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Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection

Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
American Federation of Teachers  Search this
Department of Defense, Comprehensive Review Working Group  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Community Center of Baltimore and Central Maryland  Search this
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives  Search this
San Diego LGBT Pride  Search this
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network  Search this
Smith College  Search this
University of Connecticut  Search this
William Way Community Center  Search this
Biren, Joan E.  Search this
Bushnell, Megan  Search this
Davidson, James, Dr.  Search this
Dietrich, Joe  Search this
Exline, Gregory  Search this
Florence, Laura  Search this
Huebner, David  Search this
Jain, Shawn  Search this
Karazsia, Amy  Search this
Karazsia, William G.  Search this
Lombardi, Angela  Search this
Lynch, Patsy  Search this
Meinke, Mark  Search this
Nitz, Ryan  Search this
Reichard, Bradley  Search this
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- (actor)  Search this
Ros, Silvia  Search this
Sabatino, Michael  Search this
Shannon, Michael A.  Search this
Sheets, Justin  Search this
Snodgrass, Adam  Search this
Voorheis, Robert  Search this
Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Other:
Larson, Gordon P., 1910-1988 -- 20th century  Search this
Names:
McWaine, Dwayne, Dr.  Search this
Extent:
66 Cubic feet (198 boxes, 21 map-folders)
64.2 Cubic feet (193 boxes, 21 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Passports
Postcards
Photographs
Posters
Videocassettes
Advertising
Dvds
Songbooks
Periodicals
Place:
Canada -- Description and Travel
Germany -- description and travel
Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Washington, D.C. -- history
Los Angeles (Calif.)
New York, New York
Date:
1825-2023, undated
bulk 1960-2022
Summary:
This collection contains a variety of periodicals, photographs, correspondence, business and advertising ephemera (corporate and non-profit, personal), organizational records and ephemera, created by, for, and in reaction to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) community.
Scope and Contents:
The Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection contains periodicals, ephemera, posters, postcards, advertisements, photographs, organizational records, publications, correspondence, and other materials related to all aspects of the LGBT community and the civil rights issues pertaining thereto. The collection was created by the Archives Center to bring together materials specifically pertaining to the LGBT community. This collection contains material from communities and individuals throughout the United States. The collection is currently strongest in periodicals, newspapers and ephemera and very strong in material from California and New York. The collection continues to add new items and the researcher would be wise to take a broad view in targeting their research topics in the collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into twenty-five series.

Series 1: Periodicals, 1937-2021

Series 2: Agencies, Associations, and Organizations, 1965-2023, undated

Series 3: Community Life and Subject Files, 1825-2022, undated

Subseries 3.1: Photographs and Slides, 1870-2009, undated

Subseries 3.2: Ephemera and Buttons, 1969-2022, undated

Subseries 3.3: Posters and Prints, 1825-2018, undated

Subseries 3.4: Subject Files, 1958-2019, undated

Subseries 3.5: Pride, 1976-2022, undated

Subseries 3.6: HIV and AIDS, 1987-2020, undated

Subseries 3.7: Gay Games, 1982-2018

Series 4: Advertising, Business, and Publications, 1970-2021, undated

Subseries 4.1: Advertising, 1970-2018, undated

Subseries 4.2: Business, 1986-2021, undated

Subseries 4.3: Television, Theater, and Motion Pictures, 1978-2022, undated

Subseries 4.4: Bar ephemera and advertisement, 1979-2018, undated

Subseries 4.5: Publications, 1976-2019, undated

Series 5: Biren, Joan E. (JEB), 195-2018, undated

Subseries 5.1: Xerographic Copies of Photoprints, 1971-1995, undated.

Subseries 5.2: Posters and Oversize Advertisement, 1973-2018, undated

Series 6: Dietrich, Joseph A., 1992-2010

Series 7: Mattachine Society Records, 1942-1996, undated

Subseries 7.1: Correspondence, 1952-1991, undated

Subseries 7.2: Board of Directors Minutes, 1954-1974, undated

Subseries 7.3: Organizational Information, 1942-1993, undated

Subseries 7.4: Councils, Chapters, and Committees, 1953-1965, undated

Subseries 7.5: Conventions, 1953-1960, undated

Subseries 7.6: Publications, 1944-1996, undated

Series 8: Rainbow History Community Pioneers, 2003-2012, undated

Series 9: Strub, Sean O., addendum, 1987-2011, undated

Series 10: Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Baltimore (GLCCB, 1990-2014, undated

Series 11: Ros, Silvia, 2009-2011

Series 12: Huebner, David, 2009-2014

Series 13: St. George, Philip, 1945-1955, undated

Series 14: Will & Grace, 1995-2006

Series 15: Barna, Joseph T. and Heritage of Pride (HOP), New York, New York, 1910-2014, undated

Subseries 15.1: Photographs, Photographic Negatives, and Slides, 1985-2010, undated

Subseries 15.2: Heritage of Pride (HOP), 1984-2014, undated

Subseries 15.3: Barna, Joseph T., 1910-2013, undated,

Series 16: Becker, John M., 1999-2014, undated

Series 17: Rohrbaugh, Richard, 1972-1986, undated

Series 18: Guest, Michael E., 2001-2009

Series 19: The Fosters, 2013

Series 20: Pride at Work, 1990-2015

Series 21: Sabatino, Michael and Voorheis, Robert, 1980-2016, undated

Subseries 21.1: Archilla, Gustavo A. and Lokkins, Elmer T., 1916-2014, undated

Series 22: Gay Officers Action League (GOAL), 1982-2016, undated

Series 23: Brown, Adele "Del" and Herizon's Bar, 1985-1991, undated

Subseries 1: Changing Herizons, and Herizons Newsletter, 1983-1991

Series 24: Universal Fellowship Metropolitan Community Churches (UFMCC), 1957-2019, undated

Series 25: The Christmas House, Crown Media Family Networks, 2020-2021
Historical Note:
While the quest for equal rights has been pursued by generations, it is generally acknowledged that the modern day Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) civil rights movement began in New York City in June 1969 with the Stonewall Riots. Prior to this time a number of activists, individuals, and organizations such as The Mattachine Society, Daughters of Bilitis and others, fought to bring recognition of LGBT civil rights to the forefront of American society. While the movement was primarily, and most visably, centered in New York City and San Francisco, periodicals, guide books, and ephemeral material interconnected the larger LGBT community throughout the United States. The increased visibility of the LGBT movement inspired affinity groups at odds with the LGBT community's new found visibility and quest for broader civil rights. The challenge to what was termed "traditional" values encouraged these counter-LGBT groups to define and solidfy their constituency and also become more pro-active. This collection comprises material that is generated by individuals and organizations promoting both points of view.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Michio and Aveline Kushi Macro-Biotics Collection (AC0619)

The Shamrock Bar: Photographs and Interviews (AC0857)

John-Manuel Andriote Victory Deferred Collection (AC1128)

Archives Center Wedding Documentation Collection (AC1131 )

Division of Science, Medicine, and Society HIV/AIDS Reference Collection (AC1134)

John-Manuel Andriote Hot Stuff: A Brief History of Disco Collection (AC1184)

Joan E. Biren (JEB) Queer Film Museum Collection (AC1216)

World AIDS Institute (WAI) Collection (AC1266)

Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN) Records (AC1282)

Helping Persons with AIDS (HPA) Records (AC1283)

DC Cowboys Dance Company Records (AC1312)

Bil Browning and Jerame Davis Papers (AC1334)

David Hadley Rockwell New York Disco Ephemera Collection (AC1342)

Leonard P. Hirsch Federal Globe Records (AC1357)

Corbett Reynolds Papers (AC1390)

Mark Segal Papers (AC1422)

The Mattachine Society of Washington "Love in Action" Collection (AC1428)

Academy of Washington Records (AC1458)

Matthew Shepard Papers (AC1463)

I'm From Driftwood Records (AC1503)

The Division of Political History holds artifacts related to gay activist Franklin Kameny and a variety of political buttons. They also hold LGBT related artifacts from Joan E. Biren (JEB).

The Division of Medical and Science holds objects donated from Dr. Renee Richards, Sean O. Strub, and Leonard Hirsch.

The Division of Entertainment and the Arts holds objects donated by The Fosters, Will & Grace, and The Christmas House.
Provenance:
This collection was assembled by the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian, beginning in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women's music  Search this
Transgender people -- Identity  Search this
Sexual orientation  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Lesbianism  Search this
Lesbian and gay experience  Search this
Gay activists  Search this
Homosexuality  Search this
HIV and AIDS  Search this
Feminism  Search this
Bisexuality  Search this
Bars (Drinking establishments)  Search this
Gay Pride  Search this
Genre/Form:
Passports
Postcards
Photographs -- 2000-2010
Posters
Videocassettes
Advertising
DVDs
Photographs -- 20th century
Songbooks
Periodicals
Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1146
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80327b53b-2daa-47d1-8c11-89a7b3f4e1bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1146
Online Media:

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Christo inspects vandalism to truck

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Sitter:
Christo  Search this
Jim Fuller  Search this
Henry Haberman  Search this
Anello Angelo  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
July 21, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Travel\land\truck  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Portrait male\full length  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.101
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7e7b8ad9e-72ab-4002-8e4c-0b9ac1fd1a4e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.101

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40.0 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Travel\land\truck  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.112
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7bbb877b5-c585-4b0f-8f30-3ab450983411
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.112

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Delivering poles to site

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
28 x 39 in. (71.1 x 99.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
April 29-August 20, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Travel\land\truck  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk71e64f5d3-9248-46db-b305-fecd3d06e595
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.14

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, John H. Thomson, Jim Fuller, Eddy and John Vilicich securing the top marine cable and the marine anchor

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
28 x 39 in. (71.1 x 99.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 4, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Travel\water\boat  Search this
Waterscape\sea\Pacific Ocean  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.15
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7753cdf15-5ddb-443e-891f-363ca62032a5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.15

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40.0 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Waterscape\sea\Pacific Ocean  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Travel\air\helicopter  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.151
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk78b670370-1195-4093-a165-396871ed79e8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.151

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
28 x 38 in. (71.1 x 96.5 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Travel\land\truck  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7a593079a-a797-4e3c-a561-ebe971d19dea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.16

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Fork lifts load trucks with boxes of fabric panels

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40.0 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 6, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Travel\land\fork lift  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.163
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk71953fdbe-316f-4149-a718-447bfc84ac37
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.163

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Fabric-installation workers boarding buses in dark at 5 a.m.

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40.0 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 7-10, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Travel\land\bus  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.169
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk74c17cf86-c34c-4569-bf61-85f0458d8ae6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.169

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Segment 7: Valley Ford where the fence ends by Post Office

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40.0 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 10-20, 1976
Topic:
Travel\land\automobile  Search this
Architecture Exterior\civic\post office  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Landscape\California\Valley Ford  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.196
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk71a7e5c7d-f3f7-40d0-bce3-894526746d62
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.196

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Delivering coastal pole

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
color photograph
Dimensions:
23 1/4 x 15 3/4 in. (59.1 x 40.0 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 4, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Waterscape\sea\Pacific Ocean  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Travel\air\helicopter  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.205
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7b2e52e4f-dc39-4ea2-b719-252f0987cac6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.205

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
color photograph
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 23 1/4 in. (40.0 x 59.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 10-20, 1976
Topic:
Landscape\road  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Travel\land\automobile  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.209
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7119729ec-13eb-46c9-b8f2-e93ef8c0e559
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.209

Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, Anchor drivers securing the last 250 anchors next to ocean

Artist:
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, active 1958  Search this
Christo, born Gabrovo, Bulgaria 1935-died New York City 2020  Search this
Jeanne-Claude, born Casablanca, Morocco 1935-died New York City 2009  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfgang Volz, German, born Tuttlingen, Germany 1948  Search this
Medium:
black and white photograph
Dimensions:
28 x 39 in. (71.1 x 99.1 cm)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
September 4-5, 1976
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction  Search this
Landscape\California  Search this
Travel\land\truck  Search this
Modern art movement\installation exterior\Running Fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase through the Luisita L. and Franz H. Denghausen Endowment
Copyright:
© 1976, Christo
Object number:
RF.3.23
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Related Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7df39a388-3746-4d25-9510-f38742ccc5a4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_RF.3.23

Elisabet Ney papers, 1865-1984

Creator:
Ney, Elisabet, 1833-1907  Search this
Subject:
Elisabet Ney Museum (Austin, Tex.)  Search this
Place:
Egypt -- description and travel
Citation:
Elisabet Ney papers, 1865-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Portrait sculpture, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Art organizations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10541
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214013
AAA_collcode_neyelisp
Theme:
Women
Art organizations
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214013

Pete Stanley diary, 1961-1962

Creator:
Stanley, Pete, 1940-  Search this
Subject:
Grooms, Mimi Gross  Search this
Grooms, Red  Search this
Kean, Katharine  Search this
Place:
Germany -- description and travel
Italy -- description and travel
Citation:
Pete Stanley diary, 1961-1962. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16188
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)367264
AAA_collcode_stanpete
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_367264

William Ehrich papers, circa 1918-1975

Creator:
Ehrich, William, 1897-1960  Search this
Subject:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Place:
Germany -- description and travel
Citation:
William Ehrich papers, circa 1918-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17459
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)387763
AAA_collcode_ehriwill
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_387763

Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d8456fbe-98f6-4159-bd2f-c485379b84a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Online Media:

Records of Samarra Expeditions

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Dietrich Reimer Verlag (Berlin, Germany)  Search this
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
186 Items (Field notes: drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals (accounts), publications, articles, clippings, rubbings.)
Type:
Archival materials
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Syria
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1906-1945
Scope and Contents:
The material from the excavations at Samarra, except for the photographs mounted in Photo Files 19--3, and drawings which are in Series 5: Drawings.
"Two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913 mark the beginning of large-scale archaeological research on Islamic antiquities. During this time, Herzfeld was supported for brief periods by the swiss architect Samuel Guyer, Commander von Ludloff, various technical assistants, and finally Friedrich Sarre, who was the director of the Islamic department at the museum and initiator of the expedition. For most of the time, however, all tasks that today would be divided among a team of archaeologists rested solely on Herzfeld's shoulders: coordinating hundreds of workmen at various sites, measuring buildings, drawing architecture and objects, and cataloging finds, but also negociating with local authorities who were often uncooperative. Still working at a time when the success of a venture such as the Samarra expedition was measured by its spectacular finds in both architecture and precious objects, the immense responsibility for bringing this expedition through the unexplored territories of Islamic archaeology to a successful conclusion presented an enormous physical and psychological challenge. In an effort that from the perspective of modern archaeology must be called Herculean, he excavated and examined nineteen sites [Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil, Congregational Mosque of Madinat al-Mutawakkiliyya, Shiite Shrine Complex, Qubbat al-Ṣulaibiyya; palaces of Balkuwārā, Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the Qaṣr al-ʿĀshiq; the Cemetery at Shabbat al-Hawā; Mausoleum of Imām al-Dūr; Tall al-ʿAlīq; Ḥarba Bridge and finally the residential architecture at al-Quraina, al-Qāṭūn, al-Jubairiyya, and west of Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the baths] and collected a stupendous corpus of material, one that in many respects still forms the foundation for our knowledge of the city of Samarra and ʼAbbāsid art in the 3rd/9th centuries. What is astonishing is that Herzfeld himself considered his achievements during the first campaign in Samarra to be merely a dress rehearsal for the more ambitious second campaign which focused on the Dār al-Khilāfa." [Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein, 2003. Preface, p.IX."]
Arrangement:
135 units of original materials; numbered subseries, kept in the order in which they arrived, and housed in document boxes.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 07
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, Thomas Leisten's publication, "Excavation of Samarra, vol 1," and Alastair Northedge's publication, "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Records of Samarra Expeditions."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Field notes related primarly to the two campaigns of excavation at Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Papyrus  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
History  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 7
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3580e42ce-5d00-4c2c-85db-fcaa3aa760e7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10431

N-82: "Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Konstantinopel, 1905"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diary (1 volume (68 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17.1 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Azerbaijan
Iran
Turkey
Date:
1905 November 20–1906 January 5
Scope and Contents:
- FSA A.6 01.03, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-82", provides an account of an expedition (November 20, 1905 to January 5, 1906) from Shiraz (Iraq) to Tehran (Iran), then finally to Constantinople (Turkey).

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; von Schiraz nach Teheran and Constantinopel, 1905"

- Barm-i dilak (Iran): Three Sasanian reliefs and [sketch depicting presention a flower], November 23, 1905, (pp. 3-4).

- Qasr-i Abu Nasr (Iran): Notes and sketch of top section of standing door frame, November 23, 1905, (pp. 4-5).

- Persepolis (Iran): Notes and sketches of general site of terrace (p.10), hole for roof timbers (p.11), traces of balustrade on stairs (p.12), and lotus buds in King's hands as well as plan and elevation of southern tomb (p.14), November 24, 1905, (pp. 9-15).

- Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran): Sasanian reliefs and Achaemenian tombs, detail sketch of king's crowns (pp.16-17); elevation of Darius' tomb; Kaaba(p.18); dune-like mound in front of tombs, November 24, 1905, (pp. 15-31).

- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch of section of old rock-cut road from Sīwand (p.22); plan of immediate area of tomb of Cyrus (pp.23-24); plan of anten of palace (p.29), November 25-26, 1905, (pp. 22-31).

- Yazdikhāst (Iran): Sketch of plan of site of town; tile of caravansarai, November 29, 1905, (pp. 41-42).

- Isfahān (Iran): See also Chehel Sutūn and Hasht Behisht. Discussion of tilework in Isfahān (pp.59-60); sketch of rug pattern (p.61); description of rugs for sale (pp.70-71) with sketch of lily design (p.71), November 29 to December 7, 1905, (pp. 44-75).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch of plan of Hasht Behisht, December 1, 1905, (p. 47).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch of lion column base of Chehel Sutūn, December 1, 1905, (pp. 49-50).

- Sketch of plan and location of tile panels with detailed description of subjects and colors, December 4, 1905, (pp. 55-58).

- Julfa (Iran): Two churches, December 6, 1905, (pp. 67-69).

- Teheran (Iran): Herzfeld's first visit, December 14-16, 1905, (pp. 81-93).

- Ray (Iran): Tower of silence and ruins, December 16, 1905, (pp. 88-89).

- Rasht (Iran): December 27, 1905, (p. 93).

- Baku (Azerbaijan): Trip from Baku via Elizawetpol, Batum, Platana, Tripolis, Tiflis. Mention of Sinope, Kerazunt, Trapezunt, Sinob, Ineboli, Philippopel to Constantinopel, December 19 to January 2, 1905, (pp. 96 ff).

- Sinope (Turkey): Sketch of plan of harbor (p.110), enroute from Persia to Germany, December 28, 1905, (p. 110).

- Constantinople (Turkey): Visits to Aga Sofia and the Museum, January 3, 1906, (p. 122 ff).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Diary of Expedition from Shiraz (Iran) to Constantinople (Turkey)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-82

FSA A.6 03.082

FSA A.6 01.03
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in Gothic script was first transliterated by Mrs. Franz Pariser and later reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3c13ba021-4ce1-44e6-b92e-7ef46fff0c88
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6330

N-83: "Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diary (1 volume (72 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Date:
1923 February 14–November 14
Scope and Contents:
From Berlin to Pasargadae via Basra, Baghdad, Paikuli, Tāq-i Bustān, Hamadan, Teheran, Khurha, Qum and Isfahan.
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14, 1923 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin (Germany) to Pasargadae (Iran), via Bombay (india) and Karrachi (Pakistan), then following ancient caravan roads via Baghdad (Iraq), Paikuli (Iraq), hamadan (Iran), Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), to finally reach Shiraz (Iran) and the monuments in its vicinity.

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien I, 1923"

- Ab-i'arm, near Khurha (Iran): Sketch plan of bath, (p. 1).

- Bombay (India): Refused permission to disembark, March 16, 1923, (p. 1).

- Karrachi (Pakistan): Refused permission to disembark, March 18, 1923, (p. 8).

- Zubair (old Basra) (Iraq): Comparison with Samarra (Iraq), March 24, 1923, (p. 9).

- Baghdad (Iraq) and Ctesiphon (Iraq): Notes on Talisman Tor, Mustansiriyya Madrasa, Sultanatspaläste, in der Zitadelle, Mirjāniyya Madrasa, Khan Ortma. Side trips to Ctesiphon. Comments on British and Arab personalities and on political views of Egyptians, March 25 to May 24, 1923, (pp. 10-36).

- Miss Gertrude Bell, quote "uncrowned Queen of Iraq," April 5, 1923, (p. 12).

- Samarra (Iraq): Visit with comments of personalities, state of ruins and Caliph's palace. Comparison of ruins with Kufa (p.21); of mosques with those at Nejef and Qazwin (p.22); and fate of the lost finds from Samarra during World War I., April 9-16, 1923, (pp. 15-16).

- al-Kharsuin (Iraq): Visit and observation re ruins, probably Nebukadnezar's time. Sketch: plan of temple with ziggurat, April 17, 1923, (p. 16).

- Taq (Iraq): Visit to and comments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 17-18).

- Salman Pak (Iraq): Sketch of two carved stucco ornaments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 19).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Daniel, Menachem, Baghdad philantropist; Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad), "very fine library, almost complete about Iraq," April 25, 1923, (p. 19).

- Vicinity of Kufa (Iraq): Sanctuary of Dhuʹl-Kifl, April 27, 1923, (pp. 19-21).

- Nejef (Iraq): Safavid entrance to mosque compared with mosques in Samarra (Iraq) and Qazvin (Iran), April 28, 1923, (pp. 22).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Khayyat, Djirdjis (antique dealer, Baghdad), important antiquities for sale: Hellenistic, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic, May 12, 1923, (pp. 23-25).

- Bahrām V GÅr; silver plate in possession Khayyat, May 12, 1923, (pp. 24-25).

- Account of fate of Babylon expedition finds during World War I: May 1923, (pp. 27-30).

- Fate during World War I of Sarre's "hebb", (p. 31).

- More discussion of antiquities, including important Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).

- Warka (Iraq): Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).

- Deli 'Abbas (Iraq): Trip from Baghdad via Khan Bani Sa'ad, Nahrawan, Ba'quba, Khan al-Musabbagh, Abu Saida to Deli 'Abbās, with comments on Arab and British officials, May 24-26, 1923, (pp. 37-41).

- Kal'at al-Mufti (Iraq): The larger of two Tells between Abu Saida and Deli 'Abbas, May 26, 1923, (p. 39).

- Qara Tepe (Iraq): Trip from Deli 'Abbas via Nahr Shohane, Tell Manzil (Ishtar-statuette), Khir Suweine, Qyshla Suweine (ruins), Kashheh Pass, Narimchai. Comments on inhabitants and landscape, May 27, 1923, (pp. 41-44).

- Kallan (Iraq): Trip from Kifri via Sarkalan and Kallan (Kal'a-i Shirwana), May 29, 1923, (pp. 49-51).

- Trip to Paikuli (Iraq) via Zhala and work there, including new names in inscriptions, May 30 to June 7, 1923, (pp. 51-53).

- Trip from Paikuli (Iraq) via Diagiaish, Qaslan, Darband, Khan-i Naft to Sarpul, June 7, 1923, (p. 52).

- Darband Gorge (Kurdistan): Babylonian reliefs and ruins, June 9, 1923, (pp. 54-55).

- Sarpul (Iran): Made squeezes of inscriptions. Arsacid relief with Pahlavi inscription of Ardvaran V (Hartaban), June 11-12, 1923, (p. 55-57).

- Dukkan i Daud (Iran), June 13 1923, (pp. 57-58).

- Kerind (Iran): Building remains, June 14, 1923, (pp. 59).

- Firuzabad (Iran): In the valley from Kerind a whole series of Tells. Nearby the rock drawing of an ibex, June 14, 1923, (p. 59-60).

- Husainabad (Iran): Large Tell, June 15, 1923, (pp. 60).

- Hasanabad (Iran): Many Tells, two meaningful, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).

- Harnawa (Harunabad) (Iran): Many old settlements, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).

- Kermanshah (Iran), June 21, 1923, (pp. 62-64).

- Taq-i Bustan (Iran): Small grotto: Shapur II and III. Squeezes of textiles of hunting reliefs in large grotto of Khusro II. Notes on Kale-i Khusrawi, June 21-24, 1923, (pp. 64-69).

- Kale i Khosrowi (Iran): Sketch of ruins, June 21, 1923, (p. 67).

- Tell Ciah-i Gulan (Iran), June 21, 1923, (p. 67).

- Hajjiabad and Bisutun (Iran): Column bases and capitals, Sasanian or Arsacid, June 26, 1923, (pp. 69-70).

- Bisutun (Iran): Sasanian capital, Khusro II; Parthian worshipper; relief of Mithradates II; inscriptions of Darius, Mithradates and Gotarzes; 12-13th c. tombstones, June 26, 1923, (pp. 70-72).

- Dinawar (Iran): Pre-Sasanian monuments. Tell Nasiliyan, Tell Shahr-i Dagianus, June 27, 1923, (p. 72).

- Adjin (Iran), June 28, 1923, (p. 73).

- Sunghur (Iran): Imamzadeh in the city and Imamzadeh Malag outside; Kufic tombstones; and comments on the inhabitants, June 25-26, 1923, (pp. 74-76).

- Asadabad (Iran), June 29, 1923, (p. 76).

- Ferman Ferma, owner of Adjin. For rock sculpture of father, Timur Mirza, see under Pul Abginne. In 1905 Ferman Ferma Governor of Kirmanshah, Burujird, Luristan, June 29, 1923, (p. 76).

- Hamadan (Iran): Lion, Esther's tomb. Gumbad-i Alawiyyan, Imamzadeh Baba Tahir, Kufic tombstones in cemetery Sar-i ahl-i qubur, antiquities for sale, July 1-4, 1923, (pp. 77-82).

- Ab-i'arm (Iran), July 4, 1923, (p. 82).

- Qazvin (Iran): Trip from Hamadan to Qazvin via Ab-i Garm. Mosque compared with that in Nejef, July 5-6, 1923, (pp. 83-84).

- Qazvin (Iran) to Teheran (Iran), July 8-9, 1923, (pp. 84-85).

- Teheran (Iran): Visit to photographic studio of Sevruguin, July 9, 1923, (p. 85).

- Teheran (Iran): No diary, July 10 to September 30, 1923.

- Ray (Iran): Camped at Citadel, October 1, 1923, (p. 86).

- Varamin (Iran): Recorded all inscriptions, October 2-3, 1923, (pp. 86-88).

- Qum (Iran): Trip from Waramin via Abarik, Hajjiabad, Karimabad, Sar-i Masila, Muhammadabad, Kadj, Kumrad, Qara Tepe. Treasures of the Shrine. Older grave towers of 761/1359 and 792/1390, October 4-6, 1923, (pp. 88-91).

- Qara Tepe (Iran): Ruin mound on the edge of the salt desert enroute to Qum, October 5, 1923, (p. 90).

- Qum (Iran): Gunbad-i Sabz, inscriptions noted and visit to three sanctuaries, October 7, 1923, (pp. 91-92).

- Daghun (Iran): Stone lions; Imamzadeh Ja'far, restored by Shah 'Abbas I, October 8, 1923, (pp. 92-94).

- Husainabad (Iran) (between Dāghun and Khurha): Trip via Daulatabad, Kal'a Tcham, Deh-i NÅ, October 9, 1923, (pp. 94).

- Khurba (Iran): Notes on temple ruins, graves and ceramics. Sketch: possible plan and sockel of corner column, October 10-12, 1923, (pp. 95-101).

- Dilijan (Iran): From Khurha to Dilijān via Nāin and Āb-i Garm. Popular conception of "antiques" of peasants of Dilijan. Sketch: plan of old bath (inside covers of N-83), October 13, 1923, (pp. 101-102).

- Personal comments on Misc. topics, 1923 Oct. 13. Comments on possible results of current political attitudes in Germany under Streseman, October 13, 1923, (pp. 102-104).

- Dilijan-Isfahan (Iran): Itineraries, October 14, 1923, (p. 104).

- Reflections on what caused the ruin of the Orient, October 14, 1923, (pp. 104-106).

- Quruqtchai (Iran): Trip from Quruqtchai to Wandadeh, October 15 1923, (p. 106).

- General observations on Persian people and politics, October 15, 1923, (pp. 106-108).

- Wandadih (Iran): Trip via Mehme and Djoshagan-i qali. Notes on limestone doors, October 16, 1923, (pp. 108-109).

- Observations on the historic relationships between the Slavs and Western Europe, October 16, 1923, (p. 109-111).

- Comments on donkeys and horses, October 17, 1923, (pp. 111-112).

- Gez (Iran), October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).

- Observations on British customs, war memorials and cultural and political conditions in Europe, October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).

- Isfahan-Bushire and Shiraz-Bushire, October 18, 1923, (pp. 114-115).

- Isfahan (Iran): Chehel Sutun with reliquaries (pp.124, 126); Masjid-i 'Ali (pp.122, 127); Mashid-i Jum'a (pp.122, 128); Shahristan with minaret "Chan Rustan" (p.127) Masjid-i Shah (p.127); Imamzadeh Isma'il (Jewish Nabi 'Isaya) (pp. 127, 130); Chehel Dukhtaran madrasa (p.128); Chinar-i Dalbati (p.128); Minare-Baba Tuteb (p.129); Baba Sukhta (pp.128, 129); Baghuch Khana (p.129); Tabariq (p.129); Baba Qasim (pp.129, 130); Takht-i Pulad (pp.129, 132); Harun-i Wilaya (p.130); Ja'fariyya (p.130); entrance of Qaisariyya (p.130); Hasht Behisht (pp.130, 132), October 19 to November 7, 1923, (pp. 124-132).

- Isfahan (Iran), October 20-23, 1923, (pp. 120-124).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch: Location of paintings, discussion of Chehel Sutun and objects in museum (Korans, Wasf-nāmeh), October 23, 1923, (p. 124).

- Isfahan (Iran), October 25, 1923, (p. 127).

- Pir Bakran (Iran): Sketch of glazed tile, November 6, 1923, (pp. 132).

- Abadeh (Iran): Trip from Isfahan via Marg, Maqsud Beg, Yezdikhast. Conversations with officials in Abadeh, November 7-10, 1923, (pp. 132-133).

- Khan-i Khurra (Iran): Eight-sided Safavid caravansarai between Dehbid and Abadeh, November 11, 1923, (p. 136).

- Qadirabad (Iran): Trip from Dehbid, November 12, 1923, (pp. 138-139).

- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch: detail of columns and bases; doorway of tomb of Cyrus, November 13-14, 1923, (p. 139-143).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 1
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-83

FSA A.6 03.083

FSA A.6 01.04
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. FSA.A.06. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc398aa80f2-6c11-427c-99f9-9e54fff1abc1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6367

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