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Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku Expedition photograph collection

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Source:
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960  Search this
Schindler, Victor  Search this
Names:
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923).  Search this
Hendricks, Harmon Washington, 1846-1928  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Heye, Thea  Search this
Former owner:
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960  Search this
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Schindler, Victor  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Extent:
1122 Negatives (photographic)
250 Photographic prints
4.25 Linear feet
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
American Indians -- Southwest  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Place:
Hawikuh (N. M.)
Date:
1917-1923
Summary:
This collection includes negatives and prints created between 1917 and 1923 during the Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku (Hawikuh) archaeological expedition on the A:shiwi (Zuni) Reservation in New Mexico. The expedition which was sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, was one of the most extensive archaeological projects conducted at the time. Photographs in this collection were shot by Alanson B. Skinner, Frederick Webb Hodge, Edwin Francis Coffin, George Hubbard Pepper, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Donald Cadzow, and Victor Schindler. Many of the photographs in this collection have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Scope and Contents:
The photographs in this collection were shot between 1917 and 1923 by various archaeologists and ethnographers involved in the Hawikku excavations. This includes Alanson B. Skinner, Frederick Webb Hodge, Edwin Francis Coffin, George Hubbard Pepper, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Donald Cadzow, and Victor Schindler. Many of the photographs in this collection have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.

Photographs from 1917 were shot by Alanson B. Skinner and Frederick Webb Hodge and include images with Zuni workmen as well as many images of burials (restricted). Photographs from 1918 were shot Edwin Francis Coffin and George Hubbard Pepper. Pepper's photographs include images of Kyusita (Cayusetsa) a Zuni potter, at work. Photographs from 1919 were shot by Jesse Nusbaum and Frederick Webb Hodge and include images of room sites, burials (restricted) and Camp Harmon. There are also images of George and Thea Heye, Harmon Hendricks and Joseph Keppler at the site.

Photographs from 1921 and 1923 were shot by Edwin Coffin and include Portraits of A:shiwi (Zuni) community members, kiva sites and room sites. There are also photographs from Donald Cadzow from 1923. Cadzow was assigned to accompany and assist Owen Cattell during the 1923 filming of events and ceremonies at Zuni (see NMAI. AC.001.001, Museum of the American Indian Ethnographic Film Collection). These include images of pottery making, skin dressing, as well as ceremonial photographs (restricted). Victor Schindler also shot images of the Rain Dance and of Owen Cattell filming at this time.

In addition to on site photographs, there are also object images included in this collection. There are also a small amount of photographs from Kechipauan that are included in this collection, separate from the Louis C.G. Clarke Kechipauan Expedition photographs (NMAI.AC.001.044).

Many of the negatives are glass plate, though the majority were also copied onto acetate "safety film" in the 1960's during a photo conservation project. Any original nitrate negatives were destroyed by the museum.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
The Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku (Hawkuh) Expedition was one of the most extensive archaeological projects ever conducted in the Southwest. With major funding from Harmon W. Hendricks, Frederick Webb Hodge began the field work in 1917 while still with the Bureau of American Ethnology. The first season was jointly sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and the Smithsonian Institution. Hodge joined the staff of the MAI in 1918 and subsequent fieldwork during the summers of 1918-1921 was sponsored by this institution. The last field season, during the summer of 1923, was jointly sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian and Louis C.G. Clarke, then director of the University Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology, Cambridge University. Major excavations were carried out at two sites of early historic villages near the modern Pueblo of Zuni, New Mexico: Hawikku (also Hawikuh) and Kechiba:wa (also Kechipawan, Kechipaun, or Kechipauan).

During the work at Hawikku, Hodge supervised a staff which included Jesse L. Nusbaum, Edwin F. Coffin, Samuel K. Lothrop, George Hubbard Pepper, Alanson Buck Skinner, Donald A. Cadzow, and Louis C. G. Clarke. In addition, at least 39 A:shiwi (Zuni) men participated in this excavation of their ancestral villages. Hodge's archaeological techniques encompassed stratigraphic excavation; the systematic recording of rooms, features, artifacts in field notebooks; in situ photographs; and ethnographic analogy. These techniques resulted in the recovery and documentation of thousands of artifacts of diverse types including ceramics, wood, bone, textiles, shell, lithics, and architectural elements from about 370 rooms, 1000 burials, and the large mission church and its associated friary. Hodge published several articles and one book related to the site on specialized topics such as bonework, turquoise, and the history of Hawikku. The only descriptive publication of the excavations, The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge, Report of the Hendricks-hodge Expedition, 19
Related Materials:
See associated materials in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001).

See: Hendricks-Hodge Archaeological Expedition papers. #9170. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.

See: "The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge: Report of the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition, 1917-1923," by Watson Smith, Richard Woodbury and Nathatlie Woodbury. Contributions from the Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation, Volume XX, 1966
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were sent back to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation by the various photographers over the course of the field work, 1917-1923.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with burials, human remains or any other cultural sensitivity are restricted.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico -- Photographs  Search this
New Mexico  Search this
Archeology -- Hawikuh -- New Mexico  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku Expedition photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.042), Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.042
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-042

John Peabody Harrington photographs from California

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Names:
Bautista, Bob, c.1843-1923  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Heye, Thea  Search this
Extent:
17 Negatives (photographic)
16 Photographic prints
2 Copy negatives
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Santa Barbara -- California -- archeology
Ventura County (Calif.)
Santa Barbara (Calif.)
Date:
1923
Summary:
Negatives and photographic prints taken by John Peabody Harrington in Santa Barbara and Ventura County, California in 1923. John Peabody Harrington (1884-1961) was an ethnologist and linguist who specialized in the Native peoples of California and served with the U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology from 1915 to 1955. Beyond his efforts to document innumerable Native languages, Harrington also collected objects for the Bureau of Ethnology and on his own. Photographs in this collection accompanied the objects he sold to or collected for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Scope and Contents:
The John Peabody Harrington photographs from California include negatives and photographic prints taken in 1923 by Harrington while in the field. All of the negatives were taken at the Ventura County fair in the fall of 1923. These photographs depict a group of Chumash men building a grass lodge, organized by J.P. Harrington, as well as Bob Bautista, a Tachi Yokuts man, demonstrating traditional boat and house building. George Gustav Heye is pictured in several shots while the Chumash grass lodge is being built. Prints [P11568-P11572] were made from the aforementioned negatives. There is also one copy negative made from one of the subsequent prints.

The remainder of the photographic prints in this collection were taken during the Burton Mound expedition, funded by Thea Heye and led by John Peabody Harrington in 1923. Photographs taken by Harrington show workers excavating the mound as well images of the mound itself. There are four additional photographs from Burton Mound that were not taken by Harrington. These include an image Of J.P Harrington, D.B. Rogers and George W. Bayley standing with excavated materials. Some of these photographs have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Arrangement:
Physically arranged by catalog number. Negatives: N08762-N08766, N08964-N08975, N35868, N36678. Prints: P06039, P05564-P05566, P09497-P09502, P11568-P11572, P28107.
Biographical / Historical:
John Peabody Harrington (1884-1961) was an ethnologist and linguist employed by the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) for forty years, from 1915 to 1955. He came to the Smithsonian after training at Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley. He became interested in Native American languages upon meeting historically renowned anthropologist A. L. Kroeber. J. P. Harrington was reportedly fluent in nine international languages and eighteen Native American languages.

In 1923, the Museum of the American Indian, Heye foundation provided funding for J.P. Harrington to lead an expedition in Santa Barbara, California to excavate the Burton Mound.

Additional information on John Peabody Harrington can be found on the National Anthropological Archives' website, home to his collection.
Related Materials:
Archaeological materials excavated from Burton Mound can be found in NMAI's archaeological collection. For more information on these object please contact NMAICollections@si.edu.
Provenance:
The negatives were acquired from John Peabody Harrington by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation shortly after they were taken in 1923. It is likely that prints [P11568-P11572] were made from the negatives some time in the 1930s. Prints from Burton Mound [P09497-P09502] were cataloged by the MAI in 1929 though the additional Burton Mound prints arrived with the collection in 1923. The provenance of P06039 and P28107 is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Mounds -- California -- Santa Barbara  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-040
Online Media:

Nacoochee Mound excavation photographs

Creator:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Source:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Names:
Nacoochee Mound Expedition, 1915  Search this
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883  Search this
Heye, Thea  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Turbyfill, Charles Orr, 1888-1966  Search this
Former owner:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Extent:
13 Photographic prints (silver gelatin)
120 Glass plate negatives
125 Copy negatives (acetate)
Culture:
Mississippian Tradition (archaeological culture)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Glass plate negatives
Copy negatives
Slides (photographs)
Photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Nacoochee Valley (Ga.)
Date:
1915
Summary:
The photographs in this collection document the excavation of the Nacoochee Mound, located along the banks of the upper Chattahoochee River in the mountains of northeast Georgia, in the summer of 1915. The excavation was a joint project between the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation and the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Scope and Contents:
The Nacoochee Mound excavation photographs consists of glass plate negatives, photographic prints and copy negatives related to the joint effort of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation and the Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology to excavate the mound in the summer of 1915. The photographic materials primarily depict the mound photographed from various directions before and during excavation, but also objects and antiquities exhumed from the mound and members of the field team posed singly and as a group on the mound site, including George G. Heye and his wife Thea Heye. Any photographs that include images of burials or human remains have been restricted. Other MAI staff photographed include Frederick Webb Hodge, Charles Turbyfill and Edwin Coffin. George Gustav Heye is listed as the photographer but it is much more likely that George Hubbard Pepper or another one of the MAI staff shot the photographs.

Glass negatives include N00478-N00597. The copy negatives (acetate) have the same N #'s as the glass plate negatives and also include N34266, N36690-N36693, which are copies of the photographic prints. These copy negatives were made by the Museum of the American Indian sometime in the 1960s as part of a large photograph conservation project. Silver gelatin prints include P11593-P11605.
Arrangement note:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Between May and October of 1915, the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation and the Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology collaborated to excavate the Nacoochee Mound, located in the Nacooche Valley along the upper Chattahoochee River in northeast Georgia. One of the earliest scientific excavations of its kind in the state of Georgia, the Nacoochee Mound excavation was headed by Frederick Webb Hodge and George Hubbard Pepper and found evidence of at least two mound stages with a total of seventy-five human burials, some of them intrusive from a later time. George Heye, Hodge, and Pepper's co-authored paper, "The Nacoochee Mound in Georgia," appeared in vol. 4, no. 3 of Contributions from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.

Although there is also evidence for previous occupation, archaeological evidence at the Nacoochee Mound site and the nearby Eastwood site suggests that these two mound sites probably served as local, primarily administrative, centers during the Middle Lamar Period (approximately late fifteenth to early sixteenth centuries). (particularly Eastwood) The village around Nacoochee Mound has not been excavated but is possibly the site of Nacoochee or Chota, two Cherokee villages documented by Colonel George Chicken's 1715 expedition. These two towns continued to appear on maps until the mid-eighteenth century but were abandoned shortly thereafter.
Separated Materials:
See George Pepper's field notes from the Nacoochee Mound, 1915 in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 191, Folder 4-8. All archaeological materials from this excavation can be found in NMAI's archaeology collections.
Provenance:
The negatives are field photographs created by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1915. It is still not clear when or how the photographic prints came to the Museum of the American Indian, though they were cataloged sometime around 1935.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Some photographs are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Georgia -- Nacoochee Valley (Ga.)  Search this
Mounds -- Georgia -- Nacoochee Valley (Ga.)  Search this
Antiquities -- Georgia -- Nacoochee Valley (Ga.)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Georgia  Search this
Indians of North America -- Georgia -- Nacoochee Valley (Ga.) -- Antiqiuties  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Nacoochee Mound excavation photographs, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.007
See more items in:
Nacoochee Mound excavation photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-007
Online Media:

Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation ethnographic film collection

Creator:
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960  Search this
Cattell, Owen  Search this
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883  Search this
Ford, James B., 1844-1928  Search this
Gilmore, Melvin R. (Melvin Randolph), 1868-1940  Search this
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923).  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Landini, Louis  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Names:
Chaves, Lorenzo  Search this
Drags Wolf  Search this
Foolish Bear  Search this
Heye, Thea  Search this
Mandan, Arthur  Search this
Waihusiwa  Search this
Extent:
147 Motion picture films
25 Videocassettes (Digital Betacam)
58 Electronic discs (DVD)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Pilagá  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion picture films
Videocassettes (digital betacam)
Electronic discs (dvd)
Date:
1917-1938
Scope and Contents note:
This collection of films produced and acquired by the Museum of the American Indian (MAI) contains materials created by and for the MAI as ethnographic studies and as documentation of its own activities (including archaeological expeditions and cultural exchanges) between 1917 and 1938. Tribes represented include: Arikara, Crow, Navajo, Pilaga, Pueblo, Shoshone, and Zuni. Also included is footage of Hidatsa representatives and Zuni translators in Washington, D.C. and at the MAI; footage of MAI founder and director George Gustav Heye; and footage of the Hawikku (Hawikuh) and Kechipauan archaeological sites, Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico. The collection consists mainly of successive 16mm and 35mm negative film duplicates and prints of now-destroyed original 35mm nitrate negatives. Series 4 gathers paper records directly pertaining to the collection. Preservation copies of the films exist on 35mm polyester film and Digital Betacam video tape. Access copies are available on DVDs.

The first series in this collection includes film, video, and DVD duplicates of ethnographic films funded, overseen, and filmed by agents of the MAI throughout the Western and Southwestern United States. The second series includes ethnographic films acquired rather than produced by the MAI of the Navajo and Pilaga. The third series consists of film produced by the MAI documenting its own activities, including an excavation at Hawikuh and Kechipauan, New Mexico; footage of MAI founder and director George Gustav Heye; and footage of Native visitors to the MAI and to Washington, D.C.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged into four series and chronologically within each series. Included are Series 1: Films Produced by the Museum of the American Indian, 1923-1927; Series 2: Films Acquired by the Museum of the American Indian, 1923-1924; Series 3: Documentation of Museum of the American Indian Activities, 1917-1938; and Series 4: Paper Records of the Ethnographic Film Collection. Titles within subseries are generally arranged alphabetically, with unrestricted titles listed before those restricted due to culturally sensitive content.

Within the collection, each unit of motion picture film (reel, videotape, or DVD) is assigned an identifying number. In this system, the final four appended numbers correspond to a title and a format. The full identifying number will appear as such: NMAI.AC.001.001.XX.YY, where XX corresponds to a numbered title and YY indicates the format of the print, as follows:

01: 35mm print (1917–1938, circa the original film dates)

02: 16mm dupe neg (made circa 1961 from XX.01 35mm)

03: 16mm print (from XX.02 for release, circa 1961)

04: 16mm print (from XX.02 for file/work or research, circa 1961)

05: 35mm dupe neg (preservation copy, made 2012–2014 from XX.01 and XX.02)

06: 35mm answer print (made 2012-2014 from XX.05)

07: Digital Betacam (preservation copy, made 2012-2014 from XX.06)

08, 09, 10 (if applicable): DVD (access copy, made 2012-2014 from XX.06)

11 and up: other copies and prints (see title-level notes for explanations)

Thus, for instance, the item with the number NMAI.AC.001.001.02.03 is the 16mm release print copy of the title "Deerskin Tanning and Wrapping the Leggings."

The content of each print or negative corresponding to the same title (XX) may be identical or similar. The content of the 1917-1938-era 35mm prints and the 1960s-era 16mm films differ. As the 35mm prints had deteriorated, damaged footage was removed prior to producing the 16mm negatives. After the 16mm negatives were produced, nitrate intertitles and additional damaged footage were also removed from the 35mm prints. The 2012-2014-era 35mm films were made by combining the existing 35mm prints with footage from the 16mm negatives in order to restore the most complete existing content to its highest possible quality. The Digital Betacam and DVD copies reproduce this restored footage.

This preservation and restoration effort was made possible by funding from the National Film Preservation Foundation, Save America's Treasures, and the Smithsonian Collections Care and Preservation Fund, as well as support from the National Museum of the American Indian.
Historical Note:
The Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation was founded by George Gustav Heye in 1908 as a repository for his extensive collection of American Indian artifacts. Through the MAI, Heye funded extensive archaeological and anthropological fieldwork throughout the Americas. This collection represents a series of ethnographic films made in the course of MAI expeditions throughout the Western and Southwestern United States, as well as similar films purchased by the museum. The films record a variety of American Indian traditions, including crafts, foodways, games, and ceremonies, and were spurred by the era's perception of Native communities as "fast-disappearing" and vulnerable to dramatic change. The activities recorded range from quotidian to highly culturally sensitive, as followed Heye's all-encompassing collecting strategy.

The MAI's motion picture expeditions took place between 1923 and 1927 and were carried out by a number of agents of the museum, usually in the course of gathering artifacts. Many of these agents were anthropologists accompanied by professional photographers, but other footage is amateur. The MAI treated the series in full as technical educational material, noting in their 1962 motion picture film catalog that "they are not suitable for general entertainment."

The moving image collection of the MAI included these self-produced films as well as similar films purchased by the museum and film shot in the course of the museum's activities, including documentation of archaeological digs, staff, and Native visitors. In 1961-1962, recognizing the educational potential of its collection, the MAI received a grant from the National Science Foundation to transfer the original deteriorating nitrate prints to safety film, discarding film and editing prints in the process. In 2012-2014, the National Museum of the American Indian completed a transfer of the titles to Digital Betacam and DVD formats, combining footage from both original and 1961-1962-era prints to salvage as much content as possible. This work was completed with funding from the National Film Preservation Foundation, Save America's Treasures, and the Smithsonian Collections Care and Preservation Fund.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday–Thursday, 9:30 am–4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Ceremonial images are restricted due to cultural sensitivity. Consult the archivist for further information.
Rights:
Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Archaeological expeditions  Search this
Archeology -- Hawikuh -- New Mexico  Search this
Ethnological expeditions  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Antiquities  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Indians of North America -- Social life and customs  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest  Search this
Indians of South America  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian Ethnographic Film Collection, Call Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.001
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation ethnographic film collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-001

Ornament

Culture/People:
probably Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Seller:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Ornament
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Cast
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3416
Barcode:
163416.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d9a18eda-2098-4bed-99bf-b3f0d1fae2ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175153
Online Media:

Pendant

Culture/People:
possibly Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Seller:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Pendant
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Cast
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3414
Barcode:
163414.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6028da850-7acd-4be9-95c4-f04722237515
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175151
Online Media:

Labret/Lip plug representing a bird

Culture/People:
probably Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Seller agent:
Andre Portier, Non-Indian, 1886-1963  Search this
Fernand Lair-Dubreuil, Non-Indian, 1867-1931  Search this
Auction venue:
Hotel Drouot  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Labret/Lip plug representing a bird
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Cast
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3446
Barcode:
163446.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65294053a-5af0-44d7-90dd-2f15ac9ebfdc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175183
Online Media:

Bell Plain jar in the form of a frog

Culture/People:
probably Central/Middle Mississippian (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
I. McGirk Mitchell (Isaac McGirk Mitchell), Non-Indian, 1868-1926  Search this
Seller:
I. McGirk Mitchell (Isaac McGirk Mitchell), Non-Indian, 1868-1926  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Bell Plain jar in the form of a frog
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled
Dimensions:
24 x 18 x 19 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Blytheville; Mississippi County; Arkansas; USA
Date created:
AD 1400–1650 (Late Mississippian period)
Catalog Number:
5/6528
Barcode:
056528.000
See related items:
Central/Middle Mississippian (archaeological culture)
Containers and Vessels
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Woodlands
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a5564a61-2724-446d-8e53-ac532aa93e5f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_60519
Online Media:

Pendant in the form of a snake head

Culture/People:
probably Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Seller:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Pendant in the form of a snake head
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Cast
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3413
Barcode:
163413.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d1be207f-17ce-4f46-ab6f-f1fee82dd27a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175150
Online Media:

Vessel in the form of a human head

Culture/People:
probably Central/Middle Mississippian (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
I. McGirk Mitchell (Isaac McGirk Mitchell), Non-Indian, 1868-1926  Search this
Seller:
I. McGirk Mitchell (Isaac McGirk Mitchell), Non-Indian, 1868-1926  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Vessel in the form of a human head
Media/Materials:
Pottery, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled, incised, painted
Dimensions:
18 x 19 x 16 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Blytheville; Mississippi County; Arkansas; USA
Date created:
AD 1400–1650 (Late Mississippian period)
Catalog Number:
5/2981
Barcode:
052981.000
See related items:
Central/Middle Mississippian (archaeological culture)
Containers and Vessels
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Woodlands
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws650e1f03c-3d44-494b-a802-8405c68d074b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_57283
Online Media:

Puebla-style ring representing a mythical bird (coxcox)

Culture/People:
probably Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Seller:
Leo Stein, Non-Indian, 1872-1947  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Puebla-style ring representing a mythical bird (coxcox)
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Cast, filigree
Dimensions:
1.8 x 2.2 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3417
Barcode:
163417.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c3d95d65-3e71-487a-8706-be6a3a6d9e6b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175154
Online Media:

Puebla-style ring

Culture/People:
probably Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Seller agent:
Andre Portier, Non-Indian, 1886-1963  Search this
Fernand Lair-Dubreuil, Non-Indian, 1867-1931  Search this
Auction venue:
Hotel Drouot  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Puebla-style ring
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Filigree
Dimensions:
2 x 2 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3447
Barcode:
163447.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d67a5b28-b7bd-4160-8910-31256c4ad894
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175185
Online Media:

Puebla-style necklace of forty turtle-shaped beads

Culture/People:
probably Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Seller agent:
Andre Portier, Non-Indian, 1886-1963  Search this
Fernand Lair-Dubreuil, Non-Indian, 1867-1931  Search this
Auction venue:
Hotel Drouot  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Puebla-style necklace of forty turtle-shaped beads
Media/Materials:
Gold
Techniques:
Cast, perforated
Dimensions:
22.6 x 21.0 x 4.4 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
San Francisco; Sola de Vega District, Sierra Sur Region; Oaxaca State; Mexico
Date created:
AD 1200–1521 (Post-Classic period)
Catalog Number:
16/3451
Barcode:
163451.000
See related items:
Mixteca (Mixtec) (archaeological culture)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61f99d333-f5b1-41a7-8fd2-cc2ff82ae8e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_175189
Online Media:

Harpoon head and line

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Harpoon head and line
Media/Materials:
Iron, deer antler, animal bone, cordage
Techniques:
Wrapped, carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Washington; USA
Catalog Number:
10/4910
Barcode:
104910.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60fae69a8-c1cd-44fb-a88c-2a0461ca34d8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_113364
Online Media:

Mnemonic device/record and bag (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Sally Jackson, Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Previous owner:
Sally Jackson, Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Mnemonic device/record and bag (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Indigenous Knowledge and Records
Place:
Washington; USA
Date created:
1914-1919
Catalog Number:
10/4929
Barcode:
104929.000
See related items:
Yakama (Yakima)
Indigenous Knowledge and Records
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws692f30c71-6ef3-4440-aae3-80153987e7b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_113384

Basket

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Possible owner:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Sumac
Techniques:
Coiled
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
10/6067
Barcode:
106067.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69913470a-6e10-4018-ad35-5a8f33d9fb55
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_114037
Online Media:

Jar

Culture/People:
possibly Purepecha (Tarasco) (attributed)  Search this
Possible owner:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Jar
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Guadalajara; Guadalajara Municipality, Centro Region; Jalisco State; Mexico
Catalog Number:
10/6172
Barcode:
106172.000
See related items:
Purepecha (Tarasco)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68aeeeada-c695-4dea-adfc-84810e208e58
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_114599
Online Media:

Vase

Culture/People:
probably Non-Indian (attributed)  Search this
Possible owner:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Vase
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Irapuato; Irapuato Municipality; Guanajuato State; Mexico
Catalog Number:
10/6176
Barcode:
106176.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws688391912-60eb-4e1b-a35c-97f0b2d57342
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_114603
Online Media:

Basket tray

Culture/People:
Yurok  Search this
Previous owner:
Earl G. Johnson (E. G. Johnson), Non-Indian, 1880-1945  Search this
Seller:
Earl G. Johnson (E. G. Johnson), Non-Indian, 1880-1945  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Basket tray
Media/Materials:
Willow, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Twined
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Klamath River; Del Norte County, Humboldt County, Siskiyou County; California; USA
Catalog Number:
11/3527
Barcode:
113527.000
See related items:
Yurok
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63858c491-7703-4981-857b-b74b9d3b8a76
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_122361
Online Media:

Basket bowl

Culture/People:
Yokuts  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Basket bowl
Media/Materials:
Grass, sedge root, bracken fern root
Techniques:
Coiled
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Central California; California; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
11/5323
Barcode:
115323.000
See related items:
Yokuts
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6273562a9-ad5f-4a18-8651-aeb2c34df301
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_123881
Online Media:

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