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Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
6567 Slides (photographs) (11 Binders, color)
14 Documents (1 Binder)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Nigerians  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Fulani  Search this
Nuba  Search this
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Turkana  Search this
Pokot  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Documents
Color slides
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Lagos (Nigeria)
Date:
1961-circa 2005
Summary:
The collection consists of 6,567 color slides taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg during various field studies among the Yoruba in southwest Nigeria between 1961 and circa 2005. The images depict Yoruba art and culture with a special focus on artisans, art objects, body arts, costume, festivals, hairstyles, indigenous photography, weaving and textiles. Cultural events depicted include Balufon festivals, Egungun and Gelede masquerades, social events (weddings, christenings, funerals), and religious ceremonies (initiation and animal sacrifice). Also included are various scenes of daily life, architecture, food preparation, markets, portraits and landscapes. Houlberg extensively documented Yoruba artists in the process of creating their art, including carvers Yesufu Ejigboye, Runshewe, and Lamidi Fakeye, as well as the final pieces themselves. Houlberg documentated art in situ, such as Yoruba house posts, shrines, wall art and wood doors and art objects, including Gelede masks, Ibeji (twin) and Eshu figures, Osanyin staffs, and Ogboni and Shango shrines. Manuscript and printed materials, including Houlberg's resume, thesis, and numerous published articles are also available in this collection.
Scope and Contents note:
This 6,567 slide collection documents Houlberg's studies in Southwestern Nigeria spanning from 1961 to circa 2005. The collection primarily includes photos of people, including the Ogboni, Pokot, Yoruba, Turkana and Igbo, shrines, festivals and rituals, art objects, and artists. A particular strength of the collection are photos of Balufon festivals, Egungun and Gelede masquerades, social events (weddings, christenings, funerals), and religious ceremonies (initiation and animal sacrifice). Also included are various scenes of daily life, architecture, food preparation, markets, portraits and landscapes. Houlberg mostly photographed in Ilishan, Ikenne, Ilara, Shagamu, Lagos, Ijebu-Ode, and Egbe.

Houlberg extensively documented Yoruba artists in the process of creating their art, including carvers Yesufu Ejigboye, Runshewe, and Lamidi Fakeye, as well as the final pieces themselves. Houlberg documentated art in situ, such as Yoruba house posts, shrines, wall art, wood doors and art objects, including Gelede masks, Ibeji (twin) and Eshu figures, Osanyin staffs, and Ogboni and Shango shrines. Several Yoruba art forms, including photography, scarification tattoos, and textiles (both cloth and dress), are represented in the collection. Additionally, there are numerous slides of Yoruba hairstyles, many of which she published in her article, Social Hair: Tradition and Change in Yoruba Hairstyles in Southwestern Nigeria.

Yoruba ritual specialists, such as Ife-olu Solaru, Olufunke, and Yesufu Ejigboye, appear frequently throughout the collection. Houlberg documented her many stays with these individuals over the years.

There is also one binder of manuscript and printed materials, including Houlberg's resume, thesis, and numerous published articles.
Arrangement note:
The collection is organized into 29 series according to subject. The series descriptions correspond with particular subjects used in Houlberg's teaching and lectures. All slides were kept in the order in which they were donated.

Series 1: African Hairstyles, circa 1973-1994 (Binder 1; 212 slides)

Series 2: Egungun Festival, 1961-circa 1988 (Binder 1; 362 slides)

Series 3: Gelede, circa 1969-circa 1989 (Binder 2; 301 slides)

Series 4: Ibeji Twins, circa 1969-circa 1990 (Binders 2-3; 854 slides)

Series 5: Ogboni Art Objects and Shrines, circa 1969-circa 1982 (Binder 4; 92 slides)

Series 6: Art Objects Depicting Ogun, circa 1969-circa 1983 (Binder 4; 56 slides)

Series 7: Olojufoforo Art and Festivities, circa 1968-circa 1975 (Binder 4; 21 slides)

Series 8: Yoruba People, Architecture, and Art, circa 1969-circa 1985 (Binder 4; 260 slides)

Series 9: Carving, Art Objects and Artists, and Scenes of Daily Life, circa 1973-circa 1988 (Binder 4; 201 slides)

Series 10: Yoruba Art, circa 1971-circa 1983 (Binder 5; 49 slides)

Series 11: Yoruba Textiles, circa 1973-circa 1983 (Binder 5; 84 slides)

Series 12: Yoruba, Miscellaneous, circa 1967-circa 1989 (Binder 5; 251 slides)

Series 13: African Art, Textiles People, and Dwellings, circa 1963-circa 1983 (Binder 6; 58 slides)

Series 14: Ibo Mbari and Igbo Peoples and Artwork, circa 1967-circa 1985 (Binder 6; 212 slides)

Series 15: Art and Ceremonies, circa 1967-circa 1991 (Binder 6; 493 slides)

Series 16: Body Arts, Nuba People (Sudan) and Fulani and Bororo People (Niger), circa 1973-circa 1979 (Binder 7; 64 slides)

Series 17: People, Scenic Views and Animals of Kenya, Sudan, Angola, and Ghana, circa 1972-circa 1985 (Binder 7; 168 slides)

Series 18: Peoples and Arts of Ghana, Mali, and the Ivory Coast, circa 1966-circa 1992 (Binder 7; 406 slides)

Series 19: Published Maps and Photos, circa 1968-circa 1985 (Binder 8; 70 slides)

Series 20: Nigerian Masks and Art Objects, circa 1967-circa 1978 (Binder 8; 396 slides)

Series 21: Yoruba Festivals, People, and Art in Nigeria, circa 1967-circa 1988 (Binders 8-9; 128 slides)

Series 22: Yoruba Photography and Textiles, circa 1975-circa 1983 (Binder 9; 54 slides)

Series 23: Ife-Olu, Ilishan, circa 1980-circa 1988 (Binder 9; 87 slides)

Series 24: Yoruba Festivals, People, Hairstyles, Ibeji Objects, Eshu Figures, and Oya and Orishala Priests, Priestesses, and Shrines, circa 1966-circa 1988 (Binder 9; 168 slides)

Series 25: Shango, circa 1970-circa 1983 (Binder 10, 162 slides)

Series 26: Ara Festival, 1975 (Binder 10; 174 slides)

Series 27: Ceremonies and Festivals, Portraits, Art and Ceremonial Objects, Domestic and Market Scenes, circa 1969-circa 2005 (Binders 10-11; 759 slides)

Series 28: Yoruba Art Objects, and Domestic, Work, and Festival Scenes, circa 1971-circa 1983 (Binder 11; 104 slides)

Series 29: Manuscript and Printed Materials, 1973-circa 2005 (Binder 12)
Biographical/Historical note:
Artist, anthropologist, and art historian Dr. Marilyn Hammersley Houlberg was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1939. Houlberg received an Associate of Arts degree from Wright Junior College (1959) and a BFA from the University of Chicago (1963). After graduating, she traveled to North Africa and explored Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. In 1964, Houlberg researched Haitian art, religion, and indigenous photography in Haiti and in 1965 was awarded a scholarship for graduate study from the University of Chicago. There she completed her MAT in Art History in 1967. Following graduation, Houlberg worked at the Nigerian Museum in Lagos, where she documented Yoruba sculpture, masquerades, religion, body art, and indigenous photography.

She began her teaching career at the University of Chicago as a lecturer on African art and African civilization, working there from 1971 to 1973. At the University of London, Houlberg earned a Masters in Anthropology, producing the thesis Yoruba Twin Sculpture and Ritual (1973). She also extensively photographed her travels abroad in Yorubaland. Between 1974 and 1990, Houlberg taught at the University of Chicago, Columbia College, Kalamazoo College, and Northwestern University. From 1974 to 2008 she continued teaching at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, lecturing on Yoruba art and ritual in West Africa and the New World, and the art and ritual of Vodou in Haiti.

Houlberg has lectured worldwide at numerous museums and symposiums since 1972, including in Lagos, Nigeria; Jacmel, Haiti; Toronto, Canada; Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; and Cologne, Germany. Her essays have been published in several issues of African Arts. Some of Houlberg's significant publications include Arts of the Water Spirits of Haitian Vodou, in Sacred Waters: Arts for Mami Wata and Other Divinities in Africa and the Diaspora (2008) and Water Spirits of Haitian Vodou: Lasiren, Queen of Mermaids, in Mami-Wata: Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and the African-Atlantic World (2008). The exhibition Mami-Wata at the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art (2009) featured her photographs.
Provenance:
Marilyn Houlberg, 733 West 18th St., Chicago, IL 60616, Donation, 20050320, 2005-0002
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Weavers  Search this
Artists  Search this
Topic:
Shrines  Search this
Masks  Search this
Domestic scenes  Search this
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Ethnology -- Nigeria  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Hairstyles -- Africa  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Marketplaces  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Ere ibeji  Search this
Works of art in situ  Search this
Art, African  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Festivals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Photographic prints
Photographs
Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2005-002

The Gelede masked dance and Ketu society : the role of the transvestite masquerade in placating powerful women while maintaining the patrilineal ideology

Author:
Babatunde, Emmanuel D  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Benin
Date:
1988
Topic:
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Gelede dance  Search this
Cross-dressing in art  Search this
Ketu masquerades  Search this
Masks, Yoruba  Search this
Call number:
GN654.A4 T332
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_514042

Masquerading politics : kinship, gender, and ethnicity in a Yoruba town / John Thabiti Willis

Author:
Willis, John Thabiti 1976-  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 198 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Texts
History
Place:
Nigeria
Otta
Otta (Nigeria)
Date:
2018
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Yoruba (African people)--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Masks, Yoruba--History  Search this
Masquerades--History  Search this
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105822

Foreign presence in local Vodun / Dana Rush

Author:
Rush, Dana 1966-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Sousa, Francisco Félix de 1754-1849  Search this
Vodun (Cult)  Search this
Vodun (Cult)  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Benin
Ghana
Fort St. Jean-Baptiste (Ouidah, Benin)
Ouidah (Benin)
Date:
2013
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Portuguese  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Orisha religion  Search this
Yoruba divination boards (Flat objects)  Search this
Fon divination  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
BL2470.D3 R87 2013
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1097706

Gelede : usare il potere della bellezza per ristabilire l'armonia sociale / di Giovanna Parodi da Passano

Author:
Parodi da Passano, M. Giovanna  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
2012
Topic:
Gelede masquerades  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A475
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090030

Wereld in Beweging : Gelede-marionetten van de Anago-Yoruba = World in motion : Gelede puppets of the Anago Yoruba / Hans Witte ; fotografie Ferry Herrebrugh

Title:
World in motion : Gelede puppets of the Anago Yoruba
Author:
Witte, Hans Dr  Search this
Herrebrugh, Ferry  Search this
Heijs-Voorhuis, Ursula  Search this
Afrika Museum (Berg en Dal, Netherlands)  Search this
Physical description:
98 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 32 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Nigeria
Benin
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
Masks, Yoruba  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Puppets  Search this
Wood-carving, Yoruba  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Women, Yoruba--Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Folk dancing, Yoruba  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_773587

Banalisation et profanation / Josette Rivallain et Félix A. Iroko

Author:
Rivallain, Josette  Search this
Iroko, Abiola Félix  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Benin
Date:
2000
Topic:
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Call number:
DT515.45.Y67 R58 2000X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_658458

Ouidah à travers ses fêtes et patrimoines familiaux

Author:
West African Museums Project, Dakar  Search this
Musée d'histoire de Ouidah  Search this
Physical description:
82 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Benin
Ouidah
Ouidah (Benin)
Date:
1995
Topic:
Festivals  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
DT541.9.O9 O93 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_501285

The praise-names of Our Mothers in Efe performances : classification and analysis

Author:
Ìbítókun, Benedict M  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1987
Topic:
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Gelede masquerade performance  Search this
Yoruba cults  Search this
Call number:
DT515.A1 N68
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_518890

On the art of the Yoruba

Author:
Fagg, William Buller  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1982
Topic:
Art, Yoruba  Search this
Ife art  Search this
Ere ibeji  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Ogboni (Cult)--Art  Search this
Epa masks (Costume)  Search this
Edan  Search this
Call number:
NB1099.N5 F34X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_556872

The Gẹ̀lẹ̀dẹ́ spectacle : art, gender, and social harmony in an African culture / Babatunde Lawal

Author:
Lawal, Babatunde 1942-  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 327 p. [16] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Masks, Yoruba  Search this
Folk dancing, Yoruba  Search this
Women, Yoruba--Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_498258

Ẹfẹ/Gẹlẹdẹ ceremonies among the western Yoruba [videorecording] / by Henry John Drewal

Title:
Gelede ceremonies among the western Yoruba
Author:
Drewal, Henry John  Search this
Physical description:
1 DVD (ca. 25 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in. + video notes sheet
Type:
Videorecordings
Place:
Nigeria
Benin
Date:
1992
C1992]
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Yoruba (African people)--Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Call number:
DT515.45.Y67 E35
video 001068
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_936932

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