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The Call of the Curassow and the Land of the Guahibo Indians, by Felix V.D. Giovanni

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 422, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1994 - 1995
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 12: Publications / 12.3: Publications by Other Sources
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref10267

South American Ethnology: Provenance, Guahibo Collection

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 600, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1976
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 9: Curatorial / 9.6: Anna C. Roosevelt
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref15963

Arrow Or Spear

Collector:
Felix Giovanni  Search this
Donor Name:
Genevieve H. Bellis  Search this
Length - Object:
146 cm
Culture:
Guahibo (?)  Search this
Object Type:
Arrow
Place:
Southeast, Colombia, South America
Accession Date:
18 Jan 1995
Collection Date:
1945
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
400216
USNM Number:
E426250-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32326541c-151c-4973-b0ce-918f368b0faf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8459231

Arrow Or Spear

Collector:
Felix Giovanni  Search this
Donor Name:
Genevieve H. Bellis  Search this
Length - Object:
148 cm
Culture:
Guahibo (?)  Search this
Object Type:
Arrow
Place:
Southeast, Colombia, South America
Accession Date:
18 Jan 1995
Collection Date:
1945
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
400216
USNM Number:
E426257-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a435c85e-cb98-4b25-b727-455ba6f6360d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8459238

Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia

Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Extent:
102 Photographic prints (Black and white, silver gelatin)
Culture:
Guahibo  Search this
Piapoco (Piapoko)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
Vaupés (Colombia)
Colombia
Orinoco River
Date:
Circa 1938
Summary:
Photographs made by Paul Beer and Felix DiGiovanni depicting indigenous people, primarily the Guahibo, as well as the natural and cultural features of the Vaupés region of Eastern Colombia.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 85 photographic prints mounted on paperboard, with annotations made by Genevieve Bellis, wife of Tom Bellis. Also included are 18 enlargements mounted on black paper with annotations (not Bellis') in Spanish, and a number written on the back. With one exception (Item 29), the enlargements are of the photographs mounted on paperboard.

The photographs depict the indigenous people of eastern Colombia, primarily the Guahibo tribe, as well as the natural and cultural features of the Vichada region. Other tribes represented in the photographs include the Piapoco, Guanano, Banibo, Casanare, Guayabero, and Tucano tribes. The location depicted in the images is in the Vichada region, unless otherwise indicated.

The photographs show the customs and daily activities of the tribes, including bathing, washing clothes, cooking, fishing, hunting, making arrows and dugout canoes, house-building, creating water pitchers from clay, weaving cloth from the bark of trees, and preparing for ceremonies.
Biographical / Historical:
Felix V. DiGiovanni (ca. 1913-1990) was an American engineer, writer, photographer, and filmmaker. He was raised in the Bronx and graduated with an engineering degree from The City College of New York in 1933. As a young man, he traveled throughout Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil, and later became interested in documenting the eastern plains of Colombia, known as Los Llanos, as well as its inhabitants. In the late 1930s, he returned to Colombia to film a documentary on the indigenous people of the Vaupés region.

DiGiovanni's partner in the expedition was Paul Beer. Beer (1904-1979) was a German photographer active in Bogota, Colombia, in the late 1920s.

By 1941, DiGiovanni's documentary film about the Guahibo was completed. In 1944 he returned to Colombia to work with the U.S. Cinchona Mission, which comprised a team of scientists travelling to the Andes region to find cinchona trees, whose bark produces the alkaloid quinine, used for treating malaria.

DiGiovanni met Tom Bellis during this time. Bellis (1907-1993) was an officer with the Food and Drug Administration. From October 1942 until December 1945, he worked for the Board of Economic Warfare in Bogota, Colombia at the Instituto Nacional de Higiene Samper-Martinez. Here, he directed a laboratory which analyzed cinchona bark. In November 1945, Bellis purchased this set of photographs, along with 28 Guahibo artifacts, from DiGiovanni.

Felix DiGiovanni returned to New York in 1946 and became a mechanical engineer with a major oil company. In 1960, he completed a draft of a manuscript about his experiences with the Guahibo, titled The Call of the Curassow and the Land of the Guahibo Indians. He intended to publish it and also produce a Spanish translation, but he died December 31, 1990, before it could be finished. In 1994, Pauline DiGiovanni, DiGiovanni's widow, published 40 copies of the manuscript in English.

After the expedition with DiGiovanni, Paul Beer's photography focused primarily on architectural and industrial themes. He lived in Bogota until his death in 1979.
Related Materials:
The National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) holds the Felix V. DiGiovanni collection from Colombia, collection ID number NMAI.AC.300, donated by DiGiovanni's widow, Pauline DiGiovanni. It contains prints and negatives different from the NAA's collection, a 16mm film, and the book The Call of the Curassow and the Land of the Guahibo Indians. NMAI also has objects collected by DiGiovanni, including baskets, tools, necklaces, woven bags, hammocks, arrows, and pottery.
Separated Materials:
Along with the photographs, Genevieve Bellis donated 28 objects from the Guahibo tribe, which are held in the National Museum of Natural History's anthropology collections. These form accession number 400216, and include wooden bows, a woven hammock, arrows, a water jug, ceremonial necklaces, a gourd rattle, a reed tube rattle, a small gourd containing curare, incised spindle whorls, and bead necklaces.
Provenance:
The photographs were donated by Genevieve Bellis, widow of Tom Bellis, in 1995.
Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Guanano Indians  Search this
Baniwa Indians  Search this
Tucano Indians  Search this
Guayabero Indians  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41

Two Guahibo men fishing with bows and arrows from canoe

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
General:
See also enlargement, Folder 3.
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 17a
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref1

Young Guahibo men aiming bows and arrows

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
General:
"Teenagers target practicing with bows and arrows." (p. 143.)
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 18c
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref10

Guahibo man holding ray fish and bow and arrow

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
General:
See also enlargement, Folder 6.
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 18d
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref11

Guahibo medicine man wearing ceremonial attire standing before stacked sugar cane

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
General:
"Lee-enseeyo performing the ceremony to ensure that the cane juice will ferment well."

Supplemental note: "He wore a long, flowing loincloth beautifully painted with geometrical designs. The jaguar claw headdress, which came down to the small of his back, was trimmed with an abundance of parrot and macaw feathers. The animal-teeth necklace he was wearing had one very large jaguar fang besides the usual alligator teeth, wild boar tusks and giant ant-eater claws. A large jaguar-skin medicine bag hanging at his side and the magic rattle in his right hand completed his ceremonial garb." (p. 134.)

See also enlargement, Folder 6
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 18e
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref12

Person wearing ceremonial mask and bark cloth tunic

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 18f
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref13

Guahibo medicine man squatting at fire and preparing drug "niopo"

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
General:
"Medicine man Manibela making the drug 'niopo'." (p. 98.)

See also enlargement, Folder 3.
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 18g
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref14

Guahibo man wearing animal fang necklace and headdress and holding rattle

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 19a
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref15

Group of Guahibo men wearing animal fang necklaces and dancing. Some hold deer horns

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
General:
"The deer dance. The deerhorns are a hooting instrument which the Indians use in many of their dances." (p. 117.)
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 19b
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref16

Man examining petroglyph on rocks near Atures rapids of Orinoco River

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 19c
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref17

Guahibo man, woman, and baby in canoe on Vichada River

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 20a
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref19

Guahibo man and boy standing in river, fishing with bow and arrow

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
General:
"Father and son on the lookout for a bigger fish." (p. 151.)
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 17b
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref2

Guahibo men in bongo (covered canoe) navigating rapids on Vaupés River

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 20b
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref20

Men in canoe on Inirida River

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 20c
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref21

Guahibo men and boys unloading baggage from a bongo to carry over rocks on Vaupés River

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 20d
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref22

Guahibo men pushing bongo through Vacurabá rapids on Vaupés River

Collection Creator:
Beer, Paul  Search this
DiGiovanni, Felix V.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Bellis, Tom  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on this collection.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 1995-41, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.1995-41, Item 20e
See more items in:
Felix DiGiovanni and Paul Beer photographs of the Guahibo and other indigenous tribes of eastern Colombia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-1995-41-ref23

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