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Oral history interview with Willie Herrón

Interviewee:
Herrón, Willie, 1951-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Gronk, 1954-  Search this
Extent:
7 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (6 hrs.), analog)
109 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2000 Feb. 5-Mar. 17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Willie Herrón conducted 2000 Feb. 5-Mar. 17, by Jeffrey J. Rangel, for the Archives of American Art.
The interviews took place in a restaurant, City Terrace, East Los Angeles, Calif. Herrón describes his childhood growing up in East Los Angeles, culminating with an extensive discussion of the circumstances surrounding the painting of his most acclaimed mural, "The Wall that Cracked Open" in City Terrace; founding the avant-garde Chicano art group Asco along with Harry Gamboa, Jr., Patssi Valdez, and Gronk; his experience as leader of the band Los Illegals and as a cofounder of the alternative music space Club Vex with Self Help Graphics' Sister Karen Boccalero; the Chicano mural movement, particularly his undertakings in City Terrace, Boyle Heights, and at the Estrada Courts and Ramona Gardens housing projects in East Los Angeles; his commitment to working with at-risk youth and his strong desire to expand the stylistic and iconographic parameters of the medium through the incorporation of graffiti; and an assessment of Asco's role in expanding the continuum of Chicano art and identity.
Biographical / Historical:
Willie Herrón (1951-) is a painter, graphic artist, muralist, and musician from Los Angeles, Calif. Herrón is known as one of the premiere artists and musicians to emerge out of the Chicano arts movement during the 1970s.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview and transcription provided by the SI Latino Fund of 1997.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art and music  Search this
Graffiti  Search this
Street art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Mexican American artists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American musicians -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.herron00
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-herron00

Oral history interview with Gronk

Interviewee:
Gronk, 1954-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions (Gallery)  Search this
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
Dreva, Jerry  Search this
Extent:
6 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (ca. 6 hrs.), analog)
94 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 Jan. 20-23
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Gronk conducted by Jeffrey Rangel for the Archives of American Art.
Gronk discusses differences between two artists' group, Los Four and and Asco; the Chicano artists view of Asco; isolation from the Chicano arts movement as well as the mainstream avant-garde art scene; his relationship with Jerry Dreva and the development of mail art and the Dreva/Gronk Show: 1968-1978 at the Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions; and his 1983 NEA fellowship for performance/conceptual work.
Biographical / Historical:
Gronk (1954-) is an artist from California. Gronk, whose full name is Glugio Gronk Nicandro, was born in Los Angeles in 1954. As a member of the 1970s activist performance group, Asco (nausea), with Harry Gamboa, Jr., Patssi Valdez, and Willie Herron, Gronk arranged anti-war protests and painted graffiti murals.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview provided by the Smithsonian Latino Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.gronk97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gronk97

Oral history interview with Harry Gamboa, Jr

Interviewee:
Gamboa, Harry  Search this
Gronk, 1954-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Extent:
5 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (270 min.), analog)
90 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1999 Apr. 1-16
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Harry Gamboa, Jr. conducted 1999 Apr. 1-16, at various cafes in Los Angeles, Calif., by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art. The artist, Gronk, joined the interview for the second session.
Photographer, painter, video artist, and writer, Harry Gamboa, Jr. (b. 1951), has been involved in creating visual and performance works that interpret the contemporary urban Chicano culture. A native of Los Angeles, Gamboa began the interview by reflecting on his book Urban Exile (University of Minnesota Press, 1998), which he considers only a fragment of his creative work, feeling photography his primary medium. He expressed a need to maintain his identity as a Chicano artist while at the same time trying to balance financial survival, family maintenance, and creative spontaneity. He described growing up in East Los Angeles, a period that tested his personality and developed his quick wit and humor as a means of survival and his sense of being the "participant viewer." He remembers his educational experiences as "highly damaging," due to the physical violence from a few teachers and the stereotyping of Chicanos. His views about the Vietnam War and his disillusionment of the political process which led to a discussion about the Civil Rights Movement and the African-American culture's influence on his work. He emphasized the lack of an awareness by the art community of black and Chicano artists that was underscored in the Armand Hammer Museum's LA and Noir [Sunshine and Noir: Los Angeles Art, 1960-1990, at the UCLA/Armand Hammer Art Center] exhibition, 1998.
The second session began and ended with Gamboa reflecting on his relationship with his wife and fellow artist, Barbara Carrasco. In the interim, he and Gronk, who joined the interview, discussed the dynamics that brought the artists together in Asco; the differences and competitiveness within the Chicano Arts Movement; and the vulnerabilities of an artist's surviving while trying to maintain an artistic vision. Despite these challenges and an opressive dominant culture that has not embrased Chicano art, Carrasco have continued as artists because they feel a need to create and to present their work as a means of expanding a perception of reality.
Biographical / Historical:
Harry Gamboa, Jr. (1951-) is a painter, writer, photographer, and video artist from Los Angeles, Calif.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview and transcription provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Initiatives Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Photography  Search this
Hispanic American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.gamboa99
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gamboa99

Oral history interview with Patssi Valdez

Interviewee:
Valdez, Patssi  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Otis Art Institute  Search this
Self-Help Graphics and Art, Inc.  Search this
Gamboa, Harry  Search this
Gronk, 1954-  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Extent:
80 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1999 May 26-June 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Patssi Valdez conducted 1999 May 26-June 2, by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art.
The interviews were conducted at the artist's home/studio in Los Angeles, California. Valdez discusses her current show at the Laguna Art Museum, "A Precarious Comfort," and the intensely personal nature of the work being exhibited; the liberating aspects of painting and her journey from dealing with the problems and concerns of the Chicano community to a more internal focus in which she examines her personal emotional life through symbol and imagination; how, in her work, landscape has come to represent emotions and states of mind; health problems and her turning to alternative methods of healing; her relationship with Asco and her eventual break from the group to pursue her art studies at Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles (now Otis College of Art and Design) and in New York, and with a NEA grant to Europe and Mexico; difficulties she experienced with her decision to focus on art school and on her survival as an artist, while trying to keep in touch with friends and peers; friendships with Amalia Mesa Bains, Christina Fernandez, and Gronk, as well as with Sister Karen Boccalero whose Self-Help Graphics contributed so much to the growth of a younger generation of Chicano artists; fellow Asco artist Harry Gamboa, Jr., and their mutual goals in their art to subvert Chicano stereotypes; what constitutes Chicano art and how the Les Demon des Anges show changed her perspective; and her ability to create change through her art.
Biographical / Historical:
Patssi Valdez (1951-) is a painter, and installation artist from Los Angeles, California. Valdez is known for her boldly rendered works that vary in themes from homages to female deities to mystical environments.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 32 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview and transcription provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Inititatives Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American women artists -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.valdez99
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-valdez99

Oral history interview with Gronk, 1997 Jan. 20-23

Interviewee:
Gronk, (Glugio Gronk Nicandro), 1957-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Subject:
Dreva, Jerry  Search this
Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions (Gallery)  Search this
Four (Art group)  Search this
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Hispanic American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13586
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216258
AAA_collcode_gronk97
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216258
Online Media:

Inaugural installations [videorecording] / produced by Museum of Glass: International Center for Contemporary Art

Title:
Installations, Summer 2002-Spring 2003
Author:
Welch, Aaron  Search this
Dougherty, Patrick 1945-  Search this
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Howard, Mildred  Search this
Simpson, Buster 1942-  Search this
Remann Hall Women's Project  Search this
Museum of Glass: International Center for Contemporary Art  Search this
Subject:
Dougherty, Patrick 1945- Call of the wild  Search this
Gronk 1954- Glass kingdom  Search this
Howard, Mildred Blackbird in a red sky  Search this
Simpson, Buster 1942- Incidence  Search this
Remann Hall Women's Project Remorse reconstructed  Search this
Museum of Glass: International Center for Contemporary Art  Search this
Physical description:
1 videodisc (32 [i.e. 54] min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in
Type:
Videorecordings
Place:
Washington (State)
Tacoma
Date:
2003
[2003]
Topic:
Installations (Art)  Search this
Glass sculpture  Search this
Documentary films  Search this
Call number:
video 000691
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_811826

Gronk / Max Benavidez ; foreword by Chon A. Noriega

Author:
Benavidez, Max  Search this
Noriega, Chon A. 1961-  Search this
La Ponsie, Steve 1957-  Search this
Subject:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 120 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), ill., ports. ; 24 cm. + 1 DVD (4 3/4 in.)
Type:
Biography
Date:
2007
Topic:
Mexican American artists  Search this
Hispanic American gays  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_815133

Gronk! a living survey 1973-1993 : The Mexican Museum, San Francisco, August 4-November 21, 1993 / curated by René Yañez

Author:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Yanez, Rene  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
El Paso Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. : col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1993
Call number:
ND237.G668 A4 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_833008

Fascinating slippers = Pantunflas / Gronk

Author:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
San Jose Museum of Art  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Subject:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
[6] p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
San Jose
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Installations (Art)  Search this
Call number:
N6537.G668 A4 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_690234

Gronk : Grand Hotel : paintings and drawings : 3 February- 4 March, 1989, Saxon Lee Gallery

Title:
Grand Hotel
Author:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Frank, Peter 1950-  Search this
Saxon-Lee Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
[24] p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
Date:
1989
C1989
Topic:
Narrative art (Art movement)  Search this
Call number:
ND237.G668 A4 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_917224

Gronk, Hotel senator : paintings : 7 September- 6 October 1990, Daniel Saxon Gallery

Title:
Hotel senator
Author:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Daniel Saxon Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Gronk 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
Date:
1990
C1990]
Topic:
Narrative art (Art movement)  Search this
Call number:
ND237.G668 A4 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_920827

Gronk, 1954- [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_29367

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