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Howard Irving Chapelle Papers

Extent:
3 cu. ft. (6 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1969-1975
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers of Howard Irving Chapelle consist of his professional correspondence while he was Senior Historian and Historian Emeritus. Very little is concerned with Museum or Division of Transportation affairs. The correspondence concerns the history of naval architecture, amateur boatbuilding, availability of ships' plans, the restoration of historic ships, and the publication of Chapelle's later works. Correspondents include museum curators, historians, naval architects, amateur boatbuilders, and model builders.
Historical Note:
Howard Irving Chapelle (1901-1975), marine architect and historian, began his career as a marine apprentice and designer in 1919. He worked for a number of shipbuilders until he went into business for himself in 1936. During this period, Chapelle also served as head of the New England section of the Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, a Depression-era project to gather information on American maritime history and provide work for destitute marine architects.

Chapelle's business was interrupted by World War II, during which he served in the United States Army Transportation Corps ship and boatbuilding program. Following the war, he pursued his interest in the history of marine architecture, traveling to England in 1950 to study colonial ship design on a Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1956-1957, Chapelle went to Turkey under the auspices of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization to serve as a consultant to the Turkish government on fishing vessel construction and fitting.

Chapelle was appointed Curator in the Division of Transportation, National Museum of History and Technology, in 1957. He served in that position until 1967 when he became Senior Historian. While at the Museum, he directed the planning and construction of hundreds of ship models for the Hall of Merchant Shipping. Chapelle retired in 1971, becoming Historian Emeritus in the Museum. A prolific writer, Chapelle authored a number of books on maritime history and marine architecture.
Topic:
Navigation -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7228, Howard Irving Chapelle Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7228
See more items in:
Howard Irving Chapelle Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7228

Boat Model, Speed Boat, ca 1935

Physical Description:
white pine (overall material)
shellack (overall production method/technique)
Object Name:
boat
speed boat, rigged model
Other Terms:
boat; Maritime
Date made:
ca 1935
Subject:
Maritime  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Sam Johnson, Apalachicola, Florida
ID Number:
TR.311262
Catalog number:
311262
Accession number:
144182
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Ship Models
Transportation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-965d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_844244

Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records

Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Names:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Jackson, Melvin H.  Search this
Extent:
18.5 Cubic feet (79 volumes, 10 rolls)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Records
Tracings
Notes
Drawings
Place:
Great Lakes (North America)
Date:
1936-1937.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of over 18 cubic feet of material generated during the course of the Historic American Merchant Marine Survey. The bulk of the collection consists of survey books and measured drawings. Other records include administrative papers relating to the project, an index and catalogue, and a listing of the names of vessels surveyed.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: H.A.M.M.S. Index

Series 2: H.A.M.M.S. Catalogue

Series 3: Names of Vessels, 1789-

Series 4: Field Notes

Series 5: Drawings
Biographical / Historical:
The Historic American Merchant Marine Survey (HAMMS) was one of six projects created by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to provide work for unemployed skilled or "white collar" workers. These projects were intended to provide work which was both useful and appropriate to the skills and experience of workers who were not suited for more traditional work programs involving manual or outdoor labor. The specific goal of HAMMS was to undertake a national survey of watercraft, in order to document the design and technical evolution of vessel types significant in America's commercial maritime history. This was to be accomplished by making measured drawings of existing vessels, ship models, and builders' half models; by making a photographic record of significant vessels; and by compiling written data about vessels.

The HAMMS program was in existence from January 1, 1936 to October 15, 1937. The Smithsonian Institution served as the official sponsor of the Survey and received all the documentation produced, thus augmenting its already significant National Watercraft Collection. Unlike other WPA projects, HAMMS was administered directly from Washington by its Director, Eric J. Steinlein, who coordinated the survey work of six regional directors. Despite its national mandate, the Survey actually was limited to the eastern seaboard, the Great Lakes, and California. Furthermore, the types of craft surveyed and the level of documentation varied considerably within the six regions. During the course of its existence, the HAMMS program conducted over 166 surveys and produced over 400 sheets of line drawings of ship's hulls, rigging, and details.
Provenance:
The materials in this collection were turned over to the Smithsonian soon after the completion of the project in 1937.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Naval architecture -- Designs and plans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Records
Tracings
Notes
Drawings -- 1930-1940
Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0240
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8443f9cfa-58e1-4567-8e9f-8101d76a8db2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0240
Online Media:

Belvidere

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 67
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1857
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a0f2a3c9-5caa-468c-a71f-0ff81672eebf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref100

[Wreck of Fanny M, b&w photoprint]

Sponsor:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (4.9" x 7.0")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1925
Scope and Contents:
Photograph by Prof. Wilkes
Arrangement:
In Series ?, Box 18, Notebook region 2, photo 2-171-11 & 12
Local Numbers:
AC0240-0000008 (AC Scan No.)

AC0240-0000009 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Boats and boating  Search this
Shipwrecks  Search this
Ships  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 4: Surveys / Regions 1-4
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep886f357a3-b9a4-409a-8886-c970d0e31cb0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref1000
Online Media:

[Gundalow under construction, b&w photoprint.]

Sponsor:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Photographer:
Belcher, A.L.  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5.0" x 7.0")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
East Kingston (N.H.)
New Hampshire
Date:
1936-1937
Scope and Contents:
Photograph by A. L. Belcher, East Kingston, New Hampshire.
Arrangement:
In Series ?, Box 18, Notebook region 2, photo 2-171-14
Local Numbers:
AC0240-0000010 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gundalows  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Ships  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 4: Surveys / Regions 1-4
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b60b84a4-b9b0-4a27-b294-dc808b4032b1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref1001

[Schooner Smith K. Martin, b&w photoprint]

Sponsor:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (11.9" x 9.4")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1936-1937
Scope and Contents:
Photograph by Frederick Farley
Arrangement:
In Series ?, Box 19, Notebook region 5, photo 2-171-14
Local Numbers:
AC0240-0000011 (AC Scan No.)

AC0240-0000012 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Boats and boating  Search this
Ships  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 4: Surveys / Region 5: Maryland, Numbers 1-55
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep837c3507e-2dfc-48b7-bcfe-80eed7f2a9a3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref1002
Online Media:

Borneo

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 68
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1857
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81e401d4b-59cd-440c-8145-5398983dce12
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref101

Isabella

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 69
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1859
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85141519a-c485-48fc-aead-a02f457f7865
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref102

Nevada Ship

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 70
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1860
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b6c7f861-870a-41a2-be6d-9676287e377c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref103

Volunteer

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 71
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1863
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80f8c55f5-92df-4c0c-ad94-b207b7cd4309
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref104

Sacramento

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 72
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1865
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8073f7b4c-4239-41d6-924b-5a96d93a23f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref105

Java

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 74
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1868
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ce1c618a-9a63-4a6f-97f5-dd16acc065dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref106

Belle schooner yacht

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 80
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1870
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f0db584e-6760-4c8c-a1fe-3b016fd671d7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref107

Tioga schooner

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 82
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1881
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87de000e7-a5be-4c0e-87c6-5a8090b345e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref108

Julia

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 83
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1854
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d39f89bc-e13e-48ef-b332-fcf27777fee6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref109

Alice sloop

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 84
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1866
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8eb2e6510-62a6-4718-81d0-afdc09b318b2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref110

Mohican schooner yacht

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 85
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88437ada5-0c65-4c3a-adc2-6c2e80ed8770
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref111

Marguerite

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 86
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1888
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c4b5a9c4-69f5-419a-988f-652374598bd8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref112

Adrienne schooner

Collection Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 2 87
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1883
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records / Series 5: Drawings / 5.1: Drawings / 5.1.1: Volume I (East Coast), Part 1
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c7ab1ad1-cf8a-4382-b94f-e23133155931
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0240-ref113

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