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Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 9/16 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Houston, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Oakland, Alameda County, California, United States, North and Central America
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1984
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Communities  Search this
Dance  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
Hollywood (Film)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Olympics  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a99826b2-563a-492a-9d22-e03c2c02f99c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.18
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Simple Speaks His Mind

Title:
Book inscribed from Langston Hughes to Lena Horne
Written by:
Langston Hughes, American, 1902 - 1967  Search this
Published by:
Simon & Schuster, Inc., founded 1924  Search this
Owned by:
Lena Horne, American, 1917 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) and cardboard with plastic
Dimensions:
8 1/8 x 5 7/8 x 7/8 in. (20.6 x 14.9 x 2.2 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Date:
1950
Topic:
African American  Search this
Actors  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Literature  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.27.3.1
Restrictions & Rights:
©1950 by Langston Hughes, renewed 1978 George Houston Bass. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Harlem Renaissance (New Negro Movement)
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53e47e144-720a-49df-8c70-c5f9b6a9f7fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.27.3.1

Fields of Wonder: A book of lyric poems

Title:
Book inscribed from Langston Hughes to Lena Horne
Written by:
Langston Hughes, American, 1902 - 1967  Search this
Published by:
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., American, founded 1915  Search this
Owned by:
Lena Horne, American, 1917 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
paper (fiber product) and cardboard with plastic
Dimensions:
8 5/8 x 5 7/8 x 3/4 in. (21.9 x 14.9 x 1.9 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Date:
1947
Topic:
African American  Search this
Actors  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Literature  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.27.3.2
Restrictions & Rights:
©1947 Langston Hughes, renewed 1974 George Houston Bass. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Harlem Renaissance (New Negro Movement)
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f47128ff-00f8-449d-bcbe-21edc5bc9fd4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.27.3.2

Masters of the Dew: A Novel of Haiti

Title:
Book inscribed from Langston Hughes to Lena Horne
Written by:
Jacques Roumain, Haitian, 1907 - 1944  Search this
Published by:
Reynal & Hitchcock, American, 1933 - 1948  Search this
Translated by:
Langston Hughes, American, 1902 - 1967  Search this
Will Mercer Cook, American, 1903 - 1987  Search this
Owned by:
Lena Horne, American, 1917 - 2010  Search this
Medium:
paper (fiber product) and cardboard with plastic
Dimensions:
8 x 5 1/2 x 3/4 in. (20.3 x 14 x 1.9 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Date:
1947
Topic:
African American  Search this
Actors  Search this
Caricature and cartoons  Search this
Literature  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.27.3.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1947 Reynal & Hitchcock . Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Harlem Renaissance (New Negro Movement)
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bbe8d44b-5a41-4064-b5fb-7d7206cfb817
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.27.3.3

Horne, Lena

Series Creator:
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Container:
Box 42, Folder 2
Box 106, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Series Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Series 1: Black and White Photographs
Scurlock Studio Records, Series 1: Black and White Photographs / 1.1: Clients Black and White Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s01-ref2811

Horne, Lena

Subseries Creator:
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Container:
Box 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Circa 1937
Scope and Contents note:
Subject/Sitter: By Addison N. Scurlock
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client / 4.6.1: Black and white negatives Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-06-ref10874

Horne, Lena

Subseries Creator:
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Container:
Box 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Circa 1937
Scope and Contents note:
Subject/Sitter: By Addison N. Scurlock
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client / 4.6.1: Black and white negatives Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-06-ref10876

Horne, Lena

Collection Producer:
Haizlip, Ellis B., 1929-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Medical documents, financial materials and some correspondence in Career series are restricted. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Ellis B. Haizlip papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Ellis B. Haizlip papers, Anacostia Communityh Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Doris Sanders.
See more items in:
Ellis B. Haizlip Papers
Ellis B. Haizlip Papers / Series 2: Career / 2.3: Productions / Tributes
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-005-ref670

Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Films Collection

Performer:
Carmichael, Hoagy  Search this
Arnaz, Desi, 1917-1986  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Waller, Fats, 1904-1943  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Clooney, Rosemary  Search this
Singer:
Mills Brothers.  Search this
Donor:
Liman, Ruth  Search this
Liman, Ben  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1930s-1940s.
Summary:
16mm motion picture films, produced in the 1930s and 1940s by various film production companies, documenting performances by jazz and popular music performers, including Cab Calloway, Fats Waller, Lena Horne, the Mills Brothers, and Rosemary Clooney, and others listed below.
Scope and Contents:
Five (5) reels of 16mm motion picture film created in the 1940s by various commercial film production companies, featuring performances by jazz and popular music performers. Individual titles have been assembled into compilation reels by the donor.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection (NMAH.AC.0491)

Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection (NMAH.AC.0808)
Provenance:
The Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Film Collection was donated to the Archives Center in 2001.
Restrictions:
No reference copies exist. If their condition allow the films may be viewed.
Rights:
Copyright and related intellectual property rights issues may restrict reproduction.
Topic:
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Film Collection, 1930s-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0775
See more items in:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Films Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0775

[Musical Shorts – Compilation Reel]

Collection Performer:
Carmichael, Hoagy  Search this
Arnaz, Desi, 1917-1986  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Waller, Fats, 1904-1943  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Clooney, Rosemary  Search this
Collection Singer:
Mills Brothers.  Search this
Collection Donor:
Liman, Ruth  Search this
Liman, Ben  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel (16mm black and white composite optical track print, 1665 ft.)
Container:
Reel OF 775.2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Reels
Date:
1940s
Scope and Contents:
Compilation reel created by donor consisting of:

1."Lazy Bones" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America (Official Films) Copyright: 1941 Performers: Hoagy Carmichael, Dorothy Dandridge, Peter Ray

2. "Virginia, Georgia, and Carolina" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1942 Performers: Cab Calloway and His Orchestra

3."The Band Parade" Corporate Creator: Castle Films Copyright: 1949 Performers: Tony Pastor and His Band

4. "Musical Film Revue" Corporate Creator: Official Films Performers:

5. "The Band Parade" Corporate Creator: Castle Films Copyright: 1949 Performers: Tommy Tucker and his band.

6. "Lazy Rhythms" Corporate Creator: Official Films Copyright: Performers: Mills Brothers

7. "Boogie Woogie Dream" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America (Official Films) Copyright: 1944 Performer: Lena Horne
Collection Restrictions:
No reference copies exist. If their condition allow the films may be viewed.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and related intellectual property rights issues may restrict reproduction.
Collection Citation:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Film Collection, 1930s-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Films Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0775-ref511

[Musical Shorts – Jazz and Western]

Collection Performer:
Carmichael, Hoagy  Search this
Arnaz, Desi, 1917-1986  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Waller, Fats, 1904-1943  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Clooney, Rosemary  Search this
Collection Singer:
Mills Brothers.  Search this
Collection Donor:
Liman, Ruth  Search this
Liman, Ben  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel (16mm black and white composite optical track print, 1100 ft.)
Container:
Reel OF 775.3
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Reels
Date:
1940s
Scope and Contents:
Compilation reel created by donor consisting of:

1.[No Title] Corporate Creator: Techniprocess Production Copyright: Performers:

2. "Say Si Si' Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1941 Performers:

3. "Siboney" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1943 Performers: Gerald Marks and his orchestra

4. "Sweet Hawaiian Dreams" Corporate Creator: Movie Newsreels Copyright: Performers:

5. "Que Buena es la Conga" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1943 Performers: Herbert Curbelo and his orchestra

6. "Jazz and Jitters" [Jiveroo] Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America (Castle Films) Copyright: 1943 Performers: Harry Day, June Taylor dancers, Billy Burt

7. " Breakfast in Rhythm" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America (Castle Films) Copyright: 1943 Performers: The Three Chefs

8. "Let's Sing a Western Song" Corporate Creator: Castle Films Copyright: 1934 Performers: Song Titles: "Home On the Range" "Wagon Wheel" "Red River Valley" "Deep In the Heart of Texas"
Collection Restrictions:
No reference copies exist. If their condition allow the films may be viewed.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and related intellectual property rights issues may restrict reproduction.
Collection Citation:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Film Collection, 1930s-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Films Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0775-ref512

[Musical Shorts]

Collection Performer:
Carmichael, Hoagy  Search this
Arnaz, Desi, 1917-1986  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Waller, Fats, 1904-1943  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Clooney, Rosemary  Search this
Collection Singer:
Mills Brothers.  Search this
Collection Donor:
Liman, Ruth  Search this
Liman, Ben  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel (16mm black and white composite optical track print, 1500 ft.)
Container:
Reel OF 775.4
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Reels
Date:
1940s
Scope and Contents:
Compilation reel created by donor consisting of:

1."Rhumba New York" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1943 Performer: Caridad Garcia

2. "Trumpet Serenade" Corporate Creator: Universal Copyright: 1942 Performer: Harry James

3. "First Kiss" Corporate Creator: Copyright: Performers:

4. "Ain't Misbehavin'" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1941 Performer: Fats Waller

5. "Blues In the Night" Corporate Creator: Soundies Distributing Corp. of America Copyright: 1942 Performers: Cab Calloway and his orchestra

6. "The Band Parade" Corporate Creator: Castle Films Copyright: Performers: Ted Lewis and his band Song Titles: "Sunny Side of the Street" "Me and My Shadow" "Three Blind Mice" "Isn't She Pretty?" "I'm the Leader of the Band"

7. "The Music Album" Corporate Creator: Castle Films Copyright: Performers: Desi Arnez and his orchestra, Ethel Smith Song Titles: (selections from the film CUBAN PETE, 1946) "Tropical Swing" "The Breeze and I"
Collection Restrictions:
No reference copies exist. If their condition allow the films may be viewed.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and related intellectual property rights issues may restrict reproduction.
Collection Citation:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Film Collection, 1930s-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Films Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0775-ref513

[Unidentified Musical Short]

Collection Performer:
Carmichael, Hoagy  Search this
Arnaz, Desi, 1917-1986  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Waller, Fats, 1904-1943  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Clooney, Rosemary  Search this
Collection Singer:
Mills Brothers.  Search this
Collection Donor:
Liman, Ruth  Search this
Liman, Ben  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel (16mm black and white optical track print, 100 ft.)
Container:
Reel OF 775.5
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Reels
Date:
circa 1942
Restrictions:
This reel is extremely shrunken and has numerous torn sprocket holes as well as other tears. THIS REEL CANNOT BE VIEWED.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and related intellectual property rights issues may restrict reproduction.
Collection Citation:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Film Collection, 1930s-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ben and Ruth Liman Jazz Films Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0775-ref514

Horne, Lena

Collection Photographer:
Schiedt, Duncan P., 1921-2014  Search this
Container:
Box 20, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943-1960
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Duncan Schiedt Jazz Collection, 1900-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection
Duncan P. Schiedt Photograph Collection / Series 2: Photographic Materials / 2.2: Artist Files Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1323-ref598

Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Former owner:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford Mr  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑ ) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Online Media:

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

I Ain't Got Nothin' But the Blues; As Long As I Live

Recording artist:
Horne, Lena  Search this
Maker:
Victor  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
Phonorecord
Other Terms:
Phonorecord; 78 Rmp
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Camden
Date made:
ca 1944
Subject:
Music  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles H. Zierdt, Ph.D.
ID Number:
1984.0569.54
Accession number:
1984.0569
Catalog number:
1984.0569.54
Maker number:
20-1626
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Sound Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-0661-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_679797

Stan Kenton & Orchestra; Lena Horne / Louis Jordan

Recording artist:
Horne, Lena  Search this
Jordan, Louis  Search this
Stan Kenton and his Orchestra  Search this
Maker:
Armed Forces Radio Service  Search this
Physical Description:
vinyl (overall material)
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 16 in; 40.64 cm
Object Name:
Phonorecord
Other Terms:
Phonorecord; 33 1/3 Rpm
Place made:
United States
Subject:
Music  Search this
Credit Line:
Carl Vinson Veterans Administration Medical Center
ID Number:
1980.0692.023
Maker number:
SSL-161
SSL-162
1980.0692.023
Accession number:
1980.0692
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-a52b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_670388

St. Louis Blues; Memphis Blues

Recording artist:
Horne, Lena  Search this
Dixieland Jazz Group of NBC's CHAMBER MUSIC SOCIETY of Lower Basin Street  Search this
Maker:
Victor  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Other Terms:
sound recording; 78 rpm
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Camden
Date made:
1941
Subject:
Music  Search this
Related Publication:
Rust, Brian. Jazz Records 1897-1942, Vol. 2
Credit Line:
Gift of Asbeth Lee and Jack M. Eichner
ID Number:
1979.1023.154
Accession number:
1979.1023
Maker number:
27542
P 82
Catalog number:
1979.1023.154
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Family & Social Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-6305-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_668466
Online Media:

Beale Street Blues; Joe Turner Blues

Recording artist:
Horne, Lena  Search this
Dixieland Jazz Group of NBC's CHAMBER MUSIC SOCIETY of Lower Basin Street  Search this
Maker:
Victor  Search this
Physical Description:
shellac (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 in; 25.4 cm
Object Name:
sound recording
Other Terms:
sound recording; 78 rpm
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Camden
Date made:
1941
Subject:
Music  Search this
Related Publication:
Rust, Brian. Jazz Records 1897-1942, Vol. 2
Credit Line:
Gift of Asbeth Lee and Jack M. Eichner
ID Number:
1979.1023.155
Accession number:
1979.1023
Maker number:
27543
P 82
Catalog number:
1979.1023.155
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Sound Recordings
Popular Entertainment
Family & Social Life
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-ef0d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_668467
Online Media:

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