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Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Publisher:
American Stereoscopic Co.  Search this
H. C. White Co.  Search this
Killela, J.J.  Search this
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Underwood, Elmer, 1859-1947  Search this
Photographer:
Ponting, Herbert George, 1870-1935  Search this
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Underwood, Elmer, 1859-1947  Search this
White, Clarence W.  Search this
Extent:
160 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Lantern slides
Date:
1895-1921
Scope and Contents:
The major part of the collection, series 1-4, contains nearly 28,000 glass plates, including original stereoscopic negatives, interpositives, and both negative and positive non-stereoscopic plates used to produce lantern slides and paper prints. The photographs were taken all over the world. The majority are from the Underwood & Underwood active files, but plates from other publishers are also included. Series 5 is a small collection of paper stereographs. Series 6 contains 4 Underwood & Underwood descriptive sales catalogs and 1 H. C. White & Co. catalog (numbers on the Underwood plates correspond to the numbers on catalog captions). Series 7 is apparatus--four stereoscopes.

The approximately 28,000 glass plates in this collection have not been completely inspected at this point due to handling problems associated with asbestos contamination of the collection. A preliminary survey, however, indicated that the selections of images cover the full range of subject matter encompassed by the "Underwood Travel System." The subject matter is most easily comprehended by consulting one of the Underwood sales catalogs which accompany the collection. The catalog captions are arranged geographically, for the most part, and generally represent an organized "tour" which could be purchased as a boxed set, complete with maps and guide book, although individual images could be purchased separately. The catalogs indicate that the Underwood files were continually updated, for extensive modifications in some of the sets can be seen from edition to edition, and actual inspection of published stereographs shows that alternate views with identical Underwood catalog numbers were substituted from time to time, and that new subjects (with new catalog numbers) were sometimes introduced into the sets and old subjects were retired. There are glass plate negatives as well as positives in this collection. The positive images were probably interpositives used for the production of duplicate negatives. Some of the original stereo negatives were cut apart and the images transposed; they were then bound with an additional glass support (in many cases the tape has deteriorated). Half stereo positives also appear in the collection: these probably were intended for use in lantern slide production. Frequently a drawer of plates contains several incarnations of a single image, including the original negative, a copy negative, an interpositive, and a positive lantern slide. In other cases a drawer may contain only a single mode, e.g., original negatives, while corresponding positives and/or lantern slides appear in separate drawers.

A small quantity of the Underwood & Underwood plates are not from the Travel System, but represent humorous and genre subjects which were cataloged and marketed separately. The work of several other publishers, usually without Underwood catalog numbers, is also represented, including H. C. White, American Stereoscopic Company, and J. J. Killela.

The arrangement of the collection seems to reflect a combination of permanent reference storage as well as active use files. The apparent anomalies or inconsistencies probably indicate the pulling of plates from permanent files into temporary work files, and the collection may consist of a combination of permanent storage and temporary working files. As the drawers do not appear to have been renumbered according to any easily discernible pattern, they have become intermixed and rearranged in storage. The contents of each drawer usually have been found in good order, however, and the plates were nearly always arranged numerically,usually with the low numbers at the rear of the drawer and the highest number at the front. As the plates have been rehoused, the reverse numerical order has been corrected. When all the plates have been rehoused and inventoried, consideration will be given to general collection rearrangement and renumbering of the containers, either strictly in numerical order or topically and/or geographically with a numerical sequence within each group.

The collection is in good condition for the most part, although conservation attention will be required. There is a certain amount of emulsion peeling or frilling at the edges of some plates, but this is a condition to which emulsions on glass frequently are prone. A few plates, bound in a sandwich arrangement between cover glass and acetate facing the emulsion, have suffered severe damage, peeling, and image losses through the apparent ferrotyping and sticking of emulsion to the plastic, probably under conditions of high humidity at some stage. There is surprisingly little glass breakage within the collection.

Most of the stereoscopic negatives and many of the positives are defaced with a double "XI' scratched into the emulsion of either the left or right side, as described above in the historical note. Of particular interest and presumed rarity are cards found interfiled with plates in many of the drawers. These cards, filed by Underwood (i.e., catalog) numbers, bear printing'or production dates and notes, along with the unique, chronological accession numbers which the company assigned to each plate, regardless of the "active" number which it might eventually receive. A check mark on a card usually refers to a plate actually in the collection and with which the card is found physically associated; additional accession numbers without check marks listed on the cards possibly refer to variant views which were discarded or may in fact be in the Keystone Mast Collection (pending further research). For ease of handling and in the interest of conservation, the cards have been separated from the plates within each drawer and are arranged as a group at the rear, but can still be located easily. Frequently when a plate and/or its original envelope does not bear both the "active" and accession numbers, the missing number can be located on one of these cards.

Photographers represented include Herbert G. Ponting and Clarence W. White. A photographer and/or publisher named J. J. Killela is also represented.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in seven series. Series 1, 2, and 3 are each divided into negative and positive subseries. Plates are arranged numerically in groups based on geographical and subject content. Controlled at the series level in the finding aid and at the item level in a computer database.

Series 1, H. C. White glass plates

Series 2, American Stereoscpopic Co. glass plates

Series 3, Underwood & Underwood glass plates

Series 4, Broken glass plates

Series 5, Original company catalogs

Series 6, Paper stereographs

Series 7, stereoscopes (viewers)
Biographical / Historical:
Underwood & Underwood was established at Ottawa, Kansas, by the young brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood in 1882. They initially operated as distributors for eastern photographers' stereographs to new markets in the West. Their activities included door to door canvassing with views by Charles Bierstadt, J. F. Jarvis, and Littleton View Co.(1) Underwood & Underwood, Publishers, opened a branch office in Baltimore in 1887.(2)

Soon Underwood & Underwood and other large stereograph publishers began recruiting college students to work as salesmen during summer months (1890). Underwood and Underwood claimed that their organization alone sent out as many as 3,000 college students in one Summer [sic]. With the other ... big companies each employing more than 1,000, it is easy to understand how the countryside of the Nation literally swarmed with stereograph salesmen throughout the summer months! ... The competition between the salesmen themselves was likewise aggressive, with no holds barred. Many successful business and professional men of today relate with considerable pride that they got their start on their careers in this practical and very effective school of salesmanship.(3)

The company moved its main office from Ottawa, Kansas to New York City (1891),(4) and gradually began to publish its own stereographs. Bert Underwood finally took photography lessons from M. Abel in Mentone, France during the same year.(5) B. L. Singley, erstwhile salesman for the Underwood & Underwood and James M. Davis & Co. firms, in 1892 formed the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania, which was to become Underwood & Underwood's chief competitor and imitator.(6)

Underwood & Underwood entered the education market (1895) by producing packaged sets of 100 or more stereographs with descriptive texts.(7) From 1897 the firm employed full time staff photographers as well as free lancers. By 1901 the Underwoods were publishing 25,000 stereographs per day (i.e.,total number of cards). Increasing production levels led them to gain control of the Jarvis, Bierstadt, and William H. Rau photoprinting facilities in 1897 1898.(8)

The Keystone view Company created its own Educational Department in 1898. This division sustained the Keystone View Company past the period of the stereograph's popularity. In this year Underwood & Underwood reprinted Oliver Wendell Holmes's series on the stereograph and stereoscope which originally appeared in The Atlantic Monthly between 1859 and 1863. This eighty page booklet included testimonials from eminent scholars on the value of the stereograph in education. The company had been test marketing what itlater called "The Underwood Travel System." This consisted of a boxed set of stereo views of a country or region, a guide book describing the significance of the places shown, and a map showing their location and the viewpoints from which the stereographs were taken. Captions on the backs of the stereographs were sometimes printed in six languages.(9) As stereographs began to be used in schools as visual aids, the firm promoted its Travel System with endorsements from prominent educators, citing the usage of the system by various schools and universities.(10)

The H. C. White Company, which had manufactured stereoscopes for several decades, entered the stereo publication field in 1899.(11) Much of its production seemed to imitate Underwood & Underwood cards, including typography and the color of mount stock. Underwood & Underwood expanded into news photography by 1910 and gradually decreased its stereographic work. Few new stereo negatives were added to the file after 1912 except for a flurry of activity during the early war years, 1914 1916. The total number of Underwood & Underwood "titles" in stereo were from 30,000 to 40,000 (there might be a substantially larger number of actual negatives, since the files frequently were updated with newer views for old catalog numbers).(12)

Underwood & Underwood sold a portion of its negative file to the educational division of Keystone View Company in 1912,(13) and between 1921 1923 conveyed to this competitor their remaining stereo stock (presumably both cards and negatives) and rights.(14) In addition to its involvement as a news photographic agency, the company eventually opened portrait studios which flourished during the World war II years. A former Smithsonian employee, Vince Connolly, worked for Underwood & Underwood, which competed with Harris & Ewing in general portrait work during that period: he did portraiture and other photography, but says he was unaware of his employer's earlier stereo publishing activities.

Underwood & Underwood donated approximately 6000 negatives to the Section of Photography of the Division of Graphic Arts (1964). These photographs are primarily 4" x 5", captioned glass plate and film negatives. The subjects are news events and theatrical, sports, and political subjects of the early 20th century. In a letter to the Smithsonian of March 25, 1966 (in accession number 270586), Mrs. John M. Stratton described another collection of Underwood & Underwood photographs, stating that her husband had been a partner in Underwood & Underwood Illustrations and owned Underwood & Underwood News Photos. In November of the same year Mr. and Mrs. Stratton donated this collection of glass plates by Underwood & Underwood and other publishers to the Division of Photographic History (then the Section of Photography of the Division of Graphic Arts) . This material consists of both negative and positive stereographic plates, as well as non stereoscopic plates, chiefly copies made from the stereographs, with some catalogs, stereoscopes, and other material. The donor estimated 12,900 plates, but in 1983 the Smithsonian Institution inventory yielded a total of approximately 28,000 plates.

The Keystone View Company's stereoscopic production continued much later than Underwood & Underwood's. It was not until 1939 when declining interest in stereography led the firm to discontinue stereograph production and enter the field of visual optometrics. The stereoscopic negative collection, including material obtained from Underwood & Underwood and other firms, was placed in storage in concrete vaults. The Mast family of Davenport, Iowa, eventually purchased the collection in 1963, and in 1977 donated the collection to the University of California for its California Museum of Photography in Riverside. The University took physical possession of this vast collection in 1979.(15)

Many of the Underwood & Underwood plates donated by the Strattons (which were transferred to the Archives Center in 1983), in effect have been cancelled by having diagonal lines (double "X" marks) scratched into the emulsion of either the left or right image of each stereo pair (never both sides). These cancellation marks do not appear on the Underwood & Underwood plates in the Keystone Mast Collection in Riverside. This leads to several theories: (a) that these cancellations were in fact the reason that the Smithsonian plates were not purchased by Keystone in either 1912 or 1921, since Keystone clearly intended to use the Underwood material for stereograph production and the defaced plates would be of no value to them for this purpose; or (b), as stereo collector John Waldsmith suggests, that the cancellations were part of an agreement between Underwood & Underwood and Keystone: Keystone may have asked Underwood & Underwood to cancel one side of each stereoscopic plate not being sold to Keystone so that Underwood & Underwood would no longer be able to compete with Keystone in the stereo market. The defaced plates, as well as other material which Keystone did not purchase, apparently remained in Underwood custody and eventually were acquired by Mr. and Mrs. Stratton. The cancellation marks in the Smithsonian's collection are the subject of further conjecture. Edward Earle at Riverside feels that, since Underwood & Underwood sought to abandonded stereograph production much earlier than Keystone's departure from the field in order to enter the non stereoscopic lantern slide market, the cancellation may have served to indicate which side of each sterescopic pair should be converted to lantern slide production use; the existence of the 4" x 5" copy negatives and positives from stereographs in this collection seem to corroborate this. The Underwood & Underwood conversion from stereograph to lantern slide materials seems to coincide with the ascendance of lantern slide projection as visual aids in schools. The company apparently modified the type of photographic product which they published at least partially in recognition of this new educational trend.

NOTES

1. edward W. Earle, ed., Points of View: The Stereograph in America A Cultural @ Visual 'g . E!Ltory, Rochester, F.Y., Th Studies Workshop ress, 1979, p. 60; William Culp Darrah, The World of Stereographs, Gettysburg, Pa., 1979, p. 46.

2. Tbid., p. 62.

3. George E. Hamilton, Oliver Wendell Holmes, His Pioneer SLtuereoscope and Later Industry, New York, New )men Society, 1949, p. 17, quoted in Points of 1=e w:, 6 4 . P.

4. Points of View., p. 66.

5. Darrah, p. 47.

6. points of View, p. 66.

7. Ibid., p. 68.

8. Darrah, p. 47.

9. Points of View, p. 70.

10. Howard S. Becker, "Steteographs: Local, National, and International Art Worlds," in Points of View, p. 95. 11. points of View, p. 72.

12. Darrah, p. 48.

13. Darrah, p. 48, quoted in Points of View, P. 82.

14. Darrah, p. 48.

15. Chris J. Kenney, introduction to "Perspective and the Past: The Keystone Mast Collection," CMP Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1982.
Related Materials:
California Museum of Photography, University of California--Riverside, Riverside, California 92521.

Underwood & Underwood stereographs in this collection and the Smithsonian Underwood & Underwood Collection originally were components of the same company file.
Provenance:
Collection donated by June Stratton (Mrs. John M.) on December 19, 1966.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Traveling sales personnel  Search this
Travel photography -- 1890-1930  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- Interpositives -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Stereoscopic photographs -- Glass -- 1890-1930
Lantern slides
Photographs -- 1890-1900
Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0143
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0143
Online Media:

Herbert, George

Collection Creator:
Karp, Ivan C., 1926-2012  Search this
O.K. Harris Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ivan C. Karp papers and OK Harris Works of Art gallery records, 1960-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ivan C. Karp papers and OK Harris Works of Art gallery records
Ivan C. Karp papers and OK Harris Works of Art gallery records / Series 4: Artist Files / 4.6: Past, Group C
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-okharr-ref519

Hilaire Hiler papers, 1925-1966

Creator:
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966  Search this
Subject:
Birren, Faber  Search this
Boldt, O'Brien  Search this
Boyle, Kay  Search this
Connelly, Marc  Search this
Crosby, Caresse  Search this
Cunard, Nancy  Search this
Cunningham, Ben  Search this
Ferren, John  Search this
Flax, Jerome  Search this
Herz, Jay H.  Search this
Hirschfeld, Al  Search this
Holty, Carl  Search this
Inverarity, Robert Bruce  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
Lavell, Charles  Search this
Lebrun, Rico  Search this
Léger, Fernand  Search this
Levi, Albert William  Search this
Mathews, Paul  Search this
Miller, Henry  Search this
Moran, Jim  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Ray, Man  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Schapiro, Meyer  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
Snow, C. P. (Charles Percy)  Search this
Varèse, Edgard  Search this
Wells, H. G. (Herbert George)  Search this
Williams, William Carlos  Search this
Wittenborn, George  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire  Search this
America's Artists in Particular  Search this
Foundation for Integrated Education  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9015
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211204
AAA_collcode_hilehila
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211204

Wells, Herbert George

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies W
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref71229

Wells, Herbert George

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CW, Folder 350000-00
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Bibliographies
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies W / Wells, Herbert George
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref71230

Wells, Herbert George

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer CW, Folder 350000-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C: Biographies: Individuals / Biographies W / Wells, Herbert George
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref71233

Hilaire Hiler papers

Creator:
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966  Search this
Names:
America's Artists in Particular  Search this
Foundation for Integrated Education  Search this
Birren, Faber, 1900-  Search this
Boldt, O'Brien  Search this
Boyle, Kay, 1902  Search this
Connelly, Marc, 1890-  Search this
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-  Search this
Cunard, Nancy, 1896-1965  Search this
Cunningham, Ben, 1904-1975  Search this
Ferren, John, 1905-1970  Search this
Flax, Jerome  Search this
Herz, Jay H.  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966 -- Color and design : a structuralist approach  Search this
Hirschfeld, Al  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Inverarity, Robert Bruce, 1909-1999  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
Lavell, Charles  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Levi, Albert William, 1911-  Search this
Léger, Fernand, 1881-1955  Search this
Mathews, Paul  Search this
Miller, Henry, 1891-1980  Search this
Moran, Jim  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Schapiro, Meyer, 1904-  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970  Search this
Snow, C. P. (Charles Percy), 1905-  Search this
Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965  Search this
Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946  Search this
Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963  Search this
Wittenborn, George, 1905-1974  Search this
Extent:
3.4 Linear feet ((on 6 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Date:
1925-1966
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; printed materials; art works and miscellaneous papers.
REELS D302-D302a: Correspondence, some dating from Hiler's years in Paris in the 1920s; autobiographical and biographical material; published articles by Hiler, "Costumes and Ideologies," "Some Associative Aspects of Color," "Structuralism," "The Search for a Method of Graphic Expression," and "The Origin and Development of Structural Design;" the book Why Abstract, co-authored by him; exhibition catalogs; magazine articles on and about him; and miscellaneous papers. Some material on D302 has been duplicated on reel D302a.
Correspondents include: Faber Birren, Kay Boyle, Marc Connelly, Caresse Crosby, Nancy Cunard (11 items), Ben Cunningham (to Hiler's daughter), John Ferren, Al Hirschfeld, Carl Holty (5 items, up to 14 p. each), Robert Bruce Inverarity, Gyorgy Kepes, Katharine Kuh, Rico Lebrun, Fernand Leger, Albert W. Levi, Paul Mathews, Henry Miller, Abraham Rattner, Man Ray, Ad Reinhardt, Meyer Schapiro, Charles P. Snow, Edgar Varese, Herbert G. Wells, and William Carlos Williams.
In the 5 Holty letters, up to 14 p. each, Holty comments on aesthetics, color theory, the work of Abraham Rattner, Holty's painting, the history of modern art after WWII, and his trip across America with Henry Miller and Rattner.
REELS 611-614: Personal and business correspondence, bills and receipts, certificates, licenses, membership cards; 2 sketchbooks, and 17 loose sketches, many with notes and instructions; 3 notebooks, containing miscellaneous writings, clippings and sketches; 37 illustrations and diagrams, possibly for a book; 119 miscellaneous items relating to color and design; articles and short stories; writings on structuralism, including a copy of the typescript for COLOR AND DESIGN: A STRUCTURALIST APPROACH; a typed draft of Hiler's autobiography (292 p.); 14 exhibition catalogs and announcements; 20 clippings, and printed material; and miscellaneous papers.
Correspondents include America's Artists in Particular (organization), O'Brien Boldt, Kay Boyle, Ben Cunningham, Jerome Flax, the Foundation for Intergrated Education, Jay H. Herz, Gyorgy Kepes, Charles Lavell, Jim Moran, Henry Schnakenberg, and George Wittenborn.
Biographical / Historical:
Mural painter, designer, decorator, writer; New York, N.Y. and Paris.
Provenance:
Donated 1967-1968 by Hilaire Hiler.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.hilehila
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hilehila

Photographs -- Autographed Photo of H. G. (Herbert George) Wells

Collection Creator:
Ya-Ching, Lee  Search this
Container:
Box 98 (Shared), Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers, NASM.2008.0009, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lee Ya-Ching Papers
Lee Ya-Ching Papers / Series 1: Personal
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2008-0009-ref848

Travel, Virgin Islands (see also oversized, Box 163)

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 1949
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.9: Lockbourne AAB/AAF/AFB (Lockbourne, OH), Base Commander
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1846
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  • View Travel, Virgin Islands (see also oversized, Box 163) digital asset number 1

The Invisible Man

Author:
Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946  Search this
Collection Creator:
W. Atlee Burpee Company  Search this
Burpee, W. Atlee (Washington Atlee), 1858-1915  Search this
Burpee, David, 1893-1980  Search this
James Vick's Sons (Rochester, N.Y.).  Search this
Wm. Henry Maule (Firm)  Search this
Extent:
1 Book
Container:
Box 14
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Date:
1897
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, W. Atlee Burpee & Company Records.
See more items in:
W. Atlee Burpee & Company records
W. Atlee Burpee & Company records / Series 6: Burpee Family Papers / 6.2: W. Atlee Burpee (1858-1915)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-bur-ref997

Jack Mitchell photographs of artists, 1966-1977

Creator:
Mitchell, Jack, 1925-  Search this
Mitchell, Jack, 1925-  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- Photographs  Search this
Artists -- Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15622
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)281809
AAA_collcode_mitcjack
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_281809

Dore Ashton papers, circa 1928-2014

Creator:
Ashton, Dore, 1928-2017  Search this
Ashton, Dore, 1928-2017  Search this
Subject:
Adley, James  Search this
Adams, Pat  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Albee, Edward  Search this
Hiss, Alger  Search this
Howes, Barbara  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Hellman, Lillian  Search this
Lindner, Richard  Search this
Malamud, Bernard  Search this
Kaprow, Allan  Search this
Licht, Fred  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Vasilikos, Vasilēs  Search this
Yunkers, Adja  Search this
Reuterswärd, Carl Fredrik  Search this
Sterne, Hedda  Search this
Tinguely, Jean  Search this
Borges, Jacopo Luis  Search this
Congdon, Dennis  Search this
Herbert, George  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Giacometti, Alberto  Search this
Guidieri, Remo  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Driskell, David C.  Search this
Berthot, Jake  Search this
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Arnheim, Rudolf  Search this
Avedon, Richard  Search this
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art  Search this
New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Yale University  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Transcripts
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Dadaism  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5858
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208698
AAA_collcode_ashtdore
Theme:
Women
Art Theory and Historiography
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208698
Online Media:

Bennington College Visual Arts Department records, 1948-1982

Creator:
Bennington College. Visual Arts Dept  Search this
Bennington College. Visual Arts Dept  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Vermont -- Bennington  Search this
Art in universities and colleges  Search this
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related  Search this
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8448
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210623
AAA_collcode_benncoll
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210623

H.G. Wells

Alternate Title:
Herbert George Wells
Artist:
Herbert Samuel Bert Thomas, 1883 - 1966  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Pencil, pen and ink and crayon on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet (paper size): 29.8 × 23.8cm (11 3/4 × 9 3/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1930s or 1940s?
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Container  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
4543 PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d8178228-b633-4592-b1e2-fd0853cd1d28
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_4543_PGL

H.G. Wells

Alternate Title:
Herbert George Wells
Artist:
Feliks Topolski, 1907 - 1989  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 76.5 × 63.8cm (30 1/8 × 25 1/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1943
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
6324 PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm464f2ac07-874b-412f-8967-ae9ef881757b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_6324_PGL

H.G. Wells

Artist:
David Low, 1891 - 1963  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Pencil
Dimensions:
Sheet (estimate): 21.9 × 13cm (8 5/8 × 5 1/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1926 or before
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
4529(384) PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f620233b-dab3-45a9-bbbe-25ac6bf0bd8b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_4529_384__PGL

H.G. Wells

Artist:
David Low, 1891 - 1963  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Pencil
Dimensions:
Sheet (estimate): 17.8 × 11.4cm (7 × 4 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1926 or before
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
4529(385) PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b07e423f-7523-4471-89cb-773d52b0c916
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_4529_385__PGL

H.G. Wells

Artist:
Claud Lovat Fraser, 1890 - 1921  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal and wash
Dimensions:
Sheet (estimate): 27 × 17.1cm (10 5/8 × 6 3/4")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1910s?
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
5071 PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm405a13a78-724b-462d-8aca-ea5e0ae64745
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5071_PGL

H.G. Wells

Artist:
Robert Stewart Sherriffs, 1906 - 1960  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Ink and pencil
Dimensions:
Estimate: 25.4 × 25.4cm (10 × 10")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1934
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pencil  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
5224(2) PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm485a6bd03-6975-4f95-8d01-c34e381bb647
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5224_2__PGL

H.G. Wells

Artist:
Robert Stewart Sherriffs, 1906 - 1960  Search this
Sitter:
Herbert George Wells, 21 Sep 1866 - 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Ink and pen
Dimensions:
estimate: 40 × 28.9cm (15 3/4 × 11 3/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1928-1936
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Clouds  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Equipment\Staff  Search this
Nature & Environment\Sun  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Male  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
Herbert George Wells: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
5224(3) PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44a061c4b-9b7f-4199-83dd-d1e8b1f552ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5224_3__PGL

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