12 photomechanical prints (collotypes (Albertypes))
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana] Search this
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
This collection includes 12 portraits photographed by William Bull of Chiefs from the Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation] shot in Glacier National Park, Montana, around 1915. The collotypes (photomechanical prints) were hand-colored and published by the Albertype company of Brooklyn, New York.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 12 colored photomechanical prints of Blackfeet Chiefs originally shot by William Bull around 1915. The original photographs were reproduced as collotypes (Albertypes) by the Albertype Company and used as promotional materials for the newly created Glacier National Park and Glacier Park Hotel in Montana. The images include portraits of Chief Two Guns White Calf, Chief Curly Bear, Chief Eagle Calf, Chief Many Tail Feathers, Chief Big Spring, Chief White Dog, Chief Eagle Ribs, Chief Bird Rattler, Chief Lazy Boy, Chief Bull Calf, Chief Eagle Child and Chief Wades-in-the-Water.
Catalog numbers P11489-P11500.
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
William Bull was born in Menomonie, Wisconsin in December 1878. By 1910 Bull had married Llillian Lillibridge and the couple had three sons and were operating photographic studios in the Twin Cities area in Minnesota. Between 1910-1930 Bull was employed by Brown's Photo Craft Studio and by Buckbee Mears Company. Around 1915, Bull was hired by the Great Northern Railway company to create promotional materials for the newly established Glacier National Park in Montana. Bull continued working until his death in 1942.
Unknown source, circa 1935.
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Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana
Rosebud County (Mont.)
Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
Lame Deer (Mont.)
Washita County (Okla.)
The core of this photographic collection (1902-1904) was taken during Grinnell's visits among the Northern (Montana, Rosebud County and Rosebud River, Lame Deer) and Southern (Washita County, Oklahoma) Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne). The photographs document domestic and daily life on the reservation (especially activies involving women), religious ceremonies, camps and dwellings, and important officials. The attributions of the photographs in this collection are far from certain. While many of these images appear to have been taken by Grinnell himself, a substantial portion were also taken by his wife Elizabeth Curtis Grinnell (b. 1876) and their friend Julia E. Tuell. A very small subset of these images (3) also depicts mountains and vistas in Glacier National Park (Flathead County, Glacier County) Montana.
negatives: organized in 6 boxes; arranged numerically by image number
George Bird Grinnell, naturalist, conservationist and Indian rights activist, was born into a prominent family in Brooklyn, New York. He attended Yale University, receiving his B.A. in 1870 and a Ph.D. in paleontology in 1880. While at Yale, Grinnell participated in a paleontological expedition to the central Plains, Wyoming and Utah. In 1874 he served as naturalist and paleontologist in Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer's Black Hills expedition and, in 1875, was a member of William Ludlow's expedition surveying the Yellowstone. In 1899 Grinnell was a naturalist on Edward H. Harriman Expedition to Alaska. Grinnell's lifelong interest in the west was well established long before he left Yale. In 1876, four years before he earned his Ph.D., Grinnell became the editor-in-chief and soon-to-be owner of Forest and Stream magazine. Under his leadership, it became the country's foremost natural history magazine. Grinnell was the magazine's editor from 1876 until 1911, and he used its pages to help promote the creation of national parks. Grinnell played a pivotal role in the creation of Glacier National Park in 1910.
Grinnell's interest in the west extended to its native inhabitants. He was deeply interested in Plains Indians and, year after year, spent his summers visiting different reservations. He had befriended Frank North and his Pawnee scouts, and accompanied them on buffalo and elk hunts. Grinnell witnessed the destruction of game animals, brought about by commercial hunters, and was cognizant of its impact on Plains Indians' way of life. Grinnell, a prolific writer, authored several books and many articles on Cheyenne, Blackfoot, and Pawnee Indians, the most well-know of which was the two volume work entitled "The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Way of Life," first published in 1923. Until his death, he remained a staunch supporter of Cheyenne rights.
Grinnell was a founding member of both the Audubon Society and Boone and Crockett Club (with Theodore Roosevelt). He chaired the Council on National Parks, Forests and Wildlife, and was president of the National Parks Association. He was a trustee of the New York Zoological Society. Grinnell was also a prominent member of many other associations, such as the American Association of the Advancement of Science and New York Academy of Science. Grinnell was 89 years old when he died in New York City.
Location of Other Archival Materials Note:
See manuscript items in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records at the NMAI Archive Center. See also the George Bird Grinnell photograph collection at the Braun Research Library, Southwest Museum, Autry National Center in Los Angeles.
Researchers must contact the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
This accession consists of field notes of Robert J. Horodyski (d. 1994), a paleontologist and geologist with the Department of Geology at Tulane University. He spent
much of his field time in Glacier National Park. Upon his death, part of his collection was sent to the National Museum of Natural History. Materials also include scientific
illustrations, photograph logs, and maps. Some materials are in electronic format.
Materials dated 2005 consist of digital images of the field notes.