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Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian

Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
54 Albumen prints
7 Copy negatives
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Ute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Arizona
Colorado
New Mexico
Idaho
Date:
1871-1874
Summary:
This collection contains photographs documenting American Indian communities and landscape scenes in the Southwest photographed by Timothy O'Sullivan and William Bell for U.S. geographical surveys circa 1971-1974.
Scope and Contents:
P01730, P01731, P01733, P01735, P01743-P01792 (copy negatives: N34849-N34851, N34853- N34855, N35051)

This collection contains 54 photographs (plus 7 copy negatives) that were shot by photographer Timothy O'Sullivan 1871, 1873, and 1874 and William Bell in 1872 for the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. The survey was commonly referred to as the "Wheeler Surveys."

The photographs depict American Indian Pueblos in the Southwest including Apache; A:shiwi (Zuni); Diné (Navajo); Hopi; Jicarilla Apache; Laguna Pueblo; Mohave; San Felipe Pueblo; Taos Pueblo; and Ute, among other communities. In addition, the collection contains landscape and scenic shot in the same region.

The bulk of the photos in this collection are one half of a stereoscope photograph that was never pasted onto a stereoscope card. The copy negatives in this collection were created by the Museum of the American Indian in the late 1960s.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by year and subject matter.
Biographical / Historical:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They were intended to document the geography in order to make accurate maps, record locations of American Indian tribes in the region, select possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads, and note resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was the official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as the official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1873, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1872. O'Sullivan later became the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, D.C.

[History note from the National Anthropological Archives collection record NAA.PhotoLot.167 with edits made by NMAI]
Provenance:
It is unclear when most of these photographs were obtained by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.229
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-229
Online Media:

Western Apache

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1873
Scope and Contents:
P01735, P01757, P01791
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 3: Wheeler Survey of 1873
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref10

Canyon de Chelly Scenes (Arizona and New Mexico Territories)

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1873
Scope and Contents:
P01744, P01745, P01746, P01751, P01758
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 3: Wheeler Survey of 1873
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref11

Mojave

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1871
Scope and Contents:
P01779
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 1: Wheeler Survey of 1871
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref12

Jicarilla Apache

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
P01765, P01792
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 4: Wheeler Survey of 1874
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref13

San Juan Pueblo

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
P01756
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 4: Wheeler Survey of 1874
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref14

Ute

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
P01749, P01776 (Copy negative made by the Museum of the American Indian: N35051)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 4: Wheeler Survey of 1874
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref15

Idaho Territory Scenes

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
P01786, P01787, P01790
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 4: Wheeler Survey of 1874
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref16

Colorado Territory Scenes

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
P01750, P01759, P01771, P01772, P01784, P01785, P01789
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 4: Wheeler Survey of 1874
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref17

New Mexico Territory Scenes

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
P01781, P01788

(Copy negative made by Museum of the American Indian: N34854)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 4: Wheeler Survey of 1874
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref18

Colorado River Scenes

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1871
Scope and Contents:
P01754, P01763, P01764 P01774, P01775, P01778, P01780
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 1: Wheeler Survey of 1871
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref5

Colorado River Scenes

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1872
Scope and Contents:
P01760, P01766-P01770, P01782
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 2: Wheeler Survey of 1872
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref6

Diné (Navajo)

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 5
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1873
Scope and Contents:
P01733, P01743, P01752, P01753, P01783

(Copy negative made by the Museum of the American Indian: N34851, N34855)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 3: Wheeler Survey of 1873
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref7

A:shiwi (Zuni)

Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Photo-folder 4
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1873
Scope and Contents:
P01730, P01731, P01748, P01761, P01762, P01773, P01777

(Copy negatives made by Museum of the American Indian: N34849, N34850, N34853)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian / Series 3: Wheeler Survey of 1873
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref8

Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers

Names:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986 (author)  Search this
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905  Search this
Publisher:
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (Papers :)
70 Stereographs (albumen)
Culture:
Ute  Search this
Apache  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Photographs
Place:
Zuni (N.M.)
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Colorado River
Date:
1871-1874
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made on the Geographical Explorations and Surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. They include images of expedition party members, archeological sites, pueblos and puebloan and other Indigenous people of the southwest (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave), and scenic views in Canyon de Chelly, canyons of the Colorado River (including the Grand Canyon and Black Canyon), Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.

The collection includes two complete sets of the stereographs published by the War Department Corps of Engineers, which were collected by John R. Swanton and Alice C. Fletcher, and an incomplete set donated by Vincent McMullen. It also includes lists and notes (circa 1935-1948) regarding the photographs prepared by F. M. Fryxell and Bruno Klinger, as well as stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers.
Biographical/Historical note:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They documented Native American tribes and geography in the region, in order to make accurate maps; selected possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads; and noted resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan would go on to become the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, DC.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4501, NAA MS 4500, NAA MS 4499, NAA Photo Lot 4558
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Descriptive lists and notes relating to the expedition photographs, previously filed in MS 4499, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501.
Complete sets of Wheeler Expedition stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers, previously filed in MS 4500 and Photo Lot 4558, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501.
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97, and Photo Lot 167.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1871-1874
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4501, Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4501
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4501

Timothy O'Sullivan photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian"

Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Names:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905  Search this
Extent:
33 Contact prints
7 Enlarged prints
8 Negatives (collodion wet-plate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Ute  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact prints
Enlarged prints
Negatives
Photographs
Place:
Colorado River
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Date:
1871-1874
Scope and Contents note:
Stereographic photographs made on the geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. The bulk of the photographs were made by Timothy H. Sullivan during the years 1871-1872 and 1874, but there are also some taken by William Bell in 1873. The photos include images of expedition party members, camps, and transportation, as well as pueblos, (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave), puebloan people, and scenic views in canyons of the Colorado River, Canyon de Chelly, Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.
Biographical/Historical note:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They were intended to document the geography in order to make accurate maps, record locations of Native American tribes in the region, select possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads, and note resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was the official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as the official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan later became the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, D.C.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 167
Location of Other Archival Materials:
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 78.
Contact prints and enlargements, previously filed in MS 4498, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 167.
Published stereographs and associated papers relating to the surveys are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4501.
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, and Photo Lot 97.
Some survey negatives were transferred to the National Archives, circa 1948. They are held there in Record Group 106.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 167, Timothy O'Sullivan photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian," National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.167
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-167

Topographical atlas, projected to illustrate explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian of longitude / prosecuted ... by the Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army ; embracing results of the different expeditions under Geo. M. Wheeler

Author:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. : maps ; 49 x 63 cm
Type:
Books
Surveys
Maps
Place:
United States
West (U.S.)
Date:
1873
1875
1873-1875
Call number:
QE74 .U63Z
QE74.U63Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_357430

Progress-report upon geographical and geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian, in 1872 under the direction of Brig. Gen. A.A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers, United States Army by George M. Wheeler

Title:
Engineer Department, United States Army
Explorations and surveys west of the one-hundredth meridian
Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Former owner:
Ridgway, Robert 1850-1929 DSI  Search this
Presenter:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
56 pages, [6] leaves of plates (1 folded) illustrations, maps 30 cm
Type:
Books
Surveys
Place:
United States
West (U.S.)
West United States
Date:
1874
Topic:
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Surveys  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .W44 1874
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1022614

Wheeler Survey of 1872

Photographer:
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
7 Albumen prints
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Place:
Arizona
Date:
1872
Scope and Contents:
This series contains 7 albumen prints photographed by William Bell (1830-1910) in 1872 for the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. The survey was commonly referred to as the "Wheeler Surveys." The photos in this series are one half of a stereoscope photograph.

This series includes depictions of scenes along the Colorado River in Arizona.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.229, Series 2
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref2

Wheeler Survey of 1871

Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Collection Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Collection Creator:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
8 Albumen prints
Culture:
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Place:
Colorado
Arizona
Date:
1871
Scope and Contents:
This series contains 8 prints photographed by Timothy O'Sullivan in 1871 for the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. The survey was commonly referred to as the "Wheeler Surveys." The photos in this series are one half of a stereoscope photograph.

This series includes depictions of scenes along the Colorado River and includes photographs of the Grand Canyon and Mojave men, among other scenes.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection of Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.229, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.229, Series 1
See more items in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-229-ref1

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