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James A. Millholland Collection

Creator:
Millholland, James A., Jr. , 1824-1893  Search this
Names:
George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad (Cumberland, Md.)  Search this
Millholland, James A., Sr., 1812-1875  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Notebooks
Clippings
Date:
1866-1899
Scope and Contents:
This collection is divided into five series. The first series consists of biographical material, including notebooks 1866; 1873; 1882; 1886; correspondence, 1867‑1899, both from and to James A. Millholland regarding a trip to England and purchase and shipment of railroad rails; the photographic series contains portraits of both Millhollands and car interiors, and locomotive shops stereocards of locomotives; blueprints, drawings and templates of rail head sections, wheel flanges, and locomotive tires, 1884‑1905; and newsclippings regarding James Millholland's patents and locomotive engines.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Biographical, 1866-1886

Series 2: Correspondence, 1867-1899

Series 3: Photographs, 1865-1869

Series 4, Drawings, 1875-1905

Series 5: News Clippings, undated
Biographical / Historical:
James A. Millholland (1842-1911) was as a railroad executive, serving as General Manager and later President of the George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad in Cumberland, Maryland.

James A. Millholland's father, James Millholland (1812‑1875), railway master mechanic, is particularly well known for his invention of many railway mechanisms. His association with the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company as master machinist spanned fifty years in the early development of the American railroad. The senior Millholland's inventions and contributions include the cast-iron crank axle, wooden spring, plate girder bridge, poppet throttle, anthracite firebox, water grate, drop frame, and steel tires. He was also an early user and advocate of the superheater, the feedwater heater, and the injector. Several of his innovations were adopted as standard practice by the railroad industry. For further information see: (White, John H. "James Millholland and Early Railroad Engineering". Contributions From the Museum of History and Technology 252 (1968): 3‑36.)
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- 1860-1900  Search this
Railroad mechanisms -- 1866-1899  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Notebooks -- 1850-1900
Clippings
Citation:
James A. Millholland Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0163
See more items in:
James A. Millholland Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88428e3bb-20d7-444f-8846-f3a5bca1393d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0163
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  • George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad (Cumberland, Md.)
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  • Millholland, James A., Jr.
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