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Martin family papers and Campus Martius Museum records relating to Lilly Martin Spencer, 1825-1971

Creator:
Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902  Search this
Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902  Search this
Subject:
Bagley, Sarah G.  Search this
Eastman, Maria M.  Search this
Emerson, Mary Moody  Search this
Gage, Frances Dana Barker  Search this
Hebert, William  Search this
Parsons, Anna Q. T.  Search this
Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour)  Search this
Swift, Adeline T.  Search this
Martin, Giles  Search this
Martin, Angelique  Search this
Trumbull Phalanx (Braceville, Ohio)  Search this
Ohio Historical Society  Search this
Campus Martius Museum  Search this
Topic:
Women painters -- Ohio  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Women's rights -- United States  Search this
Women's suffrage -- United States  Search this
Collective settlements -- Ohio  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6071
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216162
AAA_collcode_spenlilm
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216162

Lilly Martin Spencer papers, 1828-1966

Creator:
Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902  Search this
Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902  Search this
Subject:
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady  Search this
Ingersoll, Robert Green  Search this
Sartain, John  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam  Search this
Sorosis (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6072
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216163
AAA_collcode_spenlill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216163
Online Media:

Millard F. Rogers, Jr. research material relating to Junius Brutus Stearns

Creator:
Rogers, Millard F.  Search this
Names:
Stearns, Junius Brutus, 1810-1885  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1972-2008
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, subject files, photographs, an address list, and printed material relating to artist Junius Brutus Stearns compiled by Millard F. Rogers, Jr., an art historian who studied Sterns.
Correspondence is between Rogers and museums, dealers, and collectors whose holdings include Stearns' art. Subject files are on Stearns' art and Trenton Falls, New York and include printed material, photographs, and notes by Rogers and correspondence. Photographs are of Stearns' artwork. Also included is an address list of Stearns' residences in New York City and Brooklyn, 1838-84. Printed material includes a copy of Antiques Magazine, August 1970.
Biographical / Historical:
Millard F. Rogers was director of the Cincinnati Art Museum. After retirement he studied the life and works of Junius Brutus Stearns. Stearns (1810-1855) was a portrait and genre painter, New York, New York.
Provenance:
Donated 2009 by Millard F. Rogers, Jr.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- Ohio  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.steajuni
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-steajuni

Martin family papers and Campus Martius Museum records relating to Lilly Martin Spencer

Creator:
Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902  Search this
Names:
Campus Martius Museum  Search this
Ohio Historical Society  Search this
Trumbull Phalanx (Braceville, Ohio)  Search this
Bagley, Sarah G.  Search this
Eastman, Maria M.  Search this
Emerson, Mary Moody  Search this
Gage, Frances Dana Barker, 1808-1884  Search this
Hebert, William  Search this
Martin, Angelique, b. 1792  Search this
Martin, Giles  Search this
Parsons, Anna Q. T.  Search this
Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914  Search this
Swift, Adeline T.  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1825-1971
Scope and Contents:
Family papers include letters to Giles Martin from William Hebert and others concerning the Martin's plans to emigrate from England to America, and ca. 50 letters, 1828-1860, to Giles and Angelique Martin in Marietta and at Trumbull Phalanx by reformers active in Ohio and Massachusetts temperance, antislavery, labor and/or Association movements, among them Sarah G. Bagley, Maria M. Eastman, Mary Moody Emerson, Frances D.B. Gage, Anna Q.T. Parsons, Caroline M. S. Severance, Adeline T. Swift, and others less known but very active. Also included are 3 letters from Spencer, 1842 Mar. 31 and June 10, and 1847 July 10 to her parents.
The Campus Martius Museum records consist of correspondence with owners of Spencer's prints, paintings and and papers; clippings, articles, and reproductions of Spencer's work.
Biographical / Historical:
Spencer was a portrait and genre painter; New York, N.Y. and Ohio. She was born Angelique Marie Martin November 26, 1822, in England to French parents, Giles and Angelique Martin, followers of the French social critic, Charles Fourier. Upon emigrating to the U.S. in 1830, and moving to Marietta, Ohio in 1833, the Martins, along with others active in the cooperative movement organized a communal association, Trumbull Phalanx, near Braceville, Ohio in 1845, and became active in women's rights and other reform movements. Spencer chose to concentrate on painting, first in Cincinatti and then in New York in 1848 with her husband Benjamin Rush Spencer, a cloth merchant. She maintained a successful painting career while raising seven children and moving several times, to Cincinnati and Columbus, Ohio, Newark, N.J., and Highlands and Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Spencer died May 22, 1902.
Provenance:
Lent for filming 1971 by Campus Martius Museum, Ohio Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Women painters -- Ohio  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Women's rights -- United States  Search this
Women's suffrage -- United States  Search this
Collective settlements -- Ohio  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.spenlilm
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-spenlilm

Lilly Martin Spencer papers

Creator:
Spencer, Lilly Martin, 1822-1902  Search this
Names:
Sorosis (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1828-1966
Summary:
The papers of portrait and genre painter Lilly Martin Spencer, measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1828-1966. The collection includes biographical material, scattered lists, notes, receipts, and legal documents relating to Spencer's life and work, Spencer's business and family correspondence, printed material, a lithograph, photographs of Spencer and others, and photographs of Spencer's artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of portrait and genre painter Lilly Martin Spencer, measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1828-1966. The collection includes biographical material, scattered lists, notes, receipts, and legal documents relating to Spencer's life and work, Spencer's business and family correspondence, printed material, a lithograph, photographs of Spencer and others, and photos of Spencer's artwork.

The collection documents Spencer's popularity and success as a painter, her involvement with art associations and civic organizations such as Sorosis, and her personal life as a wife, mother, and breadwinner through correspondence with family, artists including John Sartain and Benjamin John Lossing, dealers including Samuel Putnam Avery, writers and editors such as Robert Green Ingersoll and Fannie Raymond Bitter, and social activists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series:

Series 1: Biographical Material and Other Papers, 1853-1959 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1, OV 3)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1828-1966 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1857-1961 (0.2 linear feet; Box 2, OV 3)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1890-circa 1950 (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
New York and Ohio painter Lilly Martin Spencer (1822-1902) was known for her popular portrait paintings and humorous domestic genre scenes.

Spencer was born Angelique Marie Martin in England to French parents, Giles and Angelique Martin, who were followers of the French social critic Charles Fournier. The family came to New York in 1830, moved to Marietta, Ohio, in 1833 and, in 1845, co-founded the communal settlement, Trumbull Phalanx, near Braceville, Ohio. In 1848, after her marriage to Benjamin Spencer at the age of 22, Spencer returned to New York. She achieved much success as a painter and was the main breadwinner for her family while giving birth to thirteen children, seven of whom survived to adulthood. The family moved several times, to Cincinnati and Columbus, Ohio; Newark, New Jersey; and Highlands and Poughkeepsie, New York.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also has microfilm (reel 132) of the Martin family papers and Campus Martius Museum records regarding Lilly Martin Spencer. Originals are located at the Campus Martius Museum, Ohio Historical Society.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming on reel 131 including family history; biographical material; circa 50 photographs of Spencer and her paintings; M.A. thesis, "Lilly Martin Spencer: American Painter of the Nineteenth Century," by Ann Byrd Schumer; articles about Spencer's life and work, 1959; and a list of paintings owned by her granddaughter, Lillian Spencer Gates. Loaned materials were returned to the donor and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1971 by Lillian Spencer Gates, Spencer's granddaughter.
Restrictions:
This collection is temporarily closed to researchers due to archival processing and digitization. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre painters -- Ohio  Search this
Portrait painters -- Ohio  Search this
Topic:
Women painters  Search this
Citation:
Lilly Martin Spencer papers, 1828-1966. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.spenlill
See more items in:
Lilly Martin Spencer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-spenlill
Online Media:

Records

Topic:
American art annual
Creator::
National Collection of Fine Arts. Office of the Director  Search this
Extent:
22 cu. ft. (44 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Date:
1892-1960
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit documents the administration of William Henry Holmes, first Curator of the National Gallery of Art (NGA), 1907-1920, and Director of the Gallery, 1920-1932. To a lesser extent, it also documents the administration of Ruel P. Tolman, Acting Director of NGA, 1932-1937, and the National Collection of Fine Arts (NCFA), 1937-1946, and Director of NCFA, 1946-1948. A few records from the Thomas M. Beggs administration (1948-1964) are also filed here.

Records document the routine operations of the NGA when it was a department of the United States National Museum, when it became a separate bureau of the Smithsonian, and when it became the NCFA. The files include internal correspondence and log books, as well as numerous public inquiries about artists, works of art, exhibitions, and donations of art and bequests. The Charles Lang Freer collection gift, the effects of early copyright laws regarding photographing art, and the long campaign for an NGA building are documented here. These records also include many photographs of staff, collections, exhibitions, and the galleries. Exhibition materials such as catalogs, installation photographs, shipping forms, invoices, and condition reports mostly document loan exhibitions and some new acquisitions. Frequent sponsors of loan exhibitions included the Pan American Union/League, the American Federation of Arts, the Pennsylvania Society Club, the Metropolitan State Art Contest, and the Society of Washington Artists.

In addition, these records document campaigns to raise public and private support for the national art collection. There is correspondence with art galleries and reports of visits to galleries throughout the United States, including the Carolina Art Association and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Minutes and reports show the functions and activities of the National Gallery of Art Advisory Committee, National Gallery of Art Commission, and Smithsonian Gallery of Art Commission.

Important Smithsonian correspondents include Charles G. Abbot, Cyrus Adler, Richard Rathbun, William deC. Ravenel, Charles D. Walcott, and Alexander Wetmore. There is also considerable correspondence with Leila Mechlin of the American Federation of Arts with Florence N. Levy, who was affiliated with the American Art Annual, and with various women's clubs that helped promote the NGA.
Historical Note:
The history of the National Gallery of Art (later named the National Collection of Fine Arts) begins well before the foundation of the Smithsonian Institution. The Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences was established in 1816; and John Varden founded his own museum, later called the Washington Museum, in 1829. These two organizations eventually merged with the National Institution for the Promotion of Science, created in 1840, and incorporated by Congress as the National Institute in 1842. The National Institute displayed its art works in the newly-constructed Patent Office Building, under the care of John Varden. It boasted a large collection of John Mix Stanley and Charles Bird King Indian portraits.

When the Smithsonian Institution was founded in 1846, Congress authorized its Regents to collect "all objects of art and of foreign and curious research." Although art did not receive much focus until the early twentieth century, the collection slowly grew. Joseph Henry, first Secretary of the Smithsonian, purchased a large collection of George Perkins Marsh etchings and engravings in 1849. In 1858 government-owned art works previously shown in the Patent Building were removed to the west wing of the Smithsonian Institution Building ("Castle"), and in 1862, when the National Institute charter expired, its collections were transferred to the Smithsonian. The Smithsonian's small art collection suffered a great setback in 1865, when most of the collection displayed on the second floor of the Castle was destroyed by fire. Surviving works were removed; prints and drawings were stored at the Library of Congress, and paintings and sculptures at the Corcoran Gallery of Art (in the building now home to the Renwick Gallery).

Private contributions helped to rebuild the Smithsonian's art gallery. Most notably, Mrs. Joseph Harrison presented the Institution with a collection of George C. Catlin Indian paintings in 1879, and the new works were shown in the Castle and in the newly-completed National Museum Building. In 1896 the remainder of the Smithsonian collection was recalled from the Library of Congress and the Corcoran by Secretary Samuel P. Langley, and was added to the Catlin collection in the Castle and National Museum Buildings. Langley also created an "Art Room" on the second floor of the Castle, which displayed reproductions of paintings, mostly portraits, by Old Masters, and a frieze of Parthenon reliefs in plaster around the room.

At the turn of the century, however, a national gallery still did not exist in Washington, and pressure increased from outside the Smithsonian to create such an organization. President Theodore Roosevelt campaigned for a National Gallery, but Congress failed to act on his request in 1904. In 1903 Harriet Lane Johnston, President James Buchanan's niece and lady of the White House during his administration, bequeathed her large collection to a "national gallery of art." The trustees of her estate refused to release her collection until such a gallery existed, and a legal battle ensued. In 1905 the District of Columbia Supreme Court ruled that the Smithsonian collection fell within the description of a national gallery, and the Johnston collection was delivered to the Institution in 1906. The nucleus of the National Gallery consisted of the Johnston Collection of European and American art and the William T. Evans Collection of contemporary American art (added in 1907 with President Theodore Roosevelt's influence). The new additions greatly expanded the Gallery's holdings, but its growth would be severely hampered by the Smithsonian's lack of funds and an unwillingness to begin and support new ventures.

The National Gallery of Art (NGA) was administered under the United States National Museum's (USNM) Department of Anthropology. William Henry Holmes (1846-1933), artist, topographer, archeologist, and geologist, was named first Curator of the NGA, in addition to his duties as Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) Chief (1902-1909), and later as Curator of the Department of Anthropology (1910-1920). Holmes was a part of the Smithsonian most of his life. He was born near Cadiz, Ohio, in the same year as the Institution's founding. A teacher and graduate of McNeely Normal School (1870) in Hopedale, Ohio, Holmes moved to Washington, D.C., in 1871 to study art under Theodor Kaufmann. During his studies he became acquainted with another Kaufmann student, Mary Henry, daughter of Joseph Henry. On her suggestion, he visited the Smithsonian. Ornithologist Jose Zeledon noticed Holmes as he was sketching two birds on exhibit, and Zeledon introduced Holmes to Fielding Bradford Meek, paleontologist and stratigrapher of state and federal surveys. Impressed with his drawings, Meek immediately hired Holmes as an illustrator.

In his first years with the Smithsonian, Holmes joined Ferdinand V. Hayden's U.S. Survey of the Territories as an artist-topographer (1872) and was later appointed assistant geologist (1874). This work inspired his career as an archeologist and his interest in Southwestern cliff dwellings. Between 1880 and 1889 Holmes worked with the U.S. Geological Survey on the Charles Dutton expedition to the Grand Canyon, while also serving as Honorary Curator of Aboriginal Ceramics for the USNM. Holmes achieved great respect for his scientific knowledge and artistic talent. By 1889 he was named Director of the Smithsonian Bureau of American Ethnology.

In 1894 Holmes moved to Chicago to manage the BAE exhibitions at the Field Columbian Museum and to teach anthropic geology at the University of Chicago. During this time he traveled with the Allison V. Armour expedition to the Yucatan. His stay in Chicago lasted until 1897 when he returned to the Smithsonian as Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology. In 1902 he resigned to become the BAE Chief.

Holmes was the natural choice for the Gallery's first Curator. An accomplished artist and advocate of the arts, he was often consulted on questions of exhibition and art before the NGA existed. Holmes can be placed within the tradition of American artist-scientists exemplified by Thomas Jefferson and Charles Willson Peale. His sketches of natural history specimens were highly regarded and are still used by scientists today. As a painter, Holmes is grouped in the "Washington Landscape School." His style appears impressionistic (especially his later work), although he would have rejected that label; Holmes was artistically conservative, and spoke against the aberrations of such artists as Matisse. Leila Mechlin, Washington art critic, considered him one of the best watercolorists in the country.

During his tenure with the National Gallery, the collections grew considerably, adding the Johnston and Evans Collections, as well as the A. R. and M. H. Eddy Collection of miniatures and paintings (1918), the Ralph Cross Johnson and Alfred Duane Pell Collections of European masters (1919), the Henry Ward Ranger bequest (1920), and the John Gellatly Collection (1929), a significant gift of American Renaissance works, decorative arts, and European masters. Holmes also saw the addition of the National Portrait Committee, formed in 1919 to document America's role in World War I.

Space for the national art works was always an issue for the Gallery. Holmes continually lobbied for a separate building to house the Gallery, appealing to America's patriotism and belief in civilization. In its early years, collections were housed in designated areas throughout the Castle and the National Museum Building. When the new museum building, now the Natural History Building, was completed in 1910, the Gallery was allowed space in its central skylighted hall, and a small opening was held March 17, 1910. This, however, was inadequate, and limited both the Smithsonian's art and natural history interests. Donors often hesitated to give to the Gallery due to these space limitations. In 1923 Senator Henry Cabot Lodge led a Congressional motion to set aside space on the Mall east of the Natural History Building for a new American art and history building. The Smithsonian was obligated to raise funds for construction. The Regents raised $10,000 for initial planning costs, and commissioned Freer architect Charles A. Platt to design the new museum. National organizations, most significantly women's clubs, helped campaign for a Gallery building, but did not raise the necessary monies.

In 1920, the Regents established the National Gallery of Art as a separate Smithsonian bureau. Holmes ended his ties with the National Museum and became the Gallery's first Director. As head of the NGA for nearly thirty years, Holmes assembled a remarkable program of exhibitions, organized the meager and scattered collections, and remained committed to the artistic community. He was a member of several art organizations, including the Washington Water Color Club, and was a charter member of the Cosmos Club, in which he promoted art interests.

Holmes retired from the National Gallery in 1932 and died in 1933. He was succeeded by Ruel Pardee Tolman (1878-1954). Tolman was born in Brookfield, Vermont, and educated in California, where he studied art at the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art, the Los Angeles School of Art and Design, and the University of California at Berkeley. Tolman moved to Washington, D.C., in 1902, where he studied at the Corcoran School of Art (1902-1905) and at the National Academy of Design in New York (1906). He taught at the Corcoran between 1906 and 1918 and was employed in the Graphic Arts Division of the USNM, where he eventually became Curator. He remained with Graphic Arts when he was named Acting Director of the NGA (1932-1946); and later resigned his curatorship to become Director of NGA (1946-1948).

In the late 1930s Andrew Mellon donated his considerable collection for a new gallery of art. In 1937 his collection became the National Gallery of Art, administered by an independent board of trustees, in cooperation with the Smithsonian, and housed in a new building at 7th Street and Constitution Avenue. The former National Gallery was renamed the National Collection of Fine Arts (NCFA), with Tolman continuing as Acting Director and art works remaining in the Natural History Building "art hall." From the 1930s forward, the NCFA focused more exclusively on American art, and the new National Gallery concerned itself primarily with European Masters.

Tolman resigned from the NCFA in 1948, succeeded by Thomas M. Beggs. During Beggs's administration (1948-1964), Alice Pike Barney, Washington painter, donated part of her collection (1951), which became the core of an extensive lending program later established by Natalie Clifford Barney and Mrs. Laura Dreyfus-Barney, and her Sheridan Circle studio home for meeting purposes (1960).

In 1957 the NCFA, still without a home of its own, was granted use of the Old Patent Office Building, scheduled for demolition but preserved by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The NCFA and the Portrait Gallery were transferred to the Patent Office Building in 1962 and opened on May 6, 1968. NCFA portraits were delegated to the Portrait Gallery, decorative arts to the new National Museum of History and Technology, and other works to various Smithsonian bureaus. In 1972 Smithsonian-owned exhibits of crafts and design were removed from storage in the Corcoran Gallery of Art and the U.S. Court of Claims into the new Renwick Gallery.
Chronology:
1816-1838 -- Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts & Sciences founded in Washington, D.C.

1829 -- John Varden Museum founded, later becomes Washington Museum (1836)

1840-1862 -- National Institution for the Promotion of Science is: founded (1840); combined with Varden collection and Columbian Institute (1840-1841); incorporated by Congress as the National Institute (1842)

1846 -- Smithsonian Institution founded

December 1, 1846 -- William Henry Holmes born near Cadiz, Ohio

1849 -- George P. Marsh etchings and engravings purchased by Secretary Joseph Henry

1858 -- Government art works moved from Patent Office Building

1862 -- Collections from National Institute are transferred to Smithsonian at expiration of charter

1865 -- Castle fire (January 24); surviving works moved to Library of Congress (prints and drawings) and to Corcoran (paintings and sculptures)

1865 -- Holmes receives teaching certificate in Ohio

1868 -- Ruel Pardee Tolman born in Brookfield, Vermont

1870 -- Holmes graduates from McNeely Normal School, Hopedale, Ohio

1871 -- Holmes hired by Smithsonian as illustrator

1872-1877 -- Holmes joins U.S. Survey of the Territories under Ferdinand V. Hayden as artist-topographer; appointed assistant geologist (1874)

1878 -- Cosmos Club founded, Holmes is charter member

1879 -- Catlin collection of Indian paintings donated

1879 -- National Museum Building completed (now Arts & Industries Building)

1879-1880 -- Holmes studies and travels in Europe

1880-1889 -- Holmes joins U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Charles Dutton expedition to Grand Canyon

1882-1889 -- Holmes is Honorary Curator of Aboriginal Ceramics, USNM

1883 -- Holmes marries Kate Clifton Osgood, genre painter, teacher at Madeira School (October); they have two children, Osgood and William Heberling

1889-1893 -- Holmes is Director of the Smithsonian Bureau of American Ethnology

1894-1897 -- Holmes moves to Chicago as professor of anthropic geology at the University of Chicago, and Head Curator of Anthropology at the Field Columbian Museum; joins Allison V. Armour expedition to Yucatan (1894)

1896 -- Remainder of Smithsonian art works recalled to Castle; Secretary Langley creates "art room" on second floor displaying copies of masterpieces

1897-1902 -- Tolman studies at Mark Hopkins Institute of Art, the Los Angeles School of Art & Design, and the University of California at Berkeley

1897-1902 -- Holmes is Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology, USNM

1898 -- Holmes wins Loubat Prize for achievement in archeology

1902-1905 -- Tolman studies at the Corcoran School of Art

1902-1909 -- Holmes is Chief of Bureau of American Ethnology

1903 -- Harriet Lane Johnston bequeaths collection of European and American works to a "national gallery of art"

December 6, 1904 -- President Theodore Roosevelt proposes a National Gallery of Art, no Congressional action taken

1905 -- Holmes elected to National Academy of Sciences

1905-1906 -- Charles Lang Freer offers collection of Asian art to Smithsonian with conditions to bequeath art and building after his death; formally accepted by Regents in 1906; suit filed with District of Columbia Supreme Court over Johnston collection (February 7); court order gives collection to Smithsonian (July 18); collection delivered (August 3)

1906-1918 -- Tolman teaches at Corcoran and works in Graphic Arts Division of U.S. National Museum

1906 -- National Gallery of Art officially established

1906-1920 -- NGA administered by USNM, Holmes is Curator

1907 -- William T. Evans donates contemporary American art works

March 17, 1910 -- Natural History Building opened; small opening for NGA exhibition space

1910-1920 -- Holmes is Head Curator of Department of Anthropology, USNM

1912-1946 -- Tolman is Curator of Graphic Arts, USNM

1915 -- Group of French artists donate 82 drawings in appreciation of American assistance in WWI

1916 -- Charles Lang Freer authorizes the immediate construction of a building designed by Charles A. Platt to house his collection

1917 -- Approval given to add National Portrait Gallery to the NGA

1918 -- A. R. and M. H. Eddy donate collection of miniatures and paintings

1918 -- Holmes receives Doctor of Sciences degree from George Washington University

1919 -- Ralph Cross Johnson donates his collection of paintings, largely European masters; Rev. Alfred Duane Pell donates European masters

1919 -- Henry Ward Ranger bequests money for art works which are to eventually reside in the NGA

September 25, 1919 -- Charles Lang Freer dies

1919 -- Holmes wins second Loubat Prize

July 1, 1920 -- Congress establishes the NGA as a separate Smithsonian bureau

1920 -- Freer Gallery opens in December, John E. Lodge is Curator

1920-1932 -- Holmes is Director of National Gallery of Art

1923 -- Congress sets aside space on Mall east of Natural History for American history and art; lack of funds prevents construction of building designed by Charles A. Platt

1923 -- Walter Beck donates Civil War Portraits

1923 -- World War I portraits displayed in NGA; beginning of Portrait Gallery

1925 -- Kate Clifton Osgood Holmes dies

1925 -- Mrs. John B. Henderson offers land (4-5 acres) on Meridian Hill, facing 16th Street, for gallery building

1926 -- Resolution favors the establishment of the National Portrait Gallery as a unit of the NGA

1926 -- Holmes' left leg amputated as a result of blood poisoning

1929 -- John Gellatly Collection gift of over 100 American Renaissance works and decorative arts and old European masters promised to the NGA; the collection to remain in the Heckscher Building in New York City for four years

June 30, 1932 -- Holmes retires

1932-1946 -- Ruel P. Tolman is Acting Director of NGA

April 20, 1933 -- Holmes dies in Royal Oak, Michigan

1933 -- Gellatly Collection transferred to the Smithsonian (May 1); opened to the public (June 1)

1937 -- National Gallery becomes the National Collection of Fine Arts; the Andrew Mellon collection becomes the National Gallery of Art

August 26, 1937 -- Andrew W. Mellon dies

1937-1938 -- Smithsonian Gallery of Art competition, building never constructed

1938 -- Congress authorizes space on Mall across from Mellon National Gallery for NCFA use, no money is made available

July 28, 1946 -- Tolman named Director of NCFA

1948 -- Tolman resigns from NCFA (March 31); Thomas M. Beggs succeeds him (Assistant Director, July 30, 1947; Director, April 1, 1948-1964)

1951 -- Alice Pike Barney, painter, donates part of her collection, which is the foundation for an extensive lending program established by Natalie Clifford Barney and Mrs. Laura Dreyfus-Barney; and her Sheridan Circle studio home is later donated for conferences (1960)

August 24, 1954 -- Ruel P. Tolman dies

1957 -- Old Patent Office Building, scheduled for demolition, is granted by President Eisenhower to the NCFA and Portrait Gallery

1962 -- NCFA and Portrait Gallery transferred to new home

1965-1968 -- David W. Scott is Director of the NCFA

May 6, 1968 -- NCFA officially opens in the Old Patent Office Building

1969 -- Robert Tyler Davis becomes Interim Director of NCFA

1970-1979 -- Joshua C. Taylor is NCFA Director

1972 -- Renwick Gallery opened
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 311, National Collection of Fine Arts. Office of the Director, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 311
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0311
Online Media:

Old Kentucky Home - Life in the South, (painting)

Title:
Negro Life in the South, (painting)
Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
On loan to New-York Historical Society 170 Central Park West New York New York 10024 Accession Number: 5-225
Lent by New York Public Library Fifth Avenue & 42nd Street New York New York 10018
Date:
1859
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Ethnic  Search this
Architecture exterior--Domestic  Search this
Performing Arts--Music  Search this
Animal  Search this
Control number:
IAP 36362633
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_47241

The Fisherman (Boy Fishing), (painting)

Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cleveland Museum of Art 11150 East Boulevard Cleveland Ohio 44106
Date:
Ca. 1865
Topic:
Figure male--Child--Full length  Search this
Recreation--Sport & Play--Fishing  Search this
Landscape--River  Search this
Control number:
IAP 41000122
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_52264

Winding Yarn, (painting)

Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cleveland Museum of Art 11150 East Boulevard Cleveland Ohio 44106
Date:
1872
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Architecture interior--Domestic--House  Search this
Architecture interior--Detail--Fireplace  Search this
Occupation--Domestic--Sewing  Search this
Control number:
IAP 41000123
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_52265

Corn-Shelling, (painting)

Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Medium:
Oil on academy board
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Toledo Museum of Art 2445 Monroe Street Toledo Ohio 43601 Accession Number: 24.35
Date:
1864
Topic:
Architecture interior--Farm--Barn  Search this
Figure group--Male & Child  Search this
Object--Vegetable--Corn  Search this
Occupation--Farm  Search this
Control number:
IAP 42520099
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_53693

Adelbert Barnes Stone, (painting)

Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Subject:
Stone, Adelbert Barnes  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Case Western Reserve University 10900 Euclid Avenue Cleveland Ohio 44106
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 81650220
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_214909

Charles W. West, (painting)

Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Subject:
West, Charles W  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Cincinnati Art Museum Eden Park Cincinnati Ohio 45202-1596 Accession Number: 1882.125
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 81650232
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_214921

B. J. Blommers, (painting)

Painter:
Eakins, Thomas 1844-1916  Search this
Subject:
Bloomers, Bernardus Johannes  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Culture:
Dutch  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Toledo Museum of Art 2445 Monroe Street Toledo Ohio 43601 Accession Number: 37.16
Date:
1904
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Ethnic  Search this
Occupation--Art--Painter  Search this
Control number:
IAP 42520051
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_53647

Sugaring Off, (painting)

Painter:
Johnson, Eastman 1824-1906  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Butler Institute of American Art 524 Wick Avenue Youngstown Ohio 44502
Date:
1865
Topic:
Landscape--Farm  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Occupation--Farm  Search this
Control number:
IAP 42830025
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_53892

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