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Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote'

Life Form:
Herbaceous perennial
Bloom Characteristics:
Purple-blue flowers on terminal spikes
Foliage Characteristics:
Narrow, grey-green leaves are up to 2.5" (6.4 cm) long.
Fragrance:
Sweet (foliage and flowers)
Plant Size:
12-18" tall x 12-18" wide (30-45.7 x 30-45.7 cm)
Range:
cultivated
Topic:
Display Gardens  Search this
Living Collections  Search this
Common Name:
Common lavender cultivar
Group:
[vascular plants]
Class:
Equisetopsida
Subclass:
Magnoliidae
Superorder:
Asteranae
Order:
Lamiales
Family:
Lamiaceae
Genus:
Lavandula
Species:
angustifolia
Accession Number:
2021-0750A
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Display Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ax72b75653d-78b1-49e3-aa83-794352be47fb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:ofeo-sg_2021-0750A
Online Media:

Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote'

Life Form:
Herbaceous perennial
Bloom Characteristics:
June to August
Foliage Characteristics:
Narrow, grey-green leaves are up to 2.5" (6.4 cm) long.
Fragrance:
Sweet (foliage and flowers)
Plant Size:
12-18" tall x 12-18" wide (30-45.7 x 30-45.7 cm)
Range:
cultivated
Topic:
Display Gardens  Search this
Living Collections  Search this
Common Name:
Common lavender cultivar
Group:
[vascular plants]
Class:
Equisetopsida
Subclass:
Magnoliidae
Superorder:
Asteranae
Order:
Lamiales
Family:
Lamiaceae
Genus:
Lavandula
Species:
angustifolia
Accession Number:
2021-0755A
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Display Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ax7a0f28db1-5faf-4c6f-a63a-7e61e4586ac5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:ofeo-sg_2021-0755A
Online Media:

The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb617385372-1028-4cb7-b07d-04fea2e51c47
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

J. Horace McFarland Company collection

Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Names:
J. Horace McFarland Company  Search this
Mount Pleasant Press  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (2718 photographs: black and white; 450 glass lantern slides; 41 glass negatives; color records; plant patents; publications. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Breeze Hill (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
Pennsylvania -- Harrisburg
Date:
1899-1974
Summary:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 3,100 photographic images of private and public gardens throughout the United States, as well as some from foreign countries, dating from 1899 to 1963. Many of these images, generated for Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), were used to illustrate trade catalogs published by the firm as well as journal and newspaper articles. The collection also contains color records that were used as reference aids during the printing process, plant patents, and various publications of the McFarland Company.
Scope and Contents note:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 2,700 black and white mounted photographs, 448 glass lantern slides, and 41 glass plate negatives of gardens throughout the United States dating from 1899 to 1963. A small number of images show gardens in Austria, Canada, England, Mexico, Scotland and Wales. Many of the images, which were generated and used by the J. Horace McFarland Company to illustrate trade catalogs and journal and newspaper articles, indicate the publication(s) in which they appeared. A series of portraits of rosarians, many of them featured in Modern Roses 6, rounds out the image collection. The McFarland Collection also includes color records, plants patents, and miscellaneous publications. Color records are plant 'portraits' that were painted by McFarland Company staff artists in watercolor. They were referenced by the printing department in order to render illustrations of plants in colors as close to the originals as possible. The plant patents are patents for plants issued by the United States Patent Office. They include the plant name, source, filing and patent dates, patent number, and growth characteristics. Most are accompanied by a colored image of the plant identified in the patent. The miscellaneous publications are various pamphlets and booklets published by the J. Horace McFarland Company.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

1) Garden images (including mounted photographs, glass plate negatives, and glass lantern slides)

2) Portraits of Rosarians

3) Color Records

4) Plant Patents

5) Miscellaneous Publications
Biographical/Historical note:
Dr. J. Horace McFarland (1859-1948) was an influential civic leader, author, publisher, horticulturist, and authority on roses. His printing company, Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), was based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. It published many of the seed and nursery trade catalogs in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century and was one of the first to apply color processes to commercial print applications. J. Horace McFarland Company staffers photographed thousands of different gardens and plant specimens throughout the United States. These images were used to illustrate numerous nursery and seed catalogs, journals and books. Among its many services, the firm sold various themed lectures illustrated by sets of hand-colored glass lantern slides.

McFarland wrote over 200 articles in popular journals as well as a dozen books on roses and gardening. He served as the first president of the American Civic Association from 1904-1924 and led several local and national campaigns to protect communities and scenic areas from urban blight and overdevelopment including the city of Harrisburg and Niagara Falls. McFarland, who served as the president of the American Rose Society (1930-1932) and helped establish a standardized rose identification and registration method, used the gardens on his own 2.5 acre property in Harrisburg, "Breeze Hill," to test hundreds of varieties of roses and plant cultivars. "Breeze Hill" was used as the backdrop for many photographs taken by McFarland's firm.
Related Materials:
The Pennsylvania State Archives in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Company Records (Manuscript Group 453) and the J. Horace McFarland Papers (Manuscript Group 85).

The Historical Society of Dauphin County in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Collection (MG 229).
Separated Materials note:
The Smithsonian Institution's Botany and Horticulture Library includes seed and nursery trade catalogs, books, and published materials from the J. Horace McFarland Company.

The United States Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland has various photographic images, nursery catalogs, publications and miscellaneous records from the J. Horace McFarland Company in its J. Horace McFarland Collection.
Provenance:
Donated in 1992 by James W. Walsh, who purchased the J. Horace McFarland Company from its founder's heirs. (The business was later renamed the Roebuck Printing Company.)
Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Printers -- United States  Search this
Horticulturists  Search this
Printers -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Gardening -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Seeds -- Catalogs  Search this
Seed industry and trade -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Seed industry and trade -- Catalogs  Search this
Rose breeders -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Company Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland Company collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69dd45f0c-ce66-4097-bc0f-68f5be9a5b11
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mcf
Online Media:

Upright Motive: Maquette No. 1

Artist:
Henry Moore, British, b. Castleford, England, 1898–1986  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
12 X 3 1/4 X 2 1/2 IN. (30.3 X 8.2 X 6.2 CM.) WT: 5 LB. (2.3 KG.) INCL. BASE
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
(1955)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.3630
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
British Modernist Sculpture
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2f3d9de9b-173e-401f-a195-2cac13ad8bbc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.3630

Newport -- Wildacre

Former owner:
Olmsted, Albert H.  Search this
Greeley, Howard  Search this
Bennett, Thomas  Search this
Newlin, Lilian  Search this
Fissell, Ethel  Search this
Claggett, C. Thomas  Search this
Bove, Maria  Search this
Bove, Michael III  Search this
de Savary, Peter  Search this
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Garden designer:
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Architect:
Gill, Irving, 1870-1936  Search this
Spencer, Madison  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Gardener:
Quarry, Dave  Search this
Landscape designer:
Flanagan, Mary Ellen  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wildacre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, oversize photocopies of original plans, images, and articles.
General:
The Olmsted Brothers' 1901 design for the one-acre gardens within a seven-acre seaside property exemplified the great interest in Japonism at that time, featuring a koi pond, tea shelter, and thatch roofed parasols. The landscape design complemented California architect Irving John Gill's 1902 house, described as an Arts & Crafts variation on the New England shingle style with oriental features. The site is a rocky outcropping above a saltwater cove and the gardens highlighted natural features such as rocky outcroppings while preserving the wild character of the location. Wildacre, also known as the Japanese garden, was designed as a strolling garden with both open views of the ocean and composed garden rooms. Nearly 100 years later the garden was rejuvenated with reference to the original Olmsted plans and drawings.
The restoration included planting replacement specimen trees and adding a mixed layer of deciduous and evergreen trees as a privacy barrier along the road since the property had been reduced to 2.5 acres. A dense privet hedge clipped to resemble waves that acts as a buffer against the ocean was restored, and a gravel bocce court was installed nearby. Mostly white flowering trees, shrubs, bulbs and perennials were included in the predominantly green planting scheme. Gardens include the Japanese-themed entrance garden with a momi fir planted by Olmsted, a new Zen garden, a wisteria-covered tea shelter and surrounding garden, a pond garden, iris garden, peony garden, mountain garden and mountain top built from local rock. Many varieties of hosta, ferns, ornamental grasses, succulents, mosses, azaleas and conifers were planted throughout the property.
Persons associated with the garden include Albert H. Olmsted (1842-1929) (former owner, 1901- ); Howard Greeley (former owner, 1924- ); Thomas Bennett (former owner, 1929- ); Lilian Newlin (former owner, 1932- ); Ethel Fissell (former owner, 1935- ); C. Thomas Claggett (former owner, 1945- ); Maria Bove (former owner, 1953- ); Michael Bove III (former owner, 1982- ); Peter de Savary (former owner, 1997- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (former owner, 1998- ); Irving John Gill (1870-1936) (architect, 1902); Madison Spencer (restoration architect, 1998); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects, 1899-1902); Dave Quarry (head gardener, 1998-2013); Mary Ellen Flanagan (landscape designer, 1998- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (garden designer, 1998-2013).
See also 35mm copy of 1919 postcard in the Richard Marchand Historical Postcard Collection. Image number RI091_MAR001.
Related Materials:
Wildacre related holdings consist of 3 folders (4 35mm slides; 20 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 02261, A. H. Olmsted, 'Wildacre.'
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI091
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e74218e3-7e43-4fb4-9e55-3c50ab2048ba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10570

Newport -- The Whim

Landscape architect:
Thayer, Raymond  Search this
Gardener:
Brown, T. J.  Search this
Brown, Timothy  Search this
Ford, Jerica  Search this
Property manager:
Baptista, Anne  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Whim (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles, historic photographs, and landscape architect's plans, transcripts of interviews, and other information.
General:
The Whim is a seaside New England garden comprised of flower and shrub borders and a sunken quadrangle planted along the foundation walls of demolished greenhouses, with follies, sculptures, steps to the ocean planted with lavender, and swaths of lawn. The walls and privet hedges trimmed to calibrated heights protect the flowers from the salt spray and winds off the ocean while not blocking the view. The 3.4 acre property has other garden areas surrounding the lawns, including a border of bright blue Nikko hydrangeas that are fed aluminum sulfate, a crabapple border, a shed draped with a climbing rose, a secret garden with kousa dogwood and viburnum, and a shady garden walk alongside the house. Garden areas are named for the animal and other sculptures that are featured, including a heron by Walter Matia in the heron quadrangle, eagles at the head of the eagle borders, and rabbits copied from the ones that were at Chateau-sur-Mer, a Newport mansion.
This property was once part of a larger property that had gardens designed by Beatrix Farrand for her aunt, the author Edith Wharton. The Evangeline climbing rose that covers the tool shed was transplanted from the Wharton garden many years ago, and renamed the Miss Newport rose by the owner. Friends and associates have contributed design ideas and artifacts to this garden: the mushroom shaped garden furniture once belonged to a friend, the gazebo was purchased and installed by one of the gardeners, and the steps were fabricated from discarded Newport curbing.
Persons associated with the garden include Raymond Thayer, (landscape architect, 1968-present); T. J. Brown and Timothy Brown, (gardeners, 1952-present); Anne Baptista (property manager, 1989-present); and Jerica Ford (gardener, 2007-present).
Related Materials:
The Whim related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI174
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d3426fad-e24f-4a62-9083-5dbc422745e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10574

Newport -- Warren House-Tunnard Garden

Former owner:
Tanner Family  Search this
Gardner, Samuel F.  Search this
Lawton, Robert  Search this
Lawton, Penelope  Search this
Austin, Samuel Reverend  Search this
Henderson, Francis  Search this
Brinley, Fanny S.  Search this
Lawrence, Sallie C.  Search this
Paul, Allen G.  Search this
Paul, Florence S.  Search this
Warren, George  Search this
Warren, Katherine Urquhart  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Gardener:
Pleitez, Eusebio  Search this
Landscape designer:
Tunnard, Christopher  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles.
General:
This Modernist garden was created right after World War II, designed by Christopher Tunnard. It still survives today, perhaps the only existing commissioned landscape design by the man who influenced many of the United States most celebrated postwar architects and landscape architects. At only 65' x 42', the garden has an extreme austerity in design with a hint of luxury in its fountains, thick hedges and sculpture. The plants are cut and trimmed into an ordained shape, and the pattern is designed to be seen from the ground, where its curves interlock and turn back on themselves. Only two kinds of trees are used - lime (Tilia) and arbor vitae (Thuja); and three kinds of permanent plants - ivy (Hedera), box (Buxus) and yew (Taxus). The lime trees will eventually be pleached into an architectural block to throw the ground pattern into even greater contrast. The ivy is in slightly raised mounds, edged in places with small summer flowers. The bedding plants are purple and white petunias with carnations and lemon-yellow thunbergias." The sculpture, 'Chimerical Font,' by Jean Arp, is golden bronze centered on a plinth in a black lacquered rectangular pool. The other pools (two circular, one biomorphic) are shallow and painted white. Of note are the unusual shapes of the pruned boxwoods in the shapes of question marks and semi-colons; the colorful flowers; and the 6th linden along the left and end wall, now covered in Boston ivy, and originally painted white to complete a design that very much relied on strong figure-ground relationship.
Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979) was born in Canada, moved to England in 1929 and received a diploma from the Royal Horticultural Society the following year. The period of the eclectic Arts and Crafts movement (which he characterized as "romantic trivialization" of garden design) prompted him to introduce his Modernist views of landscape design. This approach avoided decoration, sentimentality and classical allusion "in favor of functional minimalist designs that provided a friendly and hospitable milieu for rest and recreation." After 10 years practicing garden and landscape work, he immigrated to America at the invitation of Walter Gropius to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design (1938-1943). Following the War, Tunnard taught city planning at Yale, advancing to professor and chairman of this department; he did little garden design from that point forward, making this 1949 garden probably one of his last commissions. For the final thirty years of his life, Tunnard put his energies into urban planning and the preservation of historic buildings; his publications in this area include "Man-made America: Chaos or Control?" (1963) which won the 1964 National Book Award in Science, Philosophy and Religion. It is perhaps ironic that Christopher Tunnard ended up of very much the same sentiment as his American patron, Mrs. George W. (Katherine) Warren, founder of the Preservation Society of Newport County (1945). In "Pioneers of American Landscape Design," (2000), Lance Neckar notes that "by the time of his death, he had come full circle to be identified with conservation-and-preservation-oriented attributes toward city revitalization which were antithetical to the Modern movement" that Tunnard had originally espoused.
Tunnard's patrons, George and Katherine Warren, who purchased the property on Mill Street in 1933, chose a part of Newport that was then considered "the other side of the tracks" by their social set, most of whom resided out on Ocean Drive. In New York, where the couple lived "off season," Katherine Warren collected modern art and was on the Advisory Committee of the Museum of Modern Art. Interesting to note that the garden was commissioned in 1949 and distinguished by its functional, minimalist modern design in sharp contrast with its early Federal-style house. The Warrens also added two glass-enclosed rooms on the first and second floors of their home on the garden side, presumably to enjoy this new garden to its full extent. Mrs. Warren died in 1976, bequeathing her home to the Preservation Society of Newport County, which moved its offices to this location in 1977. While the Preservation Society of Newport County owned the property, the garden was heavily shaded by a large beech tree and had become overgrown. It was maintained as they found it without major renovation. The current owner moved into the Mill Street house in 1994 and restored the Tunnard garden in 2001 and has proven to be a conscientious caretaker of this rare, nationally significant garden.
Persons associated with the garden include Tanner Family (former owners, 1776-1807); Samuel F. Gardner (former owner, 1807-1809); Robert Lawton (former owner, 1809-1810); Penelope Lawton (former owner, 1810-1822); Reverend Samuel Austin (former owner, 1822-1826); Francis Henderson (former owner, 1826-1857); Fanny S. Brinley (former owner, 1857-1863); Sallie C. Lawrence (former owner, 1863-1886); Allen G. Paul (former owner, 1886-1916); Florence S. Paul (former owner, 1916-1932); George and Katherine Warren (former owners, 1932-1977); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1977-1994); Christopher Tunnard (landscape designer, 1949); Eusebio Pleitez (gardener, 2001- ).
Related Materials:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 digital images)
Additional photographs are also located in the collections of the Preservation Society of Newport County.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI201
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61a6cdb7b-8abf-4457-9f57-0199646f406f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10575

Lookout Mountain -- Jane's Garden

Landscape architect:
Stewart, Jimmy  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Jane's Garden (Lookout Mountain, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Hamilton County -- Lookout Mountain
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, plant lists, photocopies of articles, and other information about Jane Davenport Jansen.
General:
Jane's Garden is named for the late Jane Davenport Jansen (1940-2000), a native of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee and the founder of Quarryhill Botanical Garden in Glen Ellen, California, a site that preserves and conserves rare plants collected in Asia as well as native flora. The 200 by 50 foot corner lot in her hometown that had been an eyesore with an abandoned house is now a public strolling garden with a concrete walking path, water fountain, raised garden beds with rockwork, a wall for sitting, and a shady gazebo. Garden designer Jimmy Stewart was employed to create the garden, working with members of Lookout Mountain Beautification. The plants in Jane's Garden include specimen Japanese maple trees and Chinese fringe trees, flowering and woody shrubs including varieties of hydrangea, cypress, juniper, rhododendron and spiraea, and perennial flowers and ground covers. The garden was planned to be interesting to visit year-round, with plants that are appropriate to the climate, disease and insect resistant, and relatively easy to maintain.
Jane Davenport Jansen was an honorary member of the Garden Club of America and received many honors and awards for her botanical and horticultural work. Jansen was a sponsor of 15 seed collecting expeditions to Asia that brought back many species of temperate zone trees, shrubs and herbaceous perennials that can be found in arboreta and botanical gardens in the United States as well as in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and at the Howick Arboretum in England.
Persons associated with the garden include Geraldine and Norman Morrow (former owners, 1945-1999); Rodolph and Elizabeth Davenport (former owners, 1999-2003); Town of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee (owner since July 2003); Jimmy Stewart (garden designer, since 1999); Susan Bradley (Lookout Mountain Beautification, 1999-2009); May Mitchell (Lookout Mountain Beautification, 2010-present)
Related Materials:
Jane's Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 35mm slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN077
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb619029762-54cf-4d1f-8779-1d007c64aa93
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10928

Westminster West -- Hayward Garden

Gardener:
O'Donnell, Helen  Search this
Owner:
Hayward, Mary  Search this
Hayward, Gordon  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Dublin (New Hampshire)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hayward Garden (Westminster West, Vermont)
United States of America -- Vermont -- Windham -- Westminster West
Scope and Contents:
Hayward Garden includes 63 digital images and a folder that includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and additional images including a pamphlet about a musical program created for and perfomed in the garden in 2014 as a the Yellow Barn summer program.
General:
The owners describe their one and one-half acre ornamental garden as a new garden in an old place, with its 200 year-old colonial farmhouse and attached barn, low stone walls, and old farm building foundations that have been repurposed as distinctive garden rooms within surrounding meadows and woods. They purchased the property in 1983 and spent about one year clearing the land of scrap metal and other debris, brambles and weed trees, a rotting barn, dead trees, and an old Nash Metropolitan automobile. The garden style is English, with a rectilinear format from south to north softened by lush growth in season and more evident in the long Vermont winter. The design began by drawing a straight line from the front door of the house to a 75-year-old apple tree. There is a crab apple orchard along that main axis that can be seen from the house. Brick and pea stone gravel walks, 90-foot long mixed borders, and an herb garden laid out in formal parterres are either parallel or perpendicular to the central axis of the garden. The 14 garden rooms are delineated by clipped hedges of varying heights, many of yew but also other plant materials for variation. There are four places to sit within the garden: a gazebo at the far end reached through a tunnel of pleached copper beech, an outdoor dining room on pavers under tall trees, a bench slightly above and overlooking their spring garden, and another bench next to a shed near the herb garden.
Creating a garden in harmony with the rural location was important to the owners, who subsequently purchased 19 adjacent acres and preserved the meadows and woods with the Vermont Land Trust. To instill harmony in the diverse garden rooms the owners adhere to three themes: hedges for structure, black locust posts and terra cotta containers for materials, and burgundy and other reds for the color that recurs throughout the garden rooms. Since the entire garden is unified it is possible to add variations without muddling the design. Honoring the long gone dairy farms they have turned the foundations of a milking parlor into a garden room that has low, drought tolerant plants growing among the stone flooring and three rusted milk cans. The cracked cement foundation of a former silo was turned into a pond with a fountain built into a stone wellhead and a statue of Buddha on the shore.
Gordon Hayward has written many articles for Horticulture, Taunton's Fine Gardening, and regional magazines using his own garden to teach design aesthetics and their practical application. Topics include the effective placement of planted and unplanted containers and other garden ornaments, how to build a small fountain, the importance of proportions to design, how to set vertical posts, and tips on outdoor seating and dining rooms. Good design is illustrated by reshaping lawns to complement planted borders or trees, through consistent choices of decorative materials, through applying the principles of theme and variation when choosing what to put in the garden, and through planning for the winter garden with berries and crab apples for birds and good "bones" that become evident in winter.
Persons associated with the garden include: Gordon Hayward (owner, garden designer, and gardener, 1983- ), Mary Hayward (owner, garden designer, and gardener, 1983- ), Ephraim and Lydia Johnson Ranney, and their descendants in the Buxton and Reed families (former owners, circa 1790-1983); Helen O'Donnell (gardener, 2008-2015).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Vermont -- Westminster West  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VT019
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Vermont
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6348782db-b9b4-4f9c-bd8d-72b7affb6963
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11360

Seattle -- Kewn

Former owner:
Duffy, Gilbert L. Mrs  Search this
Landscape architect:
Ester, Oliver  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Kewn (Seattle, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- King County -- Seattle
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes work sheets, site map and copies of articles.
General:
The name "Kewn" means "Peaceful Place in the Forest." The garden was created after Mrs. Duffy had visited Kew gardens in England. Mr. Cole, from England, was hired to create a revised Kew garden for her on Puget Sound.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mrs. Gilbert Le Baron Duffy (former owner); Fred Cole (landscape architect); Edwin Fabbe (landscape architect); and Oliver Ester (landscape architect).
Related Materials:
Kewn related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 35 mm. slides and 3 glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6820838bf-9654-413e-841f-6b6205afbe06
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11415

Tacoma -- Thornewood

Former owner:
Thorne, Chester Mr Mrs  Search this
Palmer, Perry  Search this
Palmer, Connie  Search this
Architect:
Cutter, Kirkland Kelsey  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, John Charles, 1852-1920  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Provenance:
Tacoma Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Thornewood (Tacoma, Washington)
United States of America -- Washington -- Pierce County -- Tacoma
Scope and Contents:
The folders include work sheets and copies of articles.
Reproduction Note:
Three slides reproduced from American Country Houses To-Day; six slides reproduced from hand-colored photographs by Asahel Curtis; four slides reproduced from collections in Washington State Historical Society; one slide reproduced from House Beatuiful (1926); and three slides reproduced from Lewis and Shelon Plate (1921).
General:
A 400 year old Elizabethan manor in England was purchased by Mr. Thorne and dismantled and shipped brick by brick from England to be included in the building of Thornewood. Thornewood, built in 1911, once covered 100 acres, from the American Lake shore to the Tacoma Country and Golf Club. The mountain served as the inspiration for the landscape design. "The mountain at a distance has been brought into the picture by means of long, horizontal lines, by the general contrivance of walks, borders, boundary walls, by the preservation of certain natural trees..." (Howe, 1915) The garden terminated with two arbors united with balustrades. A Japanese garden was planted in two corners near a water garden. Most of the estate was divided into 30 home sites in 1959. In 1982, the house was named to the National Register of Historic Places. By 1988, the property was reduced to three acres on the lake. The current owners use the house, "Thornewood Castle," and property as a bed and breakfast.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. Chester Thorne (former owner, 1910-1927 ); Perry and Connie Palmer (former owners, 1965-1988?); John C. Olmsted of Olmsted Brothers, Landscape Architects (landscape architect, 1910).
Tacoma Garden Club facilitated the documentation of the 1990s photographs of this garden.
Related Materials:
Thornewood related holdings consist of 2 folders (35 35 mm. slides, 12 photoprints and 43 glass lantern slides)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03494, Chester Thorne.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WA005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Washington
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb62a47bcef-790d-4432-92cd-2a7e4bbc16ce
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11425

Milwaukee -- Pickerel Run

Provenance:
Green Tree Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Pickerel Run (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Milwaukee County -- Milwaukee
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, site plans, and narrative description.
General:
The decorative arts and architecture from 17th century New England served as inspiration for this garden. The site for the garden was prepared in fall of 1981 and built in spring 1982. The layout of the raised geometric beds, gravel paths, and picket fence was modeled after early Colonial designs. The central beds are devoted to herbs. The outer beds hold perennial flowers, similar to those of Colonial New England. By contrast, the garden beds around the house are filled with native plants. A knot garden of green velvet boxwood, inspired by an inlay design on an early 18th century Pennsylvania chest, was added to the kitchen terrace. The beds adjacent to the knot garden, composted only of green and white white, service as a "restful haven under the shade of the the surrounding giant oak trees."
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: Aimee Scott Sheets (horticulturist, 2001-?).
Related Materials:
Pickerel Run related holdings consist of 1 folder (22 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Milwaukee  Search this
Raised bed gardening  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Herb gardens  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI037
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6f2fc2669-b301-43b2-a06d-12f0417ef893
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11677

Fairview -- Hickory Nut Gap Farm

Former owner:
McClure, James Gore King, Jr. Mr. and Mrs, 1916-1956  Search this
Phillips Judge, 1912-1916  Search this
Spaugh Captain USN Ret, 1908-1912  Search this
Reclaimed property:
Sherrill, Bedford, 1874  Search this
Provenance:
The French Broad River Garden Club Foundation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hickory Nut Gap Farm (Fairview, North Carolina)
Scope and Contents:
Folder includes Archives of American Gardens Information Sheet, site plan, and photocopied articles. Garden is noted for several features including boxwood hedges, stone walls, circular paved stone terrace, rock garden, tennis court, vegatable garden, arbor, and apple orchard. Site includes large spring house with water flowing through and a log fort built in 1897. Property features a view of the mountains in western North Carolina.
Biographical / Historical:
Property known as Sherrill's Inn, 1834-1909.

Mrs. James G. K. McClure, Jr. began developing the gardens in 1917 and added more gardens until 1942. She was an artist who had studied in France and England. Some of her paintings are featured in the house.
General:
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. James Gore King McClure, Jr. (former owners, 1916-1956); Judge Phillips (former owner, 1912-1916); Captain Spaugh, USN Ret. (former owner, 1908-1912); Bedford Sherrill (reclaimed property in 1874).
Property was designated a Historic Preservation Property by the North Carolina Cultural Resources Commission in 1975.
Related Materials:
Hickory Nut Gap Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (13 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- North Carolina -- Fairview  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NC039
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / North Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb651f4a72c-13d4-4c3d-9295-739a2c4ae01a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12993

Houston -- John Sweeney Mellinger Garden

Former owner:
Mellinger, John Sweeney  Search this
Mellinger, John Sweeney, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape designer:
London, Ruth  Search this
Catlow, A. Gregory  Search this
Architect:
Staub, John F.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
John Sweeney Mellinger Garden (Houston, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Houston
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and a copy of the garden plan. The garden is noted for its azaleas, offset by broad expanses of lawn.
General:
This one-acre site, whose development began in 1930, features extensive azalea plantings, as well as a cutting garden, stone paths and terraces, and a tree house. The gardens fully complement the New England-style architecture of the house and outbuildings, and display a unity through the use of masses of single and complementary colors.
Persons associated with the property include: Mr. and Mrs. John Sweeney Mellinger (former owners, 1930-1978); Ruth London (landscape designer, 1930); A. Gregory Catlow (landscape designer, 1978); and John F. Staub (architect).
Related Materials:
John Sweeney Mellinger Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (32 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb635879cbe-49a7-44d0-ac0c-cebd5c5ceba5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13502

Tyler -- Holly Cottage Garden

Architect:
Simons, Shirley  Search this
Provenance:
The Gertrude Windsor Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Holly Cottage Garden (Tyler, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Smith County -- Tyler
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheet, garden plan, oral history questionnaire, copy of postcard, and plant list.
General:
Holly Cottage Garden lies in the the historic Azalea District of Tyler. The garden features brick walkways, a sunken garden, and tea house. Hedge areas of Yaupon holly, as well as boxwood, Burford holly and other shrubs lend a classic feel to the garden. The garden designer since 1985 cites the Sissinghurst Garden in southern England, designed by Vita Sackville West, as a source of inspiration for this property.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: D.G. Connally (former owner, 1927-1934); Roger J. Wolfe (former owner, 1934-1942); Claude S. Holley (former owner, 1942-1970); R.B. Powers (former owner, 1970-1976); David Fair (former owner, 1976-1985); Ralph Bryan (architect, 1927); Shirley Simons (architect, 1952); and Dr. Wayne Babin (garden designer, 1985-present).
Related Materials:
Holly Cottage Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Tyler  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX057
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb623be5d4f-f142-4810-9b44-5e24edf41cf8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13520

[John Sweeney Mellinger Garden]: facing north, looking from the street to the garden gate entrance to the New England style colonial residence.

Photographer:
Clemons, R. E.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
John Sweeney Mellinger Garden (Houston, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Houston
Date:
1986.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gates  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Trees  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Azaleas  Search this
Flowering shrubs  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item TX016001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas / TX016: Houston -- John Sweeney Mellinger Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6103a3b65-1231-41c8-a85f-60820c557999
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13935

Centreville -- Reed Creek Farm

Former owner, builder of house:
Wright, Thomas Hynson Col., b. 1688  Search this
Former owner:
Wright, family, 1685-1960  Search this
Smith, Bradford, family, 1960-1996  Search this
Simmons, Marcia and Raymond, 1996-2004  Search this
Landscape architect:
Paca Barbara  Search this
Gate and wall designer:
Logan, Philip, 1999-2000  Search this
Garden designer:
Simmons, Marcia R., 1996-2006  Search this
Provenance:
St. George's Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Reed Creek Farm (Centreville, Maryland)
United States of America -- Maryland -- Queen Anne's County -- Centreville
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and books concerning the house and property's colonial history, and an article and write-up of the current garden's history.
General:
Reed Creek Farm is a historic property comprised of 190 acres with an 18th century Colonial mansion site located on Maryland's Eastern Shore. The walled garden, designed by former owner Marcia R. Simmons along with landscape architect Barbara Paca (ASLA), complements the style of the house and was inspired by the gardens at Hadspen, an 18th century country estate in England. The color scheme emphasizes apricot and periwinkle flowers using plant material appropriate to the location. A tall brick wall and gates designed by Philip Logan protect the garden from strong winds off the Chesapeake Bay and keep animals out. Work was started in 2000 by defining geometric flower beds that are connected by goosefoot paths. The beds are planted in perennial and annual flowers, including lilies, lavender, crocosmia, scabiosa, hibiscus, peonies and roses. Flowers and flowering shrubs are planted densely in the beds to create an English cottage garden effect and to reduce the intrusion of weeds.
The walled garden extends from one side of the main house and two formal kitchen gardens hedged with boxwood sit in front of the house. A folly outside the walled garden was built from soil that was removed to install French drains, and was planted with lavender and poppies along a winding path that leads to a curved bench at the summit. The view from the folly includes Chesapeake Bay and the agricultural fields and orchards that comprise the rest of the property.
Former owner and garden designer Marcia R. Simmons (d. 2006) was interred in the garden wall. The garden is being maintained in her memory.
Landscape designer Barbara Paca owns the design firm Preservation Green; architect Philip Logan works at the firm.
Persons associated with the garden include Solomon Wright (1655-1717, patented and surveyed land, 1685); Colonel Thomas Wright (builder of house, circa 1775); members of the Wright family (former owners, 1685 -1960); Bradford Smith family (former owners, 1960-1996); Marcia and Raymond Simmons (former owners, 1996-2004); Barbara Paca, PhD., ASLA (landscape architect, 1999-present); Philip Logan (designer of wall and gate, 1999-2000); Marcia R. Simmons (garden designer, 1999-2006); Jeff Beall (caretaker of garden, 1986-present).
Related Materials:
Reed Creek Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maryland -- Centreville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MD243
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maryland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6c889d993-546b-4fff-89d1-0d769507ab0c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14167

Owings Mills -- Mrs. Hathaway's Garden

Provenance:
Garden Club of Twenty  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Mrs. Hathaway's Garden (Owings Mills, Maryland)
United States of America -- Maryland -- Baltimore -- Owings Mills
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
With only a rudimentary plan at the start, one owner has been gardening this 13.5 acre property since 1953, appreciating and augmenting the beauty of the natural setting. First, a house was built among aged beech trees already growing on the undeveloped site and then the undergrowth in woodlands was cleared and three foot borders were dug at the edges, intended for cultivated flowers and shrubs. The borders were widened, eventually to twelve feet and dogwood trees were planted under taller native trees (over 100 to 250 years old) including American beech, oaks and tulip poplars, appreciated for their lacy effect in spring and color in fall. Evergreens and other perennials with variegated foliage were planted in darker, shady areas to mimic dappled sunlight, a technique the owner learned in Scotland. A spring on the property was dammed to create a pond and a cut made by a bulldozer was turned into a spring bulb garden planted with daffodils. The gardens have been worked for sixty years and have changed every few years as trees grow or die off, affecting the amount of light reaching the understories. Cultivars that grow successfully here are used repeatedly, such as New Dawn rose varieties, and this gives coherence to the large property.
On the west side of the house there is a formal kitchen garden comprised of four bow-knot shaped boxwood parterres with a holly standard in the center of each. In the kitchen garden beds there are rose bushes, flowers, herbs and lettuces. A stone path leads to rose and cutting garden beds, and beyond them a former children's playhouse supports climbing roses, with peonies planted at the foundation. There is a small greenhouse tucked in next to the main house, planted containers along the driveway, and an espaliered tree on the side of the house. To the east there are additional deep flower borders fronting the woodlands. Two long rows of double sets of free-standing trellises covered with roses and clematis looked like railroad tracks when they were bare but now look more like pergolas as the vines meet over the grass walkway. A blue-painted teak bench was placed at the edge of the woodlands, copying an idea from Hidcote in England. Ornate cast iron gates that are a focal point in the back lawn mark the entrance to the swimming pool otherwise hidden behind tall hemlock hedges.
Related Materials:
Mrs. Hathaway's Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (7 35mm slides (photographs); 72 digital images)
See others in:
Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1981-1993.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maryland -- Owings Mills  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MD277
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maryland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6dbe444c9-8322-4ff7-914b-1c0730c6ad15
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14209

[Hubbard Garden]: garden balls from England.

Photographer:
Hubbard, Penney C.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Hubbard Garden (Ruxton, Maryland)
United States of America -- Maryland -- Baltimore
Date:
1996 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Ground cover plants  Search this
Walls, brick  Search this
Vinca  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item MD188010
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maryland / MD188: Ruxton -- Hubbard Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb677b49314-58c6-4f51-928a-06b6c0e815f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14596

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