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Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. papers

Creator:
Biddle, Livingston, 1918-2002  Search this
Names:
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Fordham University  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Alexander, Jane  Search this
Asawa, Ruth  Search this
Biddle, Catharina Baart, 1912-2005  Search this
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
Davis, R. A.  Search this
Drexel, Katharine Mary, Saint, 1858-1955  Search this
Edwards, Bob, 1947-  Search this
Glenn, John, 1905-  Search this
Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990  Search this
Hanks, Nancy  Search this
Jessup, Peter, 1958-  Search this
Johnson, Lady Bird, 1912-  Search this
Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932-2009  Search this
King, Susan  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Maxwell, Barb  Search this
Mondale, Walter F., 1928-  Search this
O'Connor, Sandra Day, 1930-  Search this
Oliphant, Pat, 1935-  Search this
Pell, Claiborne, 1918-2009  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Rosenquist, James, 1933-  Search this
Rostropovich, Mstislav, 1927-2007  Search this
Schieffer, Bob  Search this
Scholder, Fritz, 1937-2005  Search this
Temple, Louann  Search this
Watson, Howard N.  Search this
Extent:
40.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Diaries
Interviews
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Date:
circa 1940-2002
Summary:
The papers of government arts administrator and novelist Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. (1918-2002) measure 40.2 linear feet and date from circa 1940 to 2002. The papers are comprised of biographical materials, correspondence, interviews, writings, numerous files reflecting his work to establish the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), political committee files, personal legal records, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographs. Throughout the collection are video and sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of government arts administrator and novelist Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. (1918-2002) measure 40.2 linear feet and date from circa 1940 to 2002. The papers are comprised of biographical materials, correspondence, interviews, writings, numerous files reflecting his work to establish the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), political committee files, personal legal records, printed materials, scrapbooks, and photographs. Throughout the collection are video and sound recordings.

Biographical materials consist of awards; diplomas; genealogy records; resumes; and files for Biddle's work at Fordham, his nomination for the National Medal of Arts award, and about his second wife Catharina Baart. Correspondence is with family, friends, and professional and political contacts such as Jane Alexander, President Jimmy Carter, Armand Hammer, Nancy Hanks, Edward Kennedy, Lady Bird Johnson, Sandra Day O'Connor, Claiborne Pell, Robert Rauschenberg, Slava Rostropovich, and others.

Interviews with Biddle include transcripts, four sound recordings, and two video recordings of Biddle with R.A. Davis, Bob Edwards, Peter Jessup, Susan King, Bob Schieffer, and Louann Temple.

Among the writings are journals, articles, poetry, speech notes, manuscript drafts of Our Government and the Arts: A Perspective from the Inside and Sam Bentley's Island, one video recording of "Art/Work/USA" by Barbara Rose, and one sound recording of a film introduction entitled "The Eagle".

Files concerning the establishment and early years of the National Endowment of the Arts consist of correspondence; congressional briefing books, committee files, and reports; financial material; drafts of the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act of 1965; one sound reel titled "Swearing-In of L.L. Biddle, Jr.," and three video recordings. Additional files concerning Biddle's work for congressional committees and political campaigns include correspondence, meeting agendas and notes, and printed material concerning multiple arts organizations and the political campaigns for Jimmy Carter, Walter Mondale, and Claiborne Pell. Family and real estate records, a partnership agreement, and will are in personal legal records.

Printed materials include booklets, clippings, event invitations and programs, flyers, magazines and journals, and posters autographed by Jacob Lawrence, Fritz Scholder, and John Glenn. Additionally, one commercial sound cassette recordings of National Public Radio's program Performance Today is also found. Two mixed-media scrapbooks contain memorabilia from Biddle's professional life and international travel.

Photographs are of family, travel, and friends and colleagues at various events. Six video recordings are home movies of Bryn Mawr and documentaries about St. Katherine Drexel. Artwork in the form of pencil and watercolor sketches is by Ruth Asawa Lanier, Barb Maxwell, Pat Oliphant, James Rosenquist, and Howard N. Watson.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1950-2002 (2.5 linear; Box 1-3, 41, OV 43)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1956-2001 (2 linear feet; Boxes 3-5)

Series 3: Interviews, 1978-2002 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 5-6)

Series 4: Writings, 1940-2002 (12 linear feet; Boxes 6-18)

Series 5: National Endowment for the Arts, 1964-2000 (10 linear feet; Boxes 18-27, 42)

Series 6: Committees and Political Campaigns, 1944-2001 (3.5 linear feet; Boxes 27-30)

Series 7: Personal Legal Records, 1952-1986 (1 linear foot; Boxes 30-31)

Series 8: Printed Materials, circa 1950-2000 (3.5 linear feet; Boxes 31-34, 41, OV 44)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1970-1998 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 34, 42)

Series 10: Photographs and Video Recordings, circa 1950-2002 (4.6 linear feet: Boxes 34-40, OV 44)

Series 11: Artwork, 1976-1989 (0.3 linear feet; Box 40, OV 44)
Biographical / Historical:
Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. (1918-2002) was a federal government arts administrator and novelist active in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Washington, D.C.

Livingston L. Biddle was born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania in 1918 to a distinguished and wealthy family. He graduated from Princeton University in 1940. During World War II, Biddle volunteered as an ambulance driver in Africa for the American Field Services.

While working as a special assistant to Rhode Island Democratic Senator Claiborne Pell in the 1960s, Biddle drafted the legislation for the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act of 1965, which led to the creation of the National Endowment of the Arts (NEA) one year later. Biddle served as deputy chairman of the NEA from 1966 to 1967, as congressional liaison director in 1975, and as chairman from 1977 to 1981. In 1976, he served as director of the Congressional Subcommittee on Education, Arts, and Humanities.

Also a writer, Biddle wrote four novels, all set in Philadelphia, including Sam Bentley's Island published in 1961. From 1968 to 1970, he was a professor and chairman of Fordham University's arts division. Biddle also published a non-fiction book about his experiences establishing and working for the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) titled Our Government and the Arts: A Perspective from the Inside in 1988.

Biddle married artist Catharina Baart in 1973 after his first wife, Cordelia Frances Fenton, died in 1972. Biddle died in Washington, D.C. in 2002.
Provenance:
The Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. papers were donated in 2013 by Thomas O'Callaghan, a close friend of Biddle's who inherited the papers.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Authors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Arts administrators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Political aspects  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Diaries
Interviews
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Citation:
Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. papers, circa 1940-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.biddlivi
See more items in:
Livingston L. Biddle, Jr. papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-biddlivi

Dinner and Reception for Armand Hammer Exhibition

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1970
March 19, 1970
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1610R1]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_372634

Dinner and Reception for Armand Hammer Exhibition

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1970
March 19, 1970
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1610R2]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_372635

Oral history interview with Armand Hammer, 1980 Aug. 26

Interviewee:
Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990  Search this
Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Bowman, Ruth, 1923-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13181
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211945
AAA_collcode_hammer80
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211945

Oral history interview with Armand Hammer

Interviewee:
Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Bowman, Ruth, 1923-  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette (Sound recording)
16 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1980 Aug. 26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Armand Hammer conducted 1980 Aug. 26, by Ruth Bowman, for the Archives of American Art.
Hammer speaks of his childhood, Russian ancestry, 1921 trip to Russia, and conversations with Lenin. He discusses his early business triumphs, the importing business, the origins of his fortune, the Hearst sale, and the beginnings of his art collection. Hammer comments on his interests and approaches in collecting art, philanthropic activities and some of his experiences in collecting.
Biographical / Historical:
Armand Hammer (1898-1990) was an art collector from Los Angeles, Calif.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.hammer80
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hammer80

Rosalynn Carter Visits National Museum of Natural History

Creator:
Hofmeister, Richard K  Search this
Subject:
Carter, Rosalynn  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Kier, Porter M  Search this
Perrot, Paul N  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Affairs  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 8 x 10;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1978
April 20, 1978
Topic:
Special events  Search this
First ladies  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000371 [78-5813-08]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_398013

The New-York Historical Society proudly presents : at Central Park West between 76th and 77th Streets, New York, N.Y., Decenber 17, 1957-February 2, 1958 [the] private collection of the Hammer Bros. [of] the works of C.M. Russell from the collection of Homer E. Britzman in Trail's End, Pasadena

Author:
New-York Historical Society  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Britzman, Homer E (Homer Elwood) 1901-1953  Search this
Subject:
Russell, Charles M (Charles Marion) 1864-1926  Search this
Physical description:
60 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1957
1957?]
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N6537.R96 A4 1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_802343

Selections from the Armand Hammer Daumier collection : collected by George Longstreet

Author:
Daumier, Honoré 1808-1879  Search this
Longstreet, George  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Daumier, Honoré 1808-1879  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
1 pamphlet [6] p. : ill ; 19 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1976
1976]
Call number:
NC1499.D3 A4 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_791716

Honoré Daumier y su siglo, 1808-1879 : colección Armand Hammer fundada por George Longstreet / Claustro de Sor Juana

Author:
Mongan, Elizabeth  Search this
Claustro de Sor Juana (Mexico City, Mexico)  Search this
Armand Hammer Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Daumier, Honoré 1808-1879  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
[272] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Place:
France
Date:
C1980
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Call number:
N6853.D3.A4.1980a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_635527

The Armand Hammer collection : four centuries of masterpieces

Author:
National Gallery of Scotland  Search this
Royal Scottish Academy  Search this
Armand Hammer Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
[205] p. : col. ill., ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1978
1978?]
Topic:
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5220.H22 A3
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_638554

The Armand Hammer Collection : four centuries of masterpieces : Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, April 21-May 29, 1978

Author:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Albright-Knox Art Gallery  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
ca. 200 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1978
Topic:
Art  Search this
Call number:
N5220.H26 A75 1978
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_640333

The Armand Hammer Collection : five centuries of masterpieces

Author:
Armand Hammer Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
272 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
Los Angeles
Date:
1981
C1981
Topic:
Painting--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N5220.H26 A75 1981
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_652118

Dossier : the secret history of Armand Hammer / Edward Jay Epstein

Author:
Epstein, Edward Jay 1935-  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 418 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Soviet Union
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Businesspeople  Search this
Capitalists and financiers  Search this
Statesmen  Search this
Relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H3535 E6 1996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_502998

Mistrovská díla pěti století : ze sbírky Armanda Hammera, Los Angeles : Praha, Šternberský palác, listopad 1983-leden 1984 / [katalog zpracovali Adelyn D. Breeshinová [i.e. Breeskinová] ... et al. ; z angličtiny přeložil Jiří Kotouč]

Author:
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme 1896-1986  Search this
Národní galerie v Praze  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
149 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Los Angeles
Date:
1983
Topic:
Painting--Private collections--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
N5220.H22 A73 1983
N5220.H22A73 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_436121

The Codex Hammer of Leonardo da Vinci / translated into English and annotated by Carlo Pedretti

Author:
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519  Search this
Pedretti, Carlo  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Subject:
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Manuscripts Facsimiles  Search this
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc Facsimiles  Search this
Physical description:
1 portfolio : ill., facsims. ; 49 cm
Type:
Early works to 1800
Place:
Moon
Date:
1987
C1987
Topic:
Manuscripts, Italian--Facsimiles  Search this
Water--Early works to 1800  Search this
Physical geography  Search this
Figure drawing  Search this
Call number:
ND623.L5 A4 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_481493

Hammer / Armand Hammer, with Neil Lyndon

Author:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Lyndon, Neil  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Physical description:
544 p. [16] leaves of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Soviet Union
Date:
1987
C1987
Topic:
Businessmen  Search this
Capitalists and financiers  Search this
Statesmen  Search this
Relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.H3535 A1
CT275.H3535A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_315909

Master drawings from the Armand Hammer collection / [edited by Jane Sweeney]

Author:
Sweeney, Jane  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
134 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1987
C1987
Topic:
Drawing, European  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Call number:
NC25.W3N35 1987X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_322638

Kollektsiia Armanda Khammera : pokaz v muzeiakh SSSR, mart - dekabrʹ 1986 g

Author:
Walker, John Dec. 24, 1906-  Search this
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Armand Hammer Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
51 p. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
Topic:
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N5220.H22 K8 1986
N5220.H22K8 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_348929

American paintings from the Armand Hammer Collection : an inaugural celebration

Author:
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990 Art collections Exhibitions  Search this
Armand Hammer Foundation  Search this
Physical description:
[42] p. : col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1985
[1985?]
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painting, American--Private collections  Search this
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
ND205 .A525 1985
ND205.A525 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_261647

The remarkable life of Dr. Armand Hammer / Bob Considine

Author:
Considine, Bob 1906-1975  Search this
Subject:
Hammer, Armand 1898-1990  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 287 p., [8] leaves of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
[1975]
Call number:
HC102.5.H35C65X 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_262394

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