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Portrait in a Minute: FDR

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-09-18T18:41:02.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_fSkmoWYKVQQ

How the New Deal Left Out African-Americans

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-12-26T16:30:02.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_r9hFVr-zmIg

Dock Boggs - "Down South Blues" [Official Audio]

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-02-09T18:26:41.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_kNbj0XaZrvI

Pete Seeger - "This Land Is Your Land" (Unreleased) [Official Audio]

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-02-27T17:59:48.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_rYKaLs7A4zM

1934: A New Deal for Artists

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-07-26T16:09:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
See more by:
americanartmuseum
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
YouTube Channel:
americanartmuseum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_vG4fqOaoRKs

Reverend Divine [acetate film photo negative]

Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Names:
Divine, Father, or Rev. (George Baker), ca. 1882-1965  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Job Number: 25695
Group portrait of Divine with three other men and two women. Ink ident. on film edge. Signed "Scurlock / Photo" in ink, bottom right.
Biographical / Historical:
African-American religious leader, founder of the Peace Mission movement, b. probably near Savannah, Ga. and named George Baker. After preaching in the South, he moved to Harlem (1915) in New York City, became one of the neighborhood's biggest landlords, acquired wealth through other businesses, including restaurants and grocery stores, and began styling himself Major M. J. Divine, later Father Divine. Although once dismissed as a cult leader, he built the largest religious movement in northern ghettos during the Great Depression. His role as an early civil rights activist — he led anti-lynching campaigns, instituted economic cooperatives, and organized political action against racial discrimination — has come to be more appreciated. The movement spread beyond New York City to other places in the United States and abroad, sometimes after the group sent whites to purchase property in segregated areas. During the 1940s, his health and influence declined, but his movement symbolized the progressive spirit in the black church and helped define the church's active role in the civil rights movement. See Sara Harris, Father Divine (rev. ed. 1971); Kenneth E. Burnham, God Comes to America (1979); Robert Weisbrot, Father Divine (1984); Jill Watts, God, Harlem U.S.A. (1992). The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition Copyright ©1994, 1995 Columbia University Press.
General:
#150 on original envelope? From box D.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Portraits, Group -- African Americans  Search this
African American clergy  Search this
Cults and nonconventional religious groups  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref16

Father Divine "George" Baker [?] : [acetate film photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Names:
Divine, Father, or Rev. (George Baker), ca. 1882-1965  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 54
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Portraits
Photographs
Date:
[undated]
Scope and Contents:
Fr. Divine standing behind his desk in the front of a row house living room. Signed in the negative, "Scurlock / Wash. D.C." Similar (but not identical) to 10" x 8" image, SIRIS bib. # 289384, Scan no. AC0618.00.0002500.tif. Signed in the (original) negative: "Scurlock / Wash. D.C."
Biographical / Historical:
African-American religious leader, founder of the Peace Mission movement, b. probably near Savannah, Ga. and named George Baker. After preaching in the South, he moved to Harlem (1915) in New York City, became one of the neighborhood's biggest landlords, acquired wealth through other businesses, including restaurants and grocery stores, and began styling himself Major M. J. Divine, later Father Divine. Although once dismissed as a cult leader, he built the largest religious movement in northern ghettos during the Great Depression. His role as an early civil rights activist&#x2014he led anti-lynching campaigns, instituted economic cooperatives, and organized political action against racial discrimination&#x2014has come to be more appreciated. The movement spread beyond New York City to other places in the United States and abroad, sometimes after the group sent whites to purchase property in segregated areas. During the 1940s, his health and influence declined, but his movement symbolized the progressive spirit in the black church and helped define the church's active role in the civil rights movement. See Sara Harris, Father Divine (rev. ed. 1971); Kenneth E. Burnham, God Comes to America (1979); Robert Weisbrot, Father Divine (1984); Jill Watts, God, Harlem U.S.A. (1992). The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition Copyright ©1994, 1995 Columbia University Press.
Addison Scurlock probably photographed Father Divine in 1932, according to research by Professor Leonard Primiano, Cabrini College (e-mail Aug. 6, 2010).
General:
Probably a copy negative.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American clergy  Search this
Cults and nonconventional religious groups  Search this
Genre/Form:
Portraits -- African American men
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref1685

Reverend Divine [acetate film photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Names:
Divine, Father, or Rev. (George Baker), ca. 1882-1965  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Job Number: 25695
Group portrait of Divine with fourteen other men and women, seated around a table; man in left foreground is writing on a pad and a woman is writing on the table. A sign on the wall behind them reads simply, "Abundance." Ink ident. on film edge, plus "15- Prints". Signed "Scurlock / Wash. D.C." in ink, bottom left.
Biographical / Historical:
African-American religious leader, founder of the Peace Mission movement, b. probably near Savannah, Ga. and named George Baker. After preaching in the South, he moved to Harlem (1915) in New York City, became one of the neighborhood's biggest landlords, acquired wealth through other businesses, including restaurants and grocery stores, and began styling himself Major M. J. Divine, later Father Divine. Although once dismissed as a cult leader, he built the largest religious movement in northern ghettos during the Great Depression. His role as an early civil rights activist — he led anti-lynching campaigns, instituted economic cooperatives, and organized political action against racial discrimination — has come to be more appreciated. The movement spread beyond New York City to other places in the United States and abroad, sometimes after the group sent whites to purchase property in segregated areas. During the 1940s, his health and influence declined, but his movement symbolized the progressive spirit in the black church and helped define the church's active role in the civil rights movement. See Sara Harris, Father Divine (rev. ed. 1971); Kenneth E. Burnham, God Comes to America (1979); Robert Weisbrot, Father Divine (1984); Jill Watts, God, Harlem U.S.A. (1992). -- The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition Copyright ©1994, 1995 Columbia University Press.
Addison Scurlock probably photographed Father Divine in 1932, according to research by Professor Leonard Primiano, Cabrini College (e-mail Aug. 6, 2010).
General:
#151 on original envelope, from box D.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Portraits, Group -- African Americans  Search this
African American clergy  Search this
Cults and nonconventional religious groups  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref21

West Chester -- Square House

Former owner:
Hemphill, Anne Price  Search this
Barr, Everett Dr.  Search this
Landscape architect:
McIlvaine, Gilbert  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Square House (West Chester, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Chester County -- West Chester
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets and additional information about the garden.
General:
Also known as Auxillary House, the residential structure on this garden site dates to 1836 and was originally used as a boarding school. Little remains of the garden, which is surrounded by a 12-foot wall built in the early 20th century to ensure privacy. During the ownership of Ann Price Hemphill in the 1920s and 1930s landscape architect Gilbert McIlvaine created a design that incorporated old trees, a marble fountain, and the use of Victorian ironwork. Another unusual decorative feature is ornamentation said to come from cemeteries that could not be maintained during the Great Depression and subsequently sold to Mrs. Hemphill. The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the West Chester Boarding School for Boys.
Persons associated with the garden include: Gilbert McIlvaine (landscape architect, 1920s-1930s); Ann Price Hemphill (former owner, 1920s-1930s); and Dr. Everett Barr (former owner, 1940s-1950s).
Related Materials:
Square House related holdings consist of 2 folders (1 glass lantern slide, 8 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- West Chester  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA021
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16585

Festival Recordings: Camp Narrative: Cotton: Then and Now; Living Off the Land; Working the Water

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Mississippi Delta Program 1997 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Mitchell, John N. (recorder)  Search this
Kelly, Ilona (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Pearson, Charles William  Search this
Dorsey, Henry  Search this
Collom, Wayne 'Tookie'  Search this
Neill, Bob  Search this
Brown, Bubba  Search this
Branton, Harry William  Search this
Russell, Oren  Search this
Morris, Penny  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Louisiana
Mississippi
Sumner (Miss.)
Rayville (La.)
Monroe (La.)
Lake Providence (La.)
Leland (Miss.)
Yazoo City (Miss.)
Baton Rouge (La.)
Date:
1997 June 25
1997
Track Information:
101 Cotton: Then and Now / William Pearson, Henry Dorsey, Wayne 'Tookie' Collom.

102 Living Off the Land / Bob Neill, Bubba Brown.

103 Working the Water / Harry William Branton, Oren Russell, Penny Morris.
Local Numbers:
FP-1997-CT-0091-7
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
United States 1997
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 25, 1997.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. SI Permission.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Cotton  Search this
Pesticides  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Camps  Search this
Trapping  Search this
Pecan  Search this
Crayfish  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Cropdusting  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Maritime  Search this
Nets -- Design and construction  Search this
River boats  Search this
Great Depression  Search this
Catfishes  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Item FP-1997-CT-0091
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: The Mississippi Delta / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref976

Festival Recordings: Camp Narrative: Working the Water; Hunting Calls

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Mississippi Delta Program 1997 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Mitchell, John N. (recorder)  Search this
Kelly, Ilona (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Branton, Harry William  Search this
Russell, Oren  Search this
Morris, Penny  Search this
Thompkins, Bob  Search this
Richenbach, Butch  Search this
Vaughn, Sydney  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Mississippi
Yazoo City (Miss.)
Leland (Miss.)
Louisiana
Arkansas
Stuttgart (Ark.)
Date:
1997 June 25
Track Information:
101 Working the Water / Harry William Branton, Oren Russell, Penny Morris.

102 Hunting Calls / Bob Thompkins, Butch Richenbach, Sydney Vaughn.
Local Numbers:
FP-1997-CT-0092-7
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 25, 1997.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. SI Permission.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
River boats  Search this
Catfishes  Search this
Great Depression  Search this
Nets -- Design and construction  Search this
Maritime  Search this
Ducks  Search this
Hunting  Search this
Birdsongs  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Item FP-1997-CT-0092
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: The Mississippi Delta / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref977

The ACA Galleries records

Creator:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Names:
American Contemporary Art Gallery  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Baron, Herman, 1892-1961  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Dondero, George A. (George Anthony), 1883-1968  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Young, Art, 1866-1943  Search this
Photographer:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1917-1963
Summary:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.
Scope and Content Note:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.

The records are a rich resource for documenting the Social Realist artists and the militant socialist artists during the great depression and the post-World War II era of "McCarthyism".

Correspondence with ACA artists consists of letters from Philip Evergood, David Burliuk, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joseph Hirsch, Lewis Mumford, Elizabeth Olds, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Max Weber, and Art Young. Some of the letters concern the socialist and communist views of some of the artists, including responses to Congressional Representive George A. Dondero's public statements and attacks on modern art as a conspiracy to spread communism in the United States. There is a letter written by Holger Cahill to the editor of Time magazine concerning WPA artists. Also found is a letter from Raphael Soyer written to the ACA Galleries concerning the American Artists' Congress.

Writings include Herman Baron's written history of the ACA Galleries and scattered pages of Baron's book on Joe Jones and William Gropper. There are essays and writings by art critic Elizabeth McCausland, and artists Anton Refregier and Philip Evergood. Printed materials consist of ACA publications, newspaper clippings, published articles, printed illustrations by Philip Evergood, and printed materials about Congressman Dondero.

Photographs are of David Burliuk, Bruce Calder, Nicolai Cikovsky, Hy Cohen, Robert Cronbach, Alexander Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Mike Gold, Chaim Gross, William Gropper, Joe Jones, Mervin Jules, Irene Rice Pereia, Geri Pine, Philip Reisman, Vic Shifreen, Harry Sternberg, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, James Baare Turnbull, Nicky Walker, Abraham Walkowitz, Nat Werner, and Art Young. Photographers include Berenice Abbott, Arnold Newman, and Alfredo Valente. Additional photographs are of unidentified installations or exhibitions.

Herman Baron's personal papers include letters written to his wife and friends during World War I, writings by Baron for various magazines including Glazier's Journal. Personal photographs are of Herman Baron in his army uniform. There is also an obituary for Herman Baron written by art critic Elizabeth McCausland.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1930s-1960s (Box 1; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1938-circa 1960s (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1939-1960 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1930s-circa 1960s (Box 2; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 5: Herman Baron Personal Papers, circa 1910s, 1940s-1960s (Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Herman Baron, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and Adolf Dehn founded the American Contemporary Art (ACA) Galleries on August 16, 1932. Located at 1269 Madison Avenue in New York City, the galleries' first show featured watercolorist Hy Cohen. Baron encouraged freedom of expression and did not censor the artworks displayed in his gallery. As a result, the gallery became an outlet for generally unknown and socially conscious artists, including the Social Realists.

Born in Lithuania in 1892, Herman Baron immigrated to the United States as a child. He served in World War I and later attended New York University. Baron founded and edited Glazier's Journal (later Glass Digest) in 1924 as the first journal for the professional glazing trade. Additionally, he wrote short stories and plays for American Hebrew and Young Israel.

In response to economic issues facing the art market during the depresssion of 1930s, ACA Galleries organized relief efforts to financially support their artists. During this period, the gallery became closely allied with militant artists' organizations and some of the more politically radical artists. In 1935, the ACA Galleries and Herman Baron hosted the first meeting of the American Artists' Congress in the gallery space.

The ACA Galleries featured exhibitions of works by artists David Burliuk, Stuart Davis, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joe Jones, Rockwell Kent, Lee Krasner, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Lewis Mumford, Louise Nevelson, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, Max Weber, Art Young, and others. Baron also organized exhibitions of many artists employed by or associated with the Works Progress Administration of the federal arts program. Due to the progressive nature of the works of art found in the ACA Galleries, Herman Baron came under considerable criticism during the McCarthy Era. Baron was condemned by Representative George A. Dondero for supporting "un-American" sympathies and was forced often to defend his gallery and artists.

For years the gallery focused on artists rights and supporting the work of artists, rather than a profit. In the 1950s, a shift occurred when Baron's nephew Sidney Bergen initiated professional business practices and transformed the gallery into a profitable venture. Now located at 529 West 20th Street in New York City, ACA Galleries continues to promote and support various social causes.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art holds the Herman Baron papers, dating from 1937-1967 which were donated by Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library in 1984. Some exhibition catalogs may be found here.
Provenance:
Ella Baron, widow of the ACA Galleries' founder Herman Baron, donated the records to the Archives of American Art in 1965 and 1966.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.acagall
See more items in:
The ACA Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-acagall
Online Media:

Shimomura family scrapbook, 1920s-1930s

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
thread (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 1/2 in x 10 1/2 in x 9 1/2 in; 6.35 cm x 26.67 cm x 24.13 cm
Object Name:
Scrapbook
Album
scrapbook
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
1920s-30s
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.001
Catalog number:
2016.3086.001
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-a1a5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1808597

Photo, Panoramic Seagulls above water

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
resin (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Object Name:
Photo album
photo album
photo
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.002
Catalog number:
2016.3086.002
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-a1a6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1808631

Document, alumni directory for University of Washington, published in Tokyo, belonging to Eddie Shimomura, July 1935

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/4 in x 5 1/2 in x 4 in; .635 cm x 13.97 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
Directory
directory
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.049
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.049
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-c057-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1811272

Yearbook, "Sealth," Broadway High School, 1931

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 7 in x 10 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x 17.78 cm x 26.67 cm
Object Name:
Yearbook
yearbook
Place made:
United States: Washington, Seattle
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
1931
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.050
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.050
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-c058-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1811276

Yearbook, "Sealth" Broadway High School, Seattle, 1929

Physical Description:
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1/2 in x 7 in x 10 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x 17.78 cm x 26.67 cm
Object Name:
Yearbook
yearbook
Place made:
United States: Washington, Seattle
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
1929
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.052
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.052
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-c05a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1811285

Certificate, The Rho Chi Society Pharmaceutical Honor Society certificate for Eddie Shimomura, University of Washington in Seattle, 05/23/1934

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in; 16.51 cm x 21.59 cm
Object Name:
Certificate
certificate
Place made:
United States: Washington, Seattle
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
1934
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.053
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.053
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-c05b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1811286
Online Media:

Certificate, Roger Shimomura's birth certificate, City of Seattle Department of Health and Sanitation, June 26, 1939, filed July 3, 1939

Physical Description:
resin (overall material)
metal (overall material)
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 1/2 in x 11 in; 21.59 cm x 27.94 cm
Object Name:
certificate
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
July 3, 1939
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.198
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.198
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-dfbb-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812221

"Notification of Birth Registration" for Roger Yutaka Shimomura, City of Seattle, 1939

Physical Description:
ink (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 1/2 in x 10 in; 21.59 cm x 25.4 cm
Object Name:
birth notification
Place made:
United States: Washington, Seattle
Associated Place:
United States: Washington, King
Japan: Nagasaki, Nagasaki
Date made:
1939
Subject:
Japanese Americans  Search this
Related event:
Great Depression  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Roger Shimomura
ID Number:
2016.3086.203
Nonaccession number:
2016.3086
Catalog number:
2016.3086.203
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-aabd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1812236

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