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Washington -- Courtyard at Freer Gallery of Art

Donor:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Landscape architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Museum director:
Lodge, John Ellerton, 1876-1942  Search this
Landscape designer:
Watson, Phillip  Search this
Creator:
Sasaki Associates  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
General:
The Smithsonian Institution's first art museum, the Freer Gallery of Art, opened to the public on May 9, 1923. The building and its courtyard have an Italian Renaissance-style architecture focused on symmetry and simplicity. In the courtyard, loggias (covered open-air corridors) lie between the surrounding walls and an inner-perimeter of arches, which in turn have an inner-border of shade trees and lower plantings. Brick pavers and white marble paths lead to the courtyard's center - a granite fountain surrounded by a ring of Japanese boxwood.
In 1906, industrialist Charles L. Freer (1854-1919) donated to the Smithsonian Institution his collection of Asian and American art, including works by the American expatriate artist James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903). Freer's friend, the acclaimed architect and illustrator Charles A. Platt (1861-1933), designed the museum and courtyard to house Freer's collection. Builders broke ground in September 1916, but construction was then delayed due to World War I. Freer died in September 1919, and work on the gallery was finally completed later that year.
The courtyard's first walls were largely glass doors and windows, to allow air and light to enter. In 1928, the Freer Gallery's first curator, John E. Lodge, directed for some of the courtyard's brick and marble paving to be replaced with lawn, to diminish heat and glare in the galleries. Advances in indoor-climate technology and concern for artwork preservation later led to replacing many of the glass doors with white marble walls.
In 1988, Sasaki Associates, Inc. began an extensive renovation of the gallery, which included dismantling the courtyard and excavating two levels beneath it. This provided for more storage space and connected the Freer with the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, together forming a national museum of Asian art. When the courtyard was reinstalled, it was again paved with brick and white marble, with no lawn. Landscape designer Phillip Watson was in charge of the plantings. The gallery and courtyard reopened in 1993.
Peacocks were temporarily installed in the courtyard in the 1920s, and again when the gallery reopened in 1993. The birds were a living reference to the gallery's most famous work, Whistler's masterpiece of interior mural art, the Peacock Room (1876-77).
Plantings include Japanese maple (Acer palmatum 'Burgundy Lace'), Persian ironwoods (Parrotia persica), Japanese boxwoods (Buxus microphylla var. japonica 'Green Beauty'), cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), and Hinoki cypress (Chamecyparis obtusa).
Persons associated with the garden include: Charles L. Freer (donor, 1906). Charles A. Platt (landscape architect, 1918). John E. Lodge (museum director, 1920-1942). Sasaki Associates, Inc. (landscape architecture firm, 1988-1993). Philip Watson (landscape designer, circa 1992).
Related Materials:
Courtyard at Freer Gallery of Art related holdings consist of 504 35mm slides (photographs), 6 photographic prints, negatives, and digital images
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI, File SG004
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6f588339a-b96c-4689-b3ad-a5a875df7a17
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-sgi-ref7

Freer Gallery of Art (Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery), crawled March 6, 2017

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 18-209, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa18-209-refidd1e241

Folder 28 Photographs, Renovation of the Freer Gallery of Art

Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 02-082, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Photographs
See more items in:
Photographs
Photographs / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa02-082-refidd1e818

Freer Gallery of Art, crawled February 19, 2015

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-216, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa15-216-refidd1e223

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives Introduction

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-08-06T20:53:34.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
See more by:
FSArchives
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
YouTube Channel:
FSArchives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_tW6hlNGIGf0

America meets Asia: a report based on the 1994-95 Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler visitor study

Author:
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Pekarik, Andrew J.  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Doering, Zahava D.  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Institutional Studies Office  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Bielick, Stacey  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1996
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_102461

The Art and Science of Conservation: Behind the Scenes at the Freer Gallery of Art

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-08-19T21:07:17.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_UeDG8XDt2mc

"Korean Ceramics in the Freer Gallery of Art" website, crawled May 28, 2014

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 14-249, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa14-249-refidd1e191

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery website, crawled September 5, 2014

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-039, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa15-039-refidd1e277

Freer Gallery of Art Reopening feature page on Smithsonian Institution website, crawled October 16, 2017

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-047, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa19-047-refidd1e366

"Korean Ceramics in the Freer Gallery of Art" website, crawled May 12, 2017

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 18-045, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa18-045-refidd1e216

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery website, crawled April 20, 2016

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-269, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa16-269-refidd1e283

Smithsonian's Freer Sackler (Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery), crawled May 29, 2019

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 20-196, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa20-196-refidd1e2356

freersackler (Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery), crawled May 30, 2019

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 20-187, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa20-187-refidd1e910

The Peacock Room (Freer Gallery of Art), crawled March 30, 2015

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-216, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa15-216-refidd1e549

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery @FreerSackler, crawled February 7, 2014

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-075, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa15-075-refidd1e346

Freer|Sackler (Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery), @FreerSackler, crawled November 3, 2016

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-035, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa19-035-refidd1e337

Freer|Sackler, @FreerSackler, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, crawled March 23, 2018

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-239, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa19-239-refidd1e309

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery YouTube account (general), crawled March 23, 2018

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 20-037, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa20-037-refidd1e197

freersackler, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, crawled November 15, 2017

Container:
Electronic Records
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 20-014, Smithsonian Institution, Website Records
See more items in:
Website Records
Website Records / Electronic Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa20-014-refidd1e203

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