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Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers

Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Extent:
2 cu. ft. (4 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Motion pictures (visual works)
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1920-1979
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document Greeley's career and experiences during his tours of duty at the SAO's radiation observing stations from 1920 to 1956. These materials consist primarily of correspondence, diaries, notes, manuscripts, photographs, and personal documents.

The correspondence includes incoming and outgoing official correspondence, 1931-1955, mostly with Charles G. Abbot and Loyal Blaine Aldrich concerning daily activities, equipment and station buildings maintenance, and financial reports; correspondence to family members, 1923-1952, in which Greeley described his experiences and travels; correspondence with Charles G. Abbot, 1964-1969, mostly concerning Abbot's activities and news of former solar observers; correspondence with researchers interested in the SAO's solar constant program, 1977-1978, and Oliver Wulf concerning experiments and theories of the solar constant, 1932.

The manuscripts consist of Greeley's unpublished autobiography, "Following the Sun," undated, and consist of typed copies and excerpts of correspondence to members of his family, 1920-1936; and a typescript of Douglas V. Hoyt's study, "Smithsonian Astrophysical Solar Constant Program," 1978, and includes the published version, 1979.

The diaries were written mostly by Olive A. Greeley, who also served as bolometer assistant at Montezuma, 1943-1946, and as assistant station director at Miami, 1947-1948. The entries document day-to-day activities at the various stations, mostly at Montezuma, Miami, and Table Mountain, 1938-1955. Entries by Frederick A. Greeley include traveling expense accounts, 1938 and 1940-1941, and notes written during his travel to Jerusalem, 1936.

The photographs consist of black and white prints of scenes taken by Greeley during his tours of duty. Also included in this collection are personal documents such as passports, automobile registrations, internal identification cards (Chile), and ship passenger lists; mathematical notes; instrument operation instructions; methods of data computation issued by Abbot; newspaper articles about the Greeleys and the SAO's solar radiation observing station; transcripts of radio interviews and speeches given by the Greeleys about their experiences, and about Charles G. Abbot; an April 1930 issue of the National Geographic Magazine in which Mrs. William H. Hoover, the wife of the Mount Brukkaros station director, described her experiences; and two 8mm motion pictures, one in black and white, showing panoramic views of the Sinai, c. 1934, and one in color, showing a segment of the Rose Bowl Parade and snow scenes at Table Mountain, 1949.

Additional materials on the SAO solar constant program and Greeley's reports and correspondence can be found in record unit 85. The Archives biographical file also contains information about the Greeleys, including copies of their vital statistics records.
Historical Note:
Frederick Atwood Greeley (1896-1980) was born and raised in Pelham, New Hampshire. In 1920 he began his career with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) as a staff member maintaining the SAO's solar radiation observing stations.

The SAO, under the directions of Charles Greeley Abbot, its Director from 1907 to 1944, and Loyal Blaine Aldrich, Assistant Director from 1928 to 1944 and Director from 1944 to 1955, had established several solar radiation observing stations to determine the solar constant of radiation (measuring the amount of heat reaching the earth from the sun outside the earth's atmosphere.) It was hoped that the data obtained would help improve accuracy in weather forecasting. These stations were established on high-elevation barren mountaintops in desert regions (usually 7,000 to 9,000 feet above sea-level), where clear atmosphere with few clouds prevails. The major pieces of equipment then in use were the bolometer, coelostat, galvanometer, and the Angstrom pyrheliometer. Data obtained from these instruments was computed and the results sent to SAO in Washington, D.C. The personnel who manned these stations served on a rotating term of about three years.

Greeley's tours of duties as bolometer assistant and assistant station director included the solar radiation observing stations at Mount Harqua Hala near Wenden, Arizona, 1920-1923; Montezuma near Calama, Chile, 1923-1926 and 1942-1943; Mount Brukkaros near Keetmanshoop, Southwest Africa, 1926-1929; Table Mountain near Swartout, California, 1930-1933 and 1936-1941; and Mount Saint Katherine in the Sinai, Egypt, 1933-1936. Greeley's duties included operation, readings, and maintenance of the sensitive heat-measuring instruments; computations of the data obtained from the readings; and routine maintenance of the station's buildings and equipment.

Greeley's tours of duty as station director included the stations at Montezuma, Chile, 1943-1946 and 1951-1955; Miami, Florida (SAO's only sea-level station), 1947-1948; and Table Mountain, California, 1948-1951 and 1955-1956. Greeley's duties as station director included full responsibility for the adjustment, repair, and operation of the equipment, as well as management of the station as a unit.

Greeley retired from SAO in December 1956. He lived in Redlands and Laguna Hills, California until his death in 1980.
Chronology:
November 26, 1896 -- Born, Pelham, New Hampshire. Greeley was a second cousin of Charles Greeley Abbot.

1916 -- Graduated high school in Nashua, New Hampshire.

August-November, 1918 -- United States Army

October 1, 1920-March 31, 1923 -- Mount Harqua Hala Station near Wenden, Arizona. Bolometer assistant and station assistant director. Alfred Moore was station director.

April 1, 1923-June 30, 1926 -- Montezuma Station near Calama, Chile. Bolometer assistant and station assistant director. Loyal Blaine Aldrich was station director. (NOTE: Frederick Greeley's brother, Paul Greeley, also served at this station from 1920 to 1922).

July 1, 1926-November 30, 1929 -- Mount Brukkaros Station near Keetmanshoop, Southwest Africa. Assisted in establishing this solar radiation observing station, and served as bolometer assistant and station assistant director. William H. Hoover was station director.

December 1, 1929-December 31, 1932 -- Table Mountain Station near Swartout, California. Bolometer assistant and station assistant director. Harlan Zodtner was station director.

January1, 1933-February 28, 1933 -- Washington, D.C. Prepared and packed for an expedition to Mount Saint Katherine in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt.

March 1, 1933-June 30, 1936 -- Mount Saint Katherine Station, Sinai, Egypt near the Monastery of Saint Katherine. Bolometer assistant and assistant station director. Helped establish this solar radiation observing station. Harlan Zodtner was station director.

July 1, 1936-October 31, 1941 -- Table Mountain Station, California. Bolometer assistant and assistant station director. Harlan Zodtner, Hugh Freeman, and Clayton P. Butler were station directors.

June 10,1937 -- Married Olive Adelia Troup (born Maxwell, Iowa, June 10, 1901), Riverside, California.

November 1,1941-February 28, 1942 -- Washington D.C. Prepared for an expedition to Chile.

March 1, 1942-June 30, 1946 -- Montezuma Station, Chile. Bolometer assistant, 1942-1943; station director, 1943-1946. Olive Greeley served as bolometer assistant, 1943-1946. Alfred Moore was station director, 1942-1943.

July 1, 1946-April 30, 1947 -- Washington, D.C. Did research on needle system for quartz fiber galvanometer; repaired and adjusted electronic and optical equipment.

May 1, 1947-July 31, 1948 -- Miami Station. Established solar radiation field station. Station director. Olive Greeley was assistant station director.

August 1, 1948-September 30, 1951 -- Table Mountain Station, California. Station Director. Alfred Froiland, Stanley Aldrich, Albert Pizzuto, and Merwin Utter were assistant station directors.

October 1, 1951-February 28, 1952 -- Washington, D.C. Prepared for an expedition to Chile.

March 1, 1952-June 30, 1955 -- Montezuma Station, Chile. Station director. John Pora and James Zimmerman were assistant station directors.

July 1, 1955-December 1, 1956 -- Table Mountain Station, California. Station director.

December 1, 1956 -- Retired from SAO. 36 years and 3 months of service.

1957-1980 -- Retirement in Redlands, California, 1957-1970, and Laguna Hills, California, 1970-1980.

March 19, 1980 -- Died, Laguna Hills, California, age 84.

May 21,1982 -- Death of Olive A. Greeley, Laguna Hills, California, age 81.
Topic:
Astrophysics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Motion pictures (visual works)
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7307
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7307

Passport and ID cards, Southwest Africa, 1926-1929

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 6: Personal Documents, 1923-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1001

Smithsonian Institution identification badge

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 6: Personal Documents, 1923-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1013

Personnel records, 1949

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 6: Personal Documents, 1923-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1025

Newspapers and Journal Articles

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7307, Series 7
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1039

Box 3

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 7: Newspapers and Journal Articles
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1050

National Geographic Magazine, SW Africa Trip, April, 1930. This magazine includes an article by Mrs. William H. Hoover, wife of the Mount Brukkaros station director, "Keeping House for the Shepherd of the Sun."

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 7: Newspapers and Journal Articles / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1058

Newspaper articles (bond paper photocopies) on SAO's solar radiation projects and a biography of Charles G. Abbot.

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 7: Newspapers and Journal Articles / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1070

Photographs, 1920-1955

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of black and white photographs mostly taken by Frederick A. Greeley during his tours of duty, 1920-1955 and photographs from the Chile Exploration Company, Chiquicamata, Chile.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7307, Series 8
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1084

Box 3

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1101

Arizona, 1920-1923

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1109

California, 1929-1932; 1948-1951. Includes black and white negatives of the aftermath of snow storm at Table Mountain, 1949.

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1121

Chile, 1923-1926; 1952-1955

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1133

Chile Exploration Company, Chiquicamata, Chile, undated. Includes a typewritten summary by Frederick A. Greeley describing the Atacama Desert countryside, undated.

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955 / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1145

Box 4

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1158

Egypt, 1933-1936. Includes souvenir photographs.

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955 / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1166

Southwest Africa, 1926-1929

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 8: Photographs, 1920-1955 / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1178

Motion Pictures, circa 1934, 1949

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7307, Series 9
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1192

Box 4

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 9: Motion Pictures, circa 1934, 1949
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1203

Motion Pictures: (a) Mount Zebel Gebir, Sinai, Egypt, circa 1934. 8mm. 2 1/2" reel. Black and white. Panoramic view of the mountain range in the Sinai including the solar radiation observatory at Mount Saint Katherine; (b) California, 1949. 8mm 2 1/2" ...

Collection Creator::
Greeley, Frederick A. (Frederick Atwood), 1896-1980  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7307, Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
See more items in:
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers
Frederick Atwood Greeley Papers / Series 9: Motion Pictures, circa 1934, 1949 / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7307-refidd1e1211

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