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General Nelson A. Miles collection

Creator:
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Grabill, John C. H.  Search this
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Randall, A. Frank  Search this
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Morrow, Stanley J.  Search this
Extent:
305 Albumen prints ((some as cartes-de-visite and cabinet cards))
6 Acetate negatives
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Acetate negatives
Date:
1869-1892
Summary:
The collection brings together images by well-known Western photographers such as A.F. Randall, John Grabill, C.S. Fly, Stanley Morrow, Ben Wittick and John Choate. Primarily images of famous Indian leaders, as well as other portraits and scenes.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in individual sleeves; arranged by negative number

Prints: organized in folders; arranged by print number
Biographical/Historical note:
General Nelson A. Miles fought for the Union in some of the Civil War's most crucial battles, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and the Appomatox campaign. Wounded four times, he rose in rank to become a major general of volunteers and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his personal bravery at Chancellorsville. After the Civil War, Miles played a leading role in nearly every phase of the army's campaign against the tribes of the Great Plains. Three of the greatest Indian leaders---Sitting Bull, Chief Joseph, and Geronimo---surrendered to him. In 1874-1875, he was a field commander in the force that defeated the Kiowa, Comanche and Southern Cheyenne along the Red River. In 1876-1877, he led the winter campaign that scoured the northern Plains after Custer's defeat at the Little Bighorn, forcing the Lakota and their allies onto reservations. Then, in the winter of 1877, he drove his troops on a forced march across Montana to intercept the Nez Percé band led by Chief Joseph that had eluded or defeated every unit sent against it over the course of a 1,500 mile retreat from Oregon to the Canadian border.

The 1890 Ghost Dance "uprising" on the Lakota reservations brought Miles back into the field once again. In an effort to restore peace throughout the area, Miles directed troop movements that inadvertently panicked many Lakota bands into leaving their reservations and led both to Sitting Bull's death and to the massacre of Big Foot's band at Wounded Knee. Miles reacted to these developments by working aggressively to implement his longstanding belief that the Lakota should be forcibly disarmed and placed under military control. In his later years, Miles commanded the troops that put down the Pullman strike riots in 1894, and was commander of the army during the Spanish-American War. He retired from service in 1903, confirmed in his belief that graduates of West Point had an unfair advantage in promotion and were on the whole less capable of command than those who rose through the ranks as he had.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: National Museum of the American Indian
Citation:
General Nelson A. Miles collection, 1869-1892, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.035
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46632eaa2-eeac-40b2-9b22-f0f906acf2b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-035

C. S. Fly photograph of Geronimo

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Names:
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Extent:
1 Copy print
1 Copy negative
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
1886
Scope and Contents note:
Copy of photograph depicting Geronimo holding rifle, made during negotiations for Geronimo's surrender to federal authorities, March 25-27, 1886.
Biographical/Historical note:
Camillus Sidney Fly (1849-1901) was a photographer and owner of Fly's Photography Gallery in Tombstone, Arizona. In March 1886, he accompanied General George Crook to photograph negotiations with Geronimo in Canyon de Los Embudos.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81-15
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1980.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original C. S. Fly prints depicting Geronimo at these negotations, including an original of this copied image, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 87-2P and Photo Lot 24.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds Camillus S. Fly photographs and negatives from 1886.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81-15, C. S. Fly photograph of Geronimo, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81-15
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3400921b8-ec10-495c-a29f-6067e05d21c4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81-15

United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans

Creator:
United States National Museum., Dept. of Anthropology.  Search this
Photographer:
Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (U.S.) (1873-1878) (Hayden Survey)  Search this
Heyn Photo  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Mitchell, McGowan and Company  Search this
Place & Coover  Search this
Addison, George A.  Search this
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Brady, Mathew B., approximately 1823-1896  Search this
Bretz, George W. (Fort Sill, Oklahoma)  Search this
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Fouch, John H., 1849-1933  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Goff, O. S. (Orlando Scott), 1843-1917  Search this
Gutekunst, Frederick, 1831-1917  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Partridge, William Ordway, 1861-1930  Search this
Randall, A. Frank  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Publisher:
Rice, Rutter & Co.  Search this
Artist:
Noyes, Francis H.  Search this
Reiss, Winold, 1886-1953  Search this
Extent:
3 Painted photographs
8 Prints (halftone and color halftone)
56 Photographic prints (albumen and silver gelatin)
10 Copy prints
1 Stereograph (albumen)
2 Engravings
2 Color lithographs
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Painted photographs
Prints
Photographic prints
Copy prints
Stereographs
Engravings
Color lithographs
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the collection consists of portraits of identified Native Americans and some government officials and interpreters. It includes cabinet cards, other mounted prints, newspaper articles, illustrations, and a photographic postcard. Depicted individuals include American Horse, Oglala; Black Hawk, Sauk; Bob Tail, Cheyenne; Crowfoot, Hunkpapa; Gaul, Hunkpapa; Geronimo, Chiricahua; John Grass, Teton; Chief Joseph, Nez Perce; Little Wound, Oglala; Medicine Bull, Hunkpapa; Osceola, Seminole; Ouray, Ute; Litte Raven, Arapaho; Plenty Coups, Crow; Pocahontas, Powhatan; Rain in the Face, Hunkpapa; Red Cloud, Oglala; Red Iron, Dakota; Short Man, Piegan; Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa; Standing On Prairie, Siouan; Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant), Mohawk; Two Guns White Calf, Piegan; Two Moon, Cheyenne; and Washakie, Shoshoni.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 87-2P
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 87-2P, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.87-2P
See more items in:
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw378544a5f-2448-46cd-90a0-4f00194bb205
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-87-2p
Online Media:

Scene in Geronimo's camp

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Names:
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States National Museum., Dept. of Anthropology.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
March 30, 1886
Scope and Contents:
"Geronimo, son and two . . . braves. Man with long rifle is Geronimo."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.1000095

OPPS NEG.2575-f
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 87-2P, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw320c78045-2b21-4fbf-a50d-4c501e163b23
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-87-2p-ref520

Geronimo, the Apache chief

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collector:
Mearns, Edgar Alexander, 1856-1916  Search this
Names:
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Collection Creator:
United States National Museum., Dept. of Anthropology.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.1000098
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 87-2P, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
United States National Museum Department of Anthropology photograph collection relating to Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3134fa92e-af65-425f-b80e-b6d7d63fde46
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-87-2p-ref522

Photograph collection relating to California and views of the west

Photographer:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Hook, W. E. (William Edward), 1833-1908  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Parker, Joseph C.  Search this
Taber, I. W. (Isaiah West), 1830-1912  Search this
Tibbitts, H. C.  Search this
Artist:
Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926  Search this
Rogers, W. A. (William Allen), 1854-1931  Search this
Extent:
5 Prints (halftone)
3 Engravings
37 Prints (albumen)
Culture:
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Engravings
Place:
Colorado
Yellowstone National Park
Arizona
Snake River (Idaho)
Shoshone Falls (Idaho)
California
Date:
circa 1850-1900
Scope and Contents note:
Scenic views of California, Colorado, Idaho, and Arizona. California images include Mount Shasta, San Francisco, Tehachapi Mountains, Coronado, San Isabell, San Jacinto, Toquich Canyon, and a government school in Agua Caliente. Additional photographs depict Yellowstone National Park and Yellowstone River; Shoshone Falls and Snake River, Idaho; Dragoon Mountains, Arizona; Garden of the Gods, Colorado; and an Isleta wine press.

Photographers include Camillus S. Fly, W. E. Hook, William Henry Jackson, Francis Parker, Rheas Brothers (San Diego View Company), Rifenburg and Murphy, I. W. Taber, and H. C. Tibbets. Additionally, there are photographs of Thomas Moran paintings, a William A. Rogers engraving of a Pueblo wind press, an engraving of Portsmouth Square in San Francisco in 1850, and a few other illustrations from publications.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 29
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Jackson photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo Lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-3, the records of the Department of Anthropology, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Parker, Hook, and Taber photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24 and Photo Lot 90-1.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds Camillus S. Fly photographs and negatives from 1886.
See others in:
Photograph collection related to California and views of the west, circa 1850-1900
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo Lot 29, Photograph collection relating to California and views of the west, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.29
See more items in:
Photograph collection relating to California and views of the west
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bc809fcd-5c67-4a88-bb22-46cc289d7435
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-29

Chief Geronimo and Group of Men at Council with General George Crook and Other Non-Native Cavalry Men

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (007 in x 009 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 97
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
27 MAR 1886
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01604806

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.43003A
Local Note:
See Catalog Card #43003a for Identification of All Men
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Mexico -- Sonora -- Canyon de Los Embudos
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 97
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39b1d8312-d41d-4e17-899f-4e4b211da254
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1298
Online Media:

Non-Native Boy, Santiao McKinn, Captive, with Group Of Children and Men in Partial Native Dress, with Bow, Arrow, and Ammunition Belt, Outside Wickiup

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 008 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 97
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
MAR 1886
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01604807

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56477
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Mexico -- Sonora -- Sierra Madre Mountains
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 97
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30e2caa79-6dcf-4e6e-a0a7-e81789d32492
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1299
Online Media:

Chief Geronimo and Group of Men, One on Horseback, Most With Face Paint, All in Partial Native Dress and with Rifles And Ammunition Belts

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 010 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 97
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1886
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01604808

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56476
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Mexico -- Sonora -- Canyon de Los Embudos
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 97
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38d5c4875-f4fd-4aa2-91fa-a111b8a20a61
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1300
Online Media:

View in Mountains

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 008 in mounted on 005 in x 009 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02628200
Local Note:
Photo 1901 or Before
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Arizona -- Dragoon Mountains
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 29, Photograph collection relating to California and views of the west, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photograph collection relating to California and views of the west
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw381a84875-cbfb-4993-ab93-708f9a7ac3eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-29-ref511

Vintage Prints of Indians

Photographer:
Dinwiddie, William  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Gill, De Lancey W.  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Shindler, Antonio Zeno  Search this
Baer, Prescott, Arizona  Search this
Barthelmess, Christian  Search this
Bell, Bert  Search this
Brady, Mathew B.  Search this
Buehman, Henry  Search this
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Curtin, Jeremiah  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M.  Search this
Elrod, J.C.  Search this
Ericson, Augustus William  Search this
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Gurney, Jeremiah  Search this
Harrison, C.P.  Search this
Hastings, Oregon Columbus  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Hutchins  Search this
James, George Wharton  Search this
Jenks, Albert Ernest  Search this
Love (pawhuska oklahoma)  Search this
Marckel, W.E.  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
Mearns, Edgar Alexander, 1856-1916  Search this
Mindeleff, Victor, 1860-1948  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Morse, S.G.  Search this
Notman, William  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Parker, San Diego  Search this
Randall, A. Frank  Search this
Rinehart, F. A. (Frank A)  Search this
Robinson, H. P.  Search this
Russell, Frank A.  Search this
McEvoy  Search this
Sawyer, Wells, 1863-1960  Search this
Smillie, T. W. (Thomas William), 1843-1917  Search this
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Vannerson, Julian  Search this
Cohner, Samuel A.  Search this
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916  Search this
Wallis, R.H.  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Wittick, Ben, 1845-1903  Search this
Woodruff, Charles E. Dr.  Search this
Baker and Johnston  Search this
Brown, N., and Son  Search this
Heyn Photo  Search this
McClees and Germon  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Ulke Brothers (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
McClees Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Bushnell, David Ives, Jr., 1875-1941  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
2,555 Prints
Culture:
American Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
19th Century
Scope and Contents:
These are mostly nineteenth-century prints of some negatives in the glass negative collection. Included are a few images made from negatives that apparently have since been broken or lost. Some of the prints were acquired by the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum and have accession and/or catalog numbers. Others were apparently made for exhibit purposes. The collection has not been sufficiently studied to allow the positive identification of the print makers but many were probably prepared by Charles Milton Bell, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, and Antonio Zeno Shindler. Some of the prints have been hand colored by Shindler.
Arrangement:
Roughly by tribe
Citation:
Prints of Indian Negatives, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.177
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3371bb1cb-77da-4318-96fe-a7eef3ad3c56
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-177

Joseph W. Keppler, Jr. collection of negatives and photographs

Creator:
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Extent:
79 Photographic prints (black and white)
129 Negatives (photographic) (black and white)
Culture:
Seneca  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Photographs
Place:
Cattaraugus Indian Reservation (N.Y.)
Date:
1870-1947
Summary:
Images depict the Seneca Iroquois Indians on the Cattaraugus Reservation in New York.
Scope and Contents:
The Keppler collection consists primarily of informal portraits of Seneca men and women made in 1900, 1904, 1905, 1908 and 1910. Keppler made most of these photographs on the Cattaraugus Reservation (including a photograph of Edward Cornplanter's Indian and Minstrel show) but also on the Tonawanda, Onondaga, and Allegany Reservations. Aside from the portraits, the photographs depict Seneca dwellings and ceremonials. Also by Keppler is a group of photographs depicting Seneca and Cayuga athletes playing lacrosse and standing for a group portrait. These he made in 1902 at the Crescent Athletic Club in New York City. In New York State, he also photographed Oneida, Onondaga, and Tuscarora individuals. The collection includes several potraits of Keppler and approximately 15 photographs dated ca. 1937 of the interior of Keppler's home. The latter showcase Keppler's American Indian object collection. He also made portraits of Native sitters in his home. There are several photographs in the collection that Keppler did not make. Among them is an 1886 print by Camillus S. Fly entitled "Council between General Crook and Geronimo," and studio portrait made before 1870 of a group of Kiowa sitters, including Lone Wolf and his wife, and full-length studio portrait of a Shoshone or Bannock man dating ca. 1870. Some of the negatives are later copy negatives.
Arrangement note:
Negatives Arranged by negative number (N18567-N18589, N21231-N21314, N21803-N21806, N23071, N23087, N23089, N23091, N23093, N23095-N23096, N23106-N23114, N34852, N36800-N36801, N37887)

Prints Arranged by print number (P00277, P01535-P01536, P01622, P01625, P01652, P01737-P01738, P02640, P10029, P12499-P12518, P13246-P13247, P13252-P13253, P13256, P13258, P13756, P16081, P16084, P16111, P16112, P16114, P25274-P25295, P37581)
Biographical/Historical note:
Udo J. Keppler, who changed his name to Joseph W. Keppler, Jr. in honor of his father, was a political cartoonist for Puck Magazine and an avid collector of Indian artifacts, as well as being an Indian activist. This interest led him to an association with George G. Heye, director of the Museum of the American Indian. Keppler often acted as an intermediary between other collectors and Native artisans, facilitating the expansion of the Iroquois collection of the Museum of the American Indian and others. He was elected honorary chief of the Seneca in 1899 and given the name Gy-ant-wa-ka.
Biographical / Historical:
Born Udo J. Keppler, Joseph W. Keppler (1872-1956), or "Kep," was the son of Joseph Keppler, the great political cartoonist and founder and publisher of the popular and highly influential magazine, Puck. The younger Keppler was born in St. Louis, Missouri and educated in Munich, Germany and New York City. Like his father, he too was a political cartoonist. He became the art director at Puck and, when his father died in 1894, took over as publisher. Joseph W. Keppler ran the magazine until he sold it in 1914. The younger Keppler's two great interests in life were said to be Puck and American Indians. Evidently, Keppler's deep interest in Indians and Indian affairs developed out of his desire to collect Indian objects and his friendship with Mrs. Harriet Maxwell Converse, an early advocate for Native rights. Through Converse, Keppler built friendships with Iroquois living on reservations in New York State and Canada, but especially with Senecas living on the Cattaraugus and Tonawanda reservations in New York. At Converse's funeral in 1903, the 31-year-old Keppler was adopted by the Seneca Nation and made a member of the Wolf Clan. Like Converse, Keppler served as an advocate for Senecas. Most importantly, he worked to help defeat or modify plans to allot Iroquois reservations in New York State. Keppler became a major collector of American Indian objects and his passion to collect led to an association with George G. Heye. In 1901, Heye apparently accompanied Keppler to the Seneca and Cattaraugus Reservations; this trip might have been Heye's first to a Native community. From 1927 to 1942, Keppler served on the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation board of trustrees and for a time was also the Museum's vice president. In 1944, Keppler and his (second) wife Vera left New York and moved to California. Keppler died in La Jolla, California, at the age of 84.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Black-and-white negatives
Photographs
Citation:
Joseph W. Keppler, Jr. collction of negatives and photographs, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.016
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4344ac60a-1a61-46ca-a66f-df79383f6d7f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-016

Group in Native Dress, Receiving Rations

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 003 in mounted on 005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box XV:3, Folder 1-2
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02004400

OPPS NEG.43005F
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Arizona
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 1-29 02004400, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17427
Online Media:

Woman in Native Dress, Carrying Corn Fodder on Back

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 004 in mounted on 005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box XV:2, Folder 3
Culture:
Apache -- San Carlos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02007300

OPPS NEG.43005G
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Arizona -- San Carlos
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 30-49 02007300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17456
Online Media:

Geronimo and Natchez on Horseback and Geronimo's Second Cousins Perico, Holding Infant, and Fun; All in Native Dress

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 008 in x 005 in)
Container:
Box XV:2, Folder 3
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1886
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02007500

OPPS NEG.43003B
General:
Perico and Fun identified by Bryan Jones (April 22, 2008), great great grandson of Perico and Cultural Coordinator for the Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma.
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Arizona ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 30-49 02007500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17458
Online Media:

Camp of Geronimo with Sentinel in Native Dress

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 008 in x 005 in)
Container:
Box XV:2, Folder 3
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1886
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02007600

OPPS NEG.43003
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Canyon de los Embudos, -- Mexico
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 30-49 02007600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17459
Online Media:

Group of Scouts Gambling; Some in Native Dress (Back View)

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 004 in mounted on 005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box XV:2, Folder 3
Culture:
Apache -- San Carlos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02008000

OPPS NEG.43005C
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Arizona -- San Carlos Agency
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 30-49 02008000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17463
Online Media:

View of Reservation

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 008 in x 005 in)
Container:
Box XV:3, Folder 1-2
Culture:
Apache -- San Carlos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02008300

OPPS NEG.43005J
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Arizona -- San Carlos Agency
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 50-68 02008300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17466
Online Media:

Group in Native Dress Waiting in Issue Line to Receive Rations

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 008 in x 005 in)
Container:
Box XV:3, Folder 1-2
Culture:
Apache -- San Carlos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02008500

OPPS NEG.43005
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Arizona -- San Carlos Agency
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 50-68 02008500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17468
Online Media:

Group of Men and Boys Playing Hoop and Pole Game; All In Native Dress

Creator:
Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 005 in mounted on 008 in x 005 in)
Container:
Box XV:3, Folder 1-2
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02008900

OPPS NEG.43004
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Arizona
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache BAE 50-68 02008900, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref17472
Online Media:

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