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Collection Photographer:
James, George Wharton  Search this
Cook, W. A.  Search this
Chapman, John W. (John Wight), 1858-1939  Search this
Chandlee, W. E.  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Carbonell, Jose  Search this
Brown, S. C.  Search this
Abbott, William Louis, 1860-1936  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Bartleman, Richard M.  Search this
Boleter, Frank M.  Search this
Dinwiddie, William, 1867-1934  Search this
Moorhouse, Lee, 1850-1926  Search this
Gilfillan, J. A. (Joseph Alexander), 1838-1913  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Ward, Fanny B.  Search this
Worcester, Dean Conant  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Russell Brothers  Search this
Niblack, Albert P. (Albert Parker), 1859-1929  Search this
Pilsudski, Bronislaw  Search this
Rice, Arthur P.  Search this
Robertson, Mrs. T. C.  Search this
Raven, Henry Cushier, 1889-1944  Search this
Sigourney, W. S.  Search this
Spencer, S. A.  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Doty, Charles Edward, 1862-1921  Search this
Miller, E. Y.  Search this
Matteson, Sumner W., 1867-1920  Search this
Mindeleff, Cosmos, 1863-  Search this
Miller, Hugo H.  Search this
Turner, Lucien M. (Lucien McShan)  Search this
Moore, Riley Dunning, 1883-  Search this
Moros, E.  Search this
Collection Correspondent:
Jacobs, Melville  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Clark, Charles Upson, 1875-1960  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard, 1898-1973  Search this
Cambiaso, R. D.  Search this
Brown, O. M.  Search this
Briggs, C. F.  Search this
Abbot, Charles G.  Search this
Archer, William Andrew  Search this
Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961  Search this
Beckwith, Frank  Search this
Blumentritt, Ferdinand  Search this
Boekelman, H. J.  Search this
Costells, J. Martinez  Search this
Booy, Theodore de  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Cressman, Luther S., 1897-1994  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Felts, Wayne M.  Search this
Drierden, J. E.  Search this
Franco, Jose L.  Search this
Harding, H. T.  Search this
Harris, J. R.  Search this
Granberry, Julian  Search this
Higgins, B. B.  Search this
Setzler, Frank M. (Frank Maryl), 1902-1975  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Thomas, E. H.  Search this
Stern, T. B.  Search this
Spinden, Herbert J.  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wright, L. S.  Search this
Nelson, N. C. (Nels Christian), 1875-1964  Search this
Nicholson, Grace, -1948  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Packard, E. L.  Search this
Palm, Erwin W.  Search this
Parkes, George A.  Search this
Sexton, Charles E.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Skinner, H. D.  Search this
Langille, W. A.  Search this
Laudermilk, J. D.  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Lashmitt, Ivan de  Search this
Mason, Otis Tufton, 1838-1908  Search this
Lawrence, Donald B.  Search this
Folkmar, Daniel, 1861-1932  Search this
Moberg, Gosta  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Collection Creator:
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Collection Author:
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Arranged by area and thereunder alphabetically by island group. The entire series is composed of rough drafts and carbon copies of manuscripts of writings pertaining to a general description of the island groups represented. Material was compiled for the Smithsonian's War Background Studies and was published as ISLAND PEOPLES OF THE WESTERN PACIFIC, MICRONESIA AND MELANESIA, WBS #16. The information about the islands is of a very general nature, presenting a broad overview of geography, climate, and native cultures. There is a portion dealing with the pattern of Japanese Island expansion and the islands of New Japan, reflecting the interest with World War II concerns. The folders of printed matter are primarily news clippings relating to the war in the Pacific.
Collection Citation:
Herbert William Krieger papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
NAA.XXXX.0171, Series 7
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Herbert William Krieger papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Oceania: Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia

May, Charles Paul  Search this
Physical description:
224 p. illus., map 23 cm
Islands of the Pacific
Juvenile literature  Search this
Call number:
DU17.M39X 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries


16.5 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (29 document boxes)
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Japan -- Social life and customs
Africa -- Social life and customs
Micronesia -- Social life and customs
Descriptive Entry:
This collection includes records concerning the Board's projects, general correspondence, committee and organization work and information concerning specialized data and special subjects. Postwar regional administration records, geographic reports, country information files, photographs and uncompleted project records are also included, as are the Board's fiscal, conference, meeting and miscellaneous records.
Historical Note:
The Ethnogeographic Board was established during the Second World War. It was established primarily to act as a clearinghouse for government wartime needs. During the three and one-half years of its existence (June of 1942 through December of 1945) the board provided ethnogeographic information on the non-European areas of the war, notably Africa, Micronesia, Melanesia and Indonesia. It aided in the location and mobilization of area and language specialists, especially anthropologists. It was jointly sponsored by the American Council of Learned Societies, the Social Science Research Council, the National Research Council and the Smithsonian Institution. The Board utilized facilities and other technical assistance provided by the latter. William Duncan Strong served as the Board's Director from 1942 until 1944 at which time he was succeeded by Henry B. Collins Jr. The salaries of both men were provided by the Smithsonian.

The original Board consisted of six members and until 1945 met semi-annually as an advisory and policy making body. In addition, five separate committees worked closely with the Board. These included the Committee on African Anthropology; the Committee on the Anthropology of Oceania; the Joint Committee on the Latin American Studies; the Intensive Language Program; and the Smithsonian War Committee. A sixth, the Committee on Asiatic Geography, was formed as a result of a Board-sponsored conference. Each committee remained an independent entity, although theoretically the Board was supposed to integrate the work of all of these committees. The Board received its financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation and its own sponsoring organizations. Of the latter, the Smithsonian contributed the largest portion.

Five major undertakings were of sufficient magnitude to be designated as projects. The most important of these was the "Survival Project." At the request of the United States Navy, the Ethnogeographic Board and the staff of the Smithsonian prepared the manual Survival on Land and Sea in 1943. Several editions were published and by 1944 970,000 copies had been printed and distributed to the armed forces in the Pacific Theater.

In September of 1942 the Board sponsored a conference on Bolivian Indians in New Haven. Its purpose was to discuss those factors relevant to the use of Indians as industrial labor in the mines and to encourage greater agricultural output from this group. A thirty-five page report resulted from this conference and was subsequently distributed by the Board. Though this project was less extensive than the "Survival" project it was significant because it was designed to serve as a model for other similar projects.

In January of 1944 under the direction of Research Associates Bacon and Fenton a third project was initiated. The subsequent "Survey of Area Studies in American Universities" was undertaken to analyze the foreign area courses offered at selected universities. A total of 27 universities from the Pacific to the Atlantic coasts were included, and reports on about one-third of these were completed.

In March of that year the Board members discussed the feasibility of writing a history of the Board's activities. It was agreed that such a record was necessary and eventually Board member Wendell Clark Bennett was designated to draft this account. This fourth project, covering the activities of the Board up to June of 1945, was completed in August of that year.

In June of 1945 the last major undertaking was initiated. At that time the executive committee considered compiling a list of all war-related documents provided by the Board. Homer Barnett was assigned late in 1945 to survey those documents concerned with the Pacific Area. This project was combined with the never-completed Pacific Survey Project under Barnett's direction.

Although not considered a major undertaking, the "World File of Area and Language Specialists List" might better be described as an ongoing Board project. Approximately 5000 names were included on this roster. The sources from which they were gathered were numerous and included the Committee on Latin American Anthropology; the Committee on Asiatic Geography; the Intensive Language Program; and the Smithsonian War Committee. The lists provided by the Committees on the Anthropology of Africa and Oceania formed the backbone of this roster. The geographic areas of primary concern included Africa, Indonesia, Melanesia and Micronesia. This roster was used extensively by the government and other agencies throughout the course of the war.

Besides its own projects, the Board participated in a number of others in conjunction with various organizations and institutions. The Board assisted in the preparation of a manual entitled "Jungle and Desert Emergencies" with the Air Corps. The Quartermaster General's Office worked with the Board on a "Reconnaissance Report on Concentrated Rations of Primitive Peoples". Cooperating with the American Council of Learned Societies, the Board aided in the development of a program to train personnel in the Russian language. Other projects initiated but never completed included the Pacific Survey Project, the Area and Language Notes Project and the Research Committee Project.

Though the Board continued to operate until December of 1945, the first three years of its existence were those of the greatest activity.
Museums -- Administration  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- United States  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Micronesian languages  Search this
African languages  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Geography -- Africa  Search this
Geography -- Micronesia  Search this
Geography -- Japan  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 87, Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D. C.), Records
Record Unit 87
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Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

MS 7516 Documents relating to scientific investigations in Micronesia

Fisher, John Lyle  Search this
Fischer, Ann K.  Search this
Squires, Donald Fleming  Search this
Mason, Leonard, 1913-2005  Search this
Hiatt, Robert W.  Search this
Stone, Earl L.  Search this
Cox, Doak C.  Search this
Wells, John W.  Search this
Fisher, W. K.  Search this
Clark, A.H.  Search this
Deichmann, Elisabeth  Search this
Laubenfels, M.W. de  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.). Pacific Science Board  Search this
2 Items (ca. in. ca. 2 in.)
Caroline Islands -- Eastern  Search this
Marshall Islands -- Arno Atoll  Search this
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Marshall Islands -- Arno Atoll -- Zoology
Scope and Contents:
Includes John L. and Anne M. Fischer's East Caroline Handbook (1954); Donald F. Squires, The Coral Reefs of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands (1950); Leonard Mason, Anthropology-Geography Study of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands; Robert W. Hiatt, Marine Zoology Study of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands (1950); Earl L. Stone, The soils and agriculture of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands, I, Soils (1951); Doak C. Cox, The hydrology of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands (1951); John W. Wells, The coral reefs of Arno Atoll, Marshall Islands (1951); W.K. Fisher, Identification of Echiuroid and Sipunculoid Worms collected by Pacific Science Board Expeditions (1953); A.H. Clark and Elisabeth Deichmann, Identification of Echinoderms collected by Pacific Science Board Expeditions (1953); Laubenfels, Identification of sponges collected by Pacific Science Board Expeditions (1953).
Biographical / Historical:
Collected by Joe T. Marshall while he was working on the Marshall Idlans and Ponape. Marshall in a research assocation of the National Museum of Natural History's Department of Vertebrate Zoology.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7516
Local Note:
Thermofax and mimeograph copies
Coral reefs -- Arno Atoll  Search this
Marine zoology -- Arno Atoll  Search this
Agriculture -- Arno Atoll  Search this
Soils -- Arno Atoll  Search this
Hydrology -- Arno Atoll  Search this
Worms, echiuroid and sipunculoid -- Pacific Science Board collection  Search this
Echinoderms -- Pacific Science Board collection  Search this
Sponges -- Pacific Science Board collections  Search this
Manuscript 7516, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Agency history, 1942-1945

Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987  Search this
Strong, William Duncan 1899-1962  Search this
Social Science Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
American Council of Learned Societies  Search this
National Research Council (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Mixed archival materials
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Micronesian languages  Search this
African languages  Search this
Japanese language  Search this
Anthropologists  Search this
Linguists  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00363
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Reptiles and amphibians of the Pacific Islands : a comprehensive guide / George R. Zug

Zug, George R. 1938-  Search this
Physical description:
x, 306 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Islands of the Pacific
Reptiles  Search this
Amphibians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

New directions in conservation medicine : applied cases of ecological health / edited by A. Alonso Aguirre, Richard S. Ostfeld, and Peter Daszak

Aguirre, A. Alonso  Search this
Ostfeld, Richard S. 1954-  Search this
Daszak, Peter  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, 639 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm
Environmental health  Search this
Medical geography  Search this
Environmental toxicology  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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