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James E. Curry papers

Correspondent:
Paul, William L. Jr  Search this
Creator:
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Names:
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  Search this
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bingham, Jonathan  Search this
Cohen, Felix  Search this
Cohen, Henry  Search this
Extent:
121.7 Linear feet
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota [Flandreau]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai [Fort McDowell]  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Tillamook  Search this
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Stockbridge Mahican  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Lummi Indians  Search this
Walapai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Taos -- Pyote clan  Search this
Tesuque  Search this
Shawnee -- Eastern  Search this
Shoshoni -- Fort Hall  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Seminole -- Florida -- Oklahoma  Search this
Dakota -- Big Foot  Search this
Dakota -- Cheyenne River  Search this
Coeur d'Alene Indians  Search this
Croatan  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Chippewa -- Lac Courte Oreilles  Search this
Cheyenne -- Northern -- Southern  Search this
Bannock -- Fort Hall  Search this
Alaskan natives  Search this
Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands)  Search this
Fort Sill Apache  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Arapaho -- Oklahoma  Search this
Dakota -- Crow Creek  Search this
Yuma  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Seri Indians  Search this
Sia  Search this
Yaqui Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Tlingit -- Angoon -- Craig -- Juneau -- Kake -- Ketchikan -- Klawak -- Klukwan -- Taku -- Wrangell  Search this
Ute -- Uintah-Ouray  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Colville Indians  Search this
Havasupai Indians  Search this
Kutenai Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Place:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
Santa Clara
Date:
1932-1958
Summary:
These are the papers of Washington, D.C. attorney James E. Curry, whose legal career included work both as a government attorney and in his own private practice. The bulk of the papers reflect his private practice in the area of Indian affairs.
Scope and Contents:
The material in the collection includes documents relating to many aspects of Curry's career but most of it relates to his work with Indian tribes and the National Congress of American Indians. For the most, the collection is made up of such materials as letters exchanged with government officials, Indians, and other attorneys; copies of legal documents; published government documents; notes; and clippings and other printed materials. Of particular significance is a subject file relating to Indian affairs. It includes material concerning affairs of Alaskan natives and the Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands), Apache (including Fort Sill, Jicarilla, Mescalero, San Carlos White Mountain), Arapaho (Southern), Assiniboine (Fort Belknap, Fort Peck), Bannock (including Fort Hall), Blackfeet, Caddo, Catawba, Cherokee (Eastern), Cheyenne (Northern, Southern), Chickahominy, Chickasaw, Chippewa (including Lac Courte Oreilles), Choctaw, Cochiti, Cocopa, Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Comanche, Creek, Croatan, Crow, Dakota (Big Foot, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Devil's Lake, Flandreau, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Mdewakanton, Oglala, Rosebud, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Standing Rock, Yankton), Delaware, Eskimo (including Gambell, Kiana), Flathead, Fox, Haida (including Kasaan), Havasupai, Hopi, Iroquois (Caughnawaga, Seneca, St. Regis), Isleta, Jemez, Kalilspel, Kansa (Kaw), Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Kutenai, Laguna, Lummi, Maricopa (Gila River, Salt River), Menominee, Missouria, Mohave (Fort Mohave), Mohave Apache (Fort McDowell), Muckleshoot, Navaho, Nez Perce, Niska, Nooksak, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Papago, Paiute (Fallon, Fort McDermitt), Moapa, Pyramid Lake, Shivwits, Walker River, Yerington), Pima (Gila River, Salt River), Potowatomi, Quinaielt, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Sandia, Sauk, Seminole (Florida, Oklahoma), Seneca, Seri, Shawnee (Eastern), Shoshoni (including Fort Hall), Sia, Spokan, Stockbridge, Taos (Pyote clan), Tesuque, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa), Tillamook, Tlingit (including Angoon, Craig, Juneau, Kake, Ketchikan, Klawak, Klukwan, Taku, Wrangell), Tsimshian (Metlakatla), Umatilla, Ute (including Uintah-Ouray), Walapai, Washo, Wesort, Winnebago, Wyandot, Yakima, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni. There are also materials relating to Curry's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and National Congress of American Indians, and material that reflects his interest in conditions and events in given locations (often filed by state) and in organizations with interest in Indians. The material relating to Curry's work in Puerto Rico has been deposited in the Archivo General de Puerto Rico, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, in San Juan.
Arrangement note:
The James E. Curry Papershave been arranged into 6 series: (1) Daily Chronological Files, 1941-1955; (2) Subject Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1935-1955; (3) Miscellaneous Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1947-1953; (4) Non-Indian Affairs, n.d.; (5) Puerto Rico Work, 1941-1947; (6) Miscellany, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
James E. Curry was trained in law in Chicago and practiced in that city from 1930 until 1936, serving part of that time as secretary of the local branch of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1936 to 1938, he was an attorney with the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, being largely involved with matters of credit affecting Indians. From 1938 to 1942, he continued service with the Interior Department but worked in several capacities involving the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, the department's Consumers' Counsel Division, and the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority.

In 1945, Curry returned to Washington and set up private practice, also maintaining for a time an office in Puerto Rico. In Washington, he became the attorney for the National Congress of American Indians and from that time until the 1950s his practice increasingly involved representation of American Indian tribes, mostly in claims against the federal government. In this work, for a time, he was involved in business relations with a New York Law firm that included Henry Cohen, Felix Cohen, and Jonathan Bingham.

He also often worked closely with lawyers who lived near the tribes he represented, William L. Paul, Jr., of Alaska, for example. This aspect of his practice--representing Indian tribes--was largely broken up during the early 1950s when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs began to use his powers to disapprove contracts between Curry and the tribes. In 1952 and 1953, his official relationship with the National Congress of American Indians was also ended. After this, while Curry continued until his death to act as a consultant in Indian claims with which he had earlier been involved, his career and life developed in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to James E. Curry can be found in the records of the National Congress of American Indians, also located at the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center.
Provenance:
The Curry papers were originally donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James E. Curry's daughter Mrs. Aileen Curry-Cloonan in December 1973. In 2007 The Curry papers were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center along with several other records concerning American Indian law and political rights.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indian claims  Search this
American Indians -- Credit  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James E. Curry papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.015
See more items in:
James E. Curry papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-015

Man's leggings

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Man's leggings
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Sewn, appliquéd, overlay beadwork, edge beaded
Dimensions:
39 x 40 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Date created:
1870-1900
Catalog Number:
2/1434
Barcode:
021434.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22693
Online Media:

Frontlet headdress with eagle and frog designs

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Frontlet headdress with eagle and frog designs
Media/Materials:
Wood, baleen, abalone/haliotis shell, burlap, ermine skin/fur, wool cloth, cotton cloth, sea lion whiskers, paint
Techniques:
Carved, inlaid, sewn, stitched, painted
Dimensions:
109 x 23 x 37 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Date created:
circa 1850
Catalog Number:
10/4581
Barcode:
104581.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, New York, NY
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_112819
Online Media:

Totem pole

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Previous owner:
Eagle, Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Seller:
Alaska Fur Company (Hudson Bay Fur Company)  Search this
Object Name:
Totem pole
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
1323 x 144 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Old Kasaan; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Date created:
circa 1875
Catalog Number:
20/4100
Barcode:
204100.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218080
Online Media:

Man's shirt

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Man's shirt
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, glass bead/beads, button/buttons, silk ribbon, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, appliquéd, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
160 x 120 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1431
Barcode:
021431.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22690
Online Media:

Blanket

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Blanket
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, cotton cloth, button/buttons
Techniques:
Sewn, appliquéd
Dimensions:
186 x 143 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1433
Barcode:
021433.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22692
Online Media:

Rattle

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1442
Barcode:
021442.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22701
Online Media:

Tobacco mortar

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Tobacco mortar
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1460
Barcode:
021460.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22719
Online Media:

Bowl/Dish

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl/Dish
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1465
Barcode:
021465.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22724
Online Media:

Dance wand/baton

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Dance wand/baton
Media/Materials:
Copper
Techniques:
Hammered
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1467
Barcode:
021467.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22726
Online Media:

Spoon

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon
Media/Materials:
Mountain goat horn
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1471
Barcode:
021471.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22730
Online Media:

Spoon

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon
Media/Materials:
Mountain sheep horn
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1473
Barcode:
021473.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22732
Online Media:

Spoon

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon
Media/Materials:
Cow horn
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Catalog Number:
2/1474
Barcode:
021474.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22733
Online Media:

Spear point

Culture/People:
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Collector:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Seller:
Charles Will Wright (Charles W. Wright), Non-Indian, 1879-1968  Search this
Object Name:
Spear point
Media/Materials:
Copper
Techniques:
Hammered, perforated
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Prince of Wales Island; Sealaska Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Alexander Archipelago
Island Name:
Prince of Wales Island
Date created:
1890-1905
Catalog Number:
2/1475
Barcode:
021475.000
See related items:
Haida [Kasaan]
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22734
Online Media:

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