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German Rocket Aircraft Photography

Names:
Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946  Search this
Heinkel, Ernst Heinrich  Search this
Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1939
Summary:
This collection consists of eleven black and white 4x5 inch black and white copy negatives (with an 8x10 inch black and white copy print of each) of images gathered by Michael Neufeld for his article, "Rocket Aircraft and the Turbojet Revolution." This article was included in the book, "Innovation and the Development of Flight", edited by Roger Launius, 1999. The photographs include views of the Heinkel He 176, the Heinkel He 112, the Heinkel He 111, and the Focke-Wulf Fw 56 Stösser (Falcon). The prints also show views of Ernst Heinkel, Erich Warsitz, and the upper German command, including Hermann Goering and Adolf Hitler.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of eleven black and white 4 x 5 inch black and white copy negatives (with an 8 x 10 inch black and white copy print of each) of images gathered by Michael Neufeld for his article, "Rocket Aircraft and the Turbojet Revolution." This article was included in the book, "Innovation and the Development of Flight", edited by Roger Launius, 1999. The photographs include views of the Heinkel He 176, the Heinkel He 112, the Heinkel He 111, and the Focke-Wulf Fw 56 Stösser (Falcon). The prints also show views of Ernst Heinkel, Erich Warsitz, and the upper German command, including Hermann Goering and Adolf Hitler.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The German Rocket Aircraft Photography Collection is arranged in its original order.
Provenance:
Michael Neufeld, Transfer, 1999
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Rocket engines  Search this
Heinkel He 112 Family  Search this
Heinkel He 111Family  Search this
Heinkel He 176  Search this
Focke-Wulf Fw 56 Stösser (Falcon)  Search this
Propulsion systems  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographs
Citation:
German Rocket Aircraft Photography, Accession 1999-0069, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0069
See more items in:
German Rocket Aircraft Photography
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0069
Online Media:

Thomas Carr Howe papers

Creator:
Howe, Thomas Carr, 1904-1994  Search this
Names:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Bohemian Club (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
M.H. de Young Memorial Museum  Search this
United States. Army. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Cronyn, Hume  Search this
Faison, S. Lane (Samson Lane), 1907-2006  Search this
Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946  Search this
Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901-1998  Search this
Kelleher, Patrick J. (Patrick Joseph), 1917-  Search this
Mallory, Margaret, 1911-1998  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne, 1924-  Search this
Moore, Lamont  Search this
Ritchie, Andrew Carnduff  Search this
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph), 1905-1966  Search this
Standen, Edith Appleton  Search this
Stout, George L. (George Leslie)  Search this
Valland, Rose  Search this
Wittmann, Otto, 1911-2001  Search this
Extent:
4.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1932-1984
Summary:
The Thomas Carr Howe papers measure 4.4 linear feet and date from 1932 to 1984. Howe was director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly 40 years, and he served as one of the Monuments Men in the Monuments, Fine Art and Archives (MFAA) Section of the U.S. Army during World War II. The collection documents Howe's MFAA work in Germany and Austria locating and recovering cultural artifacts and artwork stolen by the Nazis. There is significant correspondence with friends and colleagues, as well as fellow Monuments Men such as Samson Lane Faison, Edith Standen, and George Stout. The papers also includes reports, inventories of stolen artwork, maps, annotated photographs, a scrapbook, and photographs. The papers also document Howe's later work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor.
Scope and Content Note:
The Thomas Carr Howe papers measure 4.4 linear feet and date from 1932 to 1984. Howe was director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly 40 years, and he served as one of the Monuments Men in the Monuments, Fine Art and Archives (MFAA) Section of the U.S. Army during World War II. The collection documents Howe's MFAA work in Germany and Austria locating and recovering cultural artifacts and artwork stolen by the Nazis. There is significant correspondence with friends and colleagues, as well as fellow Monuments Men such as Samson Lane Faison, Edith Standen, and George Stout. The papers also includes reports, inventories of stolen artwork, maps, annotated photographs, a scrapbook, and photographs. The papers also document Howe's later work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor.

Biographical materials include articles and memorial tributes for Howe's father and grandfather, a short autobiography and resume, and the certificate for the copyright to his book.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, the most voluminous of which are letters from Monuments Men S. Lane Faison, Patrick J. Kelleher, Andrew C. Ritchie, Edith Standen, George Stout, Marcelle Minet, Rose Valland, James Rorimer, and others. Additional correspondents include friends and colleagues such as Bernard Berenson, Hume Cronyn, Paul Mills, Christopher Forbes, Margaret Mallory, William A. McGonagle, and Otto Wittman, among many others

Writings include a brief summary of Howe's book Salt Mines and Castles and a sound cassette of his lecture about the book. Project, membership and travel files are primarily associated with his professional work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and include documentation of member art trips, a feasibility study for merging the California Palace of the Legion of Honor with the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, and a membership list of the Bohemian Club.

The Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) Records and Looted Inventories series contain many records relating to Howe's military service as a Monuments Man. There are several inventory records which contain lists of the contents of Hermann Göring's collection of looted artwork, artwork destroyed in the Flak towers fire in Berlin, and artwork held at several of the central collecting points, though mostly at Weisbaden. There is also a small fold out map of the Altausse salt mines; a U.S. government issued manual of maps marking important cultural monuments and artwork in Germany; a book of U.S. government regulations pertaining to the MFAA section; a government information bulletin; and several official status reports and published U.S. government reports about art looting investigations and safeguarding cultural property.

Professional files consist of papers relating to Howe's job as the director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and art trips he organized. Documents include a survey of Los Angeles museum curator salaries, a questionnaire about Howe's work as a museum director, and a membership list of Bohemian Club artists. The bulk of the travel papers are itineraries.

The photographs are divided into two subseries: MFAA Section images and personal photographs. The Monuments Men subseries includes photographs documenting bomb damage to cultural monuments in various countries, though mainly Germany; U.S. soldiers transporting recovered artwork such as Michelangelo's Madonna and Child from the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, and other looted art repositories such as Neuschwanstein Castle and Berchtesgaden in Germany; Weisbaden and Munich collecting points; and art recovery of The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck. There are many photographs of the Monuments Men including Thomas Carr Howe, George Stout, Stephen Kovalyak, Lamont Moore, Patrick J. Kelleher, Edith Standen, and Rose Valland. Personal photographs consists of portraits of Howe and photographs of events, mostly formal dinners and parties.

Printed materials are clippings, postcards, fundraising pamphlets, essays, and memorial tributes for colleagues.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1934-1955, 1974 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1932-1984 (Box 1-3; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1946 (Box 3; 2 folders)

Series 4: Professional Files, circa 1945-1975 (Box 3, 5; 0.3 linear feet folders)

Series 5: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Records and Looted Inventories, circa 1942-1950 (Box 3, 5, OV 6; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1938-1970 (Box 3-5; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbook, 1936-1948 (Box 4; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Materials, 1934-1980 (Box 4; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Thomas Carr Howe, Jr. (1904-1994) served as the director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly four decades and, during World War II, as an officer in the U.S. Army's Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives unit assisting with locating, recovering, and restituting cultural objects and artwork stolen by the Nazis.

Howe was born in Kokomo, Indiana in 1904. He studied at Harvard University where he received his bachelor's and master's degrees. Howe was the assistant director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco from 1931-1939 and director from 1939-1968. Howe was also the art commissioner for the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940) for which he organized an exhibition showcasing Mexican muralists.

During World War II, Howe joined the U.S. army and served from 1945 to 1946 in Germany and Austria. He began as a naval lieutenant but was soon assigned to serve in the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) section. Howe reported to Lieutenant Commander George Stout at Wiesbaden, and was later promoted to Lieutenant Commander and Deputy Chief of the MFAA at Frankfurt. During his service as one of the "Monuments Men" Howe located hidden and recovered large repositories of cultural objects and works of art stolen by the Nazis. He also helped with the restitution effort. At the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, Howe helped salvage a large cache of stolen artwork that included Michelangelo's Madonna and Child and the Ghent Altarpiece or The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck, Vermeer's The Artists Studio, and the Rothschild family jewels. Howe later described his wartime work in his book Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of Looted European Art (1946).

Howe resumed his position as the director of the California Palace of the Legion on Honor after the war, a position he held until his retirement in 1968. Through his career as a prominent art director, Howe was close with many American and international museum professionals, collectors and socialites. Friends and colleagues include Agnes Mongan and Paul Sachs (both former directors of Harvard's Fogg Museum), Whitney Warren, and Gerda and Hans-Erich Von Schmidt auf Altenstadt.

For his wartime service as a Monuments Men, Howe was honored with the Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor and the Officier of the Dutch Order of Orange-Nassau in 1946. At the request of the federal government, Howe also later served as the Cultural Affairs Advisor to the High Commissioner of Germany from 1950-1951, during which time he returned to Germany with S. Lane Faison, another MFAA official, to assist with closing the central collecting points where the recovered artworks has been held for restitution. From 1960-1968, Howe was a member of the Fine Arts Committee for The White House and he continued to serve on numerous panels and commissions as an art advisor.

Howe married Francesca Deering. Together they had one daughter Francesca.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American are the papers of several additional members of the U. S. Army MFAA section. There is an oral history interview with Thomas Carr Howe and Robert Neuhaus conducted by Paul Karlstrom and Peter Fairbanks on September 26, 1987 and another with Howe conducted by Paul Karlstrom on June 2-3, 1976.
Provenance:
Thomas Carr Howe donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in multiple installments from 1979 to 1982.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Destruction and pillage -- Europe  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Confiscations and contributions -- Germany  Search this
Cultural property -- Protection -- Europe -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Art thefts -- Germany -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Museum directors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art treasures in war -- Germany  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art treasures in war -- France  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Carr Howe papers, 1932-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.howethom
See more items in:
Thomas Carr Howe papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-howethom
Online Media:

Göring : a biography / David Irving

Author:
Irving, David John Cawdell 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
573 p., [32] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
1989
1933-1945
Topic:
Statesmen--Biography  Search this
Nazis--Biography  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
DD247.G67 I72 1989
DD247.G67I72 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_423498

Angels of death : Goering's Luftwaffe / Edwin P. Hoyt

Author:
Hoyt, Edwin Palmer  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Germany Luftwaffe History  Search this
Germany Luftwaffe  Search this
Physical description:
304 p. : plates ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1994
World War, 1939-1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, German  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_463877

The final hours : a German jet pilot plots against Goering / Johannes Steinhoff ; translated by J.A. Underwood

Author:
Steinhoff, Johannes  Search this
Subject:
Steinhoff, Johannes  Search this
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Germany Luftwaffe  Search this
Physical description:
176 p., [16] p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Personal narratives, German
Biography
Place:
Germany
Date:
1985
C1985
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
Call number:
D811.S794513 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_320307

Hermann Göring and the Third Reich; a biography based on family and official records

Author:
Bewley, Charles 1888-1969  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 517 p. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
1962
1933-1945
Topic:
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
DD247.G67B4X 1962
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_267623

"Hermann Göring" : from regiment to fallschirmpanzerkorps / Roger James Bender and George A. Petersen

Author:
Bender, Roger James  Search this
Petersen, George A  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Germany Heer Fallschirmpanzerkorps Herman Göring  Search this
Physical description:
208 p. : ill., maps, ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
1975
C1975
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Regimental histories--Herman Göring  Search this
Call number:
D757.63 .B45 1975
D757.63.B45 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_267639

The last chance : the pilots' plot against Göring, 1944-1945 / [by] Johannes Steinhoff ; translated from the German by J. A. Underwood

Author:
Steinhoff, Johannes  Search this
Subject:
Steinhoff, Johannes  Search this
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Germany Luftwaffe  Search this
Physical description:
204 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Personal narratives, German
Biography
Place:
Germany
Date:
1977
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Fighter pilots  Search this
Call number:
D811.S794513X 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_271083

Göring [by] Roger Manvell. Advised by Heinrich Franenkel [i.e. Fraenkel

Author:
Manvell, Roger 1909-1987  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. illus. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
1972]
Call number:
DD247.G67M3 1972X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_271726

Goering: air leader

Author:
Lee, Asher  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
256 p. illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
[1972]
Call number:
DD247.G67L37 1972X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_275100

My life with Goering; [translated from the French]

Author:
Göring, Emmy  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
[5], 168, [8] p. illus., ports. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
Call number:
DD247.G67G6313 1972X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_278402

Hermann Göring, werk und mensch

Author:
Gritzbach, Erich 1896-  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
345 p
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
1938
1933-
Topic:
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
DD247.G67 G87
DD247.G67G87
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_20282

Hermann Goering: the man and his work; the only authorised biography. Translated from the German by Gerald Griffin. With a pref. by R. H. Bruce Lockhart. London, Hurst & Blackett, 1939

Author:
Gritzbach, Erich 1896-  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
256 p. illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
1939
1973]
Call number:
DD247.G67 G73 1973X
DD247.G67G73 1973X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_25377

The Reich Marshal; a biography of Hermann Goering

Author:
Mosley, Leonard 1913-1992  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 394 p. illus. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
Call number:
DD247.G67 M67X
DD247.G67M67X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_39724

Marshall without glory [by] Ewan Butler and Gordon Young

Author:
Butler, Ewan  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Physical description:
287 p. illus. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1951
[1951]
Call number:
DD247.G67 B8X
DD247.G67B8X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_53910

Hell above earth : the incredible true story of an American WWII bomber commander and the copilot ordered to kill him / Stephen Frater

Author:
Frater, Stephen  Search this
Subject:
Goering, Werner 1924-  Search this
Rencher, Jack P. 1921-2010  Search this
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946 Family  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Bomb Group, 303rd  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 302 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Europe
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
Bomber pilots  Search this
B-17 bomber--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--German Americans  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, German American  Search this
German American soldiers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1005728

Vier Jahre sozialer Aufbau : Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG

Title:
4 Jahre sozialer Aufbau
Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG
Writer of introduction:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946  Search this
Publisher:
Junkers Flugzeug- und -Motorenwerke, Dessau  Search this
Former owner:
Library of Congress Division of Documents DSI  Search this
Subject:
Junkers Flugzeug- und -Motorenwerke, Dessau History  Search this
Physical description:
86 pages, 2 unnumbered pages : illustrations, portraits ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Dessau (Dessau)
Date:
1937
[1937?]
1933-1945
Topic:
Aircraft industry--Employees--History  Search this
Junkers airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics--History  Search this
Airplane factories--History  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
HD9711.G34 J86 1937
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063055

Beyond the dreams of avarice : the Hermann Goering collection / Nancy H. Yeide ; introduction by Robert M. Edsel

Title:
Hermann Goering collection
Author:
Yeide, Nancy H. 1959-  Search this
Edsel, Robert M  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann 1893-1946 Art collections  Search this
Carinhall (Templin, Germany)  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 518 p. : ill., ports. ; 29 cm
Type:
Art and the war
Place:
Germany
Date:
2009
20th century
Topic:
Art--Private collections--History  Search this
Art thefts--History  Search this
Art treasures in war--History  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Call number:
N5267.G67 Y45 2009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_926838

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