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Oral history interview with Joseph J. Greenberg

Interviewee:
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Names:
Tyler School of Art  Search this
Abels, Alexander  Search this
Blai, Boris, 1893-1985  Search this
Fink, Ferman  Search this
Horter, Earl, 1881-1940  Search this
Sabatini, Raphael, b. 1898  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
2 Sound cassettes (Sound recording)
76 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1991 Mar. 19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Joseph J. Greenberg, Jr. conducted 1991 Mar. 19, by Cynthia Haveson Veloric, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Greenberg discusses his family and early education; attending the Tyler School of Art; instructors including Boris Blai, Raphael Sabatini, Franklin Watkins, Earl Horter, Ferman Fink, and Alexander Abels; fellow students; Army service in WWII; his early career and years in Italy.
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph J. Greenberg, Jr. (1915-1991) was a sculptor and wood-carver from Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Wood-carvers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Wood-carving -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Function:
Art Schools -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.greenb91
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greenb91
Online Media:

Reginald Gammon papers

Creator:
Gammon, Reginald, 1921-2005  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Harwood Art Center (Albuquerque, N.M.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
New Mexico African American Artists' Guild  Search this
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library  Search this
Spiral (Group of artists)  Search this
Western Michigan University -- Faculty  Search this
Andrews, Benny, 1930-2006  Search this
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Browne, Vivian E., 1929-1993  Search this
Fray, Thomas  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
King, Patrick  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Overton, Harry  Search this
Wynberg, Jonathan  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
5.3 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Interviews
Paintings
Sketches
Drawings
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
1927-2007
bulk 1960-2005
Summary:
The papers of African American painter, printmaker, and educator Reginald Gammon measure 2.4 linear feet and 5.30 GB and date from 1927 to 2007, with bulk of the materials dating from 1960-2005. The collection consists of scattered biographical materials, including video and sound recordings of interviews; correspondence with artists, galleries, organizations, and museums; writings and notebooks; teaching files; printed materials; photographic material; and artwork in the form of sketches, drawings, and paint sketches.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of African American painter, printmaker, and educator Reginald Gammon measure 2.4 linear feet and 5.30 GB and date from 1927 to 2007, with bulk of the materials dating from 1960-2005. The collection consists of scattered biographical materials, including video and sound recordings of interviews; correspondence with artists, galleries, organizations, and museums; writings and notebooks; teaching files; printed materials; photographic material; and artwork in the form of sketches, drawings, and paint sketches.

Biographical materials include Gammon's academic records and diplomas, certificates, military records, an address book, and information about his memorial service. There is a folder on The Spiral Group which includes an exhibition catalog and photographs. There are video interviews, a conversation video, and two TV advertisements, all digital; one analog and one digital audio interview.

Approximately one-half of the collection consists of correspondence with other artists, museums, galleries and arts organizations. Correspondents include Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Vivian Browne, Thomas Frey, Joseph Greenberg, Harwood Art Center, Patrick King, Hughie Lee-Smith, Midtown Galleries, National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center, New Mexico African American Artists Guild, Harvey Overton, Schomberg Center, Smithsonian Institution's Anacostia Museum, Western Michigan University, and Jonathan Wynberg, among many others.

Writings by Gammon consists of essays, a research proposal, notes, grant applications, and notebooks wherein Gammon jotted down thoughts and drafted letters.

Teaching files are related to Reginald Gammon's tenure at Western Michigan University. There are teaching certifications, lecture notes, one sound recording (sound cassette) of a lecture, student recommendations, and grade books, among other items.

Printed materials primarily consist of exhibition catalogs and announcements, including the catalog Ida Y Vuelta on Gammon's 1998 exhibition in Rodez, France. Other materials found in this series are clippings that feature Gammon and his work, periodicals, posters designed by Gammon, and source materials related to jazz. and limited subject files.

Photographic materials include prints, slides, digital photographs, and negatives depicting Reginald Gammon and his artwork, friends and family, and various studios and events.

Artwork includes pencil and ink sketches, drawings, and paint sketches. The series also contains storyboards for children's books as well as mockups for advertisements.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1936-2006 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, 3, 5.29 GB; ER01-ER03)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1964-2005 (0.8 linear feet; Box 1-3)

Series 3: Writings and Notebooks, 1948-circa 2000 (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Teaching Files, 1969-1991 (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1955-2005 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2, OV 4)

Series 6: Photographic Material, 1927-2007 (0.2 linear feet; Box 2-3, 0.010 GB; ER04)

Series 7: Artwork, 1937-circa 1999 (0.5 linear feet; Box 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Reginald A. Gammon (1921-2005) was a painter and art educator who worked in New York City, Michigan, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. He was a member of Spiral, an African American artist's collective based in New York City, as well as a member of the New Mexico Afro-American Artist Guild. He taught in the New York public schools and at Western Michigan University.

Gammon was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1941, he received a scholarship to study art at the Philadelphia Museum College of Arts (then the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Arts) and the following summer worked in the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard refurbishing battleships for the war effort. While working, he also attended school at night. He was drafted and served in the Navy from 1944-1946 with an African-American unit stationed in Guam. He lived in Philadelphia briefly after the war and moved to New York City in 1948. During his early years in New York City, Gammon worked at various jobs such as sorting mail for the post office and designing advertising copy. Around this time, he first met his future wife Janice Goldberger whom he married in 1972.

In 1963, Gammon was invited to join Spiral, a group of African American artists which included Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, Alvin Hollingsworth, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, and Hale Woodruff. As a member of this group, Gammon participated in the 1965 exhibition First Group Showing: Works in Black and White. Spiral disbanded later that same year. In 1969, Gammon and Benny Andrews formed the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition. This politically active group of artists picketed the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art to protest the exclusion of black artists and curators.

Gammon also taught at the Saturday Academy Program for New York public schools. He set up an informal studio so that children from Harlem could work with resident artists. This position and a recommendation from Hughie Lee-Smith led to an offer from Western Michigan University for a visiting lectureship that turned into a full-time teaching position in which Gammon served until 1991, when he retired as Full Professor Emeritus of Fine Arts and Humanities.

After his retirement from Western Michigan University, Gammon and his wife moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico and he became involved in the New Mexico Afro-American Artist Guild and the Albuquerque United Artists, among other civic organizations. He regularly participated in exhibitions and art fairs sponsored by the Guild and served as their treasurer from 1999 until his death. He was artist-in-residence from 1992-2005 at the Harwood Art Center where he also maintained a studio.

Gammon was also one of the founding members of the New Grounds Print Workshop, where he completed his final collection of artworks - a collection of over 100 prints of historically significant gospel singers and jazz musicians. Gammon died on November 4, 2005.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2007 and 2008 by Reginald Gammon's widow Janice Gammon.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic records with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Printmakers -- New Mexico  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Albuquerque  Search this
Educators -- New Mexico -- Albuquerque  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Educators -- Michigan  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Interviews
Paintings
Sketches
Drawings
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gammreg
See more items in:
Reginald Gammon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gammreg
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Joseph J. Greenberg, 1991 Mar. 19

Interviewee:
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Subject:
Blai, Boris  Search this
Abels, Alexander  Search this
Fink, Ferman  Search this
Horter, Earl  Search this
Sabatini, Raphael  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Tyler School of Art  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Wood-carving -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12576
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214484
AAA_collcode_greenb91
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214484

Joseph J. Greenberg papers, 1939-1989

Creator:
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10784
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214425
AAA_collcode_greejose
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214425

Joseph J. Greenberg papers

Creator:
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet ((on 1 partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1989
Scope and Contents:
Two albums containing photographs of Greenberg's sculptures; loose photographs of Greenberg, his works, and exhibitions such as the Third International [Sculpture] Exhibition at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1949; a group photograph of artists on the main staircase of the Philadelphia Museum of Art; clippings, 1939-1986; exhibition announcements and catalogs, 1962-1989; brochures and programs, 1959-1963; and a scrapbook, 1940-1984, containing 11 letters primarily announcing his acceptance into exhibitions, clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, press releases, 2 award certificates, and 2 resumes.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor, wood-carver; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Donated 1991 by Sheila Greenberg, Joseph's widow, except for the photograph albums which were lent for microfilming. Collected and microfilmed as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.greejose
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-greejose

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