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Richard Becker Collection of Alex Bradford Gospel Music Materials

Creator:
Becker, Richard  Search this
Bradford, Alex  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheet music
Songbooks
Sound recordings
Theater programs
Parts (musical)
Playbills
Programs
Scripts (documents)
Clippings
Music
Date:
1950-1997, undated
undated
Summary:
Papers relating to Alex Bradford's career as a composer of Gospel music. Included among the materials are playbills, published sheet music, music manuscripts, gospel song books, play scripts, newspaper clippings and articles, and one LP record.
Scope and Contents:
Collection documents the career of Alex Bradford as a composer of gospel music. Most of the materials relate to the musical production Your Arms Too Short to Box with God and include playbills and an LP. There are music manuscripts, published sheet music, and three Gospel song books of Bradford's music. In addition, there are playscripts for some of Bradford's other musical productions. Newspaper clippings and magazine articles document the importance of Bradford's creative work to the African American community. Lastly, playbills from the League of New York Theatres and Producers Antoinette Perry Award (Tony Awards) ceremonies are also found among the materials. The materials are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Alex Bradford was a musical and theater legend who served as a bridge between the gospel and secular worlds in music and performance. Bradford was responsible for the rise and popularity of the mass gospel choir. Alex Bradford was born in Bessemer, Alabama in the late 1920s during an era of racial segregation. A racially motivated altercation eventually led his mother to send him to New York. Before he left Alabama, Bradford performed on stage and sang in various children's choirs. Bradford was a talented and influential gospel singer, performer, song writer, and stage play author. Richard Becker, an accomplished music producer, worked with the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. Becker's first collaboration with Bradford resulted in their production of Black Nativity, based on a play by Langston Hughes. Commissioned to do a second stage musical, the two created Your Arms Too Short to Box With God, based on the Biblical book of Matthew. Your Arms was the first musical production fully funded at the Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC. The musical made its debut on Broadway at the Lyceum Theatre, on December 22, 1976. The original cast included Al Green, Patti LaBelle, and newcomer Jennifer Holliday.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection NMAH.AC.0456

Martin and Morris Company Records NMAH.AC.0492

Wade in the Water Radio Series Collection NMAH.AC.0516

Program in African American Culture NMAH.AC.0408

Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 36: Folios and Songbooks NMAH.AC.0300

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Music NMAH.AC.0060

Duke Ellington Collection NMAH.AC.0301
Provenance:
Richard Becker donated the materials to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History in January 2001.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark.
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sheet music -- 20th century
Songbooks
Sound recordings -- 1930-1990
Theater programs -- 1970-1980
Parts (musical)
Playbills
Programs
Scripts (documents)
Clippings -- 20th century
Music -- Manuscripts
Citation:
Richard Becker Collection of Alex Bradford Gospel Music Materials, 1950-1997, undated Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0761
See more items in:
Richard Becker Collection of Alex Bradford Gospel Music Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0761

Martin and Morris Music Company Records

Creator:
Martin and Morris Music Company  Search this
Morris, Necey, Mrs.  Search this
Martin, Sallie  Search this
Morris, Kenneth, 1917-  Search this
Names:
O'Neal Twins, The  Search this
Rasberry (Raymond) Singers  Search this
Singing Caravan, The  Search this
Ward (Clara) Singers, The  Search this
Bowles, Lillian  Search this
Bradford, Alex  Search this
Cleveland, James  Search this
Crouch, Andrae  Search this
Extent:
8.7 Boxes (28 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Sheet music
Advertisements
Photographs
Songbooks
Correspondence
Business records
Date:
circa 1930-1985
Scope and Contents:
The Martin and Morris Company Records date from ca. 1930 to 1985 and document a neglected part of the American music historical record. The collection is particularly important because of the company's contributions to the field of Gospel music. According to Horace Boyer (in We'll Understand It Better....), Martin and Morris Music Company was the only music house that would publish compositions by others than themselves during the heyday years of Gospel music (ca.1945-1965). From the collection it can be noted also that Gospel music in the United States was a grass roots activity. Insight as to its development and distribution can be gained through study of the firm's records.

Some of the more well known musicians whose compositions were published by Martin and Morris include: William H. Brewster, Dorothy Love Coates, Lucie Campbell, Alex Bradford, Sam Cook, and Raymond Rasberry. In addition to the noted musicians, several lesser-known artists and members of churches and pastorates from around the nation were published by Martin and Morris and their music was distributed throughout the country and around the world.

Included in the collection are printed Gospel sheet music and music song books, photographs, and business records and ephemera that illustrate the company's business operations. The collection is arranged in six series.

Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE, 1941 1980, consists of four document boxes of materials dating from 1941 through 1980. The correspondence relates to arrangement, cost, and publication of songs from other music companies and individual composers and songwriters. Also included in this series is information pertaining to copyright of song titles, settlements of law suits, and other correspondence concerning disagreements between Martin and Morris and songwriters. The correspondence is arranged by year, and thereafter alphabetically by last names within each period.

Series 2: BUSINESS And FINANCIAL RECORDS, 1940 1978, documents the ordering, sales, publication, and distribution processes of the Martin and Morris Music Company, Inc. Consisting of four document and three flat storage boxes, the materials include bank books, order books, ledgers, and journals. Also contained within this series is one document box of materials consisting of agreements and contracts between Martin and Morris and others; copyright and permissions documents; company invoices; corporate income tax returns; financial statements, and business advertising ephemera, such as programs, calendars, catalogs, and receipts. Many of the books ledgers and journals in this series had bits of paper stuck between the pages. They have been filed in "ephemera folders" of the same number as the book. Items are tagged with information indicating original locations.

Series 3: SHEET MUSIC, ca. 1930 1985, consists of nine document boxes and one flat storage box of song sheets in octavo and full size. Dating from the 1940's to the 1980's, the series comprises music published by Martin and Morris (3A), music distributed by Martin and Morris (3B), and works produced and distributed by other publishers (3C and 3D). Materials are arranged by publisher. Under each publisher, materials are arranged alphabetically by title.

There are two boxes of song titles in Subseries 3A: Music Published by Martin and Morris. Some of the more recognizable ones are: Go down Moses, God be with you till we meet again, I couldn't hear nobody pray, I want two wings, I'm Climbin' Up on the rough side of the mountain, Lead me, guide me, No cross, no crown, Stand by me, What do you know about Jesus ( He's alright). Composers and performers include Doris Akers, Rev. James Cleveland, Thomas Dorsey, Mahalia Jackson, C. A. Tindley.

Subseries 3B: Publishers Distributed by Martin and Morris is in two parts. The first is arranged by publisher, including the Lion, Savgos, and Savoy companies. The second comprises miscellaneous copyright owners & publishers distributed by Martin and Morris. Many of the titles in this section were arranged by Kenneth Morris. Included in this group, which is arranged by title, are compositions performed by artists such as Alex Bradford, The Mighty Clouds of Joy, AndraÇ Crouche, Rev. J. G. Moore, The O'Neal Twins, The Raymond Rasberry Singers, and Donald Vails. Some illustrations of the above groups are included in this section.

Representative publishers included in Subseries 3C: Other Publishers are: Margaret Aikens, Boosey & Hawkes, Bowles, Lucie Campbell, Theodore Frye, Frazier-Cleveland, Roberta Martin, Sallie Martin, Chas. Pace, Theodore Presser, Raymond Rasberry, and Dorothy Akers. The oversized materials from this series appear in Box 9.

Subseries 3D: Miscellaneous Publishers consists of compositions from publishing companies that have three or less sheet music titles appearing in the Martin and Morris Music Company Records. The compositions are arranged alphabetically by title. Compositions range in date from 1930's to the 1980's and include works written or performed by such greats as the Clara Ward Singers, the Davis Sisters, The Golden Tone Singers, Cleavant Derricks, and Eddie Simmons. There are dozens of titles included in this section. Among them are: He is my all and all, If I can help somebody, and Rock of Ages. Also included in this section are Christmas titles and some pop tunes. The oversized materials from this series appear in Box 9 which consists of folio sized music. Among the composers is Thomas Dorsey. Donald Vails is numbered among the performers. Many of the pieces in folder 2 contain color illustrations. A listing of titles and composers also has been compiled for this folder and is included therein.

Series 4: SONG BOOKS, ca. 1930 1985, consists of 5 document boxes of song books in octavo and full size. Dating from the 1940's to the 1980's, the series comprises music published or distributed by Martin and Morris (4A), and works produced and distributed by other publishers (4B and 4C). Materials are arranged by publisher. When needed, under each publisher, materials are listed alphabetically by title. Composers and performers include Alex Bradford, James Cleveland, The Davis Sisters, Sallie Martin, The Roberta Martin Singers, The Singing Caravans, and The Clara Ward Singers. There are lesson books included in the boxes marked Other Publishers, and the final box of miscellaneous publishers includes lesson books for jazz and blues piano, and guitar. The oversized materials from this series appear in Box 9.

Series 4C: Miscellaneous Publishers, comprises miscellaneous copyright owners and publishers, and is arranged by title. It consists of song books from publishing companies that have three or less titles appearing in the Martin and Morris Music Company Records. The books are arranged in alphabetical order by publisher.

Series 5: ADVERTISING PHOTOGRAPHS, nd., contains photos that were often submitted for publication on the covers of music or flyers or other advertising materials distributed by the Martin and Morris Music Company. This half document box of materials includes photos of Kenneth Morris, Joe May, the Spirit of Memphis Quartette, the Raymond Rasberry Singers, the Singing Caravan, and Martin & Morris Studios' personnel, among others. Materials are undated, and some remain unidentified.

Series 6: ADVERTISING EPHEMERA, ca. 1935-1979, the final series of the Martin and Morris Music Company Records, also comprises one half document box. It contains ephemera such as newspaper clippings, calendars, publicity materials, and programs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1941-1980

Series 2: Business and Financial Records, 1940-1978

Series 3: Sheet Music, circa 1930-1985

Series 4: Song Books, circa 1930-1985

Series 5: Advertising Photographs, undated

Series 6: Advertising Ephemera, circa 1935-1979
Biographical / Historical:
Kenneth Morris (1917-1988) and Sallie Martin (1896-1988) were co-owners of the nation's oldest continuously-running Black Gospel music publishing company. Martin and Morris established the firm in Chicago, Illinois and it remained in operation from 1940 until the 1980's. Martin spent most of her time on the road with her singers advertising the compositions published by the firm. Morris remained in Chicago arranging, composing, and notating music. Along with his wife, Necie, Morris also handled most of the company's paperwork.

Kenneth Morris (8/28/1917-1988), Gospel music publisher, arranger, composer, and innovator, was born in New York. Although he began making music in church as a youngster, he commenced his professional career as a jazz musician. In high school, and later while studying at the Manhattan Conservatory of Music, the ever changing Kenneth Morris Band was often billed at hotels, restaurants, and lounges. He and others of his band traveled to the "Chicago World's Fair" in 1934 to perform dance music for the day and evening concerts. Because of the heavy schedule, Morris became ill, and was forced to leave the band. However, he decided to stay in Chicago, and there met members of the Gospel music community. Among them were Lillian Bowles and Charles Pace. He spent six years with Lillian Bowles Music House, and in 1940, partnered with Sallie Martin to form Martin and Morris Music Company.

Kenneth Morris' partner, Sallie Martin (11/20/1896-6/8/1988) was a noted Gospel musician as well. Born in Pittfield, Georgia, her mother was a traveling musician. After her mother's death (ca. 1912), Martin moved to Atlanta, then to Cleveland, Ohio (1917), and finally settled in Chicago, Illinois (1919). In each of these cities, she sang in church choirs. In 1932, she auditioned for and joined the Pilgrim Baptist Church chorus lead by Thomas Dorsey. And in 1933 she began traveling with Dorsey to help promote his songs. Together they founded the National Convention of Gospel Choirs and Choruses. Martin left Dorsey and toured briefly as a soloist. She partnered with Roberta Martin for a short time, then went on to form her own women's group (The Sallie Martin Singers). She continued with the group and in 1940 she joined Kenneth Morris to form Martin and Morris Music Company.

Martin retired from music in 1970 and sold her portion of the business to Morris in 1973. A pioneering Gospel musician, she was widely known through the tours made by the Sallie Martin Singers. Their performance style influenced musicians across the country and around the world. Among her students were Dinah Washington, Jessy Dixon, Delois Barrett Campbell, and Alex Bradford.

The Martin and Morris Music Company (1940-ca. 1988) was a long awaited "dream come true" for Sallie Martin. As a frequent attendee of the First Church of Deliverance, pastored by Reverend Clarence H. Cobb, Ms. Martin often relayed her desire to him. A popular minister known as "the preacher," Cobb hired Kenneth Morris as his choir director. Morris became a pioneering and innovative Gospel musician. He is noted for the introduction of the Hammond organ to the Gospel music sound. Sallie Martin often sang with Kenneth Morris's Choir. And Cobb persuaded Morris to go into business with Sallie Martin. Martin was a great natural talent, but had no formal music training. She needed a partner who could write and arrange music.

Morris bought out Martin in 1973. And about 1978, he acquired the Theodore Frye and the Roberta Martin catalogues. The Bowles and the Beatrice Brown catalogues were also added to the firm's inventory before Mr. Morris's passing. When he died, Martin and Morris Publishing was the only surviving Black Gospel sheet music distribution house in the nation. His widow continued the business for some time after his death. There was little interest in the company by other family members, and requests for materials were dropping off. With little help and lighter profits, in 1993 Necie Morris began packing up and disposing of the company's records. For more information see We'll Understand It Better By and By, Bernice Johnson Reagon, ed., 1992, SI Press. Clickhere to go to scope and content.
Provenance:
The collection's acquisition was facilitated through Dr. Bernice Johnson Reagon's long-time research on Gospel music. Among the contacts made in her research was the late Kenneth Morris. Dr. Reagon made it known to Chief Archivist, John Fleckner that the Morris family was clearing out the building which the firm had occupied since the 1940's. Mr. Fleckner made contact with Morris' widow, Mrs. Necie Morris, and selected the collection materials for the Museum during an August, 1993 visit to Chicago. Related objects, a large building sign and a banner advertisement, were acquired by the Division of Cultural History.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact Martin and Morris Music Company Records: Kenneth Morris, Jr., 913 Cordoba, University Park, IL 60466.

For performance rights contact Reginald Morris, 7400 S. Euclid Ave., Chicago, IL 60649 (773) 643-9492, e-mail: 4morreg@att.net

For clearance of Martin and Morris Music compositions on television contact Otubusin and Associates, Kristina Monkel, 77 W. Washington Blvd., #1204, Chicago, IL 60602 (312) 251-1480; e-mail: kristinamonkel@aol.com.
Topic:
Gospel music -- 1930-1990  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera -- 20th century
Sheet music
Advertisements -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Songbooks
Correspondence -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Citation:
Martin and Morris Music Company Records, ca. 1930-1985, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0492
See more items in:
Martin and Morris Music Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0492
Online Media:

Folk Song America: a 20th Century Revival [sound recording]

Producer:
Cohen, Norm 1936-  Search this
Performer:
Ball, Bentley  Search this
Robeson, Paul 1898-1976  Search this
Sandburg, Carl 1878-1967  Search this
McClintock, Harry K. (Harry Kirby) 1882-1957  Search this
Anderson, Marian 1897-1993  Search this
Kazee, Buell 1900-1976  Search this
Niles, John Jacob 1892-1980  Search this
Marais, Josef 1905-1978  Search this
Elliott, Jack 1931-  Search this
Seeger, Pete 1919-2014  Search this
Leadbelly 1885-1949  Search this
Lomax, John A (John Avery) 1867-1948  Search this
Guthrie, Woody 1912-1967  Search this
Dyer-Bennet, Richard  Search this
White, Josh  Search this
Ives, Burl 1909-1995  Search this
Travis, Merle  Search this
Stafford, Jo  Search this
Glazer, Joe  Search this
Hinton, Sam 1917-2009  Search this
Arkin, Alan  Search this
Schlamme, Martha  Search this
Brand, Oscar  Search this
Belafonte, Harry 1927-  Search this
Broonzy, Big Bill 1893-1958  Search this
McCurdy, Ed 1919-2000  Search this
Gooding, Cynthia  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Odetta 1930-2008  Search this
Ritchie, Jean  Search this
West, Harry 1926-2014  Search this
West, Jeanie 1933-  Search this
Dane, Barbara  Search this
Faier, Billy  Search this
Wood, Hally  Search this
McGhee, Brownie 1915-1996  Search this
Terry, Sonny  Search this
Cotten, Elizabeth  Search this
Gibson, Bob, vocalist  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Houston, Cisco  Search this
MacColl, Ewan  Search this
Lloyd, A. L (Albert Lancaster) 1908-1982  Search this
Van Ronk, Dave  Search this
Elliott, Jack 1931-  Search this
Makem, Tommy  Search this
Seeger, Peggy 1935-  Search this
Hurt, Mississippi John 1894-1966  Search this
Dylan, Bob 1941-  Search this
Koerner, John  Search this
West, Hedy  Search this
Rush, Tom  Search this
Paxton, Tom 1937-  Search this
Watson, Doc  Search this
White, Clarence 1944-1973  Search this
White, Roland  Search this
Tyson, Ian 1933 September 25-  Search this
Tyson, Sylvia 1940-  Search this
Sky, Patrick  Search this
Fariña, Mimi  Search this
Fariña, Richard  Search this
Sainte-Marie, Buffy  Search this
Ochs, Phil  Search this
Sorrels, Rosalie  Search this
Jabbour, Alan  Search this
Carter, Maybelle 1909-1978  Search this
Carter, Sara 1898-1979  Search this
Collins, Judy 1939-  Search this
Muldaur, Maria  Search this
Goodman, Steve 1948-1984  Search this
Ringer, Jim  Search this
Weissberg, Eric 1939-2020  Search this
Peter, Paul, and Mary (Musical group)  Search this
Ostroushko, Peter  Search this
De Dannan (Musical group)  Search this
Jubilee Singers  Search this
American Chamber Music Group  Search this
Golden Gate Quartet  Search this
Weavers (Musical group)  Search this
Tarriers (Musical group)  Search this
Kossoy Sisters  Search this
Gateway Singers  Search this
Kingston Trio  Search this
Bud and Travis  Search this
Greenbriar Boys  Search this
New Lost City Ramblers  Search this
Limeliters (Musical group)  Search this
Tokens (Musical group)  Search this
Flatt and Scruggs (Musical group)  Search this
Clancy Brothers  Search this
Freedom Singers  Search this
Rooftop Singers  Search this
Kentucky Colonels  Search this
Byrds (Musical group)  Search this
Jim Kweskin Jug Band  Search this
Simon and Garfunkel  Search this
Canned Heat (Musical group)  Search this
Hollow Rock String Band  Search this
Fish (Musical group)  Search this
Nitty Gritty Dirt Band  Search this
Taj Mahal (Musician)  Search this
Highwoods String Band  Search this
Sweet Honey in the Rock (Musical group)  Search this
Magpie (Musical group)  Search this
Rude Girls (Musical group)  Search this
Creator:
Davis, Gary 1896-1972  Search this
Physical description:
4 sound discs : digital ; 4 3/4 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
South Africans  Search this
British  Search this
Canadians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Irish  Search this
African American  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Jews  Search this
Scottish Americans  Search this
Irish Americans  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
Alabama
Kentucky
South Africa
New York
Louisiana
Texas
Oklahoma
Maryland
Illinois
Chicago (Ill.)
Pennsylvania
California
Mississippi
North Carolina
Washington (D.C.)
England
Great Britian
Tennessee
Ireland
Minnesota
Massachusetts
Canada
Alberta
Idaho
Virginia
Hawaii
Takoma Park (Md.)
Vermont
Date:
1991
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
Folk songs  Search this
Outlaw songs  Search this
Appalachian Region, Southern--Songs and music  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Blues (Music)  Search this
Cowboys  Search this
Topical songs  Search this
Calypso (Music)  Search this
Bawdy songs  Search this
Jewish  Search this
Bluegrass music  Search this
String band  Search this
British Isles--Songs and music  Search this
Sea songs  Search this
Ireland--Songs and music  Search this
Rock music  Search this
Jug band music  Search this
Reels (Music)  Search this
Banjo  Search this
Appalachian dulcimer  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Harmonica  Search this
Mandolin  Search this
Violin  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Nuclear weapons  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Local number:
Smithsonian Collection of Recordings 046
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only; Stored with LPs
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_338128

Smithsonian/Folkways American Roots Collection [sound recording]

Liner notes:
Seeger, Anthony  Search this
Performer:
Williams, Mary Lou 1910-1981  Search this
Guthrie, Woody 1912-1967  Search this
Leadbelly 1885-1949  Search this
Seeger, Pete 1919-2014  Search this
Hopkins, Lightnin' 1912-1982  Search this
Ashley, Clarence 1895-1967  Search this
Watson, Doc  Search this
Houston, Cisco  Search this
Johnson, Lonnie  Search this
McGhee, Brownie 1915-1996  Search this
Terry, Sonny  Search this
Cohen, John 1932-  Search this
Seeger, Mike 1933-2009  Search this
Monroe, Bill 1911-1996  Search this
Cotten, Elizabeth  Search this
Ochs, Phil  Search this
Williams, Lucinda  Search this
Seeger, Peggy 1935-  Search this
Van Ronk, Dave  Search this
White, Josh  Search this
Lanchester, Michelle  Search this
Wallin, Doug 1919-2000  Search this
Wallin, Jack 1932-2005  Search this
Williams, Big Joe 1903-1982  Search this
Sykes, Roosevelt  Search this
Country Gentlemen (Musical group)  Search this
New Lost City Ramblers  Search this
Sweet Honey in the Rock (Musical group)  Search this
Creator:
Davis, Gary 1896-1972  Search this
Physical description:
1 sound disc : digital ; 4 3/4 in
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Musical sound recordings
Place:
United States
New York
Texas
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Louisiana
Mississippi
Houston (Tex.)
Tennessee
Virginia
Kentucky
Washington (D.C.)
Ohio
Austin (Tex.)
England
Great Britian
Sodom (N.C.)
Illinois
Chicago (Ill.)
Missouri
Date:
1996
Topic:
Folk songs  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Blues (Music)  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Appalachian Region, Southern--Songs and music  Search this
String band  Search this
Bluegrass music  Search this
Topical songs  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
British Isles--Songs and music  Search this
Ballads  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Banjo  Search this
Mandolin  Search this
Harmonica  Search this
Violin  Search this
Piano  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Labor unions  Search this
Labor  Search this
Struggle  Search this
Sacco-Vanzetti Trial, Dedham, Mass., 1921  Search this
Local number:
FW-COMM-CD-40061
Smithsonian Folkways 40061
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only; No Duplication
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, 1939-1986 228428
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_347002

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