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Gao and Igbo-Ukwu : beads, interregional trade, and beyond / Timothy Insoll and Thurstan Shaw

Author:
Insoll, Timothy  Search this
Shaw, Thurstan  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Mali
Gao
Sudan (Region)
Nigeria
Igbo-Ukwu
Gao (Mali)
Sahara
Date:
1997
Topic:
Igbo-Ukwu  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Trade beads  Search this
Beads  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A2586
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517753

Marli Shamir photographs

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
229 Gelatin silver prints (black and white, 8 x 10 in. or smaller)
89 Photographic prints ((1 v.), black and white, 23 x 18 cm. or smaller)
Container:
Volume 4
Culture:
Dogon (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Djenné (Mali)
Mali
Africa
Timbuktu (Mali)
San (Mali)
Gao (Mali)
Date:
1971
Summary:
Photographs taken by Marli Shamir in Mali, in 1971. The majority of the images show architecture in Djenne, Mali. Other images depict architecture of the Dogon in Timbuktu, Gao and San.

Photographs from this collection were featured by Labelle Prussin's thesis entitled, "The Architecture of Djenne; African Synthesis and Transformation," (Yale University, 1974) and in her book entitled, "Hatumere: Islamic Design in West Africa," (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986). The images have also been displayed in an exhibition entitled, "Marli Shamir Photographs from the Sahel," held in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, in 1976.
Arrangement note:
Images indexed by negative number.
Biographical / Historical:
Marli Shamir (1919-2016) was an Israeli photographer known for her extensive work in Mali, the Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso from 1966-1973. Born and raised in Berlin, Shamir started studying photography during her teenage years and took photography classes at the Contempora Lehrateliers für neue Werkkunst (1934-1937). In 1938, she was forced to immigrate to Israel where she initially lived in a kibbutz. From 1941-1943, she worked at the mineralogy department of the Weizmann Institute in Rehovot, and then opened her own studio in Jerusalem in 1945. In 1953, she married Meir Shamir, a former Israeli Diplomat-Ambassador, and from 1966-1973 she lived successively in Mali, Gabon and Cote d'Ivoire. She held a particular fascination with architecture, monuments, mosques, arts and habitants. During her stay in Mali, she met Pascal James Imperato with whom she wrote the article Bokolanfini Mud Cloth of the Bamana of Mali, (African Arts, 1970). In 1976, she produced the exhibition Sahel at the Israeli museum in Jerusalem, which focused on the rural and urban architecture and people of the Sahel. The exhibition toured in Europe later that year. From 1977-1981, she lived in Strasbourg, where she focused on documenting the new style of architecture in Mali. Her work on this project is stored at the Center of Documentation in Strasbourg. In 2005, a book devoted to her photographs from Mali was published by the Grandvaux French Edition House. The National Poet of Mali, Albakaye Ousmane Kounta, collaborated with Shamir on the book of poetry Djenney-Ferey –La terre habitee (published by Grandaux, 2007), which is illustrated with Shamir's photographs. Shamir passed away in 2016 at the age of 93.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Earth Architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Black-and-white photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1995-025
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70c376be1-6246-4dcc-af65-9969cc0a67e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1995-025

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, synthetic dye
Dimensions:
H x W: 256 x 133cm (100 13/16 x 52 3/8in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10150
Object number:
EJ10150
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys77e438999-54e5-4ce8-beb1-46069d36ffa1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10150

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, natural and synthetic dyes
Dimensions:
H x W: 217 x 146cm (85 7/16 x 57 1/2in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10151
Object number:
EJ10151
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7a6b9984c-4bd4-4389-8d88-090eada41cdb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10151

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, synthetic dye
Dimensions:
H x W: 239 x 136.5cm (94 1/8 x 53 3/4in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10152
Object number:
EJ10152
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys761f7cc51-2c03-43f9-8a52-22337dfdad7e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10152

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, indigo dye, natural dye, natural dye
Dimensions:
H x W: 220 x 117cm (86 5/8 x 46 1/16in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10153
Object number:
EJ10153
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys72fa7c13c-7b2f-4fe4-8bf7-56b34c9c40b8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10153

Wrapper

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, indigo dye, natural dye, natural dye
Dimensions:
H x W: 185 x 110cm (72 13/16 x 43 5/16in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10154
Object number:
EJ10154
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys746b536f6-3484-423d-9e27-954606bf26df
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10154

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, natural and synthetic dyes
Dimensions:
H x W: 286.5 x 162.7cm (112 13/16 x 64 1/16in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10155
Object number:
EJ10155
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys79871c314-409d-4e9a-b52e-c764e7052b53
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10155

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, indigo dye, natural dye
Dimensions:
H x W: 245 x 151.5cm (96 7/16 x 59 5/8in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Gao, Mali
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10156
Object number:
EJ10156
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7eca661c7-db10-4005-bc0d-dcc0b7dc1ea0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10156

Blanket

Maker:
Fulbe artist  Search this
Medium:
Cotton, indigo dye, synthetic dye
Dimensions:
H x W: 254.4 x 144.8 cm (100 3/16 x 57 in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Goundam area, Mali
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Household  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
National Museum of African Art, National Museum of Natural History, purchased with funds provided by the Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, 1983-85, EJ10149
Object number:
EJ10149
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7421fdac8-16a8-4a96-9af7-ff0195a9fafe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_EJ10149

Ikelan (Bella) woman with elaborately braided hairstyle, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Mopti Gao Tombouctou,Bella's alo 698; 626-5
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Bella (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0476
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7fa8d593a-0a35-4426-98d0-4f8538b91ff5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2875

Ikelan (Bella) woman sitting outside of her shelter, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Mopti Gao Tombouctou,Bella's alo 698; 626-7
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Bella (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0477
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70df7f946-f3de-4042-a4b9-63b01d9e6807
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2876

Ikelan (Bella) woman cutting strips of leather, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Mopti Gao Tombouctou,Bella's alo 698; 626-8
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Bella (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0478
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo767225ee3-d699-4594-8fb7-31b21dfce69b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2877

Ikelan (Bella) woman sewing, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Mopti Gao Tombouctou,Bella's alo 698; 626-9
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Bella (African people)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0479
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7e2509a01-f18e-4337-90f9-00fed37b1e93
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2878

Tomb of Askia Muhammad, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1969
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Gao, Tomb of Askia Mohamed; 688-1
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0876
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo779264073-d65b-4516-a38e-b480d39afb23
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2879

Tomb of Askia Muhammad, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Gao, Tomb of Askia Mohamed; 688-2
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0877
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7df6bc07b-a951-4bbc-b3e0-edfa0b8bfe5d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2880

Tomb of Askia Muhammad, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Gao, Tomb of Askia Mohamed; 688-3
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0878
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo77fa89e94-9bdd-426b-b2eb-c8ce06c3f8d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2881

Tomb of Askia Muhammad, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Gao, Tomb of Askia Mohamed; 688-4
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0879
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7b782a7b4-5bbb-42af-b561-713fcb2f7c13
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2882

Tomb of Askia Muhammad, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Gao, Tomb of Askia Mohamed; 688-5
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0880
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7934a7826-14cc-4ba1-bba8-06a2f13994f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2883

Tomb of Askia Muhammad, Gao, Mali

Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Shamir, Marli  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (black and white, 120 mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1968
General:
Shamir's original descriptions and negative numbers: Republic of Mali, Gao, Tomb of Askia Mohamed; 688-6a
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Mali  Search this
Gao (Mali)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Marli Shamir collection, EEPA 2013-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2013-009, Item EEPA 2013-009-0881a
See more items in:
Marli Shamir collection
Marli Shamir collection / Series 1: Negatives / 1.5: Mali / Gao
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo71eab9465-6933-46b5-8a54-3a2e146490d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2013-009-ref2884

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