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Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
6567 Slides (photographs) (11 Binders, color)
14 Documents (1 Binder)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Nigerians  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Fulani  Search this
Nuba  Search this
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Turkana  Search this
Pokot  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Documents
Color slides
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Lagos (Nigeria)
Date:
1961-circa 2005
Summary:
The collection consists of 6,567 color slides taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg during various field studies among the Yoruba in southwest Nigeria between 1961 and circa 2005. The images depict Yoruba art and culture with a special focus on artisans, art objects, body arts, costume, festivals, hairstyles, indigenous photography, weaving and textiles. Cultural events depicted include Balufon festivals, Egungun and Gelede masquerades, social events (weddings, christenings, funerals), and religious ceremonies (initiation and animal sacrifice). Also included are various scenes of daily life, architecture, food preparation, markets, portraits and landscapes. Houlberg extensively documented Yoruba artists in the process of creating their art, including carvers Yesufu Ejigboye, Runshewe, and Lamidi Fakeye, as well as the final pieces themselves. Houlberg documentated art in situ, such as Yoruba house posts, shrines, wall art and wood doors and art objects, including Gelede masks, Ibeji (twin) and Eshu figures, Osanyin staffs, and Ogboni and Shango shrines. Manuscript and printed materials, including Houlberg's resume, thesis, and numerous published articles are also available in this collection.
Scope and Contents note:
This 6,567 slide collection documents Houlberg's studies in Southwestern Nigeria spanning from 1961 to circa 2005. The collection primarily includes photos of people, including the Ogboni, Pokot, Yoruba, Turkana and Igbo, shrines, festivals and rituals, art objects, and artists. A particular strength of the collection are photos of Balufon festivals, Egungun and Gelede masquerades, social events (weddings, christenings, funerals), and religious ceremonies (initiation and animal sacrifice). Also included are various scenes of daily life, architecture, food preparation, markets, portraits and landscapes. Houlberg mostly photographed in Ilishan, Ikenne, Ilara, Shagamu, Lagos, Ijebu-Ode, and Egbe.

Houlberg extensively documented Yoruba artists in the process of creating their art, including carvers Yesufu Ejigboye, Runshewe, and Lamidi Fakeye, as well as the final pieces themselves. Houlberg documentated art in situ, such as Yoruba house posts, shrines, wall art, wood doors and art objects, including Gelede masks, Ibeji (twin) and Eshu figures, Osanyin staffs, and Ogboni and Shango shrines. Several Yoruba art forms, including photography, scarification tattoos, and textiles (both cloth and dress), are represented in the collection. Additionally, there are numerous slides of Yoruba hairstyles, many of which she published in her article, Social Hair: Tradition and Change in Yoruba Hairstyles in Southwestern Nigeria.

Yoruba ritual specialists, such as Ife-olu Solaru, Olufunke, and Yesufu Ejigboye, appear frequently throughout the collection. Houlberg documented her many stays with these individuals over the years.

There is also one binder of manuscript and printed materials, including Houlberg's resume, thesis, and numerous published articles.
Arrangement note:
The collection is organized into 29 series according to subject. The series descriptions correspond with particular subjects used in Houlberg's teaching and lectures. All slides were kept in the order in which they were donated.

Series 1: African Hairstyles, circa 1973-1994 (Binder 1; 212 slides)

Series 2: Egungun Festival, 1961-circa 1988 (Binder 1; 362 slides)

Series 3: Gelede, circa 1969-circa 1989 (Binder 2; 301 slides)

Series 4: Ibeji Twins, circa 1969-circa 1990 (Binders 2-3; 854 slides)

Series 5: Ogboni Art Objects and Shrines, circa 1969-circa 1982 (Binder 4; 92 slides)

Series 6: Art Objects Depicting Ogun, circa 1969-circa 1983 (Binder 4; 56 slides)

Series 7: Olojufoforo Art and Festivities, circa 1968-circa 1975 (Binder 4; 21 slides)

Series 8: Yoruba People, Architecture, and Art, circa 1969-circa 1985 (Binder 4; 260 slides)

Series 9: Carving, Art Objects and Artists, and Scenes of Daily Life, circa 1973-circa 1988 (Binder 4; 201 slides)

Series 10: Yoruba Art, circa 1971-circa 1983 (Binder 5; 49 slides)

Series 11: Yoruba Textiles, circa 1973-circa 1983 (Binder 5; 84 slides)

Series 12: Yoruba, Miscellaneous, circa 1967-circa 1989 (Binder 5; 251 slides)

Series 13: African Art, Textiles People, and Dwellings, circa 1963-circa 1983 (Binder 6; 58 slides)

Series 14: Ibo Mbari and Igbo Peoples and Artwork, circa 1967-circa 1985 (Binder 6; 212 slides)

Series 15: Art and Ceremonies, circa 1967-circa 1991 (Binder 6; 493 slides)

Series 16: Body Arts, Nuba People (Sudan) and Fulani and Bororo People (Niger), circa 1973-circa 1979 (Binder 7; 64 slides)

Series 17: People, Scenic Views and Animals of Kenya, Sudan, Angola, and Ghana, circa 1972-circa 1985 (Binder 7; 168 slides)

Series 18: Peoples and Arts of Ghana, Mali, and the Ivory Coast, circa 1966-circa 1992 (Binder 7; 406 slides)

Series 19: Published Maps and Photos, circa 1968-circa 1985 (Binder 8; 70 slides)

Series 20: Nigerian Masks and Art Objects, circa 1967-circa 1978 (Binder 8; 396 slides)

Series 21: Yoruba Festivals, People, and Art in Nigeria, circa 1967-circa 1988 (Binders 8-9; 128 slides)

Series 22: Yoruba Photography and Textiles, circa 1975-circa 1983 (Binder 9; 54 slides)

Series 23: Ife-Olu, Ilishan, circa 1980-circa 1988 (Binder 9; 87 slides)

Series 24: Yoruba Festivals, People, Hairstyles, Ibeji Objects, Eshu Figures, and Oya and Orishala Priests, Priestesses, and Shrines, circa 1966-circa 1988 (Binder 9; 168 slides)

Series 25: Shango, circa 1970-circa 1983 (Binder 10, 162 slides)

Series 26: Ara Festival, 1975 (Binder 10; 174 slides)

Series 27: Ceremonies and Festivals, Portraits, Art and Ceremonial Objects, Domestic and Market Scenes, circa 1969-circa 2005 (Binders 10-11; 759 slides)

Series 28: Yoruba Art Objects, and Domestic, Work, and Festival Scenes, circa 1971-circa 1983 (Binder 11; 104 slides)

Series 29: Manuscript and Printed Materials, 1973-circa 2005 (Binder 12)
Biographical/Historical note:
Artist, anthropologist, and art historian Dr. Marilyn Hammersley Houlberg was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1939. Houlberg received an Associate of Arts degree from Wright Junior College (1959) and a BFA from the University of Chicago (1963). After graduating, she traveled to North Africa and explored Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. In 1964, Houlberg researched Haitian art, religion, and indigenous photography in Haiti and in 1965 was awarded a scholarship for graduate study from the University of Chicago. There she completed her MAT in Art History in 1967. Following graduation, Houlberg worked at the Nigerian Museum in Lagos, where she documented Yoruba sculpture, masquerades, religion, body art, and indigenous photography.

She began her teaching career at the University of Chicago as a lecturer on African art and African civilization, working there from 1971 to 1973. At the University of London, Houlberg earned a Masters in Anthropology, producing the thesis Yoruba Twin Sculpture and Ritual (1973). She also extensively photographed her travels abroad in Yorubaland. Between 1974 and 1990, Houlberg taught at the University of Chicago, Columbia College, Kalamazoo College, and Northwestern University. From 1974 to 2008 she continued teaching at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, lecturing on Yoruba art and ritual in West Africa and the New World, and the art and ritual of Vodou in Haiti.

Houlberg has lectured worldwide at numerous museums and symposiums since 1972, including in Lagos, Nigeria; Jacmel, Haiti; Toronto, Canada; Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; and Cologne, Germany. Her essays have been published in several issues of African Arts. Some of Houlberg's significant publications include Arts of the Water Spirits of Haitian Vodou, in Sacred Waters: Arts for Mami Wata and Other Divinities in Africa and the Diaspora (2008) and Water Spirits of Haitian Vodou: Lasiren, Queen of Mermaids, in Mami-Wata: Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and the African-Atlantic World (2008). The exhibition Mami-Wata at the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art (2009) featured her photographs.
Provenance:
Marilyn Houlberg, 733 West 18th St., Chicago, IL 60616, Donation, 20050320, 2005-0002
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Weavers  Search this
Artists  Search this
Topic:
Shrines  Search this
Masks  Search this
Domestic scenes  Search this
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Ethnology -- Nigeria  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Hairstyles -- Africa  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Marketplaces  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Ere ibeji  Search this
Works of art in situ  Search this
Art, African  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Festivals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Photographic prints
Photographs
Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2005-002

Female figure

Maker:
Kulango artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, glass beads, plant fiber, pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 36.3 × 9.1 × 6.8 cm (14 5/16 × 3 9/16 × 2 11/16 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
Shrine/Altar  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchased with funds provided by the Annie Laurie Aitken Endowment
Object number:
2016-14-2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7786fc0da-9084-402f-9fb7-dba6164e7657
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2016-14-2

Geisha Hairstyling, ca. 1927, a silent black & white archival film clip from the Smithsonian’s Human Studies Film Archives

Creator:
Smithsonian Insider  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 20 Dec 2012 13:34:55 +0000
Topic:
Science  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Insider
Data Source:
Smithsonian Insider
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_5c19f8f70a335e295d9e8210416d21af

Weight

Object Name:
abrammuo
Maker:
Akan artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5.8 x 1.8 x 2.5 cm (2 5/16 x 11/16 x 1 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Ghana
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
18th-late 19th century
Topic:
male  Search this
Trade  Search this
Spiritual being  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Emil J. Arnold in memory of her husband
Object number:
75-3-113
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7c76374f0-a242-49b8-9f9d-2d00310361a1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_75-3-113

Female figure

Maker:
Fante artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 40.6 x 16.8 x 9.8 cm (16 x 6 5/8 x 3 7/8 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Ghana
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Shrine/Altar  Search this
mother and child  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Emil J. Arnold in memory of her husband
Object number:
75-3-18
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7809314c3-c892-411e-87a9-1c3a54654ddf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_75-3-18

Weight

Object Name:
abrammuo
Maker:
Akan artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6.2 x 4.7 x 7.5cm (2 7/16 x 1 7/8 x 2 15/16in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Ghana
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
18th-late 19th century
Topic:
boat  Search this
male  Search this
Trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Emil J. Arnold in memory of her husband
Object number:
75-3-295
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7c743ad0e-51c7-4296-bf37-2ea4ff7d6b2b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_75-3-295

Pendant

Maker:
Senufo artist  Search this
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 3.2 x 2.5 x 0.6 cm (1 1/4 x 1 x 1/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
Early-mid 20th century
Topic:
Divination  Search this
male  Search this
Healing  Search this
couple  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Emil J. Arnold in memory of her husband
Object number:
75-3-469
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7c8fd1ba0-6cf1-4063-8bf6-46c7b5a340cf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_75-3-469

Comb

Maker:
Bono artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 21.6 x 7.9 x 3.2 cm (8 1/2 x 3 1/8 x 1 1/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Ghana
Date:
Mid-late 20th century
Topic:
Household  Search this
Female use  Search this
heart  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Chaim Gross
Object number:
76-56-8
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys77baed5dc-fac8-4fdf-aa8a-57bca92aac86
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_76-56-8

Helmet mask

Object Name:
gnawu
Maker:
Mende artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, copper alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 43.2 x 27.9 x 27.9 cm (17 x 11 x 11 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Sierra Leone
Date:
Mid 20th century
Topic:
Initiation  Search this
Female use  Search this
star  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert and Nancy Nooter
Object number:
77-22-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys742ef1025-3c84-4a58-9c9c-f570f40ba4c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_77-22-1

Heddle pulley

Maker:
Bamana artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 20.3 x 8.3 x 4.4 cm (8 x 3 1/4 x 1 3/4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Mali
Date:
Mid-late 20th century
Topic:
Weaving  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Harold Rome
Object number:
77-31-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7c9252a44-fea6-49f7-ac52-6bfa90d5eaf8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_77-31-1

Female figure

Object Name:
nimba
Maker:
Baga artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 84.4 x 20.6 x 32.6 cm (33 1/4 x 8 1/8 x 12 13/16 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Coastal region, Guinea
Date:
Late 19th century
Topic:
Power  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Samuel Rubin
Object number:
78-14-4
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys77cdc8429-a1b6-49ec-b51e-70a7d332ec81
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_78-14-4

Male figure

Object Name:
nimba
Maker:
Baga artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 84.4 x 18.1 x 31.8 cm (33 1/4 x 7 1/8 x 12 1/2 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Coastal region, Guinea
Date:
Late 19th century
Topic:
Power  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Samuel Rubin
Object number:
78-14-5
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7e0c92af3-2c6e-4b9b-8010-1fd41277f9e9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_78-14-5

Female figure

Object Name:
madebele
Maker:
Senufo artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 114.3 x 25.4 x 22.9 cm (45 x 10 x 9 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Funerary  Search this
Shrine/Altar  Search this
hornbill  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Samuel Rubin
Object number:
78-14-8
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys71d3a1c03-b87b-4110-9544-f0af72e5cbfc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_78-14-8

Hat

Object Name:
ashetu
Maker:
Bamileke artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, wood
Dimensions:
H x W: 16.5 x 20.3 cm (6 1/2 x 8 in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Cameroon
Date:
Late 20th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Museum purchase
Object number:
79-13-87
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys709fb9485-1b69-4514-a642-8e16801d9092
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_79-13-87

Shoulder mask

Object Name:
zigrien-wonde
Maker:
Baga artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 85.1 x 17.8 x 20.3 cm (33 1/2 x 7 x 8 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Coastal region, Guinea
Date:
Early 20th century
Topic:
Commemorative  Search this
Marriage  Search this
Birth  Search this
Agricultural  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Samuel Rubin
Object number:
79-16-22
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys762833c1a-3db2-4939-aa88-b1f90237fa95
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_79-16-22

Cap mask

Object Name:
gelede
Maker:
Yoruba artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 24.5 x 23.0 x 32.8 cm (9 5/8 x 9 1/16 x 12 15/16 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
Mid-19th to mid-20th century
Topic:
Fertility  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Samuel Rubin
Object number:
79-16-42
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7a0c85e8f-7abe-45d4-acd6-41bfa4b7093b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_79-16-42

Male figure

Maker:
Kongo artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10.5 x 2.5 x 2.5 cm (4 1/8 x 1 x 1 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Late 19th-early 20th century
Topic:
Hunting/Fishing  Search this
Power  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Samuel Rubin
Object number:
79-16-51
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys73f58df15-6f5f-4719-8aac-da964ab5b43f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_79-16-51

Female figure

Maker:
Umale Oganegi, born ca. 1929 , active 1940s -1970s  Search this
Igala artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 39.1 x 11.0 x 11.4 cm (15 3/8 x 4 5/16 x 4 1/2 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Iyale, Lower Benue River, Nigeria
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Benjamin Weiss
Object number:
79-31-13
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7be65ffc2-c17d-4301-89af-fffa9bbc55b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_79-31-13

Figure

Object Name:
pomdo
Maker:
Kissi artist  Search this
Medium:
Steatite
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 12.7 x 4.4 x 5.7 cm (5 x 1 3/4 x 2 1/4 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Makona River region, Sierra Leone
Guinea
Date:
15th-16th century
Topic:
Ancestral  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert and Nancy Nooter
Object number:
80-27-11
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7855a079e-daf4-450f-9db8-49481f5dfef1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_80-27-11

Commemorative head

Object Name:
nsodie
Maker:
Akan artist  Search this
Medium:
Ceramic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 19.4 x 14.6 x 11.4 cm (7 5/8 x 5 3/4 x 4 1/2 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Twifo-Hemang region, Ghana
Date:
Late 17th-early 18th century
Topic:
Funerary  Search this
Commemorative  Search this
Ancestral  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Gerald Pennington
Object number:
81-26-7
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys70742fe8b-1e14-4841-916b-e59fc98b86e8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_81-26-7

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