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Founding of the League; Deganawida tradition

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Translator:
Fenton, William Nelson  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Collection Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Buck, John Sr  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Translation of manuscript 1517ATranslation begins with page 34 as J.N.B. Hewitt's original translation stops at this point. Cf. #3478 for pages 1-23 typed.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.1517-B; -C
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1517, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1517 Dekanawida Tradition of the Founding of the League
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33ddc3870-4d5c-4cdd-b49f-25153a0b09ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1517-ref2

Who are these people anyway? / Chief Irving Powless Jr. of the Onondaga Nation ; edited by Lesley Forrester

Author:
Powless, Irving  Search this
Editor:
Forrester, Lesley  Search this
Subject:
Powless, Irving  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 189 pages ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
New York (State)
United States
Date:
2016
Topic:
Iroquois philosophy  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Onondaga Indians--History  Search this
Indians, Treatment of--History  Search this
White people--Relations with Indians  Search this
Indian philosophy  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1059426

Native Americans

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The focus for the 1975 Native Americans program was the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy: the Mohawk, Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora, tribal groups whose government had been in effect for hundreds of years and served as a model for our federal system. The Grand Council of the Iroquois Confederacy directly influenced the creation of the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the U.S. Never before had the Native American Festival presentation been so closely interrelated to American history.

The Grand Council was discussed in workshops in the Learning Center where a history in photographs was on display. Members of the Iroquois are a major force in the lacrosse industry - from creating sticks to providing the athletes. Lacrosse was played in competition in the Native Americans area daily, and lacrosse stick making was part of the craft demonstrations along with silversmithing, wood and bone carving, basketry, and beadwork. Iroquois singing and dancing took place daily. Friday evenings, visitors were invited to participate in social dancing. The friendship dance, round dance, rabbit dance and stomp dance were demonstrated.

Native American food that was demonstrated and sampled included fry bread, corn and sassafras tea. Festival presentations traced the role of maize from crop through harvest; from food preparation in soups and breads, to the use of husks by craftspeople in toys, dolls and ceremonial masks.

In the Learning Center participants from various other Eastern Indian tribes recounted their influence on European settlers, beginning in 1620 when the Wampanoag tribe welcomed the Pilgrims (greeting them in English), provided food for them during the first difficult winter on the New England coast, and then shared the first Thanksgiving. Narragansett representatives spoke about the architectural contributions and history of their people. The Passamaquoddy from Maine, known for their intricate quill work and importance to the early settlers as trappers and fishers, also discussed their role in American history.

Other Native Americans who participated in discussions were from the Shinnecock tribe of Long Island, New York; Indian Mountain Lookout Intertribal Native Americans, New York; the Lumbee, Haliwa and Coharie from North Carolina; Catawba from South Carolina; Tunica-Biloxi of Louisiana; Chippewa of Wisconsin; and Potowatomi of Michigan. These participants were all members of the Coalition of Eastern Native Americans (CENA), an organization whose purpose is to identify and assist in the socio-economic and organizational development of Eastern Native Americans. CENA includes non-reservation, urban and federally recognized tribes and groups.

Lucille Dawson served as program coordinator, assisted by Thomas Kavanagh. The multi-year program was shaped by the Native Americans Advisory Group, including Alfonso Ortiz, Louis Bruce, Dell Hymes, Rayna Green, Clydia Nahwooksy, William Sturtevant, and Barre Toelken.
Participants:
Six Nations, Iroquois participants

Cayuga

Sam Crogan, lacrosse player

Alisa Mike, dancer

Nancy Poodry, bead worker

Bill Printup, lacrosse player

Dean Printup, lacrosse player

Elwood Printup, lacrosse player

Gene Printup, lacrosse player

Elizabeth Silversmith, cook

Mohawk

Mary Adams, basket maker

Mike Adams, basket maker

Elwood Greene, silversmith

David Hill, lacrosse player

Stanley Hill, bone carver

Woody Hill, dancer

Allan Jock, dancer

Marshall Joseph, wood carver

Isabelle Skye, cornhusk worker

Beatrice Thomas, dancer

Russell Thomas, dancer

Margaret Terrence, basket maker

Cam Wilson, bone carver

Marge Wilson, cook

Wanda Wilson, dancer

Oneida

Irving Chrisjohn, cornhusk worker

Mrs. Chrisjohn, cornhusk worker

Onondaga

Paula Babcock, dancer

Kevin Hill, lacrosse player

Martin Jimmerson, dancer

Angie Miller, dancer

Huron Miller, singer, discussant, Buffalo, New York

Barry Powless, dancer

Irving Powless, Sr., 1906-1985, discussant

Irving Powless, Jr., discussant

Nancy Powless, dancer

Jacob Skye, dancer

Perry Williams, dancer

Debbie Williams, dancer

Ruby Williams, dancer

Guy Williams, dancer

Tim Williams, dancer

Seneca

Herbert Buck, singer

Lydia Buck, dancer

Sadie Buck, dancer

Herb Dowdy, 1919-1990, singer

Fidelia George, dancer

Helen Harris, dancer

Linda Harris, dancer

Steve Harris, dancer

Elijah Harris, dancer

Diosa Hill, dancer

Marty Jamerson, dancer

Darwin John, dancer

Edith John, cook

Coleen Johnny John, dancer

Kevin Johnny John, dancer

Mike Johnny John, dancer

Richard Johnny John, singer

Vera Miller, cook, bead worker

Ken Poodry, cradleboard maker

Eddie Scott, dancer

Elmer Shongo, 1929-1985, dancer, cook

Corbett Sundown, 1909-1992, discussant

Lloyd Thomas, 1946-, dancer

Marlene Thomas, dancer

Hazel Thompson, dancer

Phillip Thompson, dancer

Tuscarora

Joe Chrysler, lacrosse player

Orzey Cusick, lacrosse stick maker

Emma Greene, cook

Alvis Hewitt, 1931-1999, cook manager

Rick Hill, discussant

Nina Jacobs, dancer

Phillip Jacobs, lacrosse player

Bob Patterson, lacrosse player

Kevin Patterson, lacrosse stick maker

John Patterson, lacrosse stick maker

Helen Printup, cook

Mary Rickard, lacrosse stick maker

Ellene Rickard, lacrosse stick maker

Noreen Shongo, cook

Ron Smith, lacrosse player

Wilmer Wilson, 1925-2002, discussant

Coalition of Eastern Native Americans Participants

Aroostook Association

Terry Polchies, discussant

Catawba

Roger Trimnal, discussant

Chippewa

Dalores Baimbridge, discussant

Elizabeth Cadotte, discussant

Haliwa

Linda Lynch, discussant

Archibald Lynch, discussant

Hassanamisco

Louise Wilcox, discussant

Indian Mountain Lookout Inter-Tribal Native Americans

Asenith D. Vogt, discussant

Lumbee

Arlene Locklear, 1952-1979, discussant

June Sampson, discussant

W.J. Strickland, discussant

Micmac

Tom Battiste

Mohegan

Virginia Daamon, discussant

Narragansett

Alberta Wilcox, discussant

Mary Brown, discussant

Potawatomi

Joe Winchester, discussant

Leroy Wesaw, 1925-1994, discussant

Shinnecock

Eva Smith, discussant

Alice Franklin, discussant

Tunica Biloxi

Rose Marie Pierite, 1900-1987

Wampanoag

Komi Oweant Haynes, 1958-, discussant
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1975 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1975, Series 6
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1975 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk512b5c4dc-6be5-47cb-809b-74a908534241
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1975-ref549

MS 3941 Materials assembled by Hewitt for preparation of articles in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30 and for replies to inquires from the public

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Correspondent:
Bogaskie, F.  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Creator:
MacKinley, W. E. W., Captain  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- Bulletin 30  Search this
Society of American Indians  Search this
Brant, Joseph, 1742-1807  Search this
Old Smoke  Search this
Sayenqueraghta  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Williams, Eleazer  Search this
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Adirondack  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Black Mincqua  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Pekwanoket  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Maya  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Erie (archaeological)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Susquehannock (archaeological)  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Calendars
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Adirondack tribe (St Lawrence River) Old Manuscript Number 3553. Adoption Old Manuscript Number 4007. Refers to Algonquian method of counting -only; see Haas note 2/18/72; Old Manuscript Number 3864. "Alligewi"; Animism Old Manuscript Number 3867 and 2842-c, box 6. Blood Indians, origin of name; Brant, Joseph Old Manuscript Number 3874. Chippewa, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Chiefs, function and significance of Old Manuscript Number 2842-c, box 6. Delaware tribe, New Jersey area claimed by Old Manuscript Number 3866. Detroit River, tribes near; Ekaentoton Island-- see Ste. Marie Island Environment (Bulletin 30 draft by O. T. Mason) Old Manuscript Number 4007. Erie, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Erie and Black Mincqua tribes Old Manuscript Number 3586. [Eskimo] Arctic tribes, leaving elderly and sick people to die Old Manuscript Number 3668. Family, Bulletin 30 draft and notes Old Manuscript Number 4011 and 2842-c, box 6. Grand River (Tinaatoua), name of; Hebrew calendar; Hewitt, list of Bulletin 30 articles by Old Manuscript Number 4066. Hoboken, origin of name; Iroquois, "On the Northern and Eastern Territorial Limits of the Iroquoian people, in the 16th Century," and Algonquian tribes, at Chaleur Bay. Iroquois at Gulf of St Lawrence and Bay of Gaspe Old Manuscript Number 3625.
Iroquois, location of Six Nations tribes reservations Old Manuscript Number 3763. Iroquois false face; Iroquois preparation of corn ("as food") Old Manuscript Number 4009. Iroquoian early dress Old Manuscript Number 3660. Iroquoian "Gachoi" tribe, identity of (Correspondence with F. Bogaskie.) Old Manuscript Number 3816. Iroquoian moon names and concept of time; Iroquoian social organization, and place name-name origins; "Man," Iroquoian term for Old Manuscript Number 3781. Iroquoian towns Old Manuscript Number 4006. Kentucky, meaning of the word; Kentucky, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3840. Lenni Lenape, meaning of the word; Logstown-- see Shenango Old Manuscript Number 3773. Lost Ten Tribes as American Indians Old Manuscript Number 3670. Mayan linguistic family and other Mayan linguistic notes including Quiche and Tepehuanan notes Old Manuscript Number 3473. Mexico: idols, sacrifices, etc. Old Manuscript Number 3807. Mexico: Indian languages. Letter from Captain W.E.W. MacKinley Old Manuscript Number 3778. Missouri, Indian village, location of Old Manuscript Number 3944. Mohawk land near Lake Champlain; Mohawk grammar; Montour family, notes for Bulletin 30 Old Manuscript Number 3812. Muskhogean social organization. Letter from J. J. Harrison. Old Manuscript Number 3891. New England tribes Old Manuscript Number 3513.
Niagara, origin of name; "Old Smoke"-- see Sayenqueraghta Old Manuscript Number 3949. Onondaga tribe, text of memorial inscription to, and correspondence Old Manuscript 4391 and 4271- box 1 (part.) Ontwaganha or Toaganha, origin and meaning of name Old Manuscript Number 3864. Owego, meaning of town's name; Pekwanoket tribe (Cape Cod); Pemaquid, Abnaki word and its origin Old Manuscript Number 89. Piasa bird- pictograph formerly near present Alton, Illinois. Article is similar to that by Cyrus Thomas, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. Old Manuscript Number 3981. Potawatomi, notes on the name Old Manuscript Number 4034. Potawatomi Green Corn Dance; Roanoke, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3998. Sacagawea, spelling of; St Ignace, 3 settlements (Michigan); St Marie Island or Ekaentoton Island; Sauk, Bulletin 30 article and galley proof, notes Old Manuscript Number 3764. Sayenqueraghta or "Old Smoke" (correspondence with Alanson Skinner) Old Manuscript Number 3949. Scalping Old Manuscript Number 4025. Shenango and Logstown Old Manuscript Number 3773. Sioux, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3624. Society of American Indians, resolutions by thanking General Hugh L. Scott, Fr. Anselm Webber and others Old Manuscript Number 3868. Susquehanna, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3707. Tacoma, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3470.
Thunderbird, notes on Old Manuscript Number 3552. Tinaatoa-- see Grand River; Toronto, origin of name; Tuscarora villages Old Manuscript Number 3998. Wampum Old Manuscript Number 3998. War club with inscription; West Virginia panhandle tribes Old Manuscript Number 3945. Williams, Eleazer Old Manuscript Number 3998. Women, status of Old Manuscript Number 3566. Wyandots (Huron) List of tribes of which Wyandots of today are constituted. Old Manuscript Number 3774.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3941
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Inheritance -- Adoption  Search this
Religion -- animism  Search this
Names, tribal -- Blood  Search this
Names, tribal -- Chippewa  Search this
Government and politics -- chiefs  Search this
Land tenure and claims -- Delaware  Search this
Names, tribal -- Erie  Search this
Death and mortuary customs -- abandoning elderly and sick  Search this
Marriage and family  Search this
Names, place -- Grand River  Search this
Jews  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Land tenure and claims  Search this
Masks -- False Face  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Food preparation -- Corn  Search this
Time -- concepts  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements  Search this
Names, place -- Kentucky  Search this
Names, tribal -- Leni Lenape  Search this
Muskogean Indians  Search this
Names, place -- Niagara  Search this
Names, place -- Owego  Search this
Abenaki Indians  Search this
Names, tribal -- Pemaquid  Search this
Pictographs -- Piasa bird  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Dance -- Green Corn  Search this
Names, tribal -- Potawatomi  Search this
Names, place -- Roanoke  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements -- St Ignace  Search this
Religion -- Mexico  Search this
Sacrifices -- Mexico  Search this
War -- Scalping  Search this
Indian interest groups -- Society of American Indians  Search this
Names, tribal -- Susquehanna  Search this
Names, tribal -- Tacoma  Search this
Folklore -- Thunderbird  Search this
Names, place -- Toronto  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Trade, gifts and other exchanges -- Wampum  Search this
Weapons -- war club  Search this
Marriage and family -- women, status of  Search this
Names, place -- Hoboken  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Honniasant  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Susquehannock  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Calendars
Citation:
Manuscript 3941, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3941
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34e5d46f4-47a1-44d7-8e6d-d282280cd7f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3941

Chiefs of the Six Nations in Council explaining their wampum belts

Creator:
Edy, James N.  Search this
Names:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Deyonhehgon, Mohawk  Search this
Hahriron, Onondaga  Search this
Hill, Isaac  Search this
Johnson, George H. M.  Search this
Johnson, John Smoke  Search this
Johnson, Seneca  Search this
Kanonkeredawih, Seneca  Search this
Kawenenseronton  Search this
Sakayenkwaraton, Mohawk  Search this
Skanawatih, Onondaga  Search this
Snow, Joseph, Onondaga  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Mohawk  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
Sep 14 1871
Scope and Contents:
Beauchamp, page 417, records that the photograph was procured by Horatio Hale in September 1871. He quotes a note by Horatio Hale on the back of the photograph used in his article: "This picture represents the chiefs of the Six Nations, on their reserve near Brantford in Canada, explaining their wampum belts. (Sept. 14, 1871). These chiefs were [left to right]: (1) Joseph Snow (Hahriron), Onondaga chief; (2) George H. M. Johnson (Deyonhehgon), Mohawk chief and government interpreter. Son of Number 4; (3) John Buck (Skanawatih), Onondaga chief and wampum keeper: (4) John Smoke Johnson (Sakayenkwaraton), Mohawk chief and speaker of the council; (5) Isaac Hill (Kawenenseronton), Onondaga chief and fire keeper; (6) Seneca Johnson (Kanonkeredawih), Seneca chief."

All are seated except John Smoke Johnson. All are holding wampum belts and all are wearing contemporary occidental dress, except that Seneca Johnson is wearing a turban-like headgear, probably a finger-woven sash, wrapped around his head.
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer: James N. Edy, Brantford, Ontario.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.9384300

OPPS NEG.961 C 2
Local Note:
Original cabinet photo by James N. Edy, Brantford, Ontario is owned by Musee du Seminaire, Quebec (Album 6-G, page 109). This cabinet has the notations by Hale on the reverse. Beauchamp's quotation above varies slightly--Indian names are added, the exact day in September noted and name of #6 is rearranged. Copy of Hale's notation is in photo information file. Xerox copy of cabinet provided by W. C. Sturtevant.--PJF 7/78
Black and white copy film negative
Topic:
Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Edy, James N.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37b6f6179-463d-4d5c-a386-fb07db8fee35
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9368

Stephen Gambaro photographs of Native American artists and public figures

Creator:
Gambaro, Stephen  Search this
Names:
Billedeaux, Dwight  Search this
Biss, Earl, 1947-1998  Search this
Deer, Ada Elizabeth  Search this
DesJarlais, Larry J.  Search this
Echohawk, Brummett T., 1922-2006  Search this
Harris, LaDonna  Search this
McCarty Hessing, Valjean, 1934-  Search this
Peña, Jose Encarnacion, San Ildefonso  Search this
Runnels, Vic  Search this
Seabourn, Bert D., 1931-  Search this
West, W. Richard (Walter Richard), 1912-1996  Search this
Extent:
4 Prints (halftone)
41 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1976-1984
Scope and Contents note:
Portraits of Native American artists, craftspeople, activists, and leaders from Stephen Gambaro's photography exhibits: "The Indian, the Animal, and the Land," 1976; "Indian Artists," 1977; and "Shadows Caught: Images of Native Americans," 1984.

Individuals pictured include: Brummett Echohawk, Pawnee; Archie Blackowl, Cheyenne; Bert Seabourn, Cherokee; LaDonna Harris, Comanche; W. Richard West, Sr., Southern Cheyenne; Ada Deer, Menominee; George Watchetaker, Comanche; King Kuka, Blackfeet; Earl Biss, Crow; Larry J. DesJarlais Jr., Turtle Mountain Chippewa; Encarnacion Pena, San Ildefonso; Valjean McCarty Hessing, Choctaw; Allan Hauser, Apache; Victor H. Runnels, Oglala; Sarah McCray, Navajo; Marian Wolf, Kiowa; Dwight Billedeaux, Blackfeet; Elsie Peshlakai, Navajo; Johnny Tiger Jr., Muscogee; John Kaskaske, Kickapoo; Linda Russell, Apache-Pawnee; Stephen Gonyea, Onondaga Iroquois; Naomi and Kathy Gonyea, Seneca Iroquois; and John, Eric, and Tanya Parker, Choctaw.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stephen Gambaro is a professional photographer and former Chief of Rehabilitation Services for the Washington, DC, government. He and his wife, a Cherokee sculptor, operate an Native American art gallery in DC. Gambaro's photographs largely depict Native friends, artists, and craftsmen whom his gallery represents, as well as his travels to Native communities around the United States.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80-37, NAA ACC 84-19
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The exhibition catalog for "Indian Artists" in 1977 was donated with parts of this collection in 1980. It has been relocated to the National Anthropological Archives Reference Files.
Additional photographs by Stephen Gambaro can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot R80-33.
Jose Encarnacion Pena's painting entitled "Spotted Pumpkin Dance," collected by Gambaro for the "Shadows Caught" exhibit, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7429.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 80-37, Stephen Gambaro photographs of Native American artists and public figures, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.80-37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e0e75239-2784-4099-bd0e-9883f231f6b2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-80-37

MS 648 Extinction of available candidates for the Council

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 648
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 648, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS648
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw348a7e087-5c23-4371-8c83-481bf42150d9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms648
Online Media:

MS 654 The power of a chief by which the League is maintained

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
19 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 654
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 654, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS654
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c4e6dadb-4ee3-4a67-9843-bb98975c7d63
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms654

MS 662 The foundation and purpose of the council fire of the league

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
19 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917, 1923
Scope and Contents:
Also typed copy- 8 pages. (1917) and 2 carbons.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 662
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 662, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS662
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3af73b53f-70ed-4fd1-931c-4d51d8ffe79f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms662

MS 663-a The law for settling murder by federal chief or war chief

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
35 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917-1929
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 663-a
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Murder -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 663-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS663A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c47b271c-166c-4e9d-9a99-c32377f19f4e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms663a

MS 484 The law governing the behavior of federal chiefs

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Buck, Charles Jr  Search this
Extent:
32 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917-1937
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 484
Local Note:
See Number 470- same.
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 484, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS484
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39378bdb2-d68f-4b14-8a20-666f8922c88c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms484
Online Media:

MS 609 Laws Governing the Election of the Federal Chiefs, and Suffrage, Status, and Descent of Blood

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Buck, John Sr, Chief  Search this
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Extent:
15 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1929
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 609
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 609, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS609
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f3c0dac1-f1c5-48f6-8081-800dcd7eb532
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms609
Online Media:

Copy of James N. Edy photograph of Chiefs of the Six Nations explaining their wampum belts

Creator:
Edy, James N.  Search this
Collector:
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Extent:
1 Copy print
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
1871
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of a copy of a studio portrait of Onondaga, Mohawk, and Seneca Chiefs with wampum belts, made on September 14, 1871, for Horatio Hale. Includes Joseph Snow (Hahriron), Onondaga Chief; George H. M. Johnson (Deyonhehgon), Mohawk chief, government interpreter and son of John Smoke Johnson; John Buck (Skanawatih), Onondaga chief and hereditary keeper of the wampum; John Smoke Johnson (Sakayenkwaraton), Mohawk chief and speaker of the council; Isaac Hill (Kawenenseronton), Onondaga chief and fire keeper; John Seneca Johnson (Kanonkeredawih), Seneca chief.
Biographical/Historical note:
Horatio Emmons Hale (1817-1896) was an American-Canadian philologist, ethnologist, author, and businessman who studied Native American languages. He published the Iroquois Book of Rites in 1883, which documented the history and rituals of the Iroquois Confederacy based on interpretations of the group's wampum belts. In September 1871, he requested that six Iroquois chiefs, with whom he had worked on the wampum belts, come to the Brantford, Ontario, studio of James N. Edy, where this photograph was made.

Hale later sent the photograph to his colleagues with variations on the following inscription: "The wampum belts were explained to me on the reserve, at the residence of Chief G. H. M. Johnson; and at my request the chiefs afterwards came with me to Brantford, where the original photograph . . . was taken.--H. Hale, Clinton, Ont." The photograph from which this copy print was made originally belonged to J. N. B. Hewitt.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-58
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional James N. Edy photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4751 and the BAE historical negatives.
Vocabularies and correspondence by Horatio Hale can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7235, MS 7236, MS 4558, MS 772-c, MS 4797, MS 4800, MS 7439, MS 7440, MS 7441, MS 3436, MS 1072, the Bureau of American Ethnology Letters Received, and the J.C. Pilling Papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Wampum  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 86-58, Copy of James N. Edy photograph of Chiefs of the Six Nations explaining their wampum belts, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.86-58
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3427c7072-a357-4361-bfed-1999e201a3a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-86-58
Online Media:

MS 1427 Seneca tradition of the League

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917
Scope and Contents:
Marked by Mr Hewitt- "horribly mixed."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1427
Topic:
Government and politics -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1427, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1427
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f462951b-f6a8-4885-8061-a76337d6483c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1427
Online Media:

MS 1517 Dekanawida Tradition of the Founding of the League

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Buck, John Sr  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Extent:
189 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1899-1964
Scope and Contents:
MS 1517-a J.N.B. Hewitt's typed copy with carbon of MS 2316. MS 1517-b W.N. Fenton's partial translation of MS 1517-a. MS 1517-c W.N. Fenton's revised translation deposited to BAE for publication circa 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1517
Local Note:
Follows Number 2316.
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1517, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1517
See more items in:
MS 1517 Dekanawida Tradition of the Founding of the League
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw388289a5e-cfc1-4030-8472-5a9113287584
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1517

MS 1586 Women's Caucus proceedings

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923 ?
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1586
Topic:
Government and politics -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1586, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1586
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34a9a7aaa-2286-4fe9-9c55-7aa931d4d6b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1586
Online Media:

MS 1633 Dekanawida

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Dekanawidah, 16th century?  Search this
Hiawatha  Search this
Thadodaho  Search this
Extent:
78 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1900
Scope and Contents:
Synopsis of the history of the Five Nations Confederacy, with description of the rites and ceremonies used on the creation of their lords (or chiefs); also a tradition on the nativity of Dekanawideh, the framer of the League, and traditions on Hiawatha, Thadodaho, et al.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1633
Local Note:
Seems to be of Gibson-Hewitt version.
See Number 1518- a typed copy.
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- Iroquois  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1633, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1633
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36411790c-c217-4efe-9789-e37c704d59dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1633

MS 1636 Law of the woman chief

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Skye, David, Chief  Search this
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923-1928
Scope and Contents:
Also one sheet in text, by Chief David Skye (1924), and one entitled "The Revered Federal Goyane'r," (May 21, 1923).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1636
Local Note:
Notes probably on Number 894.
Other Title:
The Revered Federal Goyane'r
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1636, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1636
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a15e74ee-31c2-42ed-bd95-61324ca670c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1636
Online Media:

MS 894 The law of the woman chief

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1907
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 894
Local Note:
See also Number 1636.
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 894, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS894
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d995e091-725e-4311-825f-33cdfe6d6a05
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms894
Online Media:

MS 3550 Report of the Six Nations Council, Newtown, November 29, 1862

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
12 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1862
Scope and Contents:
Original and carbon copy. cf. Parker, 1916, 144 ff.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3550
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3550, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3550
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39e7fa030-0da8-4eb4-8241-7a90459e8c65
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3550

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