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James W. Gidley Papers

Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Extent:
1.5 cu. ft. (3 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scientific illustrations
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1903-1931 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit consists of the general correspondence, notes, manuscripts, photographs, and illustrations of James W. Gidley.
Historical Note:
James W. Gidley (1866-1931), vertebrate paleontologist and museum curator, was born in Springwater, Iowa. He developed an early interest in paleontology, collecting fossils in the Black Hills near his boyhood home. In 1892, Gidley was appointed Assistant in Vertebrate Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). He remained at the AMNH until 1905, although the continuity of his service was broken while he pursued his formal education. He received the B.S. degree in 1898, and the M.S. degree in 1901 - both from Princeton University. He earned his Ph.D from George Washington University in 1922. Perhaps his most important work for the AMNH was a series of field explorations to collect fossil horses. During these trips, Gidley discovered the fossil horse Equus scotti in Texas in 1899. This discovery was the subject of his first published paper the following year. Gidley also collected a new genus of three-toed horse, Neohipparion, in Nebraska in 1902.

Gidley's career at the United States National Museum (USNM) began in 1905 when he was appointed Preparator in the Section of Vertebrate Fossils. In 1908, he was promoted to Custodian of Fossil Mammals in the newly created Division of Vertebrate Paleontology. He was made Assistant Curator in 1912, and remained in that position until his death.

Gidley's career at the USNM was marked by several field explorations to collect fossil mammals. Included were trips to Maryland, Indiana, and Arizona. In the mid 1920s, he began a series of explorations around Melbourne and Vero Beach, Florida, in search of Pleistocene man. Gidley's research interests were varied and he pursued studies of fossil mammals ranging from rodents to the horse. His bibliography listed 87 titles and included brief reports on the identity of specific specimens, as well as detailed studies of certain mammalian groups.
Topic:
Paleontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scientific illustrations
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7324
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James W. Gidley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7324

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED.

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7324, Series 1
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e208

Box 1

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e219

Folder 1 General, A-W

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e227

Folder 2 Bassler, Ray S., 1921

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e239

Folder 3 Fewkes, J. Walter, 1926

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e251

Folder 4 Frick, Childs, 1924-1925, 1927-1928

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e263

Folder 5 Granger, Walter, 1914, 1916, 1918

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e276

Folder 6 Gregory, William K., 1903, 1914-1916

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e288

Folder 7 Holmes, Walter W., 1927-1928, 1930

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e300

Folder 8 Lull, Richard S., 1912-1913, 1915-1916

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e312

Folder 9 Matthew, W. D., 1906, 1908, 1910-1912, 1914-1922, 1927

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e324

Folder 10 Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1913, 1915-1918, 1924, 1931, and undated

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e336

Folder 11 Peterson, O. A., 1906, 1912, 1914, 1916

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e349

Folder 12 Siberling, Albert C., 1909, 1911, 1913-1916, 1919, 1928

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 1: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e361

NOTES, MANUSCRIPTS, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND ILLUSTRATIONS CONCERNING FOSSIL MAMMALS, 1905-1931, AND UNDATED.

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7324, Series 2
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e375

Box 1

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 2: NOTES, MANUSCRIPTS, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND ILLUSTRATIONS CONCERNING FOSSIL MAMMALS, 1905-1931, AND UNDATED.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e386

Folder 13 Notes and manuscript on the evolution of the horse, circa 1930, and undated

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 2: NOTES, MANUSCRIPTS, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND ILLUSTRATIONS CONCERNING FOSSIL MAMMALS, 1905-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e394

Folders 14-15 Notes, mauscripts, and photographs on fossil rodents, 1926, and undated

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 2: NOTES, MANUSCRIPTS, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND ILLUSTRATIONS CONCERNING FOSSIL MAMMALS, 1905-1931, AND UNDATED. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e406

Box 2

Collection Creator::
Gidley, James Williams, 1866-1931  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, James W. Gidley Papers
See more items in:
James W. Gidley Papers
James W. Gidley Papers / Series 2: NOTES, MANUSCRIPTS, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND ILLUSTRATIONS CONCERNING FOSSIL MAMMALS, 1905-1931, AND UNDATED.
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7324-refidd1e419

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