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Story of Greenwood, Mississippi

Producer:
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Recorder:
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Carawan, Candie  Search this
Performer:
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Evers, Medgar Wiley, 1925-1963  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
Mississippi
Greenwood (Miss.)
Contents:
Story of Greenwood--Story pt. 1--Get on board children--Keep your eyes on the prize--This little light of mine--Bob Moses--Greenwood story--Fannie Lou Hamer--Greenwood story
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-4302
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Mississippi, United States, 1963.
General:
Folkways 5593

CDR copy
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Documentary  Search this
Spoken word  Search this
United States -- History  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-4302
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / Commercial / Folkways Recordings
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk54c4f2b95-7f66-4bae-8fdf-d57bb3e748b7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref25987

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers (SNCC)  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f8d8405e-ab8d-486c-96c7-58c33804c206
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

Vote for Dick Gregory for President (One Dollar Bill)

Subject:
Dick Gregory, American, 1932–2017  Search this
Dimensions:
7 × 15.9 cm (2 3/4 × 6 1/4 in.)
Type:
numismatics
Print
Object Name:
Print
Made in:
Europe and USA
Date:
1968
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Xenia Cage
Accession Number:
1969-49-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq46aad4cd3-e085-486e-bf61-74530558bcf9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1969-49-1

Dick Gregory's Political Primer

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Book
Subject:
History, Reform Movements, Black, Civil Rights  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN81806Y15
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Womens History/Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-0e6f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_504034

button

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Button
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN82541S06
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-2ae9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_511140

button

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Button
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN82541S07
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-2aea-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_511141

buttons, batch of

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Buttons, Batch of
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN82541Y98
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-24fe-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_511456

button

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
History, Reform Movements, Black, Civil Rights  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN82550Y96
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Womens History/Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-2039-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_512210

button

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
History, Reform Movements, Black, Civil Rights  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN82550Y97
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Womens History/Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-203a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_512211

button

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Button
Subject:
History, Reform Movements, Peace/Anti-War  Search this
History, Reform Movements, Black, Civil Rights  Search this
ID Number:
PL.279881.05.K
Catalog number:
279881.05.k
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Womens History/Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-43f3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_523024

Inauguration, President in Exile

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
circular
Associated place:
Viet Nam
Associated date:
1969 03 04
Subject:
History, Reform Movements, Peace/Anti-War  Search this
ID Number:
PL.307159.02
Catalog number:
307159.02
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Womens History/Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-9634-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_540854

Longest Walk Benefit Concert

Associated person:
Ali, Muhammad  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Havens, Richie  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 11 in x 8 1/2 in; 27.94 cm x 21.59 cm
Object Name:
circular
Date made:
1978
Associated date:
1978 07 23
Subject:
Native Americans  Search this
Credit Line:
Reverend John P. Adams
ID Number:
1978.2202.23
Accession number:
1978.2202
Catalog number:
1978.2202.23
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Civil Rights Collection
Princeton Posters
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-56b9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_541098

poster

Associated person:
Ali, Muhammad  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 17 in x 11 in; 43.18 cm x 27.94 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Date made:
1978
Associated date:
1978 07 23
Credit Line:
Reverend John P. Adams
ID Number:
1978.2202.18
Accession number:
1978.2202
Catalog number:
1978.2202.18
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History
Princeton Posters
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-56b8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_541101

My Choice Gregory in ‘68

Referenced:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
black; white (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in; 3.175 cm
Object Name:
button, political
Date made:
1968
Subject:
Elections  Search this
Anti-racism  Search this
Buttons, Badges, Ribbons  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 1968  Search this
ID Number:
2018.0158.220
Accession number:
2018.0158
Catalog number:
2018.0158.220
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-9f65-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1893563

Registered Peace and Freedom Party

Referenced:
Spock, Benjamin  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Peace and Freedom Party  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
white; gray (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 2 in; 5.08 cm
Object Name:
button, political
Date made:
1968
Subject:
Buttons, Badges, Ribbons  Search this
African American  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 1968  Search this
ID Number:
2018.0158.228
Accession number:
2018.0158
Catalog number:
2018.0158.228
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-c5d6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1893571

Peace and Freedom Party

Associated:
Spock, Benjamin  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Referenced:
Peace and Freedom Party  Search this
Maker:
Peace and Freedom Party  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
green (overall black)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in; 3.175 cm
Object Name:
button, political
Subject:
Buttons, Badges, Ribbons  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 1968  Search this
ID Number:
2018.0158.229
Accession number:
2018.0158
Catalog number:
2018.0158.229
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-c5d7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1893572

Peace and Freedom - 1968 - Gregory & Spock

Referenced:
Peace and Freedom Party  Search this
Depicted (sitter):
Spock, Benjamin  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Maker:
Peace and Freedom Party  Search this
A. G. Trimble Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
blue; white (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in; 3.175 cm
Object Name:
button, political
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh
Date made:
1968
Subject:
Political Campaigns  Search this
Presidential Candidates  Search this
Political Parties  Search this
Buttons, Badges, Ribbons  Search this
African American  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 1968  Search this
ID Number:
2018.0158.230
Accession number:
2018.0158
Catalog number:
2018.0158.230
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-c5d8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1893573

Dick Gregory for President

Referenced:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Maker:
Peace and Freedom Party  Search this
AFL-CIO  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
white; black (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 1 in; 2.54 cm
Object Name:
button, political
Date made:
1968
Subject:
Political Campaigns  Search this
Presidential Candidates  Search this
Buttons, Badges, Ribbons  Search this
African American  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 1968  Search this
ID Number:
2018.0158.232
Accession number:
2018.0158
Catalog number:
2018.0158.232
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-bbb4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1893575

Dick Gregory For President

Referenced:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
pink (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/4 in; x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
Button
Date made:
1968
Subject:
Civil Rights Movement  Search this
Protest and Civil Disobedience  Search this
Anti-War Movement  Search this
Vietnam War  Search this
Political Campaigns  Search this
Elections  Search this
Buttons, Badges, Ribbons  Search this
African American  Search this
ID Number:
2005.0083.24
Accession number:
2005.0083
Catalog number:
2005.0083.24
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Presidential History Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-cac9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1295866

pamphlet

Associated person:
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Object Name:
Pamphlet
ID Number:
1992.0224.73
Catalog number:
1992.0224.73
Accession number:
1992.0224
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-b937-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1132147

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