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Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers

Creator:
Volk, Leonard Wells, 1828-1895  Search this
Volk, Douglas , 1856-1935  Search this
Names:
Chicago Academy of Design  Search this
Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France)  Search this
Sabatos Industries  Search this
Adler, Felix, 1851-1933  Search this
Albert, King of the Belgians, I, 1875-1934 -- Photographs  Search this
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908  Search this
Bridge, Marion Volk  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916 -- Photographs  Search this
Chubb, Percival, 1860-1960  Search this
Daingerfield, Elliott, 1859-1932  Search this
Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931 -- Photographs  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Lloyd George, David, 1863-1945  Search this
Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948 -- Photographs  Search this
Volk, Gerome  Search this
Volk, Marion Larrabee, 1859-1925  Search this
Volk, Wendell  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
von Rydingsvaard, Karl  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Paintings
Photographs
Sketches
Place:
Sculptors -- Maine
Date:
circa 1858-1965
2008
bulk 1870-1935
Summary:
The papers of painter and teacher Douglas Volk (1856-1935) and his father, sculptor Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895), measure 12.4 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1965, 2008, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1870-1935. Douglas Volk's papers document his life and career through biographical material, family and professional correspondence, writings and notes, diaries and journals, financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork and sketchbooks, and photographs of the artist, his family, friends, and artwork. The papers also provide documentation of the formation and operations of the Sabatos Handicraft Society established with Marion Volk from the Volk's summer home, Hewnoaks, in Center Lovell, Maine. Scattered documentation of the life and work of Leonard Wells Volk, is found in biographical material, land records, letters, memoirs, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and teacher Douglas Volk (1856-1935) and his father, sculptor Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895), measure 12.4 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1965, 2008, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1870-1935. Douglas Volk's papers document his life and career through biographical material, family and professional correspondence, writings and notes, diaries and journals, financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork and sketchbooks, and photographs of the artist, his family, friends, and artwork. The papers also provide documentation of the formation and operations of the Sabatos Handicraft Society established with Marion Volk from the Volk's summer home, Hewnoaks, in Center Lovell, Maine. Scattered documentation of the life and work of Leonard Wells Volk, is found in biographical material, land records, letters, memoirs, and photographs.

Douglas Volk's papers form the bulk of the collection and document all stages of his life from his first visits to Europe during his teenage years, until his death. Biographical material includes address books, biographical notes, genealogical records of Volk's family, and a warranty deed for land purchased by Marion Volk in Center Lovell, Maine, in 1904.

Family correspondence is primarily between Douglas and Marion throughout their courtship and marriage, but also includes letters from other family members including daughter Marion Volk Bridge and sons Wendell and Gerome Volk. General correspondence is with colleagues, art galleries, societies, institutions and museums, schools and colleges, government agencies, and others. Also found are letters from artists including George de Forest Brush, Elliott Daingerfield, Cass Gilbert, Philip Leslie Hale, Swedish woodcarver Karl von Rydingsvard, and J. Alden Weir; and friends Felix Adler and Percival Chubb.

Douglas Volk's writings and notes are on art, art instruction for children, and the significance and influence of his father's work, particularly Leonard Volk's Lincoln life mask, and include drafts of his monograph "Art Instruction in Public Schools."

Diaries and journals record details of Volk's early art education in Europe, including his friendships with Eugene Benson and George de Forest Brush and others, his time spent studying under Jean-Léon Gérôme at the École des Beaux Arts, his appointment by the National Art Committee to paint portraits of World War I era politicians and military figures, and his Lincoln portrait painted just prior to Volk's death.

Financial records document day-to-day routine expense, as well as sales of artwork and other art-related transactions.

Printed material and a scrapbook of clippings and letters include press coverage of Douglas Volk's career from the early 1900s to 1918. An additional scrapbook provides documentation of the Sabatos Handicraft Society, including a copy of one of only three known editions of the society's publication The Fire Fly. Artwork includes sketches, two small oil paintings, and fifteen sketchbooks of Douglas Volk.

Photographs include portraits taken at various stages of Volk's career, family photographs, photographs of the main house at Hewnoaks and additional buildings, photographs of several artists including William Merritt Chase and Karl von Rydinsgsvard, photographs of world leaders including David Lloyd George, King Albert of Belgium, and General John J. Pershing, and photographs of artwork.

The papers of Leonard Wells Volk include seven volumes of his hand-written memoirs which document his relationship with Stephen A. Douglas, his first meeting with Lincoln, and his involvement with the Chicago Academy of Design. Also found are three letters including one written to Douglas Volk in 1887, and a memorandum related to the value of Leonard Wells Volk's Lincoln and Douglas statues at the Illinois State House. Photographs include three of Leonard Wells Volk, photographs of other family members including his wife Emily, photos of houses and woodland scenes, and photos of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series.

Series 1: Douglas Volk Papers, circa 1870-1965, 2008 (11.85 linear feet; Boxes 1-12, 15-16, OVs 13-14)

Series 2: Leonard Wells Volk Papers, circa 1858-circa 1930 (0.45 linear feet; Boxes 11-12)
Biographical / Historical:
Chicago sculptor Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895) created one of only two life masks of Abraham Lincoln. His son, painter and teacher Douglas Volk (1856-1935), was known for his figure and portrait paintings. Douglas Volk and his wife Marion Larrabee Volk established the Sabatos Handicraft Society, producing homespun woolen rugs and textiles from their summer home in Center Lovell, Maine.

Leonard Wells Volk was raised in New York State and Massachusetts, before moving to St. Louis to learn modeling and drawing. Around 1852 he married Emily Clarissa King Barlow, a cousin of Senator Stephen A. Douglas. Douglas took an interest in Volk's career and helped finance his trip to Rome and Florence between 1855 and 1857, where Volk studied art. On returning from Europe Volk settled in Chicago, opening a studio there and establishing himself as a leader in art circles and a founder of the Chicago Academy of Design. He served as president of the Academy (later the School of the Art Institute of Chicago) for eight years. Volk recorded his first meeting with Lincoln during the 1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates, and the subsequent 1860 sittings with Lincoln for the life mask, hands, and bust, in his memoirs. The mask served as a model for many sculptors who made later portraits of Lincoln. Volk's other important works include the Rock Island County Soldier's Monument in Rochester, New York (1869), statues of Lincoln and Douglas for the Illinois Statehouse (1876), a bust of Douglas, and the Douglas Tomb monument (1881) in Chicago.

Douglas Volk was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts in 1856. His artistic education began in his teens when he traveled to Europe with his family. In the early 1870s he lived in Rome and Venice, spending time with his friends George de Forest Brush and J. Alden Weir. He moved to Paris in 1873 where he studied at the École des Beaux Arts with Jean-Léon Gérôme, and exhibited his first picture, In Brittany, at the 1875 Paris Salon.

In 1879 Volk returned to the United States and accepted a teaching position at Cooper Union. He was elected to the Society of American Artists in 1880 and married Marion Larrabee in 1881. In 1883 Volk became a founder of the Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts and was appointed the first president of the subsequent Minneapolis School of Fine Arts in 1886, a position he held until 1893. During his time in Minneapolis, Volk purchased a summer studio and retreat in Osceola, Wisconsin, and he and Marion had four children: Leonard (1882-1891), Wendell (1884-1953), Marion (1888-1973) and Gerome (1890-1959). In 1893 Volk returned to New York and accepted a position at the Art Students League, where he taught from 1893-1898, and also resumed his post at Cooper Union. He became interested in innovative ways to teach art and art history to children, and in 1895 the National Academy of Design printed his essay "A Plea for Art in the Public Schools," in its annual exhibition catalog. He was elected an associate of the Academy in 1898, becoming a full academician in 1899.

In 1898, looking to provide the family with a summer retreat, Marion Volk purchased property with a friend in Center Lovell, Maine, an area already enjoyed by the couple's friends, George de Forest Brush and Percival Chubb. The property was divided in 1901 and Marion added to her half creating a lot of approximately twenty-five acres. The Volks renovated the house, which they named Hewnoaks, and eventually built four more cottages and a studio for Douglas Volk on the property. During this period Marion Volk was working with handwoven wool on traditional area looms using fruit and vegetable hand-dyes and designs based on motifs from Native American art. In 1902 the Volks held the founding meeting of the Sabatos Handicraft Society at Hewnoaks, and the property became the hub of a Center Lovell community effort to produce rugs, textiles, and other handicrafts using traditional methods. Daughter Marion worked with her mother, and son Wendell, a printmaker and woodcaver, operated the Hewn Beam Press, printing pamphlets and a newsletter entitled the Fire Fly: A Periodical of Fearless Endeavour. Swedish-born wood carver Karl von Rydingsvard offered classes on wood carving at Hewnoaks, assisted by Wendell Volk.

Douglas Volk worked to make the Hewnoaks handicraft movement a success, but focused primarily on his own painting. The Maine woods provided endless inspiration and the setting for many of his paintings and murals, which primarily depicted romanticized historical subjects in Colonial America and reflected his traditional academic training. One of his best known works, The Boy with the Arrow (1903), a portrait of his son Leonard "Leo" Volk who died at the age of eight, is now in the collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Volk taught at the National Academy of Design from 1910-1917. He served as recording secretary and then on the council for the organization from 1910-1919. His acclaimed intimate portraits of friends and acquaintances, including Felix Adler (1914) and William Macbeth (1917), were painted during this period. In 1919 Volk was one of a group of artists commissioned by the National Art Committee to paint major figures from World War I. He subsequently painted portraits of King Albert of Belgium, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, and General John J. Pershing, and recorded his meetings and sittings with the three men in his journals.

For the last fifteen years of his life Volk, using his father's life mask, painted a series of portraits of Abraham Lincoln, one of which hangs in the Lincoln Bedroom at The White House.

At least fifteen years prior to her death in 1925, Marion Volk's involvement in handicrafts at Hewnoaks declined, while Douglas Volk continued to focus on his own work. Wendell Volk's career in civil engineering took precedence over his interest in weaving and woodcarving and both he and his brother Gerome moved West in 1909. Following Douglas Volk's death in Fryeburg, Maine in 1935, Wendell Volk and his wife Jessie, also an artist, ultimately took possession of Hewnoaks. Wendell died in 1953, but the property was eventually bequeathed by Jessie Volk to the University of Maine and now operates as an artist colony.
Separated Materials:
Volumes 1, 3, 6-7, 9, and 10 of Leonard Volk's memoirs form part of the Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana in the Library of Congress.

The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel 4280) including correspondence of Leonard Volk and photographs of his artwork. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York first lent material for microfilming in 1989. Most of the material was then donated in 2004–2005 by Jessie J. Volk, the daughter-in-law of Douglas Volk, who also bequeathed the Volk estate including additional Volk papers to the University of Maine. In 2006, University officials arranged for an auction of much of the property of the estate including the remaining family papers. The Volk Family estate auction was conducted by Cyr Auction Co., in Gray, Maine, on July 19, 2006. Several individuals purchased parts of the papers at that auction and subsequently donated them to the Archives. Those donors are: David Wright, who acquired the 1875 journal and Brush letters and donated them to the Archives in 2006; Dr. Christine Isabelle Oaklander, who purchased the account book, 1873–1875, and donated it to the Archives in honor of Judith Ellen Throm in 2007, and also donated additional letters and a photograph in 2008; and Mary K. and John F. McGuigan Jr., who purchased correspondence (1120 letters), speeches, lectures, articles, checks, check stubs and miscellaneous items and donated them to the Archives in 2015. In 2007, the University of Maine Foundation via Amos Orcutt donated the 1934 journal and 60 photographs.

John F. McGuigan Jr. and Mary K. McGuigan have purchased and donated additional archival materials to the Archives, including the Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. artists' letters collection, and 69 letters now among the Sylvester Rosa Koehler papers.

In 2007, the University of Maine Foundation via Amos Orcutt donated the 1934 journal and 60 photographs that were part of the Volk Family estate, but not included in the June 19, 2006 auction.

In 2019 Dr. Christine Isabelle Oaklander donated additional material purchased at auction, primarily photographs and some printed material.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Maine  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Paintings
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers, circa 1858-1965, 2008, bulk circa 1870-1935. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.volkleon
See more items in:
Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-volkleon
Online Media:

Lucy Hayward Barker papers

Creator:
Barker, Lucy Hayward, 1872-1948  Search this
Names:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
McCargar, Eleanor Barker  Search this
Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Date:
1898-1992
Scope and Contents:
A chronology and biography prepared by Barker's daughter, Eleanor Barker McCargar, entitled "Biographical Sketch of My Mother"; correspondence, 1890-ca. 1985, including letters from Lucy to her family, some written during her travels abroad, and other family correspondence, letters to Lucy from friends and teachers, among them Philip Hale and Edmund Tarbell; letters to Eleanor regarding her mother; and other miscellaneous correspondence; sketchbooks; color photographs of Barker's paintings; biographical materials; clippings; a photocopy of a catalog for the Portland Society of Art's 1936 annual exhibition,1936; and a video, Lucy Hayward Barker, 1892-1948 : American Impressionist Portrait Painter, by appraiser James B. Byrnes.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Maine. An American Impressionist portrait painter, Barker studied with Edmund Tarbell, Philip Hale and Frank Benson at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston School. From 1898 to until her marriage to Roy Barker in 1906 she had a studio in Boston. After marriage and motherhood, she resumed her career in 1929 in Presque Isle, Maine.
Provenance:
Donated by Eleanor Barker McCargar, Barker's daughter, 1993-1994. Additions are expected.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce must be obtained from Lucy H. McCargar-White or Thalia Pearce.
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.barklucy
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-barklucy

Isabella Stewart Gardner papers

Creator:
Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924  Search this
Names:
Duveen Brothers  Search this
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Wildenstein Galleries  Search this
Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922  Search this
Adams, Brooks  Search this
Agassiz, Alexander, 1835-1910  Search this
Agassiz, Elizabeth Cabot Cary, 1822-1907  Search this
Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873  Search this
Agostini, Luigi  Search this
Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836-1907  Search this
Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt), 1873-1936  Search this
Anisfeld, Boris Israelevich, 1879-1973  Search this
Arliss, George, 1868-1946  Search this
Aïdé, Hamilton, 1826-1906  Search this
Balch, Anne L.  Search this
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
Barnes, Grace Edith  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Berenson, Mary, 1864-  Search this
Bigelow, William Sturgis, 1850-1926  Search this
Blake, William P. (William Phipps), 1826-1910  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Bode, Wilhelm von, 1845-1929  Search this
Brimmer, Martin, 1829-1896  Search this
Brown, J. Appleton, 1844-  Search this
Bunker, Dennis Miller, 1861-1890  Search this
Burroughs, Bryson, 1869-1934  Search this
Byard, Theodore  Search this
Carter, Morris, 1877-  Search this
Chalfin, Paul, 1874-  Search this
Chapman, Conrad Wise, 1842-1910  Search this
Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933  Search this
Collins, Alfred Quinton, d. 1903  Search this
Cook, Walter W. S. (Walter William Spencer), 1888-1962  Search this
Coolidge, Archibald Cary, 1866-1928  Search this
Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson, 1831-1920  Search this
Copeland, Charles Townsend, 1860-1952  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Cram, Ralph Adams, 1863-1942  Search this
Crawford, F. Marion (Francis Marion), 1854-1909  Search this
Crosby, Raymond Moreau, 1876-1945  Search this
Cross, Sally  Search this
Curtis, Ralph W. (Ralph Wormeley), 1854-1922  Search this
Cushing, Howard Gardiner, 1869-1916  Search this
Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876  Search this
Damrosch, Walter, 1862-1950  Search this
Davis, Richard Harding, 1864-1916  Search this
De Wolfe, Elsie, 1865-1950  Search this
Dexter, Mary  Search this
Dole, Nathan Haskell, 1852-1935  Search this
Donoghue, John, 1853-1903  Search this
Draper, Ruth, 1884-1956  Search this
Dwight, J. S.  Search this
Dwight, Theodore F.  Search this
Dyer, Louis, 1851-1908  Search this
Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926  Search this
Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966  Search this
Faure, Gabriel, b. 1877  Search this
Fiske, Minnie Maddern, 1865-1932  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Frick, Helen Clay, 1888-1984  Search this
Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934  Search this
Gabrilowitsch, Ossip, 1878-1936  Search this
Gardner, John Lowell  Search this
Gardner, William Amory  Search this
Gaugengigl, I. M. (Ignaz Marcel), 1855-1932  Search this
Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909  Search this
Gimpel, René  Search this
Godkin, Edwin Lawrence, 1831-1902  Search this
Gordon, Leon, 1884-1960  Search this
Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932  Search this
Guiney, Louise Imogen, 1861-1920  Search this
Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909  Search this
Hale, Mary  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, Mrs  Search this
Hammond, Richard P., 1896-  Search this
Hampden, Walter, 1879-1955  Search this
Hazelton, George C.  Search this
Helleu, Paul, 1859-1927  Search this
Higginson, Henry Lee, 1834-1919  Search this
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911  Search this
Hinckley, Robert C., 1853-1941  Search this
Hoffman, Malvina, 1887-1966  Search this
Hooper, Edward W.  Search this
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908  Search this
Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910  Search this
Huntington, Archer M., 1870-1955  Search this
Indy, Vincent d', 1851-1931  Search this
Irving, Henry, Sir, 1838-1905  Search this
Jaccaci, Augusto Floriano, 1857-1930  Search this
James McNeill Whistler, 1834-1903  Search this
Kittredge, William  Search this
Kronberg, Louis, 1872-1965  Search this
Kropotkin, Petr Alekseevich, kni︠a︡zʹ, 1842-1921  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Ladd, Anna Coleman, 1878-1939  Search this
Lamb, Charles R. (Charles Rollinson), 1860-1942  Search this
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895  Search this
Loring, Charles Greely, 1828-1902  Search this
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891  Search this
MacKnight, Dodge, 1860-1950  Search this
Macomber, Mary L. (Mary Lizzie), 1861-1916  Search this
Mansfield, Richard, 1857-1907  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Mather, Frank Jewett, 1868-1953  Search this
McComas, Francis John, 1874-1938  Search this
Melba, Nellie, Dame, 1861-1931  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Mitchell, S. Weir (Silas Weir), 1829-1914  Search this
Modjeska, Helena, 1840-1909  Search this
Monteux, Pierre, 1875-1964  Search this
Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916  Search this
Murray, Gilbert  Search this
Norton, Andrews, 1786-1853  Search this
Norton, Lily  Search this
Norton, Richard  Search this
O'Connell, William, 1859-1944  Search this
Okakura, Kakuzō, 1862-1913  Search this
Okakura, Kakuzō, 1862-1913  Search this
Oliver, Jean Nutting, d. 1946  Search this
Partridge, William Ordway, 1861-1930  Search this
Pater, Walter, 1839-1894  Search this
Pavlova, Anna, 1881-1931  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Pennington, Harper, 1854 or 5-1920  Search this
Perry, Lilla Cabot  Search this
Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles), 1846-1919  Search this
Pitman, Sophia L., 1855-1943  Search this
Prichard, Matthew Stewart  Search this
Quinn, John, 1870-1924  Search this
Reid, Robert, 1862-1929  Search this
Rives, Amélie, 1863-1945  Search this
Roberts, Elizabeth Wentworth, 1871-1927  Search this
Rodin, Auguste, 1840-1917  Search this
Ross, Denman Waldo, 1853-1935  Search this
Rothenstein, Will  Search this
Russell, Lillian, 1861-1922  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Sargent, Charles Sprague, 1841-1927  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Sears, Sarah C., 1858-1935  Search this
Slade, C. Arnold (Caleb Arnold), 1882-1961  Search this
Slade, Irene  Search this
Sleeper, Henry Davis, 1878-1934  Search this
Smith, Francis Hopkinson, 1838-1915  Search this
Smith, George Warren  Search this
Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950  Search this
Spaulding, Albert C. (Albert Clanton), 1914-1990  Search this
St. Denis, Ruth, 1880-1968  Search this
Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957  Search this
Stillman, William James, 1828-1901  Search this
Story, Julian, 1857-1919  Search this
Story, Waldo, 1855-1915  Search this
Swift, Henry & Mary Coffin  Search this
Symonds, John Addington, 1840-1893  Search this
Terry, Ellen, Dame, 1847-1928  Search this
Thaxter, Celia, 1835-1894  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921  Search this
Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923  Search this
Tiffany, Mary A. (Mary Adeline)  Search this
Van Rensselaer, Schuyler, Mrs., 1851-1934  Search this
Wadsworth, Adelaide E., 1844-1928  Search this
Walker, Francis Amasa, 1840-1897  Search this
Ward, Humphry, Mrs., 1851-1920  Search this
Warren, Fiske, Mrs  Search this
Wheelwright, Edmund March, 1854-1912  Search this
White, Margaret  Search this
Whitman, Sarah  Search this
Wister, Owen, 1860-1938  Search this
Woodbury, Charles H. (Charles Herbert), 1864-1940  Search this
Zogbaum, Rufus Fairchild, 1849-1925  Search this
Zorn, Anders, 1860-1920  Search this
Zorn, Anders, Mrs  Search this
Extent:
40 microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1760-1956
Scope and Contents:
Letters, business records, diary, and photographs.
REEL 380-413: Primarily correspondence, mostly Gardner's own, but including family correspondence and Gardner Museum correspondence. Also included are misc. items and printed material. Correspondents include: Edwin Austin Abbey, Lyman Abbott, Brooks Adams, Alexander Agassiz, Elizabeth C. Agassiz, Louis Agassiz, Luigi Agostini, Hamilton Aide, Thomas B. Aldrich, Abram P. Andrew, Boris Anisfeld, George Arliss, Anne L. Balch, George G. Barnard, Grace Edith Barnes, Cecilia Beaux, Martin Birnbaum, William Sturgis Bigelow, William Phipps Blake, Edwin Howland Blashfield, Wilhelm von Bode, Martin Brimmer, J. Appleton Brown, Dennis Miller Bunker, Bryson Burroughs, Theodore Byard, Morris Carter, Paul Chalfin, Conrad Chapman, John Jay Chapman, Alfred Q. Collins,
Frederick Shepard Converse, Walter William Spencer Cook, Archibald Cary Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, Charles Townsend Copeland, Kenyon Cox, Ralph Adams Cram, Francis Marion Crawford, Raymond Crosby, Sally Cross, Ralph W. Curtis, Howard G. Cushing, Charlotte Cushman, Walter Damrosch, Richard Harding Davis, Elsie De Wolfe, Mary Dexter, Nathan H. Dole, John Donoghue, Ruth Draper, Duveen Brothers, J. S. Dwight, Theodore F. Dwight, Louis Dyer, Charles W. Eliot, Barry Faulkner, Gabriel Faure, Minnie Maddern Fiske, Daniel Chester French, Helen C. Frick, Roger E. Fry, Ossip Gabrilowitsch, John Lowell Gardner, William Amory Gardner, I. M. Gaugengigl, Richard Watson Gilder, Rene Gimpel, Edwin L. Godkin, Leon Gordon, Lady Augusta Gregory, Louise I. Guiney, Edward E. Hale,
Mary (Mrs. Richard Walden) Hale, Philip Leslie Hale, Mrs. Philip Hale, Richard Hammond, Walter Hampden, George C. Hazelton, Paul Helleu, Henry Lee Higginson, Thomas W. Higginson, Robert Hinckley, Malvina Hoffman, Edward W. Hooper, Harriet Hosmer, Julia W. Howe, Archer M. Huntington, Vincent d'Indy, Henry Irving, August F. Jaccaci, Clarence King, William Kittredge, Louis Kronberg, Petr A. Kropotkin, Anna C. Ladd, John La Farge, Charles Rollinson Lamb, Charles Lanman, Charles G. Loring, James R. Lowell, Dodge Macknight, Mary L. Macomber, Richard Mansfield, Paul Manship, Frank J. Mather, Francis John McComas, Nellie Melba, Francis Davis Millet, S. Weir Mitchell, Helena Modjeska, Pierre Monteux, John S. Mosby, Gilbert Murray,
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Andrews Norton, Lily Norton, Richard Norton, William O'Connell, Kazuzo Okakura, Jean N. Oliver, William O. Partridge, Walter Pater, Anna Pavlova, Waldo Peirce, Joseph Pennell, Harper Pennington, Lilla Cabot Perry, Edward C. Pickering, Sophia L. Pitman, Matthew Stewart Prichard, John Quinn, Robert Reid, Amelie Rives, Elizabeth W. Roberts, Auguste Rodin, Denman Ross, Will Rothenstein, Lillian Russell, Paul J. Sachs, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Ruth St. Denis, Franklin B. Sanborn, Charles Sprague Sargent, John Singer Sargent, J.M. Sears, C. Arnold Slade, Irene Slade, Henry Davis Sleeper, F. Hopkinson Smith, George Warren Smith, Joseph L. Smith, Albert Spaulding, Maurice Sterne, William James Stillman, Julian Story, Thomas W. Story, Henry Swift,
John Addington Symonds, Ellen Terry, Celia Thaxter, Abbott H. Thayer, William R. Thayer, Mary A. Tiffany, Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer, Adelaide E. Wadsworth, Francis Amasa Walker, Mrs. Humphry Ward, Mrs. Fiske Warren, Edmund March Wheelwright, James McNeill Whistler, Margaret White, Sara de Prix Wyman Whitman, Wildenstein Galleries, Owen Wister, Charles H. Woodbury, Rufus F. Zogbaum, Anders Zorn, Mrs. Anders Zorn, and others.
REELS 631-632: Personal papers of Gardner and some records of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum including dealers' files containing invoices, notes, cancelled checks, and letters; a record book, "Prices Paid for Paintings," 1917; a record book, "Prices Paid for Works of Art"; 118 installation photographs of the museum as arranged by Gardner, 1924; a diary kept in Egypt, 1874, with sketches; a diary kept in Shanghai and India, 1883-1884; "Directions for my funeral," 1912; and "Suggestions for Running a Museum," 1913.
REELS 696-698: Letters from Bernard Berenson to Gardner, 1887-1924. Letters contain references to literary topics, Berenson's impressions of Europe, various paintings and artists, advice to Gardner on the purchase of paintings and information on their sale.
REEL 846: Checklist of Gardner's letters to Bernard and Mary Berenson, 1894-1924; typescripts of personal and official correspondence (originals found on AAA microfilm reels 696-698), 1887-1924.
Biographical / Historical:
Art patron, collector, and museum founder; Boston, Mass. Immediately after graduation from Harvard, Bernard Berenson was hired by Gardner to travel throughout Italy collecting Italian Renaissance art for her recreated Venetian palazzo in Boston. She established her palazzo as a museum of fine European art with stipulations that after her death none of the exhibited works was to be moved or rearranged, but left as she had designed during her lifetime.
Provenance:
Microfilm lent by Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum for duplicating, 1972-1975.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art patrons -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Art, Renaissance -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Art, Italian -- Italy -- Venice  Search this
Painting, Renaissance  Search this
Sculpture, Renaissance  Search this
Function:
Art museums -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Identifier:
AAA.gardisab
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gardisab

William McGregor Paxton papers

Creator:
Paxton, William McGregor, 1869-1941  Search this
Names:
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Burdick, Horace Robbins, 1844-1942  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Dewing, M. O. (Maria Oakey), 1855-1927  Search this
Eakins, Susan Macdowell  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Paxton, Elizabeth Okie  Search this
Wales, George Canning, 1868-1940  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 4 reels))
1.4 Linear feet (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Date:
1886-1971
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; sketchbooks, 1 scrapbook; photographs; drawings; glass negatives; and printing plates.
REEL 640: Sketchbooks, 7 v., 1886, 1888-1920, 1896 & undated, France, Boston, and elsewhere. Most of the sketches are in pencil. [Previously filmed on reel 593.]
REEL 862: Scrapbook, 1 v., 1893-1953, including: clippings,announcements and reviews of Paxton's exhibitions covering most of his career and several years after his death, reproductions of his work, and letters and telegrams with galleries and others. Also included is a letter from Robert Hale Ives Gammell to Elizabeth Paxton, 1953.
REELS 3714-3715: Correspondence of William McGregor Paxton and of his wife, Elizabeth, including letters from Philip Leslie Hale, Kenyon Cox, Maria Oakey Dewing, Edwin Blashfield, Horace Burdick, Susan Eakins, George Wales, from sitters thanking Paxton for their portraits, and from others. Elizabeth Paxton correspondence relates to her own paintings and exhibitions, donations, and sales of her husband's paintings after his death; poems, 2 notebooks and other writings; card files listing portrait information; clippings; exhibition catalogs and announcements; and lists of paintings.
UNMICROFILMED: Undated drawings and a sketchbook; 9 etchings by Paxton, ca. 1918-1938?; photographs, undated and 1896-1941, of works of art, Paxton, and of miscellaneous subjects; and glass negatives, half-tone printing plates, copper and zinc printing plates.
ADDITION: Biographical documentation; family genealogy; sketchbooks, some containing loose sketches done at a later date [most previously filmed on reel 640 as a loan]; photographs of Paxton and his work; reproductions of work by him and of art used as reference by Paxton; clippings; and posthumous exhibition material. ca. 1870s-1979. Also, Elizabeth Okie Paxton (ca. 1878-ca. 1968): biographical information; correspondence; exhibition and sales records; illustrations of her studio/residence, Boston; printed material; photographs of her, her family, and her work; and correspondence regarding William Paxton exhibitions. ca. 1880s-ca. 1968.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, teacher; Boston, Massachusetts. Paxton was born in Baltimore in 1869. He was raised outside of Boston, Mass., trained in Paris and Boston, and taught at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. He was an active participant in several artists' organizations in Boston, Provincetown, and New York City. Elizabeth Okie Paxton was born in Providence, R.I. to Howard Okie, a Baltimore physician who had been brought to Providence by a wealthy patron, Thomas Ives, an uncle of Robert Hales Ives Gammell, painter, writer, and friend of the Paxtons. She met Paxton while studying with with him. After marriage they resided Newton Centre, Mass. Following Paxton's death, she lived in a studio/residence in the Fenway Studios, Boston.
Provenance:
Papers on reels 3714-3715 were donated by Robert Douglas Hunter, executor of Elizabeth Oakie Paxton's estate. He also lent for microfilming the sketchbooks on reel 640 and the scrapbook on reel 862 in l973 & 1974, respectively. The scrapbook was subsequently donated by Hunter in 1997, and the sketchbooks were subsequently donated in 1998 by his wife, Elizabeth Ives Hunter along with additional papers of Paxton and those of Elizabeth Okie Paxton. Additions are expected.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.paxtwill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-paxtwill

A canoe at water's edge

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
1875
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11585
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11585
Online Media:

Philip Hale's adversaria

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1875-1879
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11586
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11586

Landscape sketches

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
between 1865 and 1931
Topic:
Landscapes  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11603
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11603
Online Media:

Charles Roswell Bacon letter to Philip Leslie Hale

Creator:
Bacon, Charles R. (Charles Roswell), 1868-1913  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Subject:
Bacon, Charles R. (Charles Roswell)  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1898?
Topic:
Illustrated letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15679
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15679
Online Media:

Frank P. Leslie letter to Philip Leslie Hale

Creator:
Leslie, Frank P., 1875 or 1876-  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
191-?
Topic:
Artists' models  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15860
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15860
Online Media:

Philip Hale's sketchbook

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Type:
Artworks
Date:
ca. 1877
Topic:
Sketching  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7949
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7949

Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Subject:
Butler, Theodore Earl  Search this
Hale, Nancy  Search this
Cox, Kenyon  Search this
Hart, William H.  Search this
Tarbell, Edmund Charles  Search this
Kennedy, Albert J. (Albert Joseph)  Search this
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915: San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Topic:
Art -- History  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art teachers -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Authors -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Artists' studios -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7634
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209797
AAA_collcode_halephil
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209797
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Willard Cummings

Interviewee:
Cummings, Willard Warren, 1915-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Extent:
82 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1973 March 20
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Willard Cummings conducted 1973 March 20, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art. Cummings speaks of his family and its interests in art and theater; moving to Boston and his early education there; studying with Anna Ladd and at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts; his two years in Paris; going to Skowhegan during the Depression; the Art Students League and the Grand Central School; his interests in portrait painting and sculpture; his Yale art school experience; some early portrait subjects; exhibitions of his work; commercial art jobs he was involved in; his New York studio and friends in the mid-1930s; collecting American primitives; his U.S. Army service; the start of the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in 1946; the organization of the school; his own painting technique and some portrait subjects. He recalls Philip Hale, Waldo Peirce and Edith Halpert.
Biographical / Historical:
Willard Cummings (1915-1975) was a painter from New York, New York and Maine.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 19 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- Maine -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.cummin73
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cummin73

Philip Leslie Hale papers

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Names:
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915: San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Butler, Theodore Earl, 1861-1936  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Hale, Nancy, 1908-  Search this
Hart, William H., b. 1863  Search this
Kennedy, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1879-1968  Search this
Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938  Search this
Extent:
7.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Date:
1818-1962
bulk 1877-1939
Summary:
The papers of Boston painter, teacher, critic, and writer Philip Leslie Hale measure 7.4 linear feet and date from 1818 to 1962, with the bulk of the material dating from 1877 to 1939. Biographical information; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues, including many artists; sketches and 9 sketchbooks; writings; printed material; and photographs document the artist's career and personal life. The collection also includes research materials and catalogs compiled by Albert J. Kennedy for a never-published Philip Leslie Hale memorial volume.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Boston painter, teacher, critic, and writer Philip Leslie Hale measure 7.4 linear feet and date from 1818 to 1962, with the bulk of the material dating from 1877 to 1939. Biographical information; correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues, including many artists; sketches and 9 sketchbooks; writings; printed material; and photographs document the artist's career and personal life. The collection also includes research materials and catalogs compiled by Albert J. Kennedy for a never-published Philip Leslie Hale memorial volume.

Biographical materials include financial and legal records; personal documents, such as educational records and biographical notes; printed material; and notes concerning art classes and teaching. Also included are scattered letters, invitations, schoolwork, and notebooks from his youth. Ten notebooks contain sketches, along with some class notes and essays.

Family, general, and business correspondence document the personal and professional life of Philip Leslie Hale and, to a lesser extent, several of his relatives. Family correspondence includes Hale's exchanges with various relatives, and some of their correspondence with others. General correspondence with friends, colleagues, and other artists is both personal and professional in nature. Correspondents include Theodore Butler, Kenyon Cox, Nancy Hale, William H. Hart, and Edmund C. Tarbell. Business correspondence concerns many aspects of Hale's career. Correspondents include students, arts institutions, models, and publishers.

Writings by Philip L. Hale consist of lectures on anatomy, art history, and various art topics; miscellaneous articles; notes on artists, esthetics and philosophy either for classroom use or his writings; character sketches, a play, poems, and political writings.

Artwork consists of 9 sketchbooks and loose sketches in pencil and ink of heads, figures, anatomical studies, landscapes, and miscellaneous subjects. A much smaller number of pastels, prints, and oil sketches are included. This series also includes a few items by other artists.

Research files and catalogs, compiled from 1932 to 1939 by Hale's friend Albert J. Kennedy for a never-published memorial volume, include extensive correspondence and notes of interviews with friends, relatives, colleagues, former students, and models recording their reminiscences of Hale. Kennedy collected exhibition catalogs and a variety of other printed material, along with biographical and genealogical information, and photographs of Hale's work. Many of his research notes consist of handwritten transcriptions of published articles by and about Hale.

Printed material about Philip L. Hale includes articles, reviews, and miscellaneous newspaper clippings mentioning him or containing reproductions of his work. Printed items by Hale consist of art reviews, miscellaneous articles on art topics, copies of his columns that appeared in Arcadia: A Journal Devoted to Music, Art and Literature, and the text of a speech.

The majority of photographs record works of art, mainly by Philip L. Hale, and also by Lilian Westcott Hale, Robert Payne, and Edmund C. Tarbell. Personal photographs include images of Hale, his relatives, and friends. There are also several group portraits of the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exhibition Jury, a group portrait with students, views of Hale at work in his studio and in the classroom, pictures of a summer house, and landscapes.
Arrangement note:
The collecion is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1875-1939 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1818-1944 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1910-1930 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 4: Artwork, circa 1870-1930 (0.4 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 5: Memorial Book, circa 1862-1962 (2.8 linear feet; Boxes 4-8, OV 9)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1883-1951 (8 folders; Box 7)

Series 7: Photographic Material, 1868-1931 (12 folders; Box 7)
Biographical/Historical note:
Philip Leslie Hale (1865-1931) was the son of prominent Unitarian minister and well-known author, Edward Everett Hale. Members of this distinguished old Boston family included such ancestors as Revolutionary War hero Nathan Hale, influential preacher Lyman Beecher, educator Catherine Beecher, and Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. From a young age Philip's talent and interest in drawing was encouraged by his parents, especially his mother. An older artist sister, Ellen Day Hale (1855-1940) and an aunt, Susan Hale (1834-1910), a trained painter, provided Philip with his first art lessons.

Family tradition and expectations decreed that after completing studies at the Boston Latin School and Roxbury Latin School, Hale would attend Harvard. After passing Harvard's entrance examination, as required by his father, Philip was free to pursue art. He enrolled in the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in the fall of 1883, where he was an early pupil of Edmund C. Tarbell. The following year he continued his studies in New York at the Art Students League under J. Alden Weir and Kenyon Cox.

In early 1887, Hale went to Paris, adopted a bohemian lifestyle, and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian. He became friends with fellow students Theodore Butler and William Howard ("Peggy") Hart. In the summer of 1888, the three made their first trip to Giverny, where they were among the first Americans to experiment with Impressionism. They met other American artists, including Theodore Robinson, John Leslie Breck, and Theodore Wendel, who also had been drawn to Giverny by the presence of Claude Monet. Hale returned to Boston in the summer of 1890, but was soon drawn back to Paris to be with his sweetheart Katharine Kinsella. He spent the summers of 1891-1893 continuing his experiment with Impressionism in Giverny, and during that period traveled to London, Paris, and Spain, periodically returning home and to the family's Rhode Island summer place.

In 1893 Hale began teaching cast drawing at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, where he remained on the faculty until his death in 1931. Eventually he became the chief instructor of drawing, and also offered courses in life drawing, artistic anatomy, and art history. Hale also taught at the Worcester Art Museum (1898-1910), the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1913-1928), and Boston University (1926-1928).

Hale's first solo exhibition, held in 1899 at Durand-Ruel Galleries in New York City, consisted of Impressionist paintings and pastels that received mixed reviews. In subsequent years his work became increasingly academic and focused on figure paintings and portraits. He exhibited frequently in national and international shows, won numerous medals and prizes, and was elected an Associate National Academician of the National Academy of Design in 1917.

In 1902, Hale married former student, Lilian Westcott, a painter and portraitist whose success during some periods eclipsed that of her husband.

Philip Leslie Hale, like many of his relatives, was a noted writer and speaker. His column "Art in Paris" appeared regularly in the Canadian-based periodical Arcadia: A Journal Devoted to Music, Art and Literature between 1892 and 1893 and discussed Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Symbolism. Hale regularly contributed art columns, reviews, and miscellaneous articles to the Boston Daily Advertiser, Boston Commonwealth, Boston Herald, and Boston Evening Transcript during the first decade of the twentieth century.

Hale's teaching stressed the importance of learning Old Master's techniques. He had a life-long interest in Vermeer, and as a writer and critic he generated quite a bit of enthusiasm for that artist among the figurative painters of the Boston School, his own students, and others. Jan Vermeer of Delft, a highly regarded monograph by Philip Leslie Hale - the first on the subject published in the United States - appeared in 1913. He wrote several other books on art subjects, and his services as a lecturer on art topics were sought after by a variety of organizations both locally and nationally.

Philip Leslie Hale died following emergency surgery in Dedham, Massachusetts, on February 2, 1931.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds a separately cataloged collection of Philip Leslie Hale drawings on microfilm reel 3766 and two collections related to the Hale family, including the Ellen Hale and Hale family papers and the Edward Everett Hale letter to an unidentified person.
Provenance:
The Philip Leslie Hale papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1962 by the artist's daughter, Nancy Hale Bowers. Additionally, notes written by Mrs. Nathan Hale were donated by Lilian Westcott Hale in 1963.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Philip Leslie Hale papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art critics -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Art -- History  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art teachers -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Authors -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Artists' studios -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Philip Leslie Hale papers, 1818-1962, bulk 1877-1939. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.halephil
See more items in:
Philip Leslie Hale papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-halephil
Online Media:

Beatrice Whitney Van Ness papers

Creator:
Van Ness, Beatrice Whitney, 1888-1981  Search this
Progressive Education Association (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
D'Amico, Victor, 1904-1987  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Rebay, Hilla, 1890-1967  Search this
Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1883-1985
Scope and Contents:
Letters, writings and notes, art works, printed material and photographs.
Brief resumes, a genealogy of Van Ness' family and a citation from Beaver Country Day School for "Meritorious Service"; correspondence from family members, colleagues and friends includes 5 letters from Victor D'Amico and the Progressive Education Association regarding her participation in upcoming events; extensive notes and writings by Van Ness and others regarding art education theory and practice and a brief history of Beaver Country Day School written by Van Ness in 1981; teaching files, undated and 1932-1944, containing course outlines, exams and class assignments for courses taught at BCDS;
a notebook describing the dimensions, locations and types of various picture frames; a card file describing paintings by Van Ness; figure drawings, still lifes, contour drawings and charcoal studies done when she was a student; studies of people done in preparation for paintings, portrait sketches and 2 sketches of Van Ness done by her students; photographs of Van Ness, her family, models (for paintings), colleagues and teachers (includes a photo of Philip Hale and Edmund Tarbell, ca. 1905-1980), numerous photos of paintings by Van Ness, ca. 1910-1980, and photos of drawings by her students.
Printed materials include 2 articles by Van Ness on art education published in ART EDUCATION TODAY (1939) and HIGH SCHOOL JOURNAL (1940); exhibition catalogs, announcements, clippings and an essay by Hilla Rebay entitled "The Beauty of Non-Objectivity."
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, educator; Chesnut Hill, Mass. Founder and head of the Art Department at Beaver Country Day School in Chestnut Hill (1921-1949). She studied child and adolescent behavior as applied to art education practice. Through articles, essays and presentations she advocated a more vital and integral role for art education in overall curriculum strategy.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Van Ness's daughters Mary Crocker and Silvia Martin.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.vanness
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-vanness

Philip Leslie Hale drawings, [ca. 1880-ca. 1930]

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13592
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)269059
AAA_collcode_halephil2
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_269059

Oral history interview with Polly Thayer

Interviewee:
Thayer, Polly, 1904-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Cox, Gardner, 1906-1988  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles, 1869-1962  Search this
Littlefield, William Horace, 1902-1969  Search this
Saltonstall, Nathaniel, 1903-1968  Search this
Sarton, May, 1912-  Search this
Van Ness, Beatrice Whitney, 1888-1981  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Extent:
89 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1995 May 12-1996 February 1
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Polly Thayer (Starr) conducted 1995 May 12-1996 February 1, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Thayer talks about her childhood in an upper class Boston family, thriving on drawing in charcoal from casts at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, under tutelage of Beatrice Van Ness; her social debut, 1921-1922; a trip in the summer of 1922 to the Orient with her mother and brother where she was caught in the Tokyo earthquake; Philip Hale's method of teaching drawing at the Museum School in Boston, 1923-1924, and, later, privately; Eugene Speicher's urging her to free herself from Hale's teaching; the difficulty of making the transition to painting; and winning of the Hallgarten Prize of National Academy of Design, 1929.
Studying with Charles W. Hawthorne in Provincetown, Massachusetts in the summer of 1923-1924, which countered the rigidity of her training at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston School; travels in Spain and Morocco in early 1929, at the time her large painting of a nude, "Circles," won the Hallgarten Prize; the importance to her of a letter in 1929 from the critic, Royal Cortissoz, urging her to not fall into the trap of the Boston School and become formulaic in her work; her first one-person show at Doll and Richards, Boston, which resulted in 18 portrait commissions; her ease with which she did self-portraits early in her career, but not so later; and her difficulty in holding the attention of portrait sitters.
Studying with Harry Wickey at the Art Students League, who taught her by boldly re-working her drawings for "plastic" values, which Starr quickly achieved; sketching medical operations and back-stage at theatres, which gave her the dramatic subject matter she sought in the early 1930s; her portraits; getting married in 1933 and the affect on her work; and her work at the Painter's Workshop in Boston with Gardner Cox and William Littlefield. She recalls May Sarton whose portrait she painted in 1936, Charles Hopkinson, and Hans Hofmann.
The distractions from painting brought about by marriage, children, acting, an active social life and much travel; her increased involvement in social concerns through her conversion to Quakerism; the simplification of her paintings beginning in the late 1930s and her steady execution of portrait commissions, which took less time; her exhibitions in Boston and New York through the 1940s and the rarity of them after that; being a board member of the Institute of Modern Art, Boston, and its co-founder, Nathaniel Saltonstall; her approach to painting which amounts to seeking the invisible in the visual world; and the onset of glaucoma which has ended her painting career.
Biographical / Historical:
Polly E. Thayer (1904-2006) was a painter from Boston, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 44 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Women painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.thayer95
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thayer95

Oral history interview with Ralph Rosenthal

Interviewee:
Rosenthal, Ralph, 1912-2003  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Alfred University -- Students  Search this
Boston University -- Students  Search this
Harvard University -- Students  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Extent:
65 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 February 10-April 7
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ralph Rosenthal conducted 1997 February 10-April 7, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art, at Rosenthal's home, in Brookline, Mass.
Rosenthal discusses his childhood in the South End of Boston; first art training at age of 10 under Bill Tate, Dudley Pratt, and Anthony DiBona; attending the Boston public schools' Saturday art classes at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, headed by Alma LeBrecht, Blanche Brink, and Alice Morse, 1924-29; his years at the School of the MFA (1929-35) and the dominant influence there of Philip Hale; his further training in education at Boston University (Ed.M., 1936); his early teaching career; receiving a Carnegie Fellowship in 1938 to study at the Fogg Museum, Harvard University; studying ceramics at Alfred University in 1940; and his founding with Herbert Kahn in 1941 of ROKA, a ceramics supply company.
Teaching in the Boston public schools, 1936-1976, rising from teacher of sculpture to supervisor of art for the entire system in 1966; his work in sculpture, painting, drawing, and ceramics; and former students at the various places he has taught.
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph Rosenthal (1912-2003) was a sculptor from Boston, Mass.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 27 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Art students -- Massachusetts  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramicists -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Art teachers -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rosent97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosent97

Oral history interview with Elizabeth Saltonstall

Interviewee:
Saltonstall, Elizabeth, 1900-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Boston Society of Independent Artists  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Institute of Modern Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Milton Academy (Milton, Mass.) -- Faculty  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Windsor School (Boston, Mass.) -- Faculty  Search this
Windsor School (Boston, Mass.) -- Students  Search this
Benson, Frank Weston, 1862-1951  Search this
Bosley, Frederick A., 1881-1942  Search this
Chase, Frank Swift, 1886-1958  Search this
Clark, Henry Hunt  Search this
Cross, Anson K., 1862-1944  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
James, Alexander, 1890-1946  Search this
Miller, George Charles, b. 1894  Search this
Presser, Josef, 1909-1967  Search this
Saltonstall, Nathaniel, 1903-1968  Search this
Thompson, Leslie P.  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow, 1906-1978  Search this
Extent:
34 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1981 November 18
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Elizabeth Saltonstall conducted 1981 November 18, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Saltonstall discusses her experiences with art as a child in Boston (mentioning Frank Weston Benson as an influence) and her subsequent art education at the Winsor School, the art school of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and independent study in Paris. She remembers the various teaching styles of the Museum School faculty (Frederick A. Bosley, Henry Hunt Clark, Anson K. Cross, Philip Leslie Hale, Alexander James, and Leslie P. Thompson), especially as they contrasted with French teaching methods. She also speaks of her teachers in France and on Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket (including Frank Swift Chase), and recalls some of her co-students (including Josef Presser). Particular mention is made of a lithography workshop taught by Stow Wengenroth, and of George C. Miller, who printed her lithography stones. Her cousin, Nathaniel Saltonstall, is discussed as a patron of the arts, especially his contributions to the establishment of the Institute of Modern Art [Institute of Contemporary Art] in Boston. She touches also on her own teaching career at Winsor School and Milton Academy, and her involvement with the Boston Society of Independent Artists and the Grace Horn Gallery.
Biographical / Historical:
Elizabeth Saltonstall (1900-1990) was a painter, printmaker, and instructor of Chestnut Hill, Mass.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound cassette. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 25 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Art patrons -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art teachers -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Printmakers -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.salton81
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-salton81

Philip Leslie Hale drawings

Creator:
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Extent:
69 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
[ca. 1880-ca. 1930]
Scope and Contents:
Drawings by Philip L. Hale consist of loose sketches in pencil, charcoal, pastels, and other media of heads, figures, anatomical studies, and miscellaneous subjects.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, teacher, critic, and writer; Boston, Mass. Hale received early training under his sister Ellen Day Hale, at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and Academy Julian in Paris, and he studied privately with William M. Chase, J. A. Weir, and Kenyon Cox. Taught at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston for thirty years; at various times, he also was on the faculty of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and Boston University. He is the son of Reverend Edward Everett Hale.
Related Materials:
Philip Leslie Hale papers; Also located at; Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming in 1986 by Thomas Dunlay, who purchased them in 1985 from dealer George Epstein. Epstein bought the drawings from Hale's daughter, Nancy Hale Bowers, in the 1960's.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.halephil2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-halephil2

Oral history interview with Donald Barton

Interviewee:
Barton, Donald, 1903-1990  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Allen, Charles Curtis, 1886-1950  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Stevens, William Lester, 1888-1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette
31 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1989 March 31
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Donald Barton conducted 1989 March 31, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Barton speaks of his childhood in Fitchburg, the son of a painter; attending the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston School from 1922-1925; his friendships with William Lester Stevens and Charles Allen; studying with Hans Hofmann; going on a painting trip to the West in 1928; and his subsequent career as a commercial photographer. He recalls Philip Leslie Hale.
Biographical / Historical:
Donald Barton (1903-1990) was a painter and photographer from Fitchburg, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 16 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Photographers -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.barton89
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-barton89

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