortner joined the Expedition to the Dead Sea Plain directed by archaeologists Walter E. Rast and R. Thomas Schaub, focusing on the site of Bab edh-Dhra. Ortner studied the tombs and skeletons for data indicating cultural and biological changes, especially urbanization and connection to the development of other "Western civilizations." Ortner participated in two more field seasons in Bab edh-Dhra in 1979 and 1981. From his research at Bab-edh-Dhra, Ortner published many scholarly articles and recreated two tombs for the Hall of Western Civilization at NMNH.

In 1988, Ortner began his collaboration with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England, teaching short-courses on paleopathology. While a Visiting Professor at the University, he also participated in a project on human health and disease in Medieval England. The project focused on leprosy and syphilis in skeletons from St. James Hospital's leprosarium cemetery in Chichester, Wharram Perry, and Magistrates' Court in Kingston-upon-Hull. He received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from the University in 1995.

Donald J. Ortner died on April 29th, 2012 in Maryland.

Sources consulted:

Ubelaker, D. H. "Obituary: Donald J. Ortner (1938–2012)." American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149 (2012): 155–156.

Arnoldi, Mary Jo and Ann Kaupp. "Donald J. Ortner, Sr. (1939-2012)." Anthropolog: Newsletter of the Department of Anthropology, Spring 2012: 1-3.

Chronology

1938 -- Born on August 23 in Stoneham, Massachusetts.

1960 -- Received B.A. in Zoology from Columbia Union College in Takoma Park, Maryland.

1963 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1967 -- Received M.A. in Anthropology from Syracuse University.

1969 -- Promoted to Assistant Curator.

1970 -- Received Ph.D. from the University of Kansas.

1971 -- Promoted to Associate Curator.

1971-1975 -- Taught part-time at the University of Maryland.

1974 -- Spent summer with Dr. Walter G. J. Putschar studying pathological specimens in Europe.

1976 -- Promoted to Curator in the Anthropology Department, National Museum of Natural History.

1977 -- First field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1979 -- Second field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1981 -- Third field season at Bab edh-Dhra cemetery site in Jordan.

1988 -- Began association with the University of Bradford in Bradford, England.

1988-1992 -- Chairman of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History.

1994-1996 -- Acting Director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1995 -- Awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Science degree from the University of Bradford.

1999-2001 -- President of the Paleopathology Association.

2005 -- Received Eve Cockburn Award from the Paleopathology Association in recognition of his contributions in the field of paleopathology.

2012 -- Died on April 29 in Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following photo lots depicting Donald J. Ortner can be found at the NAA:

Photo Lot 7D: Photograph of attendees after American Anthropological Association annual meeting, 1965

Photo Lot 7A: Portraits made at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1970

Photo Lot 77-45: Photograph of Smithsonian Institution physical anthropologists, circa 1977

Photo Lot 4822: Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, undated

Sound recordings of Donald J. Ortner at the NAA:

John Lawrence Angel Papers, Sound Recordings, "How Humans Adapt: A Biocultural Odyssey," November 9, 1981

Other collections at the NAA in which Donald J. Ortner is a correspondent or creator of material:

Records of the Department of Anthropology, 1877-1980

Department of Anthropology Annual Reports, 1920-1983

John Lawrence Angel Papers, 1930s-1980s

Three films that document Ortner's work in Bab edh-Dhra are located in the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA):

Film number 2000.9.1, The Bones of Bab edh-Dhra, ca. 1970s

Film number 2000.9.3, Bab edh-Dhra Film Project, 1970-1980

Film number 2014.3, City of the Dead, 1978

The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the original City of the Dead in Accession 05-282, Office of Telecommunications, Productions.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 2014.
Restrictions:
The Donald J. Ortner Papers are open for research.

Access to the Donald J. Ortner Papers requires an appointment.

Requests to view forensic files are subject to review by the NAA. Forensic files can only be viewed in the National Anthropological Archives reading room. No copies are permitted unless permission is granted by the agency the report was written for.

Electronic records are unavailable for research. Please contact the reference archivist for additional information.

Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropologists -- United States  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Middle East  Search this
Scurvy  Search this
Leprosy -- Research  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Bāb edh-Dhrā Site (Jordan)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- England  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Paleopathology  Search this
Bronze age  Search this
Chichester (England)  Search this
Diseases  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Manuscripts
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Citation:
Donald J. Ortner Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2014-07
See more items in:
Donald J. Ortner Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2014-07

Website Records

Topic:
Osteoware: Standardized Skeletal Documentation Software (Website)
Osteoware (Software)
Creator::
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Electronic records
Date:
2012
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the "Osteoware: Standardized Skeletal Documentation Software" website as it existed on December 5, 2012. The website, much of which was developed by the National Museum of Natural History, Repatriation Osteology Lab, includes a history of the software, a user forum, user manuals, and software documentation. Materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Web sites  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Natural history museums  Search this
Forensic osteology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology) -- Repatriation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-171, National Museum of Natural History, Website Records
Identifier:
Accession 13-171
See more items in:
Website Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa13-171

Website Records

Topic:
Osteoware: Standardized Skeletal Documentation Software (Website)
Osteoware (Software)
Creator::
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Electronic records
Date:
2016
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the "Osteoware: Standardized Skeletal Documentation Software" website as it existed on February 4, 2016. The website, much of which was developed by the National Museum of Natural History, Repatriation Osteology Lab, allows users to download the free software. It also includes a history of the software, a user forum, user manuals, and software documentation. The software download, as captured by the web crawler, may be incomplete or may not function as expected. Materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Natural history museums  Search this
Web sites  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Forensic osteology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology) -- Repatriation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-188, National Museum of Natural History, Website Records
Identifier:
Accession 16-188
See more items in:
Website Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa16-188

O.T. Littleton prints and negatives

Creator:
Littleton, O. T. (Otis T.)  Search this
Extent:
6 acetate negatives (5 x 7 inches.)
35 Photographic prints (gelatin silver.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Acetate negatives
Photographic prints
Gelatin silver prints
Black-and-white negatives
Photographs
Date:
1938
1953
Summary:
This collection is comprised of 35 gelatin silver prints and 6 acetate negatives taken in 1938 and 1953 by Otis T. Littleton at various archaeological excavations in southern California, including Los Angeles County, Ventura County, Colusa County and Kern County. The majority of the images depict human remains and are restricted.
Arrangement note:
Prints: organized in folders; arranged by image number.

Negatives: organized in individual sleeves; arranged by image number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Otis T. Littleton was an archaeologist who conducted excavations in California. His "finds" were generally believed to be the result of honest fieldwork, but most have turned out to be forgeries and fantasy pieces, with misrepresented provenance.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Restricted: cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- California  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gelatin silver prints
Black-and-white negatives
Photographs
Citation:
O.T. Littleton prints and negatives, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.023
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-023

A biohistory of 19th-century Afro-Americans : the burial remains of a Philadelphia cemetery / Lesley M. Rankin-Hill

Title:
Biohistory of nineteenth-century Afro-Americans
Author:
Rankin-Hill, Lesley M  Search this
Subject:
First African Baptist Church Cemetery (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 203 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1997
19th century
Topic:
African Americans--History  Search this
African Americans--Antiquities  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
History  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_534976

Forensic archaeology a global perspective edited by W.J. Mike Groen, Nicholas Márquez-Grant and Robert C. Janaway

Editor:
Groen, W. J. Mike  Search this
Márquez-Grant, Nicholas 1976-  Search this
Janaway, R. C  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2015
Topic:
Forensic archaeology  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Criminal investigation  Search this
Humans  Search this
Archaeology--methods  Search this
Forensic Anthropology--methods  Search this
Body Remains  Search this
Bone and Bones--injuries  Search this
Homicide  Search this
Violence  Search this
War Crimes  Search this
MEDICAL--Forensic Medicine  Search this
MEDICAL--Preventive Medicine  Search this
MEDICAL--Public Health  Search this
Call number:
GN69.8 .F67 2015 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1146096

Sabaloka (West Bank) Research Project

Author:
Varadzinová, Lenka, 1977-  Search this
Varadzin, Ladislav  Search this
Garcea, Elena A. A  Search this
Kapustka, Katarína  Search this
Řidký, Jaroslav, 1976-  Search this
Sůvová, Zdeňka  Search this
Juřičková, Lucie  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Sudan
Date:
2017
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery, Prehistoric  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DT154.1 .S833
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1099293

The geologic relations of the human relics of Lansing, Kansas with an editorial on the antiquity of man in America : and a review on Kakabikansing J.V. Brower ; T.C. Chamberlin

Author:
Chamberlin, Thomas C (Thomas Chrowder),) 1843-1928  Search this
Author:
Chamberlin, Thomas C (Thomas Chrowder) 1843-1928einscriber  Search this
Saville, Marshall H (Marshall Howard),) 1867-1935  Search this
Huntington Free Library  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Brower, J. V (Jacob Vradenberg) 1844-1905 Kakabikansing  Search this
Physical description:
745-793 pages illustrations 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Kansas
Lansing
Lansing (Kan.)
Date:
1902
Topic:
Archaeological geology  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F683 .C43 1902
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1012063

Bioarchaeology of the American Southeast : approaches to bridging health and identity in the past / edited by Shannon Chappell Hodge and Kristrina A. Shuler

Editor:
Hodge, Shannon Chappell  Search this
Shuler, Kristrina A. 1967-  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 302 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southern States
United States
Date:
2018
Topic:
Anthropometry  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110146

Bioarchaeological analyses and bodies : new ways of knowing anatomical and archaeological skeletal collections / Pamela K. Stone, editor

Editor:
Stone, Pamela Kendall  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 248 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm
Type:
Catalogs and collections
Date:
2018
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Social archaeology  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Human skeleton--Analysis  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)--Social aspects  Search this
Human skeleton--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110179

Reading the bones : activity, biology, and culture / Elizabeth Weiss

Author:
Weiss, Elizabeth  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 183 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2017
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Human biology  Search this
Human skeleton--Analysis  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110501

Investigations in sex estimation : an analysis of methods used for assessment / Donna Harrison

Author:
Harrison, Donna  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 430 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2019
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Forensic osteology  Search this
Anthropometry  Search this
Ilium--Sex differences  Search this
Maxilla--Sex differences  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Sex determination, Diagnostic  Search this
Sex (Biology)  Search this
Sex determination  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110625

Bioarchaeologists speak out : deep time perspectives on contemporary issues / Jane E. Buikstra, editor

Editor:
Buikstra, Jane E.  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 334 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2019
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Paleoanthropology  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105196

The painting of human bones among the American aborigines by Aleš Hrdlička

Author:
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943  Search this
Physical description:
pages cm
Type:
Books
Place:
North America
Date:
1905
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Human skeleton  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Indians--Social life and customs  Search this
Bone and Bones  Search this
Culture  Search this
Tattooing  Search this
Call number:
E58 .H74 1905
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_988289

Surgery and superstition in neolithic times by A.W. Buckland

Author:
Buckland, Anne Walbank  Search this
Author:
Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland  Search this
Physical description:
14 pages 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1881
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Neolithic period  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Skull--Surgery  Search this
Trephining  Search this
Call number:
GN477.7 .B83 1881
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_988718

The bioarchaeology of violence / edited by Debra L. Martin, Ryan P. Harrod, and Ventura R. Pérez ; foreword by Clark Spencer Larsen

Author:
Martin, Debra L (Professor of Biological Anthropology)  Search this
Harrod, Ryan P  Search this
Pérez, Ventura R  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 291 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2012
C2012
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Violence--History  Search this
Wounds and injuries--History  Search this
Social archaeology  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
War and society--History  Search this
Call number:
CC79.5.H85 B555 2012
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_991656

Notes on the skeleton of an aboriginal Australian by A. Macalister

Author:
Macalister, Alex (Alexander)  Search this
Physical description:
pp. [63]-65 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Australia
Date:
1877
Topic:
Aboriginal Australians--Anthropometry  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Call number:
QM101 M33 1878
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_991740

Certain Caddo sites in Arkansas by M.R. Harrington

Author:
Harrington, M. R (Mark Raymond) 1882-1971  Search this
Physical description:
349 pages, 137 [id est 138] pl. (part folded~|~|~ including maps) color illustrations 17 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Arkansas
Date:
1920
Topic:
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Caddo Indians--Antiquities  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Indians of North America--Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Call number:
E51 .I393 no. 10
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_940165

Additional mounds of Duval and of Clay counties, Florida mound investigation on the east coast of Florida. Certain Florida coast mounds north of the St. Johns River by Clarence B. Moore, 1896

Title:
Certain Florida coast mounds north of the St. Johns River
Mound investigation on the east coast of Florida
Author:
Moore, Clarence B (Clarence Bloomfield) 1852-1936  Search this
Physical description:
71 pages, II pl illustrations, folded map 17 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Florida
Clay County
Duval County
Saint Johns River Region
Clay County (Fla.)
Duval County (Fla.)
Saint Johns River Region (Fla.)
Date:
1922
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)  Search this
Indians of North America--Antiquities  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Mounds  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_941356

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