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Stained Glass Window Reproduction, Hall of Tools, Museum of History and Technology

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Photographic Services Division  Search this
Subject:
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)  Search this
Cathedrale de Chartres  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 10 x 8;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1964
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B45_F17_002]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright <U+0080>́<U+0093> United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_402770

[Pulborough Church]: part of the main façade of the Parish Church of St. Mary in Pulborough, West Sussex.

Photographer:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Sears & Wendell  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Collection Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (black-and-white, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
England -- West Sussex -- Pulborough
United Kingdom -- England -- West Sussex -- Pulborough
Date:
1908.
General:
A different image of the church appeared in C. Howard Walker and Thomas W. Sears, Parish Churches of England (Boston and New York: Roger and Manson Company, 1915), plate 24.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Church buildings  Search this
Doorways  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS, Item ENG082001
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection / Series 1: Photographic Images / International / England / ENG082: Sussex -- Pulborough Church
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-srs-ref2157

First Reading Room, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Armajani, Siah 1939-2020  Search this
Medium:
Balsa wood, glass, paint, and stained wood
Type:
Sculptures-Model
Sculptures
Date:
1977
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Object--Furniture--Table  Search this
Object--Furniture--Chair  Search this
Recreation--Leisure--Reading  Search this
Control number:
IAS 87610018
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_293505

Charles J. Connick papers

Creator:
Connick, Charles J., 1875-1945  Search this
Names:
Connick, Charles J., 1875-1945  Search this
Connick, Mabel Coombs, 1881-1957  Search this
Extent:
9.3 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 4 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1901-1949
Scope and Contents:
Biographical materials, correspondence, notebooks, diaries, writings, sketches and drawings, photographs, and printed material.
REEL 983: Four notebooks, 1910-1935, containing descriptions of stained glass windows in Europe; biographical information; a typescript of an article on Connick, "The Education of an Artist in Brother Sun's Workshop"; and three photographs, one of Connick's Boston studio, one of his home in Newtonville, Mass, and one of a Christmas card design, 1930.
REEL 2802: Biographical sketch; photographs, including five of Connick at work, four of others at work at his studio, and one of a bust of Connick sculpted by Frederick Allen in front of one of his windows; and a reprint of Connick's article "Stained Glass Windows: The Craft."
REELS 3947-3948: Correspondence, undated and 1918-1946; a transcript of an interview with Connick by V. S. Bright, May 10, 1945; writings by Connick on foreign stained glass, undated; 2 sets of lecture notes; an "In Memorium Booklet" for Connick; writings by others, three sketchbooks and loose sketches by Connick; clippings, 1916- 1949; programs and brochures relating to Connick, 1923-1940; printed material, 1901-1945; photographs of Connick, undated and 1902; and photographs of works of art.
UNMICROFILMED: Biographical material containing notes about the Connick family written by the Coombs relatives; address books; a daily diary with notes by Connick, passports and visas; correspondence, 1908-1945, primarily between Charles and his wife Mabel while Connick traveled throughout the United States working on stained glass projects in churches, and in which he discusses his book "Adventures in Light and Color," correspondence with his publisher about his book; letters of condolence, 1945-1946, to Mabel; 11 sketchbooks with sketches done in watercolor, colored pencil, and pencil (the sketchbooks are called "Telephone sketchbooks," done while on the telephone); Christmas cards designed by Connick; photographs of Connick, Connick with Mabel, and family, and friends, travel photos from trips to Europe; and printed material.
Correspondents include: Robert Peters Aldrich, Frank Buxton, Paul Child, Ralph Adams Cram, Peter Dyer, Malvina Hoffman, Paul Kimball, Bill and Vaugh Redfern Mason (Connick's nephews), Joseph Reynolds, Jr., Elizabeth Madox Roberts, Winfield Scott, Harlow Shapley, Orin Skinner, Gilbert Symons, John Weber, and Stark Young.
Biographical / Historical:
Stained glass artist; Boston, Mass. Opened Charles J. Connick Studios, Boston, Mass. in 1913. Revived techniques and designs of English and French designers of the Middle Ages. He worked primarily in ecclesiastical designs. He married Mabel Robinson Coombs in 1920. After his death in 1945, the firm was headed by Orin Skinner, and renamed Charles J. Connick Associates.
Related Materials:
Charles J. Connick Studios (later Associates) records located at: Boston Public Library.
Provenance:
Material on reel 983 was lent for microfilming August 1975 by Evelyn Coombs Pennegar, sister of Mabel Coombs Connick, wife of Charles Connick. In February 1977 she donated additional papers which were filmed on reels 3947-3948. The 12 items on reel 2802 were donated by Connick's successor at Charles J. Connick Associates, Orin E. Skinner. The unmicrofilmed material was donated by Richard B. Coombs, nephew of Mabel, August - December 1985.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Stained glass artists -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Church architecture -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.connchar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-connchar

Ture Bengtz papers

Creator:
Bengtz, Ture, 1907-1973  Search this
Names:
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Date:
1935-1978
Scope and Contents:
Sketchbooks, cassette recording, biographical information, photographs, writings and notes, correspondence, sketches, and printed material.
REELS 2541-2542: 37 sketchbooks, 1935-1973, containing ink and pencil sketches. Some of the sketchbooks are annotated.
UNMICROFILMED: A resume; letters; 2 photographs, one of Bengtz at work in his studio and one of a stained glass he designed; writings and notes, including annual reports of curriculum at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston School; watercolor studies for stained glass windows and drawings for a television program; business records concerning the Museum of Fine Arts School and the airing of the television program "The Art School of the Air in New England, Bengtz on Drawing" on WGBH Channel 2, 1956 and concerning the Jomala (Finland) Church stained glass window project; 2 catalogs; a book, THE LITHOGRAPHS OF TURE BENGTZ; a cassette of a lecture given by Bengtz at a school in Needham, Mass.; and miscellaneous printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Museum director, stained glass artist, lecturer; Boston, Mass. Born in Finland; studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School where he subsequently taught.
Provenance:
The unmicrofilmed material was donated 1980 by Lillian E. Bengtz, Ture Bengtz's widow. She lent the sketchbooks on reels 2541-2542 for microfilming in 1982 and subsequently donated them to the Boston Public Libary, print department.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Stained glass artists -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Topic:
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.bengture
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bengture

[Thompson Garden]: front window of house with stained glass panel in heather below.

Photographer:
Engle, Corliss Knapp  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Thompson Garden (Manchester, California)
United States of America -- California -- Mendocino County -- Manchester
Date:
1996 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- California -- Manchester  Search this
Heather  Search this
Entrances  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Cypress  Search this
Houses  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item CA375002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / California / CA375: Manchester -- Thompson Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref25025

[Thompson Garden]: closeup of stained glass panel in heather.

Photographer:
Engle, Corliss Knapp  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Thompson Garden (Manchester, California)
United States of America -- California -- Mendocino County -- Manchester
Date:
1996 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- California -- Manchester  Search this
Heather  Search this
Perennials  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item CA375003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / California / CA375: Manchester -- Thompson Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref25026

[St. Thomas More Rosary Garden]: the checkerboard limestone and grass walkway leading to the Rosary Garden.

Photographer:
Russell, Phyllis  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
St. Thomas More Rosary Garden (Paducah, Kentucky)
United States of America -- Kentucky -- McCracken -- Paducah
Date:
2016 Jul.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Church gardens  Search this
Gardens -- Kentucky -- Paducah.  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Hollies  Search this
Hydrangeas  Search this
Entrances  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item KY061003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Kentucky / KY061: Paducah -- St. Thomas More Rosary Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref7841

[St. Thomas More Rosary Garden]: three benches in the church garden were included to encourage meditiation or prayer.

Photographer:
Russell, Phyllis  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
St. Thomas More Rosary Garden (Paducah, Kentucky)
United States of America -- Kentucky -- McCracken -- Paducah
Date:
2016 Jul.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Church gardens  Search this
Gardens -- Kentucky -- Paducah.  Search this
Espaliers  Search this
Benches  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item KY061008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Kentucky / KY061: Paducah -- St. Thomas More Rosary Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref7843

[St. Thomas More Rosary Garden]: the bronze sculpture and stained glass window at the north end of the Rosary Garden.

Photographer:
Russell, Phyllis  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
St. Thomas More Rosary Garden (Paducah, Kentucky)
United States of America -- Kentucky -- McCracken -- Paducah
Date:
2016 Jul.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Church gardens  Search this
Gardens -- Kentucky -- Paducah.  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Boxwood  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Annuals (Plants)  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item KY061009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Kentucky / KY061: Paducah -- St. Thomas More Rosary Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref7844

Washington National Cathedral Stained Glass Formulae Collection

Creator:
Saint, Lawrence B., 1885-1961  Search this
Washington Cathedral  Search this
Extent:
9.3 Cubic feet (29 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Formulae, chemical
Glass samples
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1926-1936
Summary:
This collection consists of chemical formulae developed by Lawrence Saint for use in his stained glass work at the Washington National Cathedral. There are supporting samples, records, and notes.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 976 formulae developed by Lawrence Saint for making stained glass. A shoe box contains 3" x 5" index cards of the formulae. Included are duplicate formulae and some miscellaneous notes. There are also over eight hundred samples of glass for various formulae. Some of the formulae were missing when the collection was donated to the National Museum of American History. These are noted in the container list.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into three series.

Series 1, Formulae, 1927-1933

Series 2, Notes and Records, 1926-1936

Series 3, Glass Samples, 1927-1933
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence B. Saint was born in Pittsburgh in 1885. The work he did with stained glass, especially filming (the process of making a work of stained glass, old or new, look as if it is from the Middle Ages), influenced glassmakers everywhere. At thirteen, Saint was employed in Goeddel's wallpaper store. While at Goeddel's, Saint made sketches which impressed J. Horace Ruby, a former Goeddel's employee. Saint then began working under Ruby at Ruby Brothers Stained Glass Company. Saint's chores in the studio were to grind paint, trace patterns, sweep the floors, and build fires in the pot-bellied stove. Saint worked in this studio for four years. He saved enough money to put himself through the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia.

After art school, Saint was employed by the H. F. Petgen Company of Pittsburgh to design a large rose window for the Roman Catholic Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in East Liberty, Pennsylvania. It was a mosaic of color with symbols of the four evangelists of Christ. During his last year in art school, Saint met his future wife, Katherine Wright. Their honeymoon in Europe provided Saint time to study and copy medieval stained glass. Saint made at least three visits to Europe and collected sample glass from Chartres and other cathedrals. When Saint returned to the United States he designed and painted windows for eleven years under the direction of Raymond Pitcairn, promoter of medieval arts at Bryn Athyn Cathedral in Pennsylvania. During this period, Saint started to portray figures from life to record the faces of his generation. Between visits to Europe, Saint completed six windows in eleven years. Three were figure windows, three were two small roses, and one was a grisaille window. Grisaille is a style of monochromatic painting in shades of gray, used especially for the representation of relief sculpture, or to simulate one. After his work at Bryn Athyn, Saint worked out of his own stained glass studio.

He then went to work for the Washington National Cathedral as head of its stained glass studio. He designed and executed fourteen windows for the Cathedral: the North Rose Window, nine choir aisle windows, and four others in the north transept aisles. Saint experimented with recapturing the reds, blues, and other vibrant colors achieved by medieval glass makers using formulae based on spectroscopic analyses of scraps of 13th century glass. While working for the Cathedral, a fire broke out in Saint's studio. Many windows and materials were destroyed including a window depicting Moses. Saint's most famous work for the Cathedral was the North Rose Window entitled, "The Last Judgment." This window cost $22,687 and took twelve men to create. Saint made his own glass and applied his own process for filming it. Upon completion, Saint's work was displayed at the Free Library of Philadelphia in 1957 and in other cities. Saint said, 'I trust that my material, made public, will lead others to improve on my work...".
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History) by the Washington National Cathedral, through Richard T. Feller in 1977.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Topic:
Glass, Colored  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Stained glass artists  Search this
Glass manufacture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Formulae, chemical
Glass samples
Citation:
Washington National Cathedral Stained Glass Formulae Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0090
See more items in:
Washington National Cathedral Stained Glass Formulae Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0090

Wilbur H. Burnham Studios records

Creator:
Wilbur H. Burnham Studios  Search this
Names:
American Art Expositions (Firm)  Search this
Joseph G. Reynolds Associates  Search this
Reynolds, Francis, and Rohnstock  Search this
Stained Glass Association of America  Search this
Burnham, Wilbur Herbert, 1887-1974  Search this
Burnham, Wilbur Herbert, Jr., 1913-1984  Search this
Connick, Charles J., 1875-1945  Search this
Portanova, Joseph Domenico, 1909-1979  Search this
Reynolds, Joseph G., 1886-1972  Search this
Extent:
35.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Photographs
Watercolors
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1904-1991
Summary:
The records of nationally renowned Boston, Massachussetts, stained glass design company, Wilbur H. Burnham Studios, measure 35.9 linear feet and date from circa 1904-1991. The majority of the collection consists of project files for the studio's stained glass window contracts throughout the United States from the 1920s-1980s. In addition to project files, records include biographical material for the owners, correspondence relating to personal and studio business, general business and financial records, writings such as published articles by Wilbur H. Burnham, scrapbooks and other printed material documenting the history of the company, artwork including extensive watercolor design studies for stained glass, and photographic material.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of nationally renowned Boston, Massachussetts, stained glass design company, Wilbur H. Burnham Studios, measure 35.9 linear feet and date from circa 1904-1991. The majority of the collection consists of project files for the studio's stained glass window contracts throughout the United States from the 1920s-1980s. In addition to project files, records include biographical material for the owners, correspondence relating to personal and studio business, general business and financial records, writings such as published articles by Wilbur H. Burnham, scrapbooks and other printed material documenting the history of the company, artwork including extensive watercolor design studies for stained glass, and photographic material.

Biographical material includes resume details and autobiographical notes for Burnham and Burnham, Jr., in addition to membership and fellow certificates.

Correspondence documents general studio business and includes correspondence with current and prospective clients, correspondence related to exhibitions, Burnham, Jr.'s activities on the Executive Committee of the America Arts Exposition, Inc., and the 1940 annual meeting of the Stained Glass Association of America and related business. Also found is some personal correpondence with friends and colleagues. Of note are 4 letters from stained glass artist Charles J. Connick giving his opinions on other stained glass artists, including Burnham, and a letter written by sculptor and designer, Joseph D. Portanova.

General business files include personnel records, records relating to a studio apprenticeship in stained glass design, a 1932 inventory of the studios, and leases and other legal documentation.

Writings include published articles by Burnham, in addition to draft typescripts for a book on stained glass which was never published, and research notes used as background material for stained glass studies. These notes include a number of pencil sketches.

19 diaries and journals consist of travel diaries and date books containing notes on daily appointments, financial notes, and addresses.

Project files form the bulk of the collection and document projects in circa 250 locations throughout the United States and Bellau, France, from the 1920s-1980s through correspondence with clients, architects and builders, contracts, purchase orders, building plans, sketches, scattered photographs and some printed material. Of particular note are extensive files on stained glass for New York's Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, Saint Mary's Cathedral in Peoria, Illinois, Saint Martin's Church in Providence, Rhode Island, and the National Cathedral in Washington D. C. The series also includes a group of contract files for the company Reynolds, Francis & Rohnstock (later Joseph G. Reynolds), a contemporary of Wilbur H. Burnham Studios.

Financial records include payment and receipt journals, expense reports, bills, account books and general ledgers which provide finanical documentation from the 1930s to the 1980s.

Printed material includes news clippings about Burnham studios and stained glass in general, in addition to source material used in subject research.

Additional newsclippings about Burnham Studios can be found in three scrapbooks which also house announcements and invitations, and scattered photographs. One scrapbook contains photographs of windows designed by the studios for the Church of Saint Vincent De Paul in Los Angeles, California.

Artwork and sketchbooks include some artwork by Burnham, Jr., such as pencil and ink sketches, life drawings, and some watercolors. The bulk of the series consists of watercolor design studies on board for many of the studio's projects documented in the project files. Also found are some stained glass design sketches and cartoons, primarily in pencil and charcoal with scattered watercolors, as well as seven folders of material used in creating stained glass patterns and templates.

Photographic material includes photos of Burnham and Burnham, Jr., and of studio work in progress, as well as photographs of artwork, primarily of stained glass created for a significant number of the studio's contracts.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 1, 27; 4 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1920s-1991 (Box 1; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 3: General Business Files, 1930s-1970 (Box 2; 0.38 linear feet)

Series 4: Writings and Notes, 1920s-1950s (Box 2; 6 folders)

Series 5: Diaries and Journals, circa 1920s-circa 1960s (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 6: Project Files, 1916-1980s (Boxes 2-12, 42; 10.6 linear feet)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1928-1982 (Boxes 13-14; 1.14 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1980s (Boxes 14-15, 27-28; 1.89 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, circa 1920s-circa 1970s (Boxes 15-16, 28, OVs 48-49, BV 84; 1.05 linear feet)

Series 10: Artwork and Sketchbooks, circa 1920s-circa 1980s (Boxes 16-23, 29-39, OVs 50-73, 85, RD 83; 13.15 linear feet)

Series 11: Photographic Materials, circa 1904-circa 1980s (Boxes 23-26, 29, 40-41, 43-47, OVs 74-82; 5.8 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Boston, Massachussets stained glass design firm, Wilbur H. Burnham Studios, was founded by master stained glass craftsman Wilbur H. Burnham, in 1922. Together with Charles J. Connick and Joseph G. Reynolds, Burnham studios became recognized as one of the most prominent stained glass design companies in the United States. Burnham took early commissions from influential American architect Ralph Adams Cram, and believed strongly in the medieval stained glass tradition. In the late 1930s his son, Wilbur H. Burnham, Jr., who had received an informal education on tours of Europe with his family, and a BFA from Yale University, joined the firm.

Some of the studio's most notable commissions included seventeen windows for the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, D. C., all the windows and murals for Saint Mary's Cathedral, Peoria, Illinois, ten windows for the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine in New York City, and five for the Riverside Church, also in New York City.

Both Burnham and Burnham, Jr., served as presidents of the Stained Glass Association of American from 1938-1941 and 1956-1957 respectively. Burnham, Jr., took over the studio in 1968 when his father retired, and sold the studios in 1982.
Provenance:
The Wilbur H. Burnham Studios records were donated in 7 accesions by Wilbur H. Burnham, Jr., from 1977-1981 and by Wilbur C. Burnham, grandson of the founder, in 1990-1991. Scott McDaniel, co-owner of the firm, contributed to the 1990 donation.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Wilbur H. Burnham Studios records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Church architecture -- United States  Search this
Church decoration and ornament -- United States  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Stained glass artists-Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Photographs
Watercolors
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Wilbur H. Burnham Studios records, circa 1904-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.wilbhbur
See more items in:
Wilbur H. Burnham Studios records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wilbhbur
Online Media:

[Tanglewood]: Mrs. Liebig and Oscar Liebig.

Photographer:
Liebig, Gustav A., Jr. Dr  Search this
Names:
Liebig, Oscar  Search this
Liebig, Sarah Elizabeth Holland, d. 1902  Search this
Collection Photographer:
White, G. Howard, Dr., Jr.  Search this
Extent:
1 glass negative (black-and-white, 6.5 x 8.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Place:
Tanglewood (Catonsville, Maryland)
United States of America--Maryland--Baltimore County--Catonsville
Date:
[between 1886 and 1893]
General:
The glass negative's sleeve identifies the child as Oscar Liebig, although the feminine costume (complete with cap and seemingly "extreme" even for an era that often dressed young boys in skirts ) implies that the subject was a girl.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Children  Search this
Women  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Dr. G. Howard White, Jr. photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.WHI, Item MD223024
See more items in:
Dr. G. Howard White collection
Dr. G. Howard White collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / Maryland / MD223: Catonsville -- Tanglewood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-whi-ref48

Alfred James Tulk papers

Creator:
Tulk, Alfred James, 1899-1988  Search this
Names:
Rambusch (Firm)  Search this
Rambusch Glass and Decorating Company  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Place:
Africa, West -- Description and Travel -- 1851-1950
Date:
1923-1986
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, artwork, scrapbooks, and Tulk's autobiography document his career as an artist. Over 160 photographs (ca. 1920's-1980's) depict Tulk and his work. Eighty-three drawings and paintings range from student work at Yale to professional designs for the Rambusch Company and other design firms. Two scrapbooks assembled by Tulk contain reviews and exhibit announcements. His autobiography, describing his two-year residence in West Africa in the 1930's, and a descriptive list of murals painted between 1925-1960 are included among his notes and writings. Letters (1940-1986) are mostly business-related correspondence between Tulk and the Rambusch Company. Clippings (1936-1984) discuss the altar designs Tulk created for ships and camps during World War II and his work for the Rambusch Company. Other materials include a 1985 video-taped interview with Tulk and many copyright certificates for his designs.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in London, England. Tulk received his Bachelors Degree from Yale University in 1923 and his Masters Degree from the University of Guanajualo, Mexico. Mural painting occupied most of his earlier years with commissions in painting, stained glass, and mosaics. He painted over 300 large murals between 1925 and 1954 for theatres, churches, hotels, restaurants, and private homes. During World War II Tulk worked with camouflage and the painting of altar triptychs for U.S. Chaplains in camps and on battleships. From 1960 to 1987 he painted landscapes, portraits, and abstract paintings.
Provenance:
Papers were bequeathed to Tulk's daughter, Sheila Tulk Payne, who donated them to the Archives.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters  Search this
Mosaicists  Search this
Stained glass artists  Search this
Art teachers -- Connecticut  Search this
Landscape painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Abstract -- Connecticut  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Landscape painting -- Connecticut  Search this
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Art and religion  Search this
Christian art and symbolism  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Religious aspects  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.tulkalfr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tulkalfr

Oral history interview with Siegfried G. Reinhardt

Interviewee:
Reinhardt, Siegfried, 1925-1984  Search this
Interviewer:
Gaugert, Richard  Search this
Names:
Frei, Emil, Jr., 1896-1967  Search this
Extent:
130 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1976 May 22-June 26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Siefried G. Reinhardt conducted 1976 May 22-June 26, by Richard Gaugert, for the Archives of American Art.
Reinhardt discusses his origins in East Prussia; early childhood memories and influences; immigrating to the United States and St. Louis, Mo.; the Depression; his early interest in drawing; copying Durer woodcuts as a learning process; the influence of Charles Quest; Scholastic Art Awards; his interest in language and literature; involvement with evangelical reform and Scripture; techniques; exposure to modern art, Pablo Picasso, Surrealism, Salvador Dali, abstract expresionism; imagery in his work; the creative process; Philip Guston; Army experiences in WWII; attending Washington University; exposure to religious writers, churches in St. Louis; introduction to stained glass; association with Emil Frei, Inc. (Emil Frei, Jr.) ; commissions; work habits; and designing and making furniture.
Biographical / Historical:
Siegfried G. Reinhardt (1925-1984) was a painter and designer from St. Louis, Mo.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound tapes. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 59 min.
Topic:
Muralists -- Missouri -- St. Louis -- Interviews  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- Missouri -- St. Louis  Search this
Designers -- Missouri -- St. Louis -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Missouri -- St. Louis -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.reinha76
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-reinha76

Oral history interview with Edgar Dorsey Taylor

Creator:
Taylor, Edgar Dorsey, 1904-1978  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Interviewer:
McGlynn, Betty Hoag  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 April 5
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edgar Dorsey Taylor conducted on 1965 April 5, by Betty Hoag, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Edgar Dorsey Taylor (1904-1978) was a stained glass artist, painter, and printmaker in California.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav files. Duration is 14 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Artists -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.taylor65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-taylor65

Oral history interview with Orin Ensign Skinner

Interviewee:
Skinner, Orin Ensign, b. 1892  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1972 April 20
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Orin Ensign Skinner conducted 1972 April 20, by Robert Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Orin Ensign Skinner (1982-1995) was a designer and stained glass artist from Newtonville, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 40 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Designers -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.skinne72
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-skinne72

Emil Frei papers

Creator:
Frei, Emil, Jr., 1896-1967  Search this
Names:
Emil Frei Associates  Search this
Ravenna Mosaic Co.  Search this
Frei, Emil, 1869-1942  Search this
Extent:
760 Items ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Date:
1885-1967
Scope and Contents:
Business records of stained glass companies owned by the Freis; diaries of Emil, Jr.; correspondence; sketchbooks; scrapbooks; photographs of the Freis, their family and friends, and of their works; exhibition catalogs; commission records for Emil Frei Associates, St. Louis, Missouri; and records of the Ravenna Mosaic Co., New York, N.Y., also owned by the Freis.
Biographical / Historical:
Emil Frei, Jr., and his father were stained glass artists in St. Louis, Mo.
Provenance:
Lent 1975 by Alice Lanwermeyer, the widow of Emil Frei, Jr.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Stained glass artists  Search this
Topic:
Glass painting and staining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.freiemil
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-freiemil

Frederick B. Potter letter from John La Farge

Creator:
Potter, Frederick B.  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1909
Scope and Contents:
Letter dated Dec. 1909 from John La Farge to Frederick B. Potter about the stained glass windows he made for the First Unitarian Church on Woodward Ave. in Detroit, Michigan. La Farge informs Potter, chairman of the Board of Trustees of the church, that he has referred his letter and "other letters before to the glass men who do my work" and that they will communicate with him.
Biographical / Historical:
John La Farge (1835-1910) was best known for his murals and stained glass windows. He created the stained glass windows for the First Unitarian Church on Woodward Avenue in Detroit, Michigan in 1890. Most of the windows were donated to the Detroit Institute of Arts in 1959 by the Unitarian Church Trust.
Provenance:
The letter was donated in 1974 by Larry Curry, former curator of American Art, Detroit Institute of Arts, who received the letter from Mrs. John B. Watkins of Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Stained glass artists  Search this
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.pottfred
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pottfred

Martha Ryther record book

Creator:
Kantor, Martha Ryther, 1896-1981  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1942-1966
Scope and Contents:
Record book listing Ryther's works (paintings on glass), their size, price, year, person to whom sold or other disposition.
Biographical / Historical:
Glass painter; New City, New York.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1969 by Martha Ryther.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Women artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Glass painting and staining -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.rythmart
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rythmart

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