Notes and drawings by Native artists relating to heraldry, as Mooney termed tipi and shield designs. Also some myths and linguistic data from these and other Plains tribes. The manuscript is a compilation of materials created over a period of years, assembled under the current number by the BAE archivist. Bound volumes (since disbound for lamination) were placed under this manuscript number; loose notes and drawings on the same topics were primarily assembled under manuscript number 2538.
Biographical / Historical:
James Mooney (1861-1921) was a self-taught ethnologist. He was employed by the Bureau of American Ethnology from 1885 until his death. In this capacity, he worked extensively among the Cherokee and Kiowa. Among the Kiowa his studies focused on pictorial calendars, the peyote religion, and heraldry, the term he used to refer to the designs on shields and painted tipis. In the course of his study of Kiowa and Cheyenne heraldry, he commissioned illustrations of shield and tipi designs, as well as miniature shields and tipis. For additional biographic information on James Mooney see: Christopher Winters, General Editor, International Dictionary of Anthropologists, Garland Publishing, 1991. Neil M. Judd, The Bureau of American Ethnology - A Partial History, University of Oklahoma Press, 1967. L.G. Moses, The Indian Man - A Biography of James Mooney, University of Nebraska Press, 1984.
NAA MS 2531
OPPS NEG 57,508-A---521-A
OPPS NEG 71-3046-A
OPPS NEG 71-3046
OPPS NEG 72-1801 CN-1818 CN
The John M. Seger Referred to in Vol VIII (and also in Mooney's peyote files) was a teacher of agricultural methods. Walter Campbell edited his autobiography, "Early Days among the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians," Univ. of Okla. press. Genevieve Seger, his daughter, lives at Geary, Okla.; she may be a trustee of the Okla. Historical Soc. --Information from Althea Bass, here May 1959.
Mrs. J. H. Bass (Althea Bass) here May 6, 1959, thinks that the "Paul" referred to occasionally in Vols. III, IV, and V may be Paul Boynton, an interpreter who spoke both Cheyenne and Arapaho. His family still lives at El Reno. His father had something to do with the Agency. Paul Boynton is mentioned in one of the letters in Mooney corresponence for 1902-06 (Smithsonian Institution - Bureau of American Ethnology correspondence files.)
Date written on several pages by Mooney; almost certainly drawings done by same artist at same time and place as Ms. 2531, Vol. 10, identified by Mooney as "Drawn by Nakoim' eno = Bear Wings/alias Charles Murphy, Cheyenne Cantonment, Okla."
Film reels (silent, color reversal; 21,000 feet (9.75 hours), 16mm)
Scope and Contents:
Full film record shot during an expedition to the Nyae-Nyae region of the Kalahari Desert
in Namibia, sponsored by the Harvard Peabody Museum. Footage documents: construction
of a skerm (shelter) and setting-up of a household, preparation and consumption of a
springbok, hunting and preparation of a small snake, and digging and eating of roots.
Technologies illustrated include: fire building, hide preparation, subterranean storage of
water in ostrich egg shells, setting of a trap, and the entire bow-and-arrow manufacturing
process. Depicted are the arrangements of skerms within the werft (encampment).
Representations of Ju/'hoan rituals include scenes from a wedding, keloid scarification,
and divining with oracle discs. Also included is winnowing of tobacco by non-San people
and activities of the Marshall expedition. Footage primarily shot by John Marshall;
additional photography by Laurence Marshall.
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection is open for research. Please contact the Archives for availabilty of access copies of audio visual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Materials relating to Series 6 Production Files are restricted and not available for research until 2048, 2063, 2072. Kinship diagrams in Series 13 are restricted due to privacy concerns. Various copyrights and restrictions on commercial use apply to the reproduction or publication of film, video, audio, photographs, and maps.
The John Marshall Ju/'hoan Bushman Film and Video Collection, 1950-2000, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Finding aid has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Consists of 20 photos of drawings by Robert Ormsby Sweeny, made in Minnesota in 1852.
Contents: 4489: Artist's titles: [1.] Interior Dakota Bark house. [2.] Dakota or Sioux women Tanning and dressing skins. [3.] Dakotas telling stories and preparing for a hunting party. [4.] Bark hunting lodge of Dakotas or Sioux Indians. [5.] "Fire hunting" of the Sioux. [6.] Sioux spearing fish. [7.] Shakapes and Le petite Corbeaus bands playing ball at Shakapes village. [8.] Dakota Doctor or Sorcerer preparing charms for the sick. [9.] Dakota Doctor exorcising the evil spirit from the sick. [10.] Dakota medicine men showing their secret charms to each other. [11.] Dance Worship of Oank-tay-hee Taku-wakan- The supernatural giant. [12.] Dakota Indians dancing the Sun Dance. [13.] Bark Houses or Summer Lodges of Dakotas. [14.] Return Dance of a successful War party of Dakotas. [15.] Begging Dance of the Dakotas or Sioux. [16.] Dakota or Sioux squaws gathering Wild Rice for Winter food. [17.] Dog Dance of the M'de wakan ton Sioux or Dakotas. [18.] Dakota or Sioux Indians racing ponies. [19.] M'de Wakanton wan Dakota burial place, "Black Dogs Village" Minnesota. [20.] Wa-pa-ton Sioux or Dakota Ceremonies of the Thunder Bird "Travers des Sioux."
NAA MS 4489
Filed: Dakota original prints (no negatives). Mounted in album.
Purchased 1956 from the British Museum for reference only. Publication permission as well as additional prints sould be obtained directly from the British Museum, which owns the originals.
Catalog Number 4551: (1) Stereo Tribe:. Blackfeet Description: Preparing for Medicine Lodge ceremony, Glacier National Park, Montana Photographer: Keystone View Co. Number 188; 23000. See BAE Negative Number 56,815. (2) Stereo Dakota, Western Mounted Sioux Indians in "Full Feather", leaving camp Keystone View Co. Number 182; 16718. (3) Stereo [Athapascan] Woman working on moose hide, near Atlin, British Columbia Keystone View Co. Number 265; 27359 See BAE Negative Number 56,018. (4) [Micmac] Indian basket weaving, Prince Edward Island, Canada Keystone View Co. Number 263; 13882 See BAE Negative Number 56,035.
Catalog Number 4702: (1) Tribe: Winnebago Description: Ha-noo-gah Chun-hut-ah-rah (Second boy and pony) Photographer: Henry H. Bennett Date: 1865-1908. (2) Winnebago Woman tanning a deer skin Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (3) Winnebago Wah-con-jah-zee-gah (Yellow Thunder) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. Negative Number: cf. 45,479-H. (4) Winnebago Playing game of Wah-koo-chad-ah or moccasin Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (5) Winnebago Wong-chig-ah Chea-da (Indian tent and women) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (6) Winnebago Big Bear in Diamond Grotto Henry H. Bennett 1865-1908. (7) Winnebago Big Bear Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (8) Winnebago Nah-ju-zee-gah (Brown Eyes) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (9) Winnebago Ma-bes-e-de-gah (Bear that digs a hole) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (10) Winnebago He-noo-ke-ku (Youngest Girl) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (11) Winnebago Ha-zah-zoch-ka (Branching Horns) Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (12) Winnebago Young man with a flute Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909. (13) Winnebago Woman with a baby carried on her back in a shawl Henry H. Bennett 1865-1909.
NAA MS 4702
Since permission for making negatives is not granted (although not specifically denied) in the correspondence with the Bennett Studio, we should refer purchasers directly to the Bennett studio for prints.
This published account follows the manuscript in the main, with minor editorial changes, especially in the paragraphing and in arrangement of the sections. However, there are some paragraphs and several entire sections in the manuscript which do not appear in the published account. Manuscript page number 160-163. "Boats." Includes drawing of oomiak, kayak, and birchbark canoe, page 161. 163-165. "Houses." Includes drawing of ground plan and cross-section, page 164. 165-167. "Clothing." 167. "Tanning Skins." 167-168. "Thread, Rope, etc." 168-169. Line drawing and description of Malemute sledge. 175-179. "The Second Expedition. ...lists of the provisions, small stores and clothing, outfit, and trade articles of the expedition." 180-199. "Aurora." Observations, August 25, 1885-May 31, 1886. 200-207. "Explorer, Engines and Boiler; Particulars and Dimensions." 208-209. "First Expedition. Stores taken in stem cutter Helena on her survey trip." 210-216; Measurements of Uneluk, Putnam River Malemute, male, aged 32; [217-219] Apaucuk, No-to-ark River, Malemute, male, aged ca. 42; Tatantuk, Norton Sound Malemute, age unknown. [220-238] "Meteorological Observations," including original data sheets.
Manuscript page Number 8. Paragraph concerning native village, N.W. side of Nunivak Island. 10. Paragraph concerning native village, S.W. side of Sledge Island. 60. "Ground plan of hut showing interior." Ink diagram of hut described in published text, page 40. 82. "Section of hut showing interior." Diagram of hut described in published text, page 46. 121-22. "The Chipp or Ik-pik-puk River." 122-122 1/2. "The Colville or Kinyanook River." 127. "Puberty" and "Birth." (Published version lists "Parturation" in contents, but does not treat it in text.) 129. Native population figures. 134-35. Last paragraph of "Doctors" section, describing cure for petty illnesses, using shaman's belt and a stick. (Last 3 paragraphs in published version under "Doctors," pages 90-91, are not in Manuscript.) 139. Diagram of deer drive. 152-157. Legends." (Published version lists in Contents, "Native Legends as Chap. XIII, but this chapter is not in text. Chap. XIV of the Contents, "All Aboard for Home," is not in the published text, nor is it in the Manuscript.) 157-60. "Trade." Gives "articles most in demand," and "price list obtained from the traders" with value of trade goods in terms of number of skins.
NAA MS 2925
See Lt. George M. Stoney, Naval Explorations in Alaska; An Account of Two Naval Expeditions to Northern Alaska, with Official Maps of the Country Explored, U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, 1900, 105 pages, 3 maps, 7 plates. line drawings.
Vocabulary listed according to categories in Powellʼs printed outline with added information on culture, customs and religion.
Biographical / Historical:
Informants: Gunʹ -si Vigil, interpreter, educated at Santa Fe and Fort Lewis Indian schools; Juan Quintana, "authority for many names of plants and narrator of most of the animal tales and information regarding the sun;" and Reuben [Quintana], interpreter for Juan.
NAA MS 1302-a
Identified as Jicarilla Apache by comparison with manuscript numbers 115 and 116.
1.9 Cubic feet (consisting of 4 boxes, 1 folder, 3 oversize folders, 1 map case folder.)
Mail order catalogs
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents note:
The leather industry serves both commercial and consumer needs. The preparation and treatment of leather includes tanning, oiling, and dressings as well as tools and equipment used in working with it.
The business records are in the form of operational transactional documents, mostly in the form of bookkeeping, bills, receipts, and correspondence, with a significant volume of import/export documentation.
Advertisements and catalogues cover consumer goods such as luggage, bags, accessories likesuch as wallets, handbags, shoes, bookbinders, harnesses and saddles used for or with livestock, plus raw or semi-processed leather, hide, and tanning goods and services made by or sold to manufacturers of finished leather products. Also present is a small quantity of product samples.
The collection is arranged into three subseries.
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.
Series 1: Business Ephemera
Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers
Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Leather is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Includes biographical sketches, 8 pages; medical notes (conjuror's treatment), 2 pages; note on tanning of buckskin, 1 page; note on curing of meat, 2 pages. (Lives of the female ancestors of Sweet Linn or Wikapi, 7 pages.)
The item is number 23315 of an unidentified series. The number P163 is stamped on the front of the photograph. A man and a woman are next to their tipi. Skins are pegged to or spread out on the ground. A buckboard is next to the tipi. The item is identical to numbers 819, 889, and 894 of Photo Lot 90-1. Numbers 1277 and 1301 of Photo Lot 90-1 are colorized versions of this image.
"Indian fur camp on the Plains"
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The item is number 3206 of an the series High Grade Original Views. An older couple is pictured outside their tipi. Skins are stretched out on the grass. A buckboard is next to the tipi. The item is identical to numbers 525, 889, and 894 of Photo Lot 90-1. Numbers 1277 and 1301 of Photo Lot 90-1 are colorized versions of this image.
The item is number 23315 of an unidentified series. The numbers 31 and 16 are stamped on the front of the photograph. A man and a woman are next to their tipi. Skins are pegged to or spread out on the ground. A buckboard is next to the tipi. The item is identical to numbers 525, 819, and 894 of Photo Lot 90-1. Numbers 1277 and 1301 of Photo Lot 90-1 are colorized versions of this image.
The item is number 23315 of an unidentified series. The number I33 is stamped on the front of the photograph. A man and a woman are next to their tipi. Skins are pegged to or spread out on the ground. A buckboard is next to the tipi. The item is identical to numbers 525, 819, and 889 of Photo Lot 90-1. Numbers 1277 and 1301 of Photo Lot 90-1 are colorized versions of this image.
Contents: Part I-Man. A. Names, locations, and divisions of the tribes. Twanas, Chemakums, Clallams. B. History. C. Population, and causes affecting. D. Progress: In medical practice. In house building. In dress. In implements. In social customs. In education. In morals. In religion. Part II- Surroundings. A. Inorganic. Outline, etc., of Territory. Geology, economic. Climate. Minerals. C. Social. Travels. Commerce. Part III.- Culture. Chapter 1- Means of subsistance: A. Food. Fish and marine mammals. Shell fish. Roots and branches. Wild fruits. Land mammals. Birds. Salt. Cooking. Storing. B. Drinks. Infusions. Ardent spirits. C. Narcotics. D. Savors. E. Medicines. Chapter II- Habitations and other structures and their appurtenance: A. Houses for human occupancy. Potlatch houses. Sweat houses. Large dwelling-houses. Flat-roofed dwelling-houses. Houses with the roof wholly on one side. Government houses. Mat houses. Half-circle camps. Tents of cotton cloth. Out-buildings. B. Appurtenances to dwellings. Doors. Fireplaces. Material for building. C. Furniture and utensils. Beds. Rugs. Mats. Chapter III- Household vessels and utensils: A. For holding water, food, etc. Baskets. Boxes. Dishes. B. For preparing food. C. For serving and eating food. Mats. Baskets. Plate and troughs. Trays. Ladles. Stone dishes. Pipes. Napkins. D. Miscellaneous. Torches.
Chapter IV- Clothing: d. Head clothing. Hats. E. Body clothing. Pantaloons, shirts, and coats. Blankets. Mat-coats. F. Arm clothing. G. Leg and foot clothing. H. Parts of dress. Lace. Fastenings. Fringes. Bead-work. I. Receptacles for dress. Boxes. Baskets. Chapter V- Personal adornments: A. Skin ornamentation. Tattooing. Painting. B. Head ornaments. Head bands. Plumes. Ear pendants. C. Neck ornaments. Necklaces. D. Breast ornaments. E. Ornaments for the limbs. Bracelets. Finger-rings. F. Toilet articles. Combs. Chapter VI- Implements. (I) Of general use. Knives. Axes, and adzes. Wedges. Chisels. Hammers. Awls. (II) Of war and the chase. A. Weapons for striking. Clubs. B. Throwing weapons. Strings and shots. Fire-pots. C. Cutting weapons. D. Thrusting weapons. Spears. E. Projectile weapons. Bows and arrows. Cases for projectiles. F. Defensive weapons. (III) Implements of special use. A. For stone working. C. For bow and arrow-making. D. Fishing implements. Spears and hooks. Traps and nets. Bouys. Sinkers. F. For leather-working. G. Builder's tool. K. For procuring and manufacturing food. L. Agricultural implements. M. For basket-working. Tools. Ornamentation. N. For working fiber. Hacklers. Spindles. Looms. P. For special crafts. Painting. Dyeing. Sand paper. Rope and strings. Of vegetable matter. Of animal matter.
Chapter VII- Locomotion and transportation. A. Traveling by water. Canoes. Large canoes. Shovel canoes. Small canoes. B. Accessories to water travel. Poles. Paddles. Oars. Sails. Rudders. Anchors. Bailing vessels. C. Foot traveling. Snow shoes. D. Land conveyances. Chapter VIII- Measuring and valuing. A. Counting. B. Measuring. Time. Length. Quality. C. Valuing. Chapter IX- Games and pastimes. With bones. A. Gambling: With disks. Women's games. Cards. B. Field sports and festive games. Dancing. Horse-racing. Shooting. Children's plays. Chapter XI- Music: Instruments and accompaniments. Songs. Boat songs. Patriotic songs. Gambling songs. Nursery songs. Funeral songs. War songs. Religious songs. Chapter XII- Art: On baskets. On cloth. On skin. On wood. Carvings. On horn and bone. On metal. On stone. Chapter XIII- Language and literature. A. Language. The Twana. The Skwaksin. The Chemakum. The Chinook jargon. The English language. B. Literature: Tales about thunder and lightning. Tales about the Sun. Proverbs of the Clallams. Fables of the Twanas. The pheasant and the raven. The enchanted husband. The colcine Indian and the wolf. Domesticating wolves. Modern orations.
Chapter XIV- Domestic life: A. Marriage. B. Children. Cradling. Naming. C. Women. Puberty dance. Chapter XV- Social life and customs: A. Eating. B. Cannibalism. C. Potlatches. Potlatch Number 1. Dancing. Gambling. Tamanous. Eating. The potlatch proper, or distribution of gifts. Learning. Potlatch Number 2. Potlatch Number 3. D. Funeral and burial customs. 1st Period. 2nd Period: canoe burial. 3rd Period: scaffold burial in cemeteries. 4th Period: burial in the ground with Indian accessories. 5th Period: civilized burial. Funeral ceremonies. Mourning observances. Cemeteries. Progress. Chapter XVI- Government. A. Organization. B. Laws and regulations. Division of Labor. Property rights. Chapter XVII- Religion. A. Objects and implements of reverence and worship. Supreme Being. Demons. Angelic spirits. Inanimate objects. Images, pictures, etc. Water. Idols. The sun. Implements of worship. Hand-sticks (wands). Head bands. Drums. Rattles. Masks. B. Holy places C. Ecclesiastical organization. Medicine men. Rain-makers.
D. Sacred rites. Tamanous. Finding tamanous. Using tamanous. Tamanous for wind. Tamanous for gambling. Tamanous to produce and cure illness. The crazy tamanous. Tamanous for the living. Tamanous for lost souls. Black tamanous. Purification. Sacrifice. Dancing. E. Myths and traditions. The Flood. Ants. Snakes. F. Beliefs. Dreams. Future existence. Incarnation and metamorphoses. Chapter XVIII- Archeology: Stone age. Skeletons. Shell heaps. List of archeological items in the book.
Footage shot by William Van Valin as leader of the John Wanamaker Expedition to Pt. Barrow, Alaska for the University of Pennsylvania Museum. Footage known under the title TIP TOP OF THE EARTH: ARCTIC ALASKAN ESKIMO EDUCATIONAL SERIES. Includes subtitles and intertitles explaining shots. Cassette includes sections of films entitled "Eskimo Reindeer Industry", "Eskimo Seal Hunting", "Eskimo Whaling, part II", and "Scenes of the Midnight Sun". Depicted are activities associated with reindeer herding such as building an "ice pen" (coral) in which to rope, count, and tag animals; butchering reindeer; scenes pertaining to seal hunting by solitary hunters; seal retreived with a line after being shot with rifle; difficulties of returning over ice ridges with prey; dog team pulling beardedter being shot with rifle; difficulties of returning over ice ridges with prey; dog team pulling bearded seal from water's edge; women skinning seal with ulu; removing blood and intestines from seal; sledding whale meat to ice cellars; drying measevere weather; scenes around a whaling encampment; butchering a whale at water's edge; removing the jaw of whale to extract baleen; removing and cleaning baleen strips to be used as trade goods; whaling spot--nela-ka-tuk--tossing people on stretched walrus hide. Views of archeological excavations at Pt. Barrow showing sketal and cranial remains. which illustrate differences in communal life; Eskimo with dog team and sleds; the Pt. Barrow community gathered around their church; dances performed by men to dramatize everyday events; man paddling a kayak and demonstrating technique of the "eskimo roll"; children's games and walrus hide toss; Various activities associated with whaling.
Legacy Keywords: Dogs as means of transportation Alaska ; Sleds as transportation Alaska ; Guns used in seal hunting Alaska ; Boats use in hunting Alaska ; Hunting guns Alaska ; Food quest hunting fishing whaling Alaska ; Food preparation butchering drying Alaska ; Food preservation techniques of Alaska ; Dancing drumming ; Ecology seasonal movements Alaska ; Dancing drums Alaska ; Food communal distribution Alaska ; Animal husbandry reindeer Alaska ; Herding reindeer Alaska ; Whaling butchering Alaska ; Hides preparation of use of Alaska ; Sewing of hides Alaska ; Corrals reindeer herding ; Division of labor by sex ; Work groups butchering of whales ; Games children ; Language and culture
HSFA 1986.5.1 - 2
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Tip top of the Earth: Arctic Alaskan Eskimo Educational Series, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Cataloging supported by Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Includes notes on native dyes and tanning and on the names of Chitimacha families.
Biographical / Historical:
Swanton worked with the Chitimacha in Charenton, Louisiana between 1908 and and 1931, according to Bureau of American Ethnology AR- 30, page 18; AR 32, page 18; AR 38, page 4; AR 39, pages 13-14; AR 40, page 4; AR 41, page 7; and AR 48, page 5.