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Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (disbound volume of 14 drawings (8 leaves, colored pencil, ink, graphite, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Bound book of unruled paper, now disbound and laminated. Includes scenes of hunting, ceremonies and daily Indian camp life. The manuscript now contains 14 drawings and the original volume cover. Original sequence of pictures not recorded. Identified as by a Cheyenne prisoner held at Ft. Marion, Florida (1875-78) on the basis of style and content.
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. They were accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064C
Local Note:
Believed to be "Sioux" by Mrs. Hazen, but re-catalogued Cheyenne on authority of Mrs. Karen Peterson (see USNM catalog card) and R. DeMallie, Guide to Siouan Manuscripts (1969). Per Father Peter Powell (October 1971) the drawings are Cheyenne, probably by Cohoe and certainly by a Ft Marion prisoner. The Sun Dance scene was verified as Cheyenne by William Fletcher and Gordon Yellowman, Cheyenne Sun Dance priests, in 2000.
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred Mc Lean.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064C
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064c
Online Media:

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of two men with umbrellas together with a woman

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510701

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 001
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref1

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of man and woman, probably courting

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08511102

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 010
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref10

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of Sun Dance ceremony

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (2 leaves, colored pencil, ink, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Two-page drawings showing Sun Dance lodge, dancers in ceremonial body paint, shields and other regalia on display, circle of drummers, many onlookers, and surrounding tipis of camp.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08511103

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 011
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref11

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of village scene with two rows of painted tipis set in landscape with hills and trees, several shields on display, and wagon in foreground

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08511200

NAA MS 154064C

OPPS NEG MNH 1269-D

CS 95-697
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 012
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref12

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of courting scene with trees and painted tipis

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Woman wears buffalo robe quilled or beaded with stripes.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08511300

NAA MS 154064C

OPPS NEG 8020921 MNH 1269-H

CS 94-1967
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 013
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref13

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of man distributing a pile of goods to people seated around him, with one woman holding cradleboard with dog nearby

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, crayon, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG MNH 1269

OPPS NEG 56941

CS 94-9250

NAA INV 08511400

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 014
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref14

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of rear view of five men in ceremonial attire on horseback, two carrying shields

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Four carry leafy branches and may represent preparations for the Sun Dance ceremony. Inscription reads "Lah-le-d-de bae, stoe aba droe-Po-den-dle-poe-ahd."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510702

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 002
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref2

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of woman and man on horseback, with one carrying an umbrella

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510801

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 003
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref3

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of two warriors with full body paint and carrying shields and other military society regalia

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil and ink, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510802

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 004
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref4

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of two men on horseback

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510901

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 005
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref5

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of three painted tipis, feathered lance, and tree

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and crayon, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510902

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 006
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref6

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of hunters pursuing a deer and a buffalo

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08511001

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 007
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref7

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of riders with shields and lances meet two men on foot

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08511002

NAA MS 154064C
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 008
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref8

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of men butchering a buffalo while a woman holds horses

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (colored pencil, ink, and graphite, 18 x 21 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875-1878
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG 57085

NAA INV 08511101

NAA MS 154064C
Local Note:
Two color negatives in file, no black and white negative made.
Album Information:
NAA MS 154064C 009
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064c-ref9

Making Medicine drawing of mounted warriors with shields and lances, riding from camp, and woman near two painted tipis

Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Collection Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 22 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads: "Off on the Warpath."
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG 55047

OPPS NEG 55047A

NAA INV 08547101

NAA MS 39B
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 39B 001
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-b Making Medicine book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39b-ref1

Making Medicine drawing of small steam locomotive pulling two decorated passenger cars

Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Collection Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (2 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 22 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads: "Indian Prisoner's Attempt." One train car has man smoking pipe visible in window, probably George Fox, collector of the book. This is probably a small excursion train based near Saint Augustine, Florida.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08547110

NAA INV 08547111

OPPS NEG 55056

OPPS NEG 55056A

OPPS NEG 55057

OPPS NEG 55057A

NAA MS 39B
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 39B 010
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-b Making Medicine book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39b-ref10
Online Media:

Making Medicine drawing of wagons holding Indian prisoners traveling under Army guard through wooded area

Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Collection Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 22 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads: "Indian Prisoners En Route to Florida." Figure smoking pipe probably George Fox, collector of the book.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG 55058

OPPS NEG 55058A

NAA INV 08547112

NAA MS 39B
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 39B 011
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-b Making Medicine book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39b-ref11

Making Medicine drawing of mounted hunters pursuing buffalo and pronghorn antelope

Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Collection Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 22 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads: "Buffalo Hunt by Cheyennes."
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG 55059

OPPS NEG 55059A

NAA INV 08547113

NAA MS 39B
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 39B 012
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-b Making Medicine book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39b-ref12

Making Medicine drawing of two White soldiers with sabers inspecting two rows of Indian prisoners in uniform inside building

Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Collection Creator:
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Collection Annotator:
Fox, George W., 1853-1886  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, 22 x 29 cm.)
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875
Scope and Contents:
Inscription reads: "Inspection of Indian Prisoners, Fort Marion, Fla."
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG 55060

OPPS NEG 55060A

NAA INV 08547114

NAA MS 39B
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 39B 013
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 39B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 39-b Making Medicine book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms39b-ref13

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