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International and Great Northern Railroad Company

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 32, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Railroads, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Railroads
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Railroads / 2: Railroad Companies / 1.1: American Companies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-railroads-ref1155

New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Company

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 38, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Railroads, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Railroads
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Railroads / 2: Railroad Companies / 1.1: American Companies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-railroads-ref1319

James J. Hill Scrapbook

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916  Search this
Names:
Great Northern Railroad  Search this
St. Paul, Minnesota and Mantioba Railway.  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Obituaries
Scrapbooks
Place:
St. Paul (Minn.)
Date:
1916
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook contains clippings of the news stories and obituaries printed after the death of James J. Hill on May 29, 1916, drawn from newspapers throughout the United States and Canada.

The 151 scrapbook pages (13" x 15") contain newspaper clippings of the news stories and obituaries of the death of James Jerome Hill on May 29, 1916 at age 78. The clippings dated May 29 and 30, 1916 are from throughout the United States and Canada and report on the life and death of the man known as "Railroad Builder" and "Empire Builder".
Biographical / Historical:
James J. Hill was born near Guelph, Ontario on September 16, 1838 of parents of Scottish and Northern Ireland background. He moved to St. Paul, Minnesota when he was 18 and began his career in railroad building.

His major accomplishment was to discover the "bread-basket of the world" in the Northwest United States and led in the development of its 6 states from wilderness. Along the 6,000 miles of track he created wealth of $5 billion in land values, having provided for 400,000 farms on 65 million acres. This was done between 1880-1893 with no Federal or State money. He introduced livestock to these farms and imported blood stock. He had men show the farmers how to raise more wheat, and established cheap rates for rail and steamship for the transport of the grain. Hill organized a fleet of steamships for the commercial invasion of Japan and China and made possible trade between Buffalo, NY to the Far East.

Hill was known to believe in low grades, heavy power, large capacity cars and big trainloads. Besides being president of the Great Northern Railway form 1889-1912, he controlled the First National Bank and the Northwestern Trust Company. He also helped to get Armour and Company to locate in south St. Paul. He arranged for Wall Street to purchase $500,000,000 of foreign bonds to help the allies in 1915. He also personally gave money to King Albert of Belgium to help the country after the Germans invaded it.

Hill was worth an estimated $200 to $250 million when he died.
Hill was the son of a farmer in Ontario, Canada. At 18 he moved to St. Paul, Minn., and took a job as a clerk with a steamship company. In 1873 he and a partner took over the bankrupt St. Louis and Pacific Railway. This line was reorganized in 1879 as the St. Paul, Minnesota and Manitoba Railway, with Hill as General Manager; in 1883 he became its President. Hill extended his rail line into the Great Northwest and opened it up to commerce. He amassed a fortune, estimated at between 200 to 250 million dollars at his death.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad companies -- Minnesota  Search this
Railroads -- Management  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1910-1920
Obituaries
Scrapbooks -- 1910-1920
Citation:
James J. Hill Scrapbook, 1916, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0334
See more items in:
James J. Hill Scrapbook
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0334
Online Media:

Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records

Inventor:
Del Mar, Bruce E., 1913-  Search this
Source:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Former owner:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1951-2011
Summary:
Collection documents the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity for an extended period, through engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials documenting the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity.

The records document the successful collaboration of an independent inventor and a manufacturing firm to identify problems, develop solutions and bring to market diagnostic technologies. Bruce Del Mar's role as an innovator and collaborator with Holter is especially important, because Del Mar's work spurred the development of an entire diagnostic industry. In addition, the records also chronicle how "Holter technology" was affected by progressive technological innovations in the industry, as vacuum tubes were replaced by transistors, as microprocessors gave way to microchips and circuit boards, and as analog recordings were replaced by digital formats.

Documenting manufacturing developments (highs and lows) and marketing considerations is an important element in better understanding the invention process. Del Mar Avionics was the first to design and manufacture instrumentation for long-term monitoring of the human heart for the medical profession. Today, Holter Monitors continue to be an important diagnostic tool for monitoring the health of the heart.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated, consists of biographical materials for Bruce Del Mar, founder of Del Mar Avionics, company histories, copies of the Del Mar Avionics newsletter Pacemaker, employee information, newspaper clippings and ephemera, and photographs of some employees. The employee information contains a 1979 handbook, explaining company policies and the benefits of employment with Del Mar Avionics and a 1951 memo detailing overtime working hours for women, presumably from Douglas Aircraft, where Bruce Del Mar was employed.

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976; Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969; and Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968. The documentation consists primarily of correspondence from the engineering department, 1965 to 1976, related to the development, design, budgeting, testing, and marketing of the Holter Monitor. The majority of the documentation is correspondence and is written by engineering staff members, but also included are quotation requests, trip reports, and technical reports. Correspondence between Holter and Del Mar about the development of the Holter Minotor is in Series 6. The drawings, 1958-1968, include six drawings (22" x 34" or smaller) for Avionics Research Products projects (panel assembly, chassis assembly, and battery chargers for model 602), and Electromation Company (degausser single coil).

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated, consists of copies of patents by Norman J. Holter, W.E. Mills, and W.E. Thornton, Cliff Sanctuary. and Isaac Raymond Cherry related to the development of the Holter Monitor. Also included are lists of United States patents issued to Del Mar Avionics employees, as well as lists of registered trademarks and activities for Del Mar Avionics and copies of trademarks issued to the company.

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated, consists of product literature for Del Mar Avionics products and some of its competitors. The product literature for Del Mar Avionics is arranged chronologically by model number, and the competitor literature is arranged alphabetically. All of the product literature is related to medical instrumentation with the exception of the Hydra Set, a precision load positioner which is the only product Del Mar Avionics sells today.

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985, consists of price lists, price catalogs (both domestic and international) and sales objectives for medical instrumentation sold by Del Mar Avionics.

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005 and undated, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005 and undated; Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978; and Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated, and consists of materials documenting the relationship between Norman J. Holter, an inventor, and Del Mar Avionics.

Holter and Wilford R. Glassock were issued United States Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means. Dr. Eliot Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968 which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

The materials include biographical materials about Norman J. Holter, journal articles about the Holter Monitor, correspondence, engineering notebooks, a licensing agreement, product literature, reports, price lists, catalogs, operating manuals and specific information about the Dynamic Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977, and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both models were developed by Del Mar's medical device manufacturing staff. The licensing agreement and correspondence detail in chronological order the relationship between Norman Holter and Del Mar Avionics, specifically president Bruce Del Mar, in the rapid commercial marketing and development of Holter's electrocardiorecorder. Although Holter assigned exclusive rights to his patent to Del Mar Avionics, he was involved in the design and development process, albeit from a distance. The engineering staff at Del Mar kept Holter informed, and it is clear that Holter regularly visited the company.

The engineering notebooks relate to the models 445 and 660. The notebooks were maintained by engineering staff members D. Anderson, N. Mohammedi, Ray Cherry and Fike. The notebooks are handwritten, although in some instances memos and other information have been inserted. For example, N. Mohammedi's notebook documenting Model 445 contains black-and-white prints, magnetic tape samples, and recorder tape (EKG graph paper) samples with data from the monitor. The notebooks are bound and paginated, and individual pages are stamped sequentially.

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s, consists of color slides used for presentations by Del Mar Avionics staff to discuss and promote the marketing of the Holter Monitor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seven series.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976

Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976

Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969

Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 1, Del Mar Avionics, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 2, Competitors, 1974 and undated

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978

Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s
Biographical / Historical:
Norman Jefferis "Jeff" Holter (1914-1983) was born in Helena, Montana, to a prominent Montana pioneering family. After attending public schools in Helena, he earned master's degrees in chemistry from the University of Southern California (1938) and physics from the University of California, Los Angeles (1940). During these years Holter also organized Applied Micro Sciences, a scientific photography business, and began working with Dr. Joseph A. Gengerelli of UCLA on nerve stimulation in frogs and brain stimulation in rats. Holter's interest in studying electrical activity in humans in their daily activities without touching them, spawned his lifelong pursuit to develop the Holter Monitor.

During World War Two, Holter served as a senior physicist for the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Ships, conducting research into the behavior of ocean waves in preparation for wartime amphibious operations. After the war, in 1946, Holter headed a staff of oceanographic engineers at Bikini Atoll during Operation Crossroads, the first postwar atomic bomb tests, measuring wave actions and underwater disturbances caused by the explosions.

Because of demands of his family's business affairs, Holter returned to Helena in 1947 to continue his research activities. In 1947 he formed the Holter Research Foundation, with a laboratory originally located in the rear of the Holter Hardware Company building. From 1956 to 1971 the laboratory facilities were located in the Great Northern Railroad depot building in Helena. The foundation was initially funded by Holter and other members of his family, but in 1952 Holter began to receive grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Holter continued his collaboration with Dr. Gengerelli of UCLA in attempting to transmit information, primarily brain waves, by radio. Holter turned his attention from the brain to the heart because the heart's greater voltage made the electronics easier, and because heart disease was far more prevalent than cerebral disease. Holter's introduction to Dr. Paul Dudley White (1886-1973), a renowned physician and cardiologist, helped convince him to focus his research on recording electrical activity from the heart. Holter's goal was to radio broadcast and record the more obvious electrophysiological phenomena occurring in humans while carrying on their normal activities, rather than having to lie quietly on a couch.

The first broadcast of a radioelectrocardiogram (RECG) took place circa 1947 and required eighty to eighty-five pounds of equipment, which Holter worn on his back while riding a stationary bicycle. This was not practical and in no way could be worn by a patient. The initial transmitter and receiver required that the subject remain in the general area of the laboratory, so a portable and lighter RECG receiver-recorder had to be developed.

Next, Holter created a briefcase-like device that could be carried by a patient. By using very thin magnetic recording tape, twenty-four hours of RECG could be captured on a reel five inches in diameter. The initial method of examining the voluminous records from the tape recordings developed by Holter was called Audio-Visual Superimposed ECG Presentation (AVSEP). AVSEP made it possible to examine twenty-four hours of RECGs in twenty minutes, with signals being presented visually on an oscilloscope and audibly through a speaker.

With the development of transistors, radioelectrocardiography was made obsolete, and it became possible for the amplifier, tape recorder, temperature-control circuits, motor speed control circuits, and batteries to be placed in a single unit small enough for a coat pocket or purse. In 1952, Holter succeeded in creating a small unit that weighed 1 kilogram. Wilford R. Glassock, a senior engineer working with Holter, traveled to Cedars of Lebanon Hospital (now Cedars-Sinai Hospital of Los Angeles) in 1962 to demonstrate the Holter monitor system and discuss making it more practical. At Cedars, Dr. Eliot Corday observed the practicality of the system and not only embraced the technology, but collaborated with Holter's team and was an early promoter of the technology to both industry and physicians. Holter and Glassock were issued US Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means.

As articles describing the foundation's invention of these devices began to appear in the professional literature, there was considerable demand from doctors and hospitals for the equipment. Dr. Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968, which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

Later known as Del Mar Avionics, a team of engineers diverted their attention from successful manufacturing of military weapons training devices to focus on improving the speed and accuracy of computerized ECG analysis and they became the acknowledged leader in Holter monitoring technology for over 40 years. In 1969, because of the increased amount of required paper work and red tape, Holter canceled the grant funding his foundation had been receiving from NIH. He was also in constant conflict with the Internal Revenue Service over the foundation's non-profit status, rights to patents, and commercial production of equipment. The foundation continued to maintain a laboratory and conduct varied scientific work, but on a much smaller scale. The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was dissolved in 1985, two years after Holter's death.

Del Mar Avionics was founded on January 9, 1952, as Del Mar Engineering Laboratories in Los Angeles, California by Bruce Del Mar, who led the development of aircraft cabin pressurization systems. Del Mar was born in Pasadena, California in 1913. An engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and businessman, Del Mar graduated from the University of California, Berkeley (1937) with a Bachelor of Science degree. Del Mar worked for Douglas Aircraft (1933-1951) as a research engineer on many projects before founding Del Mar Engineering Laboratories. In 1938, Del Mar married Mary Van Ness. The couple had two daughters, Patrica Jean Parsons and Marna Belle Schnabel.

In 1958, Del Mar formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Electromation Inc., which manufactured tape recording and communication equipment. He later established, Aeroplastics Corporation to manufacture plastic products and Avionics Research Products Corporation to develop and produce biomedical instrumentation. By the mid-1960s, the company had become a leading U.S. Defense Department prime contractor in the development and production of aerial tow target systems for weapons training and instrumented ground targets for scoring air-to-ground automatic weapons delivery. It also produced helicopter target drones and helicopter flight trainers for the U.S. Army.

In 1961, the company entered the growing medical instrumentation market with the development of the first long-term ambulatory monitoring systems.

In 1965, the company introduced the Hydra Set Load Positioner that controls the precise vertical positioning of loads up to 300 tons (272,000 kg) in increments as small as 0.001 inch (0.025mm). This unique product, mounted between the load and the crane (or hoist), permits precise mating and de-mating of critical components, thus eliminating unforeseen damage to valuable loads. Hydra Set Load Positioners are in use worldwide in the aerospace, military/commercial aviation, nuclear and fossil fuel power generating industries and in various industrial applications. In 1975, the company, then re-named Del Mar Avionics, moved to its current location in Irvine, California.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Project Bionics Artificial Organ Documentation Collection [videotapes], 2002 (AC0841) documents the invention and development of artifical internal organs through oral history interviews with scientists and others involved.

The James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951 (AC0200) documents Halkett and Wesolowski's experiments on an early mechanical heart. Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols.

The George Edward Burch Papers, 1984-1986 (AC0316) documents Burch's pioneering work in clinical cardiology and research through technical notes, diagrams, and correspondence regarding laboratory work on the "2-pump heart model," 1984-1986.

Wilson Greatbatch Innovative Lives Presentation, 1996 (AC0601) documents the invention of the implantable cardiac pacemaker in 1958.

The Ronald J. Leonard Papers, circa 1980-1997 (AC1109) documents Leonard's development of pumps and oxygenators used in cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery.

Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The Division of Medicine and Science holds two monitors: the Dynamic and the Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977 and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both were developed by Del Mar's Medical Device Manufacturing staff. See accession #: 2011.0196.

Materials at the Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives

Holter Family papers, 1861-1968

Includes documentation about the Holter Research Foundation, Inc.

Holter Research Foundation, Inc. records, 1914-1985

The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was a private, non-profit, scientific research foundation started in Helena, Montana, in 1947 by Norman J. "Jeff" Holter. Records (1914-1985) include correspondence, financial records, laboratory records, subject files, photographs, etc. Also included are subgroups for N.J. Holter; his work in the U.S. Navy on bombs and waves; his work as assistant chancellor at University of California, San Diego; and the Society of Nuclear Medicine.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Del Mar Avionics through Bruce Del Mar, President on September 12, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical innovations  Search this
Patents  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1249
See more items in:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1249
Online Media:

Myodes gapperi galei

Collector:
A. H. Howell  Search this
Length - Total:
103 mm
Length - Tail:
30 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
16 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Java, Great Northern Railroad Station, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
20 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Myomorpha, Cricetidae, Arvicolinae
Published Name:
Myodes gapperi galei
Clethrionomys gapperi galei
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 90
USNM Number:
72484
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38ac9d768-b467-4205-b948-9d7a7bacb19a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7437611

Myodes gapperi galei

Collector:
A. H. Howell  Search this
Length - Total:
144 mm
Length - Tail:
34 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
18 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Java, Great Northern Railroad Station, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
20 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Myomorpha, Cricetidae, Arvicolinae
Published Name:
Myodes gapperi galei
Clethrionomys gapperi galei
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 89
USNM Number:
72758
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37c20c66d-dbc8-4d38-8a9f-60d007c35f00
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7437690

Tamias minimus oreocetes

Collector:
V. Bailey  Search this
Length - Total:
193 mm
Length - Tail:
90 mm
Length - Hind Tarsus:
31 mm
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Stage:
Adult
Type Citation:
Merriam, C. H. 1 Jul 1897 ["1897 Jul 01"]. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 11: 207.
Type Status:
Type
Place:
Summit, timberline near, Teton Mountains, on Great Northern Railroad, Flathead County, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
14 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Tamias minimus oreocetes
Eutamias oreocetes Merriam, 1897
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5024
USNM Number:
72468
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33131d3c6-bda2-478c-818f-fc7552e93444
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7233752

Callospermophilus lateralis tescorum

Collector:
A. H. Howell  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Nyack, Great Northern Railroad Station, Teton County, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
24 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Callospermophilus lateralis tescorum
Spermophilus lateralis tescorum
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 96
USNM Number:
72806
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/378ba80a0-2010-40a9-a2c3-96af022fa6ba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7142836

Callospermophilus lateralis tescorum

Collector:
A. H. Howell  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Bear Creek, Great Northern Railroad Station, Teton County, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
19 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Callospermophilus lateralis tescorum
Spermophilus lateralis tescorum
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 88
USNM Number:
72805
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/332ef3020-9e13-4ba7-9517-32ea4fa966fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7142835

Callospermophilus lateralis tescorum

Collector:
V. Bailey  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Nyack, Great Northern Railroad Station, Teton County, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
24 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Callospermophilus lateralis tescorum
Spermophilus lateralis tescorum
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5075
USNM Number:
72807
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32bdf6fb4-6234-4261-ac77-4c61fa390cd6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7142837

Urocitellus columbianus columbianus

Collector:
A. H. Howell  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Nyack, On Great Northern Railroad, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
24 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus columbianus columbianus
Spermophilus columbianus columbianus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 95
USNM Number:
72825
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3927c5912-f4d6-47dd-88ee-524658d84ffb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7132881

Urocitellus columbianus columbianus

Collector:
V. Bailey  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Male
Place:
Nyack, On Great Northern Railroad, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
22 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus columbianus columbianus
Spermophilus columbianus columbianus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5072
USNM Number:
72820
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35529e9ad-be04-477a-9e01-8497d0083839
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7132868

Urocitellus columbianus columbianus

Collector:
V. Bailey  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Nyack, On Great Northern Railroad, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
22 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus columbianus columbianus
Spermophilus columbianus columbianus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5073
USNM Number:
72821
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3025b1082-a6fd-4cf6-ae89-952eeb2fbcd7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7132871

Urocitellus columbianus columbianus

Collector:
V. Bailey  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Skull
Sex:
Female
Place:
Nyack, On Great Northern Railroad, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
22 Jun 1895
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus columbianus columbianus
Spermophilus columbianus columbianus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : 5074
USNM Number:
72822
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d83dbe76-e062-464f-9921-8208b9bfc563
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7132873

Picoides tridactylus dorsalis

Collector:
Vernon Bailey  Search this
Preparation:
Skin: Whole
Sex:
Female
Place:
Paola, Great Northern Railroad Station, Montana, United States, North America
Collection Date:
22 Jun 1895
Common name:
American Three-toed Woodpecker
American Three-toed Woodpecker (Rocky Mts.)
Three-toed Woodpecker
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Aves, Piciformes, Picidae
Published Name:
Picoides tridactylus dorsalis
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 125
USNM Number:
140655
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Birds
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Birds Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32af2178a-364a-455b-b0d5-90e287e1beaf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_4020400

Apple Crate Label

Referenced business:
Cashmere Pioneer Growers  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (crate label material)
wood (substrate material)
Measurements:
crate label: 9 in x 10 in; 22.86 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
crate label
Place Made:
United States: Washington, Cashmere
Credit Line:
L.E. Leininger
ID Number:
1979.0441.111
Accession number:
1979.0441
Catalog number:
1979.0441.111
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Agriculture
Crate Labels
Agriculture
Food
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-f767-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1361749

Episode 396

Collection Producer:
Lodge, Arthur  Search this
Arthur Lodge Productions.  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Association of Manufacturers  Search this
Extent:
1 motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0507-OF0396
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1958 May 17
Scope and Contents:
The Long Haul The railroad opened the West by connecting communities and transporting agricultural and industrial products. New diesel locomotives, improved springs on freight cars, welded rails, and improved methods of freight handling. Shipping coal and other mine products, forest and agricultural products (including animals), and manufactured goods. Filmed at: Pennsylvania Railroad, New York, NY; Evans Product Co., Plymouth, MI; Union Pacific Railroad, Cheyenne, WY; Southern Pacific Co., Lafayette, LA; Pullman-Standard Mfg. Co., Chicago, IL; American Car & Foundry, Huntington, WV; Paxton Mitchell Co., Omaha, NE; Erie Railroad, Cleveland, OH; Great Northern Railroad, Duluth, MN, and Westinghouse Air Brake Co., Pittsburgh, PA.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Special arrangements must be made directly with the Archives Center staff to view episodes for which no reference copy exists.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees will be charged for reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Industry on Parade Film Collection
Industry on Parade Film Collection / Series 1: Motion Picture Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0507-ref735

Polygonum lapathifolium L.

Biogeographical Region:
77 - South-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Albert Ruth  Search this
Place:
Tarrant Co. On border of an artificial lake, along I.+G.N. R.R. [International - Great Northern railroad], Tarrant, Texas, United States, North America
Collection Date:
3 May 1918
Common name:
curlytop knotweed
dock-leaved smartweed
knotweed
pale persicaria
pale smartweed
willow-weed
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Polygonales Polygonaceae
Published Name:
Polygonum lapathifolium L.
Barcode:
03269904
USNM Number:
1116307
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34c94f87b-1c40-462b-b1f3-3179b5c5ea6d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14783967

Newspaper Clippings

Collection Creator:
Studenski, Paul, 1887-1961  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1912-1961
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Paul Studenski Collection, Acc. 1989-0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Paul Studenski Collection
Paul Studenski Collection / Series 2: Aviation Career and Activities
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0012-ref25
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Newspaper Clippings digital asset number 1

Letters to Parents

Collection Creator:
Loring, William Cushing, 1879-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1902
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The William Cushing Loring papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
William Cushing Loring papers, 1899-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
William Cushing Loring papers
William Cushing Loring papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-loriwill-ref19
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Letters to Parents digital asset number 1

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