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George V. Allen photograph collection of American Indians and the American frontier

Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Names:
Albuquerque Indian School  Search this
Castillo de San Marcos (Saint Augustine, Fla.)  Search this
Chilocco Indian School  Search this
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Haskell Indian Nations University  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Yankton Mission (Yankton Indian Reservation, S.D.)  Search this
American Horse, 1840-1908  Search this
Big Bow Chief  Search this
Bogy, Lewis V. (Lewis Vital), 1813-1877  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Iron Bull (Crow Indian chief)  Search this
Kelly, Luther S. (Luther Sage), 1849-1928  Search this
Mató-Tópe, Mandan chief, d. 1837  Search this
Mix, Charles E.  Search this
Monroe, Mark, 1930-  Search this
Moran, John, 1831-1903  Search this
Ouray  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Red Dog (Oglala chief)  Search this
Red Shirt, 1845?-1925  Search this
Reilly, John James, 1838-1894  Search this
Reynolds, Joseph Jones, 1822-1899  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Two Guns White Calf Blackfoot  Search this
Photographer:
Alvord, Kellogg, & Campbell  Search this
Bailey & Whitesides  Search this
Bailey, Dix, & Mead  Search this
Bennett & Brown  Search this
Black Hills View Company  Search this
Brooks Photo  Search this
Brubaker and Whitesides  Search this
C. Duhem & Bro.  Search this
Calfee & Catlin  Search this
Caswell & Davy  Search this
Copelin & Son  Search this
Cosand & Mosser  Search this
Cunningham & Co. (1880-1889)  Search this
D.D. Merrill, Randall & Co.  Search this
E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm)  Search this
Eaton, of Ralston, Oklahoma  Search this
Griffith & Griffith  Search this
Gurnsey & Illingworth  Search this
Hamilton and Hoyt  Search this
Hamilton and Kodylek  Search this
Hansard & Carden  Search this
Henry L. Shepard & Co.  Search this
Ingersoll View Company (St. Paul, Minnesota)  Search this
J.J. Reilly & Co.  Search this
Judd and McLeish  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Kilburn Brothers  Search this
Lawrence & Houseworth  Search this
M.S. Mepham & Bro.  Search this
Martin's Gallery  Search this
Montgomery Ward.  Search this
Ramsour & Pennel  Search this
Reed & McKenney  Search this
Rodocker & Blanchard  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Thomas Houseworth & Co  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Universal Photo Art Co  Search this
Whitney & Zimmerman  Search this
Wittick & Bliss  Search this
Wittick & Russell  Search this
Young & Chase  Search this
Barker, George, 1844-1894  Search this
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Batchelder, B. P. (Benjamin Pierce), 1826-1891  Search this
Bates, Edw. (Edward)  Search this
Beaman, Edward O.  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Benecke, Robert  Search this
Bennett, H. H. (Henry Hamilton), 1843-1908  Search this
Bierstadt, Charles, 1819-1903  Search this
Blessing, S. T.  Search this
Blosser, J. A.  Search this
Bonine, Elias A., 1843-1916  Search this
Brockham, William (of Morris, Minnesota)  Search this
Brown, William Henry, 1844-1886  Search this
Brubaker, C. B.  Search this
Buehman, Henry, 1851-1912  Search this
Calfee, H. B. (Henry Bird), 1848-1912  Search this
Carbutt, John, 1832-1905  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Chase, D. B. (Dana B.)  Search this
Childs, B. F. (Brainard F.), ca. 1841-1921  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Clark, George A. (George Alfred), 1936-  Search this
Climo, John Saunders  Search this
Cobb, William Henry, 1859-1909  Search this
Conklin, E (Enoch)  Search this
Cozzens, Samuel Woodworth, 1834-1878  Search this
Croft, Thomas  Search this
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Currier, Frank, fl. 1890-1909  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Curtis, George E., 1830-1910  Search this
Cushing, W. H., fl. 1870-1889  Search this
Davis, S., fl. 1860-1880  Search this
Doremus, John P., 1827-1890  Search this
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), b. ca. 1836  Search this
Ebell, Adrian J. (Adrian John), 1840-1877  Search this
Eisenmann, Charles, b. 1850  Search this
Flanders, Dudley P.  Search this
Forsyth, N. A. (Norman A.), 1869-1949  Search this
Fouch, John H., 1849-1933  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Godkin, William R.  Search this
Goodell, Abner Cheney, 1831-1914  Search this
Graves, C. H. (Carleton H.), -1943  Search this
Gurnsey, B. H. (Byron H.), 1833-1880  Search this
Hamilton, J. H. (James H.)  Search this
Hart, Alfred A., 1816-1908  Search this
Hawkins, B.A.  Search this
Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921  Search this
Hazeltine, M. M. (Martin Mason), 1827-1903  Search this
Heister, H. T., (Henry T.), -1895  Search this
Heller, Louis Herman, ca. 1839-1929  Search this
Heston, Wat  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Huffman, L. A. (Laton Alton), 1854-1931  Search this
Illingworth, W. H. (William H.), 1842-1893  Search this
Immke, Henry W.  Search this
Ingalls, George W., 1838-1920  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Jacoby, W. H. (William H.), 1841-1905  Search this
Jarvis, J. F. (John F.), b. 1850  Search this
Johnson, W.S.  Search this
Kirkland, Geo. W. (George W.)  Search this
Knight, J. Lee  Search this
Landon, S. C. (Seth C.), b. 1825  Search this
Leonard & Martin  Search this
Line, A. A.  Search this
Little, H.N.  Search this
Marshall, William I. (William Isaac), 1840-1906  Search this
Martin, Alex (Alexander), 1841-1929  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
Maynard, Hannah, 1834-1918  Search this
Maynard, Richard, 1832-1907  Search this
McIntyre, A. C. (Alexander Carson)  Search this
Meddaugh, J. E.  Search this
Mellen, Geo. E. (George Egbert), b. 1854  Search this
Mepham, Michael S.  Search this
Mitchell, Daniel S.  Search this
Morrow, Stanley J.  Search this
Muybridge, Eadweard, 1830-1904  Search this
Newcomb, C. H.  Search this
Nims, F.A.  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Palmer, A. A.  Search this
Parker, Joseph C.  Search this
Pierron, Geo. (George), b. 1816  Search this
Pollock, Charles, 1832-1910  Search this
Powers, F. F.  Search this
Raitt, T.G.  Search this
Randall, A. Frank  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A.)  Search this
Rodocker, D. (David)  Search this
Rothrock, George H.  Search this
Rudy, W. Ira  Search this
Russell, Andrew J.  Search this
Rutter, Thomas H., 1837-1925  Search this
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909  Search this
Seaver, C. (Charles)  Search this
Sedgwick, S. J. (Stephen James)  Search this
Shipler, James William, 1849-1937  Search this
Soule, John P.  Search this
Stoddard, Seneca Ray, 1844-1917  Search this
Taber, I. W. (Isaiah West), 1830-1912  Search this
Thorne, G.W.  Search this
Thurlow, J., 1831-1878  Search this
Towne, Bertram C.  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Upton, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin)  Search this
Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916  Search this
Weitfle, Charles, 1836-1921  Search this
Wendt, Julius M.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Williscraft, W.H.  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Woodburn, J. R.  Search this
Zimmerman, Charles A., 1844-1909  Search this
Publisher:
Beal's Gallery  Search this
Continent Stereoscopic Company  Search this
Florida Club (Cooperative)  Search this
Union View Company  Search this
Webster & Albee (Rochester, N.Y.)  Search this
Smith, O. C.  Search this
Extent:
67 Lantern slides
26 Negatives (glass)
10 Negatives (nitrate)
6 Autochromes (photographs)
50 Stereographs (circa 50 printed stereographs, halftone and color halftone)
1,000 Stereographs (circa, albumen and silver gelatin (some tinted))
239 Prints (circa 239 mounted and unmounted prints, albumen (including cartes de visite, imperial cards, cabinet cards, and one tinted print) and silver gelatin (some modern copies))
96 Prints (Album :, silver gelatin)
21 Postcards (silver gelatin, collotype, color halftone, and halftone)
Culture:
Puyallup  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Modoc  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Haida  Search this
Cree  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Apache  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Negatives
Autochromes (photographs)
Stereographs
Prints
Postcards
Place:
Custer Battlefield (Montana)
Date:
circa 1860-1935
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to American Indian or frontier themes, including portraits, expedition photographs, landscapes, and other images of dwellings, transportation, totem poles, ceremonies, infants and children in cradleboards, camps and towns, hunting and fishing, wild west shows, food preparation, funeral customs, the US Army and army posts, cliff dwellings, and grave mounds and excavations. The collection also includes images of prisoners at Fort Marion in 1875, Sioux Indians involved in the Great Sioux Uprising in Minnesota, the Fort Laramie Peace Commission of 1868, Sitting Bull and his followers after the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the aftermath of the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890.

There are studio portraits of well-known Indians, including American Horse, Big Bow, Four Bears, Iron Bull, Ouray, Red Cloud, Red Dog, Red Shirt, Sitting Bull, Spotted Tail, Three Bears, and Two Guns White Calf. Depicted delegations include a Sauk and Fox meeting in Washington, DC, with Lewis V. Bogy and Charles E. Mix in 1867; Kiowas and Cheyennes at the White House in 1863; and Dakotas and Crows who visited President Warren G. Harding in 1921. Images of schools show Worcester Academy in Vinita, Oklahoma; Chilocco Indian School; Carlisle Indian Industrial School; Haskell Instittue, and Albuquerque Indian School.

Some photographs relate to the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, 1876; World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893; Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 1903; and Centennial Exposition of the Baltimore and Ohio Railraod, 1876. Expedition photographs show the Crook expedition of 1876, the Sanderson expedition to the Custer Battlefield in 1877, the Wheeler Survey of the 1870s, Powell's surveys of the Rocky Mountain region during the 1860s and 1870s, and the Hayden Surveys.

Outstanding single views include the party of Zuni Indians led to the sea by Frank Hamilton Cushing; Episcopal Church Rectory and School Building, Yankton Agency; Matilda Coxe Stevenson and a companion taking a photographs of a Zuni ceremony; John Moran sketching at Acoma; Ben H. Gurnsey's studio with Indian patrons; Quapaw Mission; baptism of a group of Paiutes at Coeur d'Alene Mission; court-martial commission involved in the trial of Colonel Joseph J. Reynolds, 1877; President Harding at Sitka, Alaska; Walter Hough at Hopi in 1902; and Mrs. Jesse Walter Fewkes at Hopi in 1897.
Biographical/Historical note:
George V. Allen was an attorney in Lawrence, Kansas and an early member of the National Stereoscope Association. Between the 1950s and 1980s, Allen collected an extensive collection of photographs of the American West, mostly in stereographs, but also including cartes-de-visite and other styles of mounted prints, photogravures, lantern slides, autochromes, and glass negatives.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 90-1
See others in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of American Indians and the American frontier, circa 1860-1935
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Child care  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Totem poles  Search this
Cookery  Search this
Wild west shows  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen photograph collection of American Indians and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.90-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-90-1

MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oto  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ajachemem (San Juan de Capistrano Luiseño)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

Photographs of North American geology and scenery

Photographer:
Caswell & Davy  Search this
Continent Stereoscopic Company  Search this
Mitchell and Baer  Search this
Park and Company  Search this
Rice & Perkins  Search this
Thomas Houseworth & Co  Search this
Whitney & Zimmerman  Search this
William Notman & Son  Search this
Addison, George A.  Search this
Baer, Edwin  Search this
Barber, A. W.  Search this
Beaman, Edward O.  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Billington, W. C.  Search this
Bragaw  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Davidson, I. G.  Search this
Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dodge, K. T. (Katherine Taylor)  Search this
Fennemore, James, 1849-1941  Search this
Gates, G. F. (George F.)  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Illingworth, W. H. (William H.), 1842-1893  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Leach, J. A.  Search this
McMurry  Search this
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Niblack, Albert P. (Albert Parker), 1859-1929  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Ogden, Herbert Gouverneur, 1846-1906  Search this
Partridge, W. H. (William Henry), 1858-1939  Search this
Randall, A. Frank  Search this
Russell, Israel C. (Israel Cook), 1852-1906  Search this
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909  Search this
Shaw, Clarence H.  Search this
Spaulding, Randall  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Thurlow, J., 1831-1878  Search this
True, Frederick William, 1858-1914  Search this
Turner, Lucien M. (Lucien McShan)  Search this
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916  Search this
William, J. J.  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1,195 Prints (albumen, silver gelatin, and platinum)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Postcards
Place:
Wyoming
Virginia
New York
New Mexico
Vermont
South Carolina
Maine
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Montana
Nebraska
Alaska
British Columbia
Arizona
Colorado
California
Date:
1871-1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of geologic features and the natural environment of the American West, Alaska, and Mexico, most of which were created during government surveys and the expansion of railroads during the 1800s. There are also photographs collected and made by individuals who worked or traveled in the west. Depicted locales include Alaska, Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and Wyoming, and there are some additional images of artifacts, artwork, and portraits. Photographers represented include William Henry Jackson, John K. Hillers, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, E. O. Beaman, James Fennemore, William Bell, and other professional and amateur photographers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 37
Varying Form of Title:
Scenic Views of North America
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Charles Savage photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 37 have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 156.
Bourne & May photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 37 have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 159.
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional photographs by photographers or from accessions represented in this collection in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 40, and other photo lots.
See others in:
Photographs of North American geology and scenery, 1871-1912
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Formations (Geology)  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Stereographs
Postcards
Citation:
Photo lot 37, Photographs of North American geology and scenery,National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-37

Copies of Mary Ogden Dranga photograph album of Hopi pueblos

Creator:
Dranga, Mary Ogden (collector and album maker)  Search this
Photographer:
Forbes, A. A.  Search this
Names:
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Keam, Thomas V.  Search this
Collector:
Hough, Myrtle Zuck  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
21 Copy prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Walpi (Arizona)
Hopi Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Date:
circa 1893-1895
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs collected by Mary Ogden Dranga that relate to Hopi Indians. They include images of Hopi pueblos, a Snake Dance, and a Green Corn Dance, made by A. A. Forbes; an expedition party at Moqui Pueblo, including Frederick Webb Hodge and George Wharton James in 1895; and Thomas v. Keam's house. The album in which the original prints are mounted was probably originally compiled in 1895 by Mary Ogden Dranga for Myrtle Zuck, wife of anthropologist Walter Hough; a notation on the cover states: "Myrtle Zuck. December Twenty-second, Eighteen hundred and ninety-five. From Mary Ogden Dranga."
Biographical/Historical note:
Mary Ogden Dranga was a social worker who was married from 1912-1918 to Charles F. F. Campbell, founder of the Massachusetts Association of the Blind and the journal "Outlook for the Blind."
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R92-15
Reproduction Note:
Copy negatives and prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1992.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Forbes photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 59.
Walter Hough's papers held in the National Anthropological Archives in the Department of Anthropology records.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Snake dance  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Dance  Search this
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R92-15, Copies of Mary Ogden Dranga photograph album of Hopi pueblos, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R92-15
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r92-15

MS 7117 Field notes of the Second Museum - Gates Expedition (1905)

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
United States National Museum. Museum-Gates Expedition (1905)  Search this
Extent:
76 Pages (1 volume, 6 1/2 x 4 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Notes
Maps
Drawings
Lists
Date:
1905
Scope and Contents:
Notes, maps, sketches of artifacts and petroglyphs; catalog of over 800 specimens collected; list of boxes shipped July 23 - September 12, 1905. Notes from expedition, June - October 1905, along the San Francisco River on the Arizona - New Mexico border.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7117
Local Note:
Autograph document
Topic:
San Francisco River -- Arizona -- Archeology -- Petroglyphs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Maps
Drawings
Lists
Citation:
Manuscript 7117, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7117
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7117

MS 2000-66 Notes on Korean photos collected by Pierre Jouy, 1891

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
40 Leaves (10 x 6.5 inches)
Culture:
Koreans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Leaves
Notes
Place:
Korea -- Social life and customs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of Walter Hough's notes on Korean photos collected by Pierre Jouy. The collection contains 40 leaves of handwritten notes describing 41 photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Pierre Louis Jouy (1856-1894) was a collector of zoological and ethnological specimens for the Smithsonian Institution. In 1881 he traveled to Asia, where he spent a number of years collecting extensively in China, Japan and Korea.
American ethnologist Walter Hough began his career at the United States National Museum in 1886 as a museum assistant; he would serve in a number of positions before becoming a curator in 1910.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2000-66
Topic:
Koreans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Citation:
MS 2000-66, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2000-66
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2000-66

MS 3232 Hopi-English and English-Hopi dictionary

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Annotator:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Extent:
386 Pages
1 Volume
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Volumes
Date:
1896-1918
Scope and Contents:
Typescript was made between 1933 and 1955. F. J. Dockstader added diacriticals and augmented the English glosses of the typescript October 19-22, 1955.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3232
Local Note:
autograph manuscript
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3232, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3232
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3232

Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists

Collector:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Photographer:
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (U.S.)  Search this
Gibson Art Galleries  Search this
Harris & Ewing  Search this
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Farrar, Richard  Search this
Prokopec, Miroslav  Search this
Rau, William Herman, 1855-1920  Search this
Names:
Harper & Brothers, printers  Search this
Allen, Harrison, 1841-1897  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Baer, Karl Ernst von, 1792-1876  Search this
Barbour, Erwin Hinckley, 1856-1947 (possible photographer)  Search this
Bertillon, Alphonse, 1853-1914  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Broca, Paul, 1824-1880  Search this
Cobb, W. Montague (William Montague), 1904-1990  Search this
Corrêa, A. A. Mendes (Antonio Augusto Mendes), 1888-1960  Search this
Dubois, Eugène, 1858-1940  Search this
Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Giuffrida-Ruggeri, V. (Vincenzo), 1872-1922  Search this
Goldstein, Marcus S. (Marcus Solomon), 1906-  Search this
Gorjanović-Kramberger, Dragutin, 1856-1936  Search this
Haddon, Alfred C. (Alfred Cort), 1855-1940  Search this
Harvey, William, 1578-1657  Search this
Hooton, Earnest Albert, 1887-1954  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett), 1903-1972  Search this
León, Nicolás, 1859-1929  Search this
Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947  Search this
Manouvrier, L. (Léonce), 1850-1927  Search this
Meigs, James Aitken, 1829-1879  Search this
Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Ortner, Donald J.  Search this
Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1857-1935  Search this
Purkyně, Jan Evangelista, 1787-1869  Search this
Retzius, A. (Anders), 1796-1860  Search this
Retzius, Gustaf, 1842-1919  Search this
Schultz, Adolph H. (Adolph Hans), 1891-  Search this
Schwalbe, Gustav Albert, 1844-1916  Search this
Sergi, Giuseppe, 1841-1936  Search this
Sims, J. Marion (James Marion), 1813-1883  Search this
St. Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Todd, T. Wingate (Thomas Wingate), 1885-1938  Search this
Virchow, Rudolf, 1821-1902  Search this
Wyman, Jeffries, 1814-1874  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (engraving)
2 Prints (chalk manner lithograph)
3 Prints (etching)
23 Photomechanical prints (halftone, photogravure, and collotype)
152 Photographic prints (silver gelatin and albumen)
8 Copy prints
6 Copy negatives
1 Print (offset lithography)
1 Print (probably chromolithograph)
11 Negatives (acetate)
3 Drawings
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photomechanical prints
Photographic prints
Copy prints
Copy negatives
Negatives
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to physical anthropologists from the 19th and 20th centuries in Europe and the United States. Many of the photographs depict Smithsonian staff, particularly Ales Hrdlicka and T. Dale Stewart, as well as people and artifacts relating to physical anthropology throughout history. Some of the portraits are signed and the collection also includes pamphlets from professional societies, prints mounted for publication, a copy of the Baltimore Sunday Sun relating to Adolph Schultz, and some correspondence.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4822
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Ales Hrdlicka papers, Thomas Dale Stewart papers, and John Lawrence Angel papers.
Additional photographs collected by the Division of Physical Anthropology held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 8 and Photo Lot 83-41.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, undated
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4822, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of physical anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4822
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4822

William Louis Abbott collection

Creator:
Abbott, William Louis, 1860-1936  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Kloss, Charles Boden  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Photographer:
Raven, Henry Cushier, 1889-1944  Search this
Extent:
13 Linear feet
Culture:
Enggano  Search this
Jakun (Malaysian people)  Search this
Borneo  Search this
Indonesians  Search this
Dyak  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Trang -- Thailand
Anambas Islands (Indonesia)
Mergui Archipelago
Enggano (Malaysia)
Sumatra
Malaysia
Mentawai Islands (Indonesia)
Nias Island (Indonesia)
Date:
1888-1919
Summary:
The papers in the Abbott collection appear to have been brought together in the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology in order to process ethnological specimens from Malaya and Indonesia and to prepare an exhibit and publications. Included are some of Abbott's original letters, notes, maps, and a considerable number of photographs. Most of these materials concern the Enggano, Jakun, and Dyak. Many other documents in the collection consist of copies of or extracts from Abbott's letters, the originals of which are now in the Smithsonian Institution Archives. There are also letters and other materials of Otis Tufton Mason and Walter Hough accumulated as they worked on the collection, many simple lists of accessions compiled in the Department of Anthropology, and a few manuscripts. In addition, there are printed materials that were apparently used by the department's staff for reference purposes. Some of the photographs made in Borneo in 1914 are by Henry Cushier Raven, a field assistant of Abbott and, later, a collector financed by Abbott.

Additional materials of Abbott and Raven are in the Smithsonian Institution Archives, and their material (often duplicate photographs) are included in several collections in the National Anthropological Archives.
Scope and Contents:
William Louis Abbott, although formally trained in medicine, chose instead to devote his time and inherited wealth to worldwide exploration and the collection of natural history specimens and ethnological artifacts. The Abbott papers in the National Anthropological Archives reflect his collecting activities in the East Indies, and the work on his collections from that region by United States National Museum personnel, especially Otis Tufton Mason, curator of ethnology. The collection includes correspondence, maps, illustrations of artifacts, manuscripts, lists of objects in the Abbott collection in the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology, and photographic prints and negatives. In addition, there is a subject file which contains information on a variety of topics relating to Indonesia and Malaysia. The materials date from the 1890s to the early decades of this century.

This archival collection forms a valuable complement to the collection of artifacts housed in the National Museum of Natural History. (Abbott's collections from Indonesia are described by Dr. Paul M. Taylor, curator of Asian ethnology, in the Museum Anthropology Newsletter, April, 1985.) The subject file and lists of objects provide data on certain specific artifacts and their uses and Abbott's correspondence contains his observations of the daily life of the various peoples from whom the objects were collected. These documents are supplemented by a generous photographic record and sketch maps which outline the routes he followed. The papers focus on the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago, the region closest to Abbott's heart and to which he dedicated over a decade before eye disease forced him to leave the tropics.

In addition to Abbott's own materials, there are notes by museum staff, including descriptions of artifacts, and manuscripts of articles mostly by Mason who was particularly interested in basketry. The bulk of the correspondence is between Abbott, Otis Mason, Walter Hough, and Cecil Boden Kloss who accompanied Abbott on several expeditions. Other correspondents include Cyrus Adler, Jesse Walter Fewkes, William H. Furness, Alfred Cort Haddon, Ales Hrdlicka, Mary Lois Kissell, Elmer D. Merrill, William Palmer, Richard Rathbun, and Charles Clark Willoughby. Most of the letters are brief and discuss proposed work on the Abbott collections, bibliographic sources, and basketry.

Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives relating to William Louis Abbott is contained in the papers of Ales Hrdlička and of Herbert W. Krieger, the Manuscript and Pamphlet File of the United States National Museum Department of Anthropology, and the photographic collection of the United States National Museum Division of Ethnology. Because Abbott donated material to a variety of departments in the Smithsonian, his original written material is located in several other Smithsonian departments as well. There are personal letters to his mother and sister as well as Smithsonian personnel in the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Field notebooks including detailed sketch maps of collecting stations are in the libraries of the departments of Mammals and of Birds.

The spelling of place names used here are those of Abbott who frequently wrote them as they sounded to him.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged into 9 series: (1) Correspondence, 1896-1919; (2) Subject file; (3) Register of accessions,1890-1906; (4) Lists of objects by accession number and location;(5) Lists of objects by type or geographic location; (6) Drafts of unpublished articles with working materials; (7) Printed material; (8) Photographic prints; (9) Photographic negatives.
Biographical/Historical note:
William L. Abbott studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and, after receiving an M.D., continued his training in London. Although a highly successful student, he seems never to have been fully committed to medicine. Instead, around 1880, using his own resources, he turned to a life of exploration and the study of natural history.

Abbott's early expeditions were in the United States, but, in time, he went abroad, at ever increasing distances, to the Greater Antilles, East Africa, Kashmir, and Turkestan. In 1896, he began work in Malaya and Indonesia that would largely occupy him until 1915. Using Singapore as a base, he sailed his ship, the Terrapin, to points on both coasts of the Malayan Peninsula, Trang in Thailand, the Anambas Islands, the Mergui Archipelago, the Nicobars and Andamans, both costs of Sumatra and the nearby islands (notably Nias, the Mentawai Islands, and Enggano), the Rhio Archipelago, and Borneo. On many of thes voyages, he collected both biologcial and ethnological specimens and photographs. At times, however, he was accompanied by an Englishman, Cecil Boden Kloss, who handled the ethnological work. Kloss retain his own notes and many of his photographs.

Abbott's later work, between 1916 and 1923, was carried out in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. After this, he retired to a farm on the Elk River in Maryland.

Abbott has been described as one of the great field natturalists of all time simply for the quantity of material he collected. Virtually the only body of work he left, in fact, is his large collection of specimens and notes, letters, and photographs that relate to them. Although he contributed to the collections of several museums, the chief benefactor of his work was the United States National Museum. Its staff and associated produced around forty publications based on his material. Abbott himself published very little.

CHRONOLOGY OF THE LIFE OF WILLIAM LOUIS ABBOTT

1860 February 23 -- Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1880 -- Collected birds in Iowa and North Dakota

1881 -- Bachelor of Arts, University of Pennsylvania

1883 -- Collected birds in Cuba and Santo Domingo

1884 -- Doctor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

1884-1886 -- Postgraduate work in England Licentiate of Royal College of Surgeons and Royal College of Physicians

1886 -- Received inheritance and discontinued formal practice of medicine

1887-1889 -- Exploration of Taveta region near Mt. Kilimanjaro with William Astor Chandler. Collection donated to United States NationalMuseum

1890 -- Exploration and collection in Zanzibar, Seychelles Islands, and Madagascar

1891 -- Ethnological collections in the U.S. National Museum from Kilima-Njaro, East Africa,Annual Report of the U.S. National Museum for 1891, pages 381-398Exploration and collection in India, including Baltistan, Karachi, Kashmir, and Srinagar

1892 -- Exploration and collection in Vale of Kashmir, Baltistan, Aden, Seychelles Islands, and Aldabra Island

1893 -- Exploration and collection in Seychelles Islands; India, including Kashmir and Srinagar; Leh Ladakh; Sinkiang, China; and Eastern Turkistan

1894 -- Continued exploration and collection in region of Eastern Turkistan, Pakistan, India, and Ceylon

1895 -- Exploration and collection in Madagascar and Kashmir

1896 -- Exploration and collection in Malay Peninsula, including:Jan-Feb – PerakFeb-Mar – CantonApr-Nov – Trang Province, Siam, including Pramon, Tyching, and Penang

1897 -- Exploration and collection:Jan -- TrangApr-May -- PenangMay-Dec -- India

1898 -- Volunteered in Spanish-American War with William A. Chambers as Irregular Horse in Florida, and served in CubaTravel in Singapore and China

1899 -- Construction of schooner TerrapinExploration and collection accompanied by Cecil Boden Kloss:Jan-Mar -- TrangMarch -- SingaporeMar-Apr -- JavaJul-Sept -- Lingga and Anamba islandsOct-Nov - Singapore, PenangDec - Junkseylon

1900 -- Exploration and collection accompanied by Kloss:Jan-Mar -- Burma, Mergui ArchipelagoJun-Aug -- Natuna ArchipelagoNov-Dec -- Penang, Burma, Mergui Archipelago

1901 -- Exploration and collection accompanied by Kloss:Jan -- Andaman IslandsJan-Mar -- Nicobar IslandsApr-Nov -- Northern Sumatra, Rhio-Lingga Archipelago, Johore, PenangNov-Jan 02- Simalur

1902 -- Exploration and collection accompanied by Kloss:Jan-Feb -- Banjak Islands, Lasia, BabiFeb-Mar -- Western SumatraMar -- NiasApr-May -- Pahang, Malaya; Singapore and Straits IslandsAug-Sep -- Bintang, Rhio ArchipelagoOct-Nov -- SimalurNov-Jan 03 -- Pagi Islands

1903 -- Exploration and collection:Jan -- Western SumatraFeb -- Pulo TelloApr -- Penang, SingaporeMay-June -- Karimun IslandsJuly-Aug -- Rhio-Lingga ArchipelagoAug-Sep -- Eastern SumatraOct -- PenangNov-Mar 04 -- Burmese coast, including Victoria Point, Mergui Archipelago, and Tenasserim

1904 -- Exploration and collection:Apr -- Penang and Straits of MalaccaMay-Jun -- Banka IslandJul-Aug -- Billiton IslandAug-Sep -- Karimata IslandOct -- Benkulen, SumatraNov-Dec -- Engano

1905 -- Exploration and collection:Dec 04-Feb- Western SumatraFeb-Mar -- NiasJun-Sep -- Western Borneo, including Pontianak and Kapuas riversNov-Jan 06 -- Eastern Sumatra Designated Honorary Associate in Zoology by the U.S. National Museum

1906 -- Visited Hong Kong and Japan (April-May)Exploration and collection accompanied by Kloss:Oct-Feb 07 -- Easter Sumatra, including Bengkalis and Rupat islands and Siak River

1907 -- Exploration and collectionMar -- Rhio ArchipelagoMay -- Islands of South China Sea, including Direction Island, Datu, Temayer, Lamukutan, Panebangan, and PelapisMay-Sep -- Western Borneo, including Kapuas and Simpang riversNov-Dec -- Java Sea, including Bawean Island

1908 -- Exploration and collection:Dec 07-Mar- Southeastern Borneo, including Pulo Laut and Pulo SebukuJun -- Southwestern BorenoNov -- Java Sea

1909 -- Exploration and collection:Dec 08-Apr -- Pulo Laut and eastern Borneo, including Pasir RiverOnset of partial blindness caused by spirochetosis, and treatment in Aachen, Germany. Illness forced Abbott to suspend collecting activities in tropics.

1910-1915 -- Exploration and collection in Kashmir

1912-1915 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for expedition to Borneo by Henry Cushier Raven

1914 -- Brief visit and collection in Molucca Islands and Celebes, accompanied by his sister

1915-1916 -- Donated funds for expedition by Raven to Dutch East Indies, especially Celebes

1916 -- Exploration and collection in Dominican Republic

1917-1918 -- Exploration and collection in Haiti

1918 -- Interruption of field work by Abbott because of servere illness (dysentary) and by Raven because of the war

1919-1923 -- Exploration and collection in Hispaniola

1920 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for botanical collection in Haiti by Emery C. Leonard, aid in Division of Plants

1920-1922 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for expedition to Australia by naturalist Charles M. Hoy

1923-1924 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for expedition to China by Charles M. Hoy until Hoy's death in the field; workconcluded by Reverend David Crockett Graham

1925-1927 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for expeditions to Hispaniola

1928 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for expedition to China

1928 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for expedition to Hispaniola by Arthur J. Poole, Division of Mammals

1928-1931 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for archeological expedition to Hispaniola by Herbert William Krieger, curator, Division of Ethnology

1932 -- Donated funds to United States National Museum for archeological expedition to Cuba

1934 -- Purchase and donation of birds of the Himalayas for the United States National Museum

April 2, 1936 -- Death of William Louis Abbott at his farm near North East, Maryland of heart disease after a long illnessBequest to Smithsonian Institution any of books and papers desired (278 volumes accepted) and approximately $100,000 (1/5 of estate) to promote zoological researchers
Provenance:
William Louis Abbott was a self-trained and self-sustaining collector who donated large numbers of ethnological artifacts, zoological specimens, and funds to the United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution around the turn of the twentieth century. The Abbott Papers in the National Anthropological Archives were apparently compiled by the staff of the Department of Anthropology, especially Otis Tufton Mason, curator of ethnology, in order to process incoming collections. The correspondence and printed materials relate primarily to Abbott's collecting activities and to Mason's research on Abbott's collections.
Restrictions:
The William Louis Abbott collection is open for research. Access to the William Louis Abbott collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Citation:
William Louis Abbott Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0228
See more items in:
William Louis Abbott collection
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0228

Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to textiles and agriculture

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Names:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
64 Photographic prints (1 box, color)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting 18th and 19th century textiles from New Hampshire and Finland; clothing and fashion in Tuscany and London; gourd and agave cultivation; and early English seals. The photographs and published pages appear to have been collected in the department for transfer to other departments and divisions; the transfers, however, were never made.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 125
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Four photographs collected by Alice Rollins Crane, previously filed in Photo Lot 125, have been relocated to Photo Lot 162.
One Charles Roscoe Savage photogaph, previously filed in Photo Lot 125, has been relocated to Photo Lot 163.
Five photographs collected by John A. Halderman, previously filed in Photo Lot 125, have been relocated to Photo Lot 164.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Textile fabrics  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 125, Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to textiles and agriculture, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.125
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-125

MS 1555 Vocabulary, phrases and sentences of the Totonac language, spoken in the state of Veracruz, Mexico

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
48 Pages
Culture:
Totonac  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1555
Local Note:
Copy by A. S. Gatschet in notebook.
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1555, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1555
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1555

MS 1793 Vocabulary of the White Mountain Apache

Collector:
Mearns, Edgar Alexander, 1856-1916  Search this
Donor:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1793
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 1793, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1793
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1793

MS 1973-43 Montezuma tribute roll

Collector:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
n.d
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1973-43
Local Note:
From the library of Dr. Walter Hough.
Citation:
Manuscript 1973-43, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS1973-43
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1973-43

MS 7209 Catalog of specimens collected by Museum-Gates expedition

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
United States National Museum. Museum-Gates Expedition (1905)  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Place:
New Mexico -- Archeology
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes lab number, name, size, notes, and quantity. The Department of Anthropology catalog number has been added. The first page is missing.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7209
Citation:
Manuscript 7209, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7209
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7209

MS 7513 Certificate naming Walter Hough a caballero of the Spanish order of Isabela the Catholic

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
1 Sheet (ca. 18 x 24 inches)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
1893
Scope and Contents:
The award was for Walter Hough's work on the Columbian Historical Exposition in Madrid, 1892.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7513
Local Note:
Electrostatic copy
Topic:
Columbian Historical Exposition, Madrid  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7513, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7513
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7513

MS 7512 Letter to Francis Hough

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Names:
Hough, Francis  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
November 19, 1919
Scope and Contents:
Letter by Hough to his son at college giving advice about studies and discovering and using one's abilities.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7512
Local Note:
Electrostatic copy of manuscript documents
Citation:
Manuscript 7512, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7512
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7512

MS 7219 Walter Hough notebook on "Collections, April-September 1901, Arizona"

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
96 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Place:
Arizona -- Archeology
Date:
1901
Scope and Contents:
Includes sketch maps of ruins and lists of artifacts with field numbers. Towards the back of the notebook there is a list of photographs and notes on shipments of artifacts.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7219
Topic:
United States National Museum-Gates Exposition  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7219, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7219
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7219

MS 2921 Report of explorations in Arizona

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
23 Pages
18 Photographs
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Photographs
Reports
Place:
Arizona -- Archeology
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
Includes views of Pueblo ruins, petroglyphs, Oak Creek Apache settlement.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2921
Topic:
Oak Creek -- Arizona -- Archeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Reports
Citation:
Manuscript 2921, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2921
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2921

MS 4663 Archaeological field notes from Arizona and New Mexico

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume
79 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Pages
Place:
Arizona -- Archeology
New Mexico -- Archeology
Date:
1917-1920
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4663
Citation:
Manuscript 4663, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4663
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4663

MS 4787 Historical Sketch of the Division of Ethnology [United States National Museum]

Creator:
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum Department of Anthropology Division of Ethnology  Search this
Extent:
90 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1906
Scope and Contents:
Includes chronological listing of Expositions, through which anthropological specimens reached the Museum.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4787
Local Note:
Autograph document
Citation:
Manuscript 4787, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4787
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4787

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