Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Copies of lantern slides collected by Rollyn Osterweis Kirchbaum, at least two of which were made by the Beseler Lantern Slide Company. They include two portraits of Sitting Bull as well as views of canoe and basket making by Iroquois Indians in the Lower St. Lawrence River region. The photographs depicting Iroquois Indians were probably made by Alexander Henderson, circa 1865-1875. The British Columbia images were originally made by Alexander Henderson, and the Sitting Bull images were originally made by William Notman & Son.
Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) and William Notman (1826-1891) were Scottish photographers and colleagues in Montreal, Canada. Notman was mostly a portrait photographer in his studio, William Notman & Son. In the mid-1860s, Henderson also opened a studio in Montreal, but appears to have specialized in outdoor photography. In 1860, the two men made a photographic expedition to Niagara Falls and helped found the Art Association of Montreal.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R78-40
Copy prints made by Rollyn Osterweis Kirchbaum.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Notman Photographic Archives at McCord Museum and the Archives of Ontario hold original prints and negatives of Alexander Henderson William Notman & Son, including originals of images in this collection.
The National Anthropological Archives holds Sitting Bull's pictographic autobiography (NAA MS 1929).
Additional photographs of Sitting Bull can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4544, MS 4559, Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 87-2, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Also includes one photograph of Reverend Henderson.
Biographical / Historical:
History: 1887: Henderson Dictionary sent by Hernandez Fowler of Belize, to Cyrus Thomas of the Bureau of American Ethnology for eventual publication. 1900: Dictionary sent to Mr Andomaro Molina of Merida, Yucatan, for revision (along with portions of a transcript of the Motul). 1910: Molina died. 1912: State Department reported the six volume dictionary in the possession of Luis Molina (son of Andomaro). Molina at that time refused to return the Manuscript. 1930: Franz Blom attempted to locate the Manuscript without success. 1962: Victor E. Molina (grandson of Andomaro) contacted the Smithsonian for the purpose of selling the Henderson Dictionary. 1963: Dr Robert Laughlin attempted to convice Molina that the dictionary was originally the property of the Bureau of American Ethnology, again without success. 1964: The Henderson Manuscript was purchased by Dr Ignacio Bernal and placed in the library of the National Museum of Anthropology and History in Mexico City. 1972: A photographic copy of the entire six volume dictionary was made by Dr James Rauh and deposited in National Anthropological Archives.
Deals with the Island-Carib language (Arawakan family), of British Honduras. Volumes 1-2, pages 1-76: "A Karif Grammar;" volumes 2-8, pages 77-338: "A Dictionary of the Karif Language as spoken in the Bay of Honduras;" volume 8, pages 339-40: "A Preface to Karif Dictionary."