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Frick Company Records

Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Frick Company, George (Waynesboro, Pa.)  Search this
Former owner:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Frick, George, 1826-1892  Search this
Extent:
26 Cubic feet (49 boxes, 4 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Payrolls
Photographs
Purchasing records
Scrapbooks
Commercial correspondence
Clippings
Account books
Date:
1852-1961
bulk 1860-1920
Summary:
This collection documents, in correspondence, publications, forms, paperwork, drawings, newspaper clippings, diplomas and photographs, the operations and products of the Frick Company of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of steam-powered engines (portable, stationary, and traction), sawmills, threshing machines, grain separators and other mechanized agricultural harvesting implements, refrigeration, mechanical cooling systems, and ice making plants, from its founding in 1852 through 1961.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the founding and business operations of the Frick Company* of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of portable, stationary, and traction engines, threshing machines, sawmills, and refrigeration and ice making machinery. The collection covers the period from 1852 to 1961, with the bulk of the material dating from 1860-1873 and from 1880 through the 1920s and illuminates the evolution of mechanized agriculture and refrigeration technology from the mid-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century.

The largest portion of the collection contains photographs of Frick engines and refrigeration machinery, taken both in the foundry and in various installations worldwide, as well as original drawings of Frick machines, parts, and components used to illustrate catalogs and trade publications. Another large portion of the collection is correspondence, containing communication from clients ordering Frick products for their farms or businesses, as well as receipts and correspondence from local and regional suppliers of raw materials and components for the construction of Frick products.

The collection also contains numerous examples of operational paperwork from the 1880s-1890s, such as letterheads, order forms, contracts, test logs, and timesheets, as well as a significant amount of trade literature largely from 1880-1920, such as price lists, catalogs, product pamphlets, and advertising material.

There are several published company histories, technical drawings/blueprints of Frick products, diplomas awarded to Frick machinery presented at expositions and fairs (including the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893), full-color posters advertising Frick & Co., agent supplies (including telegraph cipher code books), accounting paperwork, payroll records, communications with shareholders, and significant documentation of the highly publicized labor dispute/strike at Frick in 1946.

This collection would be of interest to researchers in the areas of: agricultural machination and invention in the nineteeth century, steam and horse-powered engines, the development of refrigerating and ice making equipment in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, business operations and financial transactions in the nineteenth century, Pennsylvania history and companies, industrial photography, and nineteenth and twentieth centuries industrial trade literature.

*The name of the company was modified several times over the history of its operation, variations including George Frick, Frick & Bowman, Frick & Co., and Frick Company, depending on the time period in question. Efforts have been made to align the description of the materials throughout the collection with the correct company name at the time of their creation.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into six series:

Series 1: Publications, 1852, 1874-1875; 1880-1932; 1942-1943; 1953; 1961

Subseries 1.1 Company History, 1928; 1953

Suseries 1.2 Trade Literature, 1874-1875; 1880-1926; 1930; 1932; 1943; 1952-1953; 1960-1961

Subseries 1.3 Advertising Material, 1852; 1880-1899; 1905; 1909-1929; 1942

Series 2: Correspondence, Receipts, and Ledger Books, 1852-1873; 1890-1902; 1914; 1924-1925

Subseries 2.1 Receipts and Business Correspondence: by company, 1855-1873

Subseries 2.2 Receipts and Business Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1852-1873; 1890; 1895

Subseries 2.3 Ledger Books, 1872; 1896-1898; 1892-1894; 1900-1902

Subseries 2.4 Other Correspondence, 1861-1873; 1898-1901; 1914; 1917; 1924-1925

Series 3: Company Management, 1856-1873; circa 1880s-1890s; 1917; 1927-1929; 1945-1946

Subseries 3.1 Accounting, 1856-1897

Subseries 3.2 Sales, circa 1880s; 1917; 1927

Subseries 3.3 Communications, 1860-1917

Subseries 3.4 Public Relations, 1928-1929; 1945-1946

Series 4: Foundry Operations, 1859-1872; 1877-1879; circa 1880s-1890s; 1900-1903; 1911; 1921; 1929

Subseries 4.1 Orders, 1859-1872; circa 1880s-1890s;1900-1902

Subseries 4.2 Drawings/Blueprints, 1871-1911; 1921; 1929

Subseries 4.3 Shipping and Receiving, 1860-1873; circa 1880s-1890s

Subseries 4.4 Timesheets and Testing, 1860; 1868; 1877-1879; circa 1880s-1890s; 1903

Series 5: Photographs and Artistic Renderings, circa 1880-1950

Subseries 5.1 Frick Buildings, Offices, and Operations, circa 1880-1910

Subseries 5.2 Portable, Stationary, and Traction Engines, 1889; 1893-1896; 1906-1908; 1912-1915; 1925

Subseries 5.3 Other Machinery, circa 1890s

Subseries 5.4 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Vertical Compressors, 1883-1906; circa 1920s

Subseries 5.5 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Horizontal Compressors, circa 1910-1920

Subseries 5.6 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: CO2 Compressors and Later Models, circa 1920-1950; 1940-1941

Subseries 5.7 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Ice Plants, 1889; 1904; 1920-1927

Subseries 5.8 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Cold Storage Units, 1889; 1925; 1933; undated

Subseries 5.9 Installations: Ice Plants, 1892-1896; 1900-1933; 1945

Subseries 5.10 Installations: Refrigeration and Cold Storage Units, circa 1890-1905; circa 1915-1920

Series 6: Trade Shows and Exhibitions, 1877-1885; 1893; 1895; 1904; 1926

Subseries 6.1 Awards, Certificates, and Diplomas, 1877-1884; 1893; 1895; 1904

Subseries 6.2 Promotional Material, 1884-1885; 1926
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1852 by engineer and inventor George Frick (1826-1892), Frick Company has been an innovative machinery design leader in many areas of the agricultural and refrigeration industries over the last 160 years. Frick began building steam engines and threshing machines in a small shop in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania.

Frick quickly gained a reputation for quality in the growing field of mechanized agriculture. His designs for early portable engines--transported and driven by horsepower--soon evolved into self-propelling, steam-powered vehicles that could be driven into the fields and then used to run the grain separating, cleaning and bagging machines that were revolutionizing the farming industry, increasing production at exponential rates.

In addition, Frick's stationary engines were put to use in mills of all kinds (grist, flour, paper, and woolen) to augment or replace their dependence on unreliable natural water power, including sawmills, of which Frick was soon building a line of portable, steam-driven versions. Between the mid-1850s and the early 1870s, the company continued to expand, outgrowing three different shops before building the final location of the works in Waynesboro. George Frick himself was continuously active in the company through the end of the nineteenth century as a mechanical engineer and product designer, as well as a frequent consultant, traveling to confer with clients on specifications for their orders.

Beginning in 1872, George Frick's business and personal life took a downturn with the deaths in quick succession of both his oldest son Frank and his new business partner C.F. Bowman, as a result of a typhoid fever epidemic that swept through the area. Additionally, the financial Panic of 1873 nearly closed Frick's company along with thousands of other American businesses that year, but thirteen local businessmen formed a partnership, putting forth the necessary capital to keep the manufacturing plant afloat. George Frick sold his controlling interest to the partnership, but remained as general manager of the company.

After this brief period of struggle, Frick and Company began again to expand its product line as well as its reputation. The new works in Waynesboro were modern and efficient, enough to warrant a feature article in Scientific American in 1881. The following year, the company built its first refrigeration machine, and a whole new direction of production opened up. Automatic and traction engines were still in demand, being constantly improved and updated, but refrigeration was the new frontier. Frick rose to become one of the leaders in development of high quality, durable, and functional refrigeration machinery. George's son A.O. Frick, now an engineer with the company, partnered with Edgar Penney, another design engineer, to develop the Corliss engine line, which would run the large ammonia compressors, creating what was called a refrigeration machine. They were intially used to power ice plants, which were being built all over the world after the mild winter of 1890 tipped the natural ice industry into decline. They also used cold storage/mechanical cooling units, of which breweries and meat packing plants were the earliest adopters, followed by cold food stores, florist shops, and fur storage, as well as the dairy and shipping industries. The Armour Packing Plant in Kansas City, Missouri was the proud owner of "The Largest Ice Machine in the World," built by Frick and shipped by train via specially-reinforced rails in 1896. At the turn of the twentieth century, hotels, restaurants, hospitals and industrial plants soon began to rely on refrigeration units for daily operations, and Frick's business was booming.

As gas-powered engine technology began taking over in the first decades of the twentieth century, Frick moved away from steam engines and focused on more specialized farm equipment such as dehydrators, peanut pickers, combines, balers and silo fillers. Their line of sawmills was also still in high demand. But increasingly, Frick was focused on steadily refining and improving its refrigeration equipment. Ammonia, while highly efficient as a coolant, had its dangerous downsides: it could be fatal if leaked, and could contaminate plant ice easily. Although many of Frick's ammonia compression refrigeration machines were still in use forty or more years after installation and were still preferred for industrial use, the technology needed to improve in order to be viable for the general public. Several publicized accidents led eventually to the preferred use of chloroflorocarbons as a coolant, and Frick developed enclosed-type CO2 compressors and eventually freon units. Other Frick refrigeration products included machinery for making dry ice, air conditioning units, and temperature controls for test plants, as well as marine refrigeration (developed during the First World War) for shipping food between continents. Frick did contract work for the US military during and following World War II, and was a major company involved in the development of quick-freezing systems to support the growing frozen food industry starting in the late 1940s.

Frick Company positioned itself as a permanent leader in the food production and distribution industry by the 1950s. The company is still in operation today, though it has been purchased several times, most recently by Johnson Controls, which maintains a product line bearing the name Frick.
Related Materials:
The Archives Center holds several collections that may be of interest to researchers in relation to the Frick Company Collection.

For related material on Corliss engines, see the following collections:

Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company Records (AC 1088)

Corliss Steam Engine Album (AC 1016)

Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection (AC 1329)

Nagle Engine and Boiler Works Records (AC 1083)

Providence Engineering Works Records (AC 1076)

Skinner Engine Company Records (AC 1087)

Robert Weatherill Company Records (AC 0992)

For related material on threshing machines and agricultural machinery, see the following collections:

John K. Parlett Collection (AC 3066)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC 0060)

For related material on refrigeration machinery, see the following collections:

Madison Cooper Papers (AC 1105)

Nickerson and Collins Photography (AC 1044)

Southwork Foundry and Machine Company Records (AC 1107)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry holds artifacts related to this collection. See acquisition numbers AG79A09.1, MC 319243.12 and .13, and 58A9.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Frick Company, through Terry Mitchell in 1961.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Harvesting machinery  Search this
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery -- 1860-1960  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Payrolls
Photographs -- 20th century
Purchasing records
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Commercial correspondence
Clippings
Account books
Citation:
Frick Company Collection, 1852-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0293
See more items in:
Frick Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0293
Online Media:

Wilfred Charles Twiss photograph collection relating to Smithsonian expedition in Southern Utah

Collector:
Twiss, Wilfred Charles  Search this
Extent:
5 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Utah
Date:
circa 1910-1920
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting cliff dwellings, a natural bridge and rock formations, and part of the Smithsonian's expedition party with horses.
Biographical/Historical note:
Wilfred Charles Twiss was a botanist with the University of Utah and a member of a Smithsonian expedition to southern Utah, possibly with Neil Merton Judd or Jesse Walter Fewkes.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-58
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of cliff dwellings can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 3365, MS 2420, MS 3382, Photo Lot 30 and Photo Lot 77-69.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
cliff dwellings -- Utah  Search this
Natural bridges -- Utah  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-58, Wilfred Charles Twiss photograph collection relating to Smithsonian expedition in Southern Utah, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-58
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-58

Mrs. J. R. Falconer photograph collection relating to Sac and Fox Reservation

Collector:
Falconer, J.R., Mrs.  Search this
Extent:
5 Mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Place:
Sac and Fox Reservation (Iowa)
Date:
circa 1910-1920
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Sauk and Fox encampments on the Sac and Fox reservation near Tama, Iowa. They include images of dwellings, people, wagons, and horses.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-32
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Fox Indians -- Dwellings  Search this
Camps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-32, Mrs. J. R. Falconer photograph collection relating to Sac and Fox Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-32
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-32

4th Cavalry, K Troop, Honolulu [photographic postcard]

Collector:
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Hawaii -- 1890-1920
Honolulu (Hawaii) -- 1910-1920
Date:
[ca. 1912-1918]
Scope and Contents:
Cavalry mounted on horseback with musical instruments.
Postcard printed on Azo paper. With message, apparently from a K Troop band member ("this is a Photo of the Band...") and is addressed, but not stamped. Message identifies the unit. Photographer unidentified.
General:
Item No. 786, Series 1, Subseries 7, box 10 (1.7.786). "163" imprinted in negative, lower left.
Collection Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
OPPS. Neg. No., from 99-382 to 99-385 [needs to be checked]. Copyright probably expired and image is in public domain; however, the Smithsonian Institution makes no warranty or representation regarding the fitness for publication of information derived from or copies from its collections. Reproduction permission available through Archives Center.
Topic:
Cavalry horses  Search this
Horsemen and horsewomen  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1910-1920.  Search this
United States. Army -- 1910-1920.  Search this
Musicians -- 1900-1950  Search this
Cavalry -- 1910-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photographic postcards
Postcards -- 1910-1920
Picture postcards -- 1910-1920
Collection Citation:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera, ca. 1818-1931, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera / Series 1: Photographs / 1.7: Picture Postcards / 4th Cavalry, K Troop, Honolulu. Ca. 1912-1918. Photographic postcard. (PC 491)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0253-ref1983

4th Cavalry Band at Mid-Pacific Carnival, Honolulu [photographic postcard.]

Collector:
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 3.4" x 5.4")
Container:
Box 10, Item 785
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic postcards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Hawaii
Honolulu (Hawaii) -- 1910-1920
Date:
Circa 1912-1918
Scope and Contents:
Cavalry mounted on horseback with musical instruments.
Postcard printed on Azo paper. No message, no stamp. Inscription in negative, showing white at bottom of card: "72 / Mid-Pacific Carnival - Honolulu - Military Parade - 4th Cavalry Band."
Local Numbers:
AC0253-0000018 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use by appointment. Photographs must be handled with coton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Rights:
OPPS. Neg. No., from 99-382 to 99-385 [needs to be checked]. Public domain; however, the Smithsonian Institution makes no warranty or representation regarding the fitness for publication of information derived from or copies from its collections. Reproduction permission available through Archives Center.
Topic:
Cavalry horses  Search this
Horsemen and horsewomen  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1910-1920.  Search this
United States. Army -- 1910-1920.  Search this
Musicians -- 1900-1950  Search this
Cavalry -- 1910-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white photopirnts -- Silver gelatin -- Postcards
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Photographic postcards
Postcards -- 1910-1920
Picture postcards -- 1910-1920
Collection Citation:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera, ca. 1818-1931, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera / Series 1: Photographs / 1.7: Picture Postcards / 4th Cavalry Band at Mid-Pacific Carnival, Honolulu. Ca. 1910-1918. Photographic postcard. (PC 513)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0253-ref1990

U.S. Cavalry Band on the March at Ft. Ethan Allen, Vt. [photomechanical picture postcard,]

Collector:
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Photographer:
Bachmann, E.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 3.5" x 5.4")
Container:
Box 10, Item 787
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Vermont -- 1900-1910
Date:
Circa 1900-1910
Scope and Contents:
Cavalry mounted on horseback with musical instruments.
Somewhat coarsely printed photomechanical postcard. No message, no stamp. Caption at bottom of card includes "Photo by E. Bachmann" credit.
Local Numbers:
AC0253-0000019 (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
OPPS. Neg. No., from 99-382 to 99-385 [needs to be checked]. Copyright probably expired and image is in public domain; however, the Smithsonian Institution makes no warranty or representation regarding the fitness for publication of information derived from or copies from its collections. Reproduction permission available through Archives Center.
Topic:
Cavalry horses  Search this
Horsemen and horsewomen  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1910-1920.  Search this
United States. Army -- 1910-1920.  Search this
Musicians -- 1900-1950  Search this
Cavalry -- 1910-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Postcards -- 1910-1920
Picture postcards -- 1910-1920
Collection Citation:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera, ca. 1818-1931, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera / Series 1: Photographs / 1.7: Picture Postcards / "U. S. Cavalry Band on the March at Ft. Ethan Alien, Vt." Dates from before 1911. (PC 816)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0253-ref1991

110th Cavalry Band, Mounted National Guard (Chester E. Whiting, conductor) : [photomechanical picture postcard]

Collector:
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Manufacturer:
Fischer, Carl  Search this
Names:
Buescher Band Instruments Co.  Search this
United States. Army  Search this
Whiting, Chester E. (band conductor)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hazen, Margaret Hindle  Search this
Hazen, Robert M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Archival materials
Picture postcards
Postcards
Date:
[ca. 1936.]
Scope and Contents:
Cavalry mounted on horseback with musical instruments, shown in line from front, with another mounted figure, probably the conductor, in the foreground. Extensive text on card.
Somewhat coarsely printed photomechanical postcard. No message, no stamp. Card includes note about "Annual Canadian Concert Tours 1936 -- 1937 -- 1938" and endorsement for Buescher Band Instruments manufactured by Carl Fischer, Boston.
General:
Item No. 855, Series 1, Subseries 7, box 10 (1.7.855).
Collection Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
OPPS. Neg. No., from 99-382 to 99-385 [needs to be checked]. Probably copyrighted.
Topic:
Cavalry horses  Search this
Horsemen and horsewomen  Search this
Cavalry  Search this
Musicians -- 1930-1940  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1930-1940  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards -- 1930-1940
Postcards -- 1930-1940
Picture postcards -- 1910-1920
Collection Citation:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera, ca. 1818-1931, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera
Hazen Collection of Band Photographs and Ephemera / Series 1: Photographs / 1.7: Picture Postcards / 110th Cavalry Band, Mounted National Guard. Advertises concert tours for 1936-38. Card carries endorsement for Buescher instruments manufactured by Carl Fischer. (PC 862)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0253-ref1992

[Soldiers and civilians posing with line of horses in background.] [Active no. 11823 : stereo Interpositive.]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24783
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Photographs  Search this
Camps  Search this
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24693-24794
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22546

[Large contingent of soldiers with rifles marching toward bridge over river to city square in background, civilians watching.] Active no. 11825 : stereo Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24785
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Photographs  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Dogs  Search this
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Parades  Search this
Plazas  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24693-24794
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22548

[Field of large army tents. Active no. 11837 : stereo interpositive]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Date:
[ca. 1917-1918.]
Local Numbers:
RSN 24797
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Photographs  Search this
Camps  Search this
Dogs  Search this
Horses  Search this
Tents  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22560

[British military funeral cortege in a city street.] 11866 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24826
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Ambulances  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Parades  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22589

[Groups of soldiers relaxing in open field with stacked rifles.] 11870 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24830
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Rifles  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22593

[Dead soldier and dead horses in street of almost totally destroyed village.] 11881 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24843
General:
Similar to RSN 24844.
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32]..
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Destruction  Search this
Disasters  Search this
Horses  Search this
War  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22606

[Dead soldier and dead horses in street of almost totally destroyed village.] 11881 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24844
General:
Similar to RSN 24843.
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Destruction  Search this
Disasters  Search this
Horses  Search this
War  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22607

[Soldiers on horse-drawn carts along country road.] 11893 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24853
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Roads  Search this
Wagons  Search this
War  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22616

[Soldiers with horses on city street.] 11904 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24865
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
Streets  Search this
War  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22628

[Line of horse-drawn artillery pieces in field.] 11913 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 24873
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
91
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Artillery  Search this
Guns  Search this
Horses  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
War  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22636

[Cavalry troops parade down city street in England.] 11911 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
England
Local Numbers:
RSN 24874
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.40 [32].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Flags -- England  Search this
Horses -- England  Search this
Military -- England  Search this
Parades -- England  Search this
Streets -- England  Search this
Wagons -- England  Search this
War -- England  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24795-24897
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref22637

[Group of soldiers, possibly prisoners of war, some slightly wounded, walking surrounded by horse-mounted guards : stereo interpositive.]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 25279
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.2.43 [143].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Stereographs  Search this
Battlefields  Search this
Prisoners  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
War  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 25204-25310
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref23042

[Overview of major war destruction, including dead horses, damaged railroad cars.] 14350 interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 25291
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.2.43 [143].
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Stereographs  Search this
Battlefields  Search this
Destruction  Search this
Horses  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Railroads -- Trains  Search this
War  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 25204-25310
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref23054

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