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Division of Work and Industry Lantern Slide Collection

Creator:
Missionary Catechists of Divine Providence.  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Civil Engineering Department  Search this
Underwood and Underwood  Search this
Compiler:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
44 Cubic feet (132 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Drawings
Lantern slides
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1588-1945, undated
Summary:
A collection primarily of 19th and early 20th century lantern slides relating mostly to engineering, agriculture, railroads, mining, and extractive industries collected by the Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Scope and Contents:
A collection of 19th and early 20th century silver gelatin dry plate lantern slides acquired by the staff of the Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. These materials were collected for research purposes and relate to various subjects.

Condition of the material varies widely with some fragile or broken slides. Poor quality images also exist probably due to either the processing of the slides or unstable storage environments. All slides have been digitized and moved to off-site storage to minimize handling and at the same time increase accessibility.

The collection is arranged in nine series: series 1, engineering; series 2, extractive industries; series 3, chemical; series 4, manufacturing companies; series 5, machinery; series 6, railroads; series 7, agriculture; series 8, travel photography; and 9, miscellaneous materials.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged in nine series.

Series 1: Engineering, undated

Subseries 1.1: Architecture and Structures, undated

Subseries 1.2: Bridges, Cantilever, undated

Subseries 1.3: Bridges, Concrete Arch and Beam, undated

Subseries 1.4: Bridges, Masonry Aqueducts, undated

Subseries 1.5: Bridges, Metal Arc, undated

Subseries 1.6: Bridges, Metal Truss, undated

Subseries 1.7: Bridges, Movable, undated

Subseries 1.8: Bridges, Suspension, undated

Subseries 1.9: Canals, undated

Subseries 1.10: Hydraulic Engineering, undated

Subseries 1.11: Machine Tools, undated

Subseries 1.12: Materials Handling, undated

Subseries 1.13: Power, undated

Subseries 1.14: Railroad Mileage Maps, undated

Subseries 1.15: Steam Boilers, undated

Subseries 1.16: Steam Turbines, undated

Subseries 1.17: Tunneling Machine Tools, undated

Series 2: Extractive Industries, undated

Subseries 2.1: Coal, undated

Subseries 2.1.1: Coke, undated

Subseries 2.1.2: Diagrams and Maps, undated

Subseries 2.1.3: General, undated

Subseries 2.1.4: General, undated

Subseries 2.1.5: Infrastructure and Laborers, undated

Subseries 2.1.6: Internation, undated

Subseries 2.1.7: International Product and Labor Statistics, undated

Subseries 2.1.8: Jack Leg Drilling, undated

Subseries 2.1.9: Lansford Breaker Fire Coal Facilities, undated

Subseries 2.1.10: Loading Machinery, undated

Subseries 2.1.11: Longhole Drilling Method, undated

Subseries 2.1.12: Machinery, undated

Subseries 2.1.13: Mines, undated

Subseries 2.1.14: Mining Communities, undated

Subseries 2.1.15: Subsidence, undated

Subseries 2.1.16: Forepoling Warden Mine, undated

Subseries 2.1.17: Montour Number 10 Mine, undated

Subseries 2.1.18: Conveyors, undated

Subseries 2.1.19: Coal Land Valuation, undated

Subseries 2.2: Iron, undated

Subseries 2.2.1: General, undated

Subseries 2.2.2: Pig Iron, undated

Subseries 2.3: Gemstones, undated

Subseries 2.3.1: Gemstones, undated

Subseries 2.4: Mining, undated

Subseries 2.4.1: Diagrams, undated

Subseries 2.4.2: Hydraulic, undated

Subseries 2.4.3: General, undated

Subseries 2.4.4: Ores and Mines, undated

Subseries 2.4.5: Processing Equipment and Infrastructure, undated

Subseries 2.4.6: Shafts, Drilling, and Loading, undated

Subseries 2.4.7: United States Bureau of Mines, undated

Subseries 2.4.8: L. E. Young, Box C, undated

Subseries 2.4.9: L. E. Young, Box D, undated

Subseries 2.4.10: L. E. Young, Box E, undated

Subseries 2.4.11: L. E. Young, Box F, undated

Subseries 2.4.12: L. E. Young, Box G, undated

Subseries 2.4.13: L. E. Young, Box I, undated

Subseries 2.5: Oil, undated

Subseries 2.5.1: Oil, undated

Subseries 2.6: Rubber, undated

Subseries 2.6.1: Coke Rubber Rails, undated

Subseries 2.6.2: General, undated

Subseries 2.6.3: General, undated

Subseries 2.6.4: General, undated

Subseries 2.7: Steel, undated

Subseries 2.7.1: Newcastle Steel Work, undated

Subseries 2.7.2: General, undated

Subseries 2.8: Timber, undated

Subseries 2.8.1: General, undated

Subseries 2.8.2: Lifts, undated

Series 3: Chemical Processing, undated

Subseries 3.1: Chemical Processes, undated

Subseries 3.2: Laboratory and Studies, undated

Subseries 3.3: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 37A: 1-48, undated

Subseries 3.4: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 47: 1-68, undated

Subseries 3.5: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 52: 1-20, undated

Subseries 3.6: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, undated

Subseries 3.7: Radiation Studies, undated

Subseries 3.8: Visual Aids in Chemical Education, The Museum, undated

Series 4: Manufacturing Companies, undated

Subseries 4.1: American Bosch Company, Fuel Injection Equipment, undated

Subseries 4.2: American Locomotive Company, undated

Subseries 4.3: American Locomotive Company, undated

Subseries 4.4: Atlas-Imperial Diesel Engine Company, undated

Subseries 4.5: Baldwin Locomotive Works, undated

Subseries 4.6: Buda Engine Company, undated

Subseries 4.7: Buda Engine Company, Marine, undated

Subseries 4.8: Cooper-Bessenger Corporation, undated

Subseries 4.9: Cooper-Bessenger Corporation, undated

Subseries 4.10: Fairbanks Morse Marine Diesel General Set, undated

Subseries 4.11: Fairbanks Morse Marine Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.12: Fairbanks Morse Marine Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.13: Fairbanks Morse Marine Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.14: Fairbanks Morse Marine Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.15: Fairbanks Morse Marine Diesel General Set, undated

Subseries 4.16: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.17: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.18: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.19: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.20: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.21: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.22: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.23: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.24: General Motors Company, undated

Subseries 4.25: General Motors Company Miscelleaneous, undated

Subseries 4.26: Hamilton Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.27: Hamilton Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.28: Hamilton Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.29: Hamilton Diesel, undated

Subseries 4.30: Ingersoll Rand Incorporated, undated

Subseries 4.31: International Harvester Fuel Singler Plunger, undated

Subseries 4.32: Long and Alstatler Company, undated

Subseries 4.33: Miscelleaneous Manufacturing Companies, undated

Subseries 4.34: Nordberg Marine Diesel, undated

Series 5: Machinery, undated

Subseries 5.1: Blast Furnances, undated

Subseries 5.2: Construction, undated

Subseries 5.3: Construction - Brick, undated

Subseries 5.4: Construction - Cement, undated

Subseries 5.5: Diagram Miscelleaneous, undated

Subseries 5.6: Diesel Engines, undated

Subseries 5.7: Diesel Engines, General, undated

Subseries 5.8: Diesel Engines, Superior Types KNB, undated

Subseries 5.9: Diesel Installation USS Maumee, undated

Subseries 5.10: Drills, Jumbos, undated

Subseries 5.11: Engine Model D, undated

Subseries 5.12: Factories and Warehouses, undated

Subseries 5.13: Factory Machines, undated

Subseries 5.14: Flywheel Governors, undated

Subseries 5.15: Furnances General, undated

Subseries 5.16: Gas, undated

Subseries 5.17: General Engines, undated

Subseries 5.18: Governors, undated

Subseries 5.19: History of Pumps, undated

Subseries 5.20: Hoisers, undated

Subseries 5.21: Industrial Furnances, undated

Subseries 5.22: Industrial Scenes, undated

Subseries 5.23: Machines Diagrams and Sketches, undated

Subseries 5.24: Machinery Miscelleaneous, undated

Subseries 5.25: Refrigeration, undated

Subseries 5.26: Safety, undated

Subseries 5.27: Steam Engines General Information, undated

Subseries 5.28: Vacuum, undated

Series 6: Railroads and Locomotions, undated

Subseries 6.1: Charts and Graphs, undated

Subseries 6.2: Company Photographs, undated

Subseries 6.3: Drawings, undated

Subseries 6.4: Toppling Over, undated

Subseries 6.5: Interior of Train Cars, undated

Subseries 6.6: Locomotion, undated

Subseries 6.7: Locomotion Miscelleaneous, undated

Subseries 6.8: Repair Report Forms, undated

Subseries 6.9: Shop Scenes, undated

Subseries 6.10: Track Debris, undated

Subseries 6.11: Train Car Component Details, undated

Subseries 6.12: Train Yards, undated

Subseries 6.13: Underside of Locomotives, undated

Subseries 6.14: Yard Scenes, undated

Series 7: Agriculture, undated

Subseries 7.1: Bananas, undated

Subseries 7.2: Butter, undated

Subseries 7.3: Coffee, undated

Subseries 7.4: Corn, undated

Subseries 7.5: Cotton, undated

Subseries 7.6: Machinery, undated

Subseries 7.7: Onions, undated

Subseries 7.8: Potatoes, undated

Subseries 7.9: Poultry, undated

Subseries 7.10: Sugar, undated

Subseries 7.11: Tea, undated

Subseries 7.12: Tobacco, undated

Subseries 7.13: Turpentine, undated

Series 8: Travel Photography, undated

Subseries 8.1: California, undated

Subseries 8.2: Canada, undated

Subseries 8.3: Colorado, undated

Subseries 8.4: General Landscapes, undated

Subseries 8.5: General Locations, undated

Subseries 8.6: Landscapes and Locations General, 186-2-36, undated

Subseries 8.7: Landscapes and Locations General, 187-18-48, undated

Subseries 8.8: New York, undated

Subseries 8.9: United States National Parks, undated

Subseries 8.10: Washington, DC, undated

Series 9: Miscellaneous Materials, undated

Subseries 9.1: Duplicates of Navy Slides, undated

Subseries 9.2: Miscelleaneous

Subseries 9.3: Reliefs, Cravings, and Architecture, undated

Subseries 9.4: Wood Products, undated
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

For related material on Canals, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Canals, NMAH.AC.0060

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, NMAH.AC.0143

Roland A. McCrady Photograph Collection, NMAH.AC.0710

Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, NMAH.AC.0945

Niagara Falls Power Company Records, NMAH.AC.0949

Modjeski and Masters Company Records, NMAH.AC.0976

George Morison Collection, NMAH.AC.0978

Uriah A. Boyden Papers, NMAH.AC.0982

James Forgie Papers, NMAH.AC.0986

William R. Hutton Papers, NMAH.AC.0987

Snake River Irrigation Project Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1031

Silas H. Woodard Papers, NMAH.AC.1038

Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad Records, NMAH.AC.1074

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards, NMAH.AC.1090

New York State Barge Canal Photographs, NMAH.AC.1536

Lackawaxen Canal Survey Profiles, NMAH.AC.1546

Nicaragua Canal Collection, NMAH.AC.1550

For related material on Cantilever Bridges, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Bridges, NMAH.AC.0060

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, NMAH.AC.0143

Nathan W. Morgan Papers, NMAH.AC.0965

George Morison Collection, NMAH.AC.0978

John A. Roebling Collection, NMAH.AC.0981

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards, NMAH.AC.1090

Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering Bridges Reference Collection, NMAH.AC.1577

For related material on Concrete Arch and Beam Bridges, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Bridges, NMAH.AC.0060

For related material on Corliss Steam Engine Company, see the following collections:

Frick Company Collection, NMAH.AC.0293

Cooper-Bessemer Corporation Records, NMAH.AC.0961

Robert Wetherill Company Records, NMAH.AC.0992

Evolution of the Corliss Steam Engine Scrapbook, NMAH.AC1016

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Glass Plate Negatives, NMAh.AC.1089

For related material on Hydraulic Engineering, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engineering, NMAH.AC0060

Charles Richardson Pratt Papers, NMAH.AC.0958

Rudolph Hering Collection, NMAH.AC.0989

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Glass Plate Negatives, NMAH.AC.1089

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards, NMAH.AC.1090

For related material on Machine Tools, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tools, NMAH.AC.0060

Pratt & Whitney Company Scrapbook, NMAH.AC.0093

Max Holland Numerical Control Collection, NMAH.AC.0537

Southwark Foundry and Machine Company Records, NMAH.AC.1107

For related material on Materials Handling, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Materials Handling, NMAH.AC.0060

James J. Childs Numerical Control Collection, NMAH.AC.0420

World War Two Bomb Damage Photographs, NMAH.AC.1535

Norton Grinding Machine Company Photograph Collection, NMAH.AC.1551

Paul Steam-Heating System Company Records, NMAH.AC.1554

For related material on Metal Arch Bridges, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Bridges, NMAH.A.C0060

Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering Bridges Reference Collection, NMAH.AC.1577

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards, NMAH.AC.1090

For related material on Movable Bridges, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Bridges, NMAH.AC.0060

Henry Grattan Tyrrell and Mary Maude Knox Tyrrell Papers, NMAH.AC.0948

Nathan W. Morgan Papers, NMAH.AC.0965

Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering Bridges Reference Collection, NMAH.AC.1577

For related material on Panama Canal, see the following collections:

John Frances Little Panama Canal Scrapbook, NMAH.AC.0708

A.R. Van Tassell Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1015

W. A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1021

W. P. Stine Panama Canal Papers, NMAH.AC.1039

Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1040

Richard Fisher Collection of Panama Canal Materials, NMAH.AC.1045

Robert Dearborn Panama Canal Glass Negatives, NMAH.AC.1111

Charles Edwards Wood Panama Canal Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1114

Panama Canal Commission Photonegatives, 1903-circa 1939, NMAH.AC.1116

Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering Panama Canal Collection, NMAH.AC.1569

For related material on railroads, see the following collections:

Archives Center Lantern Slide Collection, NMAH.AC.0686

Railroad Bridge Construction Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1024

Northern Pacific Railroad Bridge Construction Photograph Album, NMAH.AC.1031

Penn Station, New York, Photographs, NMAH.AC.1048

Northern Pacific Railway Photographs, NMAH.AC.1067

New York Central Railway Valuation Negatives, NMAH.AC.1072

Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago, and St. Louis Railroad Photographs (PCC and St. Louis), NMAH.AC.1079

Niagara Railroad Negatives, NMAH.AC.1081

Charles B. Chaney Jr. Railroad Photographic Collection, NMAH.AC.1167

Clayton M. Hall Collection of Railroad Photographs, NMAH.AC.1168

Harry A. McBride Railroad Photographs, NMAH.AC.1171

Thomas Norrell Railroad Photographs Collection, NMAH.AC.1174

Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs, NMAH.AC.1175

Haskell and Barker Car Company Photographic Negatives, NMAH.AC.1183

For related material on Steam Boilers, see the following collections:

Frick Company Collection, NMAH.AC.293

Erasmus D. Leavitt Collection, NMAH.AC.0966

Edwin Rust Papers, NMAH.AC.1070

Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company Records, NMAH.AC.1541

For related material on steam engines, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engines, NMAH.AC.0060

Frick Company Collection, NMAH.AC.0293

Borsig Steam Engine Records, NMAH.AC.0956

Cooper-Bessemer Corporation Records, NMAH.AC0961

Greville I. Bathe Papers, NMAH.AC.0970

McIntosh, Seymour, and Company Records, NMAH.AC0985

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Glass Plate Negatives, NMAH.AC1089

For related material on Steam Turbines, see the following collections:

Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, NMAH.AC.0001

Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company Records, NMAH.AC.0977

Skinner Engine Company Records, NMAH.AC.1087

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Glass Plate Negatives, NMAH.AC.1089

For related material on Suspension Bridges, see the following collections:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Bridges, NMAH.AC.0060

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, NMAH.AC.0143

Nathan W. Morgan Papers, NMAH.AC.0965

Modjeski and Masters Company Records, NMAH.AC.0976

Niagara Falls Bridge Commission Records, NMAH.AC.1060

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Glass Plate Negatives, NMAH.AC.1089

Mechanical and Civil Engineering Stereograph Cards, NMAH.AC.1090

Robinson & Steinman Collection, NMAH.AC.1562

Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering Bridges Reference Collection, NMAH.AC.1577
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American women  Search this
Agriculture -- Corn  Search this
Agricultural crops -- Fields  Search this
Agricultural laborers  Search this
Agricultural machinery  Search this
Agricultural products  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Bananas -- Costa Rica  Search this
Bananas -- Jamaica  Search this
Bearings (Machinery)  Search this
Bridges  Search this
Butter  Search this
Butter -- New York  Search this
Canals  Search this
Children -- 20th century  Search this
Coal mines and mining  Search this
Coffee  Search this
Coffee industry -- Brazil  Search this
Coffee -- Jamaica  Search this
Coffee -- Mexico  Search this
Cotton  Search this
Cotton farming  Search this
Cotton industry  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Hydraulic engineering  Search this
Laborers  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Maple sugar  Search this
Materials handling  Search this
Mine shafts  Search this
Mining engineering  Search this
Oil  Search this
Oil industries  Search this
Onions  Search this
Poultry industry  Search this
Potatoes  Search this
Power  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Rubber -- Ceylon  Search this
Rubber -- Congo  Search this
Rubber plantations  Search this
Steam-boilers  Search this
Sugar  Search this
Tires  Search this
Tobacco  Search this
Tunnels  Search this
Turbines  Search this
Turpentine -- North Carolina  Search this
Water-supply  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Drawings -- 20th century
Lantern slides
Photographs -- Lantern slides -- 19th century
Photographs -- Lantern slides -- 1900-1950
Sketches
Citation:
Division of Work and Industry Lantern Slide Collection, 1758-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1013
See more items in:
Division of Work and Industry Lantern Slide Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep864c4320f-954c-462f-8434-2b79c0ed7159
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1013

Columbia Parade Hat

Maker:
unknown  Search this
Physical Description:
painted (overall production method/technique)
fabric, pressed felt (overall material)
multicolored (decoration (eagle) color)
eagle (decoration (eagle) motif)
brown (overall color)
green; black (underbrim color)
gold (lettering color)
yellow (decoration (banner) color)
paint (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/4 in x 12 in x 13 3/8 in; 15.875 cm x 30.48 cm x 33.9725 cm
Object Name:
hat, fire
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1810-1860
Subject:
Anchors  Search this
Eagles  Search this
Fire Fighting  Search this
Fraternal Associations  Search this
Related Publication:
McCosker, M.J.. The Historical Collection of the Insurance Company of North America
Credit Line:
Gift of CIGNA Museum and Art Collection
ID Number:
2005.0233.0029
Catalog number:
2005.0233.0029
Accession number:
2005.0233
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Fire Fighting and Law Enforcement
Cultures & Communities
Clothing & Accessories
Fire Hats
Firefighting Collection
Work
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-06c3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1318657
Online Media:

Howe Scale Company Records

Creator:
Howe Scale Co.  Search this
Names:
Ross, Thomas  Search this
Strong, Frank M.  Search this
Extent:
32 Cubic feet (77 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cashbooks
Charters
Clippings
Stock certificate books
Specifications
Minutes
Newsletters
Photographs
Sales records
Inventories
Journals (accounts)
Ledgers (account books)
Legal documents
Correspondence
Place:
Vermont
Date:
1868 - 1963
Summary:
Records document Howe Scale Company from 1868-1963, manufacturers of scales for weighing.
Scope and Contents:
These records, 1868 1963, include records of various companies some of which eventually merged into the Howe Scale Company. Included are corporate records: minutes, charters, legal documents, stock certificate books, and correspondence; sales records: newsletters, inter branch correspondence, catalogs and price lists; financial records: ledgers, journals; cash books, inventories, reports, trial balances with recapitutlations; photographs; specifications; and news clippings. The 32 cubic feet of material is housed in 15 Paige boxes, 6 Hollinger boxes, and 44 volumes.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Corporate Records, 1868-1953

Series 2: Sales Records, 1928-1960

Series 3: Financial Records, 1883-1928

Series 4: Photographic Scrapbooks, 1887-1925

Series 5: Specifications, 1890-1927

Series 6: Clippings, 1953-1971
Biographical / Historical:
The original inventor of the Howe Scale was Frank M. Strong of Vergennes, Vermont. In 1855 while working for the Sampson Scale Company of Vergennes, he conceived of the idea of ball bearing protection for the scale. In 1856, along with Thomas Ross, Strong obtained the first patent.

The lever system was also simplified. This problem of accuracy led to a new ball bearing principle. The Strong and Ross improvement concerned a method for protecting the knife edges.

"A scale weighs by means of a system of levers. The fulcrum, or balancing support of this system is the sharp edge of a piece of steel called a pivot, on which the platform of the scale rests. When a load is placed on the platform the impact causes it to shift about on the pivots. This action tends to blunt the sharp edge of these pivots and affects the accuracy of the scale."

Frank Strong conceived of the idea of placing the scale platform on metal balls resting in cup shaped depressions over the knife edged pivots. This enabled the platform to move freely, absorb vibrations, reduce wear on the pivots and insure longer accuracy expectation of the scale. This invention became the first outstanding scale improvement in America, and was the real foundation of the present business.

The first scale with the new improved ball bearing was installed at Vernon Village Mills in Oenida County, New York in 1856. In 1857 the installation of a gigantic scale on the Morris Canal, Washington, New Jersey, for weighing canal boats was completed. The scales also took first premium at the Vermont State Fair in 1857 and 1858, competing with older and better known scales.

Also in 1857, Mr. John Howe, Jr., who owned a foundry at Brandon, lent financial assistance and in the Spring purchased all the patents taken out by Strong and Ross. The two partners remained with the company on a salary and royalty basis.

In 1858 the Howe Scale Co. began to win awards consistently at fairs and exhibitions throughout the country. By 1859 the Howe Scale Company had no competition at these annual events. At the Paris Exposition in 1867 Howe Scale took first prizes competing against all the manufacturers of the world.

In 1868 the Brandon Manufacturing Company was incorporated. The name was subsequently changed and the company merged into the Howe Scale Company in November, 1878. In 1873 Howe began manufacturing hand trucks as a utility measure to facilitate handling of scales and parts within the factory.

However, that same year 1873, proved disasterous. The warehouse, dryhouse, and office of the company was destroyed by fire. The company moved to Rutland.

In 1886 there was a general reorganization of the Howe Scale Company. The newly reorganized company was incorporated as the Howe Scale Company of 1886. John A. Mead of Rutland became president. A new Board was formed and held its first meeting in August of 1888. In 1920 Mead died and his son in law, Carl B. Hinsman was elected president. In 1925 the Mead interests were purchased by another management group, and Frank G. Riehl became head of the company. The new management purchased rights for the weightograph, a device which produces weight readings on a ground glass screen by means of optical magnification. This was one of the greatest innovations in weighing improvements since the original Strong and Ross patent.
Related Materials:
Special Collections, Bailey Howe Library of the University of Vermont.

Howe Scale Company Papers, 1856 1961
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Scales (Weighing instruments)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cashbooks
Charters
Clippings
Stock certificate books
Specifications
Minutes
Newsletters
Photographs -- 20th century
Sales records
Inventories
Journals (accounts)
Ledgers (account books)
Legal documents
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Howe Scale Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0004
See more items in:
Howe Scale Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87708ef2a-83c1-4196-a86e-d78f9766a4fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0004

Portrait Of Russell Means

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Andy Warhol (Andrew Warhola), Non-Indian, 1928-1987  Search this
Subject:
Russell Means (Russell Charles Means/Oyate Wacinyapin [Works for the People]), Oglala Lakota [Pine Ridge], 1939-2012  Search this
Previous owner:
St. Paul Companies (St. Paul Fire and Marine Insurance Company./St. Paul Travelers), 1853-  Search this
Donor:
St. Paul Companies (St. Paul Fire and Marine Insurance Company./St. Paul Travelers), 1853-  Search this
Title:
Portrait Of Russell Means
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Canvas, acrylic paint, ink
Techniques:
Painted, silkscreen printed
Dimensions:
213.3 x 178.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
New York City, Manhattan; New York County; New York; USA (inferred)
Island Name:
Manhattan Island
Date created:
1977
Catalog Number:
25/3999
Barcode:
253999.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6186d68ec-ee40-4b49-bc84-1f3f5ad64d1b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270021
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Salem County; New Jersey; USA
Date created:
1000–200 BC (Early to Middle Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/7702
Barcode:
087702.000
See related items:
Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ffa30b0e-052c-4b11-b551-3eac66c8b545
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94201
Online Media:

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, rawhide, cotton cloth, wool cloth, canvas, glass bead/beads, sinew, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
26.2 x 10.8 x 18 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Montana or Alberta; USA, Canada (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
8/7437
Barcode:
087437.000
See related items:
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6400baced-d601-4b25-a8f8-514b4b3ccdc4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94452
Online Media:

Net weight/Netsinker

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Late Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Net weight/Netsinker
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped, notched
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Owego; Tioga County; New York; USA
Date created:
3000 BC–AD 1600 (Late Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/7719
Barcode:
087719.001
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65d743689-3d3b-4453-8ded-50cc6205d5b4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94603
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
probably Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Obsidian, chert
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
New Mexico; USA
Date created:
AD 750–1600 (Pueblo I to Pueblo IV period)
Catalog Number:
8/7762
Barcode:
087762.000
See related items:
Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) (archaeological)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60dd87538-ef4b-43bc-8e92-8acb54ade40e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94657
Online Media:

Hammerstone

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Hammerstone
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Nichols; Tioga County; New York; USA
Date created:
8000 BC–AD 900 (Early Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8138
Barcode:
088138.000
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f6a37eca-2878-49a1-9b8f-1e625cdeb159
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94697
Online Media:

Celt

Culture/People:
possibly Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Celt
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Woodworking tools
Place:
Prattsburg; Steuben County; New York; USA
Date created:
1000 BC–AD 1600 (Early to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8161
Barcode:
088161.001
See related items:
Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture)
Woodworking tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66069ab6d-be4d-46cf-bf1c-67193d9bc8a0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94726
Online Media:

Hammerstone

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Hammerstone
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Tuscarora Reservation; Niagara County; New York; USA
Date created:
8000 BC–AD 900 (Early Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8197
Barcode:
088197.002
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bf2f61bf-f5a3-4ac6-b367-b8893d4e72b0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94774
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Smithboro; Tioga County; New York; USA
Date created:
1000 BC–AD 400 (Early to Middle Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8219
Barcode:
088219.001
See related items:
Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64cfea307-a4f6-45b9-996d-f580685a4a65
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_94879
Online Media:

Celt

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Celt
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Woodworking tools
Place:
Granby; Hampshire County; Massachusetts; USA
Date created:
6000 BC–AD 1600 (Middle Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8128
Barcode:
088128.000
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Woodworking tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ddb6efc8-e9b8-48dd-abcc-dba288f69f05
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_95226
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Late Archaic or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
White River Junction; Windsor County; Vermont; USA
Date created:
3000–200 BC (Late Archaic to Early Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8211
Barcode:
088211.001
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6caa5c1b4-6a1d-423d-bd8a-3089141aeeee
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_95246
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Late Archaic or Early Woodland Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
White River Junction; Windsor County; Vermont; USA
Date created:
3000–200 BC (Late Archaic to Early Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8211
Barcode:
088211.002
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61656be23-8588-44f3-8b80-37d946acb1d1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_95247
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point, drill, and scraper

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point, drill, and scraper
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Owego; Tioga County; New York; USA
Date created:
6000 BC–AD 1600 (Middle Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8212
Barcode:
088212.001
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d09a7bc3-551d-484c-b9eb-bd0ea06b2081
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_95250
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
possibly Multiple archaeological cultures (attributed), including Archaic and Woodland Traditions  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Manhasset; Nassau County; New York; USA
Island Name:
Long Island
Island Grouping:
Long Island
Date created:
8000 BC–AD 900 (Early Archaic to Late Woodland period)
Catalog Number:
8/8311
Barcode:
088311.001
See related items:
Multiple archaeological cultures
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61c3bc3fb-c612-4999-a740-72ca57eafa2d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_95461
Online Media:

Knife

Culture/People:
Non-Indian (archaeological)  Search this
Previous owner:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Donor:
William J. Mackay, Non-Indian, 1852-1919  Search this
Object Name:
Knife
Media/Materials:
Metal
Techniques:
Etched
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Bank of Gill Creek; Gill Creek; Niagara Falls; Niagara County; New York; USA
Date created:
1820–1860
Catalog Number:
8/8442
Barcode:
088442.000
See related items:
Non-Indian (archaeological)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66367afef-379c-4ecf-af40-4e88e32a30b9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_95603
Online Media:

Playbill for For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide

Published by:
Playbill, American, founded 1884  Search this
Subject of:
Ntozake Shange, American, 1948 - 2018  Search this
Used by:
Booth Theatre, American, founded 1913  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper, metal
Dimensions:
9 x 5 5/8 x 1/8 in. (22.9 x 14.3 x 0.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
playbills
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
November 1977
Topic:
African American  Search this
Drama (Theatre)  Search this
Feminism  Search this
Gender  Search this
Identity  Search this
Sexuality  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Dow B. Ellis
Object number:
2012.152.1213
Restrictions & Rights:
Playbill used by permission. All rights reserved, Playbill Inc
Permission required for use. Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera - Other
Books and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51ab3730e-e1bf-4147-a63e-74b05c4b3209
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.152.1213
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Playbill for For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Donald.  Search this
Waugh, Leuman Maurice, 1877-1972.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1924
Collection Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archivist for an appointment to access the collection.

Access restricted. Some dental records may be restricted from access, reproduction, or publication under personal health information privacy provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Researchers should contact the NMAI Archies Center 301-238-1400 or nmaiarchives@si.edu for an appointment to access the collection.
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection, 1909-1963. National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection
Leuman Maurice Waugh collection / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv493512c2f-1881-4406-bcb4-dcfa943bb346
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-003-ref43
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Correspondence digital asset number 1
  • View Correspondence digital asset number 2

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