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Hanford

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
Interviewees in this series contributed in various roles to the refinement of plutonium 239 isotope at the Hanford Engineer Works in the state of Washington. In January of 1943, General Groves chose the site for construction of three full-scale plutonium piles for the mass production of plutonium 239--an isotope for the chain reaction in an atomic bomb--as well as water-treatment plants for cooling the reactors. The E.I. Du Pont de Nemours Company also built four remote-controlled "canyons" for the chemical separation of plutonium from uranium 238. Sessions were shot at the Columbia Cable Television studio and on-site at the Hanford Reservation.

Participants for Session One assisted in operations at the "B" site nuclear reactor as operators or support personnel. Lawrence Denton began work at the Hanford construction camp in September 1942 as a receiving and shipping clerk. Wilson A. Cease came to Hanford as a Du Pont employee in March 1944, and worked as a security patrolman in the area where uranium slugs were canned and sealed. Jess R. Brinkerhoff and Ralph K. Wahlen were both employed by the Remington Arms plant in Salt Lake City, Utah, and transferred to Hanford. Brinkerhoff arrived in November 1943, and worked in the fire department before becoming a power operator in a water treatment plant. Wahlen was employed in the fuel piece canning area. R.M. Buslach arrived in Hanford after the war and worked in plant maintenance for the General Electric Company.

Session Two participants worked for the Du Pont Company as chemical engineers at Hanford. Wakefield A. Wright and Vivian Russell Chapman were first transferred from Alabama Ordnance Works by Du Pont to the Manhattan Project facilities at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for training before arriving in Hanford in 1944. William P. McCue was employed at the Oklahoma Ordnance Works before training at the Argonne National Laboratory in Chicago, Illinois, and relocating to Hanford. The responsibilities of these three men at Hanford included training the crews and supervising the operators in the nuclear reactors and chemical separation plants.

Session Three brought together a group of Hanford administrators. Oswald H. Greager had been a chemist for Du Pont after receiving his Ph.D. in that field from the University of Michigan in 1929. He came to Hanford in October 1944, from the Separations Development Division at the Clinton Engineer Works in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Greager, on military duty at Hanford, served as Technical Officer and supervised the work of the contractor in the chemical separation area. Richard F. Foster joined the project in September 1943, on a contract with the Office of Scientific Research and Development at the University of Washington College of Fisheries. He studied the effects of radiation on the Columbia River and eventually became concerned with evaluating radiological doses received by people from all environs at Hanford. Leonard F. Perkins, Sr., came to Hanford in the spring of 1944 as an employee of the United States General Accounting Office to audit the contract of the Du Pont Company. In 1946, he transferred to the Atomic Energy Commission and returned to Hanford in 1951 to direct government-contracted construction there until 1973. During World War II Frederic W. Albaugh worked in the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago as a group leader in the plutonium chemistry section. He arrived in Hanford to head its plutonium chemistry section in 1947 and continued to work there in various administrative capacities until 1971. Colonel Franklin T. Matthias, who had worked under General Groves in construction contracting for the Pentagon, was largely responsible for the site selection of Hanford. Groves appointed Matthias in February of 1943 to be commanding officer of the Hanford facilities.

The discussions detailed the nature of the workload at Hanford, the living conditions, and the administration of the Project. The sessions were shot on three-quarter-inch U-matic tape and provided visual documentation of the "B" site nuclear reactor, tools used for the charge/discharge process, and period photographs of the interiors of the chemical separation "canyons."
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9531, Series 1
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e424

Hanford Engineer Works

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 7/8 in x 6 5/8 in; 12.3825 cm x 16.8275 cm
Object Name:
gelatin silver print
Associated place:
United States: Washington
Date made:
ca 1945
Subject:
World War II  Search this
Homefront, World War II  Search this
Nuclear weapons  Search this
ID Number:
2013.0327.0972
Accession number:
2013.0327
Catalog number:
2013.0327.0972
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-523e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1813989

Management of the Hanford Engineer Works in World War II : how the Corps, DuPont, and the Metallurgical Laboratory first tracked the original plutonium works / Harry Thayer

Title:
Hanford Engineer Works in World War II
Author:
Thayer, Harry  Search this
Subject:
Manhattan Project (U.S.) Management  Search this
Hanford Engineer Works Management  Search this
United States Office of Scientific Research and Development Metallurgical Laboratory Management  Search this
E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Management  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 224 p. : ill., map ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Plutonium--Metallurgy  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_506925

Working on the bomb : an oral history of WWII Hanford / written by S.L. Sanger ; editor, Craig Wollner

Author:
Sanger, S. L  Search this
Subject:
Manhattan Project (U.S.) History  Search this
Hanford Engineer Works History  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 264 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Atomic bomb--History  Search this
Call number:
QC773.A1 S22 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_492490

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