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Perls Galleries records

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Austin, Darrel, 1907-  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Cafritz, Morris, 1886?-1964  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Canaday, John, 1907-1985  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine, 1892-1967  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1917-1987  Search this
Garbo, Greta, 1905-1990  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred, 1899-  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Luce, Henry, III, 1925-2005  Search this
Miró, Joan, 1893-  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Priebe, Karl J., 1914-1976  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Extent:
79.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1937-1997
Summary:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Perls Galleries measure 79.6 linear feet and date from 1937 to 1997. Founded by Klaus Perls in 1937 and operating until 1997, the gallery dealt primarily in modern French art and the artwork of Alexander Calder. Found within the records are extensive correspondence (circa 44 linear feet) with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and collectors; photographs and negatives of inventory and other artwork; exhibition files, scattered financial records; and exhibition catalogs and clippings.

Correspondence primarily discusses sales (and includes invoices), loans, and exhibitions, as well as more routine activities such as gallery maintenance, the printing of exhibition catalogs and letterhead, and the shipment, framing, or restoration of artwork. Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork, and clippings. A few letters contain oversize architectural or engineering drawings, and a small handful of letters are illustrated.

Correspondents include artists such as Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

The records contain nearly thirty-two linear feet of photographs and negatives. Photographs are of artists and the inventory of the gallery's artwork. Additional photographs represent artwork either by artists not represented by the gallery or not included in the gallery's inventory. Most of the photographs are black and white. Over fifteen linear feet of negatives are of gallery stock. Photographs are also found in the exhibition files.

There is a relatively small amount of records relating to exhibitions, loans, and sales. Found are exhibition lists, schedules, invitations and announcements, photographs of exhibition installations, press releases, and records of loans to other institutions and galleries. Sales records include artist lists, inventory lists, invoices, pick up and delivery receipts, and price lists.

Printed materials include a large number of clippings and an incomplete run of catalogs from Perls Galleries exhibitions between 1939 and 1980.

The collection also includes ten original pencil drawings from John Canaday's series entitled My Beautiful Girls and a reproduction of eight drawings from the same series
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1937-1995 (Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Negatives, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 44-59; 15.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Photographs, circa 1937-1995 (Boxes 60-75, OV 84; 16.1 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition, Loan, and Sales Records, 1937-1995 (Boxes 76-78; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Clippings Files, 1943-1989 (Box 78; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Exhibition Catalogs, 1939-1980 (Boxes 78-79; 1.4 linear feet)

Series 7: Drawings by John Canaday, circa 1967-1972 (Box 80; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Klaus Perls (b. 1912, d. 2008) formally opened Perls Galleries in New York in 1937, and ran it with his wife Amelia until its closing in 1997. The gallery dealt in contemporary French artists of the School of Paris, such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, but also acted as the primary representative of Alexander Calder beginning in 1954. In the 1970s Mr. Perls developed an interest in art from Benin and built an important collection of African sculpture, some of which was later donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.

Klaus Perls was born in 1912 in Berlin in a house Mies van der Rohe designed for his parents, who owned an art gallery specializing in Impressionists, post-Impressionists, Old Master paintings, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and African sculpture. Perls studied Art History in Hamburg and Munich but completed his PhD in Basel, Switzerland in 1933 after the Nazi government stopped awarding degrees to Jews. His dissertation covered the complete works of 15th-century French painter Jean Fouquet.

Before moving to New York in 1935, Perls worked for his mother, Kaethe Perls, in her Paris gallery that she opened in 1932 after splitting up with Klaus' father Hugo. He spent his first two years in New York selling paintings through other art dealers, primarily paintings shipped or recommended to him by his mother from Paris that were not selling well in the Depression-era French art market. These were primarily the work of Maurice Utrillo, Marie Laurencin, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck. In 1937 he formally established his own gallery, the Perls Galleries, on East 58th Street and continued to specialize in French and European contemporary art. Around the same time, his older brother Frank opened a gallery in Beverly Hills, California.

Klaus Perls was familiar with other New York dealers specializing in modern European art such as Valentine Dudensing and Pierre Matisse, but he tried to distinguish himself by catering to young collectors. When the war restricted the international art trade and his mother was forced to flee France during the Occupation, Perls began dealing in contemporary American artists such as Darrel Austin and Karl Priebe.

Perls married Amelia Blumenthal, fondly known as "Dolly," in 1940, and she became his business partner.

After the war, the international art market exploded, and the Perls made frequent buying trips to Europe. The Perls Galleries continued to sell primarily contemporary French art and gained an early reputation as a staunch defender of modern art by European artists such as Picasso, Modigliani, Braque, Lger, Soutine and Pascin. Perls prepared catalogues raisonns on Soutine and Pascin.

Klaus Perls was one of the founding members of the Art Dealer's Association, whose initial mission was to clean up the reputation of the art market following a series scandals involving fake antiquities that flourished in the 1960's. Perls was the Association's second president, after Pierre Matisse.

In 1954 Perls Galleries moved to 1016 Madison Avenue, a building that served as both gallery and home for the Perls. The same year Perls became Alexander Calder's dealer after the death of Calder's previous dealer, Curt Valentin. Perls explained his inclusion of Calder, a rare American among his stable of European artists, by saying that Calder's roots lay in France and that Calder bridged Europe and America the way Perls felt he did himself. In 1970, Calder designed the terrazzo sidewalk in front of the gallery and often resided in the Perls' home during long visits to New York City. Perls Galleries later handled Calder's estate and functioned as a quasi-archives of Calder's works, holding more than 7,000 negatives depicting Calder's art and preparing a Calder catalogue raisonn.

Klaus was named as a third-party defendant in the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List. When Erna Menzel sued Albert List for ownership of a Chagall painting confiscated from Menzel by the Nazis, List in turn sued Perls, who had sold him the painting in 1955, having purchased it himself from a Paris art dealer. The court awarded the Chagall painting to Menzel and ordered Perls to pay List the appreciated value of the painting.

Perls began building an important collection of African artwork and fell in love with art from Benin in the 1970's. In 1991 he donated more than 150 pieces of royal art from Benin to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Perls closed their gallery in 1997; Amelia Perls died in 2002, and Klaus Perls died in 2008.
Related Material:
Among the resources relating to the Perls Galleries in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Klaus Perls done by Mona Hadler on January 19, 1993.
Provenance:
The records were donated in 1997 by Douglas Mayhew, associate and legal representive of Klaus G. and Amelia B. Perls.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perlgall
Online Media:

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Extent:
(Boxes 1-44, OV 81-83; 43.6 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1995
Scope and Contents note:
This series consists of original incoming correspondence and duplicate copies of outgoing correspondence documenting gallery exhibits, loans, sales, and routine maintenance activities. Correspondence is with artists, galleries, museums, collectors, dealers, publications, and staff while the Perls traveled. Also found is correspondence concerning routine business affairs such as framing, restoration, and shipping; gallery-related services such as locksmiths and window and drapery cleaners; and business-related services such as accounting, taxes, and legal representation. A handful of project files relating to the commission or installation of Calder sculptures in public spaces follows the Calder correspondence file.

Significant correspondents include artists Darrell Austin, Joan Mir, Pablo Picasso, and Karl Priebe; galleries such as the Corcoran Gallery, Fujikawa Galleries, Galerie Maeght, and the Pierre Matisse Gallery; museums such as the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art; collectors such as Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz, Adelaide de Mnil, Valentine Dudensing, and Henry Ford, II; and celebrity clients such as Greta Garbo, Alfred Hitchcock, Henry and Clare Booth Luce, and Barbra Streisand.

Many letters enclose photographs, negatives, or slides of artwork and contain requests for the artwork to be identified, authenticated, or appraised. Additional letters enclose clippings mentioning Perls or the gallery, or discussing artists collected by Perls, notable art world figures or trends, or exhibitions at Perls Galleries or other galleries including artwork loaned by Perls Galleries. A few letters include oversize architectural or engineering drawings, usually relating to the installation of Calder stabiles.

A small handful of letters from Carol Blanchard, Robert and Elodie Osborn, and Karl Priebe are illustrated, and original artwork can be found in the Adelaide Milton de Groot file.

Many of the correspondence files include copies of invoices for artwork sold and occasional provenance information, useful to supplement the relatively small amount of sales records in the collection.

Two color photographs of Calder painting one of his sculptures can be found in the Marcel Fleiss file, and a black and white photograph of Calder standing in front of the terrazzo sidewalk he designed for the Perls Galleries entrance can be found in the Newsweek Magazine file.

Court records and attorney correspondence regarding the 1969 World War II looted art case Menzel v. List can be found in the Ralph F. Colin, Allan D. Emil, and Albert A. List files.
Arrangement note:
Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent and thereunder approximately in reverse chronological order. Each alphabetical section is completed by miscellaneous files containing correspondence with individuals and organizations, also arrange alphabetically, with whom Perls Galleries exchanged fewer than five letters.

Many of the records in this series are brittle and require careful handling. Many of the records alphabetized under the letter G have suffered from previous water damage.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlgall, Series 1
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref14

Galerie Maeght

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1975-1982
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Perls Galleries records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref755

Galerie Maeght

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 39
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1972-1974
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Perls Galleries records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref756

Galerie Maeght

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 40
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1967-1971
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Perls Galleries records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref757

Galerie Maeght

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 41
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1966
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Perls Galleries records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref758

Galerie Maeght

Collection Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 42
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1951-1964
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Perls Galleries records
Perls Galleries records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-perlgall-ref759

G

Collection Creator:
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 21, Folder 57-58
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1949-1978
Scope and Contents note:
Galeria Juana Mordo

Galerie Anderson-Mayer

Galerie Balzac

Galerie Biedermann

Galerie Bischofberger

Galerie Claude Bernard

Galerie Guy Dorkens

Galerie Illien

Galerie im Griechenbeisl

Galerie Jeanne Bucher

Galerie Kunst der Gegenwert

Galerie Lucie Weill

Galerie Maeght

Galerie Paul Facchetti

Galerie R.G. Michel

Galerie Simone Stern

Galleria Cadario

Galleria D'Arte de Naviglio

Galleria Margutta

Galleria Pater

Gallery III

The Gallery of Modern Art

The Gallery Upstairs

The Gallery of Sarasota

George Peabody College for Teachers

George Washington University

Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia

Gimpel Fils

Gimpel Weitzenhoffer Ltd.

Goddard-Riverside Community Center

Graphic Gallery

Gres Gallery

Grinnell College

Guild Hall

Gump's
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers / Series 3: Correspondence Files / 3.1: Institutions and Dealers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-parsbett-ref822
Online Media:

Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder, 1936-circa 1970s

Creator:
Claflin, Agnes Rindge, 1900-1977  Search this
Claflin, Agnes Rindge, 1900-1977  Search this
Subject:
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Vassar College  Search this
Type:
Postcards
Manuscripts
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7439
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209597
AAA_collcode_clafagne
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209597
Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange)  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Theme:
The Art Market  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
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  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Perls Galleries records, 1937-1997

Creator:
Perls Galleries  Search this
Perls Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Austin, Darrel  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Luce, Henry, III  Search this
Luce, Claire  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Streisand, Barbra  Search this
Priebe, Karl J.  Search this
De Menil, Adelaide  Search this
Cafritz, Gwendolyn  Search this
Canaday, John  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Hitchcock, Alfred  Search this
Garbo, Greta  Search this
Ford, Henry  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine  Search this
Cafritz, Morris  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
James Corcoran Gallery  Search this
Galerie Maeght  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Fujikawa Gallery  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Illustrated letters
Drawings
Photographs
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6120
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216333
AAA_collcode_perlgall
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216333
Online Media:

Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder

Creator:
Claflin, Agnes Rindge, 1900-1977  Search this
Names:
Vassar College  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Manuscripts
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Date:
1936-circa 1970s
Summary:
The papers of arts administrator, collector, and educator Agnes Rindge Claflin concerning Alexander Calder measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1936-circa 1970s. Included are five letters, two of which are illustrated, and one postcard from Alexander Calder to Claflin; two handwritten manuscripts by Calder, one untitled and "A Propos of Measuring a Mobile," 1943; an invitation to a Calder exhibition at Galerie Maeght, Paris, 1952; and 14 photographs of Calder, of Calder and Claflin in Calder's studio, of Calder's art work, and of a Calder exhibition installation at Vassar Art Gallery, 1942. Transcriptions of three of the letters and both manuscripts are also included.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of arts administrator, collector, and educator Agnes Rindge Claflin concerning Alexander Calder measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1936-circa 1970s. Included are five letters and one postcard from Alexander Calder to Claflin, two of which are illustrated; two handwritten manuscripts by Calder, one untitled and "A Propos of Measuring a Mobile," 1943; an invitation to a Calder exhibition at Galerie Maeght, Paris, 1952; and 14 photographs of Calder, of Calder and Claflin in Calder's studio, of Calder's art work, and of a Calder exhibition installation at Vassar Art Gallery, 1942. One photograph depicting an event is possibly the opening of the Calder exhibition at Vassar Art Gallery, 1942. Also included are two polaroid photographs most likely from the 1970s. Transcriptions of three of the letters and both manuscripts are also included.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of the collection, items are organized into one series of 23 folders:

Series 1: Agnes Rindge Claflin Papers Concerning Alexander Calder, 1936-circa 1970s (Box 1; 23 folders)
Biographical Note:
Agnes Rindge Claflin (1900-1977) was an arts administrator, collector, and educator who spent the majority of her career at Vassar College as a professor and serving as director of its art gallery for 28 years.

Claflin was born Agnes Millicent Rindge in Grand Rapids, Michigan on May 19, 1900. She graduated from the Madeira School in 1917, attended Mount Holyoke College for two years, and graduated magna cum laude from Radcliffe College. Afterwards, Claflin briefly taught at Vassar College before returning to Radcliffe and earning her M.A. and Ph.D. She rejoined the Vassar College faculty in 1928 and served as the director of the Vassar Art Gallery from 1934-1962. Claflin published Sculpture in 1929 and in the 1930s she began writing articles for several different publications. At the request of Alfred Barr, she joined the Advisory Committee for the Museum of Modern Art in 1941 and became the Assistant Executive Vice President from 1943-1944. Claflin held a number of other positions in art organizations such as the Commission on Arts of the American Association of Colleges (1939), Art in America (1940-1943), Art Division of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1941-1942), American Federation of Arts (1944-1945), and Committee on Fellowships of the College Art Association (1945-1948). She married Philip W. Claflin, a captain in the U.S. Army, in 1945. Throughout her career, Claflin lectured at organizations and universities across the United States, including the Chicago Art Institute, Columbia University, New York University, Yale University, and many others. Agnes Claflin died on June 12, 1977.

Claflin and Calder were colleagues and friends. In 1942, the Vassar Art Gallery hosted a Calder exhibition installation. The following year, Claflin wrote and narrated a short film, "Alexander Calder: Sculpture and Constructions," which was presented with the Museum of Modern Art's Calder exhibition of the same year.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art holds several collections related to the Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder, including the Alexander Calder papers which have been fully digitized; Alexander Calder letters and photographs microfilmed on reel 4781; Alexander Calder letter microfilmed on reel 2787, frames 963-970; and an oral history interview with Alexander Calder, October 26, 1971, available as a transcript online.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1981 by Philip W. Claflin, widower of Agnes Rindge Claflin.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Manuscripts
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Citation:
Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder, 1936-circa 1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.clafagne
See more items in:
Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-clafagne
Online Media:

Exhibition Invitation, Galerie Maeght

Collection Creator:
Claflin, Agnes Rindge, 1900-1977  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1952
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder, 1936-circa 1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder
Agnes Rindge Claflin papers concerning Alexander Calder / Series 1: Agnes Rindge Claflin Papers Concerning Alexander Calder
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-clafagne-ref23

Artist Files

Collection Creator:
Blanc, Giulio V.  Search this
Extent:
6 Linear feet (Boxes 1-8)
0.001 Gigabytes (ER01)
Type:
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Date:
1920-1995, undated
Scope and Contents note:
This extensive series contains artist files Giulio Blanc collected and arranged alphabetically by name of artist. The files contain scattered correspondence, newspaper clippings, original writings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and miscellaneous materials, one in born-digital form.

Several of the artist files are further broken down into areas such as Biographical Material, Letters, Writings, Notes, Printed Material, Audio material, and Photographs. Examples of Biographical material include curricula vita and resumes, fellowship applications, copies of birth certificates, written statements by artists concerning their work, and brief reference information written by Blanc about the artists and their artwork.

Letters are from art institutions, artists, curators, art historians and friends and are addressed primarily to Giulio Blanc, although a number of letters are addressed to other individuals. Found are original letters, photocopies, or facsimiles and occasionally include attachments such as exhibition announcements, newspaper clippings or photographs. Greeting cards and postcards are also found here.

Writings consists of unpublished material such as draft copies of essays and articles, papers written for courses, as well as poems, journal entries, and other original writings. Printed material includes exhibition announcements and catalogs, public program brochures, invitations to exhibition openings, and published articles and newspaper clippings. These are recorded by name of item.

In addition, the artists files also house interviews conducted by Blanc and recorded on audio cassette tape. Those interviewed are artist Enrique Riverón, curator José Gomez Sícre, Cuban ethnographer Lydia Cabrera speaking on the work of Wifredo Lam (Wifredo Lam files), Eva Frajaville on Agustin Fernández (Agustin Fernández files), and Elena Peláez de Medero discussing the work of her sister, Amelia Peláez (Amelia Peláez files).

Of special interest in this series are a number of documents in the files of artists Wifredo Lam, Amelia Peláez and Enrique Riverón. These include rare exhibition announcements and invitations, exhibition catalogs, clippings from European newspapers and various other original documents that date from the 1920s-1990s. An itemized list of these documents is found in the

See Appendix for list of printed material from Series 3 for Wifredo Lam, Amelia Peláez, and Enrique Riverón
Appendix: Printed Material from Series 3 for Wifredo Lam, Amelia Peláez, and Enrique Riverón:
Wifredo Lam: Exhibition and Auction Announcements and Invitations, 1955-1996

1955: -- Wifredo Lam, -- Pabellón de Ciencias Sociales, Havana

1969: -- Wifredo Lam on Paper, -- Cisneros Gallery, New York

1982: -- Homenaje a Wifredo Lam, -- Museo Español de Arte Comtemporáneo, Madrid

1984: Important Latin American Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture, Sotheby's, New York

1987: -- Wifredo Lam, -- Galerie Albert Loeb, Paris

1987: -- Wifredo Lam: Peintures, -- Galerie Maeght Lelong, Paris

1992: -- Rumbas &f Love Songs: The Musical Canvas of Wifredo Lam, -- Symphony Space, New York

1992: -- Wifredo Lam, -- Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid

1993: -- Wifredo Lam: The Annonciation di Aimé Cesaire, -- Fedric Snitzer Gallery, Coral Gables

1994: -- Wifredo Lam: Oeuvre Gravé et Lithographié, -- Musee du Dessin et de L'Estampe Originale de Gravelines, Paris

1996: -- Wifredo Lam: Catalogue Raissone, -- Gary Nader Gallery, Coral Gables

Wilfredo Lam: Exhibition brochures and catalogs, 1950-1993

1950: -- Exposicíon Lam: Obras Recientes, -- Havana

1955: -- Exposicíon Lam, -- Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas

1959: -- Lam, -- Galleria Pagani, Milan

1969: -- Wifredo Lam: Exposicion de Pinturas, -- Casa de Cultura, Cuenca

1971: -- Wilfredo Lam, -- Gimpel Gallery, New York

1977: -- Wilfredo Lam, -- Galeria Meindl, Bogota

1978: -- Lam, -- Gissi Galleria d'Arte, Torino

1980: -- Wifredo Lam, -- Galleri D'Arte La Borgognona, Rome

1981: -- Max Ernst-Wifredo Lam: Paintings, Watercolors and Graphics, -- Guild Gallery, New York

1992: -- Afro-Caribbean Culture: The World of Wifredo Lam, -- The Americas Society, The Studio Museum in Harlem and the Symphony Space, New York

1993: -- Wifredo Lam: -- Museo Nacional Palacio de Bellas Artes, Havana

Undated: Winter Calendar, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York

Amelia Peláez: Exhibition Announcements, Invitations and Brochures, 1988, undated

1977: -- Amelia Peláez, -- Metropolitan Museum and Art Centers, Miami

1988: -- Amelia Peláez 1896-1968: A Retrospective, -- Museum of Modern Art of Latin America, Washington DC

1988: -- Amelia Peláez 1896-1968: A Retrospective/Una RetrosPerspe, -- Cubann Museum of Arts and Culture, Miami

1988: Fall calendar, Museum of Modern Art, Organization of American States, Washington DC

Undated: Information on artist, Organization of American States, Washington, DC

Amelia Peláez: Exhibition Catalogs, 1930s-1980s, 1991

1933: -- Exposition: Amelia Pelaez del Casal, -- Galérie Zak, Paris

1935: -- Exposición: Amelia Pelaez del Casal, -- Lyceum, Havana

1937: -- Dance International 1900-1937: Exhibit of Arts Relating to the Dance, -- Rockefeller Center, New York

1941: -- Peláez, -- Norte Gallery, New York

1943: -- Amelia Peláez: Retrospective 1929-1943, -- Institución Hispano-Cubana de Cultura, Havana

1968: -- Amelia Peláez: Exposición Retrospectiva, -- Museo Nacional Palacio de Bellas Artes, Havana (2 copies)

1977: -- Amelia Peláez, -- Metropolitan Museum and Art Centers, Miami

1977: -- Cuba Peintres D'aujourd'hui, -- Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris [Incomplete]

1979: -- La Gran Pintora Cubana Amelia Peláez, -- Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City

1980: -- Amelia Peláez: Oleos Tempera y Tinta, -- Museo de Arte Moderno, Bogota

1986: -- Amelia Peláez: Exposición Antologica, Pinturas 1929-1967, -- Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Havana

1991: -- Amelia Peláez: Exposición Retrospectiva, 1924-1967, -- Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Caracas

Enrique Riverón: Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1957-1994, undated

1926: -- Enrique Riverón, -- Association Paris Amerique Latine, Paris

1957: -- Riverón, -- Sudamericana Gallery, New York

1958: -- Retrospective Exhibition: Riverón, -- Wichita Art Museum, Wichita

1960: -- Enrique Riverón, -- Arger Gallery, Coral Gables

1961: -- Riverón, -- Gallery of Modern Arts, Sante Fe

1965: -- Riverón, -- Bacardi Art Gallery, Miami

1965: -- Riverón, -- Museum of Modern Art, Miami

1969: -- Enter the Sun: New Paintings by Riverón, -- Pageant Gallery, Miami

1973: -- Gala: Grupo de Artistas Latinoamericanos, -- Bacardi Art Gallery, Miami

1974: -- Riverón Retrospective Exhibition, -- Bacardi Art Gallery, Miami

1977: -- Bermudez, Davila, Fernández, Riverón, Velazquez, -- Forma Gallery, Coral Gables

1980: -- Riverón: 1925-1950 Paris/La Habana /New York, -- Lowe Art Museum, Coral Gables

1980: -- Riverón: 1950-1980 Wichita/Coconut Grove, -- De Armas Gallery, Virginia Gardens

1983: -- Riverón, -- Gallery at Grove Isle, Coconut Grove

1987: -- Enrique Riverón: Recent Works, -- Bacardi Art Gallery, Miami

1994: -- Alfonzo, Espada, Iraola, Marin, Riverón, -- Barbara Greene's, Miami
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Giulio V. Blanc papers, 1920-1995. Smithsonian Institution. Archives of American Art.
Identifier:
AAA.blangiul, Series 3
See more items in:
Giulio V. Blanc papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-blangiul-ref24

Galerie Maeght (in French)

Collection Creator:
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 190
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1952
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
Max Spoerri interview: Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Max Spoerri. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hans Hofmann papers, circa 1904-2011, bulk 1945-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hans Hofmann papers
Hans Hofmann papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hofmhans-ref219

Writings

Collection Creator:
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet (Box 6-8)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1904-1965
Scope and Contents note:
This series includes published and unpublished manuscripts, drafts, revisions, and notes by Hofmann and other authors, organized by type-books, articles and essays, etc. Hans Hofmann wrote extensively about his philosophy of painting, about himself as a teacher and an artist, and about modern art. Writings by other authors are mainly about Hofmann and modern art.

Books, arranged alphabetically by title, include manuscripts, drafts, and revisions. Considered Hofmann's most important text, Das Malerbuch: Form und Farbe in Gestaltung, circa 1904-1952[?], is an instructional primer begun in Paris circa 1904 and added to over many years. It remains unpublished. An English translation, Creation in Form and Color, was made by Glenn Wessels in 1931. Peggy Huck's translation, The Supersensitory Origin of Painting, was completed in 1931. After microfilming was completed, several versions of Das Malerbuch and the two English translations were received from the Renate, Hans and Maria Hofmann Trust in 2006. Search for the Real and Other Essays, was issued in 1948 to accompany Hofmann's retrospective exhibition at the Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Mass., the first one-man show of an Abstract Expressionist organized by a museum.

Articles and essays consist of published and unpublished manuscripts arranged alphabetically by title, with untitled items alphabetized by first line. Among them are the constituent essays of Search for the Real and Other Essays: "The Search for the Real in the Visual Arts," "Sculpture," "On the Aims of Art;" and "Plastic Creation."

Notes, outlines, and some complete texts of speeches are arranged chronologically. Miscellaneous writings are shorter, informative, mostly unpublished pieces written between 1944 and 1960. Untitled items are alphabetized by first line. Representative titles include: "I am Often Asked to Explain My Work," "A Reply to the Demand to Name some of My Students that have come Into Prominence," and "About the relation of students and teachers." Hofmann revised 5 manuscripts ("Untitled, in German") by literally cutting and pasting portions onto very long sheets which were then rolled tightly for storage. Over the years, the glue dried out and the scrolls came apart; fortunately, most sections were numbered sequentially, so their order could be reconstructed fairly well prior to scanning.

Among the notes and lists are notes on works of art concerning "Construction," "Magenta and Blue," the Chiamabote mural, and the New York School of Printing mosaic. Lists of paintings include works to be exhibited at Galerie Maeght (Paris), Mirski Gallery (Boston), and the Whitney Museum; works to be framed; and works to be shipped.

Writings by other authors are mostly unpublished articles, essays, and reviews arranged alphabetically by author. An untitled piece by C. Z., most likely Carl Zigrosser, was written in response to an article about the psychology of Picaasso's art by Carl Jung. Unsigned items include a review of Camille Pisarro: Letters to his Son Lucien, ed. John Rewald; and reviews of Hofmann exhibitions at the 67 Gallery (1945) and at Galerie Maeght (1949).
Arrangement:
Writings are arranged by author and then by document type. The series is arranged as 2 subseries:

3.1: By Hofmann, 1928-1965

3.2: By Other Authors, circa 1910-1964
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
Max Spoerri interview: Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Max Spoerri. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hans Hofmann papers, circa 1904-2011, bulk 1945-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hofmhans, Series 3
See more items in:
Hans Hofmann papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hofmhans-ref681

List, Paintings Exhibited at Galerie Maeght, Paris

Collection Creator:
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1949-1962
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
Max Spoerri interview: Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Max Spoerri. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hans Hofmann papers, circa 1904-2011, bulk 1945-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hans Hofmann papers
Hans Hofmann papers / Series 3: Writings / 3.1: By Hofmann / 3.1.6: Notes and Lists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-hofmhans-ref796

Maeght, Aimé (Galerie Maeght; Maeght Editeur)

Collection Creator:
Howard Wise Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957-1959
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Howard Wise Gallery records, 1943-1969. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Howard Wise Gallery records
Howard Wise Gallery records / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.1: Correspondence, A-Z
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-howawisg-ref63

Galerie Maeght/Galerie Eric Franck

Collection Creator:
Madsen, Loren, 1943-  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1979
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of electronic records with no duplicate access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Citation:
Loren Madsen papers, 1969-2019. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Loren Madsen papers
Loren Madsen papers / Series 2: Personal Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-madslore-ref140

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