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Sidney Hillman

Artist:
Bernard Sanders, 1906 - 1967  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Drypoint on paper
Dimensions:
Image (plate mark): 17.5 x 12.5 cm. (6 7/8 x 4 15/16")
Sheet: 27.9 x 20.6 cm.
Type:
Print
Date:
1932
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Illustration  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.99.42.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ef8337dd-7615-402e-b8fb-6caf17a629f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.99.42.10

Sidney Hillman

Artist:
Jo Davidson, 30 Mar 1883 - 2 Jan 1952  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Bronze bust sculpture, dark golden brown patina
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1939
Topic:
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Object number:
NYHS.1984.113
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm468636de7-a551-4be0-a7f6-55abe15d912b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NYHS.1984.113

Sidney Hillman

Artist:
Jo Davidson, 30 Mar 1883 - 2 Jan 1952  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Plaster
Dimensions:
50.8cm x 19cm x 25.5cm (20" x 7 1/2" x 10 1/16")
Type:
Sculpture
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1939
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Dr. Maury P. Leibovitz
Object number:
NPG.86.219
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ab83afaf-c992-4c1b-b5ff-2b871edcfebf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.86.219

Sidney Hillman

Cast after:
Jo Davidson, 30 Mar 1883 - 2 Jan 1952  Search this
Foundry:
Roman Bronze Works, Inc.  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
49.5cm x 20.5cm x 22.5cm (19 1/2" x 8 1/16" x 8 7/8")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1978 cast after 1939 original
Topic:
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Dr. Maury Leibovitz
Object number:
NPG.78.193
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4534ff84e-2711-499c-871e-a0e0ecee84a1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.193

Sidney Hillman

Artist:
Carlos Baca-Flor, 1867 - 1941  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
76.2cm x 55.2cm (30" x 21 3/4"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union of America
Object number:
NPG.71.39
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43210e641-88a1-439a-8caf-23f30d7b256b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.71.39

Sidney Hillman

Artist:
Ernest Hamlin Baker, 1889 - 1975  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Gouache on board
Dimensions:
24.7cm x 22.2cm (9 3/4" x 8 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1944
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Sign\Placard  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jean Baker Henrich
Object number:
NPG.96.TC14
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43e4c9bfd-1926-4785-9e8a-0a670c665869
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.TC14

War Means Dictatorship

Referenced:
Madison, James  Search this
Beard, Charles A.  Search this
Hillman, Sidney  Search this
Long, Huey Pierce  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
white; black (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 9 in x 6 in; 22.86 cm x 15.24 cm
Object Name:
Brochure
Date made:
1941
Subject:
Socialism  Search this
Marxism  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
ID Number:
2005.0079.089
Accession number:
2005.0079
Catalog number:
2005.0079.089
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Home Front Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-9ea6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1290222

Hart, Schaffner and Marx Records

Creator:
Hart, Schaffner and Marx.  Search this
Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Costume  Search this
Names:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.  Search this
Abt, Levi  Search this
Hart, Harry  Search this
Hart, Max  Search this
Hillman, Sidney  Search this
Marx, Marcus  Search this
Schaffner, Joseph  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Costume  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sales letters
Stylebooks
Account books
Cashbooks
Retailers
Sales catalogs
Business records
Vouchers
Voucher register
Place:
Chicago (Illinois) -- 1900-1960
Illinois -- 1900-1960
Date:
1901-1955
Scope and Contents note:
The collection falls roughly into 4 parts. Series 1 is primarily composed of the company's history and its advertising, including a number of style books. The historical materials highlight the firm's importance in the men's clothing industry; the style books are a valuable record of styles in men's clothing during the first half of the 20th century. The Warshaw Collection of Americana contains a number of Hart, Schaffner and Marx style books from 1903 1928 that duplicate a number in this collection. The miscellaneous records in Box 3 relate primarily to a failed retail store that was placed under new management and reports on naval uniforms and government shipments in the first half of the 1940's. Though obviously incomplete, these records illustrate that the company manufactured military uniforms during World War II as well as civilian clothing.

The Trade Board decisions in Series 2 (February 1921 Febuary 1934) provide a colorful picture of early labor management relations and the everyday incidents in the work place that came before the Trade Board. They are also illustrative of good labor management relations that were developed very early in the history of organized labor.

The company's records, kept in minute detail, in notebooks, by hand, comprise Series 3, the largest part of the collection. They are testimony to the many operations involved in the profitable production of a suit, coat, vest, knickers, or trousers that are part of men's clothing. Large books record items such as tailoring specifications for various articles of clothing, hours worked and earnings for specific operations, piece work lists by article and operation for various shops. There are also account books, cash books, and a voucher register. These appear to be illustrative rather than complete records.

Series 4 consists of 2 boxes of materials of the kind used in the manufacture of men's clothing. They have been kept with the records because Hart, Schaffner and Marx was the first manufacturer to have its salesmen work from swatches of material instead of trunk loads of clothing, an innovation soon followed by other manufacturers.

All of the actual company records are prior to 1955. There are a few pieces of descriptive material of a later date.

The arrangement is chronological where appropriate; otherwise, it is alphabetical. Many of the records in Series 3 are handwritten.
Arrangement:
Divided into 4 series.

Series 1: Company History, Advertising and Style Books

Series 2: Trade Board Decisions, 1921-34

Series 4: Company Records, 1903-1946

Series 4: Material Swatches, undated
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1872, twenty-one year old Harry Hart and his 18-year-old brother Max opened a retail store for men's clothing on State St. in Chicago, Illinois. In 1879 two brothers in law Levi Abt and Marcus Marx joined them. Eight years later Levi Abt left and Joseph Schaffner, a cousin of the Harts, took his place. Thus in 1887 Hart, Schaffner and Marx was born.

The transition from retailing only to manufacturing evolved from clothing that was made to sell in their own store. There was an apparent need for facilities to supply ready made men's clothing to interested retailers and the business prospered.

High quality workmanship and improved employee management relationships were among early goals of the company. A labor agreement of 1911, initiated by Joseph Schaffner, was developed in cooperation with Sidney Hillman, then a cutter in a Hart, Schaffner and Marx factory. As a result Joseph Schaffner emerged as a leader and humanitarian and Sidney Hillman led the way for workers to cooperate with management wherever possible. The 1911 agreement became the model for the men's clothing industry and later for women's clothing. It was the foundation on which the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America was built and helped to rid the United States of sweatshops in the clothing industry. Sidney Hillman in later years won world acclaim as a labor leader and became an advisor on labor relations to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Hart, Schaffner and Marx became known for a number of "firsts" in the clothing industry in addition to its peaceful labor relations. The firm introduced a one price policy permitting no cut rates or better prices for any one; it advertised nationally; it introduced the tropical weight suit for summer wear. The company conceived and carried out selling with swatches of materials thus doing away with the practice of salesmen using trunk loads of clothing to demonstrate their line. It was the first manufacturer to offer proportional fit clothing made for men of different build as well as different size. Hart, Schaffner and Marx was also among the first to develop and expand its own retail division. By the firm's 75th anniversary in 1962 it had 78 stores in 37 metropolitan areas inspite of being thought of primarily as a manufacturer. Based in Chicago it did business throughout the United States.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Hart, Schaffner and Marx, 1973.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Probable copyright and trademark restrictions.
Topic:
Clothing trade -- 1900-1960  Search this
Clothing stores -- 1900-1960  Search this
Industrial relations  Search this
Men's clothing industry -- 1900-1960  Search this
Men's clothing  Search this
Retail trade -- 1900-1960  Search this
Trade-unions -- 1900-1960  Search this
Sweatshops  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sales letters
Stylebooks -- 1900-1960
Account books -- 20th century
Cashbooks -- 1900-1950
Retailers -- 1900-1960
Sales catalogs -- 1900-1960
Business records -- 20th century
Vouchers -- 1900-1960
Voucher register
Citation:
Hart, Schaffner and Marx Records, 1901-1955, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0426
See more items in:
Hart, Schaffner and Marx Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0426
Online Media:

Hillman, Sidney

Collection Creator:
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 29, Folder 37
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940-1944
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original papers requires an appointment. Access to audiovisual recording with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ben Shahn papers
Ben Shahn papers / Series 7: Source Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-shahben-ref1373

Hillman, Sidney

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies H
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref34061

Hillman, Sidney

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CH, Folder 398000-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies H / Hillman, Sidney
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref34062

Sidney Hillman, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Davidson, Jo 1883-1952  Search this
Subject:
Hillman, Sidney  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Smithsonian Institution National Portrait Gallery 8th & F Streets, N.W Washington District of Columbia 20560 Accession Number: NPG.78.193
Date:
1939
Topic:
Portrait male--Head  Search this
Occupation--Other--Labor Leader  Search this
Control number:
IAS 08650068
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_291384

The Oxford encyclopedia of American business, labor, and economic history / Melvyn Dubofsky, editor in chief

Title:
Encyclopedia of American business, labor, and economic history
Author:
Dubofsky, Melvyn 1934-  Search this
Physical description:
2 volumes ; 27 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
©2013
Topic:
Industries--History  Search this
Business--History  Search this
Labor--History  Search this
Industrial relations--History  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Economic policy  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1083799

Labor will rule : Sidney Hillman and the rise of American labor / Steven Fraser

Author:
Fraser, Steve 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Hillman, Sidney 1887-1946  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 688 p., [16] p. of plates: ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1991
C1991
20th century
Topic:
Labor leaders  Search this
Labor movement--History  Search this
Labor unions--History  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H65 F84 1991
HD8073.H5F73 1991X
CT275.H65F84 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_409031

Sidney Hillman, statesman of American labor

Author:
Josephson, Matthew 1899-1978  Search this
Subject:
Hillman, Sidney 1887-1946  Search this
Physical description:
701 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1952
Call number:
CT275.H65 J8
CT275.H65J8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_12182

Sidney Hillman, statesman of American labor

Author:
Josephson, Matthew 1899-1978  Search this
Subject:
Hillman, Sidney 1887-1946  Search this
Physical description:
701 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1952
Call number:
CT275.H65 J8
CT275.H65J8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_14749

Sidney Hillman (1887-1946), (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Davidson, Jo 1883-1952  Search this
Subject:
Hillman, Sidney  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
New-York Historical Society 170 Central Park West New York New York 10024 Accession Number: 1984.113
Date:
1939
Topic:
Portrait male--Head  Search this
Occupation--Other--Labor Leader  Search this
Control number:
IAS 36360111
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_363927

Sidney Hillman Memorial, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Hebard, H. S.  Search this
Subject:
Hillman, Sidney  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Type:
Sculptures-Relief
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Amalgamated Clothing & Textile Workers Union 750 East Avenue Rochester New York 14607
Date:
Dedicated March 5, 1946
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Occupation--Industry--Textiles  Search this
Control number:
IAS 76004285
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_8233

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