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Perls Galleries records

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Austin, Darrel, 1907-  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Cafritz, Morris, 1886?-1964  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Canaday, John, 1907-1985  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine, 1892-1967  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1917-1987  Search this
Garbo, Greta, 1905-1990  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Luce, Henry, III, 1925-2005  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Priebe, Karl J., 1914-1976  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Extent:
79.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1937-1997
Summary:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.

Correspondence primarily discusses sales (and includes invoices), loans, and exhibitions, as well as more routine activities such as gallery maintenance, the printing of exhibition catalogs and letterhead, and the shipment, framing, or restoration of artwork. Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork, and clippings. A few letters contain oversize architectural or engineering drawings, and a small handful of letters are illustrated.

Correspondents include artists such as Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

The records contain nearly thirty-two linear feet of photographs and negatives. Photographs are of artists and the inventory of the gallery's artwork. Additional photographs represent artwork either by artists not represented by the gallery or not included in the gallery's inventory. Most of the photographs are black and white. Over fifteen linear feet of negatives are of gallery stock. Photographs are also found in the exhibition files.

There is a relatively small amount of records relating to exhibitions, loans, and sales. Found are exhibition lists, schedules, invitations and announcements, photographs of exhibition installations, press releases, and records of loans to other institutions and galleries. Sales records include artist lists, inventory lists, invoices, pick up and delivery receipts, and price lists.

Printed materials include a large number of clippings and an incomplete run of catalogs from Perls Galleries exhibitions between 1939 and 1980.

The collection also includes ten original pencil drawings from John Canaday's series entitled My Beautiful Girls and a reproduction of eight drawings from the same series
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1937-1995 (Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Negatives, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 44-59; 15.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 60-75, OV 84; 16.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records, 1937-1995 (Boxes 76-78; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Clippings Files, 1943-1989 (Box 78; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Exhibition Catalogs, 1939-1980 (Boxes 78-79; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Drawings by John Canaday, circa 1967-1972 (Box 80; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Klaus Perls (b. 1912, d. 2008) formally opened Perls Galleries in New York in 1937, and ran it with his wife Amelia until its closing in 1997. The gallery dealt in contemporary French artists of the School of Paris, such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, but also acted as the primary representative of Alexander Calder beginning in 1954. In the 1970s Mr. Perls developed an interest in art from Benin and built an important collection of African sculpture, some of which was later donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.

Klaus Perls was born in 1912 in Berlin in a house Mies van der Rohe designed for his parents, who owned an art gallery specializing in Impressionists, post-Impressionists, Old Master paintings, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and African sculpture. Perls studied Art History in Hamburg and Munich but completed his PhD in Basel, Switzerland in 1933 after the Nazi government stopped awarding degrees to Jews. His dissertation covered the complete works of 15th-century French painter Jean Fouquet.

Before moving to New York in 1935, Perls worked for his mother, Kaethe Perls, in her Paris gallery that she opened in 1932 after splitting up with Klaus' father Hugo. He spent his first two years in New York selling paintings through other art dealers, primarily paintings shipped or recommended to him by his mother from Paris that were not selling well in the Depression-era French art market. These were primarily the work of Maurice Utrillo, Marie Laurencin, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck. In 1937 he formally established his own gallery, the Perls Galleries, on East 58th Street and continued to specialize in French and European contemporary art. Around the same time, his older brother Frank opened a gallery in Beverly Hills, California.

Klaus Perls was familiar with other New York dealers specializing in modern European art such as Valentine Dudensing and Pierre Matisse, but he tried to distinguish himself by catering to young collectors. When the war restricted the international art trade and his mother was forced to flee France during the Occupation, Perls began dealing in contemporary American artists such as Darrel Austin and Karl Priebe.

Perls married Amelia Blumenthal, fondly known as "Dolly," in 1940, and she became his business partner.

After the war, the international art market exploded, and the Perls made frequent buying trips to Europe. The Perls Galleries continued to sell primarily contemporary French art and gained an early reputation as a staunch defender of modern art by European artists such as Picasso, Modigliani, Braque, Lger, Soutine and Pascin. Perls prepared catalogues raisonns on Soutine and Pascin.

Klaus Perls was one of the founding members of the Art Dealer's Association, whose initial mission was to clean up the reputation of the art market following a series scandals involving fake antiquities that flourished in the 1960's. Perls was the Association's second president, after Pierre Matisse.

In 1954 Perls Galleries moved to 1016 Madison Avenue, a building that served as both gallery and home for the Perls. The same year Perls became Alexander Calder's dealer after the death of Calder's previous dealer, Curt Valentin. Perls explained his inclusion of Calder, a rare American among his stable of European artists, by saying that Calder's roots lay in France and that Calder bridged Europe and America the way Perls felt he did himself. In 1970, Calder designed the terrazzo sidewalk in front of the gallery and often resided in the Perls' home during long visits to New York City. Perls Galleries later handled Calder's estate and functioned as a quasi-archives of Calder's works, holding more than 7,000 negatives depicting Calder's art and preparing a Calder catalogue raisonn.

Klaus was named as a third-party defendant in the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List. When Erna Menzel sued Albert List for ownership of a Chagall painting confiscated from Menzel by the Nazis, List in turn sued Perls, who had sold him the painting in 1955, having purchased it himself from a Paris art dealer. The court awarded the Chagall painting to Menzel and ordered Perls to pay List the appreciated value of the painting.

Perls began building an important collection of African artwork and fell in love with art from Benin in the 1970's. In 1991 he donated more than 150 pieces of royal art from Benin to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Perls closed their gallery in 1997; Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.
Related Material:
Among the resources relating to the Perls Galleries in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Klaus Perls done by Mona Hadler on January 19, 1993.
Provenance:
The records were donated in 1997 by Douglas Mayhew, associate and legal representive of Klaus G. and Amelia B. Perls.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Perls Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perlgall
Online Media:

Feature film : a book / by Douglas Gordon

Author:
Gordon, Douglas 1966-  Search this
Herrmann, Bernard 1911-1975 Vertigo  Search this
Conlon, James 1950- cnd  Search this
Bellour, Raymond  Search this
Brown, Royal S  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Vertigo  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill ; 19 x 24 cm. + 1 sound disc (4 3/4 in.) + 1 booklet (8 p. ; 17 x 22 cm.)
Type:
Books
Date:
2000
C2000
20th century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Call number:
N6797.G67 G67 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_833989

Looking awry : an introduction to Jacques Lacan through popular culture / Slavoj Žižek

Author:
Žižek, Slavoj  Search this
Subject:
Lacan, Jacques 1901-1981  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 188 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1991
C1991
Topic:
Psychoanalysis and culture  Search this
Psychoanalysis and literature  Search this
Psychoanalysis and motion pictures  Search this
Popular culture--Psychological aspects  Search this
Popular literature--Psychological aspects  Search this
Culture in motion pictures  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_834067

Alfred Hitchcock : the exhibition : November 16, 2000, to March 18, 2001 / [the Publications Department of the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts ; edited by Dominique Païni ; co-ordination, Francine Lavoie ; graphic design, Philippe Ducat.]

Title:
Alfred Hitchcock : the exhibition
Alfred Hitchcock, an exhibition, a book, a film festival at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
Author:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Païni, Dominique  Search this
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
[22] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 x 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
2000
[2000]
Topic:
Motion picture producers and directors  Search this
Art and motion pictures  Search this
Call number:
PN1998.3.H58 H58 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_707421

Double-cross : the Hollywood films of Douglas Gordon / Philip Monk

Author:
Monk, Philip 1950-  Search this
Gordon, Douglas 1966-  Search this
Power Plant (Art gallery)  Search this
York University (Toronto, Ont.) Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Gordon, Douglas 1966-  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
239 p., [62] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Film and video adaptations
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Video art  Search this
Film noir  Search this
Film adaptations  Search this
Call number:
N6797. G67 M66 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_744653

Hitchcock style / Jean-Pierre Dufreigne

Author:
Dufreigne, Jean-Pierre 1942-  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
167 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Fashion in motion pictures  Search this
Call number:
PN1998.3.H58 D84 2004
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_770849

The best of old time radio. Alfred Hitchcock [sound recording]

Title:
Alfred Hitchcock
Author:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Tollin, Anthony  Search this
Nadel, William  Search this
Bankhead, Tallulah 1902-1968  Search this
Chandler, Jeff 1918-1961  Search this
Cotten, Joseph 1905-1994  Search this
Marshall, Herbert 1890-1966  Search this
McCambridge, Mercedes  Search this
Ford, Glenn 1916-2006  Search this
Young, Loretta 1913-2000  Search this
Milland, Ray  Search this
Hitchcock, Pat -  Search this
Radio Spirits, Inc  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
6 sound discs (6 hr.) : digital ; 4 3/4 in
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
2000
1946
P2000
Topic:
Radio plays, American  Search this
Radio adaptations  Search this
Feature films--Audio adaptations  Search this
Call number:
disc 000297
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_605648

The best of old time radio. Alfred Hitchcock [sound recording]

Title:
Alfred Hitchcock
Author:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Tollin, Anthony  Search this
Nadel, William  Search this
Bankhead, Tallulah 1902-1968  Search this
Chandler, Jeff 1918-1961  Search this
Cotten, Joseph 1905-1994  Search this
Marshall, Herbert 1890-1966  Search this
McCambridge, Mercedes  Search this
Ford, Glenn 1916-2006  Search this
Young, Loretta 1913-2000  Search this
Milland, Ray  Search this
Hitchcock, Pat -  Search this
Radio Spirits, Inc  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
4 sound cassettes (6 hr.) : analog
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
2000
1946
P2000
Topic:
Radio plays, American  Search this
Radio adaptations  Search this
Feature films--Audio adaptations  Search this
Call number:
ptp 000160
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_605651

Alfred Hitchcock : an exhibition, a book, a film festival at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

Author:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[20] p. : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 22 x 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_621081

Notorious : Alfred Hitchcock and contemporary art / curated by Kerry Brougher, Michael Tarantino and Astrid Bowron ; essays by Kerry Brougher and Michael Trantino

Title:
Alfred Hitchcock and contemporary art
Author:
Brougher, Kerry  Search this
Tarantino, Michael  Search this
Bowron, Astrid  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (Oxford, England)  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
84 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1999
20th century
Topic:
Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.)  Search this
Motion pictures and the arts  Search this
Art, Modern--Themes, motives  Search this
Call number:
PN1998.3.H58 N68 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_662703

The dark side of genius : the life of Alfred Hitchcock / by Donald Spoto

Author:
Spoto, Donald 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 594 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1999
1983
C1999
Topic:
Motion picture producers and directors  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H66193 S6 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_564276

Hitchcock's notebooks : an authorized and illustrated look inside the creative mind of Alfred Hitchcock / Dan Auiler

Author:
Auiler, Dan  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
567 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1999
C1999
Call number:
CT275.H66193 A9 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_564278

Hitchcock's America / edited by Jonathan Freedman and Richard Millington

Author:
Freedman, Jonathan 1954-  Search this
Millington, Richard H. 1953-  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 192 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
Topic:
National characteristics, American, in motion pictures  Search this
In motion pictures  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_567886

The last days of Alfred Hitchcock : a memoir featuring the screenplay of "Alfred Hitchcock's The short night" / David Freeman

Author:
Freeman, David 1941-  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Short night. 1984  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 281 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1999
Topic:
Motion picture producers and directors  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H66193 F74 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_590725

Hitchcock poster art : from the Mark H. Wolff collection / edited by Tony Nourmand and Mark H. Wolff ; art direction and design by Graham Marsh ; text by Mark H. Wolff

Author:
Wolff, Mark H  Search this
Nourmand, Tony  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1999
Topic:
Film posters  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_595695

The cinema of Alfred Hitchcock

Author:
Bogdanovich, Peter 1939-  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) Film Library  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. illus. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1963
[1963]
Call number:
PN1998.A3 H67
PN1998.A3 H67
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_35170

Lewis Baltz : common objects : Alfred Hitchcock, Michelangelo Antonioni, Jean-Luc Godard / texts, David Campany, Dominique Païni ; translation, Philippe Mothe, John Tittensor

Title:
Common objects : Alfred Hitchcock, Michelangelo Antonioni, Jean-Luc Godard
Artist:
Baltz, Lewis 1945-2014  Search this
Contributor:
Campany, David  Search this
Païni, Dominique  Search this
Translator:
Mothe, Philippe  Search this
Tittensor, John 1941-  Search this
Host institution:
Bal (Art organization : Paris, France)  Search this
Subject:
Baltz, Lewis 1945-2014  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Influence  Search this
Antonioni, Michelangelo Influence  Search this
Godard, Jean-Luc 1930- Influence  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume (unpaged) : illustrations (some color) ; 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
2014
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Motion pictures and the arts  Search this
Motion pictures in art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1040343

Alfred Hitchcock : centenary essays / edited by Richard Allen and S. Ishii-Gonzalès

Author:
Allen, Richard 1959-  Search this
Ishii-Gonzalès, S  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 362 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Date:
1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063453

Spellbound by beauty : Alfred Hitchcock and his leading ladies / Donald Spoto

Author:
Spoto, Donald 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 Relations with women  Search this
Physical description:
xxiii, 324 p., [16] p. of plates : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2008
C2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904746

Looking for Alfred / Johan Grimonprez ; texts by Patricia Allmer ... [et al.] ; edited by Steven Bode ; photography by Theo Volpatti ... [et al.]

Author:
Grimonprez, Johan  Search this
Allmer, Patricia  Search this
Bode, Steven  Search this
Film and Video Umbrella (Firm)  Search this
Pinakothek der Moderne (Munich, Germany)  Search this
Zapomatik  Search this
Subject:
Grimonprez, Johan  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred 1899-1980 In motion pictures  Search this
Physical description:
286 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Pictorial works
Date:
2007
C2007
Topic:
Motion pictures in art  Search this
Video art  Search this
Installations (Art)  Search this
Call number:
N6973.G75 A4 2007
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_948144

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