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Ludwig Sander papers

Creator:
Sander, Ludwig, 1906-  Search this
Names:
Castelli, Leo  Search this
De Kooning, Elaine  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Hagen, Yvonne  Search this
Honegger, Gottfried, 1917-  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Kootz, Samuel Melvin, 1898-1982  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram, 1913-2003  Search this
Vytlacil, Vaclav, 1892-1984  Search this
Extent:
2.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Exhibition catalogs
Sketchbooks
Date:
1910-1975
Summary:
The papers of American New York School painter Ludwig Sander measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1975. Found are biographical materials primarily consisting of army records; correspondence with family and colleagues discussing exhibitions and other art-related activities; diaries; personal scattered business records; address books and art history typescripts; sketchbooks and illustrations for magazines; photographs of Sander, his colleagues, his travels, and exhibition openings; and miscellaneous printed material. The collection documents Sander's career and interactions with some of the most important modern artists of twentieth century.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of American New York School painter Ludwig Sander measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1975. Found within the collection are biographical materials primarily consisting of army records; correspondence with family and colleagues discussing exhibitions and other art-related activities; diaries containing brief annotations of daily activities; personal business records including studio leases, teaching contracts, and miscellaneous receipts; notes and writings including address books and art history typescripts; art work consisting primarily of sketchbooks and illustrations for magazines; photographs of Sander, his colleagues, his travels, and exhibition openings; and miscellaneous printed material. The collection Sander's career and interactions with some of the most important artists of 20th century modern art.

Chronological correspondence primarily consists of letters from Sanders to his mother during his army service, and letters from his colleagues discussing exhibitions and other art-related activities. Correspondents include Clement Greenberg, Philip Guston, Yvonne Hagen, Gottfried Honegger, Sam Kootz, and Vaclav Vytlacil. There are single letters from Georgi Daskaloff, Philip Johnson, Richard Neutra, George Plimpton, and Maximilian Schell, and an invitation to a croquet party from Willem and Elaine De Kooning, Sander, Nancy Ward, and Franz Kline.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Biographical Material, 1927-1969 (Box 1, 4; 9 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1931-1975 (Box 1; 28 folders)

Series 3: Diaries, 1931-1973 (Box 1; 11 folders)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1953-1974, undated (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1951-1960, undated (Box 2; 8 folders)

Series 6: Art Work, circa 1930s-1970s (Box 2, 4; 18 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1910-1973, undated (Box 2, 4; 34 folders)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1926-1975, undated (Box 2-5; 30 folders)
Biographical Note:
American painter Ludwig Sander was born on July 18, 1906 in Staten Island, New York. After independent studies with Boardman Robinson and Alexander Archipenko, he attended the Art Students' League from 1928 to 1930. From 1931 to 1932, Sander studied art in Paris and with Hans Hofmann in Munich. While in Europe, he befriended many other artists including Balcomb Greene, Reuben Nakian, and Vaclav Vytlacil.

After Army service from 1942 to 1945, Sander returned to school, earning a B.A. in Art History from New York University in 1952. He taught at various schools including the Art Students' League, the School of Visual Art, and the University of Pennsylvania. He was also a charter member of The Club, a postwar group of New York artists famous for its polemic discussions.

From 1959, Sander regularly exhibited his art work and had solo exhibitions at prominent galleries including the Leo Castelli Gallery, Kootz Gallery, and the Knoedler Gallery. His work is in the permanent collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Guggenheim Museum, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Ludwig Sander died July 3, 1975 in New York City.
Separated Materials:
Also available at the Archives of American Art are materials lent for microfilming (reel 32) consisting of printed material including catalogs and announcements, a biography, and reviews and articles by and about Sander, including excerpts from Sander's column in Saturday Review. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Ludwig Sander loaned printed material for microfilming in 1970. The Ludwig Sander papers were donated by the artist's widow, Kate Sander, in 1975.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Exhibition catalogs
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Ludwig Sander papers, 1910-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sandludw
See more items in:
Ludwig Sander papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sandludw

George Sugarman papers

Creator:
Sugarman, George, 1912-1999  Search this
Names:
Honegger, Gottfried, 1917-  Search this
Jaffe, Shirley, 1923-  Search this
Kushner, Robert, 1949-  Search this
Extent:
12.22 Linear feet
21.83 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Drawings
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Date:
1912-2001
Summary:
The papers of painter and sculptor George Sugarman measure 12.22 linear feet and 21.83 GB and date from 1912 to 2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1959 to 1999. The collection documents Sugarman's career as a sculptor primarily through correspondence, project files, exhibition files, writings, and photographs. The collection also includes address and appointment books, business and financial records, and printed material. A partially processed addition consisting of audio (3 sound cassettes) and video recordings (1 video reel, 1/2", 11 videocassettes, 7 U-matic and 4 VHS), and one Super 8 mm motion picture film, as well as digital copies of the film and video recordings, includes lectures by Sugarman, documentaries about Sugarman and his sculptures, and radio and television appearances by Sugarman.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and sculptor George Sugarman measure 12.22 linear feet and 21.83 GB and date from 1912 to 2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1959 to 1999. The collection documents Sugarman's career as a sculptor primarily through correspondence, project files, exhibition files, writings, and photographs. The collection also includes address and appointment books, business and financial records, and printed material. A partially processed addition consisting of audio (3 sound cassettes) and video recordings (1 video reel, 1/2", 11 videocassettes, 7 U-matic and 4 VHS), and one Super 8 mm motion picture film, as well as digital copies of the film and video recordings, includes lectures by Sugarman, documentaries about Sugarman and his sculptures, and radio and television appearances by Sugarman.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence with family members, friends, artists, and scholars, reflecting Sugarman's diverse influences and interests. The project files and exhibition files illustrate Sugarman's prolific career as an artist and document Sugarman's numerous projects and exhibitions abroad, particularly in Japan.

The writings by Sugarman are noteworthy as they reveal the integral relationship between Sugarman's philosophical theories about art and his actual works of art. The business and financial records mainly document expenses incurred while working on various projects and exhibitions and while traveling. Maps, clippings, and brochures from Sugarman's many travels are included as well as exhibition catalogs and announcements for Sugarman and others. The collection also contains photographs of George Sugarman and his artwork, dating mostly from the 1970s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into ten series. Series are arranged by type of material; materials within series are arranged alphabetically by name or by type of material and then chronologically. Series 10 is unprocessed.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1912-2000, n.d. (Box 1; 9 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1959-2001, n.d. (Boxes 1-3, OV 8; 2.9 linear feet)

Series 3: Project Files, 1968-1997, n.d. (Boxes 3-4; 1 linear foot)

Series 4: : Exhibition Files, 1965-1993, n.d. (Boxes 4-5, OV 8; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 5: Writings, 1951-1992, n.d. (Box 5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Address and Appointment Books, 1972-1997, n.d. (Boxes 5-6; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Business and Financial Records, 1962-1998, n.d. (Box 6; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1954-1999, n.d. (Boxes 6-7, OV 8; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographs, 1966-1981, n.d. (Box 7; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 10: Sound and Moving Image Material, 1972-1990 (Box 9, FC 10; 1.2 linear feet, ER01-ER13; 21.83 GB)
Biographical Note:
George Sugarman was a painter and sculptor who disliked labels because he believed they oversimplified the complexity of art, and Sugarman's artwork, like the artist himself, resists classification and oversimplification. Although he was influenced by Surrealist imagery, Cubist ideas of space, Baroque sculpture, and Abstract Expressionism, Sugarman's sculptures also display a musical quality, reflecting his interest in jazz music and improvisation. Sugarman was a pioneer in the use of color in sculpture and is probably best known for his large, polychrome aluminum sculptures.

Sugarman made the decision to become an artist relatively late in life. Born in New York on May 11, 1912, he studied at City College in New York and graduated with a B.A. in 1934. After serving in the United States Navy from 1941 until 1945, he attended evening classes at Museum of Modern Art. At the age of 39, George Sugarman traveled to Paris to study painting under the GI Bill of Rights. While in Paris, he decided to study sculpture with Ossip Zadkine and began creating wood carvings and terra-cotta sculptures. Over the next few years, Sugarman traveled to Italy and Spain, studying Baroque sculpture and architecture. He was particularly attracted to the work of Bernini and to Bernini's use of space.

Sugarman returned to New York in 1955 and began working with laminated wood. In order to support himself, he accepted a job teaching carpentry at a private school. He joined the Brata Gallery in 1957 and helped found the New Sculpture Group. A few years later, Sugarman received major recognition of his work by winning second prize in sculpture at the Pittsburgh International Exhibition. Sugarman went on to win a Longview Foundation Grant, a Ford Foundation Grant for his work at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop, and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts.

In the 1960s, Sugarman began working on large painted-aluminum sculptures and completed his first outdoor sculpture at the Xerox Building in El Segundo, Calif. in 1969. Many of Sugarman's outdoor sculptures generated intense controversy, particularly his sculpture for the Edward A. Garmatz Federal Building and Courthouse in Baltimore, but he was devoted to his belief in the social as well as aesthetic importance of public art. Sugarman saw public sculpture as a "metaphor for the human condition" and as a way to transcend what he called the "indoor eye," the eye which views art in isolation from its physical and social environment.

Sugarman taught at the Graduate School of Hunter College in New York City from 1960 until 1970 and served as visiting Associate Professor at the Yale University Graduate School of Art from 1967 to 1968. Sugarman was a prolific artist, participating in numerous one-man shows, group exhibitions, and competitions all over the world, yet recognition of his talent came almost a decade later in the United States than in Europe. His works are in major collections including the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Art Institute of Chicago. George Sugarman died on August 25, 1999.
Related Material:
The transcript and audiotapes of an interview with George Sugarman conducted by Paul Cummings in 1974 for the Archives of American Art's Oral History Program is available at the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming. Reel N70-50 and N70-51 includes biographical material, an essay about George Sugarman, exhibition catalogs and announcements dating from 1954 to 1960, a certificate, writings by Sugarman, and correspondence dating 1953-1970. The originals of most of these materials were included in later donations. Reel N70-50 also contains a substantial number of photographs of Sugarman's natural wood sculptures from the late 1950s, his early works in wood, clay, and plaster dating from 1951 to 1958, his drawings and paintings from the late 1960s, installations and works in progress from 1960 to 1970, and photographs of Sugarman working in the studio in the 1960s. There are also twelve sketchbooks and loose pages dating from 1943 to 1958, which document Sugarman's travels to the South Pacific, New York City, France, Spain, and North Africa. Lent material not included in later gifts remain with the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
In 1970, George Sugarman lent material to the Archives of American Art for microfilming. In 1980 and 1983, George Sugarman donated portions of the material previously lent, along with additional materials. Additional materials were donated by Sugarman's niece, Arden Sugarman Eilopolous, in 1999 and 2000. In 2006, the Sugarman Foundation via Arden Sugarman donated the audio and video recordings.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Microfilmed portion must be consulted on microfilm. Use of unmicrofilmed portion requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
George Sugarman papers, 1912-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sugageor
See more items in:
George Sugarman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sugageor
Online Media:

Martha Jackson Gallery records

Creator:
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Names:
Anderson, David K., 1935-  Search this
Appel, Karel, 1921-  Search this
Bacon, Francis, 1909-1992  Search this
Benrimo, Tom, 1887-1958  Search this
Boynton, Jack, 1928-2010  Search this
Bultman, Fritz, 1919-1985  Search this
Burri, Alberto, 1915-  Search this
Calcagno, Lawrence, 1913-  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Honegger, Gottfried, 1917-  Search this
Hultberg, John, 1922-  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012  Search this
Jones, Paul Haller, 1917-  Search this
Kruger, Louise, 1924-  Search this
Leslie, Alfred, 1927-  Search this
Lobdell, Frank, 1921-  Search this
Marini, Marino, 1901-1980  Search this
Nicholson, Ben, 1894-  Search this
Otero Rodríguez, Alejandro  Search this
Pozzatti, Rudy, 1925-  Search this
Richier, Germaine, 1904-1959  Search this
Scott, William, 1913-  Search this
Teshigawara, Sofu, 1900-  Search this
Ting, Walasse  Search this
Extent:
200 Items (ca. 200 items (on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1954-1964
Scope and Contents:
Artists' files, containing mainly correspondence with Jackson and her son David Anderson concerning exhibitions. Some files also contain resumes, price lists, exhibition catalogs, checklists, and receipts. Also included is a letter from John Hultberg, 1963.
Reel D246: Files on: Karel Appel, Francis Bacon, Tom Benrimo, James W. Boynton, Fritz Bultman, Alberto Burri, Lawrence Calcagno, Sam Francis, Gottfried Honegger, John Hultberg, Paul Jenkins, Paul Haller Jones, Louise Kruger, Alfred Leslie, Frank Lobdell, Marino Marini, Ben Nicholson, Alejandro Otero, Rudy Pozzatti, Germaine Richier, William Scott, Sofu Teshigahara, Walasse Ting and others. Included is a file on the Gutai avant-garde artists group of Japan.
Reel 2814: a letter, March 29, 1963, from John Hultberg in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. Hultberg writes of the artist colony there, the difficulty of acquiring artist supplies in Mexico, studio arrangements, his sense "of serenity," his plans, and arrangements for an upcoming exhibition at the Martha Jackson Gallery.
Biographical / Historical:
Martha Jackson opened her Gallery in New York City at 22 E. 66th St., moving three years later to 32 E. 69th St. The gallery specialized in modern American and European painting and sculpture, particularly Abstract Expressionists. Her son, David Anderson, worked with Jackson and took over the gallery after her death in 1969.
Related Materials:
Additional Martha Jackson Gallery records are available at the University of Buffalo Art Galleries.
Provenance:
Material on reel D246 was lent for microfilming by the Martha Jackson Gallery, September 1965. One letter from John Hultberg (reel 2814) was donated.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art dealers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Identifier:
AAA.martjack
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-martjack

Gottfried Honegger: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, Swiss  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF001449
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_139945

Gottfried Honegger : Tableaux-Reliefs/Skulpturen, 1970-1983 / Serge Lemoine, Maurice Besset, Helmut Heissenbüttel

Title:
Tableaux-Reliefs/Skulpturen, 1970-1983
Author:
Lemoine, Serge  Search this
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Besset, Maurice  Search this
Heissenbüttel, Helmut 1921-  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Physical description:
133 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_774346

Gottfried Honegger : tableaux-reliefs, sculptures : 25. Januar bis 10. März, 1963

Author:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Gimpel & Hanover Galerie  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : ill. (2 col., 1 folded), port. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1963
[1963]
Call number:
N7153.H64 A4 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_638221

Gottfried Honegger : painting-reliefs and sculptures : Mar. 1964

Author:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Gimpel Fils  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[12] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
1964?
Call number:
N7153.H64 A4 1964
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_638284

Gottfried Honegger : 10. Apr. - 15. Mai, 1976

Author:
Gimpel & Hanover Galerie  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : ill. ; 15 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
1976?
Call number:
N7153.H64 A4 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_638285

Gottfried Honegger : tableau-reliefs, sculptures / Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer Ltd, April 7-25, 1970

Author:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1970
Call number:
NB853.H67 A4 1970
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_641804

Honegger : Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris, 8 juin-23 juillet 1978 : Centre international de création artistique de Sénanque, Gordes, 29 juillet-25 septembre 1978 :Galerie Nouvelles images, La Haye, 28 octobre-22 novembre 1978

Author:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris  Search this
Centre international de création artistique de Sénanque  Search this
Galerie Nouvelles images  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1978
Call number:
NB853.H67 A4 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_651392

Arbeiten aus den Jahren 1939 bis 1971. Oeuvres des années 1939 à 1971. Works from 1939 to 1971. [Von] Gottfried Honegger. [Mit Beitr. von] Kurt W. Forster, Max Frisch, Aleksis Rannit, Herbert Read, Willy Rotzler, Michel Seuphor. (Franz. und engl. Übers. [von] C[laudia] Neuenschwander und Hélène Béguin.)

Author:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Forster, Kurt Walter  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Physical description:
98 p. (on double leaves) illus. 21 x 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
(1972)
Call number:
N7153.H65 F67
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_654512

Gottfried Honegger, catalogue des sculptures, 1953-1983 : annexe, architecture / Serge Lemoine

Author:
Lemoine, Serge  Search this
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Subject:
Honegger, Gottfried 1917- Catalogs  Search this
Physical description:
[146] leaves : ill., plans, ports. ; 21 x 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1984
[1984?]
Call number:
NB.853.H66.A4.1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_654863

Environment; Bonalumi, Cruz-Diez, Honegger. [Gesamtherstellung: Friedrich Wilhelm Crüwell

Author:
Bonalumi, Agostino 1935-  Search this
Cruz Diez, Carlos 1923-  Search this
Honegger, Gottfried 1917-  Search this
Crüwell, Friedrich Wilhelm  Search this
Museum am Ostwall (Dortmund, Germany)  Search this
Physical description:
39 p. plates (part col.) 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1968
1968]
Call number:
N5070.D85 E5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_668730

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