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Baskin, Esther and Leonard (Gehenna Press)

Collection Creator:
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1953-1962
Scope and Contents note:
(includes letter and notes from Shahn)
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ben Shahn papers
Ben Shahn papers / Series 2: Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91a54abca-337c-4ce1-a22f-3e08ff9a603c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-shahben-ref109

Biographical Sketches

Collection Creator:
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1947-1961
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ben Shahn papers
Ben Shahn papers / Series 1: Biographical and Family Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9502c0fb0-3856-4a02-9c19-a02a46d276c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-shahben-ref17
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Oral history interview with Leonard Baskin, 1969 April 17

Interviewee:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12706
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212532
AAA_collcode_baskin69
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212532

J. B. Neumann papers, 1905-1967

Creator:
Neumann, J. B. (Jsrael Ber), 1887-1961  Search this
Neumann, J. B. (Jsrael Ber), 1887-1961  Search this
Subject:
Beckmann, Max  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Morrison, Helen Balfour  Search this
Kandinsky, Wassily  Search this
White, Clarence H.  Search this
Schmid, Elsa  Search this
New Art Circle (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artlover  Search this
Gehenna Press  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- History  Search this
Art -- Periodicals  Search this
Theme:
Art Market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9191
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211386
AAA_collcode_neumjsra
Theme:
Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211386
Online Media:

Gehenna Press

Collection Creator:
Esther Bear Gallery (Santa Barbara, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1966
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther Bear Gallery records, 1928-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther Bear Gallery records
Esther Bear Gallery records / Series 1: Administrative Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c7ec5e37-c2ef-44fd-ab99-7773247646f2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-estebeag-ref49

Oral history interview with Leonard Baskin

Interviewee:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Extent:
54 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1969 April 17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Leonard Baskin conducted by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Leonard Baskin (1922-2000) was a sculptor and graphic artist from Leeds, Massachusetts and Devon, England. Baskin was born 1922, in New Brunswick, New Jersey and died Northampton, Massachusetts, June 3, 2000, age 77. Worked on FDR memorial in Washington, D.C. Studied at Yale University. Founded the Gehenna Press in 1942. Taught at Smith College, in Northampton, Massachusetts, 1953-1974, and Hampshire College, in Amherst, MA, 1984-1994.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 1 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Draftsmen (artists) -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.baskin69
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94a31b254-7273-4204-bf05-c2aed79b3ff2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-baskin69
Online Media:

J. B. Neumann papers

Creator:
Neumann, J. B. (Jsrael Ber)  Search this
Names:
Artlover  Search this
Gehenna Press  Search this
New Art Circle (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Beckmann, Max, 1884-1950  Search this
Kandinsky, Wassily, 1866-1944  Search this
Morrison, Helen Balfour, 1901-1984  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Schmid, Elsa, 1897-  Search this
Photographer:
White, Clarence H., 1871-1925  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Date:
1905-1967
Summary:
The papers of gallery director, art dealer and publisher Jsrael Ber Neumann (1887-1961) measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1967. The papers document Neumann's career as the director of galleries in Berlin and Munich, Germany (1910-1924) as well as the New Art Circle gallery in New York City (1924-1952). Neumann was a respected art dealer, publisher of Artlover periodical, founder of Gehenna Press, and frequent lecturer. Found within his papers are correspondence with artists and museums, writings, printed materials mostly comprised of exhibition catalogues, artwork, and photographic materials.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of gallery director, art dealer and publisher Jsrael Ber Neumann (1887-1961) measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1967. The papers document Neumann's career as the director of galleries in Berlin and Munich, Germany (1910-1924) as well as the New Art Circle gallery in New York City (1924-1952). Neumann was a respected art dealer, publisher of Artlover periodical, founder of Gehenna Press, and frequent lecturer. Found within his papers are correspondence with artists and museums, writings, printed materials mostly comprised of exhibition catalogues, artwork, and photographic materials.

Correspondence is between Neumann and friends, colleagues, and museums. There is also correspondence with notable artists, including Josef Albers, Leonard Baskin, Max Beckmann, Wassily Kandinsky, and Abraham Rattner, among others. There are also condolence letters from friends and colleagues to Elsa Schmid, Neumann's wife.

Scattered writings consist of typescript drafts of Neumann's speeches and one article on expressionism. There is also one speech written by curator Richard Klein.

Printed materials comprise the bulk of the collection and include a bound gallery guest register, a disbound scrapbook, exhibition catalogs and announcements, brochures, magazines, posters, and news clippings. There are many exhibition catalogs from Neumann's galleries in Berlin and Munich as well as from the New Art Circle gallery in New York. Artwork consists of two etchings and one drawing by an unknown artist or artists.

Photographic materials include black and white photographs and negatives, including notable portraits of Neumann by photographers Helen Balfour Morrison, Clarence White, and Hans Namuth.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 5 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, 1925-1961 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Writings, 1919, 1954-circa 1960 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Printed Materials, 1910-1967 (1.7 linear feet; Box 1-4)

Series 4: Artwork, 1919-circa 1960 (3 folders; Box 3-4)

Series 5: Photographic Materials, 1905-circa 1950 (0.2 linear feet; Box 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
J. B. (Jsrael Ber) Neumann (1887-1961) was a gallery director, art dealer and publisher. After immigrating to the U.S., Neumann founded the New Art Circle Gallery in New York City. Before then, he had art galleries in Berlin, Munich, Dusseldorf and Bremen, Germany.

J. B. Neumann was born in Austria in 1887. His father was an oil and lumber dealer. Neumann initially studied business but later apprenticed to a book and picture dealer when he was nineteen. While working as a clerk in a large bookstore in London, Neumann had the opportunity to work at the rare book dealer's table in the British Museum. The job allowed him to assess and handle fine and rare books, starting a lifelong passion, and Neumann went on to amass a substantial personal library.

In 1910, Neumann returned to Berlin, Germany and in 1911 opened a book and art shop where he exhibited the work of Edvard Munch and others. Neumann had many friends who were artists and in 1915-1916 he was secretary to the Berlin Secession, a prominent German artist association. By 1922 Neumann had branch offices in Bremen, Dusseldorf and Munich.

Neumann immigrated to America in 1923 and left the Berlin gallery to the directorship of Karl Nierendorf and the Munich gallery to G√ľnther Franke. Neumann settled in New York City and one year later he opened a 57th Street gallery and bookshop, first called J.B. Neumann's Print Room and later the New Art Circle gallery. He supported numerous artists, including Wassily Kandinsky, Max Beckmann, Paul Klee, and Georges Rouault. Elsa Schmid, Neumann's wife, was an artist who worked in mosaics.

Neumann also worked as a publisher. He created the printing company Gehenna Press and published a series of periodicals including Bilderhefte (Berlin, 1920-1922) and Artlover (New York, 1926-1945, 1959). The New Art Circle gallery closed circa 1952 and, after working as its director for nearly three decades, Neumann became a consultant for museums and collectors. He was also a lecturer and he frequently spoke about art at universities, museums and galleries.

Neumann died in Rye, New York on April 28, 1961. He is survived by his widow, Elsa Schmid (d. 1970); two sons, Peter and Albrecht; and a daughter, Mrs. Johanna Lam.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds a collection of Josef Albers letters to J. B. Neumann, 1934-1947 on microfilm reel 911.

Additional J.B. Neumann papers are also located at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The museum microfilmed a portion of these papers and donated a copy of that film to the Archives. This material may be viewed on reel NJBN5 at Archives of American Art offices, affliate centers, and via interlibrary loan.
Separated Materials:
Also available at the Archives of American Art are materials lent for microfilming (reels NJBN-1- NJBN-5) including correspondence with numerous artists, art critics, museum directors and others. The materials on reel NJBN-1- NJBN-4 were returned to Neumann's wife, Elsa Schmid and the original material on reel NJBN-5 is located at The Museum of Modern Art in New York, NY. Loaned material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Neuman's wife, Elsa Schmid and The Museum of Modern Art lent the Archives of American Art material for microfilming in 1966-1967. The rest of the J.B. Neumann papers were donated in several installments between 1973-2007 by Eva Lee (family friend), Joy Weber, Max Weber's daughter, Neil Richmond, and Hellie Neumann, J.B. Neumann's granddaughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Publishers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- History  Search this
Art -- Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Citation:
J. B. Neumann papers, 1905-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.neumjsra
See more items in:
J. B. Neumann papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a841e037-5cca-486a-a45e-bb0239fc0adb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-neumjsra
Online Media:

Baskins, Leonard and Gehenna Press (from Delphic Arts)

Collection Creator:
Fendrick Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 73, Folder 25
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use of unmicrofilmed material requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Fendrick Gallery records, 1952-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Fendrick Gallery records
Fendrick Gallery records / Series 6: Subject Files / Artists' Cards
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95f9e0535-5761-48dd-8966-9313ce7b980b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-fendgall-ref1102

Diptera, A Book of Flies and Other Insects

Maker:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 31.8 cm x 22.9 cm; 12 17/32 in x 9 1/32 in
Object Name:
leaflet
Object Type:
Halftone
Letterpress
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts
ID Number:
1988.0135.03
Accession number:
1988.0135
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4a356f449-ea8c-7c97-e053-15f76fa08820
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1976369

The Gehenna Press is pleased

Maker:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 29.2 cm x 20.7 cm; 11 1/2 in x 8 5/32 in
Object Name:
sheet (paper)
Object Type:
Letterpress
Place made:
United States: Maine
ID Number:
1988.0135.01
Accession number:
1988.0135
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4a356f449-ea88-7c97-e053-15f76fa08820
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1976364

Benjamin Franklin

Maker:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 41.5 cm x 24.8 cm; 16 11/32 in x 9 3/4 in
Object Name:
leaflet
Object Type:
Line Cut
Letterpress
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts
ID Number:
1988.0135.04
Accession number:
1988.0135
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4a356f449-ea8e-7c97-e053-15f76fa08820
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1976371

The Gehenna Press

Maker:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 25.4 cm x 17.2 cm; 10 in x 6 25/32 in
Object Name:
print
leaflet
Object Type:
Letterpress
Place made:
United States: Maine
ID Number:
1988.0135.02
Accession number:
1988.0135
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4a356f449-ea8a-7c97-e053-15f76fa08820
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1976367

Four New Gehenna Press Books

Printer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Object Name:
Print
Other Terms:
Print; Wood Cut
ID Number:
1980.0576.620
Accession number:
1980.0576
Catalog number:
1980.0576.620
80.0576.620
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-faa5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_793861

List of Gehenna Press Books

Printer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Object Name:
Print
Other Terms:
Print; Wood Cut
ID Number:
1980.0576.619
Accession number:
1980.0576
Catalog number:
1980.0576.619
80.0576.619
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-faa4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_793860

Hippolytus

Printer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Object Name:
Print
Other Terms:
Print; Wood Cut
ID Number:
1980.0576.599
Accession number:
1980.0576
Catalog number:
1980.0576.599
80.0576.599
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-faa3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_793859

The Encouragers of the Art of Printing

Printer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Object Name:
Print
Other Terms:
Print; Wood Cut
ID Number:
1980.0576.596
Accession number:
1980.0576
Catalog number:
1980.0576.596
80.0576.596
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-faa6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_793862

(Credo, portfolio) Title Page

Artist:
Richard Upton, born Hartford, CT 1931  Search this
Printer:
Erebus Press  Search this
Typographer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Medium:
typography on paper
Dimensions:
sheet: 25 5/8 x 20 3/4 in. (65.1 x 52.7 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1967
Topic:
Literature\Milton\Paradise Lost  Search this
Object\written matter\title page  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
Object number:
1969.19.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk737c3e177-2715-4526-bbab-72b97ac3a6ca
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1969.19.1

(Credo, portfolio) Untitled--Plate VIII, Paradise Lost

Artist:
Richard Upton, born Hartford, CT 1931  Search this
Printer:
Erebus Press  Search this
Typographer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 21 x 16 1/4 in. (53.3 x 41.3 cm.); sheet...
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1967
Topic:
Landscape\tree  Search this
Literature\Milton\Paradise Lost  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
Object number:
1969.19.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7ddfb2e68-536f-4be2-b5dc-57d7908c0241
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1969.19.10

(Credo, portfolio) Untitled--Plate X, Paradise Lost

Artist:
Richard Upton, born Hartford, CT 1931  Search this
Printer:
Erebus Press  Search this
Typographer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 21 x 16 1/4 in. (53.3 x 41.3 cm.); sheet...
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1967
Topic:
Figure  Search this
Literature\Milton\Paradise Lost  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
Object number:
1969.19.12
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7847ee366-3cb8-48de-b9fe-5910e023c5d6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1969.19.12

(Credo, portfolio) Untitled--Plate XI, Paradise Lost

Artist:
Richard Upton, born Hartford, CT 1931  Search this
Printer:
Erebus Press  Search this
Typographer:
Gehenna Press  Search this
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 21 x 16 1/4 in. (53.3 x 41.3 cm.); sheet...
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1967
Topic:
Figure  Search this
Literature\Milton\Paradise Lost  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
Object number:
1969.19.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk77cd88bcc-9d71-457e-8bba-959d9806d12b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1969.19.13

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