Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
240 documents - page 1 of 12

Bainbridge Island -- The Fisken Garden

Landscape designer:
Price, Charles  Search this
Withey, Glen  Search this
Provenance:
Seattle Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Fisken Garden (Bainbridge Island, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- Kitsap County -- Bainbridge Island
Scope and Contents:
The folder contains a work sheet, garden features plan, and magazine clippings.
General:
The house was built as a summer house prior to 1919. The garden plan consists of simple outlines to harmonize with the design of the house. No one feature stands out as a focus. A wide stance of lawn dotted with flowering shrubs and trees sits in front of the house. At the back of the house, a wide open terrace overlooks Puget Sound. Since the creation of the garden, more flower beds have been added. The gardens are planted out with northwest natives along with bulbs and perennials common to an English garden.
Persons associated with the garden include: Alexander McEwen (former owner, 1912-1940); David Adams (courtyard in front of house); and Charles Price & Glen Withey (landscape designers, flower beds).
Related Materials:
The Fisken Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (11 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Bainbridge Island  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA032
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb60d9e4c65-eb7e-4486-8f05-8ac42e7cf168
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11408

Tacoma -- Thornewood

Former owner:
Thorne, Chester Mr Mrs  Search this
Palmer, Perry  Search this
Palmer, Connie  Search this
Architect:
Cutter, Kirkland Kelsey  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Provenance:
Tacoma Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Thornewood (Tacoma, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- Pierce County -- Tacoma
Scope and Contents:
The folders include work sheets and copies of articles.
Reproduction Note:
Three slides reproduced from American Country Houses To-Day; six slides reproduced from hand-colored photographs by Asahel Curtis; four slides reproduced from collections in Washington State Historical Society; one slide reproduced from House Beatuiful (1926); and three slides reproduced from Lewis and Shelon Plate (1921).
General:
A 400 year old Elizabethan manor in England was purchased by Mr. Thorne and dismantled and shipped brick by brick from England to be included in the building of Thornewood. Thornewood, built in 1911, once covered 100 acres, from the American Lake shore to the Tacoma Country and Golf Club. The mountain served as the inspiration for the landscape design. "The mountain at a distance has been brought into the picture by means of long, horizontal lines, by the general contrivance of walks, borders, boundary walls, by the preservation of certain natural trees..." (Howe, 1915) The garden terminated with two arbors united with balustrades. A Japanese garden was planted in two corners near a water garden. Most of the estate was divided into 30 home sites in 1959. In 1982, the house was named to the National Register of Historic Places. By 1988, the property was reduced to three acres on the lake. The current owners use the house, "Thornewood Castle," and property as a bed and breakfast.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. Chester Thorne (former owner, 1910-1927 ); Perry and Connie Palmer (former owners, 1965-1988?); John C. Olmsted of Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects (landscape architect, 1910).
Tacoma Garden Club facilitated the documentation of the 1990s photographs of this garden.
Related Materials:
Thornewood related holdings consist of 2 folders (35 35 mm. slides, 12 photoprints and 43 glass lantern slides)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03494, Chester Thorne.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62a47bcef-790d-4432-92cd-2a7e4bbc16ce
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11425

Charleston -- William Gibbes Garden

Provenance:
The Palmetto Garden Club of South Carolina  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- Charleston
William Gibbes House (Charleston, South Carolina)
Scope and Contents:
31 digital images (2011, 2018), 1 lantern slide, and 1 35mm slide and 3 file folders. Other documents about the property and garden design plans are included in folder 3.
General:
In 1928 Cornelia Roebling commissioned landscape architect Loutrel Briggs to design formal gardens for her late 18th century Georgian-style home that would incorporate the spirit of the past and utilize local plant and hardscape materials. His design for this one acre property came to be known as the Charleston Garden Style that he replicated successfully many times. The current owner is restoring and enhancing Briggs' design with eleven distinct rooms, all behind screens formed by 19th century high brick walls and tall plants. The rooms are linked by shell flagstone or brick axial walkways with repeated colors, plant materials and shapes creating harmony. Magnolias, cedars, live oaks, crepe myrtles, palms, hollies, cypress, pittosporum, yew, boxwood, camellias, azaleas, liriope, mondo grass and ferns are repeated in many garden rooms, with pink, purple or white flowers predominating. The lawn garden to one side of the main residence is surrounded by shell walkways edged in brick with borders planted with conifers, hydrangeas, azaleas, boxwood, privet, tall hollies, and a large magnolia. The restored old garden that predates Briggs has four boxwood parterres planted with roses with a birdbath in the center. The three-foot pond with ogee corners has a pyramid-shaped boxwood in each corner, seasonal beds inside the wall with boxwood edging, island beds planted with camellias and mondo grass, and a small terrace with a bench off to one side shaded by wisteria. Cedars and crepe myrtles also provide shade in warm weather. A brick, unroofed summer house built in the 19th century by owner John Grimke Drayton has an 18th century marble entablature and is draped with white roses.

Next to the summer house along the brick wall there is a new garden with two formal diamond- shaped beds planted in purple and white and two beds with magnolias. The east-west axial long walk behind the house was broken up by a later 25-foot square swimming pool; it is bordered by brick columns connected by chains draped with yellow roses and a pittosporum hedge clipped like waves. In the pool garden there are Meyer lemon standards, yoshino cherries, and verbenas. The court garden terrace behind the house is bordered by beds with camellias, ferns, liriope, aspidistra, mondo grass and ferns growing in brick walls. Beds alongside the drive and around the parking area feature a mature live oak, azaleas, roses, crepe myrtles and seasonal plantings that complement the pink stucco walls of the guest house. The old brick privy court is used for storage and for growing tomatoes, with a white picket fence atop a low brick wall. A trellis planted with confederate jasmine and a row of Italian cypress mark the transition to the citrus garden on the site of the old drying yard. There are grapefruit, kumquat, orange and lemon trees planted in two rows of octagonal beds, repeating the formal design of the parterre gardens. The property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Persons associated with the garden include: William Gibbes and family (former owners, 1772-1794); Sarah Moore Smith family and descendants (former owners, 1794-circa 1885); J.B.E. Sloan family and descendants (former owners, 1885-circa 1928); Cornelia W. Roebling family and descendants (former owners, 1926-1984); Historic Charleston Foundation (former owner, 1984-1986); Mr. and Mrs. Jefferson Leath (former owners, 1986-1996); Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Trainer (former owners, 1996-circa 2006); Loutrel Winslow Briggs (1893-1977) (landscape architect, 1928); Dr. Eugene Johnson (landscape designer, 2018).
Related Materials:
See also the Eleanor Weller Collection for a 35mm reproduction of SC074001.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- South Carolina -- Charleston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File SC074
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69bff1ee8-82ed-4a32-9e6f-148ecf66f00f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12460

Untitled Garden

Creator:
Weller, Eleanor C.  Search this
Whaley, Ben Scott  Search this
Whaley, Emily  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
South Carolina -- Charleston
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Charleston County -- Charleston
Date:
04/01/1984
General:
Further sources of information include: Verey, Rosemary and Samuel, Ellen. The American Women's Garden. A New York Graphic Society Book, Brown & Company, Boston. House Beautiful Magazine. Unidentified Publications. The garden is 50' x 50'. Typical Charleston Garden, long, narrow space is divided into areas.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Box  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC044001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC044: Charleston -- Untitled Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6608bac1e-5ca8-4af0-bd73-d21b370d8f58
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12686

Untitled Garden

Creator:
Weller, Eleanor C.  Search this
Whaley, Ben Scott  Search this
Whaley, Emily  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
South Carolina -- Charleston
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Charleston County -- Charleston
Date:
04/01/1984
General:
Further sources of information include: Verey, Rosemary and Samuel, Ellen. The American Women's Garden. A New York Graphic Society Book, Brown & Company, Boston. House Beautiful Magazine. Unidentified Publications. The garden is 50' x 50'. Typical Charleston Garden, long, narrow space is divided into areas.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Houses -- brick  Search this
Walkways, stone  Search this
Stone lanterns  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Tulips  Search this
Chairs  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC044002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC044: Charleston -- Untitled Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6ec14a6ae-52de-4bc0-ab3d-ada83f2f7140
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12687

West Lake Hills -- David-Peese Garden

Photographer:
Druse, Kenneth  Search this
Designer:
David, James deGrey  Search this
Peese, Gary  Search this
Architect:
Coote, James Robert  Search this
Lamb, Paul  Search this
Lawrence, Mell  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
David-Peese Garden, (West Lake Hills, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Travis -- West Lake Hills
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a planting list, lecture notes, and articles featuring the property of James David.
General:
This two-acre garden in West Lake Hills, a suburb of Austin, Texas is based on classical and Texas garden traditions and designed by a professional landscape architect and horticulturist. The garden has evolved and expanded since its inception in 1978. The garden mixes formal and informal, modern and traditional elements through a series of garden rooms. Strong directional paths and architectural elements unify an otherwise eclectic style.
Features include a swimming pool, greenhouse, dovecote, gravel terrace, pond with limestone terrace bisected by a runnel leading to it, dining terrace, lawn, French-inspired garden and a vegetable garden. Plantings include agaves, bambusa, clematis, ilex, and pollarded sycamores.
Persons associated with the garden include: Robert James Coote (architect, 1979); Paul Lamb (architect, 1988); Mell Lawrence (architect, 2003 and 2007); James deGrey David (owner, landscape architect, 1978- ); Gary R. Peese (owner, 1978 - ).
Related Materials:
David-Peese Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (48 slides; 325 transparencies; 36 digital images)
See others in:
Ken Druse garden photography collection 1978-2005.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- West Lake Hills  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX115
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb612a14276-14d6-46ff-9468-4911de6f19bc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13523

Burrowsville -- Brandon

Former owner:
Harrison, Nathaniel  Search this
Daniel, Robert Williams  Search this
Architect:
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Landscape architect:
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Virginia -- Burrowsville
Brandon (Burrowsville, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Prince George County -- Burrowsville
Scope and Contents:
Folders include worksheets, brochures, and copies of articles.
General:
The Brandon tract was patented by James Martin, a son of Sir Richard Martin, of England, who in 1616 was granted ten shares of land by the Virginia Company. The tract was named after the town of Brandon in Suffolk, England. In 1909, the landscape consisted of informal flower beds and tall trees--many of which were previously imported from the West Indies. A box hedge was at a height of four feet near the house on the north side. Box also bordered the garden walks, interlined with chains of cowslips and daffodils. Broad, grassy walks were located between lilac and althea hedges. By 1934, the gardens showed some rectangular and square divisions with paths bordered by old box. In the 1960s, Brandon Farm consisted of 4,500 acres, of which 1,500 was under cultivation. Twelve families lived on the property during this time, with 15 men employed.
Persons associated with the property include: John Martin (owner of land grant, 1616); John Sadler, Richard Quiney, and William Barber (former owners, 1637); Benjamin Harrison, II. (former owner, 1712); Nathaniel Harrison (former owner, 1720); Robert Williams Daniel (former owner, 1926);Thomas Jefferson (designer of additions and center for house, ca. 1765); and Arthur Shurcliff (landscape architect).
Related Materials:
Brandon related holdings consist of 2 folders (38 35 mm. slides)
See others in:
Hollerith Collection, ca. 1970?
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Burrowsville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA010
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66011fbf9-e9e2-4785-ae06-280fa80d71ab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18797

Forest -- Poplar Forest

Architect:
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Landscape architect:
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Former owner:
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Jefferson, Martha Wayles Skelton, 1748-1782  Search this
Hutter family  Search this
Watts, James O., Jr. Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Poplar Forest (Forest, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Bedford County -- Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles about the site, site plans, brochures, and additional information about the house and garden.
General:
Situated between Lynchburg and Bedford, Virginia, Poplar Forest was a nearly 5,000-acre plantation inherited by Thomas Jefferson and his wife Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson from her father, John Wayles, in 1773. Martha Jefferson died in 1782, and it was only in 1806 that Thomas Jefferson began to design and build the Palladian-influenced house and gardens that still exist today. Serving as a retirement retreat during Jefferson's lifetime, the property was sold in 1828, two years after his death. It remained in private ownership until 1983, when a nonprofit corporation acquired it and began a process of archaeological and documentary research leading to its ongoing restoration. Jefferson's landscape design featured a circular road lined by paper mulberry trees, earthen mounds flanking the house, oval shrub beds, and a sunken lawn. Native trees, such as the tulip poplars from which the property takes its name (several of which survive from Jefferson's time), were planted throughout the grounds. The three images in the Archives of American Gardens' collection document the property at the time when it was still a private residence owned by the Hutter family and somewhat altered from Jefferson's original design. In addition, land sales over the years have reduced the size of the property to a mere fraction of its original size.
Persons associated with the property include Thomas Jefferson (architect, landscape architect, former owner, 1773-1826); Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson (former owner, 1773-1782); the Hutter family (former owners, ca. 1828-1946); and Mr. and Mrs. James O. Watts, Jr. (former owners, 1946-1983).
Related Materials:
Poplar Forest related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA068
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6019f343b-0ba6-49dd-8ed8-5fab1a2cc47a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18821

Tacoma -- Lakewold

Landscape architect:
Church, Thomas Dolliver  Search this
Architect:
Platt, William, 1897-1984  Search this
Platt, Geoffrey  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Washington -- Pierce County -- Tacoma
Lakewold (Tacoma, Washington)
Scope and Contents:
13 4 X 6in. photographic prints, 11 postcards, approximately 88 35mm slides (originals and reproductions), and 2 folders. Folder 1 includes extensive information about the garden (newspaper clippings, annual meeting brochures, etc.), correspondence between Mrs. Corydon Wagner, a copy of a 1930 booklet created by the Tacoma Garden Club for the 1930 Garden Club of America annual meeting, and Eleanor Weller and research on findings for the Olmsted Brothers.
Biographical / Historical:
Eulalie Merrill (1904-1991) was born on October 16, 1904 in Seattle to Dwight and Eula Lee Merrill. She was an avid golf player who held The Pacific Northwest Ladies title for three straight years. She and Corydon Wagner acquired the Lakewold property in 1938 and gardening became more important than golf. She received the Garden Club of America Medal of Merit in 1968, the Montague Award in 1978, the Creative Leadership award in 1984, and the Zone Horticultural Achievement Award also in 1984. Mrs. Wagner gave the gardens to The Friends of Lakewold, an organization with the specific purpose of assuming responsibility for its care.
Varying Form:
Inglewood, formerly known as.
General:
Located on ten acres, this garden is a collection of several gardens surrounding a Georgian home on Gravelly Lake in Lakewold, a suburb of Tacmoa. Mr. and Mrs. Cordydon Wagner purchased the estate in 1938. The perimeter fence, gate and brick walkway were part of the early design. However, the original designer is unknown. In the 1950s, landscape architect Thomas Church redesigned the gardens to include a quatrefoil-shaped swimming pool, a shade garden around a 200-year-old Douglas fir (considered a "wolf" tree), a lookout to the rock gardens, waterfalls and pools leading to the lake. Church discouraged the development of a rock garden since it would cause the neglect of the formal areas, but Mrs. Wagner insisted.

The property is dominated by giant Douglas Fir trees and features an extensive collection of rhododendron. It features a brick walkway leading to a vine-covered summer house. The walk is bordered by boxwood parterres, one shaped in a quatrefoil which repeats the design of the swimming pool. The pool is on an axis with a view of Mt. Rainier framed by trees across Gravelly Lake. The garden also features an Elizabethan knot garden planted with herbs, a rock garden, and an exotic tree collection. When the garden was redesigned in the 1950s by Thomas Church, 200 firs were felled to balance the woods with the openess of the site. Dressing rooms and a kitchen were added to the teahouse and gazebo, the port-cochere was removed from the house and a motor court was added to accomodate space for twenty cars, and a glassed-in room with a Plexiglass roof was added to the side of the house that faced the swimming pool.

Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Alexander (former owner, before 1924), Mrs. Evertt Griggs (former owner, 1924), Mr. and Mrs. Corydon Wagner, Jr. (former owner, 1938), The Friends of Lakewold Foundation (owner, circa 1989), Thomas Church (landscape architect, 1953)

There is no direct connection between Mr. and Mrs. Alexander and the Olmsted firm. A tenuous link may exist through E.C. Griggs (job number 3725). Mr. Everett Griggs wrote to the Olmsted firm, specifically to James Dawson, in January of 1911, sending them a topographical survey, which he had prepared for the property. He noted that he had been in touch with Alex MacDougall, superintendent of the Thorne estate who had worked on several Olmsted gardens in the area. The next letter in the file is from May 1923 from Alex MacDougall (working in the Highlands in Seattle) to James Dawson.
Related Materials:
Related materials are located with Mrs. Wagner's family, Tacoma Public Library, and Washington Historical Society.
Provenance:
Extensive garden documentation compiled by Eleanor Weller for the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. Updates were made by Mrs. Joseph L. Carman, III of Tacoma, Washington.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Tacoma  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb641ebd512-80de-49f6-823d-e040b1fa3d28
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32630

Newport -- The Whim

Landscape architect:
Thayer, Raymond  Search this
Gardener:
Brown, T. J.  Search this
Brown, Timothy  Search this
Ford, Jerica  Search this
Property manager:
Baptista, Anne  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Whim (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles, historic photographs, and landscape architect's plans, transcripts of interviews, and other information.
General:
The Whim is a seaside New England garden comprised of flower and shrub borders and a sunken quadrangle planted along the foundation walls of demolished greenhouses, with follies, sculptures, steps to the ocean planted with lavender, and swaths of lawn. The walls and privet hedges trimmed to calibrated heights protect the flowers from the salt spray and winds off the ocean while not blocking the view. The 3.4 acre property has other garden areas surrounding the lawns, including a border of bright blue Nikko hydrangeas that are fed aluminum sulfate, a crabapple border, a shed draped with a climbing rose, a secret garden with kousa dogwood and viburnum, and a shady garden walk alongside the house. Garden areas are named for the animal and other sculptures that are featured, including a heron by Walter Matia in the heron quadrangle, eagles at the head of the eagle borders, and rabbits copied from the ones that were at Chateau-sur-Mer, a Newport mansion.
This property was once part of a larger property that had gardens designed by Beatrix Farrand for her aunt, the author Edith Wharton. The Evangeline climbing rose that covers the tool shed was transplanted from the Wharton garden many years ago, and renamed the Miss Newport rose by the owner. Friends and associates have contributed design ideas and artifacts to this garden: the mushroom shaped garden furniture once belonged to a friend, the gazebo was purchased and installed by one of the gardeners, and the steps were fabricated from discarded Newport curbing.
Persons associated with the garden include Raymond Thayer, (landscape architect, 1968-present); T. J. Brown and Timothy Brown, (gardeners, 1952-present); Anne Baptista (property manager, 1989-present); and Jerica Ford (gardener, 2007-present).
Related Materials:
The Whim related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI174
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d3426fad-e24f-4a62-9083-5dbc422745e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10574

Osprey -- Historic Spanish Point

Former owner:
Webb, John  Search this
Webb, Elizabeth  Search this
Guptill, Frank  Search this
Guptill, Lizzie Webb  Search this
Palmer, Bertha Honoré, 1849-1918  Search this
Palmer family  Search this
Landscape designer:
Duchêne, Achille, 1866-1947  Search this
Favretti, Rudy J., 1932-1923  Search this
Grounds supervisor:
Prentiss, William  Search this
Architect:
Shepard, Herschel  Search this
Historian:
Matthews, Janet Snyder  Search this
Archaeologist:
Almy, Marion  Search this
Conservator:
Maseman, John  Search this
Horticulturist:
Lichtenstein, Nancy  Search this
Groundskeeper:
Lichtenstein, Nancy  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Sarasota  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Historic Spanish Point (Osprey, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Sarasota County -- Osprey
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, brochures, booklets, maps, plant lists, copies of correspondence, and additional information about the history of the site, the gardens and the Palmer family.
General:
This 30-acre site is a unique environmental, archaeological, and historic preserve on the shores of Little Sarasota Bay. It was inhabited by Native Americans for 5,000 years, then briefly by the Spanish, and then by pioneers in the mid-19th century. Between 1910 and 1918 it was the home of Mrs. Potter Palmer of Chicago, who developed the gardens between 1912 and 1918 (the property remained in the Palmer family until 1980 when the site was donated to the Gulf Coast Heritage Association, Inc.). The Palmer-era gardens are one focus of the property today, along with historic and environmental preservation. Mrs. Palmer made "Osprey Point" her winter retreat and a self-sufficient plantation, adding and restoring buildings, walkways, an aqueduct, gardens, and more with architectural features typical of her era. In addition, she bought hundreds of additional acres for farming and investment. She preserved the lovely natural setting of native trees and lush greenery, while adding exotic ornamentals, fruits, and vegetables so capably that new plantings have been basically unnecessary since.
Persons associated with the garden include: John and Elizabeth Webb (former owners, 1867-1911); Frank and Lizzie Webb Guptill (former owners, 1901-1911); Mrs. Potter Palmer (former owner, 1910-1918); the Palmer family (former owners, 1918-1980); Achille Duchêne (landscape designer, 1912-1918); William Prentiss (grounds supervisor, 1917); Rudy J. Favretti (landscape designer, 1990); Herschel Shepard (project restoration architect, late 1980s); Janet Snyder Matthews (project historian, late 1980s); Marion Almy (project archaeologist, late 1980s); John Maseman (conservator, late 1980s); and Nancy Lichtenstein (horticulturist and groundskeeper, 1997 to date).
Related Materials:
Historic Spanish Point related holdings consist of 2 folders (13 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Osprey.  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File FL095
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6343767fb-bcd9-4763-9e20-6252fdf8af9f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11971

Tryon -- High Holding

Former owner:
Holt, Ellen Hubbard  Search this
Webster, Elizabeth  Search this
Landscape architect:
Flanders, Annette Hoyt  Search this
Architect:
Wolcott, Russell S.  Search this
Meriweather, Shannon  Search this
Provenance:
The French Broad River Garden Club Foundation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
High Holding (Tryon, North Carolina)
United States of America -- North Carolina -- Polk County -- Tryon
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet; photocopies of the original garden plan, landscape architect's report and a planting invoice; and photocopies of articles about the house and garden.
General:
This 3.5-acre garden is located in Tryon, North Carolina, 45 miles south of Asheville in a thermal belt that has less severe winters than most of the mountains. True to North Carolina tradition the house and garden are laid out with the view as the focal point, in this case a back view over the garden and walls to Hog Back Mountain across the valley. The property falls off steeply in back and is held in place by a 20-foot retaining wall that serves as a boundary for the back of the garden. Today the garden is maintained only on the upper level by the house and is still planted with myrtle and ivy as planned in 1939. The remainder of the garden has been allowed to naturalize. There is also an additional one-acre plot across the street from the house which, although not maintained as a garden, affords the entire property remarkable privacy.
Persons associated with the garden include: Ellen Holt (former owner, 1939-1992); Elizabeth Webster (former owner, 1939-1992); Annette Hoyt Flanders (landscape architect, 1939-1940); Russell S. Wolcott (architect, 1938-1939); and Shannon Meriweather (architect, 1938-1939).
Related Materials:
High Holding related holdings consist of 1 folder (6 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- North Carolina -- Tryon  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NC050
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / North Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d91bdb6e-59b7-4d6c-8051-88c8062dbc52
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12979

Chevy Chase -- Marsh Garden

Former owner:
Weaver, John  Search this
Mcafarland, Horace, Commander  Search this
Cross, John W.  Search this
Glassie, Charles  Search this
Architect:
Heaton, Arthur B., 1875-1951  Search this
Landscape architect:
Greely, Rose, 1887-1969  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Marsh Garden (Chevy Chase, Maryland)
United States of America -- Maryland -- Montgomery County -- Chevy Chase
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and other information.
Varying Form:
Cross Garden, formerly known as.
General:
Located on three-quarter acres in suburban Maryland was laid out in 1929 by Rose Ishbel Greely (b.1887-d.1969), the first licensed female landscape architect in Washington DC. Three terrace levels were built alongside the house to accommodate the sloping site, surrounded by low stone walls and with stone steps between levels. A pool with a fountain jet was installed at the terminus of level three and cast stone benches were placed along the side walls. Now mature trees growing outside the walls including pin oak, tulip magnolia, elm and overgrown mock orange keep the area shady in summer. Climbing hydrangea, English ivy and moss cover the walls. Azaleas, roses and iris add color to the garden and pachysandra is used as a ground cover inside and outside the walls.
Outside the walled garden the rest of the property has been planted lawn except during the ownership of Dr. Charles Whitman Cross (1854-1949). A retired geologist, Cross designed a rose garden, planting two thousand bushes and hybridizing new roses, including the deep crimson rambler called the "Chevy Chase" rose as well as roses named "Hon. Lady Lindsay"and "Mrs. Whitman Cross." In the late 1920s Dr. and Mrs. Cross founded the local chapter of the American Rose Society known as the Potomac Rose Society.
This garden was originally documented in the 1930s, at that time it was identified as the Cross Garden.
Persons associated with the garden include) Mr. and Mrs. John Weaver (former owners, 1899-1915); Commander and Mrs. Horace Macfarland (former owners, 1915-1924); Dr. and Mrs. Charles Whitman Cross (former owners, 1924-1945); Mr. and Mrs. Charles Glassie (former owners, 1945-1954); Mr. and Mrs. Richard Marsh (former owners, 1954-2013); Arthur Heaton (architect, 1899); Rose Ishbel Greely (landscape architect, 1929).
Related Materials:
Marsh Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (3 photographic prints and 29 digital images)
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland collection, 1900-1962.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maryland -- Chevy Chase  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MD042
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maryland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6fd42eaf4-cb41-4d75-8a08-eeb81af98916
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14170

Dayton -- Little Woods

Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen Biddle, 1869-1950  Search this
Former owner:
Mead, George H. Mrs  Search this
Provenance:
Dayton Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Little Woods (Dayton, Ohio)
United States of America -- Ohio -- Montgomery County -- Dayton
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and magazine and newspaper articles.
General:
Little Woods is an intimate flower garden consisting of descending terrace garden with a wall of Ohio and Indiana limestone. It was not designed to be a showplace, but rather a welcoming area for famiy and friends to congregate and enjoy the outdoors. The property included fountains, tennis and squash courts, riding stables, and a peach orchard. A spring garden contained bulbs, red bud, primrose and marquerites among boxwood borders. After many owners, the garden were not maintained and the stables, pool, and tennis courts became unusable. In 2005, the property was subdivided and a road was installed. The original home is being restored. The terrace garden immediately behind the home and the front yard are all that is left of the property.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: George H. and Elsie Mead (former owners, 1923-1961); and Ellen Biddle Shipman (landscape architect, 1923).
Related Materials:
Little Woods related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Ohio -- Dayton  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File OH006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Ohio
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d434d473-7606-417b-aeec-6afad099edee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref15508

Philadelphia -- Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper's Garden

Former owner:
Pepper, B. Franklin Mrs.  Search this
Ballard, Ernesta Drinker  Search this
Ballard, Fredrick  Search this
Architect:
Willing and Sims  Search this
Landscape architect:
Willing and Sims  Search this
Provenance:
Wissahickon Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Pepper, Mrs. B. Franklin, Garden (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, garden plans, and photocopies of articles about the garden.
General:
This house and garden in the Chestnut Hill section of Philadelphia were designed together in a European/French revival style by Willing and Sims, Architects (later Willing, Sims, & Talbutt) in 1919. Descriptions of the site, which is noted both for its architectural importance and garden design, have been published many times. The garden is a fine example of the blending of inside and outside with clever use of space detail and levels. Although the site is comparatively small (ca. 150' x 200') it incorporates considerable variety and includes a rock garden, a woodland garden, a pergola, a miniature orangery and greenhouse, a bonsai collection, lawns, and terraces. Over the years the garden has remained faithful to its original design and the wishes of its original owner and namesake, Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper (former owner, 1919-ca. 1950); Ernesta Drinker Ballard and Fredrick Ballard (former owners, 1950-1998); and Willing and Sims (architects and landscape architects, 1919).
Related Materials:
Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper's Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (20 35 mm. slides; 3 glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA030
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb65c3a5c0a-0e21-4c9d-a64f-e5900791d677
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16515

Philadelphia -- Krisheim

Former owner:
Woodward, Gertrude  Search this
United Presbyterian Church  Search this
Woodward, George, Dr.  Search this
Ornamental ironwork designer:
Yellin, Samuel  Search this
Creator:
Mercer, Henry  Search this
Sculptor:
Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901-1998  Search this
Selmer-Larsen, Johan  Search this
Landscape designer:
Fleming, Robert  Search this
Schneider, Nina  Search this
Landscape architect:
Dawson, James F. (James Frederick), 1874-1941  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Krisheim (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopy of articles and a DVD entitled, "John Selmer Larsen: The Truth of All Things Natural."
Varying Form:
Woodward Garden, formerly known as.
General:
The landscape design was planned for this property by the original owners and landscape architect James Frederick Dawson, consulting for 15 years before the half-timbered Jacobean Tudor mansion was finished. During that time Krisheim was an arboretum open to the public who could "respect the trees and shrubbery". Their vision was to create a garden suburb in the city comprising a densely wooded entrance with a long driveway leading to parkland in front of the house, sweeping lawns directly behind the house to give an unobstructed view of the Wissahickon Valley, formal gardens on three levels beside the house, more private lawn below as well as cutting and vegetable gardens, and woodland gardens. The massed trees and native Wissahickon schist used throughout for walls, paths and the house itself were to give the impression of a woodsy retreat rather than the great estate they actually built. The original 40 acre property has been reduced to 14 acres and beginning in 1988 features of the original Olmsted Brothers hardscape and plantings have been restored.
At the top level of the formal garden there is a long pool used for swimming laps, fed from the wall fountains above that are run by a contemporary recycling pump. Dogwood trees are espaliered on the Wissahickon schist wall behind the pool which has cantilevered steps so workers could climb in from the service area on the other side of the wall. A wooden arbor and benches in an alcove above that wall recently were rebuilt following the original Olmsted Brothers designs. The second level of the formal garden has a rectangular reflecting pool in the center planted with iris and tulips, with Walter K. Hancock's sculpture "Boy with Squirrel" placed on the rim of the pool. Four parterres surrounding the pool contain dogwood and crabapple trees with bordering boxwoods and clusters of arborvitae at the corners of the pool. The lowest level walled garden was designed for contemplation with a long bench and two large specimen euonymus trees. In the wall behind the bench a saying from the Songs of Solomon is carved: "Awake O North wind and come south. Blow upon my garden that the spices thereof may flow out." Walkways in the formal terraces are brick with a mosaic stone path at the upper level.
Other features include a log house copied from a vacation house in Wyoming under tall pine woodlands and a tea house at the end of a newly planted hydrangea walk at one side of the second formal terrace. Additional benches and Adirondack chairs are placed under the trees in the front park and around a fire pit. Artifacts from the Arts and Crafts era include a Moravian tile floor in the tea house depicting symbols of the zodiac, containers for planting, Samuel Yellin ironwork, and a bronze sculpture of a boy with a ball sited under the arbor, by Johan Selmer-Larsen.
Persons associated with the garden include Dr. George and Gertrude Woodward (former owners, 1895-1961); United Presbyterian Church (former owner, 1961-1983); Peabody & Stearns (architects, 1910-1911); James Frederick Dawson (1874-1941) (independent and with Olmsted Brothers) (landscape architect, 1895-1910); Samuel Yellin (ornamental ironwork designer); Henry Mercer (Moravian ornamental tiles in the tea house and house); Walter K. Hancock (1901-1998) (sculptor); Johan Selmer-Larsen (1876-1967) (sculptor); Robert Fleming (landscape designer, 1988-1989); Nina Schneider (landscape designer, 2011-2012).
Related Materials:
Krisheim related holdings consist of 2 folders (1 lantern slide, 9 photographic prints mounted on board and 51 digital images)
Additional materials also located in Olmsted Archives, Brookline, Massachusetts (job number 03223).
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland company collection, 1899-1974.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA213
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb67cd94566-f8c5-45c4-bee0-8c96e8fa40dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16520

Swarthmore -- Hedgleigh Spring

Former owner:
Cresson, Erza Townsend  Search this
Cresson, William James, Sr.  Search this
Cresson, Charles O.  Search this
Architect:
Casey, George W.  Search this
Furness, Evans and Co.  Search this
Provenance:
Providence Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hedgleigh Spring (Swarthmore, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Delaware County -- Swarthmore
General:
"The 40 acre property was purchased in February 29, 1883 by Erza Townsend Cresson. He named the property Hedgleigh after the after the two long osage orange hedgerows." -memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting horticulturist / Garden Design.
"Today, the two acre garden is the unique product of family stewardship for over 100 years. The garden's design and older specimens for mostly date from between 1920 and 1950, while the plant collection has been greatly expanded within this framework since 1970. The house sits in a sweeping lawn surrounded by ancient oaks and black gum under planted with mature azaleas and dogwoods planted in 1948, along with the spring house, dating from the early 1800's. The central flower garden of roses and perennials contains over 100 feet of flower borders backed by a unique crescent shaped white picket fence,built in 1954." - Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
A combination of stone retaining walls, grade changes and shrub plantings divide the property into intimate spaces and microclimates which include woodland gardens, a small pond, a creek with a waterfall, a vegetable garden and a lowland perennial meadow. The diverse plant collection provides bloom throughout the year. May is especially interesting for its variety of plants, particularly in the woodlands area." -Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
"The flower garden of perennials and roses is most spectacular in early June. Other areas reach their peak at different times, with a remarkable resurgence of bloom in September. A brick patio behind the house is furnished with exotic potted plants." -Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
"Charles Cresson is a garden designer, award winning author, nationally known lecturer and avid gardener. Before returning to rejuvenate the garden at Hedgleigh Spring, he attend the University of Vermont, University of Bath in England and worked for the Royal Horticultural Society. After working for W. Atlee Burpee Co., he authored 3 books: Charles Cresson on the American Flower Garden, Ornamental Trees, and Rock Gardening. As the garden consultant, he has helped many avid gardeners develop their own gardens. -Memo from Charles O. Cresson, Consulting Horticulturist / Garden Design.
Persons associated with the property include: George W. Casey (architect in 1910); Furness, Evans & Company (Architectural firm that George W. Casey worked for in 1910); Charles O. Cresson (horticulturist and author); Erza Townsend Cresson (former owner from 1883 to ?); William James Cresson, Sr. (former owner form 1909 to 1959).
Related Materials:
Hedgleigh Spring related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Swarthmore  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA347
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb692019b05-e1a2-4e85-b838-82bc9eb9f91f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16582

Jenks Garden

Former owner:
Jenks, John Story, Jr.  Search this
Creator:
Jenks, John Story, Mrs., Jr.  Search this
Architect:
Zantzinger, Borie & Medary  Search this
Zantzinger, C. C.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35 mm.)
1 Folder (1 35 mm. slide)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Jenks-Carrie Garden (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
[1930?]
General:
Persons associated with the garden include: Mrs. John S. Jenks (former owner); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects); and C. C. Zantzinger (architect).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Ponds  Search this
Evergreens  Search this
Thuja  Search this
Allées  Search this
Benches  Search this
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA020001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA020: Philadelphia -- Jenks Garden (Jenks-Carrie Garden)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a1c1769f-06e8-4b7c-bf08-b2e88b1993fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17015

Nantucket -- Nindethana

Architect:
Knowles, Edward F.  Search this
Provenance:
Nantucket Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Nindethana (Nantucket, Massachusetts)
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Nantucket County -- Nantucket
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and garden plan.
General:
The present owners purchased seven acres of land bordering native cranberry bogs under cultivation. The property was layered with clay and surrounded on two sides by a hardwood forest (unique on Nantucket). After completing the house construction, the owners surrounded the rear with an 8 foot deep pond landscaped with native bayberry and pine; and stocked the pond with koi. A 100x100 foot sunken garden with croquet court exists off the guest wing. This garden is surrounded by a wood lattice fence ending in an arched arbor walk entered through four moongates. Roses, perennials, annuals, and sculpted arborvitae and boxwood fill the borders and cover the fencing. A privet maze surrounds a Grandiflora magnolia outside the garden and leads to a swimming pool area. Terraces in random cut bluestone surround a dark granite pool. A native fern forest grows beneath tupelos in the nearby wetlands. The garden won the Hunnewell gold medal from the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for outstanding design on an estate over seven acres in 1993.
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Robert (former owners, 1983-2000); Hoen Meier (landscape designer, 1983-1988); Edward Knowles (architect, 1983-1990); Leonard Campanale (gardener/designer, 1988-2003); and Larry Schuck (builder of arbor and fence).
Related Materials:
Nindethana related holdings consist of 2 folders (18 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Massachusetts -- Nantucket  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MA260
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb68158935e-4913-4e33-85c0-781ae311b7e2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17637

Rumson -- Sorensen Garden

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Sorensen Garden (Rumson, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Monmouth County -- Rumson
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets and related materials.
General:
This garden has been designed by one of its owners and has been under development since the early 1980s. The site features a raised garden with flowering shrubs, trees, and perennials; espaliered fruit trees; roses on a pergola; and even a chicken coop. The plantings are salt tolerant because of the garden's location near the Atlantic coast.
Related Materials:
Sorensen Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (16 35 mm. slides)
See others in:
Maida Babson Adams American Garden Collection, ca. 1960-1994.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Rumson  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ209
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6ab916bb2-3105-407a-8db6-199189c5a1f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20218

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By